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Full text of "The history and construction of Mac Alpine at College Park, Maryland."

TEE HISTORY AND CONSTRUCTION 

01 

MAC ALPINE 

AT 

COLLEGE PARE, MARYLAND 



Prepared as an initiation requirement for Beta of 
Maryland of Tau Beta Pi. 



December 13, 1934 



Jack W. Phillies 



INDEX 

Page 

Summary 1 

Introduction 2 

History 4 

Construction 12 

The Baltimore- Washington Boulevard 19 

Great Seal of Maryland 21 

Genealogy 24 

Sketch-Division of Property 28 

Sketch of Property 29 

First floor Plan 30 

Pictures 31 

Circular-Longfellow School for Boys 35 

Bibliography 36 



-1- 

SUMMAKY 

Mac Alpine, "built in 1863 by Charles Baltimore Calvert, 
was the home of the family of ten for many years. Built of brick, 
it is in excellent preservation today. The house has the appear- 
ance it did years ago, having been only slightly modernized. 

The property, 203^ acres, wes the second of the five div- 
isions of the Riverdale Estate upon the death of Charles Benedict 
Calvert. Mac Alpine was farmed successfully until 1890. It is now 
owned by the seven living children and two grandchildren of Charles 
Baltimore Calvert, but has been rented to the Longfellow School for 
Boys. 



-2- 

INTRQDUCTION 

Mac Alpine, at College Park, is located just south of the 
summit of Cat-Tail Bill, on the east side of the Baltimore-Washington 
Boulevard. Its frontage on the Boulevard is about six hundred yds., 
extending south to the limits of Riverdale, originally called River- 
dale Park. Maintaining this width of six hundred yds., the property 
extends nearly due east to the Edmonston Road; one corner crosses 
that road. It is cut laterally near Its eastern limit toy the East- 
ern Branch of the Potomac River, comiionly called Paint Branch; near 
its center by the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad; and to the west of this 
by the Capitol Transit Company electric line. The house is approxi- 
mately in the center, laterally, seventy- five yds. from the Boulevard, 
and faces east towards the farthest boundary of the property. The 
entrance on the Boulevard is identified by the printing on the gate- 
posts - "Calvert" "Mac Alpine". It is perhaps more easily recognized 
by a new sign reading "Longfellow School for Boys", held on rustic 
support s . 

The property was once a part of the famous Riversdale Est- 
ate, whose mansion still stands in Riverdale. Tor the colorful history 
of this estate, Thesis No. 64, by E. H. Swick, entitled "The History 
and Construction of the Calvert Mansion in Riverdale, Maryland," is 
highly recommended, and is the only complete record of that property. 

There have been few sources of information, the only 



-3- 

written mentions of The MacAlpine which were found "being the obituary 
notices in the Baltimore Sun of the death of Mr. and Mrs. Charles 
Baltimore Calvert, the builders of the house, and the land records at 
the County Court House, Upper Marlboro, 

Most of the information was obtained from members of the 
Calvert family, and from the present occupants of the house. Acknowledg- 
ment is made of the very gracious grant of their time and of the inter- 
est which they have shown in the writing of this paper. 

The reader is therefore asked to bear in mind that what 
follows is, in the main, a part of the memories of the members of the 
Calvert family, and is not a repetition of facts which were copied from 
records, or from a previous book written on this subject. 

As nearly as possible, this thesis will be divided into the 
two sections, history and construction, but the construction of various 
small buildings which no longer stand will be treated under history. 






-4- ' 
EISTOET 

It seems to "be the accent ed opinion throughout College Park 
that Mac Aloine is a very old house, probably of the Colonial Period. 
Actually, it is not old, not nearly so old as the Calvert Mansion in 
Riverdale, which was built a few years prior to 1800. Mac Alpine was 
"built after the Civil War, in 1868. 

The history of Mac Alpine is the history of the Calvert fam- 
ily, the founders of the State of Maryland, and for many years its 
leaders and statesmen. The story of the Great Seal of Maryland, bear- 
ing the Calvert and Crossland arms quartered, as written by Mr. George 
H, Calvert, Jr., is presented on page 21. 

The story of Mac Alpine begins with the death of Charles Bene- 
dict Calvert, on May 12, 1864. His will may be seen at the county seat 
in the records of Equity Case 475, in which the property was formally 
divided. In his will, Mr, Calvert named his brother, George H. Calvert, 
and his widow, Charlotte Augusta Calvert (who is on file as renouncing 
her right) , executor and executrix. The property was to be divided 
according to their judgment among the children as they became of age. 
The papers marking the division are to be found in the same file; also, 
there is an old plat of the division (see sketch, page 28) which gives 
no dimensions or locations of landmarks, the descriptions to all but 
two of the divisions having been lost. The property, the Eiverdale 
Estate, which once included 4,000 acres, had dwindled to about 1,500, 



-5- 

and was divided in 1866 into zones which run approximately east and 
west. The distribution is as follows: 

Zone 1 - To George H. Calvert, 174-| acres. This zone 

included what is now River dale, Kd. 
Zone 2 - To Charles Baltimore Calvert, 203| acres. This 
zone was north of Zone 1 and south of the summit 
of Cat-Tail Hill. 
Zones 3 & 6 - To William H. Calvert, 298| acres. This 

included the property now being developed by H. C. 
Byrd, known as College Heights. 
Zone 4 - To Eugene Calvert, 314 acres. This is north of 

Zones 2 and 3 and east of Zone 5. 
Zone 5 - To Ellen Calvert Campbell, 165^ acres. This includ- 
ed the present College Park, Kd. 
Dower - To his wife, Charlotte A. Calvert, 300 acres. 
It is with Zone 2, given to Charles Baltimore Calvert, that 
we are concerned. It was Charles Baltimore who managed the whole 
Eiverdale Estate during the last few years of his father's life. On 
June 14, 1866, he married Miss Eleanor Mac Kubin, the only daughter of 
Dr. Richard Creagh Mac Kubin and Hester Ann Mac Kubin of Annapolis. 
While the house was being built, the newlyweds lived in the Old Ross- 
bourgh Inn. Their first child was born before their occupancy of the 
house, which was not until about 1868. As indicated by the name, the 
Mac Kubins' originally came from Scotland. They belonged to the Mac 
Alpine Clan. It is from this, that the Mac Alpine got its name. At 



-5- 

about the same time, a brother of Mr. Calvert's wife, James Mac Kubin, 
built a house in Howard County, Maryland, and also called it Mac Alpine, 
There is no other relation between these two houses, neither being a 
copy of the other. At the time the Mac Alpine was built there were at 
least three slave cabins on the property. These were built of logs 
plastered with mud, but have since been burned by sparks from the Balti- 
more and Ohio Hail road trains setting fields on fire. It is interest- 
ing to note that although the slaves were set free at the end of the 
Civil War, Mrs. Calvert's maid, Sarah Taylor, stayed and continued as 
her maid for many years. 

When houses were built on large estates, there were two fact- 
ors which influenced their location. One was access to water, and the 
other was protection from wind and storms. Before the house was built 
there had been a house, occupied by a foreman of the old Riversdale 
Estate, on almost the same spot. This house had been burned, but there 
had been left the 70 ft. well which is now outside the kitchen door. 
Mac Alpine was provided, therefore, with water, and was placed where a 
beautiful, unobstructed, view of almost the whole property was available 
from any front window. Being on the top of a hill, there was little 
protection from storms. Fir trees were grown between the house and the 
highway to afford this protection against the icy west wind. In this 
connection, it should be stated that the winters of the past were much 
more severe than are those of today. It was often necessary to go out 
on horse-back and ride back and forth in order to break paths in the 



-7- 

deep snow. 

The 70 ft. well was used until the development of Eiverdale 
Park, when it ran dry, someone having drilled into the water vein to 
the south. At this time the well on the hill to the east of the house 
was dug and the brick pump- house was "built. It is approximately 13x10 
ft. and 8 ft. high; the roof is of slate. On the west side are two 
large windows almost covering that side. Inside is the top of the well, 
which appears to be approximately 40 ft. deep, the pump, and the one- 
cylinder steam engine which was first used for power. Later, an electric 
motor was used, but this has disappeared. The water was pumped to the 
tank behind the house, which was built for that purpose. This well is 
not dry, but the present water supply is connected to the local water 
system. The interesting part of this little pump-house is the door. It 
is about 6 ft. by 2g ft. and about ^ in. thick. It is constructed of 
cast iron, painted black. This door was originally the entrance to the 
old brick and iron vault of the Riverdale Mansion. It has an old- 
fashioned lock, locked by a Igrge brass key. 

Under Mr. Calvert's supervision the farm flourished until 
1890, when the scarcity of labor caused him to abendon the enterprise. 
During the farming period it operated successfully. Three hired men and 
their families lived there continually, and more were hired during the 
harvest season. The women lived in the house as maids, while the others 
lived outside. Five horses were kept, two for the carriage, one for rid- 
ing, and two to work with the four mules. Three or four hogs were raised 



-8- 

each year and "butchered at Christmastime. The meat was cured in the 
smoke-house, which still stands, just south of the house. Five to eight 
cows were kept and some bulls, but these were not butchered on the place. 
The usual corn crop of 200 barrels was raised in the fields near the east- 
ern end of the property. The pasture was Just west of the cornfields. 
The corn was stored in the corn-house. The corn- house and the addition 
to it, the wagon shed, were the only wooden buildings on the place, all 
others being of brick. There was always an abundance of dairy products. 
The cream and butter was sold, but the surplus milk was fed to the hogs. 
The dairy products were kept in an ice-house, which was just south of the 
smoke-house. It was brick, circular in shape, about 20 ft. in diameter. 
It was sunk in the ground and the dirt banked up all around it in a sort 
of a mound. Ice was cut from the ice pond in the southwest corner of the 
property and stored, packed in straw, below the floor of the ice-house. 
The milk and other products were kept on the floor over the ice. When, 
one year, it was desired to store more ice than usual, the floor was tak- 
en out and an ice chest built into the basement of the house for the 
products. This chest is still in the basement, and measures about 6 ft. 
high by 3 ft. deep by 7 ft. long. The ice-house has since been destroyed 
by fire, which started by the burning of trash in Hlverdale. 

The barn, located about ISO yds. southwest of the house, was 
destroyed by fire only a few years ago, just as the ice-house was. It 
measured 28 by 40 ft. Two of its brick corners still stand, one extend- 
ing about 15 ft. into the air. It was built on a hill so that the cows 



-9- 

and horses entered the lower story from the south, where there was a 
cow yard. The entrance to the other story was on the north (see sketch, 
page 39) . Across from the barn was another building, originally a 
carriage barn; this has also been burned. 

There is a rumor that there was once an Indian burying ground 
in the grove of trees just northeast of the house. This is unconfirmed, 
but Mr. George H. Calvert, Jr., remembers that often, when ditches were 
dug on the farm, arrowheads and tomahawks were found, one tomahawk in 
particular being about the size of a sledge. 

The family was always well supplied with fruit, there being 
three orchards bearing four fruits. To the north of the house was the 
pear orchard, to the south, apple and peach trees, and to the southwest, 
cherry trees. 

A large garden was located near the southern boundary between 
the house and the electric line. 

Host of the trees on the place today were planted by Charles 
Baltimore Calvert. The old farm roads are represented on the sketch, 
page 29. The remains of the posts of the lower gate are' still visible. 
The cement posts at the main entrance are not original; the original 
ones were wooden. 

Although the grounds have been neglected for a number of 
years, the efficiency and thoroughness of the Master of Mac Alpine is 
in evidence throughout the estate. 

Charles Baltimore Calvert was born February 5, 1843, at the 



-10- 

- 

Calvert Mansion, in Riverdale, the son of Charles Benedict Calvert and 
Charlotte Angus t a Norris Calvert. He graduated from the Maryland Agri- 
cultural College in 1863, and was a member of the Board of Trustees of 
that institution. (His father was the first president of the Board of 
Trustees). In 1864 he was elected a Member of the Maryland Legislature 
from Prince George's County as a Democrat, and served in a special sess- 
ion in 1866. He was re-elected to the Legislature in 1867. Ee was one 
of the original promoter a of the electric railway operating between 
Washington and Laurel. This is the electric line which passes through 
the estate. It is interesting to note that Mr. Calvert and his family 
had pass privileges on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, but these were 
revoked when he voted in favor of the Pennsylvania line while in the 
Legislature. 

When he died, August 31, 1906, he willed the property to his 
wife for life, to be given to the eight children at her death. Mrs. 
Calvert died April 30, 1932, The property now belongs to nine persons; 
seven are children of Charles Baltimore Calvert, and two are his grand- 
children. Their names follow: 

C. B. Calvert Carey ) 

) Sons of Eleanor Calvert Carey (Died 
W. Gibson Csrey ) Oct. 5, 1920) 

Hester V. C. Lilly 

Charlotte Calvert Spence (Wife of Dean Thomas H. Spence, U.of M. 

Hichard C. M, Calvert 

George H. Calvert, Jr. 

Charles Baltimore Calvert 



-11- 

Rosalie E. S. Calvert 

Elizabeth Stuart Calvert Thomas . 

The house was occupied about 1368 by Mr. and Mrs. Calvert, 
and their family was raised there. Mr. Calvert died in 1906, but the 
family stayed until 1910, when they moved to Washington. Mrs. Spence 
spent the summers there, a caretaker being hired during the winter, un- 
til 1917, when she and Mr. Spence moved in to stay the year round. 
They moved out on September 4, 1934, and the place is rented to Mr. H. L, 
Sewell, who is conducting a school for small boys between the ages of 
seven and thirteen and Including the first eight grades. (See circular, 
page 35) . 



-12- 

CONSTRUCTIQN 

Note: The writer did not feel free to go roaming about the 
house with a measuring tape, because the house is at present 
occupied by Mr. E. L. Sewell and his school children. He 
was conducted throughout the house by Mr. Sewell, and the 
sizes of the rooms were estimated. Exterior photographs and 
measurements were taken, however. 

The date of building Mac Alpine seems fixed between 1367 
and 1868. It is probable that it took part of both of these years, 
since it was built almost entirely by day laborers. 

The house and all of the outbuildings, except the corn- 
house and carriage shed, were built of brick. Unlike most of the 
other old Maryland homes, there is no rumor as to the brick being made 
in "England. The clay was dug from the excavations for the house and 
barn and was dried and baked on the place. 

Charles Baltimore Calvert designed the house himself and 
supervised its building. 

The walls of the house are very heavy, the basement walls 
being four bricks thick and inside are plastered on the brick and 
painted. The walls to the upper stories are three bricks thick. On 
the Inside of the walls, vertical 2x4" s were set up, and lath and 
plaster put on the inside of the 2x4' s, thus leaving a 4-inch air 
space. This contributes noticeably to the holding of the heat in the 
winter, and is an interesting construction of sixty- six years ago, 



-13- 

whea it is only within the last few years that the advantages of an 
air space in the walls have become recognized and the use of hollow 
tile become common for this puroose. The bricks are set in common 
"bond, every eighth row being end-wise. 

The old kitchen is in the basement, on the south. It was 
in use until September 4th last, when Kr. and Mrs. Spence moved out. 
A large dumb-waiter was used to convey the food to the floor above. 
An old iron range was used but has been moved. The room is now used 
as a play room for the boys. The built-in cupboards are still in 
place. The ceiling of the kitchen, as are all of the basement ceil- 
ings, is lathed and plastered. The floor was originally wood, the 
rest of the basement having dirt floors, but they have since been 
cemented. The old well is outside the kitchen door, which ouens on 
the south, the water having been carried in in buckets. Behind the 
house, beside the kitchen, is the old cistern. It is built below the 
ground, of brick, in two sections. The rain-water entered one section, 
filtered through the brick dividing wall, and remained in the other sec- 
tion, from which it was drawn by a small cast iron hand pump which rests 
on the level of the ground. This water was used for washing; the well 
water was high in iron and sulphur content. 

In addition to the kitchen, there are four other rooms 
in the basement. The one on the west, next to the kitchen, was 
used by the maids. It originally had a partition through the cen- 
ter, which also divided the one window down the middle, so that 



-14- 

each part received light and air. The other western room now contains 
the furnace, a large hot air furnace, which was installed about 1884, 
The room on the northeast contains the large ice chest. The room on 
the front is used as a workshop. All the rooms are dry, the walls are 
not chipped; and all are well lighted by large windows. All partitions 
are of brick and are supports for the floors above. No pipes or wiring 
are risible, only the plastered ceilings. 

There are two large chimneys which rise from the basement 
through the roof. Each is in an inner wall and has a fireplace on both 
sides on all floors. Thus, there are eleven fireplaces, one of the 
basement ones being supplanted by the old kitchen range. 

In the kitchen over the door is a panel on which are mount- 
ed seven bells, each one a little larger than the others, and consequent- 
ly all the tones are different. Each is connected to a different room 
by a wire inside the walls. The largest is connected to the front door, 
the three next largest to the first floor, and the three smaller ones to 
the upstairs. They were used to sunraon the servants, who could tell by 
the sound which room demanded service. The wires are still in place but 
have rusted in the walls. 

A narrow stairway leads upstairs, under the back stairway. 

The entrance is on the east. Thick double doors, each only 
two feet wide, open into a hallway about 13x20'. To the left is a wind- 
ing stairway. The rail is a beautiful one, of solid walnut. It is 
interesting to note that when this stairway was built, at first no one 



-15- 

could "be found who would build it without visible supports (see sketch, 
page 30) . All that was necessary, however, was to run a heavy timber 
from the south wall to support the last curved section. 

All of the ceilings are high, 14 ft. The woodwork down- 
stairs is a light tan color with artificial grain. This type of finish 
was new at that time, and was painted "by the son of Mr. Day, who frescoed 
the United States Capitol. To the right of the hallway is the library, 
approximately 17x15 ft. The first attraction is a beautiful mantle of 
gray Italian marble, fitted with a Latrobe stove. The stove has apparent- 
ly been there since the house was built, the flue being arranged so that 
the room above is heated also, The windows are fitted with folding wood- 
en blinds, which are painted to match the woodwork. When folded to cover 
the window, a section can be opened to let in light. All of the windows, 
on the first floor are fitted in this way. The library window which fac- 
es east is a peculiar one; it reaches at the top to the same height as 
all of the others, but its uniqueness is that it extends to the floor. 
The lower section is about six feet high. The wall above is hollowed 
so that the section may be raised, leaving a six-foot opening. Since 
it opens onto the front porch, this was used in the surner just as if 
it had been a door. 

To the west of the library is the parlor, approximately 16x 
21 ft. In the east wall is the mantle, also made of Italian marble. 
This one is fitted, however, with a grate. The floor has been re-covered 
with maple flooring laid over the other floor, which was of pine. It 



-16- 

was planned to re-cover all of the floors, "but they are still the orig- 
inal 4- inch pine flooring. The new floor and the grate were put in about 
1838. The room is at present used as a classroom, two long tables tak- 
ing the place of the conventional individual desks usually seen. The 
south wall opens through a large arch into the dining room. 

Heat is furnished by a Latrobe stove fitted into a mantle- 
piece of Tennessee marble. The room, 20x16 ft., has a large window on 
the west, and two doors, one into the main hallway and the other into 
the hallway of the present kitchen. 

The wing on the south is divided practically into thirds, 
the front third being a hallway and back stairway. The center section 
is used as a pantry. The western section is now used as the kitchen. 
It has a fireplace on the northern wall, opposite the one in the din- 
ing room. A porch six feet wide, but without a roof, runs the length 
of the wing on the south. A similar wing was planned for the north but 
was never built. The ceilings in the wing are not as high as those in 
the main section. 

The main stairway rises towards south, turns to the west, 
where one can step into the wing, turns now to the north, rising four 
or five more steps to the second floor. 

At the left of the head of the stairs is a bedroom 14x15 ft., 
which is over the dining room. It has a mantle but is also heated by 
the Latrobe stove below. North of this is a large bedroom, furnished 



-17- 

with cots for the boarding students. It is over the oarlor, and also 
measures 21x16 ft. Between these two bedrooms are two closets, one 
opening into each room. On the northeast corner, the third bedroom, 
about 15 ft. square, is located. It is heated by the Latrobe stove in 
the library. To the south is a small bedroom 10x12 ft. 

The floor in the wing is lower than that of the main sec- 
tion. The wing consists of the back stairway and two rooms; the room 
towards the front is the bath, which was constructed after Charles 
Baltimore Calvert's death in 1906; the other room is a bedroom, over 
the present kitchen. 

The attic is reached by a ladder in the closet of the 
largest bedroom, northwest corner of the house, is unfinished, and is 
not even used for storage purposes. The attic is about 9 ft. high at 
the center, and it is this height for about six feet in the center. 
The roof supports are modern in appearance. The timbers at the inter- 
section of the surfaces of the roof are 8 B x3" t the next toward the cen- 
ter of each surface are 6"x3" , and the center ones which do not bear 
so much weight are 4"x3" . 

The roof is in two parts, the main portion of the house, 

and the wing. The roof of the wing is lower and not as steep as that 

of the house. The pitch of the main roof is the same in all direct- 
Zoo/ 
ions, one- half inch to the foot. The roofing material is gray slate 

and has never been replaced; it is in wonderful condition. The two 

chimneys are cement. The roof has spouts and gutters, the water 



-18- 

originally going to the cistern. 

The house was originally natural red brick color, trimmed 
in white, with green shutters. It has since been painted Colonial 
Yellow, retaining the white trim and green shutters. 

The front porch runs the length of the main section of the 
house, and is 8 ft. wide; it has white railings, and the roof, which is 
covered with tin, and ceiling are supported by four wooden posts which 
rest on four brick columns, 1 ft. square, under the floor. Seven steps, 
12 ft. wide, lead up to the porch, the other lower part being latticed. 

The circular drive, 68 ft. in diameter, in front of the 
house, has been there since the house was built. 

Behind the kitchen is the water tower, which was used when 
the well on the hillside was being punped. It is about 30 ft. high, 
and consists of a wooden tank, 8 ft. in diameter and height, supported 
by a four- legged iron framework. There is a small walk and rail around 
the tank, which is painted yellow to match the house. 

In the center, on the west, there is an old-fashioned cel- 
lar door, approximately five feet square, which is inclined at an angle 
of about thirty degrees to the horizontal. 

The writer did not notice a plaster crack or mortar crack 
of any kind. The house is as sound as the day it was finished. How 
many brick houses built today will be unaffected by sixty- six years of 
exposure to wind and rain? 



-19- 
THE BALTIMORE- WASHINGTON BOULEVARD 

Inasmuch as the Mac Alpine property is limited on the west by 
the Baltimore-Washington Boulevard, an important highway, used extensive- 
ly by Washington! ans and Marylanders as well as by nearly all visitors 
to the Nation's Capitol, a word as to its origin would not be amiss. 

Mr. George E. Calvert, Jr., of Washington, has'inhis safe a 
copy of the original Act passed December 17, 1812, entitled "An Act to 
incorporate a Company to make a Turnpike Road from the District of Col- 
umbia to the City of Baltimore". This seems to be the only record of 
this Act, because a few years ago, when the Boulevard was widened, the 
State Roads Commission was at a loss as to how to authorize the widen- 
ing. The copy was borrowed from Mr. Calvert but, in accordance with his 
wishes, was returned. The Act states that $100,000 was to be subscribed 
in shares of $50 each under the direction of: George Calvert (great- 
grandfather of George H. Calvert, Jr.), Hi chard Ross, Thomas Bowe, and 
William Fitzgeralt , at Bladensburg; Archibald Dorsey, Richard C. Stock- 
ett, John S. Belt and Thomas Lee, Jr., et McCoy's Tavern; and William Lor- 
man, Henry Payson, George Lindenberg and Jacob Giles Smith in Baltimore. 
The road was to be 60 ft. wide, 18 ft. to be artificially covered. Tolls 
were to be collected to pay for the project. Specifications as to loads 
to be carried were given, such as, that no vehicle whose wheels are under 
4 in. wide shall carry over three tons. Scales were to be erected at 
designated places to weigh the loads and insure that the limits were not 



-20- 

exceeded. If the project was not completed within ten years, the right 
was to revert to the State. 

The road, started in 1812, still follows the same route. 



-21- 



GRSAT SEAL OF IUETLAKD 




The Great Seal and Flag of Maryland are so intimately connect- 
ed the one with the other that their history is inseparable. The flag 
of the State the escutcheon of the Great Seal - the Calvert and Crossland 
arms quartered. Maryland is unique in her Great Seal, and presents a 
marked contrast with those of the other States of the American Union, in 
that it consists of Armorial bearings of a strictly heraldic character, 
while the others bear emblems indicative of agriculture and commerce, 
plenty and prosperity, or kindred subjects represented in a more or less 
pictorial or allegorical manner. 

The first Great Seal brought over by Governor Leonard Calvert 
was lost. And in 1648 Cecil Calvert sent to the Province of Maryland 
another Great Seal cut in silver. The escutcheon bore the Calvert and 
Crossland arms quartered - Alicia Crossland having been the mother of 
George Calvert, the 1st Baron of Baltimore. These quart erings were sur- 
mounted by an earl's coronet and full-faced helmet, which indicated his 
rank in America as that of a Count Palatine - his rank in England being 
that of a Baron only - a distinction which no other Colonial charter con- 
ferred. On the helmet rested the Calvert crest, a ducal crown, with two 
half-bannerets, one gold and one black. The escutcheon was supported on 



-zz- 

one side "by the figure of a. farmer, and on the other by that of a fisher- 
man - symbols of each of his estates, Maryland and Avalon. Below was a 
scroll bearing the Calvert motto: "Fatti Maschil Parole Femine" , which 
translated means "Deeds are males; words, females." Behind the escutcheons 
and coronets was engraved an ermine-lined mantle, and surrounding all, on 
a border encircling the seal, was the legend: " Scuto Bonae Voluntatis Tuae 
Coronasti Uos" , which translated means "With favor wilt thou compass us as 
with a shield." The obverse of the Great Seal represents Baron Baltimore 
as a Knight in full armor, with drawn sword and helmet decorated with 
feathers. He is mounted on a richly caparisoned charger, in full gallop, 
adorned with his paternal coat of arms, below which are engraved a strip 
of seashore, grass and flowers. Around the whole is an inscription con- 
taining his name and titles: "Cecilius Absolut is Dominus Terra Marie et 
Avoloniae Baro de Baltimore", which translated means: "Cecil, Absolute 
Lord of Mary Land and Avalon, Baron of Baltimore." The Maryland Flag was 
evidently designed and adopted by Cecil Calvert and sent out by him with 
the colony, as it was unfurled and officially used a few days after tak- 
ing formal possession of the Province, when Governor Leonard Calvert, in 
order to more forcibly impress the Indians, ordered the "Colors to be 
brought on shore" and a military parade. The Maryland Flag, like the 
Great Seal of the State, is strictly of heraldic design, being taken from 
the Calvert and Crossland arms, quartered. The Calvert colors, black and 
gold, and the Crossland colors, silver and red, while in brilliant cont- 
rast, used together, as in the flag of Maryland, are very beautiful. Sil- 



-33- 

ver "being a white metal, the white color is substituted for silver in 
Maryland flags made of bunting or silk, since about 1904, in accordance 
with the provisions of an Act of the Legislature. When painted on pan- 
els, etc., or printed in colors, however, the heraldic colors, gold and 
black, silver and gules (blood red) , should be adhered to. 



(Included with the permission of the author, 

George H. Calvert, Jr.) 



-24- 

GENEALOGY 

George Calvert, First Lord Baltimore 
Children of George Calvert 

Cecil ius, Second Lord Baltimore, Died 1675 

Leonard 

George 

Francis 

Henry 

Anna 

Dorothy 

Elizabeth 
Children of Cecil ius Calvert 

Charles, Third Lord Baltimore 
Children of Charles Calvert 

Benedict Leonard, Fourth Lord Baltimore 
Children of Benedict Leonard Calvert 

Charles, Fifth Lord Baltimore 

Benedict Leonard 

Edward Henry 

Cecil 

Charlotte 

Jane 
Children of Charles Calvert 
Benedict, Died 1788 



' -25- 

Prederick 
Louisa 
Caroline 
Children of Benedict Calvert 

Rebecca, died in infancy 
Eleanor 

M- George Parke Custis 1?74 

M-Dr. David Stuart 1783 
Charles , unmarried 
Elizabeth 

M-Dr. Steward 1780 
Edward Henry 

M-Elizabeth Briscoe 1796 
George (1768-1828) 

M-Rosalie Eugenia Stier 1799 
Philip died young 
Leonard died young 
Cecilius died young 
Sober t died young 
John unmarried 
William unmarried 
Ariana unmarried 
Children of George Calvert 

Caroline Marie, 3-1800 



-26- 

M-T. W. Morris 
George Henry, B-1803 

M-Elizabeth Stuart 1829 
Marie Louise 
Rosalie Eugenie, B-1806 

M-Cbarles Henry Carter 
Charles Benedict (1808-1864) 

M-Che.rlotte Augusta Norriss 
Henry Albert 
Marie Louise, B-1S14 

M-Dr, H. H. Stuart 
Amelia Isabelle 
Children of Charles Benedict Calvert 
George H. 

Charles Baltimore (1843-1906) 
William Iff. 
Eugene S. 
Ella 
Children of Charles Baltimore Calvert 
Eleanor, died Oct. 5, 1920 
Hester V. 
Charlotte 
Richard C. M. 
George H. , Jr. 



-27- 

Charles Baltimore 
Rosalie E. S. 
Elizabeth Stuart 



-28- 




; QOWffi 








*»"— n** J* 



RIVER DALE 



• Mn Cmtt'm* 






PASTURE 



CORN 




OBJECTS W RED NO LONGER EM ST. 



SKE TCH OF PROPER Tr *or ro sca, e. 



POACM 
14'' 6' 



PRESENT 
HI TC**M 



fiANTRr 



\ 



I 



FIRST FLOOR PLAN 

SCALE, F= 8' 



DIN/NG 

JtOOM 



HAUWAV 



PARLOR 
(CLASSROOM) 



I IBRAiir 
tr'x/f' 



PORCH 






I 
W 

o 
I 



-31- 




View of Front of House, looking West, from Crest of Hill 
Note large holly tree on left. 




wif 





View looking East from same spot, ttote Pump-House in fore- 
ground, and street-car trscks in background. Property extends 
almost to limit of vision. 



-32- 




*» 



V, 



Closer View of Front 




r i 



w 



View showing Wing and Water Tank on Left 




-33- 




View of Wing and Water Tower, looking North.. 



r 




( A3b 1m 




Looking Northwest. Note Smoke-House on Left. 



-34- 




Ruins of Old Barn, looking Northwest. 



LONGFELLO 1 
SCHOOL FOR BOYS 



Masters 

Reese Longfellov/ Sev/ell 
John Ellsvrorth Madory 
Kennetti Henry Symons 



College Fark, Maryland 



School opens the third Tuesday 

in September. 
Holidays: Thanksgiving week-end; 
ten days at Christmas; Washing- 
ton's Birthday; and a spring 
holiday of ten days. 

School closes the second Friday 
of June . 



LONGFELLOW SCHOOL FOR BOYS is located 
in the suburbs of Washington on the ex- 
tensive estate of Calvert MacAlpine . 
Here successful grade school work is 
carried on under experienced masters in 
an environment conducive to sturdy 
physique . 

The campus of the School with its two 
hundred acres of playing fields and woods 
provides opportunity for all outdoor 
sports, so necessary to the health and 
happiness of the growing boy. 

The School aims to develop each boy 
to his maximum possibilities within the 
limits of his school attendance. 

Location . - The School is a mile south 
of College Park, Maryland, on the Balti- 
more-Washington Boulevard - U.S. Route 
No. 1. Washington Railway and Electric 
cars marked Branchvillo or Beltsville 
start in Washington on G- Street at 
Fifteenth, N. I 1 /,, and stop at fchc School's 
station. The Ilyattsvillc-Laurol bus of 
the Capital Transit Company starts at 
Tenth and E. Streets, N. W. and stops 
at the entrance to the School. By road 
it is eight miles from the White House; 
a twenty minute drive. 



Environmen 
School is ido 
to avoid its 
enough to the 
its education 

The School 
atmosphere of 
simple and re 
surroundings , 
and training 



jb. - The setting for the 
al: far enough from the city 
distractions and yet close 

Nation's Capital to enjoy 
al advantages. 

seeks to maintain the 

a home. It provides a 
gular country life in Ideal 

giving the thought, care 
which parents would wish a 



boy to have. 



Religious Life * - The School is non- 
sectarian, but distinctly Christian in its 
spirit and teachings. The atmosphere is 
that of a cultured, Christian hone. 
Devotional exorcises are conducted at the 
beginning of each day. Sunday morning the 
boarding students attend church. 

Health . - Constant thought is given 
in the preparation of menus that arc not 
onlj healthful and appetizing but are 
free from the usual routine monotony of 
school life. 

Care is taken to prevent colds and 
contagion. Boys arc inspected before 
going out to play to sec that they use 
proper clothing and foot-wear. Each 
boy's hoalth is observed and pains 
taken to give him such caro as his 
parents might wish. 



Discipline . - The 
do right and obey the 
stringent discipline i 
understand that the ru 
must bo obeyed, and th 
of course regulations 
produce resentment. 

The repair or repl 
property damaged by a 
for by the boy rcspons 
known, the cost is pro 
students . 



boys are expected to 
rules. The need for 
s rare . Students 
los of the School 
oy accept as a matter 
which at home would 

acement of School 
student must be paid 
ible; if ho is iin- 
-rated among all 



Admission. - The School requires no 
examination for admission, but standard 
achievement tests are given to deter- 
mine the grade to which each boy must 
be assigned. 

Classification is at no time on a 
rigid basis. Boys nay be moved up or 
down a grade, according to effort and 
accomplishment, or bo transferred, 
in individual subjects, to the class 
best suited to their ability and effort 

The School program covers the first 
eight grades. The school year is 
divided into three terms: fall, winter 
and spring. These terms are separated 
by the Christmas and spring vacations. 



Instruction . - All boys are in- 
structed by men. The individual is 
Biado the basis in every department of 
the school work, and each student re- 
ceives such attention and extra in- 
struction as will enable him to make 
the most satisfactory progress. 
Special stress is laid upon teaching 
the boy correct methods of study. 

The masters make it their object 
to have the boys do thoroughly the 
work each day. Various devices are 
employed to accomplish this end. 
Frequent reviews and written tests 
are hold. 

Examinations arc held in all 
subjects at the end of the first and 
second terms, on the work of those 
terms, and at the end of the year, 
on the work of the yoar. Results of 
these examinations are kept on file, 
and a copy mailed to parents. A 
report on daily work is sent to parents 



at the end of each month. 

Promotions are based upon the daily 
work of tho pupils, and upon the exam- 
inations . 

The courses parallel those offered 
by the r ,'ashington Public Schools. The 
School vrelcories queries regarding course 
content, textbooks in use, methods, and 
other pertinent questions. The work of 
each boy being essentially individual, 
there is no attempt to present this in- 
formation here. 

Expenses . - The tuition charges follow: 

Year Month 



Resident students 
5-day students 
Day studcrts 



:, ? 360 
315 
180 



35 
20 



Tuition includes textbooks. The 
resident and 5-day student rates include 
laundry; day students are served their 
noon day meals. 

The annual tuition may be paid in nine 
equal monthly payments in advance. 
At tie beginning of the school year a 
deposit of -,-10 is required of each 
student to cover chargeable damages 
done to school property. 

The school is owned and operated by 
masters interested in offering to 
!:ashingtonians the advantages of a 
private school education at an exceed- 
ingly moderate rate. 



Daily Schedule :- 



7.30 


Rising 


8.00 


Breakfast 


8.45 


Room Inspection 


8.55 


Day students arrive 


9.00 


Devotional Exercises 


9.15 


Classes 


12.30 


Dinner 


1.30 


Classes 


3.30 


Sports 


4.30 


Day students leave 


5.30 


Baths 


6.00 


Supper 


7.00 


Evening study or reading 


7.30 


Lights out - Juniors 


8.30 


All lights out 


Outfit,- Every resident pupil must 



provide bed clothes for a single bed. 
The following articles are necessary: 
Three woolen blankets, three sheets, 
one pillow, and two pillow slips. He 
should also bring half dozen large 
bath towels, bathrobe, house slippers, 
toilet articles, raincoat, overshoes, 
and the necessary clothing for fall 
and winter wear. All articles should 
be indelibly marked; woven name tapes 
are recommended. 



Summary . - Longfellow School, within 
twenty minutes of most Washington 
homes, offers the advantages of 
country life to city boys at the best 
possible price consistent with 
f inane i al s oundne s s . 

Telephone : Greenwood 2242 



References :- A satisfied and enthusiastic 
patronage Is one of the very best testimonials 
that a school can offer the public. The work 
of the Longfellow School for Boys is of such 
personal character that from the very beginning 
cf our v/ork we have come into intimate personal 
relationship with our patrons. Practically all 
of our patrons have written us personally, some 
of them repeatedly, to express their entire 
satisfaction with results accomplished and with 
the methods employed in carrying on the v/ork of 
the School. It would be a pleasure and privi- 
lege to furnish a prospective patron with names 
of present and former patrons living nearby. 



-36- 

SLBLIOGRAPHY 

Becords at the County Court House, Upper Marlboro. 

The Baltimore Sun. 

Tirfcus: American Genealogies. 

Neill: Maryland History. 

Thesis No. 64, "The History and Construction of the Cal- 
vert Mansion in Biverdale, Maryland" , E. H. Swick 

Personal Help from: 

Mr. George H. Calvert, Jr., Washington 
Mr. and Mrs. Thomas H. Spence, College Parle 
Mr. E. L. Sewell, Longfellow School for Boys 
Mr. George W. Fogg, U. of M. Library