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Full text of "Expression Of The Emotions In Man And Animals"

CHAP. XL      SH&UGQING- THE SHOULDERS;             267

Mr. Scott has frequently seen this gesture in the                                f

Bengalees and Dhangars (the latter constituting a dis-                                I-

tinct race) who are employed in the Botanic Garden at                                '

Calcutta; when, for instance, they have declared that                                 '

they could not do some work, such as lifting a heavy                                 !

weight. He ordered a Bengalee to climb a lofty tree;
but the man, with a shrug of his shoulders and a lat-                                 |

eral shake of his head, said he could not.    Mr. Scott                                 !t

knowing that the man was lazy, thought he could.,                                  \'

and insisted  on  his trying.    His  face  now became                                 j|

pale, his arms dropped to his sides, his mouth and                                 Vi

eyes were widely opened, and again surveying the tree.,                                 ']

he looked askant at Mr.  Scott, shrugged his shoul-                                   >!;

ders, inverted  his  elbows,  extended his open hands,                                  [\

and with a few quick lateral shakes of the head de-
clared his inability. Mr. H. Erskine has likewise seen                                 'j
the natives of India shrugging their shoulders; but                                 j
he has never seen the elbows turned so much in-                                  j
wards as with us; and whilst shrugging their shoxilders \
they sometimes lay their uncrossed hands on their ;
breasts. i

"With the wild Malays of the interior of Malacca, and

with the Bugis (true Malays, though speaking a different                                 \

language), Mr. Qeach has often seen this gesture.    I                            J^ |,

presume that it is complete, as, in answer to my query                                 j?

descriptive of the movements of the shoulders, arms,,                                  ij

hands, and face, Mr. Geach remarks, "it is performed                                  |;

in a beautiful style."   I have lost an extract from a                                  I

scientific voyage, in which shrugging the shoulders by
some natives (Micronesians) of the Caroline Archipelago
in the Pacific Ocean, was well described. Capt. Speedy
informs me that the Abyssinians shrug their shoulders,
-but enters into no details. Mrs. Asa'Gray saw an Arab
dragoman in Alexandria acting exactly as described in
my query, when an old gentleman, on whom he attended,                                   \