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Full text of "Expression Of The Emotions In Man And Animals"

OHAJ?. X.                          A^GER.                               245

"tiide ready for attacking or striking his enemy,, whom
lie will perhaps scan from head to foot in defiance.
He carries his head erect, with his chest well expand-                           |

ed> and the feet planted firmly on the ground.    He                            |

Holds   his   amis  in   various   positions,   with   one   or                            /<

"both elbows squared, or with the arms rigidly sus-
pended by his sides. With European? the fists are eom-
xnonly clenched.13 The figures 1 and 2 in Plate VI.                            

are fairly good representations of men simulating indig-                            \

nation. Any one may see in a mirror, if lie will vividly
imagine that he has been insulted and demands an                            J

explanation in an angry tone of voice, that lie suddenly                            *

and unconsciously throws himself into some such at-                            t1

tltude.                                                                                                t

Hage, anger, and indignation are exhibited in nearly

the same manner throughout the world; and the fol-                          ;

lowing descriptions may be worth giving as evidence of                          *

this, and as illustrations of some of the foregoing re-
marks.   There is, however, an exception with respect to                          *
clenching the fists, which seems confined chiefly to the
znen who fight with their fists.   With the Australians
only one of my informants has seen the fists clenched.
All agree about the body being held erect; and all, with                          *
two exceptions, state that the brows are heavily con-
tracted.   Some of them allude to the firmly-compressed
mouth, the distended nostrils, and flashing eyes. Accord-                              ;
Ing to the Kev. Mr. Taplin, rage, with the Australians,                          |
Is expressed by the lips being protruded, the eyes being                           f/
widely open; and in the case of the women by their danc-                            I
Ing about and casting dust into the air.   Another ob-                             ^

12 Le Bran, in his well-known * Conference stir 1'Expres-                               \

sion ' (* La Physionomie, par Lavater,* edit, of 1820, TO!, ix.                             |

p. 268), remarks that anger is expressed by the clenching                             4;

of the fists.    See, to the same effect, Huschke, * Mimices              ,                   \

et  PhysiogTiomices, Fragraentum Physiolog'icum,* 1S24, p.                               '

20.   Also Sir C. Bell,4 Anatomy of Expression/ p. 219.                                          

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