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Full text of "The history and construction of the Baltimore Cathedral at Cathedral and Mulberry Streets, Baltimore, Maryland / a thesis prepared by Edward Kaminski."

TH^ HISTORy AND CONSTRUCTION OF THK; BALTIM JRt^ CATHT^DRAL 



AT 



CATHEDRAL AND -MULBT^RRY STR"^^TS 



BALTIMORT^, MARYLAND 



A THESIS PR^PART^D BY 



VimiAKD KMflNSKI 



FOR INITIATION INTO TH^ B^TA CHAPTT^R OF MARYLAND 



OF TAU B^TA PI 



NATIONAL HONORARY ENniN^T^RIN^r FRAT^^Rilv I TY 



APRIL 27, 1934 



SIPi'?' ART 

HISTORY OF T^t^ CATHt^lDRAL. • • .1-5 

CONB'^RUf^TION OF TH'^ CATHT^IDRAL . 6-11 

SK'^T'^W'^S AMD DIAH-RAT.'S 12-lS 

RIRLIOGRAPHY 19 



1 



SUMMARy 

The purpose of this thesis Is to present a clear and 
Interesting account of the history and ronptructlon of the first 
Cnthollr- '^Pthedral in the United States, located at Cathedral 
pnd Mulherry streets, Baltl'^ore, Maryland. 

Maryland at the present time is celebrating i+s 30Tth 
aAniversery am^d the s-lory of her historic buil dines which hi"ve 
since made their deslfrners famoMF. 

Amnnp the moFt famous, Is the Catholic Cathedral, Con- 
F + ruction of the Cathedral vipe heprun in l^Ofi, hut the plans for 
the Oath'=dral date ba^^k to 1^03. Provisions for t>^e buildlnpr of 
a Catholic Cathedral in the United Sta + es were made 1n the hull 
of Pnne Pius- VI in 17^^. The funds for the buildin" were de- 
rived from two soumes; out of the r'nurr-h treasury, and by means 
of lotteries. Three lotter^ep wn'^e held; one at the outset of 
constru'^tl on in 1^00, another in 1^12 due to the denress^on of 
1*^11 which oreceried the i^nr of l'^12, and a third beid in 1^19 for 
the comoletion of the "^athedral. 

T'he architect v.'as 'Renlamin H, La + rohe, a well knov/n Br- 
chiter-t of that time. ^Te vas enfraped in the re-deslpn and ex- 
er-ution of the Capitol a+ Washin^rton, nnd he was Surveyor of 
Public Bulldinp-s under President Jefferson. The stone for the 
hulldlns: was auarried In ^llicott City anci transported to the 
buildinc site by ox -dravm carts. This was a slow and tedious 
process . 

'T'he three builders, Carroll, Latrobe and Marechal were 



f SUHWAra: (continued) 



lonpr In their ptbvp.s before the 0?thedrsl W8S free of debt. A 
celebration was held In 1^76 by Arr-hl bishop Bayley vthen the f^npl 
debts were nald. 

The desire for a new Ipthollf ^Rthedrfl by the C.sth^l^ C9 
^^r^ npitlmore, hps been f^re^t but due to the flnrnr^al di f ^1 pu1 t ^ ep , 
t^lp depire hnp been temDor'=irll. ">' abandoned. 



I 



-1- 

HI STORY OF TH-^ CATHEDRAL 

Three hundred ye^rF ^n^o the '-irp.pent plte of the Rn].t1- 
more CathedrPl W8S oerhans n n'ood hunt^ncr frround for the IndlanR 
w^o ronmed flbout whirh was then p thlcklT- wooded nrea. Ahout 
1652 the Indians ffsve up this site to the white m«n and oushed 
fprther Into the h^lle. In 1672, tv^o hundred acres of land was 
leaped to Edward Lunn b^f the Lord .Proprietors of ?\'arviand for an 
onnuaT rental of elcht sh^/'llno'p. Thip ^raft of land vffls 'k'^ovrn 
on the polon^al maoR of that time, ae "Lunn's Lot" and in^^ludf^d 
thfi nrepent Cathedr,'^! rrroundE. On .Tvine 5, 1^^^, this trar>t of 
land v.-f'p nurnhased by Creorpe Eaper Howard, Jr., the P'r?'ndfa+her 
of •Tohn "^jP^p.r Howard, f^aryland'f? Revolutionary War hero, for 
5,000 nounds of tob^nro from ^d'^ard Lunn. 

In 17"^0, the alte of Balti/^ore fonslsted of sixty aorea 
of land: hounded on the north by wh-at 1p now the eouthwept corner 
of St. Paul and Saratoora. streets and extending to the Basin on the 
south, now Gal^'ert and Lombard streets. These slxt^' af^res were 
divided uo Into sixty lots of one acre each and sold at the orlce 
of '=^10. 00 ryer pirvpi. This tract did not attain the d^cnlty of a 
county seat until 175'^, and as far as I'^Ol, the northwest ex- 
tremity of the city limits ws the St. Peter's Pro-Cathedral on 
little Sham street. In 1^16, the r^ty limits were chanered so 
as to i-iclude the Cathedral souare wh^r-h was outside of tbe city 
limits. There were very few householders scattered about In th^s 
wide vfiTipe and it ^s ^n this smp]l strurplinp- community of hardy 



-2- 
HISTORy OF THT52 CATH^.DRAL 

Rettlers that our early hlFtory of worship has to dRal with. 

In the year 1752, the town of Raltln->re had about two 
hundred inhabitants. In T775j there wpre shout 6,000 Inhabitants; 
In 17T0, there were l'^,000 ^n^ahltante; and In 1^00, there were 
26,000 Inhabitants. In the census taken In 170S by the E=herlffs 
of the f^ountles there were 40,000 neonle \n the state of "aryland. 
There were aporoxl mately 2,"i75 Oatholl'^F, fifty-three of whom 
"lived ^r^ Bflltlmore county; there were five nrlests in the entire 
ptste. The number of Cathollrs in tVie United States numbered 
25,000 in 1^75. Fifteen thousand, inoTudinp- +>iree hundred ne- 
f?roeF belonged to f'srylsnd: ' there were twenty-f1ve nrlests In 
the United States at this time, and nineteen nrlests were In T^'ary- 
land. 

In I'^O'^, there were two Bishops and slxty-elp-ht nrlests 
and only one Cathol Ir to every r1 xt^i^-ei R-ht Protestants In the 
eountrv. 

Little Is 'iTnown of the early history of Cathnl i r>iprn in 
Baltimore, '^ut there are pome Incidents which pfand out 'irlmarlly 
benPUBe t^ey were not eapilv forgotten bv thip claPF which strusr- 
rled for reii(3-lo\jF freedom. In a roionjr which npo established by 
tbe rjntholips Pnci p-rew un to ■nower and han^^lnePF under the (govern- 
ment of '^atholins; the Catholl*^ wan +'oe only victim of rellerlouF 
Intolerance. In 17^4, there was an art nassed whereby It was a 
oenal offense, ounlshable by fine and ImTrlsonment, for a bishop 
or orlest of the Cathollr' .rhurch to say mapF, or to perform any 



1 



-3- 

HISTOR^' OP TH^ CATH^D^J^L 

other offices of the Catholic church. 

By Eviheeouent lefflslstl. on, Cpitholio nrlepts were all ov- 
ed to p'^^ftroiFe t^^^ir fuT^tlons ^n prlvs + e homep. Out of this 
nr1v1lep-e prew the cuptom of ereotinf? chsnels in the hotie of si'hr 
Ootholle fernllv where Catho^icB ml.rrh.t cather to exercise t^eir 
rol^p-inn. Ther-e w^f not a oubllr- rathoT-ic Church In the ^roviT^e 
of ''ar't'lPTid "before IT'^T, v^bi the £t. Peter'?. Pro-Cathedral was 
erer>ted in Baltimnre at '-jorthves t Saratoga and Little Sharp 
Ftreets. A l^t for the ouroofie vas donated hy Charlep Carroll 
of '^arrollton, and on the northvept s^de of 1. 1 a vp-py ola^n >-r1 r^V" 
hulld^ne" vap ^rof^tf^d, the d i -^enFlonp of thlF structure wpf nhout 
?5'X?5'. T^© f'hurch f^tood on' the ^repent Fife of Calvert Hall, 
a' Catholic School for ho^'p, on Cathedral and Kulherrv r-tr'^ets. 
T^ne hundincf wap F + ar"^od, and vhen l.t wpf almoet comolet^d, the 
man v'^o vag in '^'^^vrre of the hu^ldlnr f a 11 pd 1n hUFinoFP and the 
Ij-rt to St, pptor-'p p-po-Ca thedral "v-'^f turned ov^r to the chief 
i^red^tor. The church remained eloped until about l'^74 or 1 "^^^ . 

The storv con'^-ected with the reooen^np- of the '^afnedr^l 
If t'nat t'^^ere war a sma'' 1 volunteer oofioany of soldier? on t^el r 
vip^' to Ylrp-lnia, ptonned in Baltimore (1775), Su.nday morning, 
p.o^le of the poldlerF arked for oermipFion to po to r-hurch, "^he 
■^vVioi e ^omo^n"" decided to fro, and on fin^inf ItF doors (^loFed, 
^pynV]ric\ +0 t,io p /^r>f^-'^ 1 t orp ''"lOUFP pY\r'i demanded the '■ ov to frj" '^'^urch. 
On seelnp: the body of polcl'erF outside, and fefrlnn- t^at t^ey b,qd 
f'orno to arrept hirn, he handed ov^r toe key in'it'-out del py when he 



-5- 
HISTORV OP "TH^ CATHEDRAL 

y'l rher i^lfPB of the fit'"', «nci pf + sr p few annealF from the ■oRpt^r, 
fi^e rernplndf^r vpf BUDnllRd. i^ie lot v^p nurr'h?^Fei , the ■oro'irlf-'tor 
hpvinp' In f'onpld'^rption the ournose of the nurf^hape, reduned the 
nr1 re to 3?5,000, from the orl.iPlnpl ori'^e PF^ed. On I'prrh 11, I'^O'^, 
four months before the lay1.npr of the nornerptone , the Trustees c?e- 
r-icled thnt the Flte for the Intended Cnthedr^l P>iould ""^e the lot 
hounded on the ■north hy Franklin street, on the enpt hy Chsrlep 
ptreet, on the v°outh hy ?''ulberr"'r street, Pr\r{ on the vest b;"^ a 
rtreet 66' vlrie, to he onened from T/ni herr;"" to Pran"kl^n ptreet. 

The prl'^e PF.ked hy the owner, '^oToner Tohn "^ar^er Hov- 
pr'-T, wap ^20,571.60. One fifth of the amount wap to he naid 
January, 1 , "1^07, the remainder in four, f^^^e, srx an'' ppvi^n 
veare, hear^ no* interest from Anr^l 1^07, 

No better site roulri have b<^en fhopen, acf^ordlip- to 
f'ne toriof-raohl Furv^ir made o-f the r>1 t;"'; the height of the Cath- 
edral q-ro'md above mean Iot water, ^elnp 115*, or 15' htprher 
than the base of the r-ol umn of the T>ashtnnrton monument. It 1° 
one of the hip-hest nolntF ^n the city, and one of the few lo- 
("all ties from whlnh vater v^.ll flow to all fo'ir points of the 
rompaps. It vap der'ided to eell the nt^^r pro'iertv be^onr^inp" 
to the church ptii-} ustnfr the prooeedp for the conetruotlon of 
the N«w Cathedral, 

before the arrulel. tlon of t'-^lB P^te, Fteos had been 
taken by the Truptees to pather funrip for the proposed Cathedral. 
In l^O?, follovinp- a -oleapant f'UPtom of the tire, they poonsor^d 



^ 



-6- 
C ON STRUCT I ON OF TH'': CATHEDRAL 

a lottery hnFed unon the sale nf 21,000 t^ckpts at olO.OO eprh. 

Spvon t^ouFsnrl, one hundred and f1.fty-four t^ r'kPitR drew prizes 

f^n<^ l'^,'^4^. were hlankn.. The flr^t r^r^ 7.f^ v^pp ^20,000, the sen- "^ > 

^nd ^10,000, find the-^e were 2 third nri zes of ''1.5, 000 esch. Tien _, ' 

^nme nurTier-o'iF awards of vnrlons fuitie (none 1 epp thnn ?15,Oi'5o) un- 

tM , to the laF+ ticket drnwn went a booby or^ "e of Ip2,000, Thus 

the entire sum Fubpcrlbed wpf returned, the Oathedrsl orofltinc 

only by a 15;o deduction from eT-h ^rl.ze whl rh netted, after sil 

axnenpep had been rjald, 5s30,000. Ab Tuck would ha^re tt, Bl Fhop 

^P'l^roll won first nrl^e ?nd 1 Tidied lately presented It to the 

h\ii "1 d"' np f ').nd . 

The first s+en toward the actual 00ns tru^t ion of the 
Cathedral wps fs'-'en in 1*^04, when Blshoo Carroll sent a sketch 
of t^e nronoped ediflr-e to Benjamin H. Latro'he. L^t-pobe cr^f^- 
i^ised the fifty-four f'ot u'nns of the Corinthian order ^^lled for 
1 v^ +be draw^np, renark^nc that they alone voui d post some vf[54,000. 
At the sane time, he offer^^d his own pe^^v^rea w1 tbout ^harpe, as 
yjpp Tnis nra^tlfe in the design of churches and educational insti- 
tutions. The Bishoo accepted his offer. 

In April 16, 1^05, La t robe sent two plans to the Bishop. 
The first v/ae a Cathedral in the G-.thln style, the second was a 
Cathedral In Roman Ft^rle. The difference in ex'oense of thf two 
belnp- In favor of the la + tpr. Both conld be erected praduallv. 
The second nl an was adopted, but the main features rere sub- 



-7- 

m 

CONSTRUCTION OF TH^. CATHEDRAL 

jeoted to mnny changes 'before the com-nletlon of the Cgthedrpl. 
Mr. LBtrohe, In his letter of March 5, I'^OB, refers to seven de- 
sifrns that he hfid nreoa red. Nothlnp- hut lar>k of funds oMisated 
the Trustees to rnake r^hpinfrep. In J.'r. Lp + robe's plans. 

On the morn^npf o^ July 7, i906, Btshon Carroll oret^eded 
"by n p^oropplon of eccleslppti i^s snd folloved hy half the town, 
In^d the nm'^rFtone. The ororeedlnfrs were (^ondunted with the 
prrea + est pomp. The ffatherlnr of Catholl. 0=, and even Protest- 
antp, WRS -imrTiense; the whole o'tf^r had her-ome 'ntnrested 'n the 
pv^pr-tinn of a huLldlnp- recrarded as a preat ornament to Baltl- 
Tiore. From that day, the Cathedral nrofreeped rao^dly until the 
denress-1 --in of 1*^11 that nrereded the war of 1^12, 

On y.py 6, 1*^12, it was announced that a lottery would 
he held fnr the nurpose o^' comoletincr the Cathedral. Twenty- 
five thousand tickets at ^10. DO each were issued, and 15^ of 
+he amount thus raised to he appropriated for the church, while 
the remainder wap to he diptrihuted in orir'es. Vore mnnev visf 
needed before the Cathedral vp^ ^^rnnleted in 1^21. On ri'ay 12, 
I'^io, another "p-rand lottery" for the ourn^pe of complete n^ t'^e 
Cathedral was held. Twelve thousand, five hundred tickets were 
to "^-e iFPued at S-^O.OO e^ph, 575(010 of the amount raised vps 
to he used for the benefit of the Cathedral, and ^425,000 vpp 
to he distributed as nrizes. (The final nost of the Cathedr'^1 
iP said to have h-^en 1225,000.) 

Ploddinp: ox teams hauled blocks of p-ranite from a 



CONSTRUCTION OF TH^ CATHEDRAL 

ouprry near "lH'^ott C1.ty to the oreEent Bite of Cathedral and 
Mul "berrv streftts v-her>e the church wps >'einp; huilt. T'le Cathedral 
riBB hullt In the form of a crop p. 

From the Intersection of the arms vl+h the hody of the 
nrnsF and Funnorted by nillars of cTrresnond^nc v^ize and form, 
BpriifTp a p-re^t dO'ne--207' 1n c^ rcunrf eren'^e internal!;"'-, and 2^1' 
external !■". Circular calFFon;?, ornpmentftd with roFettes and de- 
npoPFinc 85 the-'^ an'^ro-'^ch the vertex, relieve the pamenepp of t^e 
internal Furfoi^e of the dc^e and terminate at the onenlnp in the 
center of a dome 72' In cl rcurnferenf^e. Above this Is the exter- 



nal 


dome ^n whi **h w1ndov.'s are so 


prranrred that vh 


lie floods of 


1 1 r'l 


t fTush throu-h the o^^enlnfr. 


the 


means of Vntro 


ductlon are 


not 


seen from below. Between ea 


nh 


of the Fumortn 


of the orin- 


cina 


1 dome, snrinf/s an elUptlca 


1 a 


rch that forme 


the outer 1 Ine 


of a 


Bm«11er dome a+ the he^d of 


th 


<= nross which 1 


s supoorted by 


six 


lontc oillars. The trlanrrul 


PT 


Foa^es between 


t>ie circular 


and 


souare external rail behind 


the 


re^eFF of the 


main altar are 


used 


ap. vestry room? and gacrlFt 


rv. 


The left arch 


, under the 


nia1 n 


dome, runs hp^V to the extr 


em 1 


t'^'' of thpt arm 


of the cross 


^nd 


covers the orcran frail ery vhi 


ch 


repts on an Ion 


1c colomnade, 


and 


co-^tains pn or^an by far the 


larcfevOt In the United States.-- 


Tt h 


fs 6,000 pipes and 30 F.toos, 










The onnoslte arch con+a 


inF 


two pnliRries, 


one above the 


other: the lower belns suooorted 


in 


a pimilnr manner. Circular 


ctn^ie F t ri 1 ri^j^ F ep 1 pps'I fnom thip 


na r" 


+ '^f the church 


to the fral- 



-9-. 
CONSTRUCTION OF TH15 CATH7.DRAL 

lerles. On either side of the p-rand pltsr If p large n^che In 
wh^ph ^ re marble sltprs for the usupl rturposep. of worphlo. There 
1. F p raRhoR-sny raillnp- ex+endlnff the whole width of the church 
phout the altars. Turninpr from the ^Itar find orooeedinfr from the 
nrtrr^i.n"! entrano^, we find three divlglonp opentnp from the 
p-rand dome. The nrlnr'^ pal one Is pov^red "by two punr>eedinff domes; 
a Iprper and o smeller dome, Funnorted "by nlllprs si'nilpr to t^ope 
of the erre.^t dome. 

Prom theFe domes, prches onen upon the side piplep form- 
inp p'round srrhfis, '->enePth wh^ch are pIx Inrpe windows (l6*X6*), 
three on either side, which llp'ht this part of the bulidlnp:. 
Over the nrlnr^lnsl entrpn^^e Is p p-=iiery Runported hy fivp. ionic 
columns, correspond! n(? to those thst surround the niche of the 
frrpnd alter pt the falter jextremlty of t>ie chur<^h, and the per- 
sne'-'ti.ve of the side aisles Is tern^n^^ed hy two olct'ires,* a 
fTlft of Charles X of Frsnce. 

There p-re two bells sl^n^lar in desl^-n though not In 
F^ze, The larp-e bell Is 4' hi ch and velp-hs about two tons. It 
Is decorated w^ th medallions, one deplct^np* t^e Cms If Ictlon, 
t>o other Madona ^nd thp. Child; surroundinp- it are six bands of 
hp=autiful tracery. The smsl] bell Is 2' ^n heleht and Is decor- 
Rted In the same manner. These belle were imnorted from Prance. 

Durlnc the course of years, many changes have been made 
pnd the Cathedral has been In the hands of decorators a number of 
tifTies. In the administration of Archlblshop "ccleston (1^3^-1^51) 



-10- 

COITSTRUCTION OF TH^ CATHEDRAL 

the aroViteBnlFcoTjal •r(=>p\6finre tpp. comol e + Rd, the second tov'er 
vaB ererted, and exterior and interior rleror^ti.ons were pdied. 

In 1^40 the Iron '^all^np', desipned by R. Carey Lonsr, 
p nro"iinent Baltimore ^rnhlte^'^t, w^f Dialled about the '^p+hedral 
croundp to nrotect 1t from ==tray nlprs f^nd (?ows. In ] ^63 the 
r,ovt\ro wap sdded under the direction of ^ben Fnxon, an arehl- 
tent, V 

A thoroup-h renovation of the building wbf undertaken 
durlnrf the administration of Archlblphon Soaldinpr (1^64-1^72). 
Eiprht marble tablets, commemorative of the deceased Archi - 
b^Rhons, were pet in the walls . A larre clock of French manu- 
facture was nlai-'ed In the southern tower In the i5or1 np- of 1*^56, 
7ast Improvements were made ^n the interior arranffements of the 
Cathedral as a reF.ult of the forenip-ht and artistic sense of 
the late Cardinal (ribbons. The snnctuar;"- had become too small 
■f*or the la tor day ceremonies of the church. The Cardin^'l en- 
gineered very Fk^llfullv the Tenp-theninr of the hepd of the 
rros^B toward the Cardinals residence, and built on the nartly 
hidden north pide of th^s eion^'ntlnn, a new saf^rlF + rv (1^'^5) 
construf^ting the additions of granite aIpo obtained from the 
■^illifott '^iti'- auarrv wbirh Fuoolled the ori ffinal stones. 
Amonp- other chances mad^ bv Cardinal Cribbons was the chapel 
built under the bi£?h altar, where now reoose the remalna of 
Arch^h^Fhon Carroll, ?j:arechal, Y.hitfield, Kenr^ck, and Spald- 
ing. In I'l'arch 1^'^5, pl^'^ns ver'P 'considered "^or li-'tin''^ the 



1 



-11- 

CONSTRUCTION OF THE CATHEDRAL 

Cathedr-'^l "by electricity. The pewe were renewed in 1'306. 

Archl.bl shon F1 nhsel J. Curley re^^elved the appoint- 
ment to the See of Baltimore In l'^21-~ four months af+er the 
death of Cfirrl 1.nnl fjlbbons. Under hip direction, further im- 
nrovementf: have "been made, and the moFt modern method f of 
liffVitinP" and he^tlnp- adopted; the 1 nf!t»T lati on of dietri r^t 
steam hee^^'^P' "heinjr the latePt F + en. 

tVhen the cornerptone of the Gethedral wae laid ^n 
10 06, It wfip in the center of the dletrl. '-•t where resided the 
wealth and social life of Baltimore. In l.«ter vearp, the trend 
of residential life hap ^noved Ftepdily northward, and the dis- 
trt'^t y;flc \B.Tftely taken up with huslneBF. houFPF. This ^bs 
thre.'^te'^ed to el^mln-'^te moF+ of t^e oaripbonerF and consecuenf y 
brought abou^ a decl'^ne ^n Income. 

At first tt was decided to build a new Cathedral to re- 
nippp the old Ftructure, but v-Vien the dl ff i cu"* tl ep wh^ch we^e en- 
i^ounte^'ed in bulldini? the first Cathedral were r'=called, and th= 
n recent condition n^ the i^hur^^h t r'f^.npur""' , t^e ^dea bap been +em- 
^or.'i.r'i 1 V abandoned. 

Apart from its pfb, the Cathedral is one of tbe n^t'^^'s 
most imnoFine- structures, and It nlaln ^reecl an--Ion1 c des^ p-n 
has aroused the admiration of artis + s and archite^'tR +he world 
over. 



Jf'lfWf' 



"^w 



^ 



,iw:*JL\V 






i 'li^A. 







H ! 



THE EARLY DESIGN FOR THE WEST FRONT OF THE CATHEDRAL 
Showing the small towers Latrobe planned, and the porticos on the north and south sides 



.^^^ 



I 



-13- 




A GOTHIC CATHEDRAL WHICH WAS REJECTED 
The west front of a type proposed as alternative to the Romanesque plan 



-14- 




A CROSS-SECTION OF THE PROPOSED GOTHIC. EDIFICE 
Showing the choir and transept of the rejected design 



-15- 




THE ORIGINAL LATROBE DRAWINi^ 
It wtt for the soutli front of the Cathedral as originally planncij 



-16- 



When The Catholic Cathedral 
Towered Above The City 




TN the above i;liuli;sidph Uk Cathe- 
■*■ dial seems to occupy in the Bal- 
timore of 1S39 the towering position 
among the dwellings of the wealthi- 
est part of the city that it always will 
hold in tlie Catholic sentiment of 
the country. The steel engraving 
from which the photograph was 
taken shows the "fountain head of 
organized Catholicity'' in America in 
the center of the populous parish, 
the residents of which have beeonie 
so few that Archbishop Michael J. 
Curlcy has felt it necessary to start 
an endowment fund for the main- 
tenance of the building. 
Buried under the dome of the 



church are seven of the prelates who 
have served as heads of the archdioc- 
ese from 1789, when the Vtry Eev- 
erend John Carroll, the first bishop 
in the United States, was commis- 
sioned by the Pope to build the 
church, to 1921, when James Cardi- 
nal Gibbons was buried there. 

Although plans have been drawn 
for a new cathedral to be built on 
Charles Street avenue, it is neces- 
sary to insure with some kind of an 
endowment the continuance as a 
parish church of the 123-year-»ld 
shrine at Cathedral and Mulberry 
streets. 



-IB- 
Plan OF THE Baltimore Cathedral 
Scale l"-30' 



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BIBLIOCI^P'-TY 

ATKINSON'S SATURDAY WKNI^f'", POST— PHILADTTa^P^'IA: AUWST 11, 1^32 

TH^ BALTIMORE SUN OFFICE SUNDAY SUN: MARCH 26, 1^3^ 

TH^ BALTIMORE NE^^-'S AND POST OFPI^i: BALTI''ORt<: N^V;S : NOV. 10, 1Q27 

A VI^V OF BALTIK0RS--SI0CIS5AT 

THT^ CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA VOL. 2 -- ASSIZE --BROTO 

POVffiR PI'^TORIAL OF ThTTT] DISTRICT STEAJ' SERVICE 

MR. FI'^'^PATRICK -- EDITOR OF THE BALTIMORE CATHOLIC REVIEV* 

REV, H. A. QUINN OF THE BALTIB'ORE CATHEDRAL CHURCH