APPLICATION OF THE LAWS OF HYDROSTATICS 13
of the column of kerosene, and, second, by a certain hydrostatic
pressure 5 to be determined. From which:
Pkerosene== AX density of kerosene+ 8 = 0.8fe+ <5 mm of water.
But Since Pwater = Pkerosene, it follows that:
h = Q.8h+8 and 5 = +0.2h mm of water
If it is considered that the water in this experiment represents
the cold air and that the kerosene represents the incandescent
gases in the furnace, the following law may be established with
regard to the hydrostatic pressure which will be produced at the
different parts of a furnace chamber containing hot gases:
The hydrostatic pressure 8 in kilograms per square meter at a
point in a chamber bathed by the incandescent gases, located at
a distance H above the free surface of those gases, is equal to the
difference A between the weight in kilograms of a cubic meter of the
external air and a cubic meter of the incandescent gases, multiplied
by the height H, from which
Example.—If 77 = 0 m 70 and the weight W of 1 cu m of hot
gases at 1200°,
Pi2oo=1+i|200 kg = 0 kg 25,
8 = 0.7 (1.29 - 0.25) = 0 kg 728 per square meter,
or 0 mm 728 of water, since the pressure of 1 kg per square meter
is equal to the pressure exerted by a column of water 1 mm in
Experiments which may be readily made will show that the
light hot gases which fill the furnace are actually exerting a pres-
sure greater than that of the atmosphere.
Open the register connected with any hot-air house-heating
system. A jet of hot air escapes with some force. What is it
that sets this air in motion? What is it that provides the
energy necessary for this motion?
Open the sight hole located at the upper part of an open-
hearth regenerator chamber. If the regenerator is not connected
(1) Refer to Appendix II.