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Full text of "Expression Of The Emotions In Man And Animals"

CHAP. XII.                         HOEEOE.                                 305

and various ages; and thirteen immediately answered
horror, great pain., torture, or agony; three answered
extreme fright; so that sixteen answered nearly in
accordance with Duchenne's belief. Six, however,
said anger, guided no doubt, by the strongly con-
tracted brows, and overlooking the peculiarly opened
mouth. One said disgust. On the whole, the evidence
indicates that we have here a fairly good representation
of horror and agony. The photograph before referred
to (PI. VII. fig. 2) likewise exhibits horror; but in this
the obliq\ie eyebrows indicate great mental distress in
place of energy.

Horror is generally accompanied by various gestures,
which differ in different individuals. Judging from pic-
tures, the whole body is often turned away or shrinks;                         f
or the arms are violently protruded as if to push away !
some dreadful object. The most frequent gesture, as far f
as can be inferred from the action of persons who en- |
deavour to express a vividly-imagined scene of horror, f
is the raising of both shoulders, with the bent arms f
pressed closely against the sides or chest. These move- I
ments are nearly the same with those commonly made |
when we feel very cold; and they are generally aecom- t
panied by a shudder, as well as by a deep expiration or |
inspiration, according as the chest happens at the time
to be expanded or contracted. The sounds thus made
are expressed by words like uh or ugh.2B It is not, how-
ever, obvious why, when we feel cold or express a sense
of horror, we press our bent arms against our bodies,
raise our shoulders, and shudder.

28 See remarks to this effect by Mr. Wedgwood, in the

Introduction to his ' Dictionary of English Etymology,' 2nd                             ! \;

edit. 1872, p. xxxvii.   He shows by intermediate forms that                              f?

the sounds here referred to have probably given rise to                              \

many words, such as ugly, huge, &c.                                                                  |