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Full text of "The Flow Of Gases In Furnaces"

DESIGN  OF OPEN-HEARTH  FURNACES               255

For the case in hand it is assumed that the fuel consumption will
be about 300 kg (660 Ib) per ton converted into producer gas of the
following composition: H2, 12.10; CH4, 2.60, C2H4, 0.40;
CO, 21.78; 02, 0.02; C02, 5.68; H20, 3.82; N2, 53.60, having
a thermal value of 1265 calories per m3 or 142 B.t.u. per cubic foot
(low values), the high values being 1352 calories per m3 or 152
B.t.u. per cubic foot. The heat capacity of this gas, the air
supply required for its combustion and for the products of com-
bustion are shown by the curve (Fig. 184). Table 11 gives the
combustion and air-supply data for this gas. One pound of coal
produces 70 cu ft of gas, 1 kg, 4 m3 39 of gas. Its specific weight
is 1 kg 125 per m3 (0.07024 Ib per cubic foot). Its products of
combustion, with 40 per cent excess air, weigh 1 kg 32 per cubic
meter (0.08241 Ib per cubic foot). At the maximum rate of
working, the gas will be burned at the rate of 5 m3 32 (188 cu ft)
per second, requiring 8 m3 51 (301 cu ft) of air for combustion,
and the products of combustion will be 12 m3 77 (451 cu ft),
all volumes at 0 C., 761 mm barometer. As the volumetric
corrections for pressure are comparatively small, they will be
neglected in the computation, and the temperature corrections
alone will be used.

As the capacity of the furnace is to be 100 tonnes, the metal
volume will be 523 cu ft, and the hearth area has been fixed at
650 sq ft. The approximate depth of the bath will be:

,
depth  of bath = eZ =  = ^p = 2.41  ft = 29  in of metal.
1                            a       650
As the bottom will slope toward the tap hole and be banked
at both ends and sides, the actual metal depth will depend upon
the way this is done. There will be at least 12 inches of bottom.
Therefore, the depth to the brick will be about 42 inches from the
sills of the charging doors, and the port sill or bridge will be
fixed as 6 inches higher, making the total depth that the flame
must drop below the port 48 inches, or about 1200 mm.
The brick lines of the hearth will have to be fixed outside of
the bath area of 650 sq ft. Therefore, the inside width between
walls will be made 5 m 00 (16.40 ft), and the length between port
sills 13 m 50 (44.25 ft), giving an area of 67 m2 50 (726 sq ft). If
the length is cut to 13 m 00 (42.65 ft.) the area will be reduced to