1 CHAP. XI. PBIDE. 261 the child felt real disgust—the eyes and forehead express- ing much surprise and consideration. The protrusion of the tongue in letting a nasty object fall out of the mouth, may explain how it is that lolling out the tongue universally serves as a sign of contempt and hatred.11 "We have now seen that scorn, disdain, contempt, and disgust are expressed in many different ways, by move- ments of the features, and by various gestures; and that these are the same throughout the world. They all con- sist of actions representing the rejection or exclusion of some real object which we dislike or abhor, but which does not excite in us certain other strong emotions, such as rage or terror; and through the force of habit and as- sociation similar actions are performed, whenever any analogous sensation arises in our minds. Jealousy', Envy, Avarice, Revenge, Suspicion, Deceit, Slyness, Guilt, Vanity, Conceit, Ambition, Pride, Hu- mility, &c.—It is doubtful whether the greater number of the above complex states of mind are revealed by any fixed expression, sufficiently distinct to be described or delineated. When Shakspeare speaks of Envy as lean- faced, or Hack, or pale, and Jealousy as " the green-eyed monster;" and when Spenser describes Suspicion as "foul, ill-favoured, and grim," they must have felt this difficulty. Nevertheless, the above feelings—at least many of them—can be detected by the eye; for instance, conceit; but we are often guided in a much greater de- gree than we suppose by our previous knowledge of the persons or circumstances. My correspondents almost unanimously answer in the affirmative to my query, whether the expression of 11 Tins is stated to be the case by Mr. Tyler (Early Hist, of Mankind, 2nd edit. 1870, p. 52); and he adds, " it is not clear why this should be so."