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Full text of "Expression Of The Emotions In Man And Animals"

CHAP. XI.

CONTEMPT.

253

CHAPTER XI.

DISDAIN—CONTEMPT—DISGUST—GUILT—PRIDE,  ETC.

—HELPLESSNESS—PATIENCE—AFFIRMATION    AND
NEGATION.

Contempt, scorn and disdain, variously expressed—.De-
risive smile—Gestures expressive of contempt—Disgust
—Guilt, deceit, pride, &c.—Helplessness or impotence
—Patience—Obstinacy—Shrug'ging" the shoulders com-
mon to most of the races of man—Signs of affirmation
and negation.

SCORN and disdain can hardly be distinguished from
contempt, excepting that they imply a rather more angry
frame of mind. Nor can they be clearly distinguished
from the feelings discussed in the last chapter under
the terms of sneering and defiance. ^Disgust is a sensa-
tion rather more distinct in its nature, and refers to
something revolting, primarily in relation to the sense
of taste, as actually perceived or vividly imagined; and
secondarily to anything which causes a similar feeling,
through the sense of smell, touch, and even of eyesight.^
Nevertheless, extreme contempt, or as it is often* called
loathing contempt, hardly differs from disgust. These
several conditions of the mind are, therefore, nearly re-
lated; and each of them may be exhibited in many dif-
ferent ways. Some writers have insisted chiefly on one
mode of expression, and others on a different mode.