# Full text of "The Flow Of Gases In Furnaces"

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```DESIGN OF OPEN-HEARTH FURNACES

277

The gas and air necks, the cinder pockets and the uptakes are
next in order. The efficiency of the cinder pocket depends upon
the change in the direction of the flow, as well as upon the reduc-
tion in the velocity of flow. The width of the pockets fixes the
taper of the necks. Both pockets will be made the same width,
say, 2 m 00 (6.56 ft) with a space of 1 m 250 (4.10 ft) between
them. The gas neck will be 3 m 00 (9.84 ft) wide where it leaves
the chamber, tapering to 2 m 00 in a distance of about 3 m 750
(12.3 ft). The air neck will taper from a width of 5 m 00 (16.47 ft)
to 2 m 00 (6.56 ft) in the same distance. These figures have been
fixed arbitrarily and the assumption made that the same or
greater areas will exist than above the checkerwork.

Gas on
Gas
Air on Air
Gas on Waste Gas
Air on
Waste
Gas

Air and gas necks:

The frictional resistance will be

based on the following:

Z/= length of neck    . .
3 m  750
4m 000

S= perimeter average. .  .   .
9 m 000
11 m 000

SL = surface ................
33.75
44.00

co = area in square meters
5m2   00
7m2   00

OJL/ ~f- CO = . .                .                  .                   ....
6.75
6 28

Qt — volume of gases flowing . .
28m3   75
45m3   99
35m3   66
52m3   08

vt = Qt -:- co = m per sec
5m    75
6m    57
7m    13
7m    44

Aj = kg per m3 gas ..........
0.208
0.239
0.192
0.192

7= frictional resistance in kg per

0.016X6 75X5.75X0.208 =
0 kg 129

0 016X6 28X6 57X0 239 =

0 kg 144

0 016X6 75X6 57X0 192 =

0 kg 147

0 016X6 28X7 44X0 192 =

0 kg 144

The gas velocity in the necks is

slightly less than in the cham-

ber above  the  checkerwork

and is assumed the same as in

the cinder pockets.   The pres-

sure in kilograms per m2 re-

quired to impress these veloci-

ties on the waste gases will be :

5=Aj(w/2-7-20) —kg per m2= . . .
0.354
0.525
0.495
0.543

```