260 DISGUST. CHAP. XL [ l approached close to some defiling object. Mr. Bridges says that the Fuegians " express contempt by shooting out the lips and hissing through them, and by turning up the nose/5 The tendency either to snort through the nose, or to make a noise expressed by ugh or ach, is noticed by several of my correspondents. Spitting seems an almost universal sign of contempt or disgust; and spitting obviously represents the rejec- tion of anything offensive from the mouth. Shakspeare makes the Duke of Norfolk say, " I spit at him—call him a slanderous coward and a villain." So, again, Fal- staff says, " Tell thee what, Hal,—if I tell thee a lie, spit in my face." Leichhardt remarks that the Aus- tralians " interrupted their speeches by spitting, and ut- tering a noise like pooh I pooh! apparently expressive of their disgust." And Captain Burton speaks of certain negroes " spitting with disgust upon the ground." 10 Captain Speedy informs me that this is likewise the case with the. Abyssinians. Mr. Geach says that with the Malays of Malacca the expression of disgust " answers to spitting from the mouth;" and with the Fuegians, according to Mr. Bridges " to spit at one is the highest mark of contempt." I never saw disgust more plainly expressed than on the face of one of my infants at the age of five months, when, for the first time, some cold water, and again a month afterwards, when a piece of ripe cherry was piit into his mouth. This was shown by the lips and whole mouth" assuming a shape which allowed the contents to run or fall quickly out; the tongue being likewise pro- truded. These movements were accompanied by a little shudder. It was all the more comical, as I doubt whether 10 Both these quotations are given by Mr. H. Wedg- wood, * On the Origin of Language,' 1866, p. 75.