332 BLUSHING. CHAP. XIII. Moral causes: guilt.óWith respect to blushing from strictly moral causes, we meet with the same fundamental principle as before,, namely, regard for the opinion of others. It is not the conscience which raises a blush, for a man may sincerely regret some slight fault com- mitted in solitude, or he may suffer the deepest remorse for an undetected crime, but he will not blush. " I blush/' says Dr. Burgess,30 " in the presence of my ac- cusers." It is not the sense of guilt, but the thought that others think or know us to be guilty which crim- sons the face. A man may feel thoroughly ashamed at having told a small falsehood, without blushing; but if he even suspects that he is detected he will instantly blush, especially if detected by one whom he reveres. On the other hand, a man may be convinced that God witnesses all his actions, and he may feel deeply conscious of some fault and pray for forgiveness; but this will not, as a lady who is a great blusher believes, ever excite a blush. The explanation of this difference between the knowledge by God and man of our actions lies, I presume, in man's disapprobation of immoral conduct being somewhat akin in nature to his deprecia- tion of our personal appearance, so that through associa- tion both lead to similar results; whereas the disappro- bation of God brings up no such association. Many a person has blushed intensely when accused of some crime, though completely innocent of it. Even the thought, as the lady before referred to has observed to me, that others think that we have made an unkind or stupid remark, is amply sufficient to cause a blush, al- though we know all the time that we have been com- pletely misunderstood. An action may be meritorious or of an indifferent nature, but a sensitive person, if he 29 ' Essays on Practical Education,' by Maria and R, L, ^dg-eworth, new edit. vol.. ij, 1822, p. 50.