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The Genealogy of the Murasu Family 

Author(s): Matthew W. Stolper 

Source: Journal of Cuneiform Studies, Vol. 28, No. 4 (Oct., 1976), pp. 189-200 

Published by: The American Schools of Oriental Research 

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Matthew W. Stolper 
University of M ichigan 

First examination of the texts now commonly known as the Murasu 
Archive showed them to be business records of members and agents of a 
single family of the late fifth century B.C. The man named Murasu from 
whom members of the family claimed descent apparently never took an 
active role in the contracts, but appeared only in patronyms. Hence, the 
family and the business were dubbed "Murasu Sons of Nippur." 1 

Hilprecht and Clay outlined the genealogy of the Murasu family in their 
editions of the Murasu texts. Augapfel reviewed their discussion and 
presented a family tree, which Cardascia in turn elaborated and corrected 
with full documentation. Cardascia's version of the stemma is indicated 
here for comparison 2 : 



455-437 B.C. 







before 445 








Two fragmentary texts from the Murasu Archive permit a revision of this 
genealogy. The first, CBS 12859, provides a date and patronym for 

1. BE 9 p. 13. Abbreviations herein are those of the CAD, with the following addition: 
Cardascia, Murasu =Guillaume Cardascia, Les Archives des Murasu (Paris, 1951). Texts cited 
by CBS number may be found, for the present, in the writer's dissertation, Management and 
Politics in Later Achaemenid Babylonia (The University of Michigan, 1974). 

2. Hilprecht, BE 9 pp. 14-15; Clay, BE 10 pp. 3-4; Augapfel iv; Cardascia, Murasu 8-11. 
Dates given in the diagrams here and below do not, of course, indicate birth and death, but 
activity attested in available texts. 

Cardascia originally appended Arsam as (h) in his stemma, albeit with reservations. 
Subsequently, he concurred with other commentators in identifying this Arsam, called 
"prince" (DUMU.E) in the Murasu texts, with Arsam the satrap of Egypt, a member of the 
Achaemenid family (Cardascia, BiOr 15[1958] 36). Arsam is therefore detached from the 
stemma in the present discussion. 



Murasu, the namesake of the family. The second, CBS 12965, introduces a 
woman among the "Murasu Sons." The texts are presented below with the 
kind permission of Ake W. Sjoberg, Curator of Tablet Collections of the 
University Museum. 


CBS 12859 is exceptional in form and substance among the Murasu texts. 
It opens with review of a dispute over ownership of a piece of real estate; it 
concludes with an agreement stipulating terms of the resolution of the 
dispute. The property at issue was purchased by a father and son from two 
brothers. Murasu, son of ^atin, lodged a complaint, claiming that the 
property was his. Litigation before a legal assembly in Nippur resulted in a 
verdict favorable to Murasu. Subsequent to this verdict, Murasu's son Enlil- 
hatin indemnified the purchasers for expenses incurred in refurbishing the 
property. Enlil-hatin received in exchange the bill of sale held by the 
purchasers, as well as guarantees against further litigation. The text is dated 
July 16, 445 B.C. 3 

In lines 10-11, Murasu states that the property was registered in his name 
in the twenty-second year of Darius. Obviously only Darius I can be meant: 
no other Darius reigned for twenty-two years or more, and no other Darius 
reigned before Artaxerxes I, in whose reign CBS 12859 is dated. Hence, the 
date of registration and a terminus ante quern for Murasu's age of legal 
competence are fixed at 500/499 B.C. 

Although the date of Murasu's suit for the disputed property is not 
specified, it is nevertheless unlikely that a great deal of time elapsed 
between his initiation of the complaint and his son's settlement of it on the 
terms recorded in CBS 12859. The probable reconstruction of the 
circumstances underlying CBS 12859 is therefore the following: Murasu, 
son of tJatin, was the owner of the property as of 500/499 B.C.; at some 
later time, the property was improperly sold; Murasu brought suit at an 
advanced age, in or about 445 B.C.; although the assembly decided in his 
favor, the old man died — or withdrew from the conduct of his 
affairs — before the consequences of the judgment were effected; the final 
settlement was concluded by Murasu's son and legal successor, Enlil- 
hatin. 4 

Hence, the Murasu of CBS 12859 is the namesake of the family, 
Cardascia's Murasu (a). His life spans the fifty-five years from 500/499 
B.C. to ca. 445 B.C. The mention of his father's name, tJatin, adds a new 
generation to the family tree. 

3. Conversion of Babylonian to Julian dates follows R. A. Parker and W. H. Dubberstein, 
Babylonian Chronology, 626 B.C.— AD. 75 (Providence, R.I., 1956). Babylonian dates are 
indicated as: day / month / year, RN. Missing dates are indicated as n.d. 

4. On legal succession among members of the Murasu family, see Hilprecht, BE 9 p. 14; 
Clay, BE 10 p. 4; Cardascia, Murasu 16. 


These considerations allow the elimination of one of the junior Murasus, 
Cardascia's Murasu (g). His inclusion in the genealogy is based solely on the 
evidence of an unpublished text in the Istanbul collection, Ni. 525, which, 
according to Hilprecht, is dated "before the twentieth year of Artaxerxes" 
and names Murasu, son of ^Jatin. 5 Hilprecht took the patronym ^Jatin to be 
an abbreviation of Enlil-hatin, and considered the Murasu of Ni. 525 to be 
an otherwise unknown grandson of the first Murasu. Lacking additional 
information, subsequent commentators adopted Hilprecht's conclusion. 
However, the coincidence of name, date and patronym now apparent 
between CBS 12859 and Ni. 525 strongly indicates that both texts refer to 
the same man. Unless eventual publication of Istanbul Ni. 525 provides 
evidence to the contrary, the Murasu (d) of Cardascia's diagram must be 
deleted in favor of Murasu (a). 


The second fragment presented below requires little discussion. CBS 
12965 is formally comparable with numerous other texts of the archive, 
being a receipt for the partial payment of a year's rent on lands leased to the 
Murasu firm. 6 The payer representing the firm, however, is otherwise 
unattested: Naqqitu, daughter of Murasu. In the absence of other evidence, 
the fragment's date (9/5/24 Artaxerxes I = Aug. 8, 436 B.C.) and Naqqitu's 
patronym allow her to be placed in the same generation as Murasu's sons. 

The remainder of the genealogy is unaltered. The evidence needs only a 
summary restatement. 

Murasu's son Enlil-hatin, who in CBS 12859 succeeds to his father's claim, 
figures in the earliest preserved texts of the archive. He appears, however, 
in only ten more texts and fragments dated between March 17, 454 B.C. 
and Oct. 21, 437 B.C. 7 The overwhelming majority of Murasu texts are 
records of Enlil-hatin's brother, Enlil-sum-iddin, of Enlil-fratin's son Rimut- 
Ninurta, or of agents of Enlil-sum-iddin and Rimut-Ninurta. Texts naming 
Enlil-sum-iddin are dated between March 15, 444 B.C. and March 1, 421 
B.C. Those naming Rimut-Ninurta are dated between Sept. 26, 429 B.C. 
and an uncertain date in 415/414 B.C. 8 Three texts are explicit in calling 

5. Cited by Hilprecht as Const. Ni. 525: BE 9 p. 14 n. 5; p. 15. 

6. For extensive discussion of such receipts, see Cardascia, Murasu 69-80. 

7. Cardascia, Murasu 9. BE 9 2 (22/12/10 Artaxerxes I); BE 9 3 (26/6/13 Artaxerxes I); CBS 
12864 (20/1/22 Artaxerxes I); CBS 13065+13076 (— /— /22 Artaxerxes I); BE 8/1 124 (8/5/23 
Artaxerxes I; BE 9 5 (13/6/23 Artaxerxes I); BE 9 12 (13/7/28 Artaxerxes I); CBS 5215 (n.d.); 
CBS 5248 (n.d.); CBS 12974 (n.d.). The latest mention of Enlil-batin may be posthumous: in 
BE 9 12 an obligation incurred by him is discharged by his brother Enlil-sum-iddin. 

8. Cardascia, Murasu 10. Enlil-sum-iddin's earliest date (BE 9 3a: 5/12/20 Artaxerxes I) 
may be raised slightly by CBS 12950 (— /— /19 Artaxerxes I), in which his name is probably to 
be restored. The latest mention of him is PBS 2/1 52 (11/12/2 Darius II). Rimut-Ninurta: 
earliest, BE 9 46 (15/6/26 Artaxerxes I); latest, PBS 2/1 143 29/— /9 Darius II). 


Rimut-Ninurta the son of Enlil-fratin 9 ; otherwise he is called, like Enlil-sum- 
iddin, "son" of Murasu. 

Two sons of Enlil-sum-iddin complete the genealogy. Murasu 
(Cardascia's [g]) appears in four contracts dated between Oct. 30, 424 B.C. 
and May 5, 416 B.C. 10 Enlil-fratin (Cardascia's [f]) occurs only once, in a 
text dated in Aug. 28, 419 B.C. 11 

In summary, the stemma of the Murasu family now takes this form: 


(ca. 500-ca. 445) 

i 1 1 

Enlil-fratin Enlil-sum-iddin f Naqqitu 

(454-437) (445-421) (436) 

Rimut-Ninurta Enlil-batin Murasu 

(429-414) (419) (424-416) 

CBS 12859 


1. E ep-sti sd in[a EN.LIL.KI . . . ] 

2. U[S.A]N.TA I[M].S[I.SA DA E . . . US.KI.TA] 

3. [IM].U X .LU DA E m [ . . . A M md ]MAS-SES.MES-bw/-/# 

4. SAG.KI AN.TA IM.KUR.RA [DA E m ] d MAS-SUR A sd m Ba-la-t[u] 

5. SAG.KI KI.TA IM.MAR.TU D[A] SILA d Nin-gir-su M 

6. md /-Sum-M[U A] M md En -///-DU-SES u m Mu-$al-lim- d En-lil A M 

7. md I-sum-M[U]a-na m KI-[ d ]UTU-DINu m Za- 
ra-ah- d Tam-me$ 

8. A.MES M md [UTU-M]U im-hur-ru-W d[r-k]i m Mu-ra-^u-u A M 

9. m Ha-tin ra-g[a-mu] ina muh-Jii E MU.[MES] u-$ab 4 -$u-u iq-bu-u 
10. um-ma E MU.ME[S] at-tu-u-a Su-fu 1 ina ka- 1 aP-am-ma-ri 

9. BE 9 46; 47; 48. 

10. BE 9 101 (16/7/41 Artaxerxes I); PBS 2/1 185 (2/7/1 Darius II); BE 10 129, TuM 2-3 148 
(both 13/1/8 Darius II). 

11. PBS 2/1 86 (7/6/5 Darius II). A certain Quda, son of Murasu, may also belong to one of 
the last two generations of the genealogy. Hilprecht (BE 9 p. 14 n. 2) rules against his 
membership in the family, and Cardascia (Murasu 53) agrees. Quda appears only in BE 1046 
(2/7/1 Darius II=Oct. 6, 423 B.C.) and PBS 2/1 36 (— /— /l Darius 11=423/422 B.C.) as the 
owner of land ajoining property of Enlil-sum-iddin. Since he takes no active part in the 
contracts of the archive, he may be omitted from the genealogy. 


11. [i]d LUGAL ina MU.22.KAM [id m ]Da-ri-ia-a-mu[i a-na]muh-hi-ia 

12. [ m ]Mu-ra-iu-u A-id [Ha]-tin md I-ium-MU u m Mu-[ial]-lim- d En-[lil] 

13. DUMV-su di-i-ni ina UNKIN L[U.DU]MU.DU.MES sa 
EN.LIL.K[I it-ti a-ha-mei] 

14. a-na muh-hi E.MU.MES id-[b]u-ub-u-ma md [I-ium-MV] 

15. u m Mu-ial-lim- d En-lil DUMU-Sti ina [m]uh-hi E MU.M[ES . . . ] 

16. E a-na m Mu-ra-iu-u it-tak-iad E id m | [ . . . ] 

17. dr-ku ina ITI.SU id MU.20.KAM m Ar-tah-id-as-su [LUGAL . . . 

18. qa-lu-u ku-um SIG 4 .#I.A GI.MES u GlS.UR(!) ana si-m[a-an-ni ...] 

19. [ . . . Ydul-lu 1 [id] inaE MU.MES i-pu-ui-u' [... md En-lil-ha-tin Aid 
m Mu-r]a-iu-u 


20. [a-na md I-ium-MU u m ]Mu-[ial-lim- d E]n-lilDUMU-iu it-ta-d[in(?)] 

21. [ . . . ] na [ . . . ] u KI [ . . . ]-ni-iu-nu [ . . . md /-Sum-MU] 

22. [A id md ]En-/*7-DU-SE[S u m M]u-ial-lim- d [En-lil DUMU]-Sii ina 
SU.H md [En-lil-ha-tin A id] 

23. m Mu-ra-iu-u ma-h[i-r]u-u> e-fir-ru-[u> . . . N]A 4 .KlSlB 
[u ii-pii-tu(?)] 

2A. id md I-[sum-M]V u m M[u-i]al-lim- d En-lil DUMU-Sti id a-na 
KU.BABBAR u[l-tu p]a-n[i] 

25. m KI- d [UTU-DI]N u m Za-ra-[ah]- d Tam-me$ A.MES id md UTU-MU 
im-hur-u ki-i 

26. u-[pa-qi]-ru-u a-na [ md ]En-lil-ha-tin it-tan-nu-ti mim-ma di-i-ni 

27. u r[a-ga]-mu i[d m ] d I-ium-MU u m Mu-ial-lim- d En-lilDUMU-iu a-na 

28. E MU.MES KI [ m ] d 50-ha-ti[n A s]d m Mu-ra-iu-u u m KI- d UTU-DIN u 
m Za-ra-ah- d Tam-mei 

29. A.MES id md UTU-M[U] ia-a-n[u L]U.MU.KIN 7 ™ d MAS-PAB u 
m DAN-a A.MES id md MAS-SES.ME-SU(!) 

30. m A-a rLU 1 iak-[nu id EN.LIL.K]I A id md MAS-PAB md MAS-SU A id 
md En-lil-DIN-it 

31. md AG-SE[S.MES}-MU [A id m ] d MAS-MU m EN-iu-nu [A id m ] d KA- 
MU m Ki-din A id m NUMUN-id 

32. m ARAD- d En-[/*7] A id [ m RU]-fi- m MAS md 50-it-tan-nu 

33. LU pa-qu-d[u id EN.LI]L.KI A id md 50-ana-KUR [ m ARAD]- d EN u 
md MAS-SES-MU u m D\J-ia A.MES id 

34. m DU 10 .G[A-fd md MAS-na-dfn]-MU A id m U-bal-lit-su- d AMAKUTU 
m [R]i-bat u m EN-iu-nu 

35. A.MES id [ . . . ]-bul-lif[. . . ] m ARAD-E-gal-mah ASd md MAS-S[UR] 

36. m [ ... Aid] m Ri-mut md MAS-MU A id m Ni-qu-du 

37. LU.SID md [ . . . ] EN.LIL.[KI] ITI.SU UD.6.KA[M] 

38. MU.20.KA[M m Ar-tah-id-as-su LUGAL KUR.KUR] 


Le.Ed. Ri.Ed. 

NA 4 .KI$IB NA 4 .KlSlB 

-DAN-a md AG-SES.ME§-MU 

NA 4 .KlSlB NA 4 .KlSlB md [ . . . ] 

m A-a 

LU $ak-nu 



(1-5) (In the matter of) the built-over lot which is in [Nippur . . . ]: 
its upper long side, on the North, [adjoining the property of . . .; its 
lower long side,] on the South, adjoining the property of [ . . . ], son of 
Ninurta-ahbe-bullit; its upper short side, on the East [adjoining the 
property of] Ninurta-ejir, son of Balafu; its lower short side, on the 
West, adjoining Ningirsu Street — 

(5-8) which (property) Isum-iddin, son of Enlil-bani-abi, and 
Musallim-Enlil, son of Isum-iddin, received in exchange for silver 
from the hands of Itti-Samas-balatu and Zarah-Tammes, sons of 

(8-11) after Murasu, son of tJatin, raised a complaint about that 
property, stating: "That property is mine; it was written down in my 
name in the royal registry in the twenty-second year of Darius," 

(11-16) Murasu, son of tJatin, Isum-iddin and his son Musallim- 
Enlil argued the case [against each other] in the legal assembly of the 
free men of Nippur, concerning that property. And [Isum-iddin] and 
his son Musallim-Enlil regarding that property [ . . . ] The property 
belonged the Murasu. The house of [ . . . ] 

(17-20) Later, in the fourth month of the twentieth year of 
Artaxerxes [the King, ... of] refined [silver], in compensation for the 
bricks, reeds and beams for the outf [itting of the house . . . and the] 
work which they performed on the property, [Enlil-batin, son of 
Mur]asu has gi[ven(?) to Isum-iddin and] Mu[sallim]-Enlil, his] son. 

(21-23) [ . . . ] with(?) [ . . . ] their [ . . . Isum-iddin, son of En]lil- 
bani-ahi [and M]usallim-[Enlil, his] son, have received from the hands 
of [Enlil-hatin, son of] Murasu, and they are paid in full. 

(23-26) [ . . . ] The sealed document [ . . . ] which Isum-iddin and 
Musallim-Enlil received from Itti-Samas-balatu and Zarah-Tammes, 
sons of Samas-iddin, for the silver (paid for the house), in case they 
[raise a] claim, they have turned over to Enlil-hatin. 

(26-29) There shall be no further lawsuit or complaint brought by 


Isum-iddin and Musallim-Enlil his son, in regard to that property, 
against Enlil-hatin, son of Murasu, or Itti-Samas-balatu and Zaraft- 
Tammes, sons of Samas-iddin. 

(29-36) Witnesses: Ninurta-na§ir and Danna, sons of Ninurta-ahhe- 
erib; Apia, fore[man of Nipp]ur, son of Ninurta-na§ir; Ninurta-erib, 
son of Enlil-uballit; Nabu-ahfre-iddin, [son of] Ninurta-iddin; Belsunu, 
[son of] Baba-iddin; Kidin, son of Zeria; Ardi-Enlil, son of [Sirik]ti- 
Ninurta; Enlil-ittannu, provost [of Nippur], son of Enlil-ana-mati; 
Ardi-Bel and Ninurta-ah-iddin and Ibnia, sons of Tu[bia; Ninurta- 
nadin]-sum son of Uballitsu-Marduk; Ribat and Belsunu, sons of [ . . . ]- 
bullit [...]; Ardi-Egalmah, son of Ninurta-etir; [ . . . son of] Rimut; 
Ninurta-iddin, son of Niqudu. 

(37-38) Notary: [ . . . ] Nippur. Month 4 Day 6 Year 20. [Artaxerxes, 
King of Lands.] 

Seal of Danna 

Seal of Apia, foreman of Nippur 

Seal of Nabu-ahhe-iddin 

Seal of [ . . . ] 

(Illegible traces of Aramaic docket in ink on lower edge.) 


San Nicolo remarked on the surprising scarcity in the Murasu archive of 
texts recording litigation, citing BE 9 69 as the sole published example. 12 
The present text relieves this scarcity only in part: while it does cite a 
lawsuit previously brought before an assembly, the text's evident purpose 
is to record an agreement concluded subsequent to the issue of that suit. In 
form and substance, CBS 12859 is without detailed parallel among the 
Murasu texts, and so most restorations are perforce conjectural. 

1-5: Since the litigation was brought before an assembly in Nippur, and 
since witnesses to the settlement include officials of Nippur, the disputed 
property is assumed to be located there as well. None of the adjoining 
properties, however, can be identified elsewhere in the Murasu texts. 

6-8: Neither the buyers nor the sellers can be identified with certainty 
in other Murasu texts. The reading of the theophorous element d Tam-me$ 
(rather than ll-tam-mes) has been established by Dr. Ran Zadok. 13 

10: ka- [ aP-am-ma-ri, "registry," is a loan from Old Pers. *karahmara-. 
The latter term, reconstructed from Achaemenid Elamite karamardh, is 
analyzed as Old Pers. kara-, "people" (or the homophonous kdra-, "work") 
and *hmara-, "numbering" (*mara-, "to count"). Its Babylonian reflex 

12. Or NS 23 (1954) 278. In addition, CBS 12829 is a legal protocol formally identical with 
those discussed by Ungnad and San Nicolo, NRV 1 pp. 607ff. 

13. Nippur in the Achaemenid Period (dissertation, Jerusalem, 1975); review of Mayrhofer 
et al., Onomastica Persepolitana, forthcoming in IE J. 


occurs also in the spellings ka-ra-am-ma-ri (BE 955:4) and kar-ri-am-ma-ru 
(Dar. 551:11). 14 

18-20: The present reconstruction assumes that those signs on the right 
edge which are oriented contrary to the seal-captions are the conclusion of 
line 19 of the obverse, rather than line 20 of the lower edge. If the proposed 
restorations are correct, the settlement of CBS 12859 appears to run 
contrary to the customary stipulation of Late Babylonian real-estate sales, 
which require twelve-fold repayment by the vendor in case of a successful 
third-party claim. 15 

The phrase kum SIG 4 .yi. A etc. commonly appears in rentals rather than 
sales of property. 16 Among the Murasu texts, a comparable clause appears 
in BE 9 48, in which a sizeable loan is couched in the form of a sixty-year 
lease of a house and agricultural holdings. 17 In that text, if the lessor 
reclaims the property before the term of the lease has expired, he is obliged 
to pay silver "in compensation for the work which they (the tenants) did on 
it and the trees they planted in it." 

The original bill of sale for the property at issue in CBS 12859 may indeed 
have contained the usual stipulation of twelve-fold indemnification. 
Nevertheless, the use in CBS 12859 of a clause otherwise characteristic of 
rentals indicates that, for purposes of the resolution of the case, Isum-iddin 
and his sons were construed as tenants of the property rather than as 
purchasers, and Murasu and his son as landlords. 18 

25-26: The restoration ki-i u-[pa-qi]-ru-u is open to question. If it is 
correct, a translation "as they al[leged in their claim]" seems inapposite: 
from the point of view of the original sale, Murasu himself proved to be the 
paqiranu, i.e., the (successful) third-party claimant. The notion "lest they 
raise a (future) claim," however, would seem better expressed by kl la 
upaqqiru. Perhaps an oath is implicit in the phrase. 

CBS 12965 


1. u ki-is-sat sd SE.NUMUN zaq-pu u KA $ul-pu 


14. Elamite karamaraS, Old Pers. *karahmaa-: I. Gershevitch, Transactions of the 
Philological Society of London 1969 173; W. Hinz, Neue Wege im Altpersischen (Wiesbaden, 
1973) 91; W. Hinz, Altiranisches Sprachgut der Nebenuberlieferungen (Wiesbaden, 1975) 147. 
Babylonian occurrences to be discussed separately by the present writer. 

15. Briefly, Ungnad and San Nicolo, NRV 1 p. 50f. 

16. Oppenheim, Mietrecht 78-80. 

17. For the form and purpose of BE 9 48, see Cardascia, Murasu 142. 

18. A comparable fiction appears, for example, in BE 109, in which Enlil-sum-iddin denies 
responsibility for the offenses of which he is accused, but agrees to pay damages as an out-of- 
court settlement. Cf. Clay, BE 10 pp. 30-32; Kohler and Ungnad, Hundert ausgewahlte 
Rechtsurkunden No. 67; Koschaker, Burgschaftsrecht 167-71; Cardascia, Murasu 183. 


GlS.BAN A.SA M m A-a A M m [ . . . ] 

3. m SE§-MU A M md Na-na-a-MU m U-kit-tti u m GlS.G[I 6 - . . . ] 

4. M ITI.DU 6 U MU.29.KAM u ITI.GU 4 M MU.30.KAM ™Ar-[tab~M- 
as-su LUGAL] 

5. M ina IGI { Naq-qi-tu A DUMU.SAL-su M m Mu-ra-s[u-u] 

6. m Za-bad-du LU.GAR-rw M EN.NUN.KA.MES A 54 md EN-[ . . . ] 

7. ina SU.II { Naq-qi-tu 4 DUMU.SAL-su M m Mu-r[a-$u-u] 

8. [ ma-hir e-fir^ [ . . . ] 


r. m [ . . . ] 

2'. md EN-it-tan- [ nu A M m1 [ . . . ] 

3'. md MAS-SUR A sd m MU- d AG m SES-Sii-rw A sd m Bi-ba-[nu] 

4'. m SE§-MU A M md Na-na-a-MU md 50-DU A M ™N[a-din] 

5'. [LU].SID md 50-DIN-tf A M m NUMUN-Jtif-fi-GlS EN.LIL.KI 

6'. ITI.NE UD.9.KAM MU.29.KAM m Ar-tah-M-as-s[u] 



md 50-it-tan-nu 
LU pa-qud 


(1-5) Two minas of white silver, out of two and a half minas of 
silver, plus straw, rental of fields, for fields planted with trees and in 
stubble, belonging to Apia, son of [ . . . ], A^-iddin, son of Nana-iddin, 
and Ukittu and §il[li-. . . ], (payment of which is due) on the seventh 
month of the twenty-ninth year and the second month of the thirtieth 
year of King Artaxerxes — (lands) which are under the management of 
Naqqitu, daughter of Murasu— 

(6-8) Zabaddu, foreman of the gate-guards, son of Bel-[ . . . ], 
received from the hands of Naqqitu, daughter of Mur[asu}; he is paid. 

(l'-4') [Witnesses: . . . ] Bel-ittannu, son of [ . . . ]; Ninurta-ejir, son 
of Iddin-Nabu; A^usunu, son of Biban[u . . . ]; A^-iddin, son of Nana- 
iddin; Enlil-ibni, son of N[adinl. 

(5'-7) Notary: Enlil-uballit, son of Zer-kitti-lisir. Nippur Month 5 
Day 9 Year 29. Artaxerxes, King of Lands. 

Seal of Enlil-ittannu, provost (sc. of Nippur) 


1: Kissatu, "straw" or "fodder," otherwise common in LB, occurs 
nowhere else in the Murasu texts. 



5: For the personal name Naqqitu no close parallel is apparent in LB 
texts. The name is perhaps also to be seen in the canal-namelD M Na-aq-qi- 
tu 4 (PBS 2/1 182:1), and a comparable element in the personal name md Il-te- 
eh-ri-na-(aq-)qi-i> (PBS 2/1 106:23, Le.Ed.; CBS 13000:30). 

CBS 12859 

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CBS 12659 




CBS 12965 

Up. Ed. 

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