280 ASTONISHMENT. CHAP. XII. their heads to and fro, and beating their "breasts. Mr. Scott informs me that the workmen in the Botanic Gar- dens at Calcutta are strictly ordered not to smoke; but they often disobey this order, and when suddenly sur- prised in the act, they first open their eyes and mouths widely. They then often slightly shrug their shoulders, as they perceive that discovery is inevitable, or frown and stamp on the ground from vexation. Soon they recover from their surprise, and abject fear is exhibited by the relaxation of all their muscles; their heads seem to sink between their shoulders; their fallen eyes wan- der to and fro; and they supplicate forgiveness. The well-known Australian explorer, Mr. Stuart, has given 2 a striking account of stupefied amazement to- gether with terror in a native who had never before seen a man on horseback. Mr. Stuart approached unseen and called to him from a little distance. " He turned round and saw me. What he imagined I was I do not know; but a finer picture of fear and astonishment I never saw. He stood incapable of moving a limb, riveted to the spot, mouth open and eyes staring. ... He remained mo- tionless until our black got within a few yards of him, when suddenly throwing down his waddies, he jumped into a mulga bush as high as he could get." He could not speak, and answered not a word to the inquiries made by the black, but, trembling from head to foot, " waved with his hand for us to be off." That the eyebrows are raised by an innate or instinc- tive impulse may be inferred from the fact that Laura Bridgman invariably acts thus when astonished, as I have been assured by the lady who has lately had charge of her. As surprise is excited by something unexpected or unknown, we naturally desire, when startled, to per- 2 ' The Polyglot News Letter,' Melbourne, Dec. 1858, p. 2.