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Full text of "The Holocaust - Made in Russia"

The Website of Carlos 
Whitlock Porter 

Statement of Purpose 
About the Author 



Book Reviews 



MADE IN RUSSIA - THE HOLOCAUST 



Search this site 



Search 



INTRO PART 1 PART 2 PART 3 PART 4 (APPENDIXES) \_ 

II III IV V 



INDEX TO BOOK 



"Carlos Porter's lengthy Made in Russia: The Holocaust... [is] a compilation of the dozens of 

allegedly incredible or implausible 
Holocaust claims advanced by the Allies - particularly the Soviets - at the International 

Military Tribunal... [the book] contains 
photocopies and photographs of hundreds of pages of the trial transcripts and documents 
accepted as exhibits, allowing the reader to see for himself just how irrational some of the 

claims were." 
Joel S.A. Hayward, THE FATE OF THE JEWS IN GERMAN HANDS, p.197 

OTHER COMMENTS: 
"Porter is humorous, sarcastic and bitter..." "The site is cleverly constructed..." 

NOTE: The Nuremberg Trial transcript is on-line at the Yale University Avalon Project, but 
arranged by "days" (up to 50 pages per day); it does not retain the original pagination. The 
trial volumes in book form ("Trial of the Major War Criminals", 42 volumes IMT, 15 volumes 

NMT, 8 volumes "Nazi Conspiracy and Agression") are available from www.wshein.com , 



reprinted, on acid-free paper, complete, hardcover. Please note that the NMT are extracts only, 
and that "Nazi Conspiracy and Agression" is more or less worthless. For the complete NMT 

trials, one should contact the National Archives and purchase the microfilm: National 
Archives and Records Administration, 8601 Adelphi Rd., Room 2400, College Park, MD 20740- 

6001 USA, tel.: 001-301-713-7250, fax: 001-301-713-7482. The Nuremberg Trial Commission 
transcript (which has otherwise disappeared) is contained in ten bound volumes at the Dodd 

Collection, University of Connecticut. 

Articles 



Letters Page 

Buy book/Video 

FAQ 

Other Revisionist Sites 



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MADE IN RUSSIA - THE HOLOCO$T 

CONTRIBUTIONS 

NOTE: Almost nothing on this website is copyright and most items may be reproduced 

without restriction. 

CARLOS W. PORTER 

HOW TO HELP US FOR NOTHING 

Look up the home page of a search engine and look for "Submit Site". 



Then, instead of entering the name of the site, " WEBSITE OF CARLOS WHITLOCK PORTER", 

and the address " www.cwporter.com ", enter the NAME OF YOUR FAVORITE PAGE OR 

ARTICLE, WITH THE WEBSITE ADDRESS AND EXTENSION. 



For example: BASH PEOPLE'S BRAINS IN A WITH PEDAL-DRIVEN BRAIN-BASHING MACHINE 

as the "name of the site", and the extension www.cwporter.com/pg1 5.htm as the address of the 

"site". (This one is already there, and is very popular: just search for "bash people's brains in" on 

www.google.com ). 

This very often works. This is how the Nizkoprophagists cram the search engines with all their 

mendacious junk, repeated fifty times over, sometimes with only very minor variations in the name of 

the files (YALE EDEIKEN ON CARLOS PORTER, THE FORENSIC SINS OF CARLOS PORTER, 

etc. etc. blah blah blah for ten pages) while your website (or mine) only appears once or twice. 

In this case, to reply, enter the following: where it says, SUBMIT SITE, you enter: WAR CRIMES 

TRIALS (WITH ANSWER TO YALE EDEIKEN). Where it says, ADDRESS OF SITE, enter: 
www.cwporter.com/wctrial.htm (NOT html: some are htm, while others are html -- be careful). 

The search engines often think that every article is a different "website". This junk has to be 
resubmitted about every three months. Use your imagination and post your favorites. 

CARLOS W. PORTER 

JAN 25, 2002 



The Website of Carlos Whitlock Porter 

STATEMENT OF PURPOSE 

Adolf Hitler said that people will doubt the truth of a small lie, but never a big one. He went on to say that the 
first and foremost practitioners of this technique have always been the Jews . Of course, this part of the 
quotation is forgotten — deliberately amputated (but always with plenty of anaesthesia). 

Proof of the truth of this contention, including the last four words, is that the so-called Holocaust itself is not 
only the biggest "Big Lie" in history, but probably the stupidest as well. One might just as well say that people 
will doubt the truth of an intelligent lie, but never a stupid one — and the stupider the better. 

For example: if you tell your wife that you're working late at the office instead of drinking with your friends (or 

worse), she'll know it's a lie. 

But if you tell her that Adolf Eichmann witnessed "blood spurting in little geysers from a mass grave" 

[Christopher Browning, FATEFUL MONTHS, Essays on the Emergence of the Final Solution, Holmes & 

Meyer, NY, 1985, p. 24], she'll probably believe it. 

What's more, if you tell her it's all a load of crap and that geysers are caused by volcanic heat turning water to 

steam in rock: what could cause a geyser of blood in a mass grave? — she'll probably get indignant. "Cruel 

monster! Heartless beast! " 

The Holocaust is a universe of lies. It used to be thought that the Big-Lie of the Holocaust lie-universe was 
only SIX MILLION lie-years across. But with improved research technology, scientists now believe it to be 
infinitely larger, with Six Million hitherto unknown Holocaust lie-galaxies being discovered on an almost daily 
basis. 

Among the scientific research tools providing scientists with an ever-expanding knowledge of the infinite 
breadth and variety of the Holocaust lie-universe — with its Black Holes stuffed full of forgotten Holocaust Big- 
Lie sub-universes — is the Internet. 

The essential purpose of this site is to reproduce Nuremberg Trial documents in the form of graphics , exactly 
as they appear in the typeset pages of the Nuremberg Trial transcript or in the photocopies available only 
from the archives. . 

Most of these documents have never appeared in book form. 

In every case, the entire page has been scanned. 

We do not retype them. 

We do not reproduce single sentences taken out of context. 

We want you to see exactly what they look like. 

We do not want you to take our word for it. 

We do not want you to take our word for anything, we want you to confirm it for yourself. 

It is our desire that the site should be of documentary interest, even to persons who do not share our point or 

view, or even persons who take no interest in the subject. 

We want this site to be of serious documentary research value. Many of these documents are only available to 

persons with access to large law research libraries, and even then, often with very great difficulty. 



It should be pointed out that "Nuremberg Document VII 377" means, in reality, volume VII of the Nuremberg 

trial transcript (commonly known as the International Military Tribunal, or IMT), page 377. 

Another — more correct — way of abbreviating this is IMT VII 377. 

If you write to the archives and say, "Send me a copy of Nuremberg trial transcript, vol. VII, p. 377", they won't 

know what you mean. So, if you want to check it out, ask for "Trial of the Major War Criminals, International 

Military Tribunal, United States Government Printing Office, 1947, volume VII, page 377". 

They will send you a copy of the pedal-driven brain-bashing machine document in all its glory. If you want the 

original, in Russian, ask for USSR-52. We'll reproduce that one, too, and save you the trouble. 

"MADE IN RUSSIA THE HOLOCAUST" 

IS A COLLECTION OF 

"EYE-WITNESS" AND "SURVIVOR" FAIRY TALES 

FOISTED ON A GULLIBLE WORLD 

BY 

B.S. HOLOKOSTOVITCH & CO. 

Note: If you have any comments on this site, or if you find any errors, please let us know by e-mail. Do not 
threaten us, please - that is illegal. 

MADE IN RUSSIA - THE HOLOCO$T 

Return to CONTENTS PAGE 



The Website of Carlos 
Whitlock Porter 



CARLOS WHITLOCK PORTER 



I am a professional translator of German, French, Italian, Spanish, and Portuguese into English. I have 
translated thousands of commercial, legal, financial, and technical documents for over 100 commercial 
clients in several different European countries. 

My revisionist translations include the Walter Liftl Report and the short version of the Germar Rudolf 
Report (the complete report has never been translated). I am a Member of the Institute of Linguists, 
London. I am American by birth, but presently stateless by virtue of formal renunciation of citizenship 
on 8 November 1984. 

I am also a Hoaxoco$t revisionist. (In the 1984 Pavlovian double-talk of the Jews, I am a "Hoaxoco$t 
Denier".) 

We call it the "Hoaxoco$t" because it is a hoax, and it costs plenty. In addition to the jillions of dollars 
already paid out, directly or indirectly, in cash, goods, and services to Hoaxoco$t "survivors" and the 
racketeer state of Israel since 1945, with new, improved "Hoaxoco$t survivor" rip-offs, shake-downs, 
protection rackets, extortion rackets, blackmail schemes, and related swindles being invented and refined 
almost every week, one would need a computer to calculate the number of unprovoked "air strikes", 
invasions, bombings, burnings, sinkings, shellings, confiscations, expulsions, tortures, book-burnings, 
beatings, arrests and detentions, both with and without trial, all caused by the insane delusion that we are 
fighting "Hitler" every five seconds, in the need to prevent yet another "Hoaxoco$t"(for the umpteenth 
time). 

Hitler's crimes are unique (or so we are told), but there is a "Hitler" under every bed. Even Galtieri of 
Argentina ("las Malvinas son nuestras") was compared to Hitler - not to mention Saddam Hussein, 
Noriega of Panama, and the democratically-elected (3 times) President of Serbia, a parliamentary state 
with several opposition parties. But I digress. 

I became a "Hoaxoco$t denier" between 1976 and 1978, when I noticed that the chemical reactions 
described in Hoaxoco$t literature are all incorrect, and all contradict each other. 

Gas chamber executions occur under the Judicial proceedings in California. For example, the technology 
of gas chamber executions was described fairly accurately by rapist Caryll Chessman in his best-selling 
book CELL 2455, DEATH ROW, which I read as a small boy. When Chessman was executed, it must 
have been one of the biggest news stories in California since Pearl Harbor. This technology is described 



again every time there is an execution. Many years later, reading the "confession" of Josef Kramer ("He 
gave me a bottle containing about half a pint of salts. I think they were salts of cyanide... I introduced a 
certain quantity of salt through a tube... they breathed for about half a minute before they fell to the 
floor"), my immediate reaction was "where is the acid?". 

One might also ask how they plugged the hole, etc. etc. But again I digress. 

The mere fact that it requires one to one-and-one-half hours to cremate a corpse, even in the most 
modern crematory oven, should be enough, in itself, to bring down the whole Hoaxoco$t house of cards. 
Indeed, one of my worst errors as a revisionist was to over-estimate the capacity of crematory ovens; 
ovens I thought capable of 16 cremations a day (as compared to hundreds or even thousands per day, 
according to the Jews) were, in reality, capable of merely 3 or 4. 

My 1978 essay on the subject, THE CHEMISTRY OF THE HOAXOCO$T, has very little value today 
compared to hundreds of other papers by many other people, particularly, Fred Leuchter, Germar 
Rudolf, Friedrich Berg, and Walter Liftl, and in some respects is rather poor; but it shows how I became 
a "Hoaxoco$t Denier". I did not do so frivolously. 

The essay contains at least one error. Zyklon was not "weak", but the evaporation rate was extremely 
slow. It was slowed deliberately to make it less dangerous to human beings. 

The reaction to this particular paper, which was widely reproduced, was dramatic (death threats, 
hysterical phone calls, etc.). One group was so kind as to give me a "trial" in my absence. They had a 
whole list of crimes I had committed — being "scum" was one of them - after which I was duly found 
"guilty" and "sentenced to death", with "sentence to be carried out by a team of our specialists within 
one year" (20 years ago). 

In 1978, 1 thought the Holocaust was a lie, but I still thought it was an intelligent lie; I was wrong. 

In 1988, after 10 years of research, I published MADE IN RUSSIA, THE HOLOCAUST, a collection of 
400 pages photocopied from the Nuremberg Trial transcript and related archives, "proving" a whole 
load of lies that nobody believes any more. 

(i.e steam chambers, vacuum chambers, trapdoor chambers, quicklime chambers, electrical chambers, 
human soap, trees as murder weapons, human hair socks, human hair mattresses, plus an exclusive line 
of leather goods made out of human skin which no one has ever seen)., etc. etc. etc. 

To my amazement, there was almost no reaction to this book, then or later. Almost the only reaction at 
all came from an otherwise intelligent person who said, "Your book is absolutely amazing. Did the 
Germans really have pedal-driven brain-bashing machines to make human soap?" When I attempted to 
explain that the book was nothing more than a collection of obvious lies, he couldn't quite understand. 
People are stupider than I thought they were. 

I would have thought that my sarcasm was unmistakable, but no, people took it all absolutely seriously. 
My printer and bookseller told me my irony just went over people's heads. The book has never sold out, 
and has never needed reprinting. 



Many other people understood the intent of the book, but kept silent, for reasons best known to 
themselves. My own theory is that MADE IN RUSSIA is so amazing that people don't know what to 
think, so they don't say anything. Perhaps I am right, perhaps wrong. 

In 1988, Ernst Zihdel and video cameraman Jirgen Neumann, produced a 90-minute video in which I 
commented upon a number of more or less worthless Nuremberg Trial "documents", most of which did 
not duplicate material from the book. 

An interview with myself by Ernst Zihdel, produced in 1988, was not released until the early 1990s; I 
believe it is video number 7, sandwiched in between David Irving and Rudolf Hess. (A greater 
compliment, unless it is an accident, can hardly be imagined). 
(Videos and book available from: IHR, PO BOX 2739 Newport Beach Calif 92659 USA ihr@ihr.org 

In the same year, 1988, 1 published NOT GUILTY AT NUREMBERG, which originated as a series of 
corrections to NUREMBERG AND OTHER WAR CRIMES TRIALS by Richard Harwood (David 
McCalden), following essentially the same format. This book, with approximately 1000 references, was 
more successful. 

In 1992, 1 did a series of articles on Japanese war crimes for purposes of comparison, entitled JAPS ATE 
MY GALL BLADDER, and undertook to translate NOT GUILTY AT NUREMBERG into a variety of 
foreign languages, with corrections and re-translations supplied by a wide variety of people (available 
from HRP Press, PO BOX 62, Uckfield E. Sussex TN22 1ZY, England, E-mail: hrp@larc.demon.co.uk). 

More recently, I co-authored a number of derivative books with Vincent Reynouard, in French, based 
essentially on the same material, but using the French version of the Nuremberg transcript as a basis. 
The first of these was called DELIRE A NUREMBERG, and is said to be selling quite well (available 
from B.P. 256, B-1050 BRUSSELS-5, BELGIUM.) 

On April Fool's Day 1998, after 17 months of proceedings before 4 courts and a total of 7 judges, 
beginning with my appearance before an examining magistrate in Verviers, Belgium on 4 November 1996 
in answer to "international letters rogatory" (a procedure normally used in the pursuit of international 
car theft rings, etc.), I was convicted of "incitement to racial hatred" in Munich Germany, and fined an 
odd sum of money (probably the most they thought they could collect in view of the fact that I am self- 
employed and have 4 children) ending in 20 pfennigs. The Germans are very exact. 

For 17 months, the German courts ignored everything I introduced in reply to the avalanche of 
subpoenas, summonses, certified letters, certified translations, demands for payment, etc.. Jokes, insults, 
sarcasm, refusals to appear, demands for the production of evidence, irrefutable legal arguments, 
refusals to pay, etc. were all ignored - like a computer continually displaying the same error message. 

Intrigued by the date of my final conviction, and in an effort to determine whether or not the Germans 
are really as stupid as they would very often seem to appear, I sent the Munich State Prosecutor's Office 
a 10 pfennig-piece Scotch-taped to my Final Statement to the Court (in which, for the third or fourth 
time, I refused to pay anything - there are 11 files of these proceedings on this site), asking them to 
deduct 10 pfennigs from the amount owing, and send me a receipt for it. They did. I haven't heard from 
them since. They spent a fortune prosecuting me, including mountains of certified translation work, 
German into French, French into German, German into English, English into German, wasting 17 



months of their time, then they sent me a receipt for 10 pfennigs. 

On 23 September 1998, the Belgian social security system took me to court and bankrupted me, making it 
impossible for me to work; two lawyers advised me to disappear. I am now separated from my family for 
the first time in 26 years. On the bright side, this renders me conveniently judgement-proof for further 
proceedings; all they can do is imprison me. I sometimes wonder how many years they have sentenced me 
to in absentia without telling me about it. 

On October 22, 1998, LE MATIN, a daily newspaper published in Liege, Belgium, printed six large 
articles about me and my "trial" (top of front page, all of page 2, large article top of page 3), calling for 
my imprisonment and hinting subtly that I deserve to be killed. Vincent Reynouard and I replied to this 
in a 25 page brochure entitled CARLOS PORTER REPOND A SES ACCUSATEURS 
(available from B.P. 256, B-1050 BRUSSELS-5, BELGIUM.) 

Although the Germans have no authority with which to arrest me at present, I am under no illusion that 
they will fail to "get me" sooner or later. 

For those who fail to see a pattern in recent events, I shall make it as clear as I can: The Pedro Varela 
case in Spain shows that you can be accused of "genocide" even if all you have ever done is dispute the 
authenticity of the Diary of Ann Frank. Varela was (and, by some miracle, still is) a book-seller 
specializing in revisionist and National Socialist literature. 

The Pinochet Case in London shows that if you are accused of "genocide" you can be arrested and 
extradited anywhere in the world. 

The unprovoked NATO war of aggression against the sovereign state of Serbia shows that if you are 
accused of "genocide", you will be accused of every possible atrocity and bombed into the Stone Age 
without a declaration of war. 

This creates the precedent, and the authority (although it is totally illegal) to arrest revisionists and 
nationalists, anywhere in the world, at any time. This is the 1984 international totalitarian terror state of 
the future, predicted by Aldous Huxley in his 1950s essay BRAVE NEW WORLD REVISITED. 

For example: if the Spanish Constitutional Court (just as an example) upholds Varela's appeal on the 
grounds that the law under which he was convicted of "genocide" is unconstitutional, the Government of 
Spain will be guilty of "aiding and abetting in genocide", and Spain can be bombed. Any nation-state 
which attempts to assert its sovereignty or independence in any manner whatsoever, can now be bombed. 

Whatever is happening in Serbia (ex- Yugoslavia) is the collapse of a multicultural, multiracial state. 
Europe is the ex- Yugoslavia of tomorrow. The message is very clear: resistance to the dictates of the 
multiracial dictatorship of tomorrow (excuse me: of today) will be met by "death from above". 

The inevitable result of all of this can only be the following: 

a) a huge increase in international terrorism (for example, blowing up embassies and killing tourists); 

b) a huge increase in the international arms race (since every two-bit country in the world - Haiti, 
Panama, Somalia, etc. etc. -- will require nuclear weapons and nuclear missile delivery systems to prevent 



arbitrary attack by the United States -- which really means: by Israel -- at any moment.; 

c) a frantic search for cheap new weapons which can be employed by weaker countries (which probably 
means: biological weapons); and 

d) a huge upsurge in regional nationalism, at least in the Balkans, since every ethnic, national, and 
religious group in the region has some claim against some other (and there are hundreds), every one of 
which has been encouraged by NATO's ignorant, destructive, and hypocritical support of Albanian 
claims to Kosovo. 

For example, Greece has a centuries-old claim to half of Albania. If the Albanians have a right to part of 
Serbia (and Kosovo is part of Serbia, whether anybody likes it or not), then why don't the Greeks have a 
right to part of Albania? And so on, ad infinitum. 

What is doubly ironic is that the crimes of which Serbia stands accused are the same crimes in which 
Israel has always specialized: Israel is a torture state, the "ethnic cleanser" par excellence. 

Let us hope that the above-mentioned upsurge in nationalism spreads generally, accompanied and 
strengthened by the knowledge that the Hoaxoco$t is a lie, all lies, and nothing but lies. 

Carlos W Porter 

May 15, 1999. 



MADE IN RUSSIA - THE HOLOCO$T 



Return to CONTENTS PAGE 



Book Reviews 

Made in Russia: The Holocaust 

by Carlos W. Porter. Uckfield, Sussex, England: Historical Review Press, 1988, Pb., 415 pages, $10.00, ISBN 0- 

939484-30-7. 

Reviewed by Theodore J. O'Keefe 

A stumbling block for Revisionists, just as it was for the postwar German defendants, is the seeming wealth of 
documents and testimony assembled by Allied prosecutors for the Nuremberg trials. The more than sixty 
volumes of trial material which appeared in the wake of the "Trial of the Major War Criminals" and twelve 
subsequent trials before the (American) Nuremberg Military Tribunal have for many years supplied a massive 
compilation of apparently damning evidence against Germany's National Socialist regime. Most 
Exterminationists, academic and lay, believe that Germany's "aggression" in beginning the war, and the 
numerous atrocities and war crimes laid to the German account, above all the alleged Holocaust of European 
Jewry, are amply documented in the so-called "Nuremberg record." 

A critique of the Nuremberg trials, from a number of different angles, has been a staple of Revisionist writing 
since the trials. Revisionist authors who chose not to contest directly the Holocaust charges (e.g. F.J.P. Veale) 
attacked the trials for their various failings in equity, jurisdiction, etc. Holocaust Revisionists, such as Arthur 
Butz and Robert Faurisson, have focussed on specific abuses involved in producing testimony and evidence in 
support of the Holocaust, from physical and psychological pressure exerted to obtain confessions and affidavits 
to the authenticity of certain of the documents transcribed and reproduced in the various Nuremberg volumes. 

To date no Revisionist, Holocaust or otherwise, has mounted an assault on the Nuremberg "evidence" equal in 
intensity to that undertaken by Carlos W. Porter in Made in Russia: The Holocaust. Porter's technique is to 
confront the documents directly, by reproducing page after page from the 42-volume Trial of the Maior War 
Criminals (the Blue Series). 

Porter's tactic is audacious and provocative: he gives Allied prosecutors and their witnesses the floor and lets 
them strut their stuff for a good seventy-seven pages before deigning to answer their charges at any length. The 
catch is that most of the charges are so bizarre that Exterminationists have long since quietly let them lapse. 
Porter will have none of this, however: a stern Ghost of Holohoaxery Past, he puts the Nuremberg trials on trial 
by forcing the reader to confront the sort of tripe with which American, Soviet, British, and American 
prosecutors burdened the Germans and their leaders. 

How many people know that at Nuremberg the Germans were accused of, along with killing about six million 
Jews: 

- vaporizing 20,000 Jews near Auschwitz with atomic energy"; 

- killing 840,000 Russian POW's at Sachsenhausen concentration camp (in one month, with special pedal-driven 
brain-bashing machines, no less), then disposing of them in mobile [sic] crematoria; 

- torturing and killing Jewish prisoners to the tempo of a specially composed "Tango of Death" in Lvov; 

- steaming Jews to death like lobsters at Treblinka; 

- electrocuting them en masse at Belzec; 

- making not only lampshades and soap but also handbags, driving gloves, book bindings, saddles, riding 
breeches, gloves, house slippers, etc. from the remains of their victims; 

- killing prisoners and concentration camp inmates for everything from having armpit hair to soiled 
underclothing? 



Each of these grotesque claims is on display in Made in Russia, reproduced just as it appears in the Nuremberg 
volumes, and handily underlined and referenced for the convenience of researcher and skeptic alike. 

After a sobering (or hilarious, depending on your point of view) survey of Nuremberg atrocity "evidence," 
Porter reminds readers that at Nuremberg the Soviets introduced reams of so-called evidence purporting to 
demonstrate that it was the Germans, not Stalin's henchmen in the secret police, who murdered over 4,000 
Polish prisoners at Katyn, near Smolensk. As the author points out, an official Soviet stamp sufficed to make 
false affidavits, phony confessions, faked forensic reports and the like "evidence" admissible at Nuremberg 
under Articles 19 and 21 of the London Agreement of August 8, 1945, in which the Allied lawyers devised the 
rules which would bind judges and defense attorneys at the forthcoming "trial." 

Americans, Britons, and Frenchmen currently gloating over Soviet discomfiture at the recent insistence of the 
Polish regime on finally laying the blame for Katyn where it belongs should recall that the Western Allies said 
not a public word at Nuremberg to challenge the Soviet "evidence" on Katyn (the judges quietly glossed over 
the Red charges by omitting them from their verdict). 

It is the special service of Made in Russia: The Holocaust to remind readers that the same Soviet stamp which 
converted the fake Katyn reports into admissible evidence at Nuremberg also provided proof of the 
extermination of millions of Jews at Auschwitz, Majdanek, Treblinka, and elsewhere. As Porter emphasizes, 
physical and forensic evidence for the Holocaust was never introduced, nor is there any reason whatsoever to 
imagine it ever existed. All we have is a handful of "testimonies," and "confessions," and the reports of a 
number of Soviet or Soviet-controlled "investigative" commissions. If there was a Soviet Fred Leuchter, we 
have yet to hear from him (and probably never will). The same Red prosecutors who framed the victims of 
Stalin's purges at the Moscow show trials, and sent millions of innocents to their deaths in our gallant Soviet 
ally's Gulag archipelago, are the chief source for the vaunted Nuremberg evidence of the "Holocaust." 

Porter provides numerous examples of prosecution tactics, usually allowed by the judges, which would make 
hanging judge Roy Bean, or even Neal Sher, blanche. He points out that the prosecution made it difficult, if not 
impossible, for the defense lawyers to have timely access to the documents introduced into evidence by the 
prosecution; that "photocopies" and "transcripts" were almost invariably submitted in evidence by the 
prosecution instead of the original German documents, which in very many cases seem today to have 
disappeared; that the defendants rarely were able to confront their accusers, since "affidavits" from witnesses 
who had been deposed months or even weeks before sufficed; etc., etc., etc. 

The author touches on many other aspects of the Holocaust legend, from the feasibility of homicidal gassing 
with Zyklon-B to the ease with which atrocity photos can be faked (just supply the right caption!) to the Allied 
prosecutors' propensity for introducing page after page of irrelevant evidence (Porter reproduces several 
cartoons from Julius Streicher's anti-Jewish Der Giftpilz [The Toadstool] which found their way into the 
"Nuremberg record"). 

Made in Russia: The Holocaust is vulnerable to several minor criticisms. The many photographs which appear 
in Porter's book might have been better reproduced. Lawyers may cavil at a few of his interpretations, and 
doubtless other Revisionist researchers will find bones to pick here and there in some of his assertions on 
Zyklon, gas chambers, etc. 

On balance, however, Made in Russia: The Holocaust is a book with something of value for every reader with 
an interest in Revisionism. Porter, a professional translator and businessman, writes with a mordant irony (the 
sillier Exterminationists may find a treasure trove of new atrocities to bewail here) and an admirable concision: 
Made in Russia can be gotten through in an hour and a half. After reading it, Revisionists will no longer be in 



the least awed by the Nuremberg trial volumes, and it is to be hoped that Porter's book will stimulate them to 
consult this dubious "record" for themselves. 

Source: Reprinted from The Journal of Historical Review, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 89-92. 

Published with permisson of and courtesy to the Institut for Historical Review (IHR). 

Domestic subscriptions $40 per year; foreign subscriptions $50 per year. 

For the current IHR catalog, with a complete listing of books and audio and video tapes, send one dollar to: 

HYPERLINK "http://ihr.org/" 

Institute For Historical Review 

Post Office Box 2739 

Newport Beach, California 92659 

email: 

ihr@ihr.org 
www.ihr.org 



The Website of Carlos Whitlock Porter 

INTRODUCTION 

War crimes trials are characterized by the assumption that rules of evidence are a technicality designed to 
enable the guilty to evade punishment. In fact, however, their purpose is to protect tribunals from errors in 
judgement. 

Centuries ago, it was common to prosecute women for performing sexual acts with the Devil. These acts were 
described in minute detail in thousands of trials, in millions of pages of sworn testimony. It was established, for 
example, that Satan's ejaculatory fluid is cold. 

Thousands of women stood fast in their confessions to the very foot of the stake, proving the truth of the matter 
stated; others recanted, proving the contumacy of the Tempter. 

Thousands of men were burned for signing a Compact with the Prince of Darkness. This was a written contract, 
binding on both parties, the exact text of which was known to jurists for centuries; yet the original document 
was never found. Secondary evidence was accepted as to its existence and content. 

Satan's existence was proven by his many appearances in the form of a cat or a goat; his failure to fulfil his 
contractual obligatians was seen as a simple breach of faith. 

Scientific experiments were performed. Women known to have participated in the Black Mass were found not 
to have left their beds during the night, proving that transportation is spiritual, rather than physical. 

Professional witnesses denounced thousands of people; defendants were condemned on the basis of ex parte 
affidavits signed by unknown persons; hallucinations and dreams were introduced into evidence in sworn 
statements. 

Persons defending the accused could only be motivated by secret sympathy with Satan's conspiracy or Common 
Plan. 

Respected people entered prison defiant, confident that God would prove them innocent; only to emerge a 
month later, prepared to confess publicly and be burned alive for kissing the anus of a goat. 

Slimilar procedures and rules of evidence were used after the last war to convict Germans of killing millions of 
Jews in a toxicologically absurd manner, using an insecticide requiring 24 hours to kill moths. 

It is characteristic of modern thought that man is held to be progressing in some manner, a concept which was 
foreign to the medieval world. 

Carlos Whitlock Porter 



Editor 
Made in Russia - The Holocaust 

Historical Review Press 1988 

MADE IN RUSSIA - THE HOLOCO$T 

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MADE IN RUSSIA THE HOLOCAUST 

Parti 

As a "proven fact" protected by special laws not applicable to other "proven facts", the Holoco$t must be 
considered as something of an endangered species 

All one needs to endanger the species a bit further or perhaps even drive it into extinction is to get the 

Nuremberg Trial transcript and read some of it. 

If Germans gassed millions of Jews, did they also 



1. Steam people to death like lobsters in 10 steam chambers at Treblinka 

2. Zap them to death with mass electrical shocks 

3. Blast them into the twilight zone with atomic bombs 

4. Beat people to death, then carry out autopsies to see why they died 

5. Force people to climb trees, then cut the trees down 

6. Kill 840,000 Russian Pows at Sachsenhausen, and burn the bodies in 4 portable ovens 

7. Bash people's brains in with a pedal-driven brain-bashing machine while listening to the radio, then 
burn the bodies in 4 portable ovens 

8. Torture and execute people in time to music at the Yanov camp in Russia — shoot every member of the 
orchestra 

9. Grind the bones of millions of people in portable bone-grinding machines 

10. Grind the bones of 200 bodies \ 3 A ton! at one time as described in photographs and documents which 
have disappeared — study bone grinding in special 10-day crash-course seminars 

11. Whup people with special spanking machines 

12. (Note that photographs of German leaders, concentration camps, etc., are in full supply, but that photos 
of bone grinders, portable ovens, etc., have all disappeared) 

13. Make lampshades of human skin 

14. Cut people's heads off and then shrink them — make pocketbooks and driving gloves for SS officers out 
of human skin 

15. Paint pornographic pictures on canvasses made of human skin 

16. Bind books in human skin 

17. Make saddles, riding breeches, gloves, house slippers, and ladies handbags out of human skin 

18. Drive Jews to cannibalism in all those freight cars 

19. More "scientific experiments" — another ridiculous accusation — another bizarre hallucination - 
another example of German efficiency 

20. Torture people in specially mass-produced "torture boxes" made by Krupp 

21. Kill people for sleeping in their underwear — kill people for wearing dirty underwear — wear underwear 



stolen from gassed persons — (didn't they have any underwear in Germany?) — kill people for having 
armpit hair — stuff chairs with human hair — (an objection from defendant Goring) — make socks out of 
human hair — (actually, the correct translation should be hair-yarn "booties" for U-boat crews) — 
(commentary) — collect seven tons of hair for human sock making — collect 293 hair bales (net weight 
seven thousand kilograms) at Auschwitz for mattress stuffing and making hair socks — gas them to 
death, then destroy the bodies with quicklime at Auschwitz 

22. Use human ashes for repairing the roads — mix human ashes with manure and sell it 

23. Burn human bodies using human fat for fuel — burn human bodies using no fuel at all after removing 
them from the gas chambers without wearing gas masks — burn 80,000 bodies in 2 old ovens 

24. Burn human bodies in holes dug in a swampy plain which is frozen in January where it rains and snows 
constantly and there is mud everywhere — what did they do when it was raining? 

25. Kill people with poisoned soft drinks — shoot 135,000 people in Smolensk and bury them Katyn-style — 
shoot 200,000 people in the Lisenitz forest — using the same methods of concealment they used at 
Katyn 

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■2- 



STEAM PEOPLE TO DEATH LIKE LOBSTERS IN 
10 STEAM CHAMBERS AT TREBLINKA 



Lpst negotiations by Pa pen, who negotiated with the Reich 1 * Pres- 
ident "under four eyes" and who barely kept me informed about 
hJj discussions with the Reich President and his negotiations with 
Hitler and Goering„ This Was in distinct contrast to the way in 
whjdh on previous occasions governmenti had been (armed,, — as, 
for example, at. the time of Bruenintf'j dismissal, when Hindenburg r 
Schleicher and I Spent considerable time going over various names 
suggested as possible candidates fox- the position as Chancellor 
beFore the name of Papen was definitely decided upon. In view at 
this difference, what I know now in regard to the last manuevers 
to place Hitler in office comes from the Reich President himself. 

8, I a [so had no part in Paper's negotiations on the personnel which 
nJiflySd compose the new jjnirernment. Only alter this issue had been 
settled did 1 receive the hat and the order to write out the formal 
documents of appointment and to prepare the swearing in of the 
new Chancellor and of the new Reich 'a ministers, On the other 
hand, when I saw that despite his hesitations Hlndenburg bad 
decided to accept Papen's proposals* I gave up my opposition, 

9, The facts stated above are true to the best of my knowledge, 
Information and belief. This declaration is made by nte voluntarily 
end without compulsion. After reading over this statement I have 
signed and executed the same at OEERUTtSEL-'Germany this 2£ day 
of November 1945. 

(Signed) Otto Meissner 

OTTO MEI5SNER 

Subscribed and sworn to before me at OBERUftSEL/Qerriiany this 

£S day of November 1545. 

(Signed) fJt Lt R.A, Cut-man 



DOCUMENT 331 1 -PS 

CHARGE NUMBER 6 OF THE POLISH GOVERNMENT AGAINST HANS 
FRANK; MAES MURDERS QF JEWS SYSTEMATICALLY CARRIED 
"UT AT THE EXTERMINATION CAMP OF TREBLINKA, ESTAB~ 
MS* [E& 1342; DESCRIPTION OF ATROCITIES' THEHE PERPE- 
TRATED; FRANK'S RESPONSIBILITY FOR THESE CRIMES (EXHIBIT 
USA-2SQI 



Certificate 



fiUStEEQ 1942; DESCRIPTION OF ATROCITIES THERE PERPE- 
TUATED; FRANK'S &E5F0N5IBIUTY FOR THESE CRIMES (EXHIBIT 
U5A-2S3I 



Certificate 
L E"h|i ^n certify that the document entitled "Chirac No 6 t Camp 

w Trefclinka,* 1 , concerning the extermination of Jews In this camp. 



IMT XXXII i33 



Jonra 

la hereby dQciilly submitted hy the Polish Government to the 
International Military Tribunal by the undersigned under the pro- 
visions set forth in Article 21 rf the Charter. 

Dr. Cyprian 
Dr. Tadeu52 Cyprian 
'J Polish Deputy Representative 

Oft the United Nations War 

Crimes Commission in London 
Nm-nberg, the 5th December 1945 



TreMinka. 
CHARGENjJ, 1 ) 
'5 

In accord ance with article 6 of the Charter the Polish Govern- 
ment indicts 

Dr. Hans FRANK 
Governor General O-l Poland, 

Of the following crime: 

The German authorities acting under the authority at Governor 
General Dr, Hans Frank established in March 19*2 the eitermina- 
tion-eamp at Treblinka, intended for mass killing of Jews by auf - 
focal ing them in steam-fi:led chambers. 

Particulars ol the alleged Crime 

In 1940 the German authorities established in the village of 
Tre-blinka, near Malkinia cJose to the railway-line Warsaw - Bialy- 
stok r a concentration camp for Poles who refused to deliver 
contingents of agricultural products ordered by the German 



particulars, ol the alleged Crime 

In 1940 the German authorities established In the village of 
Tre-blinka, near Malkinia close to the railway-line Warsaw - Bialy- 
stok r a concentration camp for Poles who refused to deliver 
contingents of agricultural products ordered by the German 
administrative authorities. In November 1941, the District Governor 
of Warsaw, Dr. FISCHER proclaimed this camp as a general con- 
centration camp (or the Whole district Of Warsaw and ordered all 
Poles to be deported there who some way or other contravened 
against the orders or prohibitions of the German authorities. Later 
on this camp was named "TrebLinJta A". 

In March 1942, the Germans began to erect another camp 
"Tteblinka fe" /in the neighbourhood ol 'TreblinJca A% intended 
to become a place at torment lor Jews. 



L l Orfirij] ■*■!, llimpriJ in purple ink 



I Carbon citpy 



IMT XXXII 154 



-Ar 



The erection of thia camp waa closely connected with the Ger* 
pun plant aiming it a complete destruction of ihe Jewish populn- 
li-rft in Poland which necessitated (hf creation Of It machEnery hy 
mc3D» of wtudi the P<jLish Jews could be killed in large numbers 
Late In. April 1042. the erection of the fcrrt three rhambeta Wai 
(Incih nl in Which thcSi: a urn: rill massacre? were to be* performed fay 
ingflns of steam , Somewhat" later" the erectic-n of. the real "death- 
hiiti"iiinB 11 '' was finished which contains ten death chambers. It was 
opened for wholesale: murdfcrfi early [n autumn 1342, 

It may be mentioned here that there were several phases in 
the development of the persecution of the Jaw i In Poland. During 
Uw tlriit period 'Hit October 194 a' the Germana were aiming only 
.it lh=j moral degradation and complete pauperisation of the Jews, 
by all kinds of restrictions of their rights, by the confiscation of 
Ihflir property etc.. but later on they tiirned to their gradual »n- 
nihUjtkjn and dealrudtiott a= a nation. TTtii change of policy is 
apparent in their treatment cf the gholtoi, first they had only to 
Isolate the Jews from the Aryans but later Cm they were /the 
^hetton: the very means of the physical annihilation of the JswS. 

Healthier and stronger Jews wore deposed for forced labor 
while those who remained In Lhc Ghettos were decimated by star- 
vation and epidnmics As thest> methods did not produce the desired 
Fetalis more drastic measures were adopted Wholesale massacres 
were organ Lied in the Giiettos and, finally, a complete annihilation 
of i he (heitps was decided upon, 

^Pjia t— i 

The Jew? had simply ceased to exist. Special camps were 
ira-fubljihed fr>r thii purpose where tike destruction of human lives 
w,ia carried en by mechanized means. The best Icnown of theae 
death campJ are those of Trebllnka, Belzec and Soblber /in the 
Lublin dislrict/, In these camps the Jewa ware, put to death in 
thcLr thnijfiarjds by hitherto unknown, new methods, raj and iteam 
ch ambers aj well as plgc'rlr: current Employed on a large scale- 
Trio victims were rccruiEad chiefly fr'rjm the General Government. 
Jrtd particularly from th* fpUowintf districts. Warsaw, Radom. 
I*ub|jn. Krakow nnd Lwow, buit Jewa from nutiLcle the General 
Government were also sent there, particularly from the Blaly stole 
diitriet when* the Gheltoa Were maintained for a long time and 
wbvfL- in the ftummer months of 1543 shout lQ t 0M Jewa were 
founded U p jjid traiupirti.-d to Trehlinka fur extermination, 

The main part of the "work" Was done In summer end autumn 
1343. Winter 10-12 and the year 1943 were uued (or "mopping up 



► IHT XXXII U5 



The main part of the "work" wu done In summer and autumn 
IH3. Winter |&^2 and the year 1943 were uued lor "mopping up 



■ IHT XXXII ies 



-& 



(Note ihai Mid ta clinical institutions, are described in great 
rinlflii, flllhauoh by Fibruiiy 194G this bad all llften forgotten ) 



jtu-ra 

opentErjiu" L e- for the eTrterminatiori of thaw who managed t» 
dpdge the main rDmtd-up and, of ihnae younger Jews who »^ 

employed tn, war industry To Indulge In their lu.ul Tor destruction 
the Germing did not hesitate La put to death even those yftungtr 
Jew* aLthaugh their man-power waa badly needed and their In™ 
- as a dm it led by the Germans th-emae-tves - was p. jedoui handicap 
for the war effort. 

The Camp & of Trehlinka- la situated in hilly, wooded country 
It covered in area oC 4 bout &,0fl(J ha *t iq.miles,' and was feneH 
off by hcdaeii and barbed wire. It is bordered in the north by * 
young format, in the west by b railway embankment while !rr«v 
hills shut Lt oCT from the East and South. There are several ohnn^ 
ration posts \n the camp for the camp (juard /tjgerschutar' as well 
aa searchlights used for securing the camp during the hours ni 
darkness- A side track leads from the main railwav track on to 
a loading platform adjoining a large open plac.0 fenced off by 
barbed wire, where RrYcr.il thou lands persons can be accom. 
modated at the same lime-- To the north stands a large barrack 
slid in the south- western corner an observation port The place to 
the south of the bflrthrrf wire lance was Hied for lOrting out pieecn 
of clothes of the victims which were fit for further use /Lumpsn- 
sortLerungsplau/. Further lo the aauth Is the place of execution 
and a mass grave. A gate opens from the place to a road leading 
to the biiildLngn and one of them is divided by a narrow corrfttnr 
Into two parts and measures appro.< 40 yards by 35 yard* On eerh 
aide of the corridor are situated five chambers whore height & 
about 6 and a half feet. Ther e are no windows. The doors can be 
ahot herme ! icsll j 

Thi? sei-onrl building consijU of three eh It enter? and a buLkT-_ 
room The steam gen grated in the boll^rl i* led by megns pi pipes 
fo the- eham.be rs. There arc lerrarnla floori In" "the chambers whU-n 
become very slippery when wet Along the southern wall &t the 
building runs o long platform where the bodies, of the victims wtrre 
piled tip after execution. A well Is situated near the boiter-rtKiiia 

Behind this building and separated from the rest of the camp 
by barbed wire stands a barrack and a kitchen destined for the 
grave diggers. On both sides of these buildinga are situated 

nh*Ai*w I l.n.n *t*HM+m Jbj at Ik* *v***-i if in^m Pfp^ni In «t 1 a ^V%«i^ nmn wtt-jl OK 



puiininsi runs a mng piaworm wnpre m* ooaies ai me vicum vsnv 
piled tip after rnwutiwi. A well Is situ a led near Ihf boater- roam 

Behind Una building And neparatcd fmm the nil of the Gamp 
by barbed wire jtanda a barraidt and a kitchen dejtintd for Ihe 
grave diggers. On both lidex af these building! are jitual->d 
observation pcsti. As the execution! grew In number^ mia aravps 
wen? dujH o ut by mo to r dr iven, machi ne* Mid not by hand and 
■hovel u in the beginning- 

Th# camp wci guarded by Germans dT the SB-detachments pmJ 
by UktainlonJ. The officer lo whom thri guard, w» subordinated 
wai the SS-CapL SAUER. Thia garrison /Lag ericbufct/ performed *lsi> 
duties of BKecuiLnneri. while menial lervicej had to be performed 



IHT XXXII IM 



-fr- 



un-rt 



ty the inmatca of th* camps themselves, so e-jf, Hi* untoad- 
ing dI the trucks, stripping W the vioUm* and scrimp] out of tfieir 
clothes and ihoe* ,TAimp*rjort!,erimg/, the emptying a I the death 
chambers and the burying of T.hti bodies When a new transport 
arrived some of thp Jevua u r vre pJiied out to do thii work so long 
till Uiey broke dawn (n-frrally undui* the impression of lhii oF£anlz*d 
and mechinlwil nun murder. Then they had to dig their own 
graves and lake up their ptuition at them, whereupon they were 
■Art One by one by SaUER personally. Their lut duty before dying 
WW to push thy body Of 

- r*l* I - 

Ihc preceding vluLLm mto Ita own grave. A ne™ parly waa then 

chuien Id •coditLnue their work in the camp The tad tun of SAUEI1 

In tanj'jyin^ the shfifitinfl personally suiajidj IncrkMlible, »m hi a g^iJt 

hi a bgiitl tivJUtjl:iht.--i UcvJ.-iii i n? dp'jbt. 
^ — . ^^^^^^^^_ 

The average number of Jew* dealt with at the camp in summer 
l!M2 W/aS about two railway transport* daily, but mere were day ■ 
til much raejher itiHtuiincy. From aiiluma I9tt thla number waa 
telling. 

Alter unload Lng in the ilding all victims were assembled ta 
one pJtc* where men wure separated from women and children. 
In the Rut days of the exutencc of. the camp the Victims were 
mud? to baljeve thai alter a short stay In the camp, nuciisaary for 
baihing and dlamietf t Ion, they would be sent farther eaaU Jor work- 
Esulanfltluns of thlfl port were given by SS W^n wh* assisted at 
thy unLoadmg of the transports and further explanations could be 
ruad In nouuei stuck up On the walii of the barradu. But later, 
when more transpprti had to be dealt with, the Germans, dropped 
ail pneteacefl and only trttd tv accelerate the procedure 

All victisnj hod to strip off their c lathes and show, which wtrt 
enhectud afterwanii, whereupon all victims, women and children 
fitnU were driven into the death chamber! Those ton slow or loo 
wimk to rnovo nuldJy were driven on by rifle butta, by whipping 
and kicking, often by 5AUEB himself. Many ilipped and [ell, the 
next victims pressed forward and stumbled uver them Small 
children were limply thrown inside. After being filled up to capa- 
city Ihe chdmbBrt Were hermetically clnac-d and Steam won let in . 
In a ir.-w rn'mr-n ail wav QVL-r . Th? JFwiih mgnintl workers had 
to remove thu bodiej from the platform and to bury them in masa 
(rnvftj. Dy use! by. ai new transports arrived,, tbe cemetery grew 
extending in eaate-rn direction. 

From reports received may he- a&umed that several hundred 
IhouaatHfs of Jews have hven cxlermtnated in Ttrblinka, Exact 



IMT XXXII IS? 



IHT XXXII M 



i 



fljjUreH are impossible to QlllfllCl as the German* disl not blither td 

keep any tetordi MDCtniing the number of Jews departed to tK j 
camp |ind killed there. It wiU be even impossible to *s.tabbjb lorn* 
etirtect Bgurtis hwaui* ai early as sprSTijj 1943 the Carmani be^fi 
to exhume the bodies and t-o bum them so as to defray e]3 gvidgn., 
of the crimes perpetrated ThetE exhumjiLoni c^nhnucd unt. ! 
summer 1SW3, u-hen the rictlmi u.'tro ate I* to atari i mutiny jn j 
to kill some of the guards en ib ling thus Kveral hundred Jewa t" 
escape irflm the camp 

The above ds5cnpi:cm of Ihi? maM murder* In Treblinkfl g/Mrfa 
duly a fitnt Id si of the horrors which prevailed in the camp. I: is 
pratr:cally impossible to Imagine the iulTeringa of the victims in 
this camp and i-> grasp the full rolent ot the BtrocLtLei. Jot 1^ 
viqtLmii transported to the camp in cattle trucks and exposed \- 
several days tu th« most cruel suffertiitfE of body and aaul, dea'-n |i: 
Ihe atfaiD charnbcrs muit have nLmoat Came aa a Weldarne relTi 
Thuif unly rrim-c cyn.51.it2d in the fatt oT belonging to a rati! eun 
dtmned by Hltlar to dsath, 

The r»pofiilbility of Dr. Hani FRANK for- ihe setting u£ ol 
the camp at Trebllnka and tar the mass killings described iLbav* 
la Inherent to hit o^ncia! poaltcon as G^vern^r Ck-rceral of Poland 

The camp ttiuld not be Set Up Without either hil direct anlrr 
or, at least his approval, and the numhen ot people kilted (h*t ) 
clearly Indicate, that These atroclttea were dementi of a systematic 
pa hey of extermination AJt those connected with the "liquids'; fin 
o( ghettos and ol the Jaw* themselves took their osden fnntt Lhr 
Governor General. 

Or, Cyprian 



DOCUMENT 1119-FS 

MATES !AL O/ VARIOUS KINDS 13 J* TO \MU,\ ACTIVE FABncr* 
PAT [ON BY tt[BEi:^TH,OP AND THE GERMAN FOREIGN OFTTCi: 
IN THE PERSECUTION OF THE JEWS. PARTICULARLY IN" FOREIGN 
COUNTRIES {EXHIBIT OB^67l 



HESCHftElBL'MTj 

rLbunJj>i.j±L§lHlJ§ I ill* S'k Phi*[ I Vi^rln ujmJ tll(»# S ni'hl +\ri\tt?*-f f\v\* 

EflUI ~S : Ealtre eilnliil phula. eopj 



HESCH&EIBL'M^ 

ri.nunJj-ij±L(,lrilJj I ill/ 5'e Phi>[ I VL;r1n uai t\U*.* S Wt'hl winltfi^jrlji n 

EfJKi S FnlUc eiLiIjiI pbuia. copt 



J.MT XXXII 15B 



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-s- 

ZAP THEM TO DEATH WITH MASS ELECTRICAL SHOCKS 



U r*b. u 

of extermination was once again Ln full swing. It created murder 
vans, gas chambers in the concentration camps, special electrical 
appliances tor the mass murder oE the doomed, crematoria, and also 

"gyMon" banks ! 

Now, I pass over to the next section of my presentation: "Con- 
centration camps for the peaceful population," 

Inasmuch as this subject has already been extensively treated by 
the members of the Prosecution who presented their cases before 
me, I shall try to be as brief as possible] I shall limit myself either 
only to absolutely new information or to the text ol the documents 
which serve as an explanation to the movie films which will be 
shown today before the Tribunal 

I beg to draw the attention of the Tribunal to the fact that at 
the end of 1941 and in l&*'£ tht< scale of German fascist crnnus 
committed in concentration camps reached vast proportions, in 
particular, I refer to the report of the Polish Government in con- 
firmation of this statement. On Page 138 of the document bouk the 
members of the Tribunal will find the testimony to the effect that 
in 1942 one of the most terrifying extermination camps, the Tre-hlinkj 
Camp Number 2, was in rapid process of erection. The Germans 
called this " TrebUnka B." Further. I refer to the report nf tho 
extraordinary Statu Commission on Auschwi tz, The members of 
the Tribunal wi 31 find the extract which I am going to quote on 
Page 353 in the document book, Volume II, second column of the 
text, Paragraph 2. 1 quote a short excerpt from Page 257: 
" In 1941 the first crematorium for burning the corpses of 
murdered peo ple was built inthe Auschwitz Camp, This 
crematorium "had three ovens. Attached to the erf ma tori am 
was a so- catted 'special purpose bath-house, 1 That was a "gas 
chamber "for asphyxiating people "? 1 

I draw the attention ol the Tribunal to the following sentence: 
"In the summer of 1942 the Beichsfuhrer SS Himmter in- 
spected AuschwitE Camp and ordered It to be greatly enlarged 
and technically perfected.* 

I end my quotation here, and I call the attention of the Tribunal 
Id Page 136 on the reverse side of the document book^ this is fr^m 
a report of the Polish Government, which shows that the Camp 
Sobibur was founded during the first and second liquidation of the 
Jewish ghetto. But the extermination on a large scale in this cum p 
really started -a! the beginning of 1943. In this same report, in the 
last paragraph on Page 136 of the document book, w^e may read 
that Camp Belsen was founded In 1M0; tut it was in 1342 that the 
special electrical appjiances were built in for mass ex term! not inn 
of people. Under the pretext that the people were being led to th e 



last paragraph on Pag? 136 of the document book, we may read 
that Camp BeUen was founded In 1M0; tut it was in 1342 that the 
special electrical appliances ™ere built in for mass BKtermin.it inn 
of people. Under the 7 pretext that the people were b-ehiS led to th e 



IMT VII 5?fi 



It Frh. <fl 

bath-house, the doomed were undressed and than driven to the 
building wht>re the floor was electrified in a "special way l there they 
were killed. 

Usually the concentration camps or German fascism can be 
divfded into iws groups: the labor concentration camps and the 
extermination camps, It seems to me that such a differentiation is 
not quite correct, because- the labor camps also served the purpose 
of extermination. 

1 omit two pages of the text and 1 pasa en to the Page 260- In 
confirmation of what I said just now, I refer to the report of the 
Extraordinary State Commission relative to Yanov Camp in the city 
of Lvov. The Tribunal will find this on Page 59 in the document 
book, Paragraph 5 ot the first column of the text- But at the same 
time, I ask the members of the Tribunal to refer Id Page 6 of the 
album of documents relative to the Lvov Camp. One of them, ia 
a picture of " a trench in the valley jaf death." The ground is soaked 
with human blood to the depth of " 1 J h. "meters. On the next pages 
are" shown the belongings taken from fhe executed persons.^ This 
picture was taken by the experts of legal medicine about 2 months 
after the mass shootings. 

From the reports of the Extraordinary State Commission on 
crimes in the Yanov Camp It can be seen that here in what was 
officially a usual work camp, oyer ZQOjQOO Soviet citizens were 
ea^crmlaated h according ta the flndingsot the legal experts . I quote 
only the first paragraph on Page 261 of the Russian text.' I begin 
the quotation: 

" In view of the total area &f burial grounds and the area of 

2 square kilometers in which the ashes and bones were scat- 
tered as well the expert commission concluded that in th e 
Yanov Camp there were exterminated over 200,000 Soviet 

citizens.™ 

I omit the next part of my presentation, which deSls with the 
regime of starvation in concentration, camps. Thus was already very 
well presented by the representative of the British Prosecution, Sir 
David Maxwell-Fyfe. This must be already quite clear to the 
Tribunal and I don't think It will be necessary to give any addi- 



wuocmj. 



I omit the next part of my presentation, which deflls with the 
regime of starvation in concentration camps. This was already very 
well presented by the representative of the British Prosecution, Sir 
David Maxwell-Fyfe. This must be already quite clear to the 
Tribunal and I don't think it will be necessary to give any addi- 
tional proofs. But I ask the Tribunal's permission for a presentation 
of evidence on a camp which was created by the German fascists 
only during the last stage of the war. I refer to Page 265 of my 
presentation. 

Maidanck and Auschwitz camps served as a means of. exter- 
mination only lor those who really were sent to these camps. These 
two camps were mot a direct menace for those people who were 
outside the walls of the camp; but h in the course of the war, having 
already suffered grave defeats, German fascism began to practice 



IMT VII 577 



IO- 



ii April 14 

then later had to 3 earn from his testament that he r in full posses- 
sion of his faculties, consciously gavE the order for mass exter- 
mination, is confronted with a riddk. I state here. . . 

LT, COL. GRIFFITH- J ONES: We really don't want another long 
speech about the Fuhror. Jus! turn over the page and look at what 
is being said on the 26th of March' 

"The report of the Polish Government on the measures 
against the Jewish population is published in full in the 
English press. A passage reads, 'In the town of Vjlna &0,000 
Jews were murdered, in Hovno 14,0QD^ in Lvov half of the 
total Jewish population. 7 

"Many details are also given about the use of poison gas, as 
at Chelm, of electricity in Bckcc, of the deportations from 
Warsaw, the surrounding of blocks of houses, and of the 
attacks with machine guns." 
Did you read that one? 

STB EJ CHER: I do not know. However, t hat shootings must 
have OCTUrred, Of course, where Jews" committed sabotage,, ft r.eterQ r 
is sell-evident During a war that is CQjiSiOforefl as a matter of 
course. ITowevcr, the figures which are quoted hEre were just 



simply not believable. 

LT COL. GRIFFITH- JONES: Yes. I understand you to say that 
now, but what 1 do not understand is what you meant when you 

spid this rngmiiig that the Jsrachi isch es Wochenblaft made no men- 
tion aT murders and gave no figui s. You didn't say that lh^ figures 
were unbcbevablc; you told this Vribunal, on your oath, that the 
newspaper contained nothing except the hints of disappearance, 



nciw, but what I do not understand Is what you meant when you 
said this marking that the Israel ii isch es Wochenblaft made no men- 
tion oT murders and gave no figui s. You didn't Bay that the figures 
were unbelievable; you told this Yribunal, on your oath, that the 
newspaper contained nothing except the hints ot disappearance, 
with no mention of figures. What did you mean by that? 

STREICHER' I have said the truth under oath, but it is possible 
that one might not rememk'r every thing. During an interrogation 
some lime back I stated, based on memory, that an' issue must exist 
which mentions the disappearance of Jews, and sa on. It is in the 
IxrarUti.iches War.henblaU, and I thought I said that it was in 19*3 
and it is true- )f one article alter the other Is put before me — -well, 
even if 1 had seen il, how ean I remember it? But that I, under 
oath, should have deliberately told you an untruth, that is, at any 
rate, not so. 

LT COL GRIFFITH-JONES: We will deal with the article you 
mention in 1&43 in one moment; but just before we do that, just 
£ee if yoj believe your own staff, Turn, will you, to 38- A, M-13P- 
NoW, on the 6th of May it BO- happens just after those last three 
extracts from the IsraeUtischei Wochenblatt we have looked at, 
within 2 or 3 months, i Or £ months afterwards your newspaper if 
publishing this article. It is headed " Children of the Devil." 

IMT XII 369 



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-11- 

BLAST THEM INTO THE TWILIGHT ZONE WITH ATOMIC BOMBS 



I] June « 

high temperature? When 11 was exploded it Created exceedingly 
high temperature, £0 that there could he no defense against it? 

SPEER: No> that i* An error. Actually, ordinary gas evaporates 
at normal atmospheric temperature. This gas would, not evaporate 
Until Very high temperatures were reached and such very high 
temperatures could only be produced by an explosion; in cither 
words* when the explosives detonated, a very high temperature set 
in, as you know, and then the pas evaporated, The solid Substance 
turned into gas, but the effects had nothing to do with the hipn 
temperature. 

MR. JUSTICE JACKS OK; Experiments were carried out with 
this gas* were they not, to your knowledge? 

SPEER: That I tan tell yen. Experiments must certainly have 
been carried out with it, 

MR. JUSTICE JACKSON: Who was in charge of the experi- 
mentations with the gafi&i? 

SPEER: As far as I It now it was the research and development 
department of the OKH in the Army ordnance olflce. I cannot tell 
you for certain, 

MR JUSTICE JACKSON: And certain experiments were also 
conducted and certain researches conducted in atomic fi iWf"^ v were 

they not? 

SPEER: We had not got as far as that, unf oriona lely, because th* 

finest experts we had in atomic research had emigrated to AmcricAi 

and this had thrown us back a great deal in our research, so that 
we still needed another year or two in order to achieve any results 

in the splitting of the atom. 

MR, JUSTICE JACKSON: The policy of driving people out who 
didn't fljjree with Germany hadn't produced very pood dividends, 
had it? 

SPEER: Especially in this sphere it was a great disadvantage 
to us, 

MR. JUSTICE JACKSON: Now, I have certain information, 
which was placed In my hands, of an Experiment which was carried 
out nea r Aus.ch wite and I would like (o ask you U you heard about 
it or knew about it. The purpose of the experiment was to. find, _■■ 

quick and cpmptete way of destroy LnE People without the delay and 
trouble of sbnOtinfi and casstnc and burning, as it had bacn Carried 
Ou^ and this is the experiment, as I am advised- A _vi ltaj^e , a small 
vilhigc was Provisjnrirdjy erected, with lemporary structures and Id 
rr~spproximate]y 2Q.0DO Jm-5, were nut. Pv means of this newl y 
i nvented weapon Of destructio n. IheiiP 20.000 people were eradicated 

almost instantaneously and in such a wafr that there was no trace 



IMT XVI 529 



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-12- 



BEAT THEM TO DEATH, THEN CARRY OUT AUTOPSIES 
TO SEE WHAT THEY DIED OF 



11 Jip. * 

HERR BABEL: For what reasons? 

BLAH A; The reasons varitd, depending on the nature of the 
guards or the commanders . 

HERB BABEL: Bui you said you were Dccupied h indeed according 
to your statements, very much occupied. 

BLAHA: Yes. 

HERB BABEL: How then did you have an opportunity of 
observing such ill-treatment? 

BLAHA; 1 performed many autopsies on people either shot or 
beaten to death at t}\(:\r work, and made official reports on the cause 
of death ! - 

HERR BABEL: You said they were ihot. Did you see such 
incidents yourself? 

BLAHA: No, 

HERB BABEL: Then, how do you know that? 

BLAHA: The bodies were Drought to me from the place of work , 
and it was ir.y duty to ascertain the cau se of death Mhat the men 
had been beaten to death, lor example that the skull or nbs had 
bffrrc f ra-r'-jred. tLat the man had diud of internal hemorrhage, or that 
ftp had been shot; I had to make an official report on the cause of 
death. Sometimes, cut this was rare, when an mvestigatson was 



conducted, I was called in as witness. 

HEAR BABEL: Thank you. 

THE PRESIDENT: Jtfr. Dodd h do you wish to re-examine the 
witness? 

MR DQDDt I have no further questions to ask the witness at 
this time. 

THE PRESIDENT: Does any other member of the prosecuting 
staff want to re-examine? Colonel Pokrovsky? 

COLONEL POKROVSKY: At this stage of the Trial I have no 
further questions to ask ths witness, 

THE PRESmENT: Then the witness can go. 
[Tht witness lejt ike wtand.J 

MR. DODD: I should like to ask the Tribunal at this time to take 
judicial notice of the findings and the sentences imposed by the 
Military Court at Dachau, Germany, on the 13 th day of December 
1645. The findings were dated the 15th and the sentences on the 
13th. 1 have here a certified copy of the" findings and the se^enee5 t 
Document Number 3590-FS, which I should like to offer as. Exhibit 



Number USA-664 



IMT V 199 



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FORCE PEOPLE TO CLIMB TREES. THEN CUT THE TREES DOWN 



u r«b. « 

•In the territories of the Lithuanian 5.5 ,R., tht Hitlerites 
exterminated in great numbers not only the local population 
but also people who were driven here from the Orlov, Smo- 
lensk, Vitebsk, and Leningrad regions. From the summer of 
1943 to June 1944, £00,000 people passed through the camp 
for the evacuated population near the town of Alitous." 
You will see this camp in the movie document which will be pre- 
sented today, 

I omit the next part of the quotation and I read two paragraphs 
further down: 

^Due to the filthy Lving conditions, the unbelievable crowding, 
lack; of water, starvation, disease, and mass shootings, about 
60,000 Soviet citizens perished during 14 months in this camp ," 
I omit the two next pages ol the text and I quo-e from Page 2B8 
of the report. It is mentioned here that for the families of Hed 
Army soldiers special concentration camps were set Up in the terri- 
tories of the Lithuanian. S.S.R. The following order was posted in 
this, camp: 

"For expressing displeasure: with German authorities and for 
violation of the camp regime the Soviet people shall be shot 
without trial, jailed, or sent on forced labor for life to Ger- 
many." 

I omit one paragraph and continue: 

"A German woman in command of four such camps, Elisabeth 
Zeellng, frequently announced to the inmates. E You are my 
slaves; I shall punish you in any way I want/ " 
1 refer further to the report of the State Extraordinary Commis- 
sion relative to the Crimes in the City of Kiev. This report describes 
murden in the camps which will be also shown in the films today, 
I quote only one quotation from this report, which shows the methods 
of extermination of people in the Syretzk Camp . I quote Page 289, 
Paragraph 3, of the Russian text: 

"Radomsky andRieder used alL kinds of devices for the exter- 
mination pf Soviet citizens. For instance, they invented the 
following method of murder- SuVt.-raS Soviet prisoners would 
be Forced to chmfa a tree and others had to saw^T'down - ^!^ 
prisoners would fail together with the tree and Ul- killr?fl. n ' 
Further, I quote a short excerpt from the report of the Extra- 
ordinary State Commission on crimes in the Estonian S.S.R Thiti 
excerpt describes the very severe regime in the Estonian camps, 
I quote the last paragraph, on Page 90; 



"Daily in the camp there were public floggings of the. Inmates 
on a bench especially built for Ihis purpose. Besides this, for 
the smaUest offense people were kept without any ftiod for 

IMT VII 582 



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-14- 



. i . KILL B40J0O RUSSIANS AT SACHSENHALISEM 
ANO BUflN THE BODIES IN FOUR PORTABLE OVENS 



U Twb. 1* 

And ao we have established that the design and construction of 
th* crematoria ovens for German concentration camps, , . . 

THE PRESIDENT: The Tribunal would like to know as '.he y 
have not these letters befo re them, to wlmji thov were addressed. 

MR. COUNSELLOR SMISNOV: This letter, Mr. President, was 
addressed ta the SS units in Belgrade. These documents were taken 
by the Yugoslav Government. The SS units in Belgrade considered 
that the methods of extermination practiced in Bandetz and 
SaLmyshte, which t have already described to the Tribunal, were 
not adequate and they decided to perfect them. For this purpose 
they started building, or rather they designed the construction at 
crematoria in the concentration camps- This was the subject of the 
lively business correspondence between the SS police and the SS 
units in Belgrade and the German firms, part of which I have just 
presented to you. 

THE PRESIDENT: Were the other letters that you referred to 
also addressed to SS units? 

MR. COUNSELLOR SMIRNOV: Yes, Mr. President, they were 
also addressed to the SS units, The first Letter, addressed to the 
administration of the Auschwitz Camp wai from the Arm TopE 
and Sons. 

I shall now present to the Tribunal evidence of the fact that 
besides the stationary crematoria, there existed also movable 
gjTgmatgrj^. The Tribunal already knows about the movable gas 
chambers. These were "murder vans." There were abio created 
transportable crematoria . An, 55 member, Paul Waldmann r ti-SiifiC-s 



to their existence. lie was one of the participants Jo Che crima 
perpetrated by the German fascists when 540.000 Russian pr:joneis 
of war in Sachsenhausen were annihilated at one time Tin* E\hiaiL 
jumper USSR -H i fl>o:urncnt Number UaSjt-5^J on Auschwita hi!--. 
already been" preseh ted To the Coun I tJwAv Lhat particular c^trnct 
Yrom the testimony of an SS member,. WaSdmann, which nnenLion.-: 
the mass execution in Sachsenhausen: 

''The war prisoners murdered in this way were cremitcd. ifl_ 
four movable crematoria which were transported on """caT 
trailers." 

I omit the next two pages qf my report which deals with u as 
chambers and crematoria. I think the Tribunal already has a clear 
idea of this question, But l ask the Tribunal to pay attention to the 
repugnant methods introduced by the German fascists for industrial 



evidence Which would testify to even more repulsive uti] iiu.1 Lufi of 
the corpses Now I aha 11 quote from a report an Auschwit z, which 
the Tribunal will find on Page 353 f reverse side, o£ the document 



IMT VII 596 



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■15- 



. BASH PEOPLES BRAINS IN WITH A PEDAL-DRIVEN 

BRAIN-BASHING MACHINE WHILE LISTENING TO THE RADIO, 

THEN BOBN THE BODIES IN 4 PORTABLE OVENS 



U Feb II 



It is further sa:d that a particularly terrible regime existed r«i 
those included in the category of, recalcitrants. They were pui 
into a speciai building, named the death block. The Inmates u% 
this block were shot on sdie-dule, five to six. persons being take-fl 
to execution every Tuesday and Friday. The German physleisiti 
Kuper was one ol those present at the shootings. Academiuim 
Burdenko established that In the so-calltd hospital people wi-n 
exterminated in the same manner as in the rest of the camp. 

In the penultimate- paragraph, on Page 3, we read — members ai 
the Tribunal will find this passage on Page 73 of the document bunk 

"The scenes which f had to witness defy a!l imagination. 

My joy at the sight of the liberated, people was marred by 

the fact that their faces bore an expression of utter stupor. 

This made me think. 'What is the matter here?' Evidently 

the sufferings they had undergone erased from .their mind* 

all distinction between life and death, 

"I observed these people for 3 days and bandaged the is- 
wounds while moving them from the camp, but the mental 
stupor remain**!. Something similar could also be seen on 
the faces of the doctors during the first few days. 

"People perished in the camp from disease, starvation, and 
Hoggings. In the so-called 'hospital' prison they died of wound- 
infection, sepsis, and starvation." 

On the Sd day of May 1945, there was captured in BerSin c\ 
member of the SH, Pau3 Ludwifi Gottlieb Waldmann, The sort >A ' <■ 
shopkeeper, LudwLg WaLdrtlanfl. he was born in Berlin on 17 U^'." 
tier 1914. From information received, his mother, up to the tin- 
ol his capture, was living in the city of Brunswick, Donne I'bm - 
weg 60, 

He testified personally to facts known to him regarding the irtii-i* 
extermination of Soviet prisoners of war. He witnessed these esttvr- 
mlnalions while working as a driver in different camps and him-^if 
participated in the mass killings. ilis_ testimony is on Page "J ■■' 
Exhibit Number USSR-53 (Document Number "V55rV52). finUrly '■ 
"Camp Auschwitz ." He provides more detailed information on ih '' 
murders in the camp at Sachsenhausen . 

Towards the end of summer 1941, the Sonderkommando of lh«* 
Security Potice in this camp exterminated Russian prisoners of vmif 
daily for a whole month. Paul Ludwig Gottlieb Waldmanis 
testified — you will find the excerpt I am quoting dr Page &2 — tli.i 1- 
"The Russian prisoners of war had to walk about one kilo- 
meter from the station to the camp. In the camp they stayed 



one night without Joed, The next night they were Led away 
for execution. The prisoners were constantly being trans- 
ferred from the inner camp On three trucks, one of which wry- 



IMT VII 37fi 



16- 



ij reu. « 



driven by me, The inner camp waa approximately one and 
three-quarters of a kilometer from the execution grounds. 
The execution itself took place, in the barracks which had 
rwentry been constructed for thes purpose. 
" One room was rL-aen-tMJ for undressing and another tor 
waiting ; in one of them a_ radio played rather loudly , It was 
done purposely sa that the prisoners could not guess that 
death awaited them. From the second room they went, one 
by one, through a passage into a smali fenced-in room with 
an Iron grid let into the floor. Under the grid was a drain- 
As soon as a prisoner of war was killed, the corpse was 
carried out by two German prisoners while the blood was 
washed of! the grid, 

"In, this small room there was a slot in the wall, approxi- 
mately 50 centimeters in length. The prisoner of war stood 
with the back of his head against '.he slot and a sniper shot 
at him from behind the slot. In pruetice this arrangemen t 
did not, prove satisfactory, s:ni"e the sniper often missed the 
prisoner" After 8 days a new arrangement was made^ The 
prisoner, as before, was placed against the wall; an iron 
plate waa then slowly Lowered ontf> hi a head- The prisoner 
was u nder the impression that he was beir.£ measured fo r 
heigh TT The iron p!ate contained a ramrod, which shot out 
suddenly and" poLea^ed ;hc prisoner with a blow on the fragt 
of the head He dropped dead- The iron plate was opera L^j 
by a foot lever in a corner of. the room - 'fhe personnel 
working in the room be longed to the above-mentioned Sonder- 
kommando. 

"By r equest of the execution squad. I was also forced to work 
this apparatus. I shall refer to the subject later. The bodies 
of prisoners thus murdered were burned in four mobile 
crematories transported in trailers and attached to motor cajs^ 
I had to ri<Je constantly from The inner camp PS the execuLLon 
vard. I had to make 10 trips a night with 10 minutes' 



interval between trips. It was daring these intervals that 

I witnessed the executions . . . " 

It is a Eonjj vfjly from those individual murders to the death 
factories at Trcblinka, DaiAau, and Auschwitz, but, the tendency , 
the ting ot action are identica l, M &t hods~and extent at the killings 
varied. The HitEeriteS endeavored to discover ways and means for 
the rapid mass extermination at human beings . They spent much 
lime on the solution of thus problem. To realize their ambition they 
began to work on the solution even prior to their attack on the 
Soviet Union by inventing different implements and instruments of 
murder, while peaceful inhabitants and prisoners of war alike ended 
up as victims of Hitler's executioners. 

IMT VII 377 



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...TORTURE AND EXECUTE PEOPLE IN TIME TO MUSIC 




-— 



[>U Ordteild del in Li^cr JiihitpU tr'Fnnf cnen Mu-iikcr Spittl *|i-|i wTftJf+UnlEft^ >1B Tlfetfi il>rn w^TJtp 
t'£pheturi[l-ti uqj lliiaricricb.^ifi'ii mlliofcr 



31 



*: m 



o , 






en _< 

Is 



(-5 



2 

-] 

X 

X 



is 



p 




• .'■■? S: ' 



■ 



Dlt HenLez dri t. ■ (c-tt ■ J*rn>nk, VithiI. unil. WilShi.m, hf-im VtHmarn *tn ■Gtli-iiulM, nut dcr fcitclnilan 

tqti H ii t llin fvn he iiuw t*kn^n 



-19- 
SHOOT EVERY MEMBER OF THE ORCHESTRA 



ages of 2 end 4 years tested In the an and then took pot 
shots at them, while his daughter applauded and shrieked, 
'Papa, do it again; do It again, Papa!' ;Vnd he did it again. 
"The internees of this camp were exterminated for no reason 
at, all, often as a result of a bet. A. woman witaMS, KiiScimer, 
informed the Investigating Commission that a Gestapo Com- 
missar, Wepke, bet the Other camp executioners that he could 
cut a boy lii half with, one stroke at the axe. They did not 
believe him. So he caught a 10-year-old bay on the road, 
made him kneel down, told him to hide his face in the folded 
palms of his hands, made one test stroke, placed the child's 
head in a more convenient position and with one single stroke 
cut the boy in half. The Hitlerites heartily congratulated 
Yvepke, shaking hi in warmly by the hand, 

"In 1943, for Hitler's birthday— his 54th— the commandant 
of the Yanuv Cam? , Gbcrs'.urmfiiluer WiUbaus, picked out 
5-1 prisoners t>£ war and shot them himself. 
"A special hospital for prisoners was organized in the camp. 
The German hangmen Brambauer and Birman checked up the 
patients on the 1st and 15th day of each month, and, if they 
distovered "hat among the patien-j there were some who had 
been in the hospital for over 14 days, they shot them on the 
spot. Six or seven people were killed during each investi- 
gation. 

"Tha Germans executed *eir tortures, ill-treatments, and 
shooting to the a^^cmnamnent of musie . For this purpose 
they rreate3~a~5FBCLa*l orchestra geiectg-fj frcn among; the 
prUoneyj They forced Fiofes.ror Sind-id and the famous 
fOilJuctor ainnij tn cor.dint this urche-Stra 'Incy requcslTj" 
:he composers to v.t.il- a spi'L'.iil tune, t:i be ca.^i-;; :hL- 
' Tiir.ao of Death.' Shortly before dissaving the rains jne 
Germans shot every member of the orchestra ." 

Later on I will present to the Tribunal, as a v Koto-documen t, 
photogl'^ph.j of this "omhestTa of death. " 

What tcrik place in YanDV Camp WIS in no way exceptional. In 
exactiy the same manner the German fascist administration behaved 
in all conruntralion camp* in the occupied area of the Soviet Un^on, 
Poland, Yugoslavia, and other Eastern European countries. 

I submit to the International Military Tribunal Exhibit Number 
irSSK-Jg jUccuiOent Number • TJ5SK-39). It is a communique -A tht- 
roLu?h-5<lvA l t EKt raged. nary State Commission [or the- invi.'/.t:,-;.itLqti 
cf 'Air ,'tiTnr.^ re rpfrl r a:cd by th.- Gurmans in the extermination 
camp ol Maidani'k m tHe ci'-v 0- Lublin The Tribunal will find 
this comm unique on Page 63 of the document book. I quote 



IHT VII «Sl 



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-20- 



GAIND THE BONES Of MILLIONS DF PEOPLE 
III PORTABLE BONE-GfllNDING MACHINES 



urcb.M 



system prevaile d ^ the construe*™ of the p^mn^^J^ 

g^r^^^ ; nr "Cyclone B.» the uvens ol tbe cr^^y 
£FT*ll built a, the we typical lm«. and one was the pi* » «£™ 
big over .11 the camps of d«t*uclLoru J^ *VwiTme "^ 
rnnstrucUOn of tb * ^1-emriliM death "^°*. "* A ^f JT. 
rn - n - n . fr - r -| — -■= 'yn^ -^ ^" but which our pgqplu caxLcJ the 

t'hr j^SjfeS 3 mobile mi^ far pjrunlina numaa bonM- All ttoi 
ftSB one sole and " evil will uniffi ig all ike individual ««^ 
and en-ecutLantrs. 

i> w m , nHvinn* that Germ an thermotechni clans and ^^^ 
^du^rfra TO 'TV^ mPChani^ »nH ntiYSttaps were ^E^£ 
tl^rat^S^ M ' maSS murder ffl instructs ™"!^LijSB 
Hitler 1 , governme nt and ImM the Supreme iamanu ^ the Ger- 
man Armed Forces. It was also evident that ft* -death factor^ 
bought into existence an entire *eri« of ausluafy industries, 

But the unity of this will-to-* vii was not only apparent there 
where a special technique had been evolved to serve the P™P»* * 
very evil murder. Ste unity of this wilt-to-evil m»l» apparent 
iSthe -mlUrl^r of the method, employed by the murderer* 
from the uniformity of type in the murder technique *£"* » 
well a5 i» m the fact that, in eases where R* s f^V™n Armed 
employed, use was made of ordinary weapons of the German Armeo 

Forces, 

From the evidence which I shall eubnrit *«' an *° a wlU "J 
T ^ T ^ .„„ w h»T» the rnnnP ^ h»ri«i their virtlms were opened 

The£ sites J * r.»t,d trem each other by t^^j S- 
meters, and it ts quite evident that the crimes were perked by 
perfectly different people; but the methods ««P <^ d ™ "E 
lutely identical. Th. wounds w ^ invariably Inflirlori on the same 
But? I f the bodv~^^ identical, too, **re the p reparations for 

£™ry*W the u^rmed and defenseless people, gu their arrival 
at the execution ground, wer* ordered, in practically the same 
S™ to ""— "■* "» *^ ^ownw^rds in previously prepa^ 



nits. As soon as the t irsT paten w** au m -i ™.^.^- - - t 

?ySi ^f?,i, „ ^ hmKilfa of the i^ .™* the M wBr^g l 



wUhL_quLtiklirnff 



^h^ ^hont. to die, were J fj.in ordred by Up>uidj£gg 

covered the fir^t batch of victims. 

~ This is lesfciEied to not only by the uniformity ol instructions and 

order* r«eived Iron, high commands. So sbftllar wer* the method* 



IMT VII 439 



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-21- 



. . . GRIND THE BONES OF 200 PEOPLE (3/4 TON] AT ONE TIME 

AS DESCRIBED IN PHOTOGRAPHS AND DOCUMENTS 

WHICH HAVE DISAPPEARED 

II reb IE 

(0) This is a snapshot of the same group. Here you Me bofti 
women and young girls condemned tn death. 

(10j Ir. Yanoi- Camp the executions are carried ou: to the Strain * 
of the' 'Dca:ii Tiir.gy played by an orchestra conducted by ft rp feaso r 
Strike an Internee :n \h.. C-nr'.p. rug'-th.= r w i 1 h "" "h. js band.T.ajt?r 
Mund l. I reques'. Your Honors to observe ;wo joinLs of interest in. 
this snapshot. To the right we see the camp commander, 0per- 
gruppenf'Jhrer Gebauei-, in white uniform, and beh:r,dhim his dog 
Rex, known to us through many interrogations as haying seen 
trained to harass living persons ar,d to tear IhVm to pieces . It La 
avideni that Gebauer us leading the orchestra to the exe-L-j-.ion fir:Tund. 

(I If Ore of the gallows used by the German fascists in their 
endeavor to establish a regime of terror in thE tempera ri[y occupied 
territories of the Soviet Union. The snapshot was found in the files 
of the Yanoy Gesrapn. A woman of sorts is seen laughing at the 
foot of the gallows. 

[\2) A second gallows erected in the same market place, at Lvov 
also taken from 'me a rehires of the Gestapo. 

(13) I am showing Your Honors the snapshot of an entire street 
festooned with bodi** of Soviet cit^ens. This is a street in the city 
cf Lvov, and I beg to remind the Tribunal that accords ng ta the 
records of the Ministry for Foreign Affairs the samo hanging* also 
Occurred in Kharkov. 

(14) Thu same Street itl Lvov, The snapshot Was taken from the 
ardiLves of the Lvov Gestapo. 

(J 5] The gallows were not the only means of ex ecu'.. On The 
guillotine too. wag used on a vast [Scate, In this Snapshot you set; 
the heads of victims. guillotined In the prison of Danz:.g. The 
snapshot was taken in the Anatomic Institute in Danzig, where Che 
bodies of the victims were brought after execution. 

(16J I shall not show you too many snapshots af tortures inflicted 
I onsy Wish to show a few typiiral examples. Thai snapshot was 
taken irom a dead Gestapo soldier. It shows a voting gir! being 
flogged. Later you will see what next they did to her 

(17) It is not quite clear whether the girl is being strung up by 
the hair Or hanged by the neck Judgung by the convulsive movement 
of her hands, I think that a noose hasi just been pbced round her 
neck. Observe the bestial face of the scoundrel who is hanging her. 

(18) Here is a snapshot taken from a. dead Gestapo SOldLor. I wish 



to emphasize the manner in which the German fascists mocked the 
chastLty of the Russian women They had jus 1 , forced these Ukrainian 
women to run naked before the German brutes. 

( 1^1 This snapshot will help ypu ?o understand 1 subsequent events 
U represents a machine for grinding human bones Next to th~e 



IMT VII 549 



-22- 



II Ftb- « 

machine Hands thg prisoner of war who teedg the r eaching. It can 
grind the bonfts of 20'"!' jjfrrsona a 1 : a time. As has been proved tu d,. - 
fejnmissjwt, U has a constant y\?\d of MM cubic meters of bom- ft:/j r. 
That is all. Photographs are Identified as Exhibit! USSR-100. 1UI. 
102, 212, 3B5, 388, 339, 390, 395. 

WilL you now permit me Jo submit further documentary evidence* 
In the first part of my presentation I dealt with German mask 
terrorism and spoke specifically about the extermination of chi id run 
and the infamous methods used by the Germans with regaid lu 
them, since terror apnbed to children— terror most savage, most 
truta l — i H one of the characteristic features of fascist bestiality. 

I now present to the Tribunal evidence of maw extermination n1 
the population in various parts of Eastern Europe. I submit tti ihu 
Tribunal brief excerpts from the report O f the Polish Government, 
which Your Honors will find on Page 127 of the document bonk m 
the second paragraph of the text. It describes the so- called Ail n 
massacre. I quote! 

"At the end of December 1939 a Polish policeman Was shot in 
the vicimty of Warsaw by a bandit. Subsequent Investigations 
showed that the murderer was in a restaurant in Vaver. [»!»' 
Warsaw. Two German policemen tried to arrest him. When 
the police entered the restaurant, the bandit opened fire. 
killing one policeman and wounding another, that Ue, lie 
apparently killed one and wounded another. 
"In reply the German authorities, on 26 December 193 1 1 , 
ordered mas reprisals, and a punitive expedition made to 
appearance in the village. 

J 'A deUchmenl of XalutasdifUwiv' under ***« command uF am 
_** ...-.„ j; ,+d.u^^ +^ Vhwt Hiifi t.n the summer resort >.• 



fencer, was ^i^jjd.LtEiciui 



Anin. Bnih of these localities were surrounded by a enrrion, ■" 
soldiers. The proprietor gf the restaurant where the ewn.1 
occurred was immediately hanged, end his body suspended »■ 
front of his house for 1 days. At the same time the men wvir 
dragged out from every house. Having thus rounded MP ubi'-.i 
170 persons, the Germans made them stand in the uaiiw'»v 
station, fating the wall and with their hands held ataavi- Mu-ir 
heads, lor several hours- Afterwards their documents *.d 
checked and a few,- were dismissed, but the vast majority vfvty 
informed lhat they would be executed- They were then liiievn 
to a field, split up into groups of 10 to 14, and execute by 
volleys from machine guns- 

"The number of individual graves discovered an the exctuttoti 
ground amounted lt> 107- Among those executed were tw<i 
doctors, 30 youths under 1& years of age r and 12 old ™ » 



IMT VII 550 



-23- 



STUDY BONE GRINDING IN SPECIAL 10 
DAY CRASH COURSE SEMINARS 



i4 reb « 



ihnuld be destroyed in an overwhelming majority, although 
an appreciable number waa to be employed by the Germ art 
landowner* as slaves. These directives were the result of the 

policy of the German Government toward the peoples of the 
occupied territories; and, it must be confessed', were put into 

practice by every member of the Armed Forces, my&elf 

included. 1 ' 
Such were the courses dedicated to the training and education ol 
junior police officials 

But the fascist training school for murderers acknowledged othvc 
forms of education as well, forms specially dedicated to the tech nk[w 
Ol destroying all traces of the crimes committed. The Tribunal h.u 
already recei ved the document registered as ^ xh:bL - Ntimba - 
T7BSR-fiu-i ffl) (fim:a:w:-nt dumber USSR-BtiJ \li). This docum^L_ii 
mil* oE the appendices to the report uE thft Ea.:iaorct inary S'..iU 
Co mmission on German a-.roaties perpetrated on th e territary of Lh. - 
T Bgian oF Lvov. '1W document S the tehVJii onv uf thiTwii ■■■■*■< 
Manusev^tclL. nr.^rrop^d by the M^r assistant I QlTie p i o^t: l_uL. ;■ 
of" the Lvov region, by the special req uest of ths E x I ra w rd i ■ vily 



1.-P +1-i*i. Intjii'r.^n'ihnrv 9>ra PMWPrl I 



jyVXXC uomrmaajpfi hip nur.uia ui i"g J'"-'- ■>■ >■■-•& ■• -'" J " Ll - "■■■ '_ ■_;-■■ 

COniarmiLy with the iu^Lii yftiii* ot the T .J ^ r a Ljij a ei Soviet Swi-i'.M 
ftepubbe 'The Tribunal Will Hud these minutes on Page 4B of tfu- 
dncument book. 

Manusevitch was imprisoned by the Germans in Yanov Caruji 
when: he worked in the prisoners' squad lor burning corps.* vi 
murdered Soviet citizens. Alter the 40.000 corpus murrterud in 
Yanov Catap were burned, the squad was transferred for *lmrt"t 
purposes to the camp in LSssenitsky Wood. 

I now quote from the record of tha Interrogation, which ttu- 
Tribunal will And on Page 52 of the document book, Paragraph I 
from, the top, Line 26. I begin: 

"In the death factory of this camp special 10-d av courses on. 
corpse burning warfl organised, on which 12 men wei^ 
employer!. Pupds attending these courses came from the camps 
of Lublin. Warsaw, alll others whose names escape me, 1 d'» 
not know the surnames of the pupils, but they were office i-h 
from colonels to sergeant majors, not soldiers from the rank 
and Ale. The instructor at these 'courses was the officer J" 
command of crematories, Colonel SchaUuk. On the Site where 
the bodies were exhumed and burned hs e xplained l|'" 
pracTI-ul tr.nnnnr of Ihcif burning and buW tn se: up '■■: ■ 
machinery for bone crushing " 

Liter on, photographs of Hi is machi ne will be submitted to lb- 
Tribunal together with a description, or rather, 1 should say. uai- 
nical directions. 

IMT VII 416 



Aiiolher noii-(imiani bone grinding machino" described 
ill itnolhai dociimanl which has dmnppeaied . . . 



Sdusrlack. taught thg cnnrmatn-JflnU on Lht; apoi how to 

organize the c-KhunuiliiKi of thfr cnrp*cs from Lfit' g:aiEE, how 
to pile thfllTl oil »iJ cli?i7 burn 1h cm, HowTa n/dEt^: - tilt- a^ht'j i, 
in c mJih thf= tinm-i." Ij Fill Up IjUt ditched ■■ifnl hi^'fo phTn t 
frees una bruith. worid tm the graves as camou 1 1 a -jc ^ 

I now rvfer ta a document which, h ft 5 alrejdy been .vobrnittcd hi 
thf-~TfjbUJull aa Document Numb-Li USSR>61. which i^ JKi R^nrl q [ 
the E-x.trni nation In ;hi: niwn of LVOV of the >£?_?' al rnsdi-nc for tn 
crushing ol hon es This re^'Jrd may be Fnund^yHJiilfiL''rn1^r'i"'jrT] i tL- 
Tribunal on Fage m ot the document booic. Ai I have very little 
lime l*f£ at my disposal, I ihali only quote Vary short excerpts, r 



quale rara|;rapn i, an iragu j^i. 

"The mntdtmy Ear cniafcntf boncj Wns trtixinteri' cm j Hit!€aal_ 

carriage nn 1 he "pla tTDrm of a trailer It 35 h-^jt; ly Ts n -. pn r.a lb '.C 

.. . , , r ,, — p—i "TT^*"~~rr^~"~r^^ 

by atiLu-nYutiUL'fr ur oilier menrm of l.-.in:.sp.-.r.,iliDii withinr, div- 

riimiii'ii:i£ " ~~ 

I omit the next paragraph, and shall read one more short extract: 
" The machine Will function [n any apflt and does not rcqULrC 
add l Llonal j da pi all an h cat, be- IrJiTLspa rted b^ ^ U tomiibi Lc O f 
any or her" i>v-Ti"ii-1i" 
" A ajftcMgg vt these dimensions can produce 3 cubic meters 

of calcinated bone- pn.wd*r during I hu.ir'' 

■i ■ 

I am 1 1 the m>xt four pa.ges of the ft! port, and subnet to the Tri- 
bunal as cvldrnee thr origLnal record; of ths IntErrugalion of Gerhard 
Adameta (Exhibit U55R-SD. Document Number USSR-SO), taken by 
an American army lieutenant, PaLndc McMahun Gsrhard Adam a u 
wai Interrogated under oath . I dwell esputiuily uri ihi.-; document 
which /i aii n«en put kindly at our disptiaal by our American 
coLlifajiyei, becatuie Adameti 1 teittmnny, La ill* a leg*] term. In some 
paints CDrmboruLes cur awn evidential material Tht- testimony is 
vtry lengthy, unrt I will limit myBeli to a Eetw ihurt quotations. 

Gerhard Ada met* was a member oE SDrtdiirknmmando IWn^B 
I draw thp nttention af the Tribunal a^ain to lhc fact that the first 
Soodprkommando waa aurjply IMS; this one U* Sonderkarnrnaiidb 
I0H5-B. Th« #XMcrpt which I shall quale (nam the lettimony oE 
Gerhard AdomeU will be found by the members of the Tnbunnl on 
Fagfr ABQ at the document boolf. beginning With th|t vs-.sw.t para- 
graph. Gerhard Adametz said that, together with 40 oLhcr membera 
of the Schutjpoliaei, he left Dnicprapelrovjk and was sen! to Kiev. 
1 remind the Tribunal of the name u! Baybe-yar, which the Tribunal 
has already heard, I btgin to quote the teatlmjony of Adnmetx, 
Page ,147 

HI Our Leutnant Wmt-r reported about our column to Gber- 

iButrLflnl Hanisch, who was the ZugfvUin^ of the StaiutzpoUse/i 



IMT VII H3 



-25- 
... in Ihia version the "bane grindeis" hnvt horjiiiMu huJIdo/fi- 



LI Feh 



then ignited. About 2 H W>0 to 3.0M corpses were placed in each 
ol these "(wens. 1 " The Germany detailed special crexva for the 
removal of earrings, rings, and also gold teeth from thp frura 



of the dead 

' 'When all the corpse* were burned, new "oven*" were 
alacked. and. so 0tt The buati ItferE sTnaah^d. inl-M smaJl 
portiCltia ay DLi-lldcuErj and the rtMns strewn i>yer Th-: Y.i r, so 
fffat jttj" Tjyjre& ahuiild be tst t. The men wgrkpd from 12, to 
I, 1 ? Einuri ei day 

" 'The German* uaed ejteavator.s in order to expedite ihe 
Work. Frnra 10 AufltiSS UAtLl The day nf nur escape — J9 Sep- 
tember— approiimately 7!), [1^0 cor psti Were burned.' " 

trnte-rrupt thm quotation and invite the attention of the Tribmn. il 
ta a'docnr^Tit oh j" t ^ ^B7, Volume li, Parag/rnph 5 nf the JticuniCn t 
iTmjk '.irj-.riJ column. Hl .:^ ib a njpu.-l L-f L bi- E* '. rao raiai ,i r>- ^EaW 
CnmTi -^|i-.[j :m Crimea of th? Q-p-rninai fascia?. Invade rain The rirritor y 
pi IhF- Ljl'.^r, S!?H, In the p3j^ to 7*-hicfi I w-iU draw r n » 
attention 'jf the Trihqnbl it Ja shown that the Hitlerites Jiystomatkally 
carried out executions in the ifnre&t of etrkeneck. I make a speciiiJ 
poin: oE quoLi ruy thJd because farther on we shall present docu- 
mentary films showing full details oE these mass ahoatmns. t beam 
the quotation.: 

M In the forest of BirklVtMk, Qn the OuLiklrta or Ihe -Bliy of 
Higa t the Hitlerites shot +fl,5QQ peaceful dtiaarb*, The wilncis, 
M- StabuJnek, a woman who lived m the vicinity uf the Enresi, 
stared that: 

? 'On. Friday and Saturday before Easier, l&il, packed, busses 
<smrnl from the city to thr ftircdt. I iivV 41 bUiUcJ passing fcny 
hoiuio from the beginning of Friday mom in ft tr> noon. Ott 
Easter Sunday, many tnhab^anLs — I among them — -went into 
the loniit to the atte oi the otowuNuhJ Tht-rt.* wi: saw one 
large open pit containing tne bodies of 'women and children 
who ha-d been a\\(A\ ihty wi« either naked or In their under' 
Wear. There were traces of torture and ill- treatment on the 
corpses of the women on ft children, many of whom had blaLk 
and blue bruiics on their facw and cuts on their head.n S^mc 
bad hnd rheir hands and fingers cut off, their eyes gouged 
out, and their stomachs ripped opcn,'"■ 

I nnwom:l ono paragraph and continue: 

"The cgmmlssi&n discovered, on Xhp L-jcecutton ground,, 55 graves 
covering a total area of 2,095 square meters." 

I quote one more paragraph Irom titty communication: 

J, fn the fares! ot Drmbn. 5 to 7 kilometers i»ast of Riga, along 
the highway to Luban, the tlermana ahol over I3,()0u penerful 



IMT VII sst 



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-26- 
WHUP THEM WITH SPECIAL SPANKING MACHINES 



n IkflL « 

MME. VAJLLANT-COUTUEIER; Yes, in principle, non-Jewish 
women were allowed to have tbe-ir babies, and the babies were not 
taken away from them; but conditions in the camp being so 
horrible, the babies rarely lived (or more than 4 or 5 weeks- 

There- was one block where the Polish and Russian mothers were. 
One day the Russian mothers, having been accused of making tog 
much noise, had to Stand for roll call all day long in front Of the 
block, naked, with their babies in their arms. 

M, DUEQST; What was the disciplinary system of the carnp? 
Who kept order and discipline? What were the punishments? 

MME. VAILLANT-COLTURIEH: Generally speaking the SS 
economized on many of their own personnel by employing internees 
for watching the camp; SS only supervised. These internees were 
chosen from German common-law criminals and. prostitutes, and 
sometimes those of other nationalities, but most of them were Ger- 
mans. By corruption, accusation, and terror they succeeded in 
making veritable human, beasts of them; and the internees had as 
much cause to complain about them as about the SS themselves. 
They beat us just as hard as the SS; and as to the SS, the men 
behaved like the women and the women were as savage as the men. 
There was no difference. 

The system employed by the SS of degrading human beings to 
the utmost by terrorizing them and causing them, through fear to 
commit act? which made 'them ashamed of themselves, resulted in 
their being no longer human. This was what they wanted. It took 
a great deal of courage to resist this atmosphere of terror and cor- 
ruption. 

M. DUBOST: Who meted out punishments? 

MME. VAlLLANT-COUTUHIERi The SS leaders, men and 
women, 

M. DUBOST: What was the nature of the punishments? 

MME, VA1LLANT- COUTURIER: Bodily ill-treatment in partic- 
ular. Qne ol the most usual punishments Was 50 blow's with a stick 

on the loins. They werv administered 'with a machine W-'i'di J saw, 
_ _..,!~„:~~ ^ T _..J.._ _-. !_..1_,l-J T... ^_ JU PIU ...T-. _l_. 



a swinging ■appa.ra.ma iTiaiupmamu py an jj. mere were a ISO 
endless roll calls day and night, or gymnastics- flat On the betly, gel 
up, lie down, up, down, lor hours, and anyone who feD was Oeaten 
unmercifully and taken to Block 25, 

M. DUBOST: How did the S3 behave towards the women? And 
the women SS7 

MME- VATLLANT-COUTURIER: At Auschwitz ther# was a 
brothel tot the SS and also one lor the male Internees ol the staff, 
who were called "Kapo." Moreover, when the SS needed servants. 

IMT VI 2l3 



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-27- 



Nale that photographs of German leaders, concentration camps. 

etc. are in full supply, but that photos of bone grinders, 

□enable ovens etc. have all disappeared. 



•U-L 





IMT XXXVII 



411 



-28- 



DSMl 








|r ^ Lr A-7.,X' 






■ ■, . ■,. '-■ ■ r **- ,. 



1MT XXXVII 



415 



■29- 



Olft-l, 









IMT XXXVII 



117 



-30* 
M.iuthausen 



t--i.i. 












'. >> 9. 




p *^*$Sk 



1 U-M VVV\JTT 



J1P 



_■_ n j. s\.j\j\ v j. _i_ 



-31- 



pU*9K-' 



*■■* 



> 






\^ 



•o 








h * 



. J: ■. _r. 



..r1.- P t:*vi ii_i3 



7f>^ 





IMT XXXVII 



421 



■32- 



Jewish "criminal types" from the Lsmhujg ghetto 



au-i. 






f-: , , ■ ■ ■-: 



IMT XXXVII 



423 



■33- 












IMT XXXVII 



429 



■34- 





IMT XXXVII 



431 



MADE IN RUSSIA - THE HOLOCO$T 

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-35- 

MAKE LAMPSHADES OUT OF HUMAN SKIN 



Volk&gemelnsdiafLen auf der Erde. sind di* beste Garantie fur die 
Aditunpj der Kechte der V63ker untereinander. Der- NatEonal- 
sciialismus cmeueri dan Denken iiber Staat und Volk In der Well 
und wlrd dadurchaucn unseren. Votk&gcnossun in ihrem scbweren 
Kampfe nichl mij- ErkJehterung, sondem Erjosung brfngen, Die 
Steele fur die praktischt Durciifuhrujij; diesST Grundsalze isl die 
Auslands organisation der N5-D.A.P. , die dem Stell- 
vertreter des Fuhrera, HeicbsminMer Rudolf Kefl, unmittelbar 
unlersk'Ht isl Der Leiter, Gsuleiter Ernst Wilhelm Bohle, gab uns 
mit sdnen dnzelnen Mitarbeilem zusammen bei ttnem Eesuch in 
den cinzelnen Abteilungen der OrganisatLDnsst?])e am Harveste- 
huderweg Z2 einen Uberblick liber Aufgaben und Glsederung der 
Auslandsorg?nisation r die in den tetzten Wochen und Monafen so 
rege arbeitel, dad der Widerhall dJeser zahen und zielbewuRten 
Arbeit fiueh in Hamburg selbst (leutiieb Wabmebmbar war. Dai 
Wirken der Auslandsorga-nj&alion ei&lreckt £Ech buchstablich rund 
«m den Erdbatt, und mpt Fug und Reeht ki>nn(e der Wahlspruch an 
ihrer Arbeitsstatte am Haruestehudieiweg in Hamburg stehen: 
„Mein Feld ist dte Well." Die Audands-Organisation unter Leitung 
vgn Gauleiter E, W. Bohle, dem ein groBer Stab saehkundiger und 
beiahigter Mitarbeiter zur Seile steht, umJaBt beute uber 
350 Lajidesgruppen und Stiitzpunkte der N,S,D.AJ*- 
in alien Weltteile-n und betreu.1 dsruber bin a us eine grofle 
Anzabl Einzelparltigenossen an den verschiedensten Platzen. 



DOCUMENT 3420.PS and 3433-PS 

PHOTQQftrtPHS PF SPECIMENS PF TATTOOED HUMAN SKIN USED 
FOR ORNAMENTAL- PURPOSES. FOUND AT fcUCHENWALD CON- 
CENTRATION CAMP CEXHIBIT USA-252) 



EXPLANATORY NOTE: 



Four FhMDgrjphi rrprcdun-rd. Sr« $J21-PS for dVuntBtllLH 



IWT XXXII 



259 



■36- 



($ae also David's Philistine loreskin collection, 1 Samuel 18:25-27} 



Bt£t-FE 




1 


1 I 


■ 


> 


,.,..■_ r u li ■■:.■■ ■ #■» 1 


i 


. 


, 



IWT XXXII 



259 



■37- 



»»-ps 





1MT XXXIJ 



261 



-& 



MZ4-F3 





IMT XXXII 



261 



■W- 



m»-fs 




IMT XXXII 



265 



-411. 



ol in official United States Army report describing the circum- 
stances under which this esrubit waa obtained- and that sutracc is 
Kl forth Ju Document 3420-FS> Which I ruler to in part It la 
entitled: 

"Mobile Field Interrogation Unit Number 2, PW Intelligence 
Bulletin, 13, Concent™ tipn Camp, finch en wald. 
"Preamble. The aulhor of ihis air fount Is PW Andreas 
Pfaflcnbereer, 1 Coy, 9 LnndesschUUen Bn., i3 yean aid and 
of Lmncd education. He Is a butcher by trade. The substan- 
tial agreemenJ of the details of Ma story with those found In 
PWtB [H} /LF/SB- establishes the validity of his testimony, 
PW has not been questioned on statement !? which, in the ligh t 
of what la known, are- apparently crrnnen'ua in certain delalli , 
nor Eai any effort been made to alter the juojectivt- 
eharacter of the PW'i account, which he wrote without being 
toEd anything at the intelligence already known The results 
of Latermfation on pe rrei n alliies dl Buchenwaid hatfc already 
been published fPWIB Number j/i^j item 11. ]. 
" In 19:59 all prisoner* with tattooing on them were ordered 
to- report to the dispensary.' " 

THE PRESIPEUT' Ai this what PfaiELnberger said" 
MP. DODD: Yci, Sir. 

"* 'No one knew what the purpose W4S; but after the tattooed 
priannftr* had been exa mined, the ones with the best and 
most artistic specimens were kept in the dispensary and then 
killed by Injections administered by Karl Ueigs, m criminal 
prisoner. The corpses were then turned aver to the patho- 
logical department where the desired piece* of tattooed skin 
were detached from the bodies and treated. , The finished 
products were turned over to S5 Standartenliihrer Koch's 
wile, who had them fashioned into Lamp shades, and other 
ornamental household TFticles- 1 myself saw audi tjitlonel^ 
g^niwith'variciua deslunj and legendr, ul them, such a~ 
"Hansel ami Cretcl," which One prisoner had Oil his knee. 



a_nd designs of ihipi from, prison e^6 , chests . Thia work waa 
d^nr by a prisoner named wemerbach." - 

I also ref ur to Document 342 l-PS, which bear* Exhibit Number 
lF5A-2$3, 

"I, George C. Ucmas, Lieutenant, USNfl, asaiactatfcd with the 
United Stales Chief qV Counsel fur the Prosecution of Axis 
Criminality, hereby certify that the attached exhibit, consist- 
ing of parchment, was delivered by the War Crimea Section, 
Judge Advocate General, United Stales Army, to me in my 
above capacity, in the usual course of business, ** an exhibit 



IMT III 5|) 



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-4J 
CUT PEOPLE'S HEADS OFF AND SHRINK THEM 



found in Buthcnwald Camp and raptured by milllaxy farces. 

under the mmmand of the Supreme Command iir, Allied 

Expeditionary Forces." 

And the last paragraph of Document 3423-PS (Exhibit U5A-252} 
ii a conclusion reached in a United Suites Army report, and 
I quote it: 

<1 Based on the findinaa in Paragraph 2 h all three jpectmons 

are tattooed human skin *' 

This document La also attached to this exhihLt on the board. W«r 
do not wish to dwell on thia pathological phas& Ql the Nazi culture, 
but we do Ire I compc-Ued to offer on i? addltlimal exhibit, which we 
offer as Exhibit Number U5A-25*. This exhibit, which ta on the 
table, 15 a_humfln flPfld With the skull bone removed, jShru ^n k c n 
Stuff ud. arid^ra&c'rv-id'. The Nazis had one at their mariy vIctTMj 



decjplULed, after ha^g' had lil m hanged,~appaFently~Tor frateml;- 



[ wjr.h j German womriii. Hid fashioned this terrible &rnam-:.- I 

r " I m- ■ ■ ■ — ^i^i^^^^ 

rom hSs head 
^^^^^^■^™ ■ * 

The (art paragraph of the official United Statu Army report 
from which I have Juiit read deala with the manner in which this 
exhibit wan acquired. It reads aa follows: 

" There I alSQ saw tne shrunken heads of twn yOung Fj>li'3 L _ 
who had been hanged for hiivtng rtzlaUi^ With GerninTn ^rla, 
ThL'Tiu-ads wxre m Jh<z slu/fri a Oil, and the"h"air""aa"crthc"iga"r^ 
of the tope vt'ecE iLill tlmr-'.'" 

Another certificate by Lieutenant Dem&s is set forth in Docu- 
ment 3422-FS (Exhibit USA-254) and b similar Id the one which I 
have read a lew minutes ago with relation, to the human ikjn, 
eiL'splina ihit it applies to this second exhibit, We have no accurate 
estimate uf how many personi died in the&e concentration cnrnp-J 
and perhaps none will ever be made; but as the evidence- a trend? 
Introduced, before this* Tribunal Indicated, the Na^i conspiralMi. 1 ' 
wgrf genera U y met] co.|oi_ s record keeper*- But the recQTrJg which 
they kept «bL-iut enncentrauqn ramps appear to have been quHe 
lnrPfrspletg Perhaps the character of the record* resulted front I he 
indifference which the Nazis felt for the Uvea. of their vltitlms. Bui 
occasionally wc find a death bank or a act of Index cards. For the 
moat part, nevertheless, the victims apparently faded into an 
unrecorded death. Reference to a set of death books su^yesls at 
once the Kate of the concentration ramp operations, and we refer 
now and offer Document Number 493-FS as Exhibit Number 
USA-Mi. This exhibit la ■ set of seven, books, the death ledger of 
the Mauthausen Concentration Camp Each book has on Its cover 
the word H Totunbuch" tor Death Btmk) — Mauthausen. 

In these books were recorded the names of lOme of the inmates 



who died or were murdered In ihfi amp, and the books cover Lhc 

iht in **» 



DOCUMENT J421-PS 

CERTIFCCATfOH OF ORIGIN OF EXHIBIT USA-252- IMSO-P&t AND 

ACCOUNT BY GERMAN PRISONER OF WAR OF THE KILUNG OF 

PHISONERS IN BUCHENWALD CONCENTRATION CAMP TO OBTAIN 

TATTOOED KUVtAK SKIN FOR ORNAMENTAL PURPOSES i EXHIBIT 

USA-nir 



OFFICE OF U, S. CHIEF OF COUNSEL 
FOH THE PROSECUTION OF AXIS 

CRIMINALITY 



18 November 1&+5 



CERTIFICATE 



I, GEORGE C. DEMAS r LIEUT., USNH, ■Jsoriated' with the 
United State* Chit! ol Counsel for the Prosecution o? Amis Crim- 
inality, hereby certify ilia l th.fr Attached exhibit, consisting at parch- 
ment, was delivered by the War Crimes Sett ion. Judge Advocate 
General, U. 3. Army, to me In my above capacity, in the usual 
course of official business,, as an exhibit found In Euehenwald! Camp 
and. captured by military fcrces unik-r lh^ command oE the Supreme 
Commande. Allied Expeditionary Farres. 

NAME G e o t p e C Dtniti 
RANK Lieutenant, USNH 
FILE NO. 3 019 7 3 



AFFIDAVIT 

Before me, Sidney N. Schreiher, and Lieutenant AC. being 
authorized to administer oaths, personally appeared Jack R. Ncwitz* 
2nd Lieutenant AUS. who, being by me tint duly sworn, made and 
mbacrlbed the following ilnlBmenl : 

1, That sometime during the period of April tfi July lM5 r the 
exhibit attached, hereto, labeled "Section of 'Human Skin Lamp 



Shade," Buehen wald Coricentrat Lou Camp," wu described to me 
by Raymond M. Giveni, Lieutenant Colonel, Infantry, to have been 
secured by hun as fotluwi 

That during thi? Investigation and preparation, of 

evidence regarding war crim«*s committed as the Maid 
IMT XJOCII 3«7 



- 



HII-JS 



Buchenwald CDnwAtnlion Cnmo, he had acted ** 
fciueali|ator-£jcamtner a*aign«d to the Judflii Advocate 
Section, War Crimes Br ouch. Third Unite* States Army: 

That the' abuYt exhibit was secured by him at said 
camp during the period of the invert I (at ion and turned 
over la the War Crimes Branch of the Judge Advocate 
Section. Third United States Army, along wjth the 
other evidence secured ifi the caie, 
2. That the attached exhibit ]■ tho one referred to in the abort 



itstcnients made to me. 



Jacfe H. Noiuitz., 

jack it nowttz, 

2nd Lt-. AUS. 



Subscribed nnd sworn lo before me *t Munich, Germany H 
J NovEmtcr^a 

Ei&ncy M. S<&T*lhtT 
SIDNEY N. SCHHEIBER, 
2nd Lt., AC, 
lnvosti£itpr"ELxanuiiac. 



on 



SECRET 



Mobile Field rnlerfogaUgn Unit No. 3 
PW INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN 

No ztia 1B Deccmber W4 

Address Brleli end Rcqu^tti lo HQ, FID, MtS. APO 887 

EXTRACT 



13. Concentration CmD.BUCHENWALD 

PreamMo The lutirar of thli account I. PW And.™ 
FFAFFENBERGER, 1 Coy, B Landessthuetzan Br>- 43 yws old «* 
j7mUe7edu-tlon, h/u . butdur by ir-d.. The ™*™£ 
irament of the detail- *» *■ •to'y with those found in PWIS 
(HJ/tF/736 establishes the validity of hu testimony. 

PW h» not P~ ™ j^tloned « ttn^TTinnl, Whifh m the lljjht 
£ .T^Tir rr^r^ .,t> nB rofLUv jfr^i m certain d*ta[U no 
£fany effort been -de to iiltVr th e subjective character af P*T. 

IMT XXXII *■"■ 



^■1- 



Mit Pa 



account, which he wrote without being told anything uf the intel- 
ligence already kbtiWft Resulu of inturrogarsun on pursonu lilies At 
BUL'M£N*WALD have »h;&ady been published iPWTB No 3/13 
Item 31). 



In 1933, all prison-em with tattooing on them Wtre ordered To 
report to the dispensary. No ont knew whaL the pUrpone was. Bill , 

after the tattooed prisoners had b«n examined, the ones with the 
best and must artistic ipecimeni werp kept in the dispensary, anil 
then killed by injections, administered by Knrl B E I OS , a criminal 
prisoner. The corpses were then turned ovti to the pathological 
department, where the deiired pieces aC iaMoed akin wc-rc detached 
from thtr bodies and treaiud. The flnijlhed products Were turned 
over to SS Standartenfuchrer KOCH's wife, who had them fa Ah" 
toned Into lampshadrt and other pmamer.taL household arLirtes , 
I myaeU jaw such tattoed akih', with various dealgna and le&^nri -. 
on th^m. inch as "Hanal unii GnetT'. which one prisoner tind had 
on his fanse, and ghepa fruin TifiaoncrA 1 cheats This work wjii done I 

by b prisoner named WEHNERBACH | 

There I also saw the >h run ken head;! of two young Pnlg* who 
had "fa'pan ' harj^lj for having had tula Lor, j vmlh Gi'rmuu £liL-. The 
heads wt.-fe the ~sl=e &E a fist, and the hJlr and th? mark" a af the I 

fope w-jrv Liiilj there, 

ID 7f9i<mbtr 1945 



Certi/Teri to be a trutf copy 
Jamns Br Cknvairmi 
Cmmnartdrr, VS!VR 



DQCUMfNT *J22-PS 

photograph or sHBUBaaiN human head founp iest &ucHEtt- 

WAIJJ CONCENTRATION CAMP. AND CUflTIFTCATlOW [EXHIBIT 

BXPLA.VATOnt ft'CIT 

Ph<i[0 ■/ head: leprndmrcd. Cttrirt fjora PW IjiIfLL. BjIIeLib lejudilinrtd Wltdr-r 
312t.PS 



IMT XXXII 28s, 



-4S- 



a*a?-PS 



OFFICE OF VS. CHIEF OF COUNSEL 

FOB THE PROSECUTION OF AXIS 

CRIMINALITY 



16 November 1945. 



CERTIFICATE 



I. GEORGE C DEM AS, LTEUT, r UENR, rare La Led with j$p 
Unite*] Stales Chief of Counsel for the Prosecution, of Axis Crim- 
jnsllly, hereby certify that the aUacherl tsihibit, cDPFiFtin.fi af one 
shrunken head, waa delivered by the War Crimes Section, Judge 
Advocate CcneraL Us Array, lo mfr In my ahuve capacity, in the 
tiiual course, of official business,, » an exhibit found in Buchcnwald 
Camp and captured by military forces under the command at itvl 
Supreme Commandc;, AJlipd EKpedltlnniiry Forces. 

NAME GEQRCE C. DEM AS 
RANK Lieutenani.USNR 

FILE NO 5 01 »73 



WAR CRIMES BRANCH ') 
Reco r cf s • S ubsecl ion 

ID November IMS 

Receipt for the two following exhibit* of ConccnlrflLjon Camp 
Budienwald i£ hereby acknowledged: 

Item 105 3 piecei vl human skin iimtooeiJJ exhlbu B 2 

Item HJ6 Human head [ shrunken) exhibit B 3 

GEORGE C DEMAS 
Lt USNlt 



I*1T XXX II 2?0 



^46- 



\Ho\9 that toraiistc tests era neirpr (Hirfoimetf and Kid l ihc witness 
almgst never Bpfsaar in court] 



i 

■ * 























;; 


ww .'*" 
















IHT XXXII IT1 



-47- 



. . . MAKE POCKET BOOKS AND DRIVING GLOVES FOR S.S. OFFICERS 

OUT OF HUMAN SKIN 



Q. Wat Dr.HASCHER in charge of thi* work for this whole b^m } 

A Jfiw RA5CHEH told me that he had been put nn, ihts *$$ ,.. 
HIMMLEH personally and he was there until ll was dh.i nil, .;,.,. 
I forgot lo mention that Lri the early part of the ^vurk m hi< 
Russian civilian^, prisoners of war And Jew* Cf A LI n.iUiHi i Im i 
were used Particular attention wia ptid In being mii- il M t'„, 
nun was a Russian. COmmtiSQT Of some sort of liiii?l|i_r(u.u1 

Q. la inert Anything elae that you would like to ado afetr)< -h,t 
experiment? 

A. Yes. I can never forget the way RASCHER acted. RAJfa!HfiJ| 
used to jo far the prisoners personally and would brm^ ilnui 
In at plitol point, He would casually ahaoK any who ttiflil (U 
mak* a break or any who did not move fast enoutLh On, ,■ 
herded Into the? room he would inter and tell then tfi n Hi- f 
had fifteen mmutcs ti> Lvc- and he would relax the phih^iitym 
of no amoklng oinung, prisoners and that they could hit 1 " 1 j 
Smoke. The most disgusting part Wi3 that when the pi\i'*.:vL 
lined up, RASCHER would go slung and make what h f-ili 1 I 
a leather inspection He would grab a man by the button anJ in 
thlghi And say "good.'" Afser the group had been kilk-ri, tJi *v" 
from theie bodies would be removed from these thlc'Lu "'■■ , 
but lock*. I was In the office many limes when human silt in tfiil» 
blood still on it wu brought into RASCHER After ih L - l--«im 
had been carted away, RASCHER would Inspect them cm Mk 
hoiding them, up to the light for flaws, and would' pn'SK Ofl tl.^t, 
before they wi*re tanned. They were always itretiiicd nvfr mr "'- 
wooden frames when they came to RASCHER. 1 saw tin- tin -■*■ ■ I 
leather later made into a handbag that_ Mrs. HAS-CnKU v I ■■ 
carrying Must of it wrnl for driving aUotfias fo r Th? SB vU'i»f 
of the camp 

Q Was this Bo-called "Doctor" a doctor of medicine ojt sclent-' 

A- He was a doctor at medicine, I do know that. He 

— rair 1 — 



was about thirty -Jour yeara al age. I h*ve been lnl'1 t1 ' 

RASCHER wa§ killed by the SS before Lhe Americana ft v,t ' 

but I h»ve na proof ol Ui*t 
Q. Wore there »ny other experlmifiu conducted other ton " |M ' 
you hJV(i mentioned? 

Ah V,.4 

(]. Whit were they' 
IMT XXX 3 " 



^iU 



*i" r : • 



prifl chamber dl the new crematorium and ritremllles of the 
bcriy amputated wittafllit the «ae of HnanithetJcs. i.e., living nodjpj 
W*ft used to Simulate battle, field condition wiaufldU and shell 
Art wounds The rnnguluti on Jtatb? were bt-Lng candu^ted (hiring 
ih?i Unit. Dr. RASCIlER l-wi dueled thi* experiment and would 
lifllC dictate his ftfcdffifll foi- the official report. 

ii Vfrfc Ihi-ri- any i>:hpr [rlinfii of this nature that went on. 1 

A. I remember In partivulur ally report I made Out alnna.it ahvilVs 
mrted wiih the rerrtiiLrk "Experiment successful but the psiLant 
rllfld," Thii may 5nurv,1 like a Juk* as 1 have heard, iT before but 
I hnve never had Icj writs J I before and ma I lie Jt w,\a true. 

ij fti-L! there any more experiments y->u remembe r wherein yft'u 
l'.ih give names 01 personnel conduct itj- them 1 ,' 

A, None, except I would IsKe 1u te5J what j ItnoWS of the dimaeoni 
rjd-r>, F wy* thrown intu lhe cluntfeon after having escaped frnrn 
mffiB, The circumstances iM" my esi'api- wi.'re thjs! in R.4J3 1" HE ft* 
flbsonix I cleaned rant his safe ami tfwik u]] sigrtud r&CELrits ui eh1 = 

'■■■ 1: ■■-■■- ."■ ; ; ■■■ I -ii ih ■■- k.vs- "Hj-:.rt >,,,.\ .:••■' ■ .I'-i-ji--. 

■in- 1 pOcke'iinfikq in.iili.- iinitiucu^L^iSjiLrs^T^irfr^^^prr GlhcJ' 
tlfuHlTnc-nls alsa which J can't remember m\w. My English Jrico^ 
iti enrnp whti has Since been IriJled mn.de ■ c^rtlHct far mp ran thx* 
n'.=1iii|e. When I [eft epmp I met thiol intermediary from th* 
Orllbsh and handed him Rlt thi^e c.v m p T\rm is In g documents ThlB 
Bvf&an itiCii Lhcm oh lu SwitzErland. 1 do not fcririw whure he 16 
hr<-w nnr where the do^umcnL-v are- I came back HUtJcr gllBfi'] 
iiinl thought I Wfuld tie killed but flASCKEfl mvtA niy lib" 
ItcUsCHER was in trouble ch.irReil with negligence and he 
■hfUJgbl I ttkild savt him. lie in turn said he had, burned lhe 



Hitcumentj Jji question arid I wa» merely thrown inta Hi* dungttui 
wKlte [ riMimi ncd fur nine months in dhain-T RATHER Was 
(unvlcled ftf Ti^UfirnrCV and many oIIut thing;; and was LiU-r 
iliinils^d [rom llieservkt' cmd I Lindi?i'fclatiLl haa thfen bc*fl killed 
W thu SH d for what ht knt* PtASlTHER'H w\ia w.m convteLftf 
'nr omJbeiuIeiTrtnl and imprisoned I jjiiv* RA5CKER 3.0IKI rrwM 
ta keep f rnm hr.irg kil!«*d even before this. c;nm- up I had money 
en Lhi: uutside. KA5C"HER had Sold u* when 1 gave him the 
l.OQft murlCB lhal the SS wn afraid aomcthiny would bo wrong 
'l Germany and than the American Inva&Lnm might be 5iirci!tsful 
■nd || it Wit . 5 4-vtiry prisoner would be kllk'd 
1 Why was In charge of 1.hc dungeon? 

*■ Slurinfuhrnr STLLLEH T don't remember the name uf. hif 

■^-'ttiint. MdeI of ihr puniBhrnehl 1 received In the dungeon VWlfl 
'n'hcttd by ah SS men from Munich who came from the Gestapo 



TMT XXX _ 55 



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-49- 
PAINT PORNOGRAPHIC PICTURES ON CANVASSES MADE DF HUMAN SKIN 



Bodies Hacked on^ upon the other were faund outside the 
rnrnatoxy The Na*js maintained a building at the camp for medical 
r* Foments and vjviMcUeni wiih priioneri *s gumes p:gs. Medical 
irunluu »me from Berlin periodically lo reinforce the txperimen- 
tft] staff in pi rll cular, new tmini and ajjii-uams were tried mil 
Qn prisoner* Few who entered the experimental buildings ever 
tir.rrged alive. 

One of the weapons used by SS guards. 
- rue i — 

The body disposal plant Inside, s re the ovens which gave the 
frcrrinlorlum a maximum disposal capacity of about 400 bodies per 

tu-haut day. Gold^Ued teeth were extracted from bodie, before 
inanL-raljpn The oven*, of extremely rnadern deaipi and belied 
by coh*, were made by a concern which customarily manufactures 
baking ovens. The nrm'i nmtii clearly Inscribed. 
All bodies were finally reduced Id bone ash 
Twelve hundred civilian* walked from the n e lghborhi( City of 
Weimar to begin a forced tour of the camp There are many smiling 
faces and. according to observers, at Ant the Germans act u though 
Ih,s w crc something being naged tor their benefit. 

One ol ib- flm things that the Derma n civilians ace a* mey 
reach the interior of the camp la the parchment diaplav On „ ub ^ 
tor aJJ to gaxe upon is a Lampshade made of human ifcln, made at 
*r rcqueal f m ss ofW* wife Large nieces nf ^n hav- ^ 
ggd fo T paintmj; pictures, many ft f , n f ,h Cr ^ ggg 

There are t WD heads which have been shrunk to nne-fifth thetr 
normal iIzb. Tbeae, and e-ther exhibits of Nl*i origin, are ahown 
» ihe townspeople. 

Th* camera record* the change* in facia] expre^mns „ ftj 
W8 jmsr citizens leave the parchment display. 

The tnur continue* wjln a f orCcd injpectLon of the camp B Uvini 
Taarterx, where the tteneh, filth and misery defled description. 

TKey aee the reiult cf Jack of rare in a bad case of trenchfool. 

Other evidence of horror, brutality and hunun indecemy are 
«mrn and these people « re compelled to see what their own 
ffrVPrnnjent had perpetrated 

Correspondents assigned to the Bochenwald story hsve £E v*n 
*dP notice In the welMed. wcl UirejH~ri . nwArfen « ~r -k. ft-, 






IMT XXX 4M 

N&riflinjn of film 'Naii Cuiicaniuhofl Cstmps", msrfr Ity Gedrge Steffi! 

23rd Navirmbar 1345 



MADE IN RUSSIA - THE HOLOCO$T 

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30» 

. , . 6IMD BOOKS IN HUMAN SKIN 



Tl J*H-M 

M-DUBOST: And in the working groups? 

THE PRESIDENT: We have- heard that Lhcy were *LL mi*ed up. 

M. DUBOST. The fact wllk not hiva escaped the Tribunal that 

tlwae quest tons are put to counts I other queStiiHU which Were asked 
thli morning »y the Counsel fur the Defense with the intent to 

CO'nluae nul the Tribunal, but the witnesses. 

BALACrlQWSKY: 1 repeat that we had A complete conglomera- 
tion or nationalities and cat*#>nei of prlaonem 

THE PRESTDEPfT: That la exactly what he ftaiJ. that these 
triangles were completely mined up,. 

M. DUBOSTj I think, that Ihr statement by this second wvtncftfi 
Will definitively enlighten the Tribunal en this point whatever the 
efforta of the Defense might bE to fnbieid us r 

[Tummy to tht wiinesa} Du vuu ktiow anything nbu lit the fate 
i>t tvi-ly-ped men? 

BALACHQWSKY: Yet, Ind^d 

M.DUBQST: Will you pLease tell uj Wh« yim know about Uieni? 

BALACHOWSKV Tattooed human skins wrt stored in Block Si, 
which was called aL Bur-Ken u r *ld the Pntholug J L's J Block. 

M.DUB03T: Were thera many tatloaed human ekina In Block 27 

BALACHOWSKV There were always tattooed human skins in 
Block Jj. J cannot say" wh^th^ there weiv m-iny, a.i lhcy wjlq - 
cytlUnurauirly being i clVyT^ !" j i ■ 1 pallid r m. |5t there were nuljjril^ 
fiiHougd huutun sitiL-i^ but uljo unnr-ii hnm.i:i jfr.p-s— JumpLy 
Tiinmrd. not tattooed. 

M DUBOST- Did they skin people " 

BALACHOWBKY: They removed tbf akin and then Luifitnl it . 

W, DUBOST Wilt yau TOntinu* your testimony on that paint? 

BALACHOWSKV" J f*vt Samcjl ruffle out at BtwJt 5. the Pa tin >■ 
logical Bluck. carrying Tan tied jiKjcu under their armJ. T know, frijm 
my comrades ivhrTwurkud in Paralogical Dfa.\ 2! , lha: thi/iV ^n- 
orders fr>r skim, anil thi-iig tanned skln^ wl-ip fi:v-JP an iMl^> U> 
cerlnin fiuariii nod to certain visilont, wh-> :i'ii:- d Uiltt; y> bjnd Ln^lL^ 

TUT HTTTinQT U/ n unan* pj-lIj4 ■ ■Snt Hnrki -UfViA "JUT!* thf hpld Jit that 



lime, was anniented For this practice 

BAl*ACHOW3KY- I wu no: a wunt-w n\ ihr K*k±i affair. vWiA 
happened before I uijxlc (o the carnp- 

M.DLJBGST; So that even aEier he Left there were still tinned 
and tattooed shins? 

BA1-A.CHOWSKY: Yes, there were cnruHantly tinned »nd 
ratlsord skin*, and when the camp was libera tird by Ihe AtnerLearu, 

IKT VI 311 



M4DE «V RUSSIA - THE H0L0C0$T 



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MAKE SADDLES. HIDING BREECHES [i.fl ., lodphura) GLOVES, 
HOUSE SLIPPERS. AND LADIES HANDBAGS NUT OF HUMAN SKM 



U JaiL • 

"1 Phlegmons experiments wen.* conducted by Eh- Schut?, 
Dr. Bubor, Dr KienolwelUT and ProlcEKrr Laucr Forty 
healthy m=n were u*ed at a time, of which twenty wore 
given Intramuscular and twenty intravenous injections of 
pus from diseased pfHtoffldl All treatment Wa& fc lathi ild^n for 
3 Jinyn. by which, time BL'rious inflammation and in many 
Mires general blood poisoninc hail occurred. Then each group 
was divided again into groufd of 10. Half Wrie Riven 
chemical treatment Wjfjfla. liquid atid special pills every 
10 minutes fur 2i hours. The remainder were treated with 
sulfanamide and surgery In some cases all the ]imh= were 
amputated My autopsy also ihoWed that the daumlwl 
treatment hod been harmful and hud even caused per- 
ft)i aliens of the stomach wall For these niperlmciH* PciUshu 
Cieeh,, and Dutch priests were ordinarily used. Pain waa 
intent In such experiments Most of ihfr 600 to 800 persons 
:*rho were used finally died Moat of the nth. era became 
permanent invalid^ and were later killed. 
M S. In the Jail of 1B-J4 there Wert 60 to SO person* who were 
Eiibjeeltd to SflU water ejcpcnmcnts. They were locked in a 
room and for 5 days were given nothing for food but saTt 
water. .During thus time their unfit, blood, and Excrement 
were tasked None of these, prisoners died, possibly because 
they received imug-gled toad from other prisoners. Hungarians 
and Gypsies were used tor thpsa experlmrnti- 
"S. It was common practice io remove the skin from dea d 

S iisancn. I wa* commanded m dl> lhln an mimy fqjri'T^ 
7.~I&ichtT and frr. Welter Ln particular ashed for this human 
skin from human backs and chests. H_was chemically treated 
and placed ml he Bun to dry AftEr 1hjL it wBE-cUt into various 
si:-.-* f-Mj ij'Jl' rjj. saddles. rLtl.n - : 1 ■ iy aches. glomes. hnusE sltppcrfl 
7u,iT ladies' handbag! :, fattnoed asm was especially v*Itjho, 
hy Sia Jnen. TCUSSJ&TIS. poles, and other Inmates were used in 
this way, but it was forbidden to cut out the akin of n German. 
This akin had to be from healthy prisoners and free from 
defects. Sometimes we did not have enough bodies With good 
skin and Ra&cher would say. All right, you will gel the 
bodies.' The next day we would receive 20 or 30 bodies of 
young people. They wnuld have been ahol In the neck or 
stmck an the head so that the skin would be uninjured. Also 
we frequently got requests For the skulls at skeletons of 
prison era. Ill those cases we boiled the skull or Lhe birdy 
Then the soft parti Were removed and the bon es Were 



blpnchttd and crigd and rvas-^mblrd In the case vf ukuTl* It 
v.ns imporlfinl to have a geod act ol lerlh. When *e gol an 



IKT V m 



original Gorman version ct Blohn's "affidavit' 



m*-n 



daemi Vpnuchun geitorbpn und re wurden dasu Pointed^, Rua- 
aiacee, TjKhedtl**ie h und deutjdiE HaeftLinge herbaigawminen 
Inigesamt find tingelnthr 17* Mc Aachen diseen Vmuqlwn unter- 
worfen warden. 

t. PhiJEnnine VcrnidM atnd von Dr. Schuet2. Dr. Babar und 
Dr. Kieselw*ttrr prof. Lauer diirdigulLieh-rt warden. 40 geaunde 
MerxsdiE-n aind ouf elnmal ben Lie Lit warden, von dentn 20 intra- 
mu*kul m und M mtrflvelnoew roi^ktionco v™ dem Eitur kraokcr 
Mcnacben crhielten. Dr*l Taga lug wurde jtd,- Behind Eung dieHr 
MetuchM verhoten, 111 wercher Zc<t Gmtfe Entruendungco und 
in vleten Faelten aUgemeinir BEutverg££lung auftraL Dann wurde 
Jed* Crupp* wieder in Snipped von 10 unlerieJlL. Die Haelfte 
diNnlsdie Bchandlung mit rtuwigfctit und Pi] ten, die all 
10 Mjnutuq 24 Stunden Jang eingegeben wurden. Dbf Rest wurd«? 
mit Sulfonamide- und Chirm-git behandelt. In oumiiiBn Faellan 
■ End j[] e Cited et amputiort warden Melne Autopatc zeigte men, 
das* dnj dicmiadic Bahandlung achaedjich wir und lugar Per- 
ron, Hunt* der Magenwand verurnschEe, FW die** V erS uch c a j n J 
gewoehnlidi Folnfache, tac&echijdiE und hollnendladis Fntrfar 
bwiw-lzl warden. DE* Venule waren Hhr schmtrchaft Dlt 
maia^n dar aec bj bJ* a^thtmdm F™n e n die dazu benuclit 
wdrden, itarben «n Code DEe anderen wurden fcivnlldeo und 
wurden spacter getoeleL 

a. Im Harbjt 1944 wurda an GO bia 30 Menschea Salrwaaaer 

Vermjdie durchgefuehrt. Ste wmrtliia 5 Tage lang Ln *in Eimmer 
eingMpem und bekanm nEchti andercit ate Baltwaajer tu «aen_ 



— malt* I — 



K«<Acr dJwer Gefaogcnen itarb, (iiDeglichcrwelae well ois Nahrung 
von andoran Gcfajigenrn geschmugge!t bekameju Ungam und Zigeii- 
ner aind fufer ditse Vtrnudic bcnuetsL wartivn. 

• JSa war »I1 gam dn j ig blidi dif Hu nter dcr Letdieii late r 
Gefang«iBr zu entfernen. Es Wurdc mil- npl^rr krJ.-li™ J!„. K 



['.ill Br, K^fr 1 | rN p Vo , ler [ m b eBBn ^„ a yprUng^ d leS ? 
mgjMEhhche Haul von Merijdicn T Uieekcn und Bruettfcn SiF w^Ze 
cfaamiagh bchantelt Ufl d In d ]e Sonne rum Trockneci geleg t TCTFTcf 
wurtic ait ui vcochiedcntfl UrwFsen zujeschnKLcii faer UemiBbung 
ata 5 -"***■}■ Rc^hoaon. Haiftd&chuh c. HnuHtdlufte und Dprn cn Hand- 
trethon TacnowiBrtg tJnut wurde besoadera von dm b!5 'M^nngni 
£e3diartzt_ Rujsen, Pulsn und uidere Hief 1 tinge a in J auf diese Aj4 
beiiuetn worsen, ibar cm war vcrboten die Haul einrc Dtuischf-rt 
iumisdMi«lden. Diese Hiut roiuato veu j HUAden Penrnwa kummen 



IMT XXXII 



M4DE /A/ RUSSIA - THE HOLOCO$T 

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-55- 
. , DRIVE JEWS TO CANNIBALISM IN ALL THOSE FREIGHT CARS 



u fuv. m 



<vd« for akulU Irom OranienbLir* «* SS men would *-£ 
We will try to gel y*u »=»* with B°rf t,jelh SLp il wai 
dangerous to have g*x.d akin or good tselh, 
-10 Transport* nm^ frequently In Dachau from Struttwf, 
Belsen, Auschwitz Mauthausen "id other camp*, Manyol 

Q n one import SIS arrived In November W« J i (««* 
evident of cannibalism - Th* living person had eaten the 
7I^ h from itw deal " bodies. Another tnwpwt "rived 

Ferrand who was later my lutetftiU lobV m* « ««*» 
been 2 WO person* an this Lamport when it rtnrtcd Tn«e 
ST faid i^ilaok but no water &«ht hu-drrfdlrii.il the 
way and were th^wr, out When It irrivrf •*«■ « d* y B . 
m or £ than 50U per*™ were dead on &M&J&**** 
Z™niTc mart died 3 horUy alter arrival. I ixnrestijatrf this 

nfJ E- «■ T - mt »d , r^rt that ^;'" th , a ^ t ,7; 

^-^TJ^T^^TIt w» midsummer and lil> p*ipfe 
Raia""beeo packed Into ench car 

"II In mi and 1042 we had in the enmp what we «»^d 
invalid transport* The** were mad* u P of ^n^ W^'caUrf 
.1* or. tor tem« reason Incapable a* 7[^ r ^ wcrt 
ihem ■H.mmetfahrt Command^ About 100 or UJ W=t* 
ordered each week to go to the shower bath* Thr.« foar 
Mnole iravr injections o( pheht.1. evipan, of be mine, which 
EfLSrt Sift. After W these » «f* ™J *° 
Xr camps for liquidate 1 to™ th-l they were ki led, 
h«™ 1 w« the record, and they were marked with a 
«T* the date that ihcy ft*** g* ?* •StS 
death, were airily redded, Thi* yg rtwwn en , tolh Ihr 
card mn>x ol the Camp Daihau and the record* mlhe reflistry 
office of Dad.au One thousand to two thousand went away 
i<S 3 «™«*- »> there «** -taut Ave tho^d «»t to 
deS in thta way Jn IB43. and lha same In 194^ In April 
UrtS a Jewish trawpon «ai loaded it Dachau wid «r«i g 
Undine m Uie rai^ B d s,d in « The .tallr-t. w-n d^tmyrf 
JJ tahiB* ind th C y could not teave. So th.v wer r ,«jt 
St^ere to die of .Urvatico. They were not **»** ** 
oft. When the camp w« Ubented they wen all dead. 

_i t_. -_« «- .k.vtiin* nr Inlectl^nsi _tpo_h 



■12. Man? ncg nmoiu pt k" "* ""■■ r " " ~« — i™»_j u 

1 ^ 4, ind I w« called by Br H i^r v «^'"° ** n " 1 



1MT V 



172 



-Sfc 



Blflhn wii a CaecTi who signed n confession m German 
written by a US Army OHicei 



LlJin H 



The French Prosecution, 1 am informed, will deal with thu 
ma tier in greater detail. Moreover., the French and Soviet Prosecu- 
tion Will BUoTLlt evidence ihowjng that Defendant Funk actively 

participated in the program far the criminal tooling of Ihc 
resource* of occupied terrzturiaa. 



MR DODD May it plea: 1 ■ th#j Tribunal. Wc would like la call 
at this time the witness. Dr. Franz Blaha. 

j'TJie ui'ctnc.T.T, Blaha, took the Jtand.J 

THE PRESIDENT [To the wiln*«J: la your name Franz Blaha? 

DR. FRANZ JBiLAHA [Witness] ffn Czech {: Dr Fracia Bluha. 

THE PRESIDENT: Will you repeat this nath: "I swear by God— 
the Almighty and UmniecXrnt— that [ will spuak the truth, the 

ptife truth — and ivij] v-'Lthhald and add nothing." 

{The tiAtmta rupmtud the caUt.J 

TR"E PRESIDENT: You car sit down if you wish. 

MR. DODD. Yon are Dr. Franz Blah»\ a native and a ciliicn 
of Cxechoilovakia, are you nn\" 

BUkKA- [In Czech .} Yes: 

MR. DODD: I uudtretuntl that you are able- to spe^k German, 
and for technteo: reasons I tugfiant that we conduct this eiand- 
natLorJ In German, although 1 knaw your natuM^ tongue is Czech : 
h Ibal right? 

BLAHA {In Czech J In the interest ol the caso I am willing 
to testify in German" for the (olio wing reason* 1 For the past 
7 yeam, which are the iubject of my testimony. I have lived 
eiclumuely m German Surroundings; 2. A large- number nf special 
and icchnjcal e x presabna relating to Itfe in and about the cuneim- 
tration eampa ar.e purely German inventions, and ryj apprupriatt: 
equivalent for them In any Uther language can be found. 

MR. DODD. Dr. Blahn, by education and Ixainlng and profession 
you are a doctor of mcdicinoT 

BLAHA fin Qgrman j Yea. 

XHT} nrtnn. A_J i- in'try . iL. I I ..I _ U«__ti*l i.» 



1'Ll-L L-r'-ll-JL/ J~V.l I LI III lll^U JT1H.I WC1E IILL 1 IJ EdJ Ui ■ I HJ JJJJ l,l± L III 

Ciircri □ u Lova kla? 
BLAE1A Yes. 
MR. DODO; Yiju were arrested, Hvcre you not, by the German s 

In IflJfr after -Ihgy occupied <.-?cvhOj|rjvrjk P ia? 

riLAHA. Yw. 

MR DGDD. And were you confined in vanoua pnions between. 
1B3B unci 19*1? 

BLAH A: Yet 



-57- 
hisrr Ke says ho riiilu'i writs it ha Jusl sinned h 



II 3..i H 

DR. SAUTER; You were interrogated, also the day before yester- 
day? 

BLAHA: Y«. 

DR, SALTER: Did ynu h at that Llm?, a Lin make these statements 
about funk? 

EL, AH A: I did the same thing It the interrogation conducted 

by the Prosecution. 

DR. SAUTE R; Is that also in the record which I believe you. 
5lgned7 

BLAitA J signed no record 

DR, SAUTER: You signed no record? 

BLAH A; No, I simply ajgned What was read by the Prosecution 

DR, SAUTER. Well, tbal la a record. 

BLAflA: Yes, but In that retnnl there 15 no mention of these 
visits. 

DR. SAUTER: Why then didn't you mention. these visits the day 

before yesTerdfly? 

ELAHAr ! was asked about It orally, and the prosecutor told 
mc that these matters would be taken up orally in the courtroom. 

DR. SAUTER: Were you then also told where the defendants 
sit In the courtroom* 

BLAH A; No. Before the military court t was shewn ail the 
pictures 

DR. SAUTER; Aha[ 



BLAHA; And I was asked to Identify to the court the various 
people. I identified the three of whom I said today that I had seen 
them in person- Funk and others I did not namt. 

DR. SAUTER: You did not name Funk* 

BLAHA; I did not ay that 1 had personally seen him or that 
[ could identify him. 

DR. 5AUTER: But when the pictures were shown ti> you did 
you see the defendants in the pictures? 

BLAH A: Yes, 

DR. 5AUTER: Now,jf I understand you correctly, you knew 
today where, lor instance Fui:k oi Prick or anyone else was lilting - ? 

BLAHA Funk I da not know personally, because t did not 
see h\m at that time. 

DR. SALTER: Were you not told when the pictures wars shown 
to you at Dacha j. "This is Funk, look a! him; do you know him"? 



IMT V 189 



h Jtft. H 

1941 to 194&. They Were mostly Italians, Russians, and 
Frenchmen Ihese people were just starved to death. At the 
time of death they weighed 30 LufiQ pounds. Autopsies ahqwed 
their internal organs had often shrunk to nnu-tlurd til their 
normal Eke 

"The facts stated above are true- This declaration is made 
by me voluntarily and without compulsion. After redding 
over the sirm-mem have signed and a-xeeuted the sam e 
at Nuremher^ 'Cr*rmany \.h\* &th day of January iB-t fl."* 1 
— Signed— ''Pi. Fnm^ Bin ha. 

"Subscribed and jwprft to before me this 8th day el January 
19Jo at Nuremberg. Germany, 'id Lieutenant Daniel F. Mar- 
Uolie*. 1 ' 

MR DODD: {Continuing lh* infrrTogntlnn.f Dr. Bluha. will you 
Slate Whether or not visitors came to the camp of DachttU while 
you were there? 

BLAHA: Very many visitors came to dux camp 5D that it narnn- 
timefi itemed to us that We Were nut confined in a camp but In an 
exhibition or a too. At time* there was a visit or on excursion 
almost every day from school*, from different military, medical, and 

nlTnpr imt i ti if irt m mnA nlfln mnnv m»mltpry nf th^ Pnll^p- t>m Sfl 



and the Armed Forces; also . . 

THE PRESIDENT; Wj|] you pause so w to give, the interpreter"! 
worda time to come through; do you understand? 

BLAH A: Yes, Also tome State personalities came to the camp.. 
Regular Ln.fpectLoni were mjde month by month by the Inspector 
General of Concentration Cam pa, Qbergmppentuhrer Pohl; also by 
SS Relchifuhrer Professor Grawiti, Inspector of Experi mental Sta- 
tions; Standartenfiihrcr Dr, Ijollina; arid other person shties. 

JWft. DODD: The presiding Justice has suggested that you pause. 

an J It would be helpful if you pMUiirwt ]n the making a E your ailaWt; ri 

so that the interpreters can complete their interpretation. 

BLAHA: Vci. 

MR DODD' Are you able to state how lung thttse visile lasted 
on an average? 

BLAltA That depended on the sort oE visits being made. Some 
were Inside for half an hour to an hour, some for 3 or 4 hours* 

MR. DODD- Were there prominent Government people who 
visited the camp at any lime while you. were there? 



* TUr Iiii ptripriph it (Mj aCIUatti tppurm im ill* Cn^lLIt iiitiiNimn linrJ bj A. Blah ■ bu 

■W ia [lM wHibiw liTTwm tttiwiIl 

IHT V 11} 



ii j»n in 

THE PRESIDENT: Ha»f enpte* (if thEa been fjtfefl to thu 
defendants? 

MR. DQDD; Yea. They have been lent to the defendants" 
counsel Informal I tm rOdm 

THE PRESIDENT Very W*H, 

MR DODD; 1 have one other matter thai I should like la lake 
up very brolly btfutc the Tribunal thli morning. It ll concerned 
with a matter that arose after J hud kit ihe courtroom to return to 
Ihr United States. 

Gn (he 13th of December we offered tn evidence DuLuroent 
Number 31 21 -PS, and ErtijibH Numbem U5A-2&2 and 2.&1 They were, 
respectively, the Court -will n:ral!. serUons. of hiimen 
skin taken from human bodies and preserved; and rj humeri 



head the head of a hum En bem6,_ which had heim preserved - 
Oh the HlK day of December, acceding" Id the Record. ccuhm-I 
lor the Defendant Kail fnb runner addressed the Tribuna l 
and compla'Tni-tl lha.1 the affidavit, whidi was o fl*. : >i. : 3 . of o;js 
PfflfTcnbgTRtT, failed to stats thai llu- ■ .irii;i t -(ji 1 1 m -i Ti riant at fiuchen - 
v . onr Kuch, alutig With frits wife, was ennrii-mnud Jin tkatfrl Tor 
Kayjiafi committed _ftreri5g[y Ibsse al rti-rintg, l)i:3 liu/iness of tanning 
urcakin and pr-:-.i--.Jv.rn; lllc hi-- A , And "ii TTi" ■iji^m- TTT 
-- :: .L.-,*.:r.f^n~T. : [ r'^7,-' 1 TiYujiill HVvT'i-: ."'.-.! J :cv.-ubi ttifcl feaunseHL/! 

1he Defendant Bormnnn, in addressing the Tribunnl, stated that it 
was highly probable that the PrMCClUlOU knew thai the German 
fluthpriliEii i had ubJMrted t(t 1hii camp wmn;andant Kodi and HI fact , 
It new that hr had I been irivd and le^rm-ed for -Mug prrriF^y ihes* 
things And th'eifr was aotnc Int i in 3 1 \vn . we fe-g], that the Pru&gfu - 
tion, having *hiu Ti;npw1_gd,gc, withheld Jl frriTri I he Tribunal , Now, 
I wish (O lay Ihnl "wp hAd no know-ledge rl all fcWut this -man Koeh 

at [he time that we offered the pn>of- didn't know anything about 
him Except Uial he had been, the commandant, according to the 

affidavit But, subsequent to thta objection we had an investigation 

made, and wp have found that he was Iried in Wit, indeed, bv an SS 
court, but not for having tanned hun-iJin- sltift BOf having preserved 
a human head but for having em-bs^led nume mone y, tor what-^aa 

1hlr judge who tHed hJni I a Ik us — wan a charge of jjenerul corruption 

and for having murdered MHneoneWith whom he had leme personal 
cUfnculiies. Indeed, the iudgp, a Dr. Marger, trails is that he taw the 
tattooed human akin and he eaw ■ human bead in Com ma m dan I 
Koch's office ind Unit he taw a lampshade there miide nut of 
human akin. Hut there were no charges at the time that he wm 
tried lor having done thefce thingi. 

1 would abso point out In the Tribunal that, we asy, the iestim.op.r 
of Dr, Elaha aheda further light on whether or not these exhibit 
Numbm VSA-253 and 254, were nutated instances of that Htrociau* 



IMT V 200 



dius shifting Iha burden of proof on to the defense 



II Jan I* 



hind of conduct. We Hbvl- not been able In lucalc Hip affiant We 
hive ma.de an effort In do *□, but we have not been able to locaLc 
him thus far. 

THE PRESIDENT Locale whom? 

MH DODD The olflanl PlaffenberEer. the one whosE affidavit 
was offered 

THE PRESIDENT- Vtry well, Mr Dudd, 

DR, KURT KAUFFMAMN (Counsel for Defendant Kallen- 
brunner): The sLulcmgnt Juat made is undoubtEdly aigrv.ncarH, but i t 
would be "oTlnHibrbinre To ha ve the dpriinmr.lJi which iitvri to 
Convict fliL- CQinmandflnT^nTTmwJfe Jil the limr, KdRenbrunTJur 
tnU mc tha t jt ^-mJ'^nci^n in the -whole S5 that the cothituu] d.int 
Koch and his wife Had been taken is acccunl also— 1 mnphfisize 
^alsp 11 — Dfa acco unt of thesf JhJn^s and Uial il W knrr.yii in thr s£ 
Iha 3 one of Joe factors dctcrtl»rW~thr jc^r.ty o l the sentence*, 
imposed" had bt-Cft "tnia proved inhuman behavio r, 

THE PRESIDENT- Wait a minute. As you were the counsel who 
mad* thp allegation that the commandant Koch hart been put tn 
death for hi 9 mnumnn traimeni, it would seem that you are the 
party to produce the judgment, 

DR KAWFMANN: T never had the verdict in my hand. 1 
depended an the Information which Kalicnbninner fiave me person- 
ally and orally. 

THE PRESIDENT: It whj you who made the assiT tifrrj. I don't 
care where you j tit It f rem, You mack the asse rtion-, therefore it 
FFfbr you to produce the riaeumi'iil 
DR JtAUFFMANNh Yes 

COLONEL H J. PHlLLrMURE (Junior Counstl for the United 
Kingdom}; May it plcaw the Tribunal: Brief j and document books 
have been handed in The documents m Ihe document book are in 
the order In which 1 shall refer to them, and the references to them 
in the brief* arc alio in that order. On the first page of the bMEf 
ii net out the extract from Appendix A of Lhe Indictment, which 
deals -with the criminality of thiE defendant, 

THE PRESIDENT: Are ynu dealing first of all with Raeder or 
with DUniti? 

COL. PHILLIMORE: With Dbnltz- My learned friend, Major 
Elwyn Jones, will deal with Raeder immediately after. Reading at 
Page 1 Of the brief . . 

THE PRESIDENT: The- Tribunal will adjourn for 10 minutes. 

I A recew lOQJ token./ 
COL. PHILLIMORE: My Lord, may I proceed? 
THE PRESIDENT: Very well- 



IMT V 201 



MADE IN RUSSIA - THE HOLOCO$T 



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Return to MADE IN RUSSIA THE HOLOCO$T PART ONE 

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-M- 
Mora scientific "fljtperimanTs" 



— fig? ID — 



JlfClTET 



Then they td-uk. out th>_- brain anil cut LiirL'.igh, and they 
weighed jt, Then thi-y npvni-H rhi- uh^l, n'nk ngt the lungs 
And compared them with the X-ny chart which hud formerly 
been made and saw how ths injections of calcium had Id ken 
efiecl Then they tuofc out thy_ tongue, held it In thtiLf hands 
and ytgd[p[f_ jt A tier that tjfi"e~flvgr' tie was removed and 
atudied for slgna of cincer Sic. Originally tboy had Injected 
i"crm& into healthy people and wanted tu know Utg effects. 

Q Did they loam umythlnH from nil these eatpc rirnenli n ? 

A, According to my juris merit, all these doctors were ancomuutcnl 

Q Had they learned anything an u result of these experiments? 

A. On this OecaiLun I bey learned. They id id thai this was cheap 
material. 

Q. Did ihc-y learn the effects of ihe poison Ihur had been injected":' 

A. Yes 

Q. What did they ifcqrn? 

A How thf poison works nrid Ita consequences-' 

Q. If they injected people and the fieon5e_died within a Mi 1 
rnnmpnL^, what miirn did I buy want to krv.nv abu.ir. \h<- \}n.-.tm'' 

A. In oeder to find Lhc Currc-tt duse. thc^ ust-d A good many 
inoculation serums on The prisoners, before they war<? used 
on the tramps 

Q. Why en the iroups? 

A. If they ware fraud, they Were Used tin the rroopl. 

Q, H^w roulri. it nnve be*'n good, if th? peppEe riiart tin mod latel y? 
A £&mi> of them recovered" They also 1ried nut the eA"i?tr un 

dsfterenj blood groups, and of atrnnj; blond and weuk blood. 

Some of the-fie mjcctinlUi Caused Llcen nrt the Cheat ThvsL. 1 

ulceus were then removed, cut into piece* nnd misci-Bacupctl. 
Q. Those persons who rccGve'red. were they then aliased to 

live? 
A, those people who recovered were given especially good ioaA, 

and after their reentry a blnod test whs taken, "In order to 

judge the final Effect of Lhc it ruin 
Q, Before thisy were Injected, did any nf. (hem volunteer la be 

injected! 
A. They wer* no! asked People were just csllrd *t the ducretirm 

of the doctors 
Q. What discretion dad the doctors use? 



A. I do not know, been use I had na Insight Into the b^oks of tin? 
dootor*. 

ifCtff 



IHT XXXIII H4 



-fi2- 
Attorher ridiculiius, iiccusuiiuii 



■ 1 r*o « 

Serndsky. Prafessn-r of Forensic Medicine; Roman Longdiamp 
det BerrW, Doctor of Juridical Science, together with his 
three ioniit Prufessor Tbadid#uJ Gstnjvsky, Professor Jan, Girck,, 
and Pru feasor of Surgery Htinricb GLlyirovtidi ' 

There fallow* m lung LiBt containing 31 namtw of outstanding ln- 
Eellctluiila nf the cuy of Lvov. I omit the enumeration of th^r 
names and continue quoting fmm tfie neat paragraph: 

"Groer. a professor ur ihe Medical Institute at Lvuv, who 
fortuitously escaped dcalh, has tuld the Commission what 
(allows 

'"When. I was arrested ot midmghi of 3 July 1WI and pU-:cJ 
in a truck. 1 met FrofESKirJ tirek, Bo I - Dhtlens 'a y . and other*. 
We were taken to the hostel of the AbragniTLuvitchTheoJogieai 
College WnLLe we were lud along the corrida r I he members 
at the Gestapo JeeJ'fd it ua. Inttin^ us with rifle butts, 
pulling our hair, and hitting ui over the head, Later 
on I hiw from the hoatid ot th* A^rafiamnvmdi ThcU;Ogica! 
College, the. G^rmana leading five professors under taccrt, 
fuur of whom were carryinc; thebJflOd-besyaUered body al the 
Man of the tfannaui nurgt'un. Knuff, murdered b> the Germans 
during hli interrogation Young Routf. too, had been n ppeciaUst, 
The entire group of professor* were taken under escort to the 
Kadetsky Heights, and J5 to £Q minutea later I heard rifle 
fire from the direction tn which the professors w-ure taken ,H 

In order to humiliate dignity, the Germans resorted to to* moat 
refined methods at torture and then shot thdr victim* Gakt-imaft, 
an inhtiliiuirU ni Li'flv, has LL-stifiyd before trie special commission 
that he personally mw h-'-v m Julv L<NiL 

"Twtnly people, inrludsng four professors, Lawyers, and 
physicians, were brought by the SS inlu the courtyard of 

-.•a- . i»I _ !t JI..4 .i^.. i>- '■■■■ ■ *■ rt_.. ^t -.1 T i-._* tJ . 



Homti Mumoer B, on ,s-riLSinevajty aireei van «p mem i jtnuw 
by nami!, Doctor at JuJrjdJCJl &d«nCe Krebs. Amony them 
were five or lit ■women. The SS farced, tberrv to wash Hie 
stall rs l efld.riflj fitinTi Ihu F.E".'t£n cftteaneea to Liu' 1 fuur-itory 
house, stfith tli--'il- ^rifi^?n and LjU3 After Ihos-e JlajrWays 
wers washed, !hi- ■-..■ny r-vc-li.- ■■vert.- fi ured Lu culluut jaarbii£ ? 
in the courtyard v.lM> Itn-if hps . All garbage hid to be 
irnnsfprrEd to uric place ip the cpurtyard . , , " 

I omit the end of thu paragraph and cantmue from Ihe- next 

paragraph- 

"The fascist invaders carefully concealed the extermination 
of the LciteUtfieiilsii To repeated requests of relatives, and 
friends concerning the lale ut thei* men of acience, the 
German* replied, 'Nothing La known." 



IMT VII t*l 



Annihef bizarre hallucination 



IT Jdit. 4D 

U appears Lo hove been ihe plan, followed by the Nazis in the 
Concentration ramp 1 ,, flr-aduHlly in d*> away wilh the pftiOntrS; but 
only after their warding Strength hid been used la tin.- cnJv.inL&gf 
of the German war effort. 

The Tribunal has been told of the almost incpJl CCj vobl r treat- 
ment inflict vd by the SB on the prisoner*. Wr ihall Lak? the liberty 
nf garni* Ntfo Mill further d-ntni] during Ihe CQUrw of the Ktalemtnl 
of th* Frenth PrvierU t ion , for It nninl bff fully known t|i vuhnl 
extent of horrors the Germans, inspired by National SocialLsl 
doctrine^ could stoop 

The mosi UinWe aspect was perhaps the desert! to create moral 
di'Kradmkm and debasement in llhD prisoner until hjr lost,, If 

possible, all semblance of a human individual 

The U3Ual living; con dil icins impo.wd on the deporlppr. in the- 
camps Vr'Cre sufficient to ensure slow extermination through jnadc 
quale leedinp;, bad Farutatton. cruelty of the guards, severity of 
discipline, strain of work Out otf proportion to the strencjth of the 
prisoner, and haphazard medical service. Moreover, you already 
know Ihiil many did not dip a natural dfuth, but were put to death 
by injections, ga% eh ambers, or modulations of fata] diseases But 



more speedy e* i crm inat Son was often the caae; il was oil eh brought 
about by ikMreatment: Communal ice-cold showers in winter ta 
thp open air, prisoners If ft naked in the mow, eudEtlLnE, dog 
bites, banging by I lie wnsts. 

Some fiF'jJvi will illustrate lb? result of thrse VHrioUE methods 
of extermination A I Buchcnwatd, during the firsl 3 months of 11145, 
there Wm 1 3,000 deaths out or 40,000 intemrci, At Dachau. 13,000 
t* 15,000 died in the 3 months preceding the liberation. At Ausch- 
witz a cnmji Ol ayH*rn<i1.le exlermlnalinri, the number of murdered 
p?rLorci came in several millions 

As to the total number of Ihasn dm ported from France, the 

affinal fifiur^ i» as followf: Of 250, QUO deported pnly 35,000 
relumed 

The rjeporlrei B^rv-cd 1 GS guinea piUa for numerous medical, 
surgical, nr other Wtpcnmenlfl Which generally led to their death. 
At AuithwiU, at Struihof, in the prison *l Cologne, at Ravcm- 
bruck, et Ncueogainrnc, numerous men. vajflcn. and. children wrru 
iH>niiTfd Aj Auschwttii the m-O Sl beautiful women were sel apart, 
irUfinaUy RrUbtt'd. urn! Qh'II ^.i^'d At Slruthof a Bpctjal 
bamck, l&otalud from the □then; by barbed Wire, wan used to 
moculuLt men in groups of 40 with fata] illnesses. In the same 
camp women were gassed while German doctors otacrued their 
reactions through a peephole arranged fur this purpose Extern Inn- 
lion was often directly effected by means of individual Vt collective 

IMT V 4g3 



anortiei eh ampin cl German efficiency. 



is r+u w 



"Some of the crimes of the German occupiers cammjtted by 
them during the very first week* of their piratical attack vr s 
the US.S.H., and tbesr savage extermination qf. the civil, an 
population ot BE4»lij;uS!iia, tht' Ukraine, and Ihu Battle Soviet 
republics, have only now been doeumtntarQy estabk.nln'ij 
Thus, when units of the Red Army In tht district of the town 
of Toropoti, m Jinuar, 1 It) 42, smashed a German SiJ cavalry 
brigade, among thu documents captured was found a report 
of the- lal Cavalry Regiment of this brigade (concerning fh? 
'pacincatiaiT by this unit ot the Srarohinsk district III Bifid* 
ruSila The commander of the refllmenl reports' that besides 
taking 230 prisuneij a. detachment of his regime Jit has a fan 
shot 6,504 peaceful clvih,Lr$3 Thi k report further states ihai 
ihu' detnchrnenl ar!i. i d m pursuance of Order Number A2 l^sue-.l 

Pvt rkn Ti^jTll-Tini-.^ Jii4ji^ H T Till ■ ^ TAjl "M'nn .nnmi^i-inHa- nF l-lfl *» 



M-« "1^1 J,c:|L^! jl|L'l JL,, U4IVU ■* I -"1,LI> UTTJ i-Jf 1-u--JJJ.JLd.LJU 17 , LJL utv 

2d RegLrnenJ of this hrirtfldfi-. Van Matflh, ttatcji. Sn his H^pnrt 
Concerning thu Elocution ol Repressive Operations on the 
River FripeL between 27 July and VI August LJUi.' the 
fn-iLnwlnfi: 

'■'Wij drove the women and child ren Into tliu jwomo. but thai ' 
d 1 \ not produce In^ Jts;reiJ tp-vuiU, 5-1 n l - *" thf aw.irnp wasTTa! 

I T il 11 1 ' V "" ' 

tk-t'F enough iL-r I LuTTi 1(1 drown Gn« can usually fEcJ bottom 
(pGSS^ly fijnii] at a depth ur 1 mjtUt ' 

"In the sniTie heflaquNrtexs- a telegram Number 37, was fount! 
sen l by i'he Lvjm ma rider of the 5£ Cavalry EdgadE." 

THE PRESIDENT- Shall we adjourn now for tO miOLitLui"' 

IVFAHSHALi: Hay it please the Court, regarding the Dc-fenrf.anr 
Hess, he will be absent until further ndtkc All ILtcHint of lUn«^» 

ym COUNSELLOR SMIRNOV- 1 cnnLniie the qua La lion : 
"tn. the same headquarters there i* r a* diicove-rvd a Lflugrum, 
IV 11 ruber 3T. from the command ft of the Cavalry Brigade, an 
SS-StaodartcnfuhrLir, to a cavalry uiut of theabrave-mpntiani-il 
id Cavalry Regiment, dated J! August J Ml- It mentioned LJi.it 
thi! ReiehAfiibier al the 5S ahd the Police, MLmmler, considers 
the number uf the exterminated peaceful civilians far tQt> liv 
r.LSniflcanl; and LL points but IhflL 'it !■ necessary lu take 
radical niEa^urcn' and 'ths unit commanders conduct Lhp 
CrpefltJuM too mildly.' Ha also order a to report o^ery day 
on sht? number of penip:e shot '* 

In ihis eonnettum we crmtioi abstain Iram mentioning iKr- 
cilmlnal activities nf the Defendant R*isen.b*rg in carrying out Ltw 

IMT VII 5M 



MADE IN RUSSIA - THE HOLOCO$T 



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-65- 

TORTURE PEOPLE IN SPECIALLY MASS PRODUCED TORTURE BOXES- 
MADE BY KRUPP 



■I JUDV •• 

■pecdiu or anything of that tort. We timply cannot bx* pul under 
that kind Of a burden. I IhJnk it is— 1 citjien of lhe United Slalqi 
Is expected to argue his rase in the highest court of the land In one 
hour, and counsel's own ch-ml: here have openly acplTed at Lhe 
amount of time thai hu been asked. Th5a Is not a w risible- amount 
Ol time !□ jjivu ID ItiU case, and 1 must prctem aRanttt being 
expected to mimeograph 20 days of speeches. It really is not possible, 

TllE PRESIDENT, The Tribunal would like to Jtncw whether 
The Prosecution in [End to let them have copies of their speeches *i 
the time tlint they are delivered. 

SIR DAVID MAxWELL-FYFE: Ad far ■& the elo&mg speech of 
lhe AtlQfney General is concerned, we certainly did expKl and 
Kept to jjlve the Tribunal copies at the speech 

TiiE FfHSSlDErfT And IransiaUoriHT 

Sm DAVID MAXWELLr-FYFE; Yes, that win be daiic, My 
Lord, 1 juM wondered, OH I Of qptintimt— it was Dr. Nelte who aald 
that it would take a long lime to trsm&laU'. I know, as far as, trans- 
lating intu Enfilish Lu c&nCcmed, Wf had Hit problem of a 7B-page 
speech the other day, and that was d-tme by our own tranilalwrB in 
one day. So I hffpe'ihar. perhaps- Dr. Nelte has been a little pessi- 
rnklic abnut that aide nf lhe problem 

TliE PRESIDENT: The Tribunal will consider the mairpx 

Now, the Tribunal wiU go on with the cross-em mmatlion 

JTfte Deffndani 1 Sprtr TCJumrd V\C Hand J 

MR JUSTICE JACKSON. 1 think perhsps, Your Honor. Eh* 
phoEographj in evidence ure left o little unintelligible, If the record 
does nut show lhe description of them I shall reed it briefly. 

"Tori UTF cabinets Which were used,, in the foi-einn worker*! 

camp in the grounds of Number 4 Armor Sh-np and these in 

the dirty neglected Russian Camp were shown, to us. and we 

depose the fallowing on oath: 

"PhntPErap-h 'A' jhawi an Iron cupbpjrd which wai apt 1 dally 

man uf j dli S 3 1?y lr| r~ firm vl Krupi tu tOftUi'c Rus^jdj 

eivlh'in wor'krm to nn ejticnf Thai rannntpoflSibJy be described 

i i ■*-» — ■ ■ " ■ fPw^ gsaaaaaaaaaa" 



m-rttjr.fi -each Fruqupntiy rvcn lw^jyople wtrrC kk'kfrd g"d 

firirfrM'ri into oHf compartment Tito Russian - - 

1 vn]\ not read the rtal oT that. 

"Photograph *B' ■ho'ws tbe Same Cupboard fc> ^f looks v.-hPE 

Lt }■ locked. 



IMT ja'l MS 



f.f. 



21 Junr -ft 

' FJlOlQCfaplj 'C shawii ihc cUp-bciaj-d ppen , 

"In Pn^tfngJ'apfi D Wc it* IhL' Camp lb at Will AtlecLtd by the 

Krupp Otr^cLnrBip to servt « living quartt-re for thr Russian 

civilian workers. The Individual rooms wire 2 lo ZVi meter* 
w^iLi-. IS mclCTb; long, and 2 mcLcn high. In tadh itniD Up to 
10 perprrns were □ Ci:omm.ndnted in double tier bods-" (Doou- 
monl UEA-B97) 
I think that covers tt. 

THE PRESIDENT; Mr Justice Jackson-, ohe moment I think 
yuu ought to read lh# test three lines of the second paragraph, 
beginning, "'At the top of the cupbaaxd . i_* 

MR JUSTICE JACKSON, Oh ya, J im sorry. 

"At thi iL'fi p( 1 hi- 1 u pbca ivJ [!htc art J fewsJEVi'lLliF air iVjlcri - 

through which cold svalfr was poured on the unfortunate 

^ " " ^ 

vicUJiiPi durmtr thi- jut-i^lri wii-ifi-: ,' 

fc [■ — t, 

THE FR£SmENT- 1 think you should read the leal thrct lines 
Of the |>Ciiu.lt Lmato paragraph in view of whlll the defendant said 

about the evidence, 

MR JUSTICE JACKSON: "Weim enclosing two letters whi.ch 
Camp Com m umlaut Ijov/enkamp had smuggled out of prison 
in order to induce the undersigned Holer to give evidence- 
favorahle to him." 

And perhaps I should read the In si: 

" The UT>d^r.nig]-ffJ L Pahm/' — one of the- sign Ft?— " personall y 

;n~w hnv ',hr=f Russian civilian wfjrki j T~5 were kicked inta Ine 
cupbuard twu ill one cfrlnp:n IpK'Til, after LhL'.y ft J d flrffl b^o^ 
bvn'i-fi ■■■I J , <i--."V^:ii : ~ :"v- J'-lJ, Twi-oHk-: Ru bs i bus, had j i > 
stay Lhr whuh- ■: -i f^v; Vt;ir": Eve locked in the cupb'.Uird 

_■! 'I , , . J _ -^ _ » ., " ^ ' 



ana c&sa wnTcr was poured im in em u:- ^'en 



r jriiiiy £a,y to Tilt Tribunal that wt have upwards of * hundrrd 
different statements and depoiLtiDn.!! relating to the investigation of 
this camp, I am nnt suggesting offering them, becEuie I think they 
would be LUJiiulaijVL", and 1 shall be satisfied With DEic more. D-313. 
which would bet u mi: Exhibit U5A-90], which is ■ statement by ■ 
dorter. 

THE PRESIDENT: Mr. Justice Jackson, Was thifl camp thai you 
are referring to a cenci'ntralion timp' 

MR JUSTICE JACKSON; Well, it Was. as 1 underhand it, • 
prllKWlffT'Of-war camp and a labor Camp. There Were labor carnpS 

and priEnner-Qf-u-ar campd al Esse n I bad not nndprslOod that 11 
was a rtnwn<ralJr>n camp, but I idmjl the distinction i< a litUe thin 
it times, 



IHT XVI 557 



-67- 
jArr ahjeclron Irom delbnilanr Speer) 



II Jun* W 



before and after their work. Any expert, in Germany can tell yr>U 
thai these arc Wardrobes anaTnot SQme apectal cab'inets. p'epaua? 
they are masB.pitid urcd MrtfcWgj Ihii is Jib-i- confirmed by the fact 
that iner*: ar^ aig wnl = at thr \g B _. far every Wardrobe Ws IhOM 
ventilation ho lea nt the tor and boii.i.m . ' 

MR. JUSTICE JACKSON: Aj prcdurtiwi Minister, you were 



IMT KVT - 5-61 



MORE "TORTURE BOXES" . 



EFEEH: Wh aj_Jg_BJjgTLiieg here it quite a nanrn! Jftffly ^j fl was 

d in cvfry tag! cry, Thcsp Ehotagrauhs tmvu abaol-jlgiy na'valm 






1MT XVI - 546 



jNaia the manner in which in innocuous ohjact a transfer mid into Holocausl 
evidence" by msans of an affidavit" signed by a "witness" whose veracity. 

credibility ind uislence arc left t/n proven The "slaiimpnr may be entirely 

typewritten, Including the signature. Typically, ii is n "certified true copy" 

of in original whose whereabuuta ere unknown, even loday ] 



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KILL PEOPLE FOR SLEEPING IN THEIR UNDERWEAR 



It #feb. ■ 

of war were killed In the above-mentioned camp in varinui 
wayd." 

"Further, on Page 3B, Exhibit Number USSR-3G (Document Num- 
ber USSR-id), information. is- conLauiffd of the shooting tit Yugoslav 
prisoners of wjr in the camp at Bajsfjord, Norway. After IQ Ju': : , 
1942, whe.n an epidemic oE spotted fever broke out in the tamp arul 
Spread to its others, Un? Germana found no oilier way *'E jhlhtiru: 
Thu ■epidemic than by 3!nHHing all the PBllgflts. Xfui wits dorir un 
17 July 1S4". On, the same page. "Jti, there is a reference to a Nnj 
weftian report of 22 January WW'l. compiled on a bajis of sta Ce llfjenE 
made by Norwegian glla,rds, of this camp IV ho hat! fled It Ja sUUlH 
ici ill Is report that of 900 Yugoslav prisoners of war, 32£> were niin';. 
wh:le She remainder, with a view to isolating them, were tram ( err i J 
to another camp. Bjfirfjel I 'atII read into the Record Pegc- 38 'U 
Exhibit Number U35R-S6. beginning with the fifth paragraph (pjiti 
ihe but torn, Page 341 u| your document book: 

"When an epidemic of spotted fever broke cut in the new 
camp, an average of 12 men a day were ahn*. in the course of 
the foilowinK 5 to weeks. By the end of August lfl+9 on (y 
350 of tliesci prisoners west returned to Balsfjord, where- Ger- 
man SS troops continued tn exterminate? them, In ttie e-nil 
only 20D men remained a Live: end were transferred to camp 

OmUL'" 

1 will now akip two para.gr.. pha and pass tn the last paragraph 
of the. Same report: 

-On 32 June IJHJ a transport contammjl Soft Yugoslav 
prisoners arrived in Norway Most of them Were ifiti; tlci I li !i L\ 
workers and peasants, and prisoners from the ranks Of the 
former YugasE.w Army or else captured partisans or men 
seized as so-called 'politically suspicious elerncnta.' Some of 
them — about <i00— were plac-ed in the still unfinished camp 
at Korgen. while the other group of about 500 was sent ID to 
20 kilometers further CO to Qsvn The CDinrnands.nl of both 
camps, from June L942 until the end of Mirth 1943, Was Hi' 1 
SS Sturmbannfuhrer Uotps ... 

"Men were constantly dying of hunger. Forty-five were 
placed m a hut which normally accommodated six men 
only, .. , There Waa no medicine. . . . They worked under mo^t 
difficult conditions on. road building, in the bitter cold, without 
tilolhinjr, and caps, in Ihe wind and rain, 12 hobrs, a day. 

" The prisoners jq thtf camp at Oxn usgd to sleep in thol f 

shirts without any tinderpilriis, without any cover wh~ - 



and carried out inspections- The prisoners who Writ. cnUt'ht 
dipping 1ft their underpants WEreTtLlTed" nn thu g^ Ot by D%jI j,** 

IMT VII «4 



. . KILL PEOPLE FQH WEARING DIRTY UNDERWEAR 



LI rrb. M 

with hia aubrjjjdvLnc gun- In th» sanit manner h<: Jul lil^ 
thmse who appeared on parade w5fC& he. reviewed personally , 
ln_ ailed underwea r- - ■ Bv im- gnd of Ifl-i^ only UP fltill 
jf-MiiiT*'--! sT-'-- =.f !-^r 03ft gtHp (rf UJQ in fcf?gbi put B.J 
about £00 priijn-.'n who- were lakqn to the camp of Osen by 
the end of June 1942. therm Were, ill March 19-13. Only 30 mM 
left alavK." 
I will read into the record an cjtcerpl from Page 3S F Exhibit 

Number TJSSR-30 beginning with the third paragraph from the 

bottom, Page 342 of your document book- 

"BesidLii this terrible treatment of the captured soldiers of 
the Yugoslav National Army of Liberation and the Partisan 
Detachment!, the Germans also treated prisoners o£ War from 
the ranks of thir old Yugoslav Army in complete contra- 
vention of interns Uana! Iotv and contrary to the Geneva 
Convention on (he Treatment of. Prisoners of War, of L92E1 
La April 1941, immcdiat ely after the occupation ul ihe Yugo- 
slav territory, the Germans throve- into eaptivity in Germany 
about 3O0,0o5 nnncoaimlssLaned orfl cers and man. The Yugoslav 
State Commission, ha* at its disposal much i-videncc ol the 
unlawful ill-treatment of these prLsuncr-.* We *hall give here 

a few examples only 

"On U July 1943 In the officers" SS camp at Osnnbriicfc, 740 
captured Yugoslav officers were separated from the remainder 
and placed in a special penitentiary camp called Camp D. 
Here they Were all crowded together In font huts; all contact 
with, the rest of the camp was prohibited The treatment of 
these officers directly contra vmed the provisions, of the 
Geneva Convention even more so ihan the treatment of the 
other prisoners In this penitentiary camp were placed all 
those whom the Germans considered as supporters of the 
Nat I on ul Liberation movement and against whom they very 
frequt'iiLly applied measures' of mass punishments. 

"The Germans gambled with the liv« ol the prisoners and 



frequently shot them from sheer rape-ice. Thua; for instance, 
at the aforesaid camp at Osiuhrudt, an U January 1942. a 
German guard fired at a group ol prisoners, severely 
wounding Captain Peter Nonlnlt On 22 July 194^ d guard 
fired on D group o£ ufficcns. On 2 September 1542, ft guard 
fired on the Yugoslav lieutenant, Vladislav Vaja. who wai 
incapacitated by a wound he had received lomc ttmi? before. 
On 22 September 1342, a guard (rom the prison tower again 
llred on a group of officers. On IS December 1942 the guard 
fired on a group of officers because, from their huts, they 
were watching anme English prisoners passing by. On 

IMT VII jjs 



.7n- 

WEAR UNDERWEAR STOLEN FROM GASSED PERSONS 



imum mehr ■}* einige wtnlge Kilometer manehiert loin. Wlr 
r aubfcn H da» mit der weiteren VerJegung der Front in* Inner* 

Ci'utsLbtJuidfi alle dir ein gJelches Kiel erwartei, die nods in den 
| linden der bluldurrstlgen Nazis Kind. Wir, die Unterze] dine ten 
itppeEJicren an die international* OerTentfichkeH in den txrieg- 
(uvhrenden und neulralen Lacndcm und an ihre Regie rungen ur.d 
hi (ten tm Namcn -der Mensdihrfikeit, dais alles Erdenkltchc 
^■■si-hehe. um eine Wtedaiholung der NaiLat Lsch e n ScheuisljrJi- 
k<'Lli.-n und Verbredien fuer inUAtir ZU Vcthueten* d&rmt d35 Blut 
von, Mllllonen unschuldiger Opfer mcht vereeblith VergOSficn nurdt- 
^ifiammcn mil etu-a lO.OUO CereEteten aller National ttaeten bitten 
■*'ir carum, das& die unjjtaubllthen Scheutailchkeiten der Hitlerianer 
piritt ungesuchnt bidden, D:e Ceretteten YErdanken ihr Leben der 
Ejiatcren Rolen Armee und nsrir bitten die intern ationale Oefient- 
liiiikeli und allc Regleningen dies in Erwaeg^ng am Ziehen und ihr 
oVn Dank m unaerem Nameci auszusprechen. 

Die H I tlef-Biubtr. 

Im Lager Auschwitz ecwiesen sich die Hitlerianer nicht nur aie 
b-lutduentlge Mccrdtr wchrloaer iVlenscben, scrndem audi ita hflb- 

KuTig* Bcrauber ihrar Qpfer. Die Millinnen von Menschen, die 
in dia IvcmzentrfltionsJager Auschwitz gebraeht warden, burden 
In Jet erslen StUncJr ik-rta Dortaein* syltematiach ausgeraubt. Alls 
IhfD Habe, HindkoHer, Kleidet, fieltieug, saaaz Unle rwagsche und 
t - 'ibr?k3eidung wurden von der 5i> nach Lagerhaeu-ierii gebracnt 
du- cigiioj iu diewm Zweck errithtet worden waren, urn diese* 



tfuptuettderte Gut aulK unehmrn. tind pilch Dculschland ireschickl 

Die arbcilakraefiLgen JUeuie h die fuer Zwangaarbelt auagewaehlt 
wjfden h trhieltien die geatj-eifte Gtffarigcnenkleidung miUtt Lhrer 

Auf dem Gelaende dps Lagers Ausduvlti smb es 3ti beanndgr e 
t.ajiL-'rhaeusgr, wo Kteidunaagtutfckg und a nd? re- Artik*-.-! aairtijrjt 
una gepackt wurden. 20 von ihnen mlt<anii Lhrern Irihah wurdun 
i'»n den Deutmhen ntedergebrsuinl, ala 51? den RuE-dizug vor der 
Hwtoii Annw inlralcn 

In dEii i«ha Lagerhaeiisem, die uebng bh^Pfn, wurden luf- 
«'. , J , uMdEn: 

1 1 -H3 Qjifl MaFniieranzuoge- 

-> 836 23 B FrnueflkleLdungssLuediE — Maetitel und Klclder— 

^ S535 Pair FraueniqhuJif- 

M a^UOO Piar Msennerschuhft 

* 13 DM TeppSdip 



IMT XXX IK iEO 



-71- 



(Oidn'l they hiivr any underwear in Germany' 1 ! 



if rta i* 



The document which had not besn p resented In t lane, Your Honor, 
Li thft eorrif apand ence with Lh t- Kuri arm — now presented. l» the 
Tribunal. 1 as^ to be* excused for the delay- 1 quote only that 
p arEirular pari oi thie n'pOft un Au&th wilz , which the Tribunal will 
lind on Page 3E5, On the rfvfuu side, of the document bouk, where 
1here ia stntfHd what was dlsravdred by the commission m the- ware- 
houses of. this camp 1 quote one panagnph; thli Id on Page 3^5. 
second paragraph: 

"On the gramuLi -of the Auschwitz Camp there were 33 specia l 

warEhotJJic5 lor sorting 3nd piLkintj: the Lielumjin^' and clothe s 

Before 'tlu rflrt-iit imitor the pf ess. Lire uI~Etie "Red Army, 23" 3 f 

these warehouses were ham til With the things ltd red In thr.m 

In the remaining iix were disCnvtfed ' 

"L Men's clothes end underwear, 343, B3G E^sta; 2. female 

Chvthfis and underwear . "OS ,355 " ieU: 3. Women's loolwtfar. 

5,525 pairi, Tf Ellen's footwear, 38.000 palm 5- rUgS and 

carpets 13,9*54 pi ere*" 

1 omit the lol!owing two paragraphs and 1 qunte 



I tit r ll^Cl LUiu-H 1 II E9 UITIV tJ UUjUJlll 

IT fie TribtiTjuZ nvft^i u.nli.1 I*GQ hour*./ 



iwt vii m 



-72- 
KILL PEGPIE FOR HAVING ARMPIT HAIR 



ll reft tl 

"Since the bandit* atarted their activity In July 1&4U 164 
bandit* have been ihcit by the uniformed poUcH and 1,043 hy 
apodal procedure tSondvrverfahren) H 
The minulea. of 25 January 11743 Hats: 

""The mimlwr oJ HuerilLa troops Liquidated on 9 January 1943 
by the Security Puhce and the uniformed branch, is DC 
including wounded and prisoner*, 77 at wham were killed." 
Such notet can be found in almuit every one ol the minutes of 
these conference) he]d by Uiburrcilt.^. 



A certain number of prisoner* of warwhahad escaped immediate 
annihilation were mured into special camps where- they were 
gradually kilted off by hunger and by ejchaLiating, heavy labor. I 
will now read into the Hecurd the last paragraph on Fa^e 37 of the- 
report tif Ihg YugasUv Government , which was preVipiiity mentioned 
by me and ottered in evidence- *.% Exhibit Number UBSR-M It is on 
Page 340 of the document boo 1c: 

"On* such camp vras established in 1342 at BoCdTl, near 
Ronjnaji. Nearly l p iKl(l Yugoslav prisuutrs. of war were brought 
Into this camp; and in the? course of a few months all o£ them. 
to the last man, died of illness, hunger, physical torture, or 
execution by shooting Thay were forced every day to do 
the very hardest work on a road! and some dams Their 
working hours Lifted from diwn until l&IMJ hours, under the 
worst possible climatic conditioni Li this far northern part of 
Norway During their svork the prisoner* were beaten 
incessantly and in the eamp, itself. Were cxpoaed to terrible 
111' treatment 

" Thug, for example, in Ajjgust lfl42 the prisoners- Were- ordered 
bv the German iLi'(T of thu catnp to have Jilllbeir hair 
removed from their armpite n net around *hejr genital*, as 
otrTerwi^TKey^fOU id ha shot. Nut '.vni- jiriionef receiveda 
iazpr froni ~\hv Germans, though 1]i> tT^rriiJra knpw well that 
they had none- Th L - p7\mt\vii jpent the whole of the- nigln 
plucking out their half m'irh their lianrfa and asalitlng One 
another . Howevar, in the morning the guarda Killed four 
prisoners and wounded three by rifle Are. 
"On 28 November 1943. German soldiers, Ln the middle of the 
night, broke Into the hospital and dragged out into the court- 
yard 90 sick prisoners, after they had been forced to atrip in 
the hitter told, they were all shot, On 28 January 1943, 
30 more prisoners died In torment from the beatings received. 
Throughout the wirier many prisoned were killed in the 
following manner: They would be burled up ffl their want in 
the snow, and water poured over them, jo that they formed 
statues of jce. It wai estabjished thar 380 Yugoslav prisoners 



LMT VII 4JJ 



-73 
STUFF CHAIRS WITH HUMAN HAIR 



jui> it 

Of these Jews murdered \n White Buthema, over 11,000 were 

_*." j. . . a i . ■. l ■ rill - . m. . m v it . . _ . _ i m aha _ .» **____ « J L 



SJAUgntereu m trie atsinci or Liirjau, ana f.uuu oi mem naa aeec* 

klUrd In Ihc naval pert itself (Documents Number L-lBv, D-Ml). 

Ho w _tan_ an_y_ of _ thcJe_ defendant s plead Ignorance at thi- sp 
Itiinjjj] ^ When tfimmler waj speaking of thESe actions qujlr openly 
amongst his 5S guni»rab and all the officers of hil 35 divisions in 
April 194J, he told them; 

"AnLL-ScmltLtnt la exactly the lamt aa deloujlng. Getting 
rid of bee ei not i quratinn at Ideology: it is a matter of 
cleanliness In J ml the same way, anti-Semitism for us haa 
not been a question of Ideology but a matter of cleanliness 
which now wilt soon have been dealt with. We shall icon be 
deloused. We have only 20,000 lice left, and then the matter 
is finished off with in the whole of Germany" (Document 
Number IB19-PS], 
And In October of that year: 

"Most of you must know what II means when I UP oorpaes 
are lying, side by side, or 300, or 1,000." 

Meanwhile, the mass murder of Jewi at Auschwitz and the other 
extermination centers waa becoming a State Industry with by- 
products galea of half wm« of it, aa you will remembtf. still 
plaited m T haa btxii jnont off the gir ltJ head s, tona of clothing T 
toys, specfoclffi a nd other artklJwrn^Tlji^HSrjhe Reich to ■tuff 
the chairi and clothe the people of the Nazi Slate , the (Old from 
3lel^v^ctims , teeth, 71 transports full, want to fill the coffers oi 
Funk a Reichibank, On occasion, even Ihe bodies of their victim! 
were uafid_la_i7iftk&.Jtc^d tb_fr -Wartime shortage oi aoa u {Document 
KiunheTTKIS-lTiJ 

The victims cam* from all over Europe. Jews from Austria, 
Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Romania. Holland, Soviet Russia, France, 
Belgium, Poland, and Greece were being herded together lo bo 
deported to the extermination centers or to he alaughtered On 
the jpot- 

In April 1943. Killer and Ribhentrop were pressing the Regent 
Horthy to take action against the Jews in Hungary, Horthy inked: 

"Whit should he do with the Jews now that he had deprived 

them of almost all poaaEbLUtiej of livelihood? He could not 

kill them off. The Reich Foreign Minister declared that the 

Jews must be either exterminated ot taken to concentration 

camps. There was no other possibility" (Document Number 

D-7J6). 

Hitler explained: 

"In Poland the State of affairs had been funds mentally 

cleared up. If the Jews there did not want to work, they 

were shot. If they could not work they had to succumb. 



LMT XIX 50S 



-74- 



[an olijflciion Irom dnNndani Gurimj) 



II Mtrtl, H 

b.iTik-, Somc-LhmS like lI?,fjn^ F l3fiO pwroplf Do you say tb.Tl yrui ncvi r 
Ss - * or hiwrrf from Lhe foreiun pre^. in broadcasts, ihat this wj. 
going on? 

. GORING: Firsl of all. the fifiurp lO.OMLlSuCI m not catablLshud in 
any Way. Secondly, ihruughoul the Will I did not rt-ad the* fci^lflh 
press, because I rons i dvre-rl il nrnhing but propaganda: Third! v. 
though I had I hi- right to listen, (u foreign broad ru^Ls, 1 nuvtir dr1 
rd, sirnj>!y bftefcuso J did not ftittt 1o lisMrn id propaganda. NcUh< ■ 
did J listen, to homr propaganda 

Onty during Iho las: 'I days oJ the War did I— and \hm 1 cimlrl 
prove— listen to u foreign bn iadva.it I ng nation for the first bmi 

S1H DAVID MAXWELL-FYFE: You I old Mr Jusiicu Jacksmi 
yesterday that there Wcru varluu* XCprvm nta Mvc-e in Eastern terri- 
tories und you haw seen thf films of ihp concentration camps, 
haven't you, since this. Trial Marled? 1 Yon knew that then' wen- 
roiltionG of garments, rn.lhtuii of fihoesi, SO.n^n kiluprrams L .f geld 
Wedding rin^i, S5 wprrnns of fur^-all that itufl wblfch IhciC! people 

w'ho were curierminaled at MtfLdam-h or Auschwitz left bphjad ihrm 
Did nptrady -pvpt tellyou, under the development of the Fouf Year 
T'Uin, Of anyone else, that they wtrc getting all these anmunls ut 
human miiiprial? Dl> you rem ember w; heard from the Polish 
Jewish gentEeman, who gave evidence, thai all hf jfo* baric from hi* 
family, of bis wjfo anrE mother and daughter, I Ihlmh, were their 
ideiillty Cflrdi? Hm work wbe lei giither lift elolru?s. He told U& lhiit 
sa lhoruypli were the henehnien af your IrlFFid HimmSei 1 thai n tnuk 
b mtnutE'j fietrit ti> Mil | "he wprru j rj taec.-iuse lhev had to have ttulr 
j.'jjr rUl. flIT bj, it v j- rr- er used fur making mull I i.-ss i ■.- War- n£»'h'n^ 
pvpr (old you nbuul this accretion to German material, which came 
ftafn the effects n' lhase people who Were murdered ' J 

CDRJNG: Nil, and hew ran you J mag in;* tlliFV I w'flS laying rtown 
thp braad tjutiincs I i: 'I i ti-:. r man econnmy, and ihaL rprtalnly rtm 
no iniludi e jTuiTiuTauturt' ijf rr i .; i i n ti>i- :■ frnm m'^iukti's hjj] ni l-~ 
ul'liealjon cf old ihon and clothe I leave- thr figure open- Bi!i, 
»]m 1 do war.iL Lo d-bjr-pt tb vdUt refcrentE tn my "friend Himmltr." 

SJK DAVTU MAXWEli^FYFE: Well, I wilt say, "yout eiirmv 

Hlmm.ler,. n ' or Elmply "Himmler" whichever ysu llkp. You know 
whom I mean, don't you? 

GORING: Yo. jjidrad. 

SIR DAVID M AX WELL-F\ t FE: Now, 1 just want to remind you 
of one ettier poinl: E^nibjt Number USA-22B. Document, Numbrr 
flti7jV>-P£, " . r , I iinvt" the hnnoj' ta report toypu that tt vv as pnsiib I P 
Ed Mid 3,6^BCS5 new foreign wotkers to the Gtrnrvan war economy 
U(wem April |j| of lar,l vtir and March Sifi of this year . Jn 



IMT IX CIS 



MAKE SOCKS OUT fJF HUMAN HAIR 



DOCUMENT 311 USSR 

LETTER FROM THE SB - ECONOMIC ■ ADMINISTRATIVE MAIN 
OFFICE TO THE COMMANDANTS OF THE CONCENTRATION 
CAMPS, fl AUGUST (#ft ."HE HAITI CUT OFF Tlffi INTER Nr.ia.j S 

TO HE COLLECTED FOR INDUSTRIAL i'URFOSEii 

BESCHHEiniiNC: 

Ui I V im anti.n-11 Lli-p-Hm Til r iIa**M bfL • Jtd'Stp rail TJ*luelti«Lctii!ii i 
Wiff^r-j* Koinminitanmr K-L 5adiimhitit?n" | fit-. Ii.-ini.5tp rot I IftU"! 
■irrithiLu; mi V«l Unl I r n „!Mlri(ff. V m P „nl fillip I n „ff "LlhlHMWrm 
riikr^f'- im untEroA BeplVin P u ill tKupl 



Gihiiml 
Abschrtft 

ft - W ir iKhlfts-Vc rwfil L J ngshaup Larnt Ororuunbil rg, 6, August I Wi . 

Amtigruppe D — Kunzentratianslagei 1 
D 1 1 S ft it M h- / K b g. T g b. ll?B5h, 

1 3 Auif Ohrung 

B 3 i r i r J 1 I Verwertmig der nngetthtlittBnan Uaare 

An die 
KommftrwUntLTi Jtr K-t- 

Art* Au, Bu JH Da, Flo.. GrRo, Ln, MiiuLfGu., Ha. Nie, N«m.. 

Rav , SahJ., Stilt th., M« H S3 SL Hin^ert. 

Der Cht* da H-WirtBChafts- VerwallungshauptEiml**. ]J-Obei£rup- 
ptrnfUhfer Pohl, hut auJ Vortrag angeordnet, iJbss riag in ntlen 
KL anfgUcnde MenscherachniLthaar der Yerwertung lugeftHirt wirrj, 

Mgnsdicnhaare werziEn ju [nduMngflUeK VpfMrbeUcV mid an Cum 

vgrspanneri. Amj *ti3gck;i rnjta ten unrj abgeAhJtitlenffn Prn utfiri a a it r t 

i vgrdim Hflargarnithaltinge Fiir U-Booisfreratzungen unri ffnarfiF- 

tlriimpfe fur d[« i "Heichabann angiJcctigt, 

Eil wtrd dahff nnflBGrditfcl, dflSS das jmlalk-nde fUnr writltSdlcr 

HaftLngs nfldl DpsmlekliUl* &y fokibewah rtLi tat. Sftknittkaa re- vbn 

miiniilldltll HMllLngen fcan.Fl nur »n ttfter Langa von SO mm B" 

Vtrw^rtLinjj linden., 

H-ObergTuppeniiihrer Ptahl 1st dvahulb einverJEtBiidcri h diss zun-adist 

versUchswE-ust dns Hanr der maEinlitfiGn. HiiCtllnjie erst dann. abgp- 

sdirtLltan wlH, uverm dieses nacb dern Schnltt eLne Ltinge von 20 mm 



IMT XXX I* B52 



-76* 



J1I-LJ-ISH 

hesitzt. L'ra dufth. dm Lltigerwaehs*.Ti dl-r Hasire di? Finch tcrltidl- 
lenmf* xu viii'hjtiAatn, .tlUiS doll, wo rter Ksmmandant bh fil'r erfrtf- 
derUch fcjLtt, eLneiKeiirueichmmg dttoe Haiibnfie Ln dat We-jic erfalgen, 

rffl3i ml t emer j e h m b 1 « n Haarschnsidcniaidliat mitttfl iib^r dtn 

Kcipr i>im? Huarbahri H**^ ^gwiflfe-l** *fi wlrtl. 

£a wJrd Jingeatrcbt b dip VarWcrLUng dtlt Ln alien La gem anfirilen rf*H 
Hnare <iurch Emchtun^ em« V'BrwertunrtsbeLr'Eb&a I" cinnn KL 
diiFch Eui iihren iS'aher™ Anwcisiui^ Qber cILe Abhuf^rung iJ£r .geaarn- 

rn'.-km lliari! falg? nuui 

me 

I.*:? Muimun der rncinjUicft m?sa mnn' I tan Itanre. cctrpjint nmdi 
FrbLUL-n- uiid Mi-rimjm,^.-.:^ -md liiwuib. mm R T -ir.,-ri ii.,L?n MpmlLn 
pratnmlic i^m ^ S-^elubcJ 1LI12. mtj bier ^u la&LJ^n. 

rt-SjigjLi'.-tuhri.'.- uiid 

Gencralmajor der Waffen-fJ, 
Fd-R. 

fiet.Un Lsrschrif t, 

M -QberSturmbanjfiMih re r . 

V e rte i le r 

n, m h rv, 

.- ArbeLts^iniats ■;-;■ 

I'ntv-rirhrifi CujiI • ■ 

f f - Unl tmlurmlu Jimj 

SdiQ. 



n r^L^ -1 ■ r ■* ir » r T ■- ■ -» aif-r-rii 



i.mjvu/mci 1 * i au-uaan 

LETTER FROM RIBBEpJTftOP TO HIMMLEB. IS JULY 1040, EXPRESS- 
ING JOY OVER HIS fFUBBENTROF'Sj APPOINTMENT AS OEEH-* 
GRUPPENFtJHREH Of THE S3 



I'bol I UK gcJr I r uMnr Dim Jilt/* ■!-.. 



IMT JfXXlX 35a 



-77- 
(Aciuafly, rht cnrinci iMnsfntmn should lie hair-yarn "booties" fur U-bosl crews) 



» auc ** 



Gsneml nl the Wafr^SS. GhieHs, mbout the utmuiiim of human 

Sr in the nucemraUni camp. Tf th. Tribal pl«W *h Icj^ 

^tr T^ lh,1 f Ions of b J. cm ^W HO.f »■■> -fWr-nJlhgaff 
hlTbe^n found there- We did nd kncxw till now wtmi wa* to be 
done- ilh thl* hair, bul now w hnvr an original document »Wch 
I am submitting Th,E doniTmrt h* 5 bee* fuund in tbj JJ*^- 
I wffl q^te the whole- document. Document Number USSH-511, wiUi 
your permission- I am quoting' 

"Secret SS Economic Mid Admimsimlivc Main Office, Amtt- 
erappe D Concar.t ration Camp, DrinknfaurE, 6 August 1542- 
Cany Number J 3- Regarding: Utilization cl cut hair To the 

commanders oj the concent ration tamps * 

And then 13 eoneemrajim c*mps are msnUisiwi- 1 alfiL P %h * SL 
-The Chi Pi ol the SS Economic and Admlalstxati v* Main 
Office SS ObtriruppEiitLAririu- Poh], on the basis of a report 
submitted to him, has o^rcd that fell bWW bur cut in 
concMlrption tsmpi be B pproprl*tBly utilized, HunmnhttL^Ji 
to bo uBPd fcr 1he manufaLture of in- ^'riM icU nnd to fcs 
.T^TTnTT^ri'. Out cf em mtaeri und cufha-T ci umimiijjfllr- 

fell atockines far em pJ r,"i- es of fo g Reich railways. 
"Therefore 1 Mdct that the hair of WOim-jr. prisoner* alter 
due disinfection be curled Cut hair of m\t prisoners can 
only be utilised beginning mnih ■. length BJ at 'icest 20 milli- 

meter*. 

"S5 Gbergmpperrfiihrer pohl, therefore, gave hie cMtpf that 
by way of experiment the hair of male prisoners ahould be 
. . ..-, t_^ ii >v.« - lmith nt 20 millimeters. 



IVllL'iSI "■■ 



"tn order to avOid factli tiling escape through the uicreiisw 
in length of hair, In all twee where the commandEr deems it 

™r^*r v la earmark the y i-Lsnner-i. a strip ** hair shcmld.bg. 
A pr ,^ I n. mean* pf a mrrcw 3S5J nght^cr llur mtdOl^d 

tht head . 

The hair gathered in all the camp* «H1 be utlloed by 
coaling * apeci-1 production unit In one of the concentration 
camps, Mote detailed instructions W to the delivery ol tne 
collected hair wAl be given lepnralely. 

■■ttea ortf on amnum ijf hg-r gathp ryd euch anptfi. male and 
figgi record^ wparJU-lv. m.M.a or submit!** an the 5ih_Bl_ 
tiBth month, beginning with & September 1B42. 
"Signed: Ctiicki. SS Brlgftd&fflhrM »nd Major General of the 
WaffB^fiS/' 



IHT XX 363 



-7K- 

Whul is as turns limy abuul the Holocaust is not ihal it is falsi;, but tliai n 

is ridiculous. There mils I be .1 BL-iuk Hole in the universe Titled with gas 

vans, pressure vans, porta blc ovens, porrabk bone grinders, spanking 

nnii; limes, human mattresses, human iocks, hoots, shoes, saddles. 

slipjim. gkivo. purse*. walleK hooks. eariy#js*s for punum^ dlfty 

pi^ttiffcR, millions of docimimi 1 . and. 41) or 5lJ ItimibartcJ tons pf.CfUdc 
j^Iil's ami Nine frugmeiUjf up 10 2 indits l&ftg-, 



There is: a eLiflstanr assumption at trial Lhirt tiermany was an 

un.de 1 din eloped Liiiiiirv like the Central 41'hcan Republic where no one 

eyer suv. a rnatLiL^s, u pLiu of sueks. a bar of si>:j p or u pair of 

underwear. 

The German* wire exltunidv soptustieMled dicrtiislS synthesizing mil lions 

of tons of all", rubber, gasoline. cittHe tats and oils, and fibres every year. 

Thc:\ invL-nlciil Nylon simultaneoustv with iht Flu PunL Co. in TV.^K and 

catted it Per Ion 

Tt appears almost su peril mi > to adJ thaL Neyro hair ean be fulled, but 

Lhiit other hair taniinl be 



1 This point has been fully determined by P. A. Brown (Classified 

Uan of Maukind by ihs Hair, &c.), who shows conclusively that 
unlike true hair and like true wool , the negro hair is flat, issues fron 
the epidermis at a right angle, is spirally twisted or crisped, has n>. 
tTriHra] duel, the colouring matter being disseminated through thi 
cortex and intermediaic fibres, while the cortex itself is covered wit! 
riurmrrous rough, pointed filaments adhering loosely to the shaft 
lastly, the ncgru ode will felt. likp wool, whereas true hair cannot hi 
felted , 

1911 Encyclopaedia Britannlca, "NcgicT 



D-OUECT SEVEN TONS OF HAIR FOH HUMAN SOCK MAKING 



If Frb. M 

bodk- iJesiclii thli I aik the Tribunal Id refer to the Auschwitz 
album, (where on Pages Eft, 35, and 36 they will aee Ihc phD'.rafprapba 
Of 1 tans pf hnif whidl Wafl taken frprn dead women , packed far 
shipment ti> Girrmany. " I b*?gin TTT^iuwHTn^i^ 

" From 1343 the Gee-mans, in order to utilize th* bt.;nqs_ which 

werg jiol burned ata r 1 c-J "(H~flr":nd thgm and seII irir-m "t'tTVhE 

firm Strrm lor the rnnni,jfvicUi r? of superphrapbati?.- In'Tne 

camp th f r l j *ort found bills at LnHnfi. a ;1 il re-wed la the firm 

bilrom, of llY'fcm-T and 600 kilograms of hone mn.il from 

IILtmjn curpserj Tnp f^rman i; illflb used tor mdLcUnjI purposes 

hat^shorn from women who wett doomed Fw cxttrtninaiJOTi " 

I omit the next pages of my statement and I wmnt to draw the 

Tribunal attention to thu findings of a comniLsaL&n o! LRchnjeal 

cxpiM^ which the Tribunal will find on. Pajje d5. revere side, of the 

document boob. Paragraph J. 

SoHrLal reaearrh took nine* in th*« erne rhAmHftr*. On lh» kncFii n* 



(y"> r ■_!.■»—■ ■■ ui ■—■ u i_r !.■. ■■■ 1.1., SJ- H ■■hi-' 4"* 



exact chemical reactl&Os it Was entablinhetf £h&T poisonine; in jjas 
chamhcra was dorp by means of hydrocyanic add. Cyclone A and 
Cyclone 6, and also carbon-monc"3ijde- 

I quote ane paragraph frurn the findings of the technical experts' 
commission: 

"Technical and medical-chemical analyst of the- gas chambers 
in the concentration camps in Mamanefc" — that la pn Page 31U 
of the- document third paragripb— '"confirms and prove* that 
all those chambers. especially the fimt, second, thud, and 
fourth, wfm designed and used for system a tic and mass, 
eKtcrmi nation of people by means of pcisonotia gaties, such as 
hydrocyanic add and carbo.n-mono*ide." 

I omit the following extra cti of my statement which describe the 
regime in the camp* of Auschwitz and MaidaneJt- i consider that 
the Tribunal haa already a very dear Idea of thia. Pan or the people 
Were sent immediately to their death in gdi thambers. while the 
one-fifth or One-sfitth which was left In the camp wore subjected to 
siarvatinn and killed afterwards. f had the intention of presenting 
many documents and excerpts from documents which confirm thia 
fact; but to save tcnie. I omit them, and pass on to Page 324 of my 
statement, f mention this for the convenience oT the Interpreters. 
I quote several facts which deal with cynical and repugnant 
plundering of Inmates whn were killed In Maidanck and Auschwitz. 
t iii : k jjha Tribunal 10 refer simultaneousjy wUh Ihc tcXl I am HJQin n 
In prescgittc. Iho Auachwil? jjlljmn, whure on Pnee 27 you will aec 
a picture of ^uilL-j^ej. which were iho property of the inmate s: on 
Pftgc 28 suitcases with label* of dilTerent countneji and un Fage 33 
a cqIosmI warehouse of dilldren* clothe* r the same on Psge 33. 

IMT VII sai 



■Hfl- 

COLLECT 293 HAIR BALES jHET WEIGHT SEVEN THOUSAND KiLOGRAMS) AT 
AUSCHWITZ FUR MATTRESS STUFFING AND WAKING HAIR SOCKS 



Ht-rsji 

Wetter funded jfdi in den Ligerh aeus«fn e n3se Men gen vftn 
Zahnbuersten, Haslerpmseln. BrUIcrt, Cehuije und dads I it. tl,-™ 
vtjn CefaiigeiiEj?'. brnum -jirarduq. war. AuJacrdem wurdun jjeluntVi 
grosse Me tig en Kinderkteider: Hemdcn, Bnby-Hcnuien. Hnwpn, 
MocntsJ mid Miietaen Ml\ ilinirt blu t b^rl^^ktexL Haentftin Jii-j K I Li ' i , 
die HUlFfischen Kirtderrnoerdef aorgfaplcig dig Kk:dU-r, liiir n_^ - 

njich Pgutscbland" 

Bine Frueftmg des Inhalles der L^gerhieimtr orfab, das* euttii- 
liche G*genJtai!nde den Lenten der v^nchiederiea NatianalJtaeEcn 
fencer! hatten r die zu Tode gefaUert oder gemot del worden w.ii'rn 
KtsJdpr Scihuhwerk und ander* Art ike] trageu fraluHnrli ntu\ 
belgiKhe. unfiarillLhe, ha]!Hen.dlSthG, J ugtotawrsche, Lfcrfii:riii> 
llowflklsche und anderi: F&brikmarkEll. Die KJehfizetlel veesltihv 
dener eurbpatL&cher Hotel* >ind noch an duo Handkoffern zu E&h, h 
Auf dEin Lag#rge]aende cntdeckte- die KommlssJon ileben Eise*.- 
bahnwuggoeis beladen nuL KJeiderrv und Ektneug, (ertig n™ Wr- 
sand nach DillltadlJ und: 

1 1 &9 822 Kinder kluidungsatuecke und Urrterwaejdjg 
£,] 192 &52 FraticnkieidungEatuiiFckft und Unitrwaasdjie - 
3| 222269 MacrmcrkleidungHtuecke und Untervaeache oder IfWffl? 
aamt 5 14 B43 Klei dungssluciice 

Am 7- frfaerz 1345 land die KjammlM-loci In der Ccrber cL dea La lilt,* 
Auschwitz 2B3 Batlen Fraucnhaafg, dig mjammen 7.1100 kg »--r n 
Dec SaehverstaendLge dtr Kommission stellte le*t, daij die llii.ir*' 
L40.0MQ Fray en jiL-geschnLtien warden w&ren, 

Usher 4 000 CI gentordel. 

Vnr Ihrem Hueckxug vertiidilen die PeutsdiEn woigtwitig mv 
Sp-jrcii ihrer jufcusFlLehcn Verbreehen m AuschwitE zu verettmul 
mid xerstQerten all* Dokumantp, duixh die die ^ni» Well We* 
genauc Zahi der in Aunchvite umBetu-achten ^jwrdban trTatii'i 
komite. Aber die nesigen Eiru-iditLniEcn, doe :,r Y=jnLchtijnjj i- 1111 
Mensdumkbcn wr Jhnen, liti Lager erriehtei wciden warcn. W 
Aussagca von Auschwiti-Celangenen, die durdh die Rote Arm-- 
brTreit worden BJnd, die Ausaagc vun S-OO Zvus^n t B uf^iimdfn, 
Dokmnenje und andere wdenllichc &eweismLtTe] g*nufg«r„ Mm t 1 !*' 
deutsdien Henker der AuaratLung. Vergasun^ and Vsrbr*nnu-ivi 
ron Miliionen van Menschen Lm Au5cht*--itz-La^er IU usber fut-h n -ft 
In den fuen.1 Kremutorien tlleLn mit Lhren 52 RctorttTv fccinntcxi <H' 
Deutsdien aell dertn FertagBtcllung die foleende Anzahl vun ' I ■'" 
g*nen vemichlen: 



IHT XXXIX WO 



-SI- 



GAS THEM TO DEATH, THEN DESTROY THE BODIES WITH 
QUICKUME AT AUSCHWITZ 



* Knii of reapunJibility. 11 was appraadifd without regard lo dif- 
ferences of poLiEji-i] afnJ±ati r Jn gr geographical locati&n Th<= <nm- 
mittee- feeii that out of Jt a] J jUJlk'r will emerge and ihat l h m 1 1 yjj 
the ■sckening spectacle which we have witnessed of the d^fifWu'imii 
to which human helngi have bc»n subjected w:!I comb ullimali.-h 
fl firm?! realization thai men Of all nations and all taripjit'i muj.L 
realit efteroadtments n( every (henry and every ideology Thut dfii-i .■ . 
mankind and thai b more Juit and endunng peace may rj-iju; up , 
the ruins ar>d from the sacrifices which the human race has einjurvd 
through tmc «f the- roqiit crucial periods ot its history. 

ALB EN W &ARKLEY. 
WALTER F GEORGE 
ELBERT D THOMAS 
WAVLAhTJ BROOKS. 
KENNETH S WHERRY 
LEVERETT S ALTON ST ALL. 
it, EWiNC THOMASON 
Ji."WEY SHORT. 
JAME5 Wi MOTT 
JAS P. RICHARDS. 
JOHN M VORYH 
EO. V. IE AC 



DOCUMENT L6I-L 

EXTRACT FEOM A REPORT Of THE UNITEE NATIONS WAR 
CRIMES COMMISSION. LONEON, 31 MAV 1945, ON A MSr H W J T? 
COKCSPTTRATICIW CAMP. LIQUIDATION OF HUNGARIAN JEWS IN 
JULY ta-H J EXHIBIT USA^2i 



EXPMMTOKY *OTE 

Oji-nni pji mil, r»|iy, (nth* tcj#tJ4-i lul.nnhicJ 



REPORT 



m.i.]9(r.ps,j /aaaa 

5 1st May. 194S, 



POLAND 

OS W I E C I M [ AU5 C HWlTZl C H C£ N T.R A TI O N 

CAMP 

Interrogation of:- French student, bom 16 May 19, at ST.NA&AIKF, 
who readied Ihe UK- via ODESSA on IT Apr. 43 

IMT XXXVII 62(J 



r82- 



IIL-L 



41. During Jiil 44 they were being liquidated at the rate of 13,000 
Hungarian Jews daily ami as the crematoria eauld not d&al with 
such ninnlwri many bodias wore thrown into large pits and covered 
With cmacklijXLg 



DOCUMENT 165-L 

ARTICLE OP? THE JEWISH FOOD SITUATION IN CTBMAN-OfXU- 
PiED POLAND FROM THE 'POLISH FORTNIGHTLY HE VIEW' 1 
PUBLISHED IN LONDON 15 DECEMBER 19« [EXHIBIT U5A'2fl* 






P OLISH MINISTJtV Of INFORMATION PRINTED AS A FRi^id 

— "" Bl'LI. F'TTN 



POLISH 

FORTNIGHTLY REVIEW 

No S3 London. Tuesday, December 15 th, Ifl-ll 

HOW THE GERMANS ARF STARVING 



POLAND 



The Jewish Fuod Situation 
The Jewish section fif the papulation, jj we know, is subjected 
lo general living condition* which are atill worse than those af the 
Poles, and the uncertainty of life for them ls increased by the con- 
tinually changing orders and re§£ulalinnA affecting their day-to-day 



existence, in regard id idou aupnuirs, iney are ornugni imaer a. 
completely separate system, which is obviously aimed »t depriving 
them of the moat e-Iementat necessities of life. 

The btpar.itt- and Isolated quarters »( Lawns which the German 
autherltlea have assL^rn?*! as ghettueE Sac the Jewish InhabsUinEs 
are theoretically autonomously adminicle-red Hid ire completely CUl 
off iiom the ouULde World. They are under the supervision, ot 
special German commissaries, who have unrestricted powers, 
Economic life inside the^ ghetto, and in particular the nutation ol 
food supplies for (ta inhabitants, is In the hands of the Jewish 
Council (Jiidetiral}. All trade and cOntiri odlty exchange, including 

the lupnly of foods tuffa, goes on through a special German organ 
known aa the TransfcrstcUe. Thla, department is respotuible tor 
■Nutating and idling to the ghetto all kinds of foods. I ncl udi n g 



1MT XXXVII fl27 



MADE IN RUSSIA - THE HOLOCO$T 



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-*i. 



GAS THEM TO DEATH. THEN DESTROY THE BODIES WITH 
QUICKIIME AT AUSCHWITZ 



■ Knl* of respond bility. It was approached without rcj-^rd to dif- 
ferences of poLitjra] affiliation or geographical location. Thf? <nm- 
JTlittire- f«l| that out of H ill JuilJCr will emerge and that [hnrniirV, 
the lidtcning spec tads which we hive vuitnesaed of the dajptdu'ELitfi 

tn which hliroan, htlngi have btL'ti subjected Will crvnt: ul1 irn.ili.-S> 
1 firmer reatlzaticm thai mtfl (I I all nations artd all lanRiU'& mui.l 
FOllJit. rnc-roadhments o( every theory and every ideology Thut d(?iu .■ i 
mankind and thai b more JuSl and endunnu peace may bj-|ju> yp ;1 

the ruinj Hr>d from the aacrificH which the human fate has tnduivtf 
through one ut ihe most crucial periods, ol ils hJatury, 

ALB EN W BERKLEY. 
WALTER F GEORGE 
ELBERT D THOMAS 
WAVLAhT) BPOOKS. 
KENNETH S WHERRY. 
LEVERETT SALTGNSTALL 
■hi EW1NG THOMASO^. 
Ji/WEY SHORT. 
JAME5 W. JWDTT 
JA5 P. RICHARDS. 
JOHN M VORY5 
ED. V. 1ZAC 



DOCUMENT LA1-L 

EXTRACT FROM A ftEPORT Of THE UNITED NATIONS WAfc 
CRIMES COMMISSION. L.-QNEON, 31 MAV IB\S, ON" AMSrHWJ'ry 
CDKtENTnATTOK CAMP LIQUID ATI ON OF HUNGARIAN JEWS IN 
JUL.V 1944 JEXH1BIT USA-392) 



On •aril pliucn, nt|i¥, tncil* icj'Url ml.KnJMrJ 



MI.]9(R.P.S^1 /2B34J 
51st May, 1*45, 
REPORT 

POLAND 

Q5WIECIML1A.U5.CHW1T2I CONCEKTMTIOH 
CAMP 



Interrogation of:- French student, bom 15 May 19, at ST.NAKAIRE, 
who readied the U K. via ODESSA on I? Apr. 45 



imt xxxvii ta e 



-82- 



liL-L 



4L During JuJ *+ Ihey were being Ucmidated It the ra.te of 1 3,1)00 
Hungarian Jews daily and as the crematoria could not deal with 
suth numb-in many bodies were thrown into large pits and covered 
with quack! img 



DOCUMENT 165-L 

ARTICLE ON THE JEWISH FOOD SITUATION IN GERMAN-OCCU- 
PIED POLANO FROM THE "POLISH FORTNIGHTLY REVIEW 
PUBLISHED IN LONDON ID DECEMBER L#*t [EXHIBIT U5A*£fl'l 



i < 



P OLISH MINI5TRV OF INFORMATION PAINTED AS A FRLttS 

BM1, 1. F'TTN 



POLISH 

FORTNIGHTLY ftEVIEW 

No 53 London. Tuesday, December 15lh, IW1 

HOW THE GERMANS ARE STARVING 



POLAND 



The Jewish Food Situation 
The Jewish sectfon &t the popuLatLtm, « we know, Is subjected 
lo general living condition* which are atill worse than those of the 
Poles, and the uncertainty of Jtfe for them ls Increased by the con- 
tinually changing, orders and reguhtliflni affecting their day-tci-clay 
exlatence. In regard Id food supplies, ihey *r& brought under a 
completely separate system, which is obviously aimed »t depriving 
them of the moat elemental necessities of hie. 



The rfparfttr and Isolated quarters of towns which the German 
Authorities have assigned as ghettoes lot the Jewish Inh&betantB 
are theoretically autonomously administered and ire completely eul 
oJT liom the ouULde world. They are under the supervision of 
special German commissaries who have unrestricted powers, 
Economic life inside the ghetto, and in particular the question o( 
iood supplies for Its inhabitants, is In the hands of the Jewish 
Council (JtidctiTat}. All tradq and commodity exchange. Including 
the supply of foods tuffs, goes on through a special German organ 
known si ihe TTansfcrstcUe. This, department is responsible tor 
■HyuiUrtg and leiHnjr. to the ghetto aU klnda of goods. In c lu d ing 



1MT XXXVII S27 



. . USE HUMAN ASHES FOR REPAIRING THE ROADS 



1* Trb. H 

country In the- beginning of ID-ill. The technique was always 
the same. The? day alter *umi! act oJ flabd'nigc or any other 
action committed by the partisans' neat a village tht; German 
troops Mould appear in thii vlllaae Thi' inhabitants would tic 
rounded Up In the central Square or tame other place amtoible 
for the aci"iis;tcin h to listen lo a public announcement, but In 
reality Id be killed on the Spot by machine gun fire After 
this the Germans either burned the villages or else, Ln some 
cases, ihey would ftrrt plunder a village and then open fire 
on It The inhabitants, were killed npenly in the streets, 
houses, and fleldu, regard leis of a fie and sex There were Tew 
cases When dllly the male population rrcrn the age af Id years 
and over were executed In Other cases, when the men 
Succeeded in hidjnj; in the mountains, the Germarti would 
execute the old men, women, and children who hoe] remained 
in the vlllagea, hoping thai their a^e and the:: sev would* 
protect them. The villages of Arachivo. Kalovryca, Gestarnon, 

Klessoura., Kftmtficno, and LLssovcrum may he considered 83 
typical examples. Some villages were destroyed Inr the sole 
reason I hat they were located in some reginn where partisans 
had been active." 

I omit the next Sentence smce it has a direct bearing on another text 
of the report. 1 continue my quotation 1 

"'The number of penpiie murdered amounts to nearly 3^00D." 

I am now going over to the presentation of evidence of mass 

extermination* JJJ the pcacci ul .popuLittorL in the territory of the 

US S.K_ by the Gprmjir. - 

As to the circumstances at the masst executions, we may now 
judjje them nm only by the testimony of eyewitneisea, or of the 



perpetrators dt the atrocities; we may, in part, judge them on fche 
basis df !hr m.VleiliiJ ^nUected by khc k^il and medical commission. 

I say "in part" bECHuie. ag from 1943. fearing retribution lor the 
crimes committed, tht» Hitlerites began to destroy the traces of thr^r 
crimes. They ckhilmtji and burned corpses, ground bones, and 
Strewed the ash?; on the fields; they also used the Slag formed by 
Stir i-nrplMJi crcma'scl ,i.-, ■■'-• r- i ' ,n |hg fchnr>"~ mr, for repairing " ' ic 

the criminals to conceal the trace* of their crimes, It was impnsaiblF 
to destroy all the corpses ft the people murdered. 

The tint rossjj "action" of the Germing when ten* of thousands 
of. innocent and peaceful people were murdered at a time,. w*i the- 
"ftftv action." In order ta rcaLze the extent of these atrocities 1 
refer Your Honors tn» a communication of the Extraordinary State 
Commission alreariy M-iP milted to the Tribunal a.i D&flUffltllj Num - 
ber USS-R-& f OuoSe from Page 2J8 L on the reverse side of the 



IMT VII 535 



-M4- 
M1X HUMAN ASHES WITH MANURE AND SELL IT 



U r -■■- A * 



ibis quotation on Pag? 66, rt- verse aide, nf th-« document bank, second 
ccJuuim of the text, Paragraph B I begun the quotation 

" The Pohsh-Simt't EKlrnqEninary Cummi^on has aacErtainsd 
that duriny lhc -V years' exiiLejii^ uf ;nf PT=EcrminkUjn camp 
at Maldauak the Hitlerite hangmen, following the direct order 
of their criminal government, exterminated by mm sriciijtipjj 

and mass killing in gas chambers approximately 1.5 million 
persona- Soviet "prisoner" : war , prisoners Df War of the 
former Pal^h Army, and nationals of varnaus countries— 
Poles. Frenchmen. Italians, Belgian** X>utrh. Czechs, Serti^ 
Gruelta, Croats, anrt a ifreat number of Jhwi" 
With thtfc document I conclude that section of my statement 
which concerns the concentration campa and pass on ta rh.e last 
action entitledr "Concealment of Traces of Cnmei " 

During the period of their temporary military succeistas, the 
German faflulirt criminals did not bother themselves very much w|;Sl 
cnnceailJiB the trace u( their crimes. Thny did not even coniiriet it 
necessary to eamouflBge the burial grounds In which they hurled 
the bodies Of thE murdered peruana after the shoo Lin fit 

But alter the defeat suffered by the Hitlerite war machine at 
Stalingrad, the aituation changed. Fearing Tcialiatirm, the criminala 
hinran to take urs*nt measures; to conceal the trace* of their crimes. 



Where pa«lble b they hunn»d the cerpiEs Where this could not b* 
done, the burial gjroi>ndj were carefully camouflaged with moss or 
green foliage . Thl earth which covered the pravea of tho&f ah^L ^-aa 
Smoothed wut with special machines an J with cnterpUlnr tractors 

However, the main method adopted by the German fascist 
criminals for came ufUgintf their crime* was the burning of the 
qarpses. Tht: ashes from lhi- burned bodies were strewn over the 
fields The bann* which Ti n rl noC. been wile ijia tell w.-r- cruabed m 
ipec'Ifll madiilHH and mi*'-^ vLHi manure far the pri2p=ir;tl : -'jrt fir 
5rlil«&« Tn large camps; the crushed bones of thi- vicirima were ? 
sdM to lht. 1 Cc-j-inan n»iu !■■-' h» Iran.} [:j r miHf into aiiporphnaphates 

A.v [jj-opf of the utiormous acale ul Hie Hitlerites' criminal acliVily 
directed toward concealing tht traces of their crimes, 1 shall submit 
To the Tribunal i aeries of document! I will rflftr, first at nil. tit 
the communique af the FoUsh-Sovifct £*traordma rY Si ate L'urr.- 
miaaton on Maidtintk. Thii document wm sub ml tied In the Tribunal 
as Exhibit Number USSR-29 (Etocum*nt Number U5SR-2fl) The 
part Of the communique to which I refer will be found by thu 
Tribunal on Pag* ffS of Ihe document book, en tht oilier &Lde 
Column 2 of the l**l, loJit paragraph. In order l& save tlnw, I wU 
idiow myself to sum ma me th- contents of this (lotrumunl: 

la the Ngroriing of 1&42 two D¥en» lor the burninH at corpses 
were built: 



JMT Vtl 590 



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-K<- 

. 8URN HUMAN BODIES USING HUMAN FAT FOR FUEL 



addressed to The Regional Commander af Gendarmerie in Kjmen- 
KashlrsJt, fttnlerea h=inimntedia-tELy to mip ply information coneerninu 
location and number of common graves uf person* to whom fpeciaJ 
repressive measure* had beta applied la the district 

Among the documents discovered in the Geiilapo building o! tjw 
Hoynn district has teen found a report concerning the execution of 
ihe above-mentioned order, with the enumeration of about Hill 
localities, where fiudi graves wet- registered. One can see from Uilh 
list that the Germanti-iaSClst henchmen primarily chose inaccessi bl- 
and [jointed ipotj for the interment ol theix victims. At tht en 4 q( 
the list we read, -Th& list includes *U the grsvea, including tho* 
of the commandos who worked bore previously!" 

[ will now quote an extract of the appeal to the public opinKm 
a* the world (.rum the representatives of several thousand former 
Internees at Auschwitz.: 

"The gating of unbelievable number* of people look placr 
upon the arrival of trans parts from various countries: France,. 
Beljsiunnu Holland, Greet*. Italy, Hungary; Ciech wlovakia, 
Germany. Poland, the U.5.5.R.. Norway and others The new 
arrival* had to pas before an SS doctor or else before the SS 
corrutiiindi'int of the camp The latter points bis finger to 
the right or left. TbL- left meant death by gas Ou? of * 
transport uf LSlJtL an average of l r £0U lo 1,300 were imme- 
diately to be gassed ftarely the quota or people sent into the 
camp wan a little higher. It often occurred that the SS dbttoa 
Mcngj-jg and Thda performed thin selectmen white whuULng a 
Lively tunc. Tht: people destined to be gassed were obliged to 
atrip Jn trent of the gri-duiiihtn.. liter which they were 
driven with wblpa into the gas-chambera. Than the door of 
the underground gas-chamber was closed, and the puople 
were gassed. Death ocuurred appraximatelj' 4 minutes Later 
After B minutes the gas chamber was opened, and workmen 
belonging to a special commando, the so-called Sondcr- 
kommandn, transport ed the bodies to the eremaiion o^eos 
which burned day and rufiul 

"There was a shortage of dvem at the lime of the arrival 
of transports from Hungary; consequently enormous ditch^ 
were dug for the purpose of tremadnfi the bodies- Fires mode 
of wood soaked in gasoline were laid in -these ditches and thf 
bodTeTwere thrown into them. However, theSS men frequently 
hurled live children and ndulta Into those ditches, where the*o 

■ !■■■■ ■ ■ a_ ■ . i _ _ h.-k- >-ffl -i-LiB nnpnlinir 4 Tl <* 



MM 



unhappy victims flieri a umoie aiiui m «yc kjwilih.-. 
rata and oils necessary for cremation* were partly derived 



I«T VII 174 



M 



Fats and oils lor technical 



[rom the b °di*s of HdJ.Ht-1 ifigwte Fata and oils lor technjcaJ 

*^Tpora ann for ike manufacture ** *«£ were * Lfi ° obtair,Efd 

(rnm tlm corpses." 
The appeal ends with the following words: 

■Toeetfier with 10,00D rescued inmates »f alJ nationalities, we 

demand that the crlm« and the inconceivable atrocities of 

the Hitlerites should not remain unpunished," 

ma just demand 1* supported by Lhe entire civilised world 
-M by all fr«donvlovir.g people. The organised m^ i anmhiLit on 
J? prisoners qE *« institute* one of the vilest crimes of the 
Hitlerite eonspiralorB. 

Numerous facta of murdero, tortures, and nultrentmeni to which 
D rijoF»*rt of war wBrt subjected hay* been definitely established 
They were tortured with red-hot Lnma t their eyes were ftouged out, 
the,r extremities severed, et ester* The systematic strocii ** and 
,hort-shrifi justice qgainat captured officers and nwn of the W 
Army we™ not chance episodes or the result* of criminal a^it>« 
of Individual officers or the German Army and of German o£Qcs^s. 
Th° Hitlerite Government and the Hitfh Command nf (he German 
Army ruthlessly ^terminated prisoners o! war- Numerous docu- 
menU, orders, and deer** ol the fascist Government and orders of 
the German Supreme Command testify to this fact. 

M early as Ifiarch 19*1 —us the Cerram Lieutenant Genera] 
OiLarreidi testified during hia interrogation—a secret conference 
took place at the headquarter of the High Command In Berlin. 
w her* measures were planned lor the organization of camps for 
Russian prisoner* oC war and rules laid down for their treatment. 
According to OaterrelcbV evld*n« the** rules and measures lor 
Sariet prisoners of W*r were eeeuilially a plan for their exter- 
mination. 

Many Soviet prisoners of war were shot or hanjted while others 
pcn^ihed from hunger and in! ectious diseases, from cold, and from 
lorlore systematically employed by the Germans according to a 
olun which wan developed beforehand and had as Its object the 



mas* EStEnnlnfttion at Soviet persons- 

In Appendix 3 ta Order Number B for the Chief of the Security 
Police and 5E*< dated 17 July 19-11, a Hit Li given of prisoner-of-war 
eaznpi set up tn the bf«i af the lat Military District and of the so- 
called Government General. In the Isl Military District camps were 
■et up Ln particular in Frokul*, Heidekrug H Schierwind, Sthuuen- 
roda [Ebenradu) In Froatk.cn, Suwilki, PiadibM-Geram and Ostr»- 
leiiko. In the so-called Go/emment General, camps were set up at 
Ourov-MestJv^tsky, SedJee. Byeiopcdlaskov Khohn, Jftroslav,, at 



IMT VII 175 



-&7- 

. . BURN HUMAN BODIES USING NO FUEL AT ALL AFTER REMOVING 
THEM FROM THE GAS CHAMBERS WITHOUT WEARING GAS MASKS 



t Am. m 

before we organiit this future Jewish Stale,, yen must of course 

learn how to work. You must learn, a, new tradu. You will he 
taught thu? here. Our routine here is, ntst. «very one must lake off 
hh cluthes so that your clothing can he disinfected, and you can. 
have a bath no that no epidemics will be brought into the camp." 

Alttr he had found iuth calming words for his victims, they 
started on the road to death. Men and warned were leparatud At 
the first plate-. One hid to deliver the hat; at the next itne, the coat, 
ctitiar, shirt, down to the inoei and socio. These place* were take-d 
cloakroom!, md the person was given a chock at endn one ao that 
the people believed thit they would get thrlr thine;? heck This 
other Jews had to recede the things and hurry up the he* Arrival* 

so that. They should not have time to think. The whole thing was 
like an assembly line Alter the last stop they reached a big jnSntftt, 
and were told that this was the bath. When the last one was in. 
the doors were shut and the gal was let into the room. 

Aa man as death had set in, the ventilator* were started. Wii fif - 
th £ air could hi: breath i' d tig^in . ihe doan; ivura opened, and the 
Jewish wnrkers remrved the bodies By nlfjna flf a special procu^ 
dure which Wirth had invented, tJiey "w e i a burner! In the open 
■Lr without the use or fuel , 

HERR PELCKMANN: Wa* WLrth a member of tbe S3" 1 
MQRGEN: No. he was ■ KrimLnalfrornmiianr in Stuttgart. 

KERR PELCKMANN: Did you ask Wirth how he amved at 
thif devilish system? 

MORGEV. When Wirth 106k over the extermination of the 



Jews, he was already a specialist Ln mjis-dcjitruftmn o[ Human 
beingi He. had previously curried out the ta*k at getting TjcI pf 
the incurably Insane. By order of the Fiihncr himself, whose order 
waj irans-niltled thrnujjh the Chancellery uT the Fuhrer. he ha J. 
at the beginning of the war, set up a detachment tat this purpose. 
probabty composed of J lew officials of hit it 1 believe, the 
remainder b*ing agents, and spies af the Criminal Police 

Wirih very vividly described how he went about carrying oui 
this usjgnment H# received no aid, no ins t ructions, bul had \<i 
d? it til by hLmseif. He waa only given, bji oli) empty building 
in Hrandrnb'ji'g There he mode his first eupcnmEnU After much 
considers I am and many individual experiments, he evnNed hn 
later lysEflm, and then this system was used On s Urge 4tlle to 
exterminate I he Insane, 

A commission af doctors previously investigated the flits', and 
those Insane who were liBled by the asylums as incurable were 
put on, d separate list. Then the asylum concerned was told one 
day t<h send the*f paLseiits lo- another Institution. From this asylum 



IMT XX *« 



BURN! 8D.OO0 EDDIES IN TWO OLD OVENS 



ll Ttb. ** 

*As there wsre a great many corpses, the Germans* In L&42. 
began buitding, and by autumn of 1^43 hud concluded, the 

building flf powerful cremator^ tormijtliig of Five ovens . These 
ovtiiu burned unCf.iaiTlHly The temperature in Ihese o-Vefll 
could read*. l F 5u« degrees Ccblus, tn order ia In. 1 able tt> put 
is many bodies ao possible Into the av>M, the co-rpes-s wer e 
flLraeMlod and the limbs haeked off "" 
I omit the next paragraphs and beg the Tribunal 111 pay flttentio[i 

tea the passage which, Is three paragraphs further down 

The ovens Sn the erematorl&K pruved to be inftdequale, so the 

Germana Were compelled In resort to special primitive cremation 

installations which hed been madt: m the folio wins way— 1 bejln the 

quotation by Paragraph L. Page 334 ol the text 

H On rait* or an automobile (ramu which served as graLes 
planks were placed. Corpses warn la id on the planks, then 
more pi unit*, and n^ain corpse*. Five hundred to l.QDQ corpse* 
were piled an one pyre. All that was covered with gaaolLns? 
and ignited." 
I fjuote a ihoii excerpt which ascertains the Kale of criminal 

action* taken to canwal, fcha trace of thi?se ertmra, Page 338, first 

paragraph: 

"The commission, has ascertained that in the ovens of the 

crematoria al&nu more than fluO.&Otf corpse* were burned. 
More than 300,000 corpses were burned on Lhe jrigEintic pyres in 
the Krenrpflti, Woods; more than EUi.ODD corpus were burned in 
the twp o5d nv^iu : nut Icia titan 4Wl,Cn0 eqrpsel Weru BUrflrd 
on jivrCg In the camp itself, near the crematoria lr 
Aa a proof of, these same circumstances, that is ta say, of the 
seat? of the criminal activity of lhe Hitlerites In concealing; the 
I rut es of their Crimes. I refer now to the report Of the Extraordinary 
State Commission of the Scivicr. Union for ihe ti>wii of Mins E The 
members ol the Tribunal will una IhU qupIaTJnrT'on the back at 
Page 215 second ea I until of the te*t. Paragraph 4. I quale a short 
excerpt; 

I L In the Btagovtochchipa Wppds 31 dLtch gr:iYHB were dia^ 
coveren, eaniou flawed with eucrjjrccn. branejiBS . Some of trie 
graves reached a length of 50 meters. During a partial 
excavation of five of these gravas„ corp*ea and a layer of 
Uhc& Efl centimstprA or I meler thick WOS dus^ovared at a 
depth of 3 meters. Wear the grave.* the commission discovered 
b ijrBaL num ber of small human bonoa, hair, false teeth, and 
numerous tmnlt perronal articled. The investigation hail 
ascertained Uiat the fascist eatb/mlnafed hem up to lSCOfl fl 
persons 



TMT VII G&1 



MADE IN RUSSIA - THE HOLOCO$T 

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*$$* 



BURN HUMAN eODIES IN HOLES DUG ***™^^™U 
IS FROZEN IN JANUARY WHEHE II TUINS AND SNOWS CONSTANTS 
AND TH1RE IS MUD EVERYWHERE 



in 1 * 



pt eces we =*ked the Lorain* ttildter* of th* W-hr*A*i; *£ ^j 
RumdLnd ^ whetfaet wr would «rn^ B rm: mud they r^phed. I 

gfrt thEHL" 

W* ir rived at Anachwilz at dawn. The ««J* ™ our ■ ™ w«* 
broken, Pnd we were driven -1 by hlaws with U» butt «k Uj !■ 
,40*, ind liken 10 th* BfcWu Camp , ii vrtinn of the *"-?™U 
Camp T1 i* ti t' F>T.-J If, * h » ™^'yr |r f"; """-" ^ a - 
) S J\L. SBh *' Ln Wt y Xurm e *"■* pan *l the N^v w, 

only - well bw slidtr «ur chan C « wrre llul in wouW ™ 
aul -c^i. **r we tud already met ^lum** of ^jgg?g 

JSn* * work; and u w C attend we »n« "Th* Mar-LU-Lie to 
keep up our coumgi-- 

Thure our heads were shoved and our regLStr»llun numbers wer^ 

rT*t ea nt bath and - «W MWW ^ «gr£ the ktto t We 
were rakid. iH Ihii look P^ce in the prince °* SS men and 
„ W* were ihe*. given clothing which was wiled and torn, 
a cation dreu *nd jacket of the Mm*- material 

As ill this had Liken Hv?ml h™"> we m* from the ^™£ 
r £ blU whe^t we *■** ihe cmop of ih* art; -nd tov-rd ^ 

SS fi ?"^"S*t he y .^l«l they w,re put Jh ihrir feet a*™ 
bv heme ki*<d or by b]cw» with tM bott «nd nf . rffl* 

Alter that «. w- Uk fifl to the bW v^here w™^ U« 
There were n « b«d K but only bunfc=, m^unT.* i by 2 ^^V"? 

or bknk" We r™™-! i» blodu o! this kLnd to Jg^W^ 
W. : tild not -leep .11 night, be, a u„ every t^e nn, ^ 

diatyrbtd the whole mW. 

i lui I. Li i,i™=i we wG rc driven Lrocn our hunts Id go to ro 



*nd wllh cudcel blowa we were anven >^^ ««» "-» ^^ » ' 



g£^S&i ^^ would *«t on wm «r * HW 
M. DUBOST; Exbuw m^ can you descrlb* the mil call? 



IMT VI 2CW 



*9l> 



(Note rnferancfli in mm, snow, mud, stints quicksand. etc, r etc. 
and ihis is in holes yeU 



MME- VArLLAMT'COUTUHJEH: for roll call we weire lined up 
in rowa «jf uve; and we waited until daybreak, until the Auf- 
spherinriEn. the German wJimeji -uard& in uniform, cam* t* -count 

u-i. Th«y had cudgels and they beat Us more or lfcSA at mndoni 

We had n comrade. Germalne J~ena.Lid, ■ ichooj teacher from 
Azay-lc-Riduiiu in France, who had her skull broken be-fore my 
eyes from a blow with a cudgel during the rail call. 

The work at AuSchwiti connialed of clearing demolish Get houses, 
raid building, and especially the drain ing of marsh land Tins wis 
by far the hardest wi.?rk, for all day Ji?ng ^ had Cur fi'eJt in thy 
■ ■v,jtvfTi'ti^pi1n--,M- vl'.i> i ii ■_- ■Jj-aur ofbeine: jocki-d down It freiiuemiy 
iL^Kl!-' 1 '"-' ^' M - ^'^..'i-i's' '■-■" p^jLI ^ut a comrade who had sunk in up 
1o the waist. 

During Ihu Work the ES men and women who filood guard OVer 
us would belt Ui with Cudgels and nut their dogs on u& Many of 
isqr Mend* had their legs lorn by the dogs. 1 even saw a woman 

tOfn In pieces and die under my very eyn whnn Tan be r, a rnernbur 
of the SS. encouraged his dog in at lade her and grinned at the sight, 

The- cauiisuE death wtn- extremity numer-un. First, of all, there 

was: the complete luck of washing facilities- When we arrived at 
Auichwitz, ffir I2.CHJCI internees there was only one tap -f water. 
Unfit for drinking, and it was not always Mowing. As this tup was 
Ln the German wash huuse We could readn it only by passing 
through the guards, who wtrr German rommnri'hw women pn- 
fronen, and they bent ui horribly as we went by. It was therefore 
almost impossible to wash ountplve* or our clothea. Far more than 
J months we remained without changing our cluthus. When there 
waa gnaw, wg roelicd some to wash in. Later. In the spring, when 
wng wEJiL 1u -*■• .i k. •*■<■■ wiiij]jI drlnJt TForn~a "pull die- "by th«* road-aide 
a_nd ihcrL~w~i">h iilir~underclrHh.ES in i Wg took turns washing our 
hands in thj~ dLrty water . ftur companions were dying of thirst, 
because we got only half a cup of some herbal tea twice a day. 

M DUBOST- Pk-aNL- describe in detail one uf the roll calls at the 



bn>R inning of February 

MME. VAILLANT-COUTUrUEH: On 5 February there was what 

is galled a g'-'ntral rait call 

M DUBOST- In what year was thai? 

MME. VAILLANT-COUTURIER: In Lfl43. At 3:10 tile whole 
camp . . 

M DUBOST In the morning at J:3o? 

HM£. VAiLLANt- COUTURIER; In the rnomintf at ^30 the 
* r hfh[i,» camp was awakened and writ out On the plain, whereas 
normally Ihe roll call wan. at 3:30 but inside the camp We remained 

IMT VI 207 



*f> 



it Ian. M 

out in front of th* camp until 5 In the afternoon. In the snow . 
without any food. Then when the signal wai given we had tg go 
through the door one by one, and we were ilrutk in the back with 
m cudgel, each on» of us. In ordef id make ua run. Those who could 
pat run, cither ba^&use they wtm too old or too 01 were caught by 
■ hoolE and taken to Block ZS, "wilting block" lor" the gas chamber. 
Oh. that day 10 ol the French women el our sonvgy w«n; thus 
caught and taken to Block 25. 

When all the internees were back In the camp, « party to which 
t belonged wag urgansied to go and pick up the bodies of the dead 
which were scattered over the plain as on a battlefield Wt carried 
to the yard of Block 15 the dead and the dying without distinction, 
ami they remained there stacked up in a pile- 

This Block 35j which was the intercom of tits gas chamber, II 
one may express it so. la well known to ma because at that timt we 
had been transferred to Block SB and our windows opened on the 
yard of Number 25. One saw stacks oC corpseo piled up in the 
courtyard, and from time to time a hand or a head would stir 
among the bodies, trying to fref itself! It was a dying woman 
attempting to gut free and live. The rate of mortality in that block 
was even more terrible than eLse where beta-iac, having been con- 
demned to death, they received food or drink only if there was 
something left In the cans in the kitchen; which meana that very 
pftsn they went for Several days without a drop of water 

One Of our companions. Annette Epaux, a fine young woman 



of 30, passing the block one day, was mrcrmme with pity tor those 
women who moaned from morning till night io all language!, 
"Dnnk. Drink. Water!" She came bade to our block to get a Utile 
herbal tea, but as she was passing it through the bars of the 
window she was Seen by 111 e Aufseherln, who took her by the neck 
and threw her Into Block 25. All my Life I will remember Annette 
£paux Two days later ] saw her an the truck which wu taking the 
Internees tn- the gas chamber- She. had her arms- around anathtrr 
French wuman, old Lino Porch er, and when the [rude started 
mnvLnfl she cried, "Think of my Ltllo boy, if you ewtr get hack to 
Franee." Then they started singing "The Marseillaise." 

In Block 25, in the courtyard, there were: rats es big a* cai* 
running about and gnawing thtr corpses and even attacking the 
dying who had nut enough jitrength left to chase them away. 

Another cause of mortality »nd epidemics was the tact that *t 
were tflven food In large red miss tins, whjch were merely rinsed 
in cold water after each meal. As alt the women were ill and had 
not the strength during the niRht to go le the trench which wn 
used as a lavatory, the access to which was beyond description, they 
used these containers (or a purpose for which they were not meant 



ItiT VI MB 



uj- 



■ Jan. II 

The next day the mesa tins were collected and En ken to 4 refuse 

heap. During the day another team would ec-me and collect them, 
wash them in cold water, and put them in use again. 

Another cause oT death Was the problem of shoes. In the- inuw 
and mud of Poland leather shoes were completely destroyed at the 
rnj of a week or two . Thoref&re OUr feel were frofFn arid mlrergd 
with sores. We had to sleep with our muddy shoes on. l^t they be 
stolen, and when the time came to get up for roll call cries of 
anguish couJd be heard: "My shoes have been stolen." Then one- 
had to wait until the whole clock had been emptied to look under 
the bunks for odd shoes. Sometimes one found two shoes for the 
same foot, or one shoe and one sabot. One could go to roll call like 
that hut il was an additional torture for work, because sora formed 
on our feet Which quickly became infected for lacJt of care Many 
of our companions went to. the Hevler for sores pti their feet and 

tPD4 Sslri rinujir mm- Hij-V 



"fcrWhri bi_ tfquv. 



ML DUB05T Whit did they do to the internees who cam* to 
roll call without shoes? 

MME VAlLLAXT-COUTLTttER: The Jewish internees who 
came without shoes were imincdjalely taken to Block 25. 

M DUBOST. They wrt gassed then? 

MME, VAILL ANT-COUTURIER: They wtre gassed ftir any 

reason whatsoever. TheJr conditions were moreover absolutely 
appalling. Although wp were crowds flOu in a block and could 
■COTCely move, lh>y were 1,5*0 to ■ block of similar d lineman*, so 
thai many of them, could not aleep or even Up down during the 
whale night. 

M. DUEQST: Can you talk about the Revier? 

MME VAILLA,ST-C0UTL1UER: To reach the Revier on# had to 
go first to the roll calL Whatever the slate was . 

M. DUBOST: Would ytm please explain what the Revier was in 
the camp? 

MME. VAILLANT-COUTVRJER: The Revier was the blocks 
where the sick were put, This place could not be given the name of 
hospital, became it did not comespond in any way to our idea of a 

hospital* 

To go there: one had first to obtain authorization from the block 
chief who seldom gave le When it was fl.na.lly granted we were led 
In columns to the infirmary whene r m matter what weather . 
whnher it anowed or rained , even if one had a temperature nf 49* 
{centigrade J one had to wait for several hours standing in a queue 
to he admitted. It frequently happened that patients data outside 

1MT VI 3W 



-»* 



at Jui. M 

M DUBOST They were not tattooed? 

MME. VAU-.LANT-COUTURIER: Nq. They were not even counted. 

M. DUBOST- You were tattooed? 

MME. VAIL.LANT-COUTURIER: Yes, look. jTho witness- showed 
her (jrm.J They were taken la a red brick building, which bore the 



let tan "Baden," that li to My "Bath*." There, to begin with, they 

were made to undress and given a towel before they went into the 
go-culied BhOwVr room. Later on r at the time of Ule large convoys 
from Hungary, thuy had no more tune left to play-act or to pretend; 
they Were brutally undressed, Hid L know these details 15 I furu-w 
a 111 tit: Jnweaa from France who lived with hur tqmity ut tjie 
"Republlnuo" 1 riiuri ct 

M DlTBOST: In Pari*? 

MME. VAILLA.NT-COUTUTirER. In Paris, She was called "litUe 
Marie" and she was the only one, the aole survivor gf 9 family of 

flimSr Her mother ami her seven bra them and sisters had brrcti 
gassed an arrival. When I met her she waa crop] oyed tn undress the 
babies before they were ^fe" intm the flas chambe r- Once the 
peap!s we-cte undressed " they took them intd a room which was 
aam^what like a shower room, and gas capsules were thrown 
through an opening in the railing An S3 man a^uld watch the 
e~ffect produ^e^ through n porthole . At the end of 5 or 7 minutes, 
when the £115 had ' cump] eted its work, he gave the signal to open 
the doom; and men with gas masks — they too were.. internees — wen t 

Into the room and removed the corpses . They i gld us that the 
internees must have Buffered before dying, because they were 
closely clinging to one nnuthtr add Jt was very difficult to separate 
I hem. 

Alter that n special squad would come to puJi out Bold teeth and 
dentures; and again, when the bodies had Been reduced to aahsa , 
thry would sift them in an attempt Id recover the Bold , 

At Auschwitz there were eight ere ma tones but, as tram 11344 , 
these prn^rf insufficient, TbeSJ had large pi Lit dug by the JJiln-m^a, 
when: they pu£ branch lis, sprinkled with gjrajj," frj_ which thuv set 
On fire . Then they threw the corpses Lnto the pits. From qur blodt 

tve could see' after about three-quartern of an hour or an hour after 

the arrival o| a convoy, large flame* coming from the crematory,, 
and the sky was lighted up by the burning pits . 

One night we were awakened by terrifying tries. And. we dis- 
covered, on the To] lowing day, from the men working in the 
Sonde rHomnuindo — the "Gas fCocnmando" — that on the preceding 
day, the gas supply having run out, thi?y had thrown the children 
Into the furnaces alive. 



IMT VI 



216 



This Cummnnifci fupon coiiiflirra 5 rttlfliencei lb swamps ai Auschwitz 



Ml- L H 5*H 

SS-Uyl* dat Sch waster me-lner Fmu mi I lhrrn zwtj Kmriom und 
meinc NidiLi! im Alter vein 30 Jahren, Im Jult 1944 jring audi srnlrir 
SchwBster zu Grundy. iL 

Der Tod sim I a u f en de n Band. 

Die Erhebungen ergaben, dass. abjf^gehen VQn den Mensdicn. ctl 
tu Esrptrlmrnherzwedieri an den Lajrcm von Ausdiwitz brstimm 1 
wartm, dort cfituerrd etwn 200.000 Gcfangon? zum Zweizkit dd* Au',- 
beutung dutch km hoedisten Masse tntkraeftende Zivangsaroi .i 
gehallen wurifotT- J-Kc MeiiKdiL-n die dtuse ArbeKe-n lwrliJUrn 
miis-fi: en . wurden In eincn Zu'jtanqJ voe LJJ^-B-r ErschoepMrj^ gebrad'1 
und daim alsnuLelos um^bfacht Jedt Wocha tralen deulgche Aeir7.:L- 
cine „AuBwahr. all derm Ergehni* a Up Krankcfl Ln dttn Gaaka m rnern 
limjfebrcdll wurden. Dies? wurden d U rich 'So Idle ersel2t, dls per Bnhn 
lm Lager ne.ii angeknmmen waren Ea war ein genau pus^earbfi'eEe.v 
Syalem. ein sehre-dtjjdle* laufendes Band de* Tode*. Die fMH-il 
VUJrdon umgebradlt um d Larch anderff ex He til JU Warden, die dartn 
an der Reihe- wareiL dtarrh rucckaiditslnse Austeutung zu KrankheM 
und KrsciitoeprLing ge&radht zw wc-rden und dann adurklp man jil- 
wie die andcrtti in die Gaakammorn, 

Sktaven iuer die I. G. Fatben-Induilrie 

lm Jahre 1941 begannen dip Dfutschen mlt dem Bait elner 

pjrosreti. diemischen Ruestunjjsrfabrik fuer die I.G. Fa i-bcrundij sin- 
in dex Naehe- von AuadrwiU und mil deir Bau eine.r RuMtungGfabr:k 
iuer Axlfllerie" und andexe. Zusnder Der Ban wurde auSgeri-i^hrl 
van Krupp. van. r . Union- Firm en* und andean G«e.Uidiaft*a. Zeh ra- 
ta usendc von Auschwltj-srefangenfn der Vtrj^iedcnziteri Nairn n-< 
U! acton — Ruwen. Ukrainer. Weissmssen, PdJfti. FranEoscn 
Jugoalawert. GrJeehcn, Begier. Tschecheji. HoLlaendrr. Italknw— 
achmHdttetL'ji untax d«r brutalen Akiibcutijog. arbeiteien an diesrn 
EsutEn, ebensp an der Trockenlegung Von Suempfen , in Berjfvre/pkfli: 
und an dtm Ban von Sixasaen. 

Die Baraefcen dET Konreirtrationnlager befanden Kith uLeben bis 
adit Kilometer von deci Arbdisilellf*n. ES-Mannsdinftf-n UB-saen dir 
Ce f anfl en**n zu Tansenden unr.ruCGn und trisbun a^c dann unltr 

bfwaitheler BewadnunjJ und urcijfpben iran Aoh^lli'FTl, mil Knuepp^ln 
und Kondifn aur Arbeit Bel der ArbHt wurden die Gefangenen vtm 
den SS-Le-utcn, dpn Aulpassprn und VorarbeLtem auJ brutala Wniic 
gHchlagen. Eanen SehSag (uer Aurridllcn del Ruedterti, tinen 
anderen dafuer. dam man nlcnt genuegend Erde aof die SchJiiM 
nahm. wilder einen dafuur. dan man mdil acknell gonag arbeilek- 
Anderr wurdrfl dorth Pruegel da in gcbnuht, daas *ie mil Hum 



IMT XXXIX 152 



ifven tha "niganlta swamps ' d Auschwiir (!) 



erde~belad!*nen SchJEbkutren rannlfn Der VorarbeLLer sajjtf „Dib 
GtselUchJft bteahlt vier Mark luer Dlch und de*vhalb musst Du 
■ rbeitEn i^lr tin Plerd." DJe\ die vt?i- Ersdmepluna, luaammtn- 
brachen, WUtfteh ILlT der StitMe ersdl Oteicn. Die ArbedLerateklcn 
wiren zur glfirJien Zt\.l HinrichtunpstJielten Dee TosHmg von 
Gefangencn wurd* vnn der L*gerverwaUung Ln Jrder Weise untrr- 
slueLzt ObemturmbHTUiIuthrer LIEBEGERSCHEL erbciss einen 
Urfehl. in welchem tr den SS-Leuieri &n Mark fuer jedtn getoeie- 
ten. Cefan^en(>n auKB-tEte h der einen ff F1uchlversuch"' machlc. Um 
dktse Belohnung 3U erhaJtcn, mordiMfcTi die Wadimannsdiaflen 
tingestrsft. 

L'etier d4K Tmnung von Gefan&enen aul dcr Arbeitsstijile wurde 
van eanrtn ehcmalifi&n GeEanfienen AklSge&gt' „. . . .lm August 1943 
arbmiete jch an der Saustelle der I.C Farbenind Usui c-An] age. Eii>p=i 
Tags brachten SS-Leuli? 40Q Gefaogerir EU dieser Arbe LtssteLle. 
dufUncer Jugoelawun, GriMhen, PrPTUOSen Und Belgiar, tnjeben tie 
In fineil Gmben, und bc^Einnen slc lebendig zu begfibi-n Die dtm 
Todc Vcrfallenen schrieen. in versthiedernJn Spmchan um Hllfe, Die 
SS-Lfute, die dabeL standen, sagten zu uni; ..Schaut her mid arbeitet 
trf&cr a La bjfihpr, aOnri jjeSchiEhl riasCjeiche mil Euiih." 2 we: Wochen 
jpactpr warden wir vurlugL, um das' Griaende fuer ein Grbaeude In 
tinem der AuKChv-'itllage r vprrubereiteu S5~Mufin LOSSMANN und 
andcra SS Leiltc auehten 30 Minn von uns Jtuii, Irtetwn me in * Inert 
Gftlbon und bee rub™ ai* hn | iim Hab in rlnr Erdp . Dinn Stlegen 
SS-Leule auf PJerde, beg^nncri mfber dug C-Pliiendc lu yalLoppi-crtMl 
urnj loetetpji al]e 30 Mann." Pit? ncilEc'in'Su proof e van ^^Ji.^lU - 
wuj'rien. gum Grab? von vie] En Taimjiidtzn _vgn M-^nsd-fM i verscHTie- 
ucn.-Jtnr jTalionali'Laeten. Ueber 30(J Ktflflnniiii vbn SO bJs'l.^O Mann 
irtark arbeiteiyn dun. Infnlge de-r unmtnsciilJdien ArbeEtihedLn^iun.- 
ficn das gansi.' Jilhr bindunch, MoLge der SchlBt:gc r di:r Murde und 
def GPWfltLtiiiftifkeiten- Ltbte ntchi einer van denen die dort ar-bel- 
l^kn. Jatnger ftis iwei"0dk!r drt<] Manafe. Sie WUrdeCl ]in den 
^yji^yj hLngemurd'tt udi:r, wtnn an- knmk burden, durch 
PhtnnltLniprEEzyngen liib Herat oddr in den GaEkammem gctwtet. 

JAKO& KOENIG. uLn SpelinJingen-ltUi' fuer Lfrbarm*chting r dt'l' 
ah gewaetmheher Erdarbeltsr in den Sufmptcn arbeUete^ sagte aus; 
l*-'h tfehoertB; ikl clner fcoionne von 40a M^n, die an dcr Urbar- 
niathung von SumptLuid HrbBLTcten. Die AuIaEiher, db? SLCh »ni 
dcuisdien Vrrbrrchen rekrutkrlun, scbJugeri dit Menjchen mil ihren 
Knm>pp E bn und Spaten, bewustllHi. In unserer Kalunne waren 
Manner und Frauen iilw AHersstufen, damnter Akademiktr, 
Aerate, Lehrer, t*ri>IrsiiOncn. Jugoa IftH'icn allein war durch 11 tnjie- 
"^fure vertreten, die; dort nidlti nis (fewoetinliche ErdHrb?iter waren. 

ELn chemaliger Gefungpn^r, SIMON tf£(SELIEA BEGAIN gab 
•*' ,.^wi unwfrei Kotannt warden taeglich dit Leiehun von I0U bn 



IMT XXXIX 133 



'Hi 
Ttifl waiei end mud I he French prdsecutni is releirinq lo are at Auschwitz 



This work Was carried Out as the witnesses have told Lo, tn 

water, in the mud , in undi:rU"rouriJ factories — Sti Dora for instance — 
and Ln the qUarrJeflln Mauthausen- La addition to" the work, which 
was exhaust me in itself, the deportees were subject to ill-treatment 
by the 55 and the KapoS, such u blows nr being bitten by dog&. 

Gur Document Number F-m, Exhibit Number RF-3QL FagtH 74 
and 75, brings official testimony to this effect. Is ll nEce-ssary to 
read to Ihe Tribunal from thLs document, which is an official 
document to which wt constantly refer and which has been trans^ 
la ted into German and Into English? 

THE PRESIDENT; I da not think you need read It 

K BUBOST: Thank ynu, Ms- President, This same document, 
Page 77 and Page 7fl, informs us that All the prisoners wm forced 
to do the Work assigned to them. even, under the worst condition^ 
of health and hygiene There was nn quarantine far them tvtn in 
ca$e ol contagious diseases or during epidemics 

The French Document Number F-393, Exhibii Number HF-SSIl, 
which we have already submitted, which is the lestimanv of Dr. 
Steinberg, confirms thai af Mmc. VflllJant-Co u l u. ri L-r, ll 1 9 ihe 
twelfth document of your ft rat dorument book. We shptl read at 
Page 4: 

"We received hall a liter nf herb lea: thla was whin we 

were awakened. A supervisor who was at the door, hastened 

nur washing by giving us blows with n cudgel The lock of 

hygiene led to an epidemic of typhus. . 

At the end of the third paragraph you will find the condition-* 
under which the prisoners were taken to the factories; in. the flfih 
paragraph a description of chocs 

"We had been provided with wooden shoes which En a few 

days caused wOunda. These wnunda produced boils which 

brought death to many." 

I shall now read Document R-1I2E, FagoE 22, 23. and 24 in the 
iccorid document hook, and which we submit under the Number.. - 

THE PRESIDENT: One moment, the Tribunal will adjourn now 
for fiftDeo minutes, 

M Teceai ivax taken-! 



THE PRESIDENT: M. Dufcjgst, tbe Tribunal has beern consider mg 
lh& question of the evfdsmce which you have pretitn(ed on lh<* 
cgncenmLLon camps; flrtd thry are of opinsort that you have pmv&d 
the eas# lor the percent, subject, of course tp any evidence ivhkh 
may be produced on behalf o! the defendant* and, vt course aubject 
eIeo Id ynur right, under Article 24-r nl the Charter to brin£ in 
rebutting tvidtnee, should the Tribunal think It right to admit 



TMT VI 336 



MADE IN RUSSIA - THE HOLOCO$T 

Return to MADE IN RUSSIA THE HOLOCO$T PART ONE 
Return to CONTENTS PAGE 



The Website of Carlos Whitlock Porter 



-37. 
KILL PEOPLE WITH POISONED SOFT DRINKS 



I ocmr th* nex! three paragraphs and ratinnur 1 rrn tf^etJtlten 
"In Fort Number ptioplb; of dilTenrnt naUonalliirfi w^re ahot 
Ru.^siana, Ukrainians^ BiclorutllnnsV Lithuanians^ Poles. *nd 
Jews. The foLiowLTig people were shot in thli fart: a depuly 
Li the Supltmc Soveet CaLincli of the U.S.S R> By&lhlmkirW: r 
a deputy to the Supreme Sflviei Council of the Lithuanian 
S.SR:, £biberU3. and Otliem. Bes[d« Soviet CrUicns thu 
Hitlers tea exterminated trench. Auilriwi, and Czechoslovak 
citizens Lfk Fort Number 9. 

"A former superviflor of Tort Number G. the witness Naudju- 
nas, teamed. 

" 'The first group of foreigner^ numbering -l.OOfl. arrive J at 
the tort In December 19U. 1 lalkod to one a f the warn^n. 
v-ha -«1d that thsy were being transported Id RuBSia, olIegRrily 
for work. On 10 December 1841 the determine tran of 
foreigners began. They V^ere- ordered to leaVe the furl in 
groups of 1*19 people, aUegcdly tor ! not ulatiortS. Those wlvi 
left for inneulfltions did not return. Ail 4,H0 foreipr^rs were 
anr>t. On 15 December 1 9*1 another group arrived, numbering 
approximately ^IMG" person^ which was ais» exterminated' 1 

I omit the n*it paragraph on this page, and nearly lb* wholt 
of the following page, *nd quote only the EQacluilve data. 

"The Investigation Commission ascertained that the Hitlerites 
had exterminated in Fort Number 9 over "J0.0D0 peaceM 
lnhabi tarts. J 

In numerous eases the German fascist* used method* full ul 
cruel cunning for ihe mass extermination of peatEfut Soviet cikten* 
In urdcr to prove this sfatgmant, I refer to the? report of the Extra - 
ordinary State Commiulun Kg irie S,lavfotK>l regio n, which run 
already been submitted to the Tribunal aa Exhibit Number LTSSEt-l 
(Document Number U5SR-L) The Tribunal will find this excerpt on 
Page 26B of the- Document Book; I quote one paragrx pb— the second 
paragraph, of the ttxl: 

"It hi established that before retreating from Ihe city of 
GcO£gl?V!tk, on 9 and 10 January of this year, by order ol the 
dikef physician nf the German haspitab in Ihe city, Baron 
Von Helman, the- German soldiers said alcohol and soda waU; f 
at the ci ly market, which proved to he methylated sp i rj I ami 
oxalic ac!d, The result consisted in mass poisoning of the in- 
habitants c-f this town," 

Among the crimes perpetrated by the German fascists an Soviet 
territory t must mention Especially the treatment to which ih&y 



subjected the inhabitants trf Leningrad. I ha^e already mermanm 
this in speaking of the Leningrad children yesterday. 



IKT VII *W 



. SHOOT U5.00C PEOPIE IN SMOLENSK AND BURY THEM KATYN-5TYLE 



II Tth, u 

Lc Court Was in no way an exception, and In canfi emit ten of 
this I shj.ll now refer briefly to the verdict q t this trial held in the 
tqwn of Smulenals by the district military tri&unal agiUiisi a uroup 
o( former members of the German Army who were brought to 
justice far committing atrocities against peaceful citizens and 7iris- 
onets at war m thp Town of Smolensk. This document w*s sub- 
mitted tu the Tribunal by my ciillcaiJUtJ, ColoneS PokfQViky, d:, 
Exhibit Numbur US5H-B7 (Document Number USSH-S7). nnd joined 
to the recard of the- present Trial The Tribunal will find thjs 
document on Page 71 of the th) L-Um.cn t book: 

I L-mit all the gtnerul part of the verdict, nnd beg to be allowed 
to draw the intention o£ the- TrihiinjL to that part oE the verdict 
which La in the nm:h paragraph on Page 71 of the dncument book, 
yrhich says that in $<j graygg nione, which Wera open ad up and 
enamkied uy leg.lU medical eKpsrli in the tQiVn nf :iri:i.::-:n;,k arif : 
in Ik-: di^rul ,>r SirnjA-mk. uv-^r lJj,Q f ytl c 3 roses of 5""- 1 :':: cllizc-iu — 
women, children, and mem of VAfiOUS^glcT^we^discovvrLXl. 

1 iksp the second page of the verdict and cot™ to that part of 
the document ivhluh gl/rt a description of the criminal deeds of 
individual defendants brought to trial under these charges. 1 shall 
Jiot quote Unta regarding all ID defendants, but only 2 or 3 of them. 

The Tribunal will find thi* part en Page 73 of the document beak. 
Tins is the si^th paragraph at the te*l- 1 quote" 

■'ULrschfeld mas Inturp rater for the German MTLirary Com- 
mand In the District Kommgndantur of Smolensk- He per- 
HOnaHy he&L and se^ited for treason perfectly innocent Soviet 
citizens, with*] ut consideration lor aex and age H and forced 
them to niafce falit statements. On receiving these ffllse. italc- 
moots forced Iram them by beatlne,*, the arrested persons 
were shot by the Kammandantur t roups, Hirschfclrf partic- 
ipated personally in :hb annihilation of Soviet citizens In 
Smolensk in May 1943, by means of asphyxiation through 
carbon monoxide in gaa vans, In January and February 1343, 



_._\_AU Lr. 



nc partiti paita m fiuum'.T cxpwjuiofii against, gucmiias ana 
against peaceful Soviet dtUens In the disErset d! Newel- 
Uswjatt. While Iil- was commanding the German punitive 
unit, he committed, together with bia soldiery, acts gf vJuEence. 
againat the peaceful population," 

THE PRECEDENT: CoTonel SmLmnv, In the Tribunal's trans- 
lation Into Evngltsh, TVe have misjin^ paU'JS from 3-1 up to 45 , Do 
y t»u_ Lb l rift that [has? pages cauld be fmmd T On our pa;;-- ■ — HlNnk 
your pagination i :> ' d i ETefCni: — but the document that ynu atr now 
feferrinB to. USSA-B7 tu^n-; an Pj> 5 p P. -I nf r.,, u - trnnsiatipn, mid 
Itu- IrJirulaliun then skip.! tu Ragi- 4^j. 



IHT VII 455 



SHOOT 20D,0D0 PEOPLE IN THE LISENITZ FOREST 



i r** m 



and defecations, two symptom* which formerly had been 
poticed. were no longer uhaerved. 

'Today I will proceed to Group B h whence 1 shall Send a 
further report 

"Dr. Becker , Untir^turmfflhrer." 

The names have already been mentioned here of the cam pi of 
tf ajdanck and Auschwitz with their gasHJhamti n n, in whteh over 
13QPQQ0 cpmpIeltEv innocent pcoplv, ciiijcns of PolaliJ. ~ Czech o- 
iEovakia. U5.S R, VS. A. Great Britain, France, and Other demo- 
cratic countries were killed. I must menu the concentratum tarn pa 
pf Smolensk, Stavropo], Kharkov, K:cv, Lvov, Polt ava. Novgorod, 
l el. Itorn j , una L'prope t r :wsK "uflaaaa, KamenEti-F'.T.Joli j^ G^mS . 
Kerch, ot the Stalingrad region Of Kamiag. Riga. Mariampr rl 
( Lithuanian! of Kl^a (EStCifiiitn) and many OtriL'r al [ji which 
hundreds, cl th-.'-'-ij-rir^Ls uf E":"'7.<- J . .■u ) ^.ijij_, ijL^DngJnc fc~ bi° civilian 
p?;>i.i:atj-.:-n. 5 well a? soldiery and orfiCi-rs cif the Red Army, were 
tortured t» death by me Hi tluri tc J . " ' ' 

The Germans also carried out masa ihootings of So V lei riliams 
In, the LisemU forest, which Lfi On the outskirts of L,vov La the 
Jifoctlon of TornopnL It was to this forest that the Germans daily 
drove, or brought in mnlor vehiclea. large parties of Soviet prisoner* 
oi war IrOm she Citadel camp, Internees from the Yanov camp and 
Tram the Lvov prison, as well as peaceful Soviet eltiwiu who had 
been seiisd on the squares and streets of Lvov in the course of 
numerous roundups, Invest Egaticina made by the Extraordinary 
Sr.ttu C ommission of the Soviet Union c* jbUshpiJ tin- f.sri *v^i hki 



CuHTians ihQt Over 24."J.H fjO nc-imie m ihe l-i^-mi- fnri.-it ~" m " 

These ma& murders, this regime of tyranny and terror. were 
fully approved by the Defendant Rosenberg who declared (n his 
speech at the mceHng of the German Labor Front in November 1S42: 
"Apparency, if we are to subjugate alt these peoples* — that 
K peoples inhabiting the territory of the U.S.5.R— "then 
arbitrary rule and tyranny will be an extremely suitable form. 
&t government," 

Later, when the Red Army began lo clear out the German^ 

u-sdst hordes from ihe SuvieE Union territory they had temporarily 
utcupted end when the %>?aet authorities 'begari ta discover the 
aboitunabTe crimes perpetrat-xl by Eg r?i luzlat mongers and to fine! 
^rnerous graves of Soviet dtixeri*, ittldlerJ. anj officers tortured* '& > 
ti i\q:h by U-iL- f.i7cisT,j. ihe Cpnrurt CTi ■ nun 3 nd took urgent m castirH 
to Ci>ntDj] a ni j deslrvv all ggjg g their primes" tor ihu purpoS : 
^ c_ German Command iX gam zed Everywhere gxhuroM-iflns of 
c<ifp^ a f r am thdr gravtj Jri j thgjj- fremftbtin . A ipefial order oT 
in OberriurmrOhter, daLPvl ■ Rovno, 3 August I943-[[JA1 No . a*/4Jc, fc 



1MT VII 173 



-HHI- 
USING THE SAME METHODS OF CONCEALMENT THEY USED AT KATYN 



■ tth« 

"At a distance of 450 meters from the fnrmer ham'et of 

Pstrashkevidii eight ditch graves have been discovered. Their 
siiE 1b 2 1 rnerera long. 4 meters wide> and 5 meter* deep. 

B*ior-g every dltrh grave Lhcre an? enormous pile* of aabejL 

remainder j of the burned corpseo.* 

I omit the nest page- and In proof of thin same circumstance* 1 
■m new referring, to the rteort of the EiTra ordinary Scale Com *. 
mission concerning the crimen of the German fajr^t invad^ra inTn*^ 
Lv0v region Tills document has. a] fend V been S uhm.i L'.ed to th-." 
Tribunal aT Document Number U&5fl-£. I quote a wry abort 
evcerpt from this document The part which I Will quote will be 
found by the members ol the Tribunal on Page 164, on the reverse 
*ide P Second column of the tent, Paragraph 5: 

"Upon the order of Retch Mlniitcr Hlmmler and of Major 
'General of PaLice Kstzmann, jpeclal measure! for exhuming 

and burning the corpses nf murdered,, peaceful cltiicna, Soviet 

prisoners Df war t and calitcns of foreign countries Were 

carhfld OUt In June 11)43. In Lvov the Gsrmans created a 



spuciiij Sanderkommanda Number 1005 cgmpe>K'i.i o! Vl£ men 

The dtief of thw Kemmando wat Hauptitiirm^jinnlirhi'er 

Stfierlnfc; his assistant, Haupt*hjrrnbnnnfLlhrer RaUeh. The 

duly of this Sonde rkomniaodo wutd exhume and burn thu 

corptM of Ihp civilians and priaonur* of war who had bHn 

Liquidated by the Germans, " 

I dwell on Ihli eJttrtct, and I would beg the Tribunal ,!□ remember 

thJj ( number, u Sonderkommando Number 1005." This Kummandu 

waa ih£ prototype of similar Sonde rkommandcis. created by the Ger- 

mans Later, the Sonderlrornmandofl created; for this task received 

the numbers ot 10Ha-A. 1005-B, ef cetera, 

I terminate the quotation with the conclusion af the medical- 
leva! experts. I quote the last paragraph on Page 3-10 of the tent 
'hi-.:.; lh* Hitlerite murderers adop^tj (tt :..■■ {.-[r:\uy ._,[ . *hi 
1 v"^"^"-v;f" ~nTr~^jTi>- iii_~_:'>>i_ [■■: _ i V-?Tf7-]il7ir: r 'i i ;-:■;: "TTiTTT 
tt 'hl'h I hey emp loyf.1 ffnf^Tl^T^nfiT^lia^^dtT^r^lTVJ^er 
OE Fulisri offlc.-rs in the Kal^i "Friresil 

The expert corntiussscin ascertained lull sirnilirity or mcr.hi<] 
In ca mtiunafli riff Uti- gfa v.^ in LiJisefulxach Forest With \\igv 
UBL-d 10 camauluige'th-; gr.tv.-;; Til -in: Polish ofneert: killtil Tj y 
the Germ arm at Kniyn 

"Trt en tend the ejcpcrlmtnla In. exterminating people, cre- 
mating corpses, and camouflaging the crimes, the Gumum* sut 
lip ill Lvov, in the Vanov Camp, a special school for tht 
preparation of 'q us 1 1 fl ed c a dri- Th u com man dants nf thL- canipi 
of Lublin, Wiinnw, Krakow, and other cities attfi",dnd this 
JChool. The dlJef Of the 3L>ndtrkommantIo Number 1005. 



IMT VII ajj 



MADE IN RUSSIA - THE HOLOCO$T 

Continue with MADE IN RUSSIA THE HOLOCO$T PART TWO 
Return to MADE IN RUSSIA THE HOLOCO$T PART ONE 
Return to CONTENTS PAGE 



The Website of Carlos Whitlock 

Porter 

MADE IN RUSSIA THE HOLOCAU$T 

Part II 

As a "proven fact" protected by special laws not applicable to other "proven facts", the 
Holoco$t must be considered as something of an endangered species 

All one needs to endanger the species a bit further or perhaps even drive it into 

extinction is to get the Nuremberg Trial transcript and read some of it. 

If Germans gassed millions of Jews, did they also 

1. Shoot the Polish officers at Katyn — (this document describes how "confessions" are 
obtained in Communist show trials, but says that the Germans did it) — (Here we have the 
cynical Nazis chuckling about howthey will exterminate the Poles at Katyn) — (The 
Americans had an English translation of this at trials, so why did they translate it into 
German for the documetn volumes?) — Frame the Russians for Katyn — Torture 
"witnesses" into signing statements written by Gestapo interrogators and "interpreters" to 
frame the Russians for Katyn — Torture "witnesses" into testifying falsely before 
international delegations to frame the Russians for Katyn — Torture "witnessess" into 
signing "statements" written in foreign languages to frame the Russians for Katyn — 
Torture "witnesses" into signing "statements" they were not allowed to read — Torture 
"witnesses" into raising their right arm and swearing falsely under oath to frame the 
Russians for Katyn — Dig up the bodies at Katyn and put false documents in their pockets 
to make it look like the Russians did it, then bury them again — (Here are the 500 Russian 
labourers rummaging through the pockets of 1 1 ,000 corpses) — Transport thousands of 
bodies from mass graves all over Poland and bury them at Katyn to frame the Russians 
for Katyn — Here we have stinking bodies fallling out of the trucks and flopping all over 
the road on the way to Katyn. .. Now comes 13 pages of "forensic evidence" "quoted" in 
the "report" written by the prosecutor: the only forensic evidence at trial 

2. Boil the fat from 40 male and female human bodies for 3 - 7 days to get 25 kilos of soap 
— (every one of the documents and exhibits mentioned has disappeared) — with one 
exception, every one of the "human soap" documents has disappeared... the "confession" 
of "human soap maker" Sigmund Mazur (spelled 3 different ways) has disappeared... the 
human soap samples have disappeared; the tanned human skin sampes have 



disappeared. .. The "human soap recipe" does not contain the word "human" ... that has 
been added by the translator"... With a turn of a page 86 documents having "probative 
value", including 3 "human soap" documents, have disappeared, yet the charges were 
upheld. .. 

3. Reading the indictment, one is struck by the dramatic nature of Soviet atrocity charges... 
All these charges were to be "proven true" after a lengthy "trial" involving "evidence"... 
and yet the only "evidence" involved turns out to be "reports" which the Russians have 
written themselves. The "proof" of the five-pointed star cut or burnt into people's bodies 
turns out to be just another Soviet "report" which has disappeared. .. The "proof of the 
mass-shootings at Baba-Yar turns out to be just another Soviet "report" which has 
disappeared. .. Don't bother trying to find these documents in the document volumes 
because they are just not there. . Every document not marked with an asterisk has simply 
disappeared. The impossibly ridiculous "gas vans" were mentioned for the first time in a 
Soviet document which has disappeared. .. This Soviet "report" is our principal source of 
"information" on Auschwitz and has been widely plagiarized. .. Everthing happens first in 
Russia. 

4. While hundreds of documents deemed to have "probative value" have disappeared. ... 
hundreds of photos which prove nothing are there to be examined by anone — 
(Correction: theportable-oven-portable-bone-grinder-portable-brain-bashing 
machines-human-soap confessions are available from the National Archives. We will 
obtain there documents and publish them.) (Correction again: we will obtain photocopies 
of negative photostats of "true copies".) — Note that half the sign is in English and says, 
"Protect yourselves from Jewish atrocity propaganda". — More "evidence" that proves 
nothing... cartoons from "Per Sturmer" — "Don't Trust a Fox Whatever You Do, Nor Yet 
the Oath of Any Jew" — A "baptized Jew" eating "baptized meat" on Friday — A Jewish 
butcher — "Jews not Wanted"... Jews are Our Misfortune" ... The Jewish lecher... The 
Jewish doctor. 

5. This is from the Judgement. Note the references to "statements" made by Grabe and Hoss 
— The documents are never photographically reproduced so that we can see what they 
look like... instead they are transcribed with microscopic German abbreviations such as 
"BeglVm" which means "certificate of authenticity" or "BeglPhot" which means 
"certified photocopy". Do you suppose they have anything to hide? — Since when is a 
document like this proof of anything under U.S. law? — Under U.S. law, none of these 
"affidavits", "reports", and "confessions" would even be admissible. — No one can be 
convicted of murder under U.S. law on the basis of an "affidavit" such as this one.- The 
Nuremberg Trial was a return to the Inquisitional procedures of the Middle Ages. 

6. None of these people ever appeared in court, yet Grabe has been "quoted" for 50 years as 
a Hoaxoco$t "witness". — Grabe was supposedly working for the US Army, but nobody 
ever brought him to court - only his "affidavit". — The "confession" of Rudolf Hoss was 



written entirely in English and partially hand- written by a US Army officer — without any 
interpreter, stenographer, lawyer, or witness. — This is a toxicological impossibility. Note 
the reference to 10 "gas chambers" at Treblinka. — 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica, 
"Prussic Acid" (Also, "WOLZEK" never existed). — Note the statement "I understand 
English as it is written above" ... whose handwriting is this? — Note that the English is 
letter-perfect but the US Army officer has mis-spelled his own name (italics indicate 
signatures) — Direct examination of Wisliceny showing correct spelling of Brookhart's 
name. Did Hoss really sign his name the American way_ If Brookhart spoke German, 
why is the Hoss confession in English? Why are the names mis-spelled? — THERE IS 
NO PROOF OF ANY HOAXOCO$T. Instead of proof, what we get is a mixture of the 
following techniques: — 

7. The "Poison Mushroom" — another series of Streicher cartoons. — "He has just been 
baptized and isn't a Jew anymore" — Jewish nose studies in the classroom — "Who Fights 
the Jews, Contends With the Devil" — What these cartoons are supposed to prove — is 
that Streicher "influenced" the German people into "gassing" Six Million Jews. — 
Streicher spent 1 1 months on trial at Nuremberg and was permitted to testify quite freely 
— an excerpt from Streicher's testimony — while Rudolf Hoss was hustled in and out of 
court in half of one morning session and disappeared forever. Hoss was nver tried in any 
non-Communist country. Hoss was a "defence witness" called by Kaltenbrunner's 
court- appointed "defence lawyer". 

8. Fifteen days earlier Hoss had no knowledge of English whatsoever... — Here he signed an 
affidavit which had to be translated into German for him... (note the correct German 
spelling of Hoss's name) — which seems to have been done only if the deponent didn't 
understand English. — In many cases there is no real proof that these men even knew 
what they were signing. —Another example of the endless linguistic permutations typical 
of all Nuremberg "evidence" ... — In this case a Frenchman makes a handwritten statement 
in English making German-style mistakes, then translates it for the co-signer, another 
Frenchman. — Since they were both French and both signed, why didn't they write it in 
French? 

MADE IN RUSSIA - THE HOLOCO$T 



The Website of Carlos Whitlock Porter 



- H I L - 
. . SHOOT THE POIISH OFFICERS AT KATYN . . 



territory In which the cimp wai jn-cated, all Snvjet prisoners at war 
were exposed lo a regime of hunger with, the Mine sustained ■■**»* 
systematic cruelty . 

While I am thus reporting cm the Hltlerlan atttKirJesperpehraLed 
nn the prisoners, I find that we now have nt Cur disposal several 
court verdicts pronounced on the fascist crimin.ils who committed 
theSr crimes In the- temporarily' ocr/upled territories. In accordance 1 
with Article 21 of the Charter,. I submit to the Tribunal as Exhibit 
Number USSR-fl? (Document Number U5SJR-37J the verdict of a 
district military tribunal. You will find the entire verdict on 
Page 21J up to Page 2!I1 It was pronounced in Smolensk, on 
19 Decurnbirt 1915 The Tribunal inflated pencil ie = varying from 
1- year* hard labor to death by "hanging on 10 Hitlerite^ directly 
Guilty of 'he numerous crime* committed in the city and region of 
Smolensk 

I shall nnt quote- the documen I , but shall merely mentlun !hat 
on Pages 4, 5, and 6 of the verdict. In passages marked In your 
copies — !tletfe pagK, that U, 4, 5, and G of the verdict, are ".o be 
found in your doc'j men t book on Pages 210. 21$. and 2ll—inl(ir- 
fnati'jn l£ contamed hew, as a result c-f pSa-udo-scien^iHc experiments 
on prisoners of war by per nun* who. to the undying shame of 
German medicine, were known in Germany a= professors and 
d Dolors, tn Mured and murdered the prisoners by blixnn poisoning. 
The- sentence present* further evidence- that, as a result at nava^e 
ill-treatment by the German escort conveying Soviet prisoners of 
war, poms 10,000 exhausted, half-dead captives perished between 
Vynima and Smolensk 

h is precisely this passage, this information, wh'udi you, WiU find 
In Subparagraph 3 of the verdict It appear? on Page 216 of your 
document boik. The verdict reflects the systematic mass shooting 
of prisoner* of War in Camp 126, In the city of Smolensk — "in 
Transit Camp US South" — during the transfer of the prisoners to 
ItiL: camp and to the hnspital The verdict particularly emphasize* 
the fact that prisoners of war h too exhausted to Wiirk, were aha I. 

I should now hke to turn to the brutalities committed by the 
Hitlerites towards members of the Czech psiovakian, Polish, and 
YugMiavian Armies. We find, in the Indictment, that One of the 
most imporiant_erimJinjl acta for ^hich the major "war cm-i^Lil :, 
are responsible waa the masa ex'giiuli&ri'of Palish prTYrineTs of war , 
ihat an the Katyn Forest near Smolensk by the German fascist 
Invader^ 

I submit to the Tribunal as a proof of this crime, official docu- 
ment* of the special commission lor the establishment and the 



■ ■■* ¥ l-~* L J £. UL 1. J. I_T L J l_l± IIL1 L.J.L 4_ bilJ L.l Lil LJ1.CJ' VI LI LI—LI ■.klLIIULU W Ll_ ■_ ^1_"« ■* "i I ""■ •— ■■ 

The commission acted In accordance with a d-i-rectlvg of the Extra. ' 

vtdin;iry Slatff Commission uf the Soviet Union , In addition to 

IHT VII « 5 



Wil- 



li r*ib a 

members of the Extraordinary Stat* Commission — namely Acade- 
mician*. Burdenko. Alvxriit Tulstoy, Hud the Metropolitan NtcaiiW 

this eommiiSiDn va* cosn&o&ed of the President of the Pon-Sia van in 
Committee, Lieutenant Generat Gund&rOv; tht chnjrmnn of tru- 
Executive Committee of the Union of the Red Cross anil R*:d 
Crescent, KflJesnilwv; of the People's Commissar for Education, In 
the R.5.S.F.R., Academician PotemMn; the Supreme Chief at th,- 
Medical Deportment of the Red Army. General SmLrnov; and tliu 
Chairman of the District Exec ut iv« Comma llee of Smolensk., Melm!*;^ 
The eommissitm also included several nf the bert known .merilLCi- 
legal expert 

It would takg too^ Imp ta read Inio the record that precise ;\<\i i 
detailed documenT vj hTih T n'o^^&m"'. j "', ■■ " V tM_ aa Exh.b I : Numb. -r 
USSR 5[ (Du^uninnt Nuir.bp; t JSij R •■ 54), whicfiiia nfJ^jTl uflhr 
invert 1 gj t i on, I ahali read into the record only a lew ccimpjrahvelY 
rhort excerpts On Page- 2 of the document, whidi La Fajje 22i. Ij.l 
yqur document boqk. we read — this passage la marked an your Eik 

" According to the cfrimatfs ofm-rUf^'A^i t-spcru-, the Mtrj l 
number of bodies a mourns in'twar" i'l'jflfln. The medko^fflj l 
■ eaperta f.'irriod out a HiuitnigTi DJtamTiiiTTun" OI the "oj-jIloS 
ejthu.rn.ed., and of thf- div-"-! m p n. b: tnui may:".! I ay i rj^n 1: c fi>':n-i 
an the bod Lea and in tba .g ravm. During the cxhViiinialinn, and 
eiamiriGiirpp of rhu' corpus, the commissi on questioned mjn\ 
u:j:jigjset>p inranj tHe" local Inhabitants. Their test Lin i if v- - 
permitted the qetermniatii^ri of in? <-3cqrt t]mp ann cirnim - 
jUilni:'.-] r^T tin - ltjucs commit Led jjy the German invaders " 

1 believe that 1 need not quote everything that theEKtrtmrdirwry 
CoTrcmissiDn ascertained d urine; it* invpatlnatian about ire 1 crime's 
Of the Germans. J on'y read into the record the general concluainrLi. 
which summarise ih* work of the commission. You .will find tin. 
lines read intra the record on Page 43 of Exhibit Number USSli-.H 
If yoj turn to the original document, or on Page 194 of you* 
document book: 

"General conclusions! 

" Ofl perusal of all the malerial ai Uie disposal ot the specia l 
.._"7a_.:._ rrrt^ 1 nn 7~^FZim^Z_i 



i:r»riLrii^Ejjon, tnac is, me aupcKiii J »cii ui nvtr iuv wu»ir-^>*= 



pQSTl 



q uejl t'.iriect. thu data of ttii* med ltd- Legal experts, the docu- 
ments and the material evidence and belongings takun from 
the groves in Kutyn Forest, we can uTTive at. The t o Llowmp; 
definite cciidusJonj: 

"1. The PollJtJi prisoners of war imprisoned Ln Lhft lhrv«" 
cam pa west of Smrjltnak and engaged in railway construct ion 
before the war, remained there after the occupation af 
Smolensk by Lhe Germans, righl up to September 1041. 



1MT VII **S 



■10.1- 



l« r,*h 4i 



"2 Tn. the am-jmn of 13-U, iri iKatyn Forest, tin? German 
orcupjtircn.il ■iiJinr.rir'.f-s r.irrjfri iiut maa abaotipga of the 
P.'i'-Ih praam' rs aP war from |"ti & ab'riVL-nu'n turned "annT. 
"3, Mjj& ah Ju tings of Ppltih prisoners oE wj: in -K-dtyn 
Fnr-:'~ jj\'f?rt,- r.irn'.'d uut bj GErman military ■"■r ; ^:iiL| r :.;il [• -i ..; 
dLMj-jued unrfej tht - spTdfie name, 'Staff 537. Engmiier 
Curvitnictjnn Battalion,' commanded by Oberleu truant Arnea 
and his colleagues, ObiTleutnant Rex and L^utnant Hott, 
"4- In fdnnMtlon with the deterioration, for Germany, \}S the 
general mi 3 it j ry and. pctjtjral machjjiery at Lhe beginning of 
ItM.I, the German ncc upahnn.il authorities, w|1h a View to 
pro v ok j nj* Incidents, iindieiiGok a whnLe aeries ef nu T a',Lir4:j id 
^5-7",l>: tr^-Mr 'VviTi mlSEJl-cds ta Qfflar.izjtinris af thp Soviet 
aL.thonlies, til ursJe; tu Jlluiku m^ebmf buUvecit Dm Rusalgni 
and the Poles . 
"5. For these purposes: 

"a The Gcrm-ln fascist LnvadEra. hy n^ryja.vLon, attc-mpta a I 
bribery, threats, Jiiij by barbairyu:, !.r-:tii n's. £n .•leavoriri] \Q find 
' w . t r :•;<. j, s z ' jt mtm £ tl^u S'>vii-t u i j j zi j ti ;; fro-m u j l orn thVy 'jblaintiil 
falsi tiy^imoity. u.it^njj thai the Polish prisoners ^ J war had 
biiun hhol bj pruariLjJiE^Tit! of Ike Soviet authorities in the 
■spring of 1940 , 

"a. Tire G^rrr-iri riC-'ijp.T.;c>n.Jt authorities;, m ■ thg sprin g D J 
l&43,b Height from other placid the jjodiBJ ai F'jLiih pn^oners 
j.-f ■■■■ ir ..■!.■:: . t, , • ..'-r \ \fA l.'.T.T' rn'm In 7 r h- lu.-:^: 



up ErilVJfl ot Kalyn Forest with ths* ffijLtl (iiir - jrvffe OI tiivtnnii 

U^ triF uac es 0l their awn alrocLlifts and at mcreasin? the 
™^ — 1 111 ^^^^^^^^^^^^^ 



iTLiJjLUfj-^ m vu iriji'a vi QinMirvuL airariLisi; m im tyn r 01*51- 
"c. While preparing tbtlf ErOVPcatiVE measures, the "German 
occupational auihnntie.i grriplayeii up lo 5QQ fru.-^ian pr i->o nu'ra 
of Win" for the T.'kiJi ol disSi n st up thp g rn v?5 m Katyn 
Far?5t Oner '-ftr- gn.i r i?ft had ftwrt dug. ihD tt_iijsian jtr-fc-jnera 
of War W6fe ahot by 1he Cgrrrmnj S QlvU.T ici oV-siTuy thus 
3ll fi|-i.-f .ir,:! niiii.riJLL evidence un the- mjHrtur 

"B. Th? d-iiL 1 u: Lhe le^al an J medical BJtaminaticn determined, 

without any shadow of doubt: 

"i, ThnF. the lime of shooting whs autumn 1B41. 

*%, Tha appUjjntL'Jiljy thp German ■■■ne^utloneff, when ah-POtili g 

PpSi^I-. prLv.-jri^rjL a]_yri\ r. at the identical mfithad — a ptrtal shot 

Ift Lhe- nape QflTi-r- rK'/Jk— ;<!j UJi-d by thEm in lh.g masSmurdera 
of, the Soviet c;t.£en.L iri" ntfipr towns, ^jx-ctally in Orel . 
Yofftnctz. Krasnodar and in. Sim> Ifiusk itself." 

^ 1— ^ — il i if 

THE PRESrt>E.NT- The Tribunal will on* recess. 
fThr Tribunal ™c««d until IfOO ftoitnj 

IMT VII *i7 



-IU4 

(This ilncunisnt ilestrrtms how "conlossrans " aie ohtninail in Communist show uiatsjiut 

say* itinr ihu German; riud il.j 



Ut f BUT 

"Die Yugoslav dclL^aU- In Iht- Unit- 
ed Niftons War Cridici CommJHJDn 
DR RA1>0M1R ZIVKOVIC 
Lectin i.-: fir I,lnivrr?j[y 

l> MILTVOJ HUDJIO. Lawyer by prof cmsl tin, hereby Certify thai 
1 am fully crowpTicint wHh thi? Serbo-Croat and English languages; 
■nd Hist thp above it a true translation of thv, Scrbo-Crosi ordinal 

of thin Report. 

MILIVOJ &UPJJC 



DOCUMENT OrM-USSfl 

KKPOirr BV A SPECTA1- SOVIET rOMMlfrflfPN. 2^ JAT<'--ABY l^4._ 
CONCERNING Til]' KHCJC-TiNr; OF 1'OLiSU OVriLTH Fni3P:-jERg 
OF WAR IN THE FOREST <"' KATYN. TilFl KXEj. UTI L-Mh HAD BEEN 

CAnuifc.1' Pl'T im attx'M N i pi i f. i ■!!■>--: 3LMAN ■■■^Tsn._at THE 
CL>?J g -TTnu:TUJN fcATiAunr-i ar.-. in spuing ihj the GEirMANa 
fly yi.A^KWAaiTNt. wi-iNf^-rs L.N--0 CTVINtf F.M.SE ^VlLiLgT^ 
AKD HY CiTtri.U MEANS. riAl? "J HIED TO WlAKF n A PPEAR THAT 
THE 5QV1KJ- NKWf V/^P K^PONtUI-.t-K FOP- THE SHO^TLSC OF 

THi- n.uiiii virxijftS 



uc^oinrjBuivCt 

Urn.diiirr ill Fftl^l SpfP-Jil' «" J*»n fclfrt »«, ft! KUm In <)Ll.<.F«liMl 

Mid,in F lirfi ^tllHPidpTi I ■*' J« (triil»iJirn V"li""fl'iiip 



MITTE1L.UNG 

dfrSanderk&mmliiriDn (urFeitsiellunfi und 
UnitLrivcliUTig dor Umilacnde der Erich I es- 
sung von polntichi-n krLresfff&hgerLBii Q f f 1 - 

tierrn ImKBiyntfWaiddurch diedculfehrr 
f a s e }l i f I I 5 c h l- ti EindrtnjlJiige 

Nadi riem BcichluHs del AusSarordentlichun Slaatikoirimiaaion 
;ur Ffists.LL-]]uJl(j und IJAlereutihiing dnT GreueltBLim dff faKhLsll- 
s^ m dcuUchc-n Ei n arin E line^ unci jhrer HeHurshrffEr wuroe die 
SnndvlWniniliHJBn tur f ixl8tr41une; und UnTmuehunfl dcr Urn- 
Maende dur Eriichi casting von kTlP{!5BclATie*iiun ptilnJadwn Offi* 
zJeftrri Lri Wjijda won Katjm (b Smolensk durch dit- MUmm 
fsflchlblj-Mdricn Eindri rig tinge gpg nJEftdet : 



IMT XXXIX 290 



-1U5- 

[Hum wu liuire it™ cynical Nam chuckling aiiuut huw itay Mill exterminate thn PoIas nt 

Kniyn) 



■M-tl'.ftll 

Ktw a chung >uftn 6-7 d^uUdrcn SoLdnlirn ururden. such vtth andcren 
JCtygen Eeiwichl, rim v<m d-crr S &ttd L-TkDinjniHjLon vcrbfrtrl wurd-tn: 
inSSELfiW FG . BiiULT di-r MV i it ul ..Kutji Gory", K rl wte? tffs.W' 
M.G, Tiachlcr dtT 5 1 mi on brainy i EOr Jm Walde van Kalyn. 
IWANOW SW„ chemalip-er Vnrntfbnr dfr Sinn on GneJidWn in dcr 
Gi-ftuitl di:* Wiildes Wrfl Kalyn. SAWWATEJEW, I.W. P Dieiurl I Licnder 
dirBctbpn Station ALEK5EJEW M.A h VoriiUrrtd^r dcr KoikkHv- 
Wjrtsdiaft d*5 Dnjfw Bnrok, DGLQBLIN A P , 0*1 at 1 1 chir dtT Kirch* 
V-OIl KiJpnrb und andt'riin 

Di^se Zfugi-n hwrtfn Aitdi Sthuwde. dit ao* detri 'Wulde „KasjJ 
Gory 4 ' er^hflJltLHi £mc blender* £ro&sf Hcdfututig fuer die Aw'- 
JtJatTTirm dcSSon, was FTP J-Jiridhaus ,,Kqsj| CJgry" \m HwbiL 1!M1 vor 
fled) £in£. hiben dip Au^ii^n dps ProfDs.nor\ dri Aslrorbomip., del 
Direhtcpji BA51LEWSKT B.W. fat SLnrnwarle In SmplciuiJt Dlt 
Ffoffuoi Basjirwtki vutdc in dva. w$ieii Tagtn dcr di/ulhiihtiJ 
OkkupatjDn. von Smolensk gewalbinm sum SifrUvertrui^r fit.-, siadi- 
ubfJ'hiuptes (des BuprjjFrmt'iriEprfO prntHnl. Wiiehri'nd u\a Bladlobcr- 
baupl derAnwali MENSCHACJN EG v'titi d*in DttuUdiun bpstLmmi 
T^unde, d^r.-ipufirr mit ihntri fortmnp, den YeTTfieti>r, dea- besrandercH 
Vcrlrautn des deu Isob-en Kommandrre und Insbesondurt 1 dci Kom 
mflndanten VCifr Smolensk vdfi SCHWEZ ientrtSS. 

AnTang September iSM wafidlr iidi Busilru'ikJ in MuiAchagin. 
brim K Ommiiniiiin ton von Sdbwn djE EnllassunE. d';ii PaedagOgtn 
EHIGUTNSKI aus Hi:rn Kritgjsgr/ angen nilagrr N 126 xu erbium 
Iridi'm Mtnschsgifi daesc BjUp erfuclite, wandtc i-rsidh an von Sdiwp/ 
und sagte dann xu Basitcwski. dasj seiner BiUt ru'dil RilgL- geldatel 

worden, koe-nne-, well man, wjc von S(+twe?- BSRtp. n sus B^rlm pane 
Wfisufig t:l"hul(cn haetlr, die- piriE unverzuf , p > ]Lch'p Durchf u^h ru r p de= 
Jtrt-nfiaten Rvgitnts In Btzug aui die K n^g^gefu h^n^n vnrschrfiPV 
und Nemp-Nftchsidil in dJoaer Froge zulasse" 

..Ttii iyarjri1-. t unwillr. up^ljrli eln". Kaatf drjr ZfUR^ Dnhihwakt . 
, h WB5 wtiprdf drUri EtrcriHiT 'scjrj, ali diia Lnv Ld^O] Uvt i^fjji-'rin 



wl 



ir 



K^-prtVf^' T^TiJt!:dlat;.n sab rruidi a--nd^rliar an UtiJ ififl^Tn cr r-ich zlj 
i?~i JirTfir i. .tr:l ^ ui h.-Il" lj Li.'.^c ,.£[- k:iuii li Hi lln .ni.i:i:.T:i -At-r-lrr i 
v- r enifl:rtt>ru vnn nth nun .stci'bf r, nbrr_hj[i^diL]ich ricrjcin p-:in Jun^ - 
nfu F'ulrjj vrurdu trn vurs^i'^ilasfpri, ai^ fjin[ddi_jii T-'rrnidlicn ." 

„WlesQ? Wip soli ich dan verstchuJiV". ncl jA aui 

_Sje bdSIph ee wTwrllic5i versmben E.s besichr pinr »oldii- An- 

Ili^llljHM 41 I ■ m= D^J I n B l 4*.4i.. 1*4*4 j .4 ... h. J nn ..r-'Lv hp+! n 4.Hk'Jl Lk.4 **i LvL q iWk 



GdUps 1 Vp'slltn" duch njcrrVanden c-.n Wtirl dnruebtrt su sagm ■ 

..Zwi-i Wochcti s pad it juach dtm obojicrwin.-hnien. Greprflpch mil 

MenEcb sirj n. a)s idi T/rjidpr t>P] ihm Slim ETT-jpfung war. frojinle ith 
nichi Ltmhiii ihn TV frflRen: ,.1Vbi hfieri man uubn dii- Peten?" 



IMT XXX IX 3*2 



(Tha American* hail an Elfish rranslsitinn ul this ai trial, ta why did they 
translate ii into Gentian far the dDCuniBni volumes?] 

McrjctiBEin ^pggcrlg pin Wcnig und diifun anl ^.i..jf k-Vj yt ' ..Mil ihT)crv 
irl fR nbj;rlj»Ti. Von yichwer hoi mir £i>33el r dims <ic irij^ndva) in dt?7 
Nanho Von SmoErnik CTiCJiuiJiL-ii Wiirdun," 

„I>a Mrnsthnj^Ln meanc VcTWHTunc; bpmpfkl hnltp, mahnlp tr 
mlch wittier in djf fJniwfndij;irpLt, tt\rxf An pp] fgenh el [ Ktrtnj; 
jjrhcj rrLzUh u Itim Und hflchhcr begann fj mir die UundlungSWuisc dct 
DL'utschc-n in dieser Sadie iu crklaercn" £r 5ap,lt\ dir Erschipssunft 
dff Pukn Bei einGbcd in dr r ganicn Kelt e der van Dt ulsch tand durch- 
Bofut.*Jirttii poJenfdiifllkJirn Pnliiik, die im SuEiimmcnhahg mil der 
AbsLbLiPHSunp; del russiich-pDliitBchcn VcrlrflgeE bcsnndejr. Vvt- 
*ehnfrfl warden *el." 

BBfiilrwckf frrzAthllL-ebifnlBllsdErSDnderkommtssiurt ufbtr telnc 
UnU'rhultung mJl dt?ni Sondwfuehrer dvi 7. Abit-jlunp dtrr dcutuchc-n 
K»ur>rn unity nlur ] h rsdi Lc i d, ckm liaKcndt'ulseJipn, del' £tl1 rusaiiich 
■I'j ,11 \i 

„HirBchifi;]d e rkl 1 1 t\v Jvmnrii, dosi die Siiia udb Lhki'j t und dn- Mm- 
d u r wcr 1 L ^kfjl der Putin hi.hLNniidh bewiPftun sffieii und class dcrr 
ni>i-uk ;,■.'■ r .f; dpi* Hpynclkgrungszahl iron" PpWn ak I>m L nr,,u-ri K dt*s 

I '-tidr-na dLrppri \vird i rim MuciilnJikuil Fuur Hm Erwdtcrun i; 

■ I ■ ■:- IjlHJhhiTiiiTn'ja vur. Di-u(Mh]ahd fimvaEhiln-slet . 

Im Zueli mmenh an£e dim 1 1 prahll* HirKchfe-Jd, diss von dc.T Ililtl- 
llfEeiu in P^Een nichus. gi-blit-bim *cl, da sip jjehm?ngl, erlehea*cn und 
in Kanztnl rat ions fager ppbrudrl wpr4*n Jftl," 

Etir Auaaagen von Basilcwski wurdim von dem durch die SondfT- 
kfMnmiasjDn vcmprnmc-nrn iipugpn, PhysikptofcSBor Jeiimow J£., 

tiMlapfigi, dfm EatilirVr'shi damaLs un HErb^t 1041 vun idnetn Ce- 

iptacch tn.it Mcnsdia|»Ln erzaEihltr. 

Durch IJrkuridfnbeistaEtljjiiftg dor ALLRs^pen von. Basjk'WsJtJ und 
Jrfunow ajnd cigcnhaEndiKE Aufipttiinu n gen van Montdhajjin, d]t er 
in Sraiem Nntdtbuch |fpcnfl-qht hatle, bt-kratiligt. 



Dicsn i£vtiibudi. da* 17 nidil vuUe Sejicn en. that'll, wurde in rf&n 
Akit?n der SlnrHverwii]iun[* von Smolcnks nacb desacn BclfcLunfi 
vorgefundcn. Die TfllSjiChe, da£S. d jutes Nmizbudi Mensdisgin (*u- 
hrtorit und audi lElnp Handsehrifl wurden K<wohl durch die Aus- 
jJigL-n v?uv Essilcwikl. der dft Hondsdirlft von Mu-tifchagLn gul 
J'.armii.', flls itLictl durch das grpphalngiEch* GutBchlfn be£]iiubifjl 

Wip ms den iro Noliibwch cnllmlli-nun Da (en *u ersehen isl, 
KlrifU dtT In fi j 11 dk Peri ode der cntc-n AiiRusltJip? 1841 hi', 
November dtssidben Jahits. 

Unttr den vtirtchiudencn Ndfizpp hjnolch Uich der ivlrtsdiaflbthcn 
rrup en (uebtr He>1i, Eis-k Irische Enprgip, Handel us.wjgab es cine 



IWT XXXIX 



303 



107- 

. FRAME THE RUSSfAfeS FOR KATYN 



n< U5.MI 



ftcifre von AvifitJthnyn^en. die von Mcnschufim. um *ie nlfhl zu m?r~ 
ftEuiLicn. als AnweLsunfli'n cl*-r KnmmandCLnlur von Smolensk gernoeht 
wurden 

Aufi dicsm Auftcjchnuriflpn crgab ttdi kW rmv Heine von 
Fraficn, mil dencii pich die StadlvEjrwattunp, ula Oj'fiari, da= a L]i 
Anwuliunfjcn dc* deul&chtTt Kcunmimdoft auKfuDhrfc, bpscha p Fl l g t p 

Auf den ersrkn- drei Ecilsn dp* Nntizbuen f S wnrde &u5fuchr']Lch 
dtp Orisannqtifin deft nGni-Un*" unci daa Sj;:1tm dor ftcproEE-ali^n, 
in BpEup riuT die ludrm anziJwn.fideri, dargf.lnUl Au) der S^St: HJ. 
dit- rail rftm 15, AupjuiiE 1941 dalu-rl ist, biess Esr,AIJp polmpchen 
jicfluerthlftL fj KrjL'gsp^TLinjii'iti'ii sindl l«1?uhfillcn und In die Kcrn- 
nmncliiTHuJf fcu bringen " Auf dcr Stile 15 (ohm* Da turn) Etand: 
.-Kursierefl uriler der Bevae! fcrrunu C Brunch lp ueber, d|,p Ersdniessunfl, 
der pulluschch Kricy^elangcnen in .. Koiji Gory"?(an Umnow). H 

Aus di'r iTRlcn Aufji'idiuurjf! cry at- ej EJeh. p da An &m 15. Au£u-J 
1941 die hriee^gfrur^enc'Ti Folen a] eh nod] auf dem Gcbict von 
Smolrnsk befandrTi und das^ si-f- wi'llrrhin von dfn dmlscruin IlL'- 

hoefden verbaJlel wvirden. 

Tlie- iveilr AuficiphnHn^ joupU- davOn, dans dus, riculsdiH Kom- 
TBando, aulgcrujjl durdl d\v Moc^lirfikoJi dor Y&rbrEi liinc dcr 
GETUPchic yptipr d)v vnn ihnt-n Twp^nge-n en "Vrrhrechen unler dtf 
£ivilbevOp]ktJ-ung, bcEtfndLME AnWeasjng.cn uebpr die NEich prnplunj: 

diesfr Aujjulcgfnhcn gab. 

UnuiDw. der in dpr AulzcjchnxjTjg erwmpbi)t wurde. v«r Chnf diri 

niuijchrn I'uhAi.'l in Emti]enik Vai^hrcnd der treton Mnnali- der 



E n t 3 tt h U ft g dtf dtutschcn f;ov oka lion, 

Im Wmlcr l&42r'43 vcfacnderU? *ich gxilndiactzlich djt allpem n nr 
KriEpsLaec nichl jugun&ten del Dditndjfn. Djc KricgStuuthl dur 
SowJ^luhlon versturrMi: ftiiii laufciid und dis EmiEunp dw Sdwjci- 
unton will dm ASiiiPrte-n fcsugle Bjtht Dk Demedicn trtilischhindfrr , 

sich, mil dor provukahLTn zu bp,fijTjT3E;n 1 _iri_d^m j;je;- ; j .u tJcii GiCur-l - 
Ujhift. da-r alu Irli Wtt[J'~\"«n Kruyei vitul.'1>' hLillen, RnlTEn uud dLi:r - 
riYn ^..■-'■i- ibebo?i-i-lrn mr Lanrl ]mcU'H PtuJllVih Tx-=il-Mdihjl1cri gif . 
die- rtus-ag-ri mil rit-n Prj^c n jtj cnl7 , wpirn urni .rite, S dutch lbix-i. VVr - 
bicL.in.lia iu irisni'lldwo 

Dlt PriL'Jilcr dta Durfrs Kuprino, ffezJrk StnDlL'aisk A f* OGLOB- 
LJN MBit 4i 1 1;. 

..Nsrih dun Eirignla&cn bvj Stjhngrad. als die Diulachcn lhrtv 

Unsjchertieil Inch Lien, regten lie diesc- Sa-chr an \m Vo]k iprach 
fflan d^vtiTi, din* die Duulsdirn ihre Ldfje VerbciSdm. H 



IMT XXXIX 304 



Id*- 



i.uj..:n 

Mil der VcrbD-rcniing dor Kfllyncr Ftgyokalinn »ich belJUiSEnd . 
tu-jjanm n d Lr Dfu 1 suh v h J .J f. in ■■■'] n.»~ ■■ i"nmal „ S<. jjj;_^n jl ?U ^u di un. QJl - 
unliT drr Ejii"w7rili.H"n; v-r< 1 1. j^jrcdt-n, Bi-sU-iJt,1j:iCi?j. f>dVi L>t'.>'--«.'t'S$!n 
dar di'fl Bvulschon erTord t: r Li di rn A-JK-iUjeri ' rnartuvi k umin^-j i 

Dtp Aul mtrrksattlltcil dcrDeulsebpn erft?gtc dET Bauer KI55EI-EW 
Fiirten G*wrik>wit5di, gL-burcn 187G, d*r naehcr ale alle endMen 
bd dem Landhius ..KtojL Gory" wohrlc r KLsaclew wurdc Khon 
Ende 1642 In die Gestapo [>c>ru:fi:ri und "Indtm mm Ibn mit EtprEE- 
ulicn bcdrohte-- aufgcf order l, vrrjojicnc Auisagcn daracber tfU 
iukJieu, das? ihm bchannt sei, da^s die Bolschcwiken Lm Fruehjahr 
1B40 im L&ndhiu* d<r UNKWD-Dknst*telJt in ,.Kosji Gory 11 die 
It rieesgrtfarE.cn en Pnleft ersehossen njaeticn 

P.irii*bt'r i»ftt# Kissutew ilia. 

4m Herbal W* katntn irt mefnv Wohnunjs iWfcl PcdizLsltMi UTld 
wgtBii, ich mueasU! mLeh bei der Gestapo auf der Ei5DJibihnJiH(">n 
Gncsdowu ruclden. 
Am (iJeichen Ta£ ging Ich *Uf Geslttpo, die Jn pinem twei SlOt?cJt i- 

E*n Hbus nebuin di?r ElsenoahnsLatiim untergebratht war. In dem 
Zi[ilrtii.T h dm ieh betral.bEfa-ndim £kh eltl deutscher Olfizicr Und tin 
Dolmelscher. Dlt deutnehe Officer begann mieh durch den DpI- 
nuMichcr ausiiufrngEii, wiv lange Jt£b in diewrn Beairk wohnp, worxill 
ldi midl befas&e und wLp mfcim? fflllnitllf L&ge ifll. Ieh cnachhe 
ikm, dass ich Im Vorwerfc nebpn „Koflji Gory" itll ]&P7 wDhne und 
aul mcinc-m Gut arbcilB, Upber meine matcrk'Ue Lagc "gle i^* 
daps ich Schwlei-igktHltfl httbf, wesl ieh nchon "H bin und nrelne 
Sot-line im Fetdfi sleben 

Nnch die^m kurien Gespraeth «kTaErlD dcr Officer, die Gt*tapn 
haby BcrichU- dnrueber, dua diu Mlterbeiter dcr NKWP-Dicnsl- 
stfiUc J "940 im Wald von Kalyn unwmt von „Koeii Gvnf" dlt P°l- 
njidiL-n Olfi^l^re erpchOEscn habtn, Er frH|rt* rnich, vuelche Austagc 
ich dirupber Tnachi:n kahn Ich aniworitte, utbcrbi-upl ni* gehoert 
iU habtrt, dasr. dlr NKWD-DLenSlalc]!* Ersdiiesaungfll In „Kosjl 
Gory" ausgpfyphri hai. Auiicrdeni srklaerW icb dem Of liner, diia 
ich die MaegbthkeLt — Ersdiies&ungtii dotl tus^ufuEhrtn — fu« 
tuigeschlosten hnitfl. da ,.Kosji Gory" ein fiJini cJTcnlitgencSer uni 
dichlbfVMliteTipr Ort tti. Die gesamlo EcvoeiUrrunp, der nuhp- 
btgfnden Dw:rlcr hatlte d»vp-n rwcifcliotm* w;hpii rnuptsen, 

Dei Of Tuier antwortetc rr r. din ich *Ijip jokbe 1 Auswgp machsTi 
muessp, da sich die efWArhnli' Tnliachc iftgeblith DMnrkLch ertifinet 
hatite Fuef dtese AiJasagE wurdt mir eine bohp Ef)i>bnimg VPT- 

Ich erkU^riif wurdt-rJitilt dem Ollliiet, da» Ich ucber dia Er- 



IMT XXXIX WS 



■ KW- 



TDRTUM "WITNESSES" INTO SIGNING STATEMENTS WRITTEN H¥ GESTAPO 
INTERROGATORS AND INTERPRETERS TO FRAME THE RUSSIANS FOR KATYN 



tit-train 

unsertT GcgtTviJ iu <tfV*i ucbcrhaupl I"*! voTkommsn konnte 

Trotidtm b»tHAd der OriiHw darauf. dir triune Aoitafic iu 

znaehtn. 

Nach d«Tn crsitn Cesprjurfi, wwuriier I* brrtili frMg* wur** 

irfi im Februar JB4S ium iwejlfn Mil mr Gtstapa gerufrn 

Zu dicier Zdl wurde mlf briMMi. d«s -nth andcrc Einw&hn** 

drr nuhplicfieitden Dbcrfrr *ur G«lap«> b*ordtrt wurd«i p vnrt (tenth 

maxi diuclbcn AuHagen gefordcrt h*tta\ 

In Ot* Otafepo wartn dcrnttw OIIIijet und DulniciKifr, die 
mich dnf mtc Wal Vcmgmmen piaLlEfl. 

Winder fordvrtc man mlch aul, diss 1th Buisaptn kjU, Augni- 
nuet dcr Eiiehics^netn d^r pfrlnischcn OHmere Ecwtsrn tu ftta, 
dit ■njjebbth in* J«hre 1M0 dur* lit NKWD-Dienstrttllc *u*gc 

fuehrt wordun ntJtffl. 

I* erkUcrlt dem G«»iD|HDlfLxiEr ftKhmtls, d^ das Lueg* Hi, 
d* k*b var den, KrLw n^i* von don EBdi^un*". hwrte und 
da» i* d^ vuriDfinEir Au^afc nichl mtchen werdt Abcr dFr DuJ .- 
Tn m^^r wolU* mkh niehl »h M reB nir.m flu hundarhrtilhch « 
OSkuniEnL von, T L ,ch umj H t « mir vor Darin Hl»>d. d"** ich 
KlSRfOJW, im Vo™«ll t unwell von .Kdgji Gory w^hne und 
Sfilblrt earthen hate, wlr im Julire J 940 die MilarbcLltf det MtWU- 
DifnststellE die pednisehen OIIiEitrfr trsehOBaen habtrt. 

TJ u did L-jn drr Dnimttreber pmr das vnr frjlfrwn hfltlt. scHuil c.r 

m ,r v ^, d.H f^v.inH^, 5 jggrjgjiiE; ^ iii « Bb - ** r 

Jnlcrtthreibun Sit Boforl. oder Sie Harden getofrlet S«e habcii t.u 

Ith ha li e Ancal btkommch u»d unHrfEchrii-^ das Dnkumtp.t. 
d flT mt TL-danE Tid, deas damn die Saehi.- b i-cndel isL Naghdgg^lg 
n.-ii iaAfii J^n Besutfl d^r G^cber vt ^ K't^ durdi yg«diled«iE 
TP^e|ggatiQnE^^' jireaniBicrt Imttcn , wunfe ic h fcBt»-miaen. vor dc? 
anecknmnitfiicn J .polnL&^J^^^ DL'tegat itin Eu iprechen " 

KiMel^w vffrjlaM den Inhall dra indct GEataPO unicrmihrictif ncn 

— ^- p^ra iilhin [fe B gggS iv^c-l ew vtrhaltcn ana, indegj 

ItTl V e m f ir.ha1b M&nMc- iar.e uftbarrnhfrrrJii v^p»j C £ t -|te 1 _g£jvaBE. 
dp dadur^ scjm- EJn^Llil^^, n^^dm^ «-ffL-iir.ic>i aOfKiitreten 

..in WlfltlLchktil kam ei *nd?n. lm Fruchtihr «« (»b E p_dLe 



DeJlMfccn belnnnt, d«s »i* in, Wild voti Kilyn in d« "*jfe™ 
.Kosji Gary' 1 die GraeW dtr polfr. B gh*i. Otfjtta*, die .ft^bieh 
von dm NKVTO^tEMlalPllm erschoastn wurdorv. enldrckl ha.Ui.-n- 



IMT XXXI K B « 



■ III). 



Rn|ri riiif.t':f kftTT? in tncinp WuhnunB pin GrstHTHvPalnuVi-.^M 
und" fuihrti m'ich in rfcn" '^'ujlt ^ ri tl I ■:■ Oi-f;riid von „K ■:'?,] j Gnr y 1 "' 
Nacfidow U'it die Wohnunfl vcrlas^rn hal[pn, warnf^ riiuJi dt:j Pul - 
liiL'tidicT untpr vi i 1 r Aijgen diini ich iclzl di/n'im Vfm'.d A n w^.l' n dr n 
al;i: = tuiirgcnaij nanncrgjchi^-ii pull If t Wii- ji. .r-,n. ■;■■;. n.n bo, tk r 
G ■-■<■! hep untprschriPbe-nein Pttk-nmr.-ii &.". child ^n efi 

lui Waid anjiekQjnnipn, Mh ich »URgtl]obcnr Craber und jrne 
Cruppe mir uubckHnntfir Person pn E>ri Polmi'Ht'hPr tagtf rtiLr, tft 
icier rJ pQ]nifichi' DpleBier^", die KUr BesLHiligulig der Graebrr afi- 

Als wir in dlr Gr»ebt-r hcranlraven, begunnth die „DL-Lcgicrfen'" 

in mich vcrachittdeufi Frsgen ni sisVlffni In mslnehrr 5pr#rtir buEuwfi- 
]idi dtr EndtitDKung vbfl Pclm. 

Dij almr sf It *iri Zl'U. wq jrfi j.ut Cualiipj gLTulcn wurdu, ueber 
fin M»nii! V! TLlnrhi-i-ri war r YulU: ich ull^Ji vfrfii'.'KJjpri. %va«: HI dciTi 
v^-fi. m i j " u n lirr^i-li 7 i - 1 "■<: : 1 1 n, Dl ,'k Limff n J fcH-iL nil Ich >Jm dcshalb Jrui 
dum Kcmtcpt und rrkliirl*- mm S-chluss, dasa ich van. der Er- 
jitJiip^fiung dct pnlnwchfii Offim-re nlchu wul'aiIc 

Dcr dculsdic Ollitici arrgcrte sich B-chr und df-r DoLmflTichn 
j.rrrte und trieta mLch brutal van d<?r ..Delejjalipn" Fort Am 
rtaech&len T&ep bum Lin Wageri mil eintcn GcElapcjoflizicr zu 
mpinrr Wohnung Madidem mich dtr OffizJcr nuf dum HdI vni-fand, 
etkUerlf er, d&ss ich verh»ftel «ei, seUte Hiich fn d*n Wagen ui5d 
fubr mich ins Inm [f]i' nsk a r (jc-tacnfnLi. 

Nadi memer Yerhnfunig wuriJe ich otfler* iiir VernehTnung 
pprufEn. doch prueceiie nuin mJch mchr n!fl mnn mieh verhoErie 

Wachrcnd ttcr entcn Vcrmfhmuni; vefGrueg-elte man miiji Blflrk 
uni Luke dn m pf I •■ micii, dtiss ich £i« hiamkert hafltle. Daraufhin 
btabhti: man mich in die Zellc iurwuii. 

lrj def n#eehntf n] jjpri rien Vpmohmunp SJJBtf TTWtn mir, jch polllr 
tnjfTfn (J tcti crklarrcn, dysa icii AugemLL'uge dcr Ersich] cs5 LUigtii pr.i I - 

nl*diLT OJ fiii art duirh dU- BoiicheAvifcpn gt-wfaecj mji und djjj Ich 
LijI.iEij.c ■Ci'u^ d?m Grfaengniji nicht fn,llji?pn wucide, bis y,z\t d<*: 
Guslam> LirlnisVA's-itll Kbeiif. d,'^t iiih jripJHt Auf^^Vj*. jJ^wiTtvlVh^Tt 



['rfucllc Ith <entp, eg untie dpnx Oifi^er. dass Icb ]ieber Im Gefepngnis 
si lien wuprdc-. air den Mcncchrn Sand in dip Augpn iu strcuL-n 

Soldi p Vpmehtniuinjgon. btri Wrtehcn ich vPrprupgp]| wurdip. Wtt- 
rU'r hotter sich I>»t Ergebnii war, dass ich vceJiig krsHlos wurd?, 
?Um Ttll mem Gchotr vcrJor utid mir! inert tcthlen Ann mchl mfhr 

bewegen. koimte. 

UtiHcfahr csJitn Mount epactcr naehi moLner Vtrhoflung ritf mich 
der deulsche Qffnier tu *jch und sagi-p: J3a icben Sic KasmIpw, 

IKT XXXIX 307 



-111- 

. . TORTURE "WITNESSES' INTO TESTIFYING FALSELY BEFORE 
INTERNATIONAL DELEGATIONS TO FRAME THE RUSSIANS FOR KATYM 



wsn Sit- Ihr EjfiFnainn kwtel. Wir hoLcn entachipdlpn.,, flip Todei- 
tlrafe an Ihncn iu vaJizipbcn Morftpn ^crdpri Sip In den Wit Id ton 
Kfttyn ^ufiibrc'n und ei'haengL. Jch bat den OffJiJpr, ds& nieht fcu 
nvachpn und wulkr ihn ueberjeugpn, dBtu ich fuer dms RcDo i<K 

Augcfuoujjp hei dur ErscbJcBaunR nlcht Lauge, wo J) ieh uebfrhjupi 
nicht twCgrn kann und flrahalb WlfdLT irgendplwaJl vei^VochsLMn 
wiTtft Abpr der Officer VFJflfal weUcrhin ferine Mcinunfi 

Ijirdgf Mlmllcn .ipaolcr kamen S^Jri:ilon |ns dimmer vnd bi L - 
gannon mich mil Gutnmrknurppcjn lu verpmefldn. Idi htc]l nbrj 
flje 5chJarp,<- und M isgh anjll » rtgfii T)ich1 aus and WilllfiLp pin,, dir 
rrJogenpM Au^saflMi ueber dip Ersoh jpsbu r>JT d(-X pi'lriir-c-hPii Orfirk'le 
durdn rin- Bolf-tTn.-wiki'li ue.JTmlbdh zij bi^iR-iificn .. I>arauf wurdo icb 
*us dem GL'raEnfinJs. en t Lassen JDahpL wui-dp mir gt j sag,l, diuL£ Ich 
aul da.fi eritt Afiiuthcn der E'cul^chcn vdt dpn r Dpl^o,ie^lcn. , " im 
Wald von K_atyn ?y ajirpchf-n hfiflU 1 ,'i^- ■ m ,||- , bfvor wir 2U dpn 
au sr;eh nfoenm Gracbcm in dmi ^ii!l van Katyn fuiinrn, ^am der 
Dolmrljicju. r tu mir r\arh Hmi^, nef Triifh out dvn .KMjjiahm triTc^ - 
beispjip, domU nirmand una hc-crcn kanntr ufid nnHij^lf mich elrif - 
halbe Stunrie ianp, alle^ riaj] «i u; v. ■. nil jj^ iu Ipnu-n, w^^ DgPM dif 
anfl t-bl i oh c-_. Er.^ ' ; V -■'■ utn g d '.■ r pi A n i u lm i:n jD J i i ;■. i p rp_d urch die NK m3 - 
Dienr^^U'llpn dm Jithre 1P-]Q f^i sig^n iiuiwon'.liE war , 

Ich erinrnrrt mich. dasS dPr Dolrneliciipr mir UnCpfar.hr fulgcfidpi 
saglp; 

-h lch wr>hnp im Vorvvprk Ln dtr Gi-gend von „Koe]i Gory" unu'cll 

vom Lsindhaus dcr KKWU-DienslstsOSe Im Fruphjshr 1P4D 5Ah ich, 
wip m;in diL PoJen in dtn Wild bracbtt' und sit- jodp Nachl dor! 

er^didEa " 



Jen musEit? euch woeruicn erJiifltTEn, (lass did ttJe „Ard<f,i aes 
NKWll" gewewn sei 

NftChdcm Idi mtr das wnpiaeple, wan mir dejr Diilrnciicher saglc, 
fuehrtp er tnich in den Wa]d An die Eus-Ertmbencii Grabber und 

bk'ts mi.Cn, dies al]« Jn dcr AnwescnheS | de-r oricf^fearnmL'ncn 

dun Gi'jlapq-DplTncischgr Ftrpni. hpn.rolliprt und k«?]i?Uf-. . 

Einffiiil, ills ich vor emcr , r DL*k-gatiLH1" a ultra I , tragi r man mich, 
ob ich die Polrn vor ihrer Eridii^ung durdi die Bolachrvnken 
g-ciUhcJl (incite. 

Ich War aDf dins? Fragr nicht VDTbenei Ep| und prkloerte, dflSfl ich 

d]? poSrufiChen Kt i e£&gefangE n<.-n vur dem Kr Legfibeginji hn\ den 
Slrnsitnbauafbc.ttri firsc-hen hsettp, was nueb drr Wirlt JLchk pit 
entsprQch Daniu.Ti.n Jibob imdi civi p^irrif-if.^fT grab bcrLseiU: unci 

Jaglu mjtJi nach I'lausf. I eh liiHy rrci. ru jjiaubpn, dasg ich fnrl - 
wac-h^nd von GewssunsbiEscn grqundt wurdp, vplI tch MruAslli '. 

IMT KJOtlX 3oe 



TQHTUHE WITNESSES " INTO SIGNING "STAT EMEHTS ' WRITTEN W FOREIGN 
LANGUAGES TO FRAME THE RUSSIANS FOR KATYN 



Darn urn in critlairle mti dcr OifizLrr Wenn em dcuUchcr Offj- 
licr brhauplct, die Po]pti Stfftfl durch dtp Bu) rich rw then rrschcssen 
wordcn, w> enlspracchp eg drn Tal.'^niis-L-n r Darum", trials dcr 
CIFilJtr fori, .,brsuchen Sit kfinc AngEt zu haben und kcK-imen mil 
nihiptm (jcwisseh da* PrOiokinl] d*riit-brr tihEcrschrDibcn, da^p die 
ki'JPJJiigthingenirn Polcn von d*n Bofachcwikt-n criichci5wn warden 
und doPLi Sic dabci AugEnzEU£c- wjireiL*' 

ldi hntwurU-lf. ich »cl «ln grclact, Gl-jnehrificr Mann and wblh- 
mem Gwjsscn fjkdil durch Sum den bcla*ltn Ich kann nur aus- 
Mfi*I», da&A dli! hrLrgAgcJangcnirri PgIeti latjiatichh'ch Ito Fruchjahr 
11M0 in Cncsd«wu ank-amcn 

Daraufhtn nchlcfclt sich dti dcutachc Dlfiiicr an, ralch Jtu ueber- 
redcn. di» Erfnrd^rJichm Ausstgen iu rnadierj, indcm Er mir 
■Vtnptwdh t mich aui mclner tls-henjiun DjEnstfitellimf; aJs ZwiBihEr^ 
■.tationswaechlrT ill tint andcre 1U ucbcrluchren und mjch all 
SlaUDrLSVOTitfher VON GntmJowQ, was ich unlcr dcr Sflwjetmftfihl 
war, einiuMlicfi, sow if mtdi jiutfi in matrnellw Hinsichl xu ifir- 
lOrgen. 

EKir DuJrnetschpr b.eiorit*, doss dai dculsehc Kommiiitdo auf 
mi'inr Auisagfn jdi themallgcT EtstnbahnarjgratclhEr dcr SUlion 
Gncsdl/W-o die dem Wftlct VOn Kulyrj am nac-thslcii llL'^l, jiuvScn 
Wert Ifgte unri dais Jth es, nsdil b?rruefi wuprde, HTnn ich die 
bEtaRiT-ji AunugL-n machte 

lct\ uh idn, da&s ich m erne Bcus&fmt sfhwtrc I_agc gL-ruirn war 
und mir tin trauriges Schicksai bevorslinul, iber Irtilxdim ver- 
WCJE-Erte ieh dpm tfeu luche m OfflzJPi' di* erlogenc AyLsagQ. 

Diiraufliirj Juhr iraich dcr Ofrlzier an, bedryhtf m,i<dl mil Scfilae- 
gLii und mtt Erath lessen, Indcm cr crkiaertp, das? »ch moinc Vnrteile 
nlchl ventu-erLrie, Ith blicb abet »londhail birL mciniti Aussagi.- 

■Dbr DfjlmtlschLT AtJinirb dann elu kurzfs. In dijuisdier ^pifttln.' 

i ^ ^ ^ ^^^^^^^~ 
flt'gcfassl^r FfL'IQRtflL.^ CLitL- Sl-jLp lanp, nirdcr Land gnki rrtij dr&5<!n 

InhaJj bf-jiannl . Wie mir dor DolmElschfr rj'raehltc, wor in den - . 

PioLqIldH nur di« TatSadle deT Ankunfl vfm (f(i | ru.uli«n Knegf- 

gefanpenen in GnesddWO aufgenommen, AJg jch pb^T bui. mfLTic 

AuBsagtn nichi nur dcuisch. irimdrm nuch russisdi riiedti^uacitrci- 

G"^ " l — ■■■■■■■ ^1 
rik. ^ -tr dcr OJiLutT ausscr sich, schlufl mich fraii rHurm G-Jmrfu -' 

Jeni;c 1 -pi-i ur^fj warf midi hiniui " 

SAWWATE.IEW T.W., Bcb, IttO, aaptfl jum 

In (Jflr Golapu gab ich an. dat) im FYuthjahr 1940 ir 

Gncid*nwo m\% unlgen Ei-senbahntransporten dif kn^gig^faitgimen 
Poltn lat&acchhch ankflmen und dasa sie mil den W^gcri vcller- 
fuhren, wuhin wci*s ith «bcr nidhi. Aussprdem lucgtc l(ii hinzu. 



IMT XXXIX Jl0 



113- 



TDHTURE "WITNESSES" INTO SIGNING "STATEMENTS' 
THEV WERE NOT ALLOWED TO READ 



■h-uwh 



d#5s idi tparler dir Ptiivn mrhrtnaU auf dtr Autobahn Maskau 

Minsk, wo lie in kleinm Gruppm fi*paralur»rb?UiMi vtnichlL-lpn. 
Ccsehen hallo. 

D^r Officer crkl»tni irur. din left inldi in-p und dass Jdi dip 
Ffckn auf iter Autobahn nichl iehuft kunnlr. wet! lie von den Bal- 
tchcwjktft er^choswil burden und fordcrlir mldl auf, dafucber iq 
trraFhltn. Jeh vcrwFificnr « Nach linjp-n Dr»hunficn und Uebgr- 
fcdun^Mrrrgudim byrifc't sieh dlT Qffizipr in deutiiriicr Sprachg upper 
*TiVto mit den. Dclm^tsdici. tfgr Latere KhricV. dVa'ufhin e'n 
f hura? s Pnjiqkr.Jl jjjjg i cfl ( B g miF JLjr ^ntrrtschrih vor, inj t 'm"ct 

>B£[^ dass dmn Jit Inl.nh m^tnrr Auasafci-n wicdcrgegebin Sri 
1ch_ bal dfn Dolmctscher mir MreglfchkEll jm bk-Hm, da& PfptnU^I 
^IbJrts^ndid iu Ipwt1| abir cr urilcrbrach mich nJiimpfernl ijijij 
hi; fall], unvcrzuE fl lieh das frokurnenl zu uMC r&dlrn be n und iu vcr- 
fichwinden. Jch ifl^ecrtg pine Minute- der DnWuchfr griff naeh 
FinfTn an dpr Wan d hacngrnlif n Ciumnqiknutrppel iind nolle mi t ihm 
aum Sthlafig ma Niin unlirschr J i»b ich d« mir varretegle Frotokall 
Dier DoJmMscHcr lagle, ich mucase vrrsdn*rin,dim unl Autirtc mil 
nirmandern darucber tchwaftea, *on»i wutrrfr man mtdi *mdi lessen 

Auf dcr Sucht n*ch n Zeugcn A bo ben die Deulschen vor den 
eruaehnten Prrinnen nJcht *UJt gemadu 5ie bemuohten iidh, die 
rhemaligcn NKWD-Milarbeitir auifindjg iu m adieu und von ihftftfl 
dif den I>Eulschen Crfordej-IJchiMi #rlng«ncn Aiusigfn zy crzwingen. 
Nichdem ifip Deutsche den phemaligtri Arbeiler dCT Aulngarnge 
Aa UNKWD., Grbirl Smolensk, IGNAT1UK E.L, vtrhaflsl h.tten. 
v^riydilen air horlnatriug durch Bedratiungcn und Schiacge von 

J Ihm elnt AuHatfc zu erzurJjigEn, das* tr kpii\ GaragunirbeMc r , *on- 

dem *in ChajfTfur flcweKll id ilnd die kriEREKi'fdnRcnrfi Pulen 
perjwcdbch rur Ertchiessur,gw( telle scfahren haBltc. Darutbcr Kjrte 

► Ifiniliulc Ei.. geborrn !»3 F au; 

H ,Waehrend 6*r «r*lnt V?r7iehmun£ duirTh den PctixpicheJ 
ALFEHTSCHJK l^gi* mlr d«r LcUlcrt iur Lut, da&E it*i Z*r- 
trLzungau-bcit gefien die Peuucbtn Brhricrdcn #uig«fuehrt hactt* 
und friflr mich, welehtr Dietis^leLlung idi im PTKWD mnehatlc, 
Idi *ntvvortptp dass left, In def Girane des NXWl>AmlM, Crbltl 
Snnj(« M k h rIi ATbcilrr t«eti£ Wpr, In dort^Ibeo Vem*hmun|5 for- 
derie mich Alfcrtschik fcuf, ihm ebie Ausssgr dtrucber xu madien, 
da» idi lm NKMfD-Amt nicht ■!» ArbrJler, aandem *it Chauffeur 



btschiefiigl ty ar All AlfrrUdiik di«* ihm wrt erdrrli then Amu^n 
mtfci bekomnun) tannic, fieri*! er In Wm und band mir itwmmen 
mlt Kin tm AdJuLanLtJi, d™ er rail „Schoracb ' tnrrdete. eincn L*p- 
p«i um den Kopf und urn dm Mund; tip ra^n m#int How hcruntcr. 

IMT XXXIX 31 J 



-LJ4. 

TORTURE WITNESSES INTO RAISING THEIR RIGHT ARM AND SWEARING 
FALSELY UNDER OATH TD FRAME THE RUSSIANS FDR KATYN 



«M-U**H 

Sanderkammireion verhocrl Eucharrw ertaehUe, auf wclthe Arl 
und WclBt dlt Deu Lichen die ihncn VDrgelegltn erlDpcncn Aus- 
5h£cii ucbcr die ..Kalyncr AnuelLgcnheil" betarnmcn h alien. 

..AirTsngs Mwrx 1S43'' — so i^ab Ejdiarow an — „Ki«i cifl Mit- 
■ibriier drr Q^stapn von Gncsdu'wa In mrine Wohnung, dc#&en 
Namrn ich mich njdhl cjitsinni? und m^Ic, doss midi eln Officer 
rufen Hesse. Alp ich *Ur Gestapo kum, trklaerte mir *llil dcutachcr 
OJiiEjrr durch einen D&lmclschcr ..Uru iit bekunni, dass £jc 
WflfiFJlkypplef 9U( der ELiscnbiJjniLiiiJOti Smolensk waren und de&- 
HtiMt mupssen, Sre sussagcn, dais im J ah re 3B40 die Wajjexi mit dm 
Lrlefltgrfangerten Polen durdi die Etadt Smolensk nisch der Eta I ion 
(Jjiesdow iuhlcn und dau dinn dip Polcn 1m W*ild in der Gegcnd 
„Kojiji GarfTj'" 1 rTiehQ£5ei1 wurden,'" Uarauf antworttle IcJl, dass die 
Wagm rail den Polvn 1m Jfihr* J^El taisa.pth.lish dureJi die SladL 
Smoltfljk naeh WcrJlcn WeJterfuhr*jh, auJ Neither St alien li* after 
LiuSgclftdi'n burden ist IJlir nichl bckainit. Dei- Offir.iir V»g\? mir, 
d;iS.S, vurnn Ich lU* fr&icn Stilcken dLu Austagtn nlcM raaditp, et 
rrncb daiu Kwingc/i wunrdp. Nach dscscn Worit-n nahm CT emcn 
Gummiknueppel und beganri mich iu vcrptuegcln ArLicMiesaend 
k'fil*! raftn mlfch auf Eine Dank und der Gfnzier sow it dtr DoU 
mclichrtr babeo. auJ mieh cingeschjaiipr). Wievn-lc Hiebe aie miT 
vcrurLzt hhbcn. welas Ich nichl nwlir, well ich das Ecwutslscin vvr- 
Inr Aljt ich zn mlj^kflin. lordertc di'r Ofn;i?r n^ich auJ, dias Pn-io k o n 
7\i tjniEjrcchrcib-cr. idi hi'L.^ rnidi dtirdi die Schlagfip und prohiingen 
Svt 'f.rsxhiris.'uriii gLnaAucchli?fn r Tn^L-hl^ .' '"jiTJpjj'enfl A^55ag^n uiid 
unltT^ichnrlf daE Prolokul] . Daraufhin W'Urdg idi VOP d*r Qpsiaprp 
cnlJaE&£n Nachdccn einLge Tngc nieft mtlntr Eei»rd«run( iur Gt- 
slupo vpntridten waren — c* War ctwa MJttc Mser;;. 1^43 — Itam Act 
Palme ischer in meine Wcrfitiuna uhd la^te, dSH- ich EH ftnftiri "dTcul. - 
lichyrj Ci'nEiral Ei?hcn und thm mp'Jltf AuwaEf beslaetiRen muaa , 
A]*, wir zum General kirtntn, fragtc in Ich der L*l?tprfl. ob :ch meinc 
AuEBBgen bestaaLige. Ich btrjalttL-, weal Iritdl der Dplir^lsobpr unlcr - 



k-"ii ■*;;■■ V"'*i| 1 1 iv y m*^^i in 1:4.11 J J.4_kd illli mmni fiwnj'FgL h ■ 1 ■— • ■*•■ u-i.-nm-nui. , 

qpi oerCeslapo d(?r Fall ijewesen *ei Am F*urd>1 v^r Foitern int- 

LrfjUl mir dtT Do] iHgtEgh b r, den rFcbtcn Arm ru hrlr^i i;-^i jrigt? 
MiiT, dass j tJ-i ebtn tinen Kid eeleistei haelLL und htini^-'huii few rim-." 

Es JJl -fcalgf sioll L warden, doss die Dti li1 lidien es versucbl haben. 
<llf ihnrri erforderUehsn Auisafit.'n auch von andert-n Feivwen iu 
h Thai (en uird xw*r vcm EhcmabfiBn Mtlftr df» Gi-raeiipniidirpktoFE 
In Smolppiik KAWERSNEW H,S, K vom Milarbriter Im eTwaebnten 
{jL'fp?nsnLl KOWALEW W.G. u.i_. Indum dip fUTiannUu Fenwraen 
ut-b*rn?deL, bedrohl mid misshandtll wurdrn Da die Suche nsch 



IMT XXXIX 315 



115 



DIG UP THE BODIES AT KAHN AND PUT FALSE DOCUMENTS IN THEIR 
POCKETS TO MAKE IT LOOK LIKE THE RUSSIANS DID IT, THEN BUR If THEM AGAIN 



dtr trforderlLchi:!! Anz-h] von ^Zcufien" niissfiliiE.'cktF, vct-btelitliin 
di* Dtulschen tn der Siadl Smoltnsk und in d?n nahclicgtridcn 
DwWctn fo]BMid« FlypblBtL, wcrvpn sit* cm Eatmplar im Original 
b«fl den Aklcft der Soflderkittntfi issaon. bcflrnJPl 

BakinntmacJiung an die 5tvofUcrun(! 

Wer kann uobtr die MassentracnlKSunnen, die die Be Ischvw iVs en 
|tn Jahre 1WD in den polnlwhcn krieE&BtfinjpnMi Om*i*r*ri Ulld 
den Frirtli-rn im Waldc ..Kusji Gory J in drr Chftu*we Gnwdowo- 
Kal.vii duTd\fie(whrl hsben, &u^»a[;en , 

Wrr hnl die AutQtraii4|*>rle von Cnesdtr*d liflch ..Koaji Gary 
bcob&Atsl? 

Wcr hal von den ErEndTiriisiingtn JJenoert, Eider ill Aim«vacugc 
dcvfrlbcn gfwescn* 

Wcr ktfiml die EinwchncT, dw darueber trzsehlen kocnnen? 

Jede gtrmaehte Mrttcnluml darutbsr wird belobm 

A] It MitlPilungen *ind in Smolensk der deulsirhtlt PiAilfl, 
Muapumsstrasse 6 und ill Cni?5d£iwn der D«u lichen PrtUe). H"U$ 
Nr 105 (am BaflflhofJ i uiUsrndFJli . 
Efen 3. Mai JB4S FOSS 

Lrful^iint der FeldpoHEfiJ 

Die fittiehe BehaTuiiinaEhun^ wurde audi in der von dtn Dcui- 
iditn in drr Stadl Emflknsh heraniifiegPbenEn Zriiyng ,Dh Ncue 



Wfg" fHi 3S [157J VPPi ft. M«l ]S43| vcroeffenlliiiht 

Daw die DtfUtsdicB fuer da*: gemathtcn, ihnen ertorderljcJiKj Am- 

Mfien ueberdie Jtaiyn-AnfieiegeiihtiT" einc BelohriLing vfrrprtchen. 

erklitrten dip durch dii- S-andrrkomrmssion VPnmrftmtnfr ZcUgen 

i'Fid ELrwohner dtr StadL Smptfjisk: 

SOKOLOWA OI. FUSCHTSCHINA E.A,. BVTSCHKOW J.J, 

BONDAJElEW C T., USTINOW EF und ™le tnder*. 



DipSfsrtirltungiler Cr>ebtr von Kttyn 

Glrichztiug auf dor Sudw T)adi,.Z*-ufi*n ■ beEinne n die D»ulMft«n 
■-inrEn trorg^Hrnd^ Urotrciluw: Jer G rirtwr im W*1^ v»n KaUfl 
£n- Weanntn aJJf Dokumcntr, dtf ipaetcr aU mil A pril 15Hn d*li«rt 
; flt ,n jk jmi'Sor BcjI 'rtammlfrn, m 'icr 3 a vl 1 dw dculuHra fr">w>r 
CtWiachini Grrn-L-lil." dii- fSgjj ^' den Bo ladif vfjJuTi rrKJuwgcfl 
warden wren. iu* drr Kindling der v on ihncn eiyfrgsMftETi Fclcn 
zu gnlfenjpp. ebrflM Jillg BeWFHslwrf ii.-. die dt«r provolfHirisehtn 

IMT XXXIX 3U 



-116- 

(Hnre are thn 50Q Ruin in lafanrers ninim.igmg 
thrdugh iho packets ol 11. OOP corpses} 



S^il Endc 1941 bcfatid er jidi im deu Lichen Konxratrftllani Lapcr 
Iuet KrteiJSgefaTlgeiit in dtfr Stndt Smolensk 

An. fang-. M**;ri |ft|B war w mil giiKr Kplonrtc Kfjcfiterfarificncr 
VHMi~TW~ftfan.il hUg -, tk ; m~lji]6r r tn den Wal d_vqn Katyii bffocrdprl 
Wordrn Pari hat. 555 Jbncn. alien — dftrunliT anJcfr Jegorow — 
t dTohkn, dif Ciragbrr, in dcnrri Lo ichpn il l der Uniform jjplrnvr-hfT 
Offizicri' wjic.r:. a-u;,- uJiub'Jn. di cse-Lgichi L_d|!rL .Craebtrri iu 

Bchlnpturn und jus ihrij-n Tasditn idle Dokumfnte, Bi l ifer und and dtp 
a/nviffj *u. inlfcrnen Es war pi. ri'fi u bcfohliri woi'dfJK Tilth!* in <lf?n 
Tuschcft xiir jpckiu]aistn . Zwpj KricftEgrfanBene wurdpn trwhoiBpn, 
wfil tier deutichc Dtflzier bei den Lt'ichon rmcli trftend wpJche 
Papiinr find, nschdent £ie die Lfclthen nchan imlcrauchl h alien Alje 
im drn Klndrrn g nikjritrnjfech.cir DokumEnle und Bricfp yuurden 
ran_dvn drMtodi^ri Qfijziercn durriigeschtin Dan n wurd en die 
Jtrjjj gSeg'JjLnat'Tii-n. gczvrungcnt ejnen 1*g£I *ljeaer F^ crc^j^dgrht 
dj.g TjiSi'h^. 1 1 ^r 'Letch - :ciizuln-gGn , dip upbnKen^~~%u~~oiiT 

den Haufcn dsr ph Hern ten Ssdien und Dckummle ficrwcirfen und 
bald darauf tuedprgcforajiisl. Aus^enJETn ^'vrdgp irgflnd^'gldjej aur 
den ■mtl jyrbrachtp'n Klitrn un3 J\d^rrn~~ffij*J[leTi Papier^ "In 3jj 
|l ra ~~~~t~~^Lrj5u~r~~Er prilr>, <jffi:i<-re jrcltjM Allr Krirgl- 
JtPfllhgencjj wphnt-en im Wnlde von Katyn iii~TurcMb.axe.rt Ver- 
haeltniBstft Urtttf fleiprn HJmnn?! UJld WUrdm Klrrnj; bewtxhl 

Anf in— i April 1B43 wurden tile van den Deu Lschen vorgpsehenen 
Arbcttcn 2u Endp grfuehrt, da m&n die KrJtgdgclangenen fuer dip 

Daupr von drel Tagen tiLchi zur ArtuHl zu^ng 

In drr NacM wpck|p man »Jk- *llf und futhrte sie irgnrndwahLn 
Hit Waehe wurdp vtrAtaprkt Jeflnrgur hatle "Verdaclii und beobadi- 
t*?lp berondRro aufratrkfam alJt-s was vnr sidi ctng 5n* gin gen 5 bis 
4 Stunden ltn| ir, unbfkarmlcr HichLuiig. Im Walde ouf pin^r Wle« 
vor einer Crubc- bbeben jlp itph^n JGgQTaw aah. wie man tine 
Cmppe Kripss^pfangener von d*r ganzm McnscHenmnsAt trennte. 
biA EUr Grube VerfolgtP Und dann IUI sit pchon. 

Dlb KrjpgsigeJangeTitn wurdwi lufgercgt^ madhlen L^erm und ct 
kiiTn Bc-iv^gung in sic Nidll welt, Vt>n JtgDroW stueralen sich Etnifie 
KrtPisgpfangcftp a.uf die Waehp. di^ amkren Wadilmeialer rannttn 
auf diejw Stfllr 2U 

Jeporow benutile den Aupenbisck d€T Verwirrung und lirf in 
dip JQunkclheJl dee Wdldts. indem er hJnt«r *idi HuTp und SchuPHe 
hoeirtp. 

Nach diPipr lurchibarrn Ennrh]un|;. iiir itch wo?tirend meintfl 
eanzen L*bpns in nieJnem Gedaethtnia pinpraegl, bc-dauertt ieh 
Jejorow und lud ihn pin m mein Zimmer zu kommen, daunlt er sich 

erwftPrmLe und tidl verbrrgen kcisinnr, bis er rwu-e Krai>l1c jjesam- 
jnelt babe. Jpjjorow wllligtr febff nichl tin Er aa£tp, da^s ** hclllr 



IHT XXXIX Jl« 



-1 17- 

. TRANSPORT THOUSANDS Of BODIES FROM MASS GRAVES ALL OVER 
POLAND AMD BUAV THEM AT KATYH TO FRAME THE flUSSIANS fOR KATVN 



tU-UtBJt 

m d*r Nach: unbt>dine.t foriffinge, um die Fronllinlf m pjiFsirrpn 
Abtr ah dkcficra Abend i*rt er nichl forttftgaiigen. Am Morgan bribe- 
idh Ihn wiedtr in dcr SdiL-mw (jefunden. Wie pi ijdi hcrauistellte, 
hall* ex in ditr NsdH versuchl f ortzu gen en , nichdem pr ahcr fupnizig 
SchritLe gumicht finite; wurJt CT *thr tchwadi und war jgezwimfien, 
zumcckzukEhren Es war wahrschrittUcb dje Fulfil einej- d auernd irn. 
UntEresnacJiruriE im Leper und da Hungtt-llS waehrend der letzton 
1'9&* Wir bweh-UiwiMi, das or nodi ein Oder zwei Tajje bei mir 
blcibl, um ku KracUen iu kommen. Idi gab Ibm Essen urni pi tie « n 
die Arbeit, 

ALs icll abends zurutdtkchrle, hiibcn mir memo NflchbaTm.nE.n 
BARANOWA MARIA IWANOWNA umil KABArtOWSKAJA 
KATHER1NA VJKTOKOWNA, treat* 11, dais die deutaehen Pullslstcn 
WBehrend der SlreLTe In mcincr Scheune einen kricgs^cfaxigcnco 

RoUrmimtn ecu Jerk Un, den ait mLlr*ahmtn " 

Da nun In der Scheune von Moakowskaja einen Krisgagefangenen 
/refunden halle, wuriJe »e x-ur Gertapo vwgelsden, wo man tie des 
VcrilediEns ein« Kriegsgtfangenen besdtuldlgle. Wtthrcnd dcr 
VemehTnung in der Gcatapo Jeugneie Moikowtkaja ihre Beuehunc 
iu diejwm KrlegsgeTangenen »b und behauplele, alt wlate ueber 
H-Jnen Aufenlhall in Jhrer Scheune nldiU Da Mo&kowakaja Ihre 
Scfiuld nid:l bekannt hatlp uild da der Kri EgngcJaTLgcn? Jegorow 
Uukowskajn nicbl verrict, wwde ne von dor Gestapo frejgelasspn. 

JegoTOw tn aohlle M&tkowskajE audi, ditss pine Gruppp vqd 
Kriegsgefingeneji. die bu Walde von Kalyn irbdlplen, ausser der 
AusgrtiburiE van Leicnen aid? nudt damil bpsdie-gf listen, jjEJeheil 
Yfln andcren B tpjlen he.nu jcti n ften Pie hpraniiesdiafTlpn L-fidie'n 
wurdiTi iu&ammen mtt den vorhcr autre era bencn Leidien in den 
Crftcbcm ancehacuft 

Die Tatsaehe r da&& Pine grosae AimJil von Leldirn dpr von den 
tJpuischen *n andi-ien Slellcn Entchoi&enen in die Gr^ebrz von 
Kalyn befoorderl wui'dcn, wird durch die Auaaagen." d« liiggnleur- 
MedianLkon SUCHAT^SCHEW boilbPLigl. 

&UCHATSCHEW PJ". (Jahrgang 1B1B), lngemeur-lfecfaanlker 
vim ^RQaglawchljeb", der b*l drn Deulachea ale Maadunist In der 
SLadiTnuchk von Smolensk irbellete, midite am B.I QA 3 tin* Eln- 
£nbe mil dcr BJlte, ihn, vortuladen. 

Alj cr vorgelickn wurde, gab er an: 

_Emmal unierhi^lt Idr mich In der »welt«n Haelfie d*» Mpp™ 
WHS in drr fcluchle mil eineni dpuLachcn ChaufTeur. dcr pin wcniif 



Hu&tLsch behcrxKiite. Nariidsni *■ inch hcrmu£&teIllp T dass er Mehl 
fucr einen Tnibpeninl ins Dorf Sawriiky farthrl und una nntrhiton 
Tag nadi Smolensk ^uj-uwikomnil:. but ieh Ihll, Enldt mitlunchmcn. 



IMT XXXIX 3t7 



-lift* 



rtort wi hfltfis siting bodias lalliftg out af tha trucks and 
Napping all ovni thn road an the war to Kntyn . . 



um die MoeglichktH iu bobrn. Frltwarun zu kou(rn Pabci bcrurck- 
tidiiiglt tch, dau die Fabr! 1r elritnri d putsch en Krpfi. wagers fuor 
miels du Ftisiko ausniilje&st, auf dcr Pi si e^stt-] It fafigelmllen zu 
wcrden, 

Dpr d-eutsche ChQUfftur Wllligtr flJCf rinen Lahn tin, An dem- 

lelcvn Tig*. 1 , gtgtn 10 DO Uhr aUndt, lull re n wir *uf der ChauiHte 

Eiridluulc — Witr-b*V k*- 

Wir warm im Aula rwei ich und di>r ricuLbchu Chauffeur, Die 
Nadll War bell, dcr ^ond *chicn, abcr dcr Nubc! vcfhindcrir die 
SiChE. "UngefaehfT J2 — S3 km wcil vpn Smolensk war an etner ler- 
Hocrlen Bruecke cunt Kurvj* nvl piner zipmllch &lcilcn Bo<?5chun|j. 
lfc'ir fuhrpn von dcr Cliiy^we die Bc*SEhuiTg horunlrr und ds tauchle 
pkrclxJich nuu dem Neb*l «m Last" u to uwf Em^eder w*r dip 
Bremse in Unserem Auio niehl in Ordnung odpr war der Chauffeur 
ninJu *ehr erf allien: wtr konnten unser Lsptanto mcht bretnwn und 
d« di^wr W^g aiitmhdi schmnl war, $li#nen wir mH dem enleegen- 
kommEnden Aula maammen, TtQT Suinmmpnitos5 war nichl Etark, 
da en dem ChauJTe-ur des enlHejrenkQmmenderj Autos fidanr, aus- 
luvLii-idicn und. infulcedessen *ireifleri aich die bcldpn Soi leirwnende 
dcr Lafltwagen fiur De/ rntfic-fiL'nkommcridr LaBtWagen bluurzic 
Jfdoch sHlwacrLfc diu BuL'ldiuTiE hi nab Unswr Wagfn blkb itchm. 
Der Chauffeur und J iz] l alieflrn aut dem Fuehreraiti und fiJnfiEf] a,uf 
den hinabf cstucr^len Laslwagcn iu. 

li:h i-mnfaiid jilpgUlieh Elarkefi LfJ cherifiErtich. dec ■wahrEcbeinlich 

vpn dem Lsiwaeen l^m. kh ham r^Ur und sah. dass der ffi~n 
s:ci] nut nnrr Laal b^l^dl^n war v _iuH SfEdluch liFdfrirt und jnit 
S[ricl<t?n »qgCHhnufrt war. Dir_ -i; rjck<- j^Trrii.^n vnm Sturj und ein 
Teit d^r I-.asi fiy I hera-ns Da> wjf <-in c crflmamt- *—f^t 

£s waren Men«ftfn1frichcn in mLlilairJ jj-dn-T t- T ^jtcjtn Art dem 
LasTwagen Etandtn, wi* Jtit mlch erin-me^ G — 7 M ariij'/'darunt rr ein 
deUtfChnT ChaufTeur, iwc: mil Maschiniinpiritolen tk^wnlTnete 
Deutsche, die andtrnfn abfr warfn ruisi6che Kn^gsfj^fsngBne. da lie 
JulsiscJi spredirn und eniKpredipnd gt'kleid-fi waj-pn 

Die Dcutschen b«g«nnen nuf meSncn Chauffeur iu schimpisn. 



dann vemjchttn ale, dai Auto wicder auf die Rsedtr iu bringcn, 
Natri n*'n Minufen k*mcn iur ling 111 (kwtdle noch rwcl Lastwigen 
und hicH.cn dort. Von dieirn Lastwagen Jctun tin* GrupiK? von 
Peulschcn und ruswschen Kriegsgelangcncn - — inigesamt elwa 
if Mann— auf lieu zu, Mst vcmni<:n Krarfien brgannrn ti-ji, da* 
Auiu xu heberu Ich pre riff die Gelfgenheil und frogie- leise csnrn 

rtiiiifrcheTi K riegtgtf arigt' nen ■ „Was ill das? 11 EbcrL&o leiso antwor- 
leie er mlr;„ lehw^M^nj Efal. die niEviElr.p Nnehl w;r Echori die 

Lfichen in dl'Pl^frttld von Katyn iranspprlicren *• 

IMT XXX IK 316 



IN- 



Drr hinnbgcitu^ncit Lastwagcn war nodi nlchl aul^dhobi-n. *is 
hj mir und au mc-Jncm Chauffeur ein deulsdicr UnleroNUiej Iram 
und befahl, BDforl wciltTZufahren 

Pa under Wlgun kelncn emst lichen SdiKdefi tr]ltf«n hilti\ 
li-nkte der Chauffeur ihn winder huI die Chaussee and dinn Juhren 
wir weiter. 

All leh in den iwcJ pparter aneekommenini, mil einem Vprdtck 
(jcbentrficnsii Wagcn VOrbeifuhr, pmpfjjnd Irfi *Lnen abschrtdsmden 
Ltlchcngeruch" 

SUCHATSCHEW'S Aussigrn verdim durth die Auts^tn von 
Jvporow Wisdimir AlanasjEwitsch bcaiaeUgt, der in dor Okku- 
palionntit lm Djfnsi der F»ll2iil In drr EigenBthafl all Pchzlsl 

Jpfioniw sagle auS, dui *r Ende Mbetz Ufld in dm entcn Aprd- 
lupcn 1Q42 iciricm Diensi Fol^o leirtend, die Eruedte ah der Kreu- 
rung der Darnmstrasaen Mafckid — Minsk und Ernolenik — WUrbsk 

ucbcrtfBthl*. wiedcrholt nachta bt»pba<ih1cl riaeilc , wig In der fli.A- 
l ung Smolensk &ros-=.p nut Flftnen utberzogrnt: L^ wae-n vsrbci- 
rLlircn. von dctjJri Marker Leichcniicrlictl miSginj j. In dun Kabincn 
rkT Wftgfn Ufid c?b*n auf dem Verek-ck aasscn lmmtr irufhrere Per- 
jMirtEn, von Wclchtm clntfic Waff en trucen Olid jweifelaohne DetliachE 
warm. 

Ueber win* Bcobachlungcn berichtpte Jegorow dem Chef der 
Polizoiiltlle lm Dorf Arehiparwka, Cokiwnew KuimS DemjanO- 
vlt«h t d*r thm den Stat jab r daruebei m idiweigen und hiniu- 
fufgie: „Das gehi tins mchti an. wir biauchen un.5 uicht in die 
doultchen AnfiekgenhflEen in miBcJirn"" 

Derueber, doss die Dcutjtehen dtp LelcJlfl] mil den LmIwceeh 



hi den Wald von Ki\Wt\ UgnspprlicriCiy MJile audi JAiCOWLEW- 
SottOLOW FLOR MAKStNOWITSCH, Beborth IB%, der ehcrtisfige 
Acenl fusr VErtor£Lin£ d*T Kantitien de» SmolcnKkcr Trusts der 
Sjwiseb alien tuid der CneJ d« FohKibeaLrkt Kaljn waehrind der 
dvutKhen Ok K "patten aiu. 

Et 'bciichlete, dass er irJangi April 1043 pertoenlich b«*at*ilrt 
haetl*, wfe von der Chan*s*e tv* vier mlt Flanen ypberteaene list- 
tvagtn iuf denen mirhrert mil MaithintnpiitolEn mid mlt Gewdluen 
Ik waff nets Lsult- lliun, In d*n Wa]d Vffn Katyn cinbogen. Von 
tbcscvn Wigcn wir *ln starker LcK-henflenich tu ipugrfn . 

Aui alien atigeluchrtrn ZtuetnauslafiCd laesst sidi rc$iii«i*n, 
da 55 dip EteulAeh^n audi an anrif ren Slc lJcn Fal^n prachrmgii haben 
1 iidi.-rr. mc dtfn>n Uich*n im Wald v<m If jwh nuimniBninimiL jfltff- 
iulctgn die Dgutschcn rin drpifnch t? Zj^, ^tiIpju. alle 5&ure:> ihlET 
ficciien Missciolcn iu vtrw ischen, rwgiipns jjjg ihr* Vgrbnrdign 

IMT XXXIX M9 



Now canwi 13 pag» (ri "formic evidtnce" "quolad" in the ' icpori 
written by thH pmacirior; ih« only toriruk avirJenca at trial. 



iMuisn 



Act SowjctmMc ht zuzusiii n?bi: n und dritlcns, die- £ih| drr .,boj5ch{ j - 
v.'Jjllsmen Opfrr" in drn Graebprn dca Waldra Vm> Kftlyn iu Ver - 

-Be»Uhll|\ingf n" dei Crifbrr von Katyn 

im April 1843 tiheridon dip deiitwiien EJndringUnEp aille Vor - 
bcreilung^maaCTflhmcn an den Grai L bcrn Urn W^ldi- u<ju K.sLyn gi> 
IrolJi-n hnMcrij fiingcr, air- an die brpilr* AcMjtion in dcr Prt-Sm und 
cfurch den Hundfu.nk t Indcm lie verruchlcfi. die vtm ihtten gjlbst in 



dun kuefl&fiefiingrnen F<ilen veruebten Greudrittfn ri^r SiiwjetmacM 
^u^ugchi pbei] Efee_g)ne diesrr Meiboden ctcr prnvorieri'ndEnAfli uT- 
tian wjir dcr Vf>n di'H DcutLc hcj l veianSlallclo Bc-audi der Grabber 

■^ 1— r-"-i ■ ■ ■ i ■ -*>£-nl^V 

T fJHl_KatyN ffitL-jtf der ELrwobncr von Smok-rusk imd ihrer Urn - 
ggbuni*. eben^dfr -Del^g^n" jfrr Y ftt; jfffl dfUlBthcn EmrlrliiR- 
lingcJI besclitgn Tjtnd.tu IhnTTI In kenerLifrtHtiniLUTicgn ster-Ei nricn. 
Launder 

Due SQTtderkonimii»LOn verhoorit? cine Kciht- von ZEntf-nn,, dip *ich 
nn den ,„BpaichMjrungvn'' der Grabber von Kalyti bcLeilijripn 

Per ZrufipSUEKOW KJ>, FatoSafie-An&lorn, dfT In SrOOJfnjk in 
drr Eip,&ns4ibnfi ala EcridiucmFdizinisenerSDchYi'rElafTidifier urbe-itetp, 
tB£te ctfrr Sordcrk.CiiTHTii.rai or bus: 

_ Die Kindling der Lelchen, bewilder* dip SoidatenmArnlfK 

Stlefel und Cuerlel, ill iitlrJidi gul erhallen ifcbJieben. Dj* melp.1- 
Iciwn Stuecke dcr Kkidung. wie Rhemciudmalien. KnurpTp. Hakrn. 
Si ieftlnacgcl u.n u-&rtn tutJil vpclLig verrostet und Wheel tan 
ntrUenweift* den TnetBllenen GUni. J>ic dvr Ee*JchtiEiing zugnpng- 
lichcn Gpwebe der Leichen - — die Gewcbe des GeiichK dn Halses.. 
deT Hnende — wires vorwipgctid von graugruener Farbc, in ein- 
iE Inert Faellen f riubraun, tbtt pa gab ktlne vcvlligi! Zfirat'tjuftg der 
Gewpbe, ei gftb ktine Vcrwesung. In EiiiZpLfucSirri wnren pnibJwSSle 
Sehnen von weisalidicr Farbe mid cine Aiizahl von Muikeln sldilbar 
Wnehrend mrinri AufehLhUiU bwi dcr Ausprnbuii(; artwilelcn lllf 
dem Bodfin cincr litTfen Grub? Louie, die J if Leiden- Buwiuandf-C- 

nahnien und beriuBbelwrderten. Sle benueislcri diju £paten nnd 
Bndem Genet mid lie ergriflen die; Letthea mil den Hmenikn,. 
idil«ppten lie bei drti Armtn, Fueiftfrri und bti der Klcidung von 
Cirver Stell* Ztl drr Hndcirn In keinem etnjJfen Pull kpnnLe mar 
bcobachtcn. diss die Leldieri auseimndcrfifJen odtr dasa lidi 
einielne Tptte won ihncn loetten 

Mil Huecknchl tuf du oben Erwaehnte kam icb iuj" Sdiluw^ 
foli^rung F dm dip Verjaehxuiigilriil des AuJ«ttthalL»i dcr Leichen 
Ift der Erde keine drei Jahre — wie die Denlaghxri behauptpttin— 
•otiddii vltl wenigtr betragcii mu**ic Da Sdi *piKE, daai die 

IMT XXXIX 120 



MADE IN RUSSIA - THE HOLOCO$T 



Return to MADE IN RUSSIA THE HOLOCO$T PART TWO 
Return to CONTENTS PAGE 



The Website of Carlos Whitlock Porter 



A21- 

BOIL THE FAT FHGM 40 MALE AND FEMALE HUMAN BODIES 
FOH 3 - 7 DAYS TO GET 25 KI10S OF SOAP 

ii r<h. m 

of master* to exterminate peoples. AH these murder* were- planned 
in cold blood. All these crimen, unprecedented In scale. w*re carried 
out at exact dates set for this purpose. Moreover, as I showed many 
times before, a special Technique was Invented for Hie max* killing* 
und for the tuncejlmenl of the traces of their crimed 

But, besides, this, there is another characteristic in the many 
crime* committed by the German Easciula which makes tbem even 
more detestable. In many caaes, the Germany having killed their 
victims, did not slop here,, but made the corpses objects of jeers 
and mockery. Mockery ol the dead bodies of victims was common 
practice in all extermination camps- I remind the Tribunal that 
Ihe bones which had not been calcinated Wtfi-c said by the, ^irna n 
fascists Wiht- firm Siierr The hair of the murdered women was 
cut off. pjti'jfi-J i~ '^.i.jL-- prees-L-d and jwh". la Germany 

Among the same crimes arc thane on which I shall n&w submit 
evidence. On numerous occasion*. 1 have already painted out that 
the principal method used to cover up the (.races wai to bum the 
corpses, but the same iwtse.. rationalized SS technical minds which 
created gas chambera and murder vans, began deviling such methods 
of complete Bnnihllaiion of human bodiei, which would not only 
conceal the traces of their crimes, but also serve in the manu- 
facturing at certain product*. 

In the Dinzijf Anatomic Institute semi-industrial experiments. In 
the prndLictiL>ri at soap from human bodies and the tanning ol 
human iKui lor industrial purpose w _ c _ r ^ carried put I submit to 
Ihe. Tribunal, as Exhibit fcurnber UB£J*-ifl7 (Document Number 
USSR- 1 971. the testimony ill one nf the direct participants in the 
production of soa p From human fat. It Li the " testimony '"f.SigTnunn 
Matur, who waa a laboratory assistant at the Danrifi Anatomic 
I nil; lute. 

T omit two page* of the ita lenient and; turn to. Page 3(13. I begin 
the quotation— It is rather long, but I think 1 shall have the neces- 
sary time (or the presentation, pf the evidence, and I beg to draw 
the attenlion of Your Honor* to this quotation: 

m Q: ''fall na how the suap wag made aut oEJyujTijiri_j^_aL-L!lJj__ 
Danzrjt Anatomic Institute 

"A: 'in the courtyard of the Anatomic Institute ■ one-story 
atone building nf three rooms was built during the summer 



of 1043. This building wo erecti?d for_thg uUllutJori ot 
human bodica arid for the boiling oE bones . Thli w« bH- 
daily announced by Professor Spanner, This laboratory 
wu called a laboratory lor the fabrication or skeletons, the 
burning of meat and unnecessary bunt-a. But already durlnR 
the winter of IG41-44 Prnfessnr Spanner ordered us to eolith 



IHT VII *&7 



-122- 



II Frt- « 

human tat and not to thrTi-y it away , This; order was given 
lo ttiiicJien 2nd Borkmann 

" "In February 1944 Professor Spanner gave me the recipe for 
the preparation of soap from, human fat According lo this 
recipe 5 kilos of humgn fat Are mixed with JO liters of water 
Uld 5M Or 1,000 grams uf caustic soda. All this ts boiled 2 or 
3 hours atlcl Itien cooled. The atiap fltfalfi U> the surface -while 
th-e wat&r and other sediment remaen si the bottom. A bit 
of salt and aoda is added to this mixture Then fresh water 
La added, and the mixture again boiled 2 or 3 hours. After 
having cooled the soap La poured Into molds.' ™ 
I will present to the Tribunal these mnldj Into which in* soap 

was poured. Further I shall prove that this haU-flnl&hed tampfe ot 

human soap was really found in Damlg 

"Hie SOdp had an unpleasant odor Id order to destroy this 

disagreeable odor, Bciutilaldehyd was added," 

I omit the next part of the quotation, which explains from, where 

they received this preparation. This is of no importance At this 

stage, and I continue the quotation on Page -364, Paragraph 4- 

"The fat of the human bodied was collected by Borkmmn 
and Retchert [ boiled the soap out at the bodies of women 

and men. Tin* prticcs* of boiling along tods jCTiiTaT'days^ ' 
from 3 to 7 Pur In;; two manufacturing prjreiajies, in which 
I dini^tly partkipjt^d, rn^j-re lhan 25 kPLgriTnis of jioap were 
produced. The amount < human tat necessary far there tw<v 
prpc^^gs . wa j 7» lq lio kilograms wllectedTr^j^lmejjr bo^JM-' 
The Hnuhed poup ths-n went Ic- Professor 5panJWf7wKo*ept 
it personally - 



" i ne ■work tar ui& production or wap from human pofljea ftaa, 

UJTtir M i know, pliso Lgtcnatud Hitler*]! Government. Iff 
Analo-nilc Institute was ylatted by the Minister of EduiTritiofl , 
R.uat; the R^jch^esundheitgfuhrFr" "Doctor the Ga~ 

k-Urr of Danzi^i Albert Forater, as w^J ^J^irtifessora^ 

otner meoAcai institutes, 

luman soap for nvy pemunal needs, for toilet and 
for laddering. Fur mysef] I took 4 kilograms of this aqap^ 

I gmli one paragraph and continue ihe quotation, 

"Reicher t, Barkmnnn, Von Bargen, ind our chief professor.. 

Spanner, alio personally uaed thia BMP," 

I omit the following paragraphs and conclude the quotation on 

Page 3fiS, tram where I shall read one paragraph which concerns- 

the industrial utilization, of human skin: 

"In the ifljM way as (or human- fat, Frofeswr Spanner ordered 
ui to collect human akin, which titer having been cleaned of 



IMT VII 



m 



II T*b. M 

fat was treated by certain chemical products. The work on 
human ikin was carried oui under the direction of the chief 
assistant., Von Sargen and Professor Spanner hLmiielL The 
'finished' akin was packed in boaes and used fo r special pur- 
poses which i dun't know ," 

t now aubnuL to the Tribunal as Exhibit Number U5SR-1EH5 
(Document Number USSH-l&B). the copy ai the recLue for soap 
produced from the corpies. of the executed. I will not dwell on this 
recipe which ls identical to that which haa already beeti described 
in Macur'fc testimony. But the. proof of the fact that this recipe U 
correct* Your Honor*, can be found in Mazur't record, which has 
already been submitted Id the Tribunal under Document Number 
USSR-Lfl7 r r will ant quota this record- In order to prove that the 
record: of Waiufi Interrogation comapondi to reality, I ahall now 
itubmLt_lfr Lhts Tribunal two documents which nave faoeri "kindly put 
at Our disposa l. They ore rrcorda o! sworn htrilyffienL^ by t--vC 
British, prjionara dF war ; In particular that of Julia. Henry Wilton, 
a soldier of i he Koyal Sussex Regiment. The document k submitted 
lu the Tribunal sa EUhibit Nurnh er USSR-afl4 . < Document Number 



U5SR-2G4) The meTnbers of the Tribunal will find this quotation 
In paragraph 5, Page 49^, of the document book. I quote i very 
short excerpt from this record, if the necessary time is granted to 
me This ii Page 3ti7. I quote: 

* The corpses arnved at an avcragB of seven to eight per day. 
ATTU them tind been beheaded and wore nak rd. They arrived 
sometimes in a fCei"Crxm wagon 4»ntnLmng Ave to six corpses 
In a wcoden case and sometimes In a small trade which con- 
tained three to four corpses." 

I omit the next sentence 

" The corpses wen? unloaded as quickly as passible .and taken 
down jntl* tine cellar, which wat p-ntcTcd From J e^Jl" dour in 
the naaln" entrance- hall uT In* Instituted 

I omit the next sentence 

" They were then put (nto large metal containers where they 
were- then lett Ear agprpKimatety ^months^ " 

I omit the next, thret seninnteg and continue Hie quotation; 
" Owing to the prrserv alive mixture in which they wfrrc BUh-imjV 
this Itteug carni? away from the bones very easily- The tissue 
was L»3T-n put intri a boiler atafl"t the _iii£ "of a small kitrJie n_ 
(able, ..Alter botl.nR the liquid 11 wja put into while- trava 
JiT~V.l twice Ihg jiizejif a sheet of foolscap and about 3 cenTT- 
rmrterg dee^*— These- were the baJins wkiiJl 1 have already 
shown iha Tribunal— •■App™ima.U:ly it to 4 tray Jul* per Jay 
ware obtained from the mochlnp" 



IMT VII 5M 



-124- 

(Every one ol the documents and exhibits 
menlianad has disappeared.) 

II r on. h 

This witness himself did not witness 1 the application of the goae* 
tout T am submitting to the Tribunal ai tlxhlbA Number U55H-272 
(Document M umber U5SR-272}, the written testimony of a British 
citizen, William Anderson tfeely, a corporal of the Royal Signals. 
The member? of the Tribunal will find thi* excerpt on Page IBB 
of the document book. Volume 1 I bejin the quotation: 

" The COrpMS arrived al an average rate at £ to 3 per day. AU 
of them were naked and most of thvm had been bchea'ded." 



I interrupt the quiUlahor;-"] omit two paragraphs and continue 
Ihc quotation: 

"A machine for InE manufacture of soap was Completed some 
lime in M4rch or April 1944 The British ariiorkcrs of war liud 
constructed toe building in which it was housed In June 1&42. 
Ttu? machine iiseli was Installed by a civilian Ann from 
DaiLilg by the name at AJRD. It consiated, ns far as j remtfm- 
bar, of an nla? trie ally heated lank jn which banes of the 
corpses were mixed with ■omc ad3~aQd\rtcked down 
tmk process oPmeUing down took about £4 hoars The 
fatty portions of the corpaea and r^rfcicuja rly |bpne ot females 
were put Into a crude -enamel tank, healed by b couple ~ 
rfrjhien bumen ^ome ICLd was also used in this pracesi. 
"[ think it was caustic- soda. When boiling had been com- 
pleted, the mixture was allowed, to cool and then rut into 
blacks far microscopic examination.* 

I CQhtiULit' th» quotation from the following paragrnplft: 
"I cannot estimate the quantity produced, but J saw it used 
by Daniigen lit cleaning tablei in the dissecting rooms. They 
til told me it was excellent soap tor thi* purpose." 
I submit hall-ilnished pod some jmjJftWjj ioap. (Exhibit US5R-3&3} 
Here you shall bbc a uruiLl pTiice of finished soap, which from 
the exterior, after lying about a few months, reminds, you of 
ordinary hour-u-bkld soup . I give It over to the Thbuuul. Beside 
this i nViw submit lo the Tribunal the samples al sgttii-tann^d 
human Akin (Exhibit USSR-J94), The sample* which I now submit 
prove tnaTthe process of manufacturing toip was already com- 
pletely Worked out by the Institute o( Damig, ar, to the skin It 
■till looks like ■ *ami-rlnlshed product. The akin which resembles 
most the leather used In manufacture is the one you see on lop 
at the leiL Sr> one can consider that the experiments on Ihr 
industrial fabrication of snap from human fata were- quite com- 
pleted in the DanxEg Institute. Experiment! on tanning of human 
akin were still incomplete and only the victorious advance of the 
Red Army put an and to thia new crane of the Naaia , 

Gentlemen, J have now to submit to you only one more piece 
of evidence, which ii the last among the proofs concerning war 



IMT VII 



125- 



u J*b. <* 



crime* againit the peaceful population present* J by the US5H- 
Frosecuuon. Besides, certain wllnesfiej may arrive her* from 
the Soviet Union who may testify concerning the points which I 
have submitted I will beg the permission of the Tribunal to 
examLne these wlmesies after the presentation of further evidence 
li finished. 

Before submitting my last proof, t beg the Tribunal to allow 
me to make a few cone lust ve remarks. 

The lengthy hat of crimei ■ gainst the peaceful inhabitant* or 
the temporarily occupied areas of the U.S.S.H-, Czechoslovakia-, 
Poland,. Yugoslavia, and Greece cannot be exhausted even in the 
most detailed statement. One can wily point out a, few very 
typical cases of cruelties, of base and systematic methods adapted 
by the major criminal* who hid conceived these crimes, as wall as 
thoae who executed these crimes Those who are now in the dock 
have freed from *the chimera af ao-calied conscience" hundreds 
of thousands and millions of criminal! They educated these 
criminals and created for them an atmosphere of Impunity and 
drove their blood-thirsty hounds against peaceful citizens. They 
mocked at human conscience and setf-rflspect, But those who were 
poisoned In murder vans and gas chambers, those who were torn 
to shreda, those whoair bod Lea */cre burned in the ovens of crema- 
toria and whpse ashei ware strewn to the winds, appeal to the 
conscience of the world Now we cannot yet name, or even 
number, many of the burial places where millions of innocent 
people were vilely murdered But on the damp w»Us of the gas 
chamber?. In the places of the shootings, in the forts qf death, on 
the atones and casemates al the prisons, we can still read brief 
message* of the doomed, full of agony, calling: for retribution. Let 
the living onoa remember these voices of the victuna of German 
fascist terror, who before dying appealed to the; conscience of the 
world for JuaUce and for retribution. 

As a last prpot I submit to the Tribunal the scri pt and the 
awom a ifrfavit of the persona who assembled and made this docu- 
mentary film. I beg the flribunal to accept as evidence this docii^_ 
mentaxy A im 'jPpeumetU Number U55BW I ■!» beg, tbe Tribunal 
to allow. I f possible, a abort recess— about 10 mlnubes— for the 
technical preparation of the. demonstration of these document*. 

I A trccts DOM luJcen.J 

Tda COUNSELLOR SM1RKOV: Your Honor, may 1 have per- 
mission to present now the documentary ev:dfcnce'J 

{Tht documentary gm mHtled. "The Alroctltei by the German 
Fatciit Uvadcrt in tAC U.S-S-R.." Uifll then .thOwn.l 



wm 



ui 



-t26- 

With one exception, eveiy out: of the 
humnn soap" rlfltumnnti has fli&appcarad . 



FDOLSda — IIUA 

UftHR-uo GMbhtls 1 jpwch, 10 ficioher 1042, cwnmerHtna on c*Diuj- r of 
SqvJ*l Teiourcei (VSlhinbrr fl>^jn*r*r of lli October liHl) . ,. V] I- 343 

L'SSll-r53 JntrT7T>r.a^inn& ol Genera.! Uihr, 34 Wtny and, D June IHi 
npcrtiUDTin BgaLrnl Vuioalavla , VJI-HiHi, 237 *. 

US bit. 254 Farm uiKd in requesting forced JnbfrrofiaLLona. -VII-M0 

Oh&II-IJS Porters announcing lite shoollng of hoala^e* . r . VJI-&34 

tJ&SK-SM Certified report daled Maribor, 2\t June IMS, with lift of 
vkctami ihnt by occupying forcea . . XX-IB3 

US8R j E£l Photo* lallc copies of pos-ten Announcing; the pboollne of 

hQitfleet...vn-!iia 

UfiSR-HVJ Notifc- of dcstruclEun of the ViHaae Of Audrini , .VITI-lJV 

UgSK-Ul Lntfrnwa'iion ol Welter Wirllmnnt of 13 November 1B45; 
"Plan BarbarasfiB n VIX-14D 

rSSR-MlJH;ii| IntermgaUun of Walter Watiimont of IJt Novembtr IM? 
■hooting of priBorifcfi of wut , VII-i6J.3G2 

liFSR-^H Affidavit or John Henry WrHuti, | January 3tM*, regardmt 

frinti'jfactm-e oT ao&jj fi^m nurr.^ri fnt .Yll-Sga 

Cfi5R-2fi6 Mrmorandyrn tPHfrrnint Httier'i rcccpllen, 21 JfchiOSirj 
103B, ol the Csech FomJfin MiniTslpr , . r YI1-2] 

USEX-lfll Kerard of idtphpn* rrenvrrKitlon of a leader of the Vollcn- 
deuUche MLtlrliL-Hlr. 72 September 1DM, and the Govertinienl La 
Brf)in, rvfnrdinc the Sudi'icndrulhchc P'rclkorpa . VJI-2CW 

rSSIl-Kfifi Memorandurri of lnl«YirW between Lorehi tmd HcttleSn. 
9 Juiir 1939: lur Sudeten queaUon. ... VI 1-707 

t1fi$F.?lB Lorcnz memorandum on JnlervLew with Ward Price, S June 
lirafl: fienlein'a nep;olUitJon4 In Cohnrrtinn mflh lh* SudtiLcn German 
oueallon . VJJ-2ErT 

USSR *7l -27*1- |<!i (Sh USA-PS) Kolea of * COnfffelirt. IS March 1S3B. 

on Sudeten Grimm question!. Vjl-VOI 

CB5H-372 Affidavit *f William Andrrron N*ely, T January JIHB 
mannfactury pf_?>yj. - frigm. human Jet . I'T-EQP 

4iK5R-tT« Report of the E*trti Drain at? State ConunJiilnji on crJmiM. In 
the dly of Vl*lm* and oihen in the !>mci]th*1t reglofl . - , Vl I- 533 : 
V11I-10Z, 111 

■I rJlBR-IP3 Memorandum (10+41 by thr Upper SiJniui Institute for 
EconHJfnie ReBeaveh" H tfs»? lmport*nCc Of Ihe PolJah problem iOT 
arminwnt rtonctrriy in Upper EL]«irti"; Polish worliifn in the pditeru 
*trip of Lijjpcr SJleaLn Hv* In extrem? poverty; In ord&h to Lncr««*e 
their working eapaclty In ihe Entrresl of German wir wonftmy ihey 
mutt, If pomible, receive the name food ft* ail other worker* in 
Or rmany . . . VII I -344 

V55R-U4 *1H-PS Secret unalaned DOle <m tonfdience In Rovno frcm 

SO to 2d Auj(u*l 1DI3 LniTodLni apecch by GAulelUr Koch to thr effect 
that Ihe Uhraine muni be explulred to Ibr limit WJthuut rcfiird tti 
the needs of the local poputatJon ,. , V7II-22 

ITrtSR-SK *3SS'Ffi Extracts from report! made to fhtr Ketch Corn- 

rr\lBHOnt?r far the Ukraine and the ConuniuLtoncr General for 



Zhitomir. November and December 1W5. on looting by German Iroopt 
and thrh J nonlile KUiludE toward U*e German ClVlJ Administration 

...vxnoa 



IMT XXIV m 



127- 



The confession" ■■! 'human soap maker' 1 Siymuml Maiur 
(spelled 3 drffeienl ways) his disappear id . . 



MM. WCB. — UBHt 

of Uie rrrftfan and military economic wfanlnUrtntionai renewed urgent 
rpqucrt for the riecMun nmn.Js«) 3 Drccrtibcr IMS - - - V11I-30 
■DBSR-lTJ File memorandum (rom the Flaff of th* Four Y*(tr Flan ew 
9 diiicu*iiLtiii In the Peidr Food Mtnirtrj, S< November 10*1, €»H»rn- 

in* the ir^mg al Soviet priionen oJ wiriwi civilian ™J*« . Jf 
GermBnv. All*cb*A tahte ol Ihr food ration . VI 1-351 F 151; 

xvhm«.»d 

•VBHft 1TI Letter from Kal tanbrunner l* RibbenUfOft 30 June 1B4J, 
c™nrrrmrifl im.wnd.LnBj poTl.EincnlaTy *1bcUiHI» In Irfcrti German* a 
*»'» Of LnfhWinr the cltettom in competition with Errand W4 
Ftiisli rnancv |or bribe* nartad f«<m the German Foreign OH,» 

for thli purpose... VU-27S;XI-3M 

*DBSH-1TB LPtlcr from RcientrerB 10 Gorfne, 34 January I"«i bi 

urir.rtpJ* Ottrint ter-Eented S P«ember 1W5 to Hoienberf ' E pn^Bal 
to tTBieret the economic Bdmin titration in ill occupied trrntonee io 
the Ministry 0* «»• Ea*t h but beU«J for porfpfliwnieiil; In view ol rhe 
urgent of iha iklualion. Hc-uenherS -w/likes to have SJ ttETicuJtori] 
Jeadera declared "IftiJliiwnrtblH" knmediabEly ,9™"" J™SEl 
14 i'ebntHry 1&41: (urt^tr poBtpaUfrment till final clarification Of Hue 
operational mtuatian , . . Yil 1-3& 
•11SSH-H& Draft far report to CUruia by Undar-Secretary »»«££ 
8 tfenmbcr 1^: Eosenber* rcau^U the dilution of £« /^II 1 ,^: 
« or «m1c olfieefc I" th e E**l and or the Economic Stall tell; KJ™ 
recommends creation of an acnnomlc attff for oil oecup ed tB ™^« 
and the d I solution of th* economic dliritlyn Ifi the Ministry 01 tta 

Ban.^Vin-aT 

tiSSTl-lUt ln(etroaat!tm of Friediidi Faului. 13 January IWO: milltaTy 

collaboratJoTi bclwtfn. Hungary and Germany ... Y71 -236 
IJESK1E] Tranicftpl of cffnvermtkin betweeo AntOjieH--u and Von 

DfirnbGJX. 1* FEbrwnry 1942, re&ardini the TransylvanlBri ^ueitkin 

...Vll-323 
CS«£ 11& TrJeiram lo the PuhrrT^ 1 Eeptomber I03B. on tha Danzll 

qurstion . . VII-+J8 
V&SK-lal. Order dated 11 fiepUmbcr IM4 to earrj out Hie "puree" of 

Yugoslav VtHB|CB . . i V1I-MI 



__ r i i. 



]*Ju>r oi LoweF SSyria.: reprisali *n4 nesettlrniervt - - XX-lOipTLAJ-* " 
USSR -193 Ezlraclii from realitcr of the hospital at Camp aniwyalit* 

war EB]|rt4fc-- Va-*S1 
■resit- lA4 Order. JO June 1*42, /or withdrawal *f acirfi8kr*d 1 itkBali.!t] 

currency in Yugoslavia ... Vlll-H 
pSMl-llS MLhutffl of wmferenrt, i June 1H1. at tfw Grrmtll LcB»tinm 

In Eagrcb: Tt»efU*inent of Slovenci »E»d Serb* r -,vII 1-25* 
•065*1- IK Officii nnlr from the AfiilnmJc- tlutltpU In Uo^B V} 1 " 

ftHweri Htlnn for the manufactur e rf «oaP from fhltimn) ffll "Hir-P"- 

Ser» h " ft February ll»i . . . VlMJtt 
Li SSn-lffT STfllrmcni i>| gv g miiMi Mnmr: prr-dottJOJi ol Kilt) tr*™. 

UGfifi SM Photoitatlc copy Of poster KuiouridnE. ElioeUrtt P* InlwbllaJii* 

in the *Ula*e til Bh«lB, Sert)l*.,-VII-BS*lVlIM30 

IMT XXIV "6 



. , . Ifu human soap samples have disappeared; 
the I Aimed human skin samples have disappeared 

patm BOtaL-r- nu 

VHSK-STS *]SI-F5 Order from EJumtrstab Reianberf to HaupltLnjari- 
tGhrer SLhuelJe^ S3 AugUtf 1&M, qonramlng njmovnj of imporljjH 
cultural Objects from the Eaitem Tefritoriea to the Reid) . . . Vfll-JT- 

KJ-491 

USSR -Ml 'The SlruUlt AgaLnat Vivisection." (CftUu'i Sfr/.;'-*, 4*j 

n&Sfl^STB GuJ4lna principle* or the Nazi repine (excerpt from rJW 

IWh a/ iJr*/fnrri(ifl by Hermann Rauaehrdnit ■ . , VTI-+Cf; X1V-51D- 

US5R-17S MJUK Report of the EUiyel RriJanJc Government to Ui* 
TMT.j , VTI-523; vm-iai, I3fl; XI-435 

Ua4V~179faj Obriju'i directive pf 10 January IB*] eoncimbifi UUCL*. 
Eton of manpower, .. VTT I-Hl 

"US51-311 Letter from the EcotiGmJc Stall East to German offlcnn In 
HuflLa, 28 Jumjaiy 10*1: transmittal tif Coring'! decree, 10 Januaiy 
IW2. with directive! for the allocation Of labor; reference lo ihi- 
imparlance of recruJlLni Soviet labor and request 1i) Increase r-f 
nec*a**fy P to the utmnst) the severity pf measure! cervinf thJj 
purpose . . . VTJI-Hi 

•USfiK-WZ Letter from SauLfcet to Rusenberg and to the Ecnnomk 
Staff Ea»L. St March 184,1. and latter of the asm* dale to the chief* 
of the recruiting Gommiiaionj : the "Soviet instruction" for thw 
recruiting of Soviet tabor L* MXeptetl, request to triple the reniUi 
of recruiting In the Counn nt thp following- month- Letter from the 
Economic Staff East to Led afflcei in Ruula, e April l9*2 t peniptf on 

Ihm InrTninMnnn VTT1..I44 



O-UHhli U. I_ k I IbP J.I D 



trflSS-WJ Sauckel teWCr, B September ISH2, «mrernln| uUlLwlton of 
deported women worker j . . . VtJ fcj 44 ; XV- 1 S3 1 Xnm 09 

USSR-US Photograph! of executions, elc VT1-550 

*V89&~WL Gorknl'l directives, t November I Ml, for the Ubnr af 
Soviet prisoner* nf iv*r and free worker] ■ uie of both group* fur 

both ci"li arid military project^ food to bi uifncstnl, but Gcrma*! 
food ilandan** not to be applied* In |tfnct»1, punishments to be 
•Jthef (£>orf restriction^ or nxrcuUon bj court-martial ; ■ no foiiirtni; 
of "social trnprarameab 1 ' In "colonJal ftuttlJL-i territory* .,, VTIE-131; 

DgSR M* Bl [See U£A-7», ■;«fl-PS> Fttotocrti phi of BueCutionj. etc. 

USSH-193 Bamplti ol tup from humin bodlea r - Vlt-TOO 
T33H1J-HH Sgctiaiu of bunwi akin _VlJbiflP_ 

US3R-3SS Decree uf Rosenberg, I? February 1 843, on lupplcnuHtinQ 
penal directive* for the Occupied Eastern TtrrltoriM - . . Vnt-Hl 

-U3$ft-OT CprnmufiJcttton from the chief of the Security FoUce and 
the 5D In L*tvJ4 to th* refiBlrmr In RJla. 19 May 1942,, concerning 
the death of 386 Incurably; Lrmane perum on M Januiry 1041 >■ 

■CJA5H-39I Communication tram the chief of the Security Pallet and 

the SE m Latvia to the »a;[itn.r in Bit*. 15 March IM3, coflcerrtlnij 
the death o( 38 Incurably Loune pcnrotLa. 13 October 1D43 , .. YTli-3'* 

VSSH-i0i) Memorandum. 11) December UMl, from Lt. Print, ehirf "* 
Lhe Schutipolizel At Ubau. regarding; the flcrUiialLan O* * iyptf 



IKT XXIV in 



-1 29- 
Th e Human Snap Ratine" does no I contain lhe ward "hiimiin" 
that h-is been added by the danslator . . 

m' ij'Mmijm 

Artfcrderungen tch CitwrtraHe- dJe&e Auf^ahp pinpf iuj VErtreteoii 
der WirtschafMichen Fach rc5w rts su bjJde-ndc-H DieraatotelLe 
^AllgemeiTier WLrtschaftislali fur dat bewtzterc. Ge-bit-le M 

2-.) Uer AUjjeiTieLne- Win^cJiuftEstali fur dm beaetztcn, Gtblfete lal 
errnlith-tijit, in meinem Namen die erfgrdetlidhen An c-rdxiiimiic ^ 
jry, treffen £.r ist an meme ffgiBunpsn und an tbc Entichci- 
dujTRcn dec Zentrnleri PUnunji H^bunden, 

3 J D*rt Wirtithalt Lichen Fui'breiittrti blcJfclt d&r unmitteltiarB 
Geschjf f taverh.S'h r tnLt den birseUKlen G-etjieCE-Ti in EinEplfra^eni 
Unbtfrtiimirnin 



■4.) MJt der rihru/ig des Ailgerneincn Wirt*chaftss tabes beauftrajjc 
lefa dejn General cl.Inf Stapl h der gLeidiTeiti^ Im AJ Jjtem-e Lire a 
Wi rtsch altastab die irtLMiriJcften Fo f derun gen des OKW imd des 
QKH-Gen Qu — vtrJrJtt. Uim stehen Chefgruppen sur Ver- 
liigung, ru. dcren Lei tern. Jch die beteiUgl-en Fachressorts Beamte 
AbiuatriLen buLE. OKW und DKH-GenQu — warden erlorder- 
lidiL-afiilis die □iilwi-n Jjg^n MJlU4Arrerwallung*beam.len U*Wi 
rnir Verfii^utig stelLen. 

5-} Teh [eff-e Wert darauf, da a der Appara.1 au kltiin. WLe rattgli-di 
gehalEen urtd d.ie Arbeit mibLiralcratiach gcatallel wird. 

fl-J Die "weiteren Em7*l heaten regett StoaLas^kretnr Knmer im 
Ei tivernthmc-n nut dtin bflteiLigtm Di*instEte]]en- 

7 J G-encrdJ Stapl b'jnctitct mtr bii lum ......,-. uUr 

die Aulstellungdcs StabcS 



DOCUMENT IJh LSSK 

OFFICIAL tfOTK-PAPER FROM THE ANATOMIC INSTITUTE IN 
DANZH1 WITH PRESCRIPT EON FOR THE MANUFACTURE OF SOAJ 1 
FROM IHUMAM "FAT REMAINDERS' DATED L3 FEBRUARY 1JJ-3W 



BF.5CHHEIIJWC: 

Ahfii'-iiriiadMrs InsiiLut Daazig, den. 15 FehrLLar 1W4 

der Medmniachgn AkademiH D^Sbl tickaJlee 7 b 
Dlroktor: Prof, Dr. R_ Spanner Fcrnsprteher 27741 . Ncbe/tMellc Z99 

SelferLheraleELung anidflFettreaten 



10 — 1ST Pri Felt 
10 Liter Wasser 



7f 



1MT xxxix -*«a 



-130- 

With Ihfl turn dI i pane 86 documents having 'probative value M have rils&ppesrerl 
including 2 'human soap' documents, vet rha churls wore upheld 

■MtM 



lOOQ Grit mm NatftralaUEt fN*tro!fH;trn filr Kemitif#J ftder 
(.1000 Gramm Kaliumoxyd tuz Ekhmi-erseife), 
eine Hand veil Suda im TTnpf a EtrJ. kodwh. Danu eine reidilidiE 
Hand vott Koehsalz> etwas kacben unri ersSarr>crL lassen Die 
eretan-Ce QbcrflUch? wird flbg*fiinnimen r Mn]cnnlttL'n und mil 
1 — 2 Ltr Wasffir nochmsl 1 12 — 2 Std gakotftt. Aussjefen in 
fUdie Schnlun msd eratorren I assert, In 'Stildee SdhneLden tutt. 
Gtbrauch. 

Die vorn *raten Erkftlten lurilcfcb Lu4ben.de Laug? kann in 
Verduimunj Sura Rein i gen verwandt warden 

Urn den unflrigeTv^bmiui Gerudi m Aborts uben,lcajm man dtr 
Seife vur deni Erstan-En Diiitn GemchstofT i.B- Be-nzaSdthyd 



DOCUMENT aSS-USSR 

MEMORANDUM «l»4i BY THE UPPER SILE5IAN INSTITUTE FOfi 
ECONOMIC RESEARCH ON "THE IMPORTANCE OF THE POLISH 
PROBLEM FOR ARMAMENT ECONOMY Of UPPER SILESIA'': 
POLISH WORKERS IN THE SO-CALLED EASTERN STRIP OF UPPER 
SILESIA LtVE TN EXTREME POVERTY: IN ORDER TO INCREASE 
THEIR WORKING CAPACITY IN THE INTEREST OF GERMAN WAR 
ECONOMY. THEY MUST IF POSSIBLE RECEIVE THE SAME FOOD 
AS ALL, OTHER WGHKERS IN GERMANY 



SF-SCHREIBUNr,; 

n^lH.*d» DrndiPditlft.POCI»lENTA OCCUPATION!* TEUTONIC** : l-MFMO 

real hi oiF BFPFTiTnfVfi n?s POLFW-PHOHLFMS FUH OIF «mT.W££ 
WllTTSCIIAFT OBEHSCHLFSSF^, WYDANV PREEE .OBFH5CHLE>+tSCHF5 
IPKTTTUT FCW WrRT5CHAFT5r'QB<tf HUNG'. OFB AVOWAL FJR K, M ?^ 
SFIF5ML5KL PttfNAN 1915". 219 Seiitn Im Qnmrnrmii, lUron 5,37— 20> * 
itrr DM*k*(hrift im dcu i nJi en T, »i>T G. 3T V Art TltrL«l[* in* Ji It- ZwJids**- 
litoLn eipJ>l ildl fflljrnilri 

I nil ill »T C |-HM*luiii 

JL ZIFL9ETZUNC I'NJl I'TnTRSHCTH'lHCSIiniCEDPitS # 

B MATFHlAtMMMLUSC JEtfJI FG LF-NFR LI LP M UND .DAKaTEUUKf; 
DER PRORT.F1IATLK lrt 

I. Die B**<l b n1 im || »lci paluiirlirn YnlLiEumi ill <lnr A.rtiBllBEirft*fl 
Obcr?iJtk»k<IP 

1, Pnliliirllc F.| lr J#rupjf J^i GiiLe* 

2. Vif [tdnfuHriiktiir dri C-jtUr* (Ihf ndhtnir™ 



3. lltvtlhrruiiRBilriihlUt 



"■« 



uv-vii^i — - n — — - _, 

4, AfltrJL iIei Ftlrh If* <Uji Btl e fidl I llr* "» 

IMT XXXIX «4 



MADE IN RUSSIA - THE HOLOCO$T 

Return to MADE IN RUSSIA THE HOLOCO$T PART TWO 



Return to CONTENTS PAGE 



The Website of Carlos Whitlock Porter 

KILL 1,500,000 PEOPLE AT MAIDANEK, KILL 4,000,000 AT AUSCHWITZ, 

EXTERMINATE 700,000 AT LVOV, TORTURE AND SHOOT 133,000 JEWS IN THE 

KIEV GHETTO, SHOOT 135,000 PEOPLE IN THE LIVENITZ FOREST, EXTERMINATE 

200,000 PEACEFUL CITIZENS AT GANOV CAMP, DISEMBOWELLINGS, FREEZING 

OF PEOPLE IN TUBS OF WATER, MASS SHOOTING TO MUSIC,CRUSH BONES FOR 

FERTILISER 



133- 



Heading ih« indie tmint, out Is struck by dis 
A mm 9 lie nalure of Savwl ntrouttY charges . 



I Jn the USSR* I *-, in &' Bi*IorujeuiTL, Ukrainian, E<iOH«trt, 
L<m-itm. LUhuanian. Kflf cla-Fmiltsfr, *nd Melds w An Sonet So- 
dalitt Republic*, in 19 region* of thr Rttirian Somtt ftdrrtlfrf 

Sotmltst Ben ei bite, and in Poland, Cwchoslouakli. Vtigotfeuw, 
Greece, ond Ifce Baikal fPierrinafier catted "I he Falter* Coun* 
trier",! ond in that parr of Germany tuMeh ti« east of «" Hi* 
drflum north and JCmlh Ihrotiph lh* cenlffT O/ Berlin [hcrcUn- 
ftjtfr raited "to item Germany "J. 

From 1 September l>3ff, when the German Armed Form in- 
vaded Poland, and from 22 June 1941. When they invaded the 
UJS 5.R., the German Government and the German Hifib Command 
adopted a systematic jahty of murder and U] -treatment of the civil- 
ian population* of and In ihe Eaatem Countries. a* they *'«t iuc- 
cesssvely occupied by the German Armed Forces These murders 
and ill-treatments were carried on continuously until the German 
Armed Forces were driven out of the said countries. 
Such murden and ill-treatments included: 

tfl) Murders Bud iU-tr«atmentS 01 conrent ration canspB and *lmi- 
la r establishment* mL up by the Germans in the Eastern Countries 
find in Eastern Germany including theme set up at Maidanrk and 

Auschwitz. 

The Hid murders and llMrentments were carried out by diver* 
meant including all those set out above, as follow* ; 

About 1,500,000 penonl vbte ex terminated in Mnidanek and 
about 4,MG r 0C0 persons were exterminated in Auschwitz among 
whom were citizen* of Poland, the U.S .£.»., the United States nf 
America, Great Britain, Cie^c-slovakia, France, and other eountneji. 

In the Lwow region and in the city of Lwow the German* exter- 
minated about 7Q0 P 0K) Soviet people, including 70 persons in the 
field of the aiil, science, and technology, and also eitfeiens of the 
United Suits of America. Grutt Britain, Czech nfilovakia. YufioalBvim. 
and Holisnd, brought to this region from other contentratien camps. 

ln the Jewuh ghdta from 7 September 1943 to 6 July W«. 
rt^LT*,^ la^onn tw-rsnns were to-xinred and shot. 



' "Mass'shooTln fi at thr population occurred In ths cuburba of the IM: V! 1 
City and to St Uvcml; foregt , 17^ 

In the Gbpov cafflp SD^UOO gg*ffl*iri clUECnn ware gxtprrninatgd^ 
Th "mast reAW methods of cruelty were emp^yed in this c* ter^ 450 

nunatiaii, such is disembowemn j; fttid the freezing of human heme* 
In lubi of vater MM* ■ftootines inoh place to the gce prnpammj^t 
□f the muSit of nn orAfStry rgcj' U .tvti frartl the pcopns interned 

"^Beauming with We 19-43, the German carried dui measures to 
hide Uie evidence of Ihrlr crimes. They cxhumt-d and bur ned corpses, 556 

and they crushed the bones wFSt jjjjjgjggi snd mri them far 557 

ferUUizgr. 



IMT I <T 



\32- 

All these char pea weft lo ha "prnvin true' 1 
aftn g lengthy 'trial'" involving "avirjnrica" , 



At lh* beginning ot Jfl44 In the Ozarrcru B(ian of the Bietams- 
man, S S.R., before, liberation by the Red Army, the Germans estab- 
lished three concentration camps without shelter*, to which they 
committed tens o( thousands of pernons. from the neighboring ter- 
ritories They brought many people to these camps fmm typhus 
hospitals intentionally, for the purpose of. Infecting the other per- 
sons interned md for spreading the disease in lerriloriei Irom 
which the Germans wets being driven by the Red Army. In these 
camps there were many murder* and crimes. 

In the Estonian S.S.R ihey shot tens of rhOLLisands of persons 
and In one day alone, 19 September 1844, in Camp Klaga, the 
Germans shot £,000 peaceful citizen* They burned the bodies on 
bonfires. 

Tn the Lithuanian 5.S.R- there were mass killings of Soviet citi- 
H-ns, namely: in Panerai at least 1QQ.QD0 ; in Kaunas more than 
?C|_OM ; in Alitus about fjflJMi »* Frenat more than 3.043^, in Vil- 
hampol about B.OQfl: in Marlampoi about 7.000: in. Tralcai and neigh - 
boring towns 37^640. 

I n the Latvian 5-5-fl 577,00" persona were murdered 

As a result nf the whole system of internal order maintained in 
all csmps, the interned persons were doomed 115 die. 

tn a secret instruction entitled "the Internal regime Ln concen- 
tration camps", signed personally by Hlmmler In 15M1 severe 
measures 0/ punishment were set forth for the interneea. Masses 



of prisoners of war wero ahot, or died from the cold end torture. 

{o) Murders &nd ill-treatments it places in the Eastern Countries 
and in the Soviet Union, other than in the camps referred to In [a) 
above, included, on various dales during the occupation by the Cer- 
min Armed Forces. 

The destruction in the Smolensk region of over 135,000 Sgjjet 
citizeni. 

Among these, near the village of KhoLmetx of the Sychrv region, 
when the military authorities were required tn remove the mlnea 
from an area, on the order of the Commander of the 101st Gflrmnn 
Infantry Division, Major-Gcneral Flflltr, the German Midlers 
gathered the inhabitants oT the village of Kholmetz and forced them 
to remove mine* from the road. All of these people lost their lives 
as a result of exploding mines. 

In the Leningrad region there were ahot and tortured over 
172,000 persona . Including over 20,000 persona who were killed In 
Uie clly of Leningrad by the barbarous artillery barrage and the 
bombings. 

In thf Stavropol region In an anti-tank trench close to the station 
of hflnerainy Vody, and in other cities tens of thousand* of persons. 
were exterminated- 



IMT I 



■133- 



and yc i the only "proof 1 ' involved luins out to lis; "r spoils" 
which ihe Russians have wiittoti ihemssNos 



In Pyatigorsk many were subjected to torture' and cnmina] 
treatment, including suspension from the celling and other methods- 
Many of the Victim! Of these tortures Were then shot. 

In Krasnodar some 8,700 civilians were murdered by poison gas 
In gas vans, or were tortured and ahot. 

In the Stalingrad region more than 40,000 persona were lortured 
and killed. After the Germans were expelled from Stalingrad, mure 
than a thousand mutilated bodies of local Lnhab l tantj were found 
with marks of torture- One hundred and thirty-nine women had 
their arms painfully bent bad? ward and held by wires From some 
their breasts had been cut off and their ears, fingers, and toes had 
been amputated The bodies bore the marks of burns. On the bodies 
of the man the five pointed star wag burned with an jron or cot 



wjtn n Knife, ijome were dis&mboitfeiied.. 

« 

In Orel over 5,Ui)U purport* werti murdered 

In Novgorod and lb the Novgorod region many ths'j.-wiidi of 
Soviet Citizen* Were killed by shooting. Jftarvat ldii, and torture. In 
Minsk tern ol thousand oE eitixena were similarly killed 

In the Crimea peaceful cHueni were gathered on barges, taken 
out ta 3ej and drowned^ over H4,0OQ perepcia being en terminated In 
this mariner 

In the Soviet Ukraine there were monstrous criminal acta ol the 
Nazi eonipiratGn In BabL Yar, near Kiev, they shot over L0'>. O0_jj_ 
men, women, children, and old people, Tn this a'.y in January 19vJT 
after the explosion In German Headquarters on Dzerthinnky Street 
the Germans arrested as hostages i h 250 persons — old men. minors. 
w ,,.,,.„ lvl y! n\-.\-5ir.% Lni-ircb In Klcv ihev killed over 105,000 
persons 

tn Rovno and the Rovnu region they kilted and tortured over 

100.000 peaceful citiEeni . 

In Dnepropetrovsk, near the Transport Institute, they shut or 
threw olive into a great ravine 11,000 women, old men, and 
children. 

In Karnenetj-PoiiaUvk Region 31.000 Jews were shot and exter- 
minated, including 13,000 person* brought there from Hungary. 

In the Odessa Region at jjgjgj 200.000 Soviet eitusens were kille d- 

In Kharkov about iBi.OOO persona were eliher tortured tit duj' -h, 
shot, or gassed in gas vatu- 

tn Gomel the Germans rounded up the population in prison, and 
tortured and tormented them, and then took them to the center of 
the city and shot them in public 



/ 



- [ 14- 



THe "proof" of tha fivi-painlui] si at cut cr burnt into people's bodies 
turns out lo bi just amjihai Soviet "mpori 1 ' which has disappeared 



II Frti « 



tn the light of the facta which I aha It submit to you, on the baila 

of irrefutable document*. Germany's solemn undertakings m regard 
to prisoners of war will appear To be nothing hut unparalleled and 

■ ■ ii ■ Lrt--i1 m rarlrn n;r nt +Jn n irorv *^m;r , rJinti rta-t n t t.r-il Jk ' 9A-^ 1 fl UJ-^ j->tlTt i It 1 -!* 



and humanity. 

: present to the CourL, uuiir Exhibit Numk'r tlSBH-?! {Docu- 
ment NumTl&r UBSR-M), a note submitted by Vyaches,lav Mikhai - 
lo vidl MJqlaLnVj People's Commissar of Foreign Affaiis Ol the 
UJE.S.R. dated 25 Nayenibcr 1941. co [icern Lnjj the oulrugg&ua 
jtrociliuii com m ttie J Ey tFie G-enn^n a mITi firings, ag ainst Soviet 
p risoners of war; unci J quote aev&ral extracts, from Ihua note ± Which 
yOU will find t»n Pa£t 5 nf the documefji prESfftited to you: 

"The Soviet Government is In possession of numerous facta 
testifying to the systematic outrage* and atrocities committed 
by the German authorities against Red Army SOldlcra and 
ajjniijit commander? of the Red Army, Lately these facj have 
become particularly numerous and have positively' cried to 
high heaven, thereby revealing once again the German war 
machine *™H the German Government as a gang of bandits 
who utterly ignored all codes of international law end all 

laws of human ethlCJ 

"Thfr Soviet Military Command is aware of numerous cases 
of the subjection of captured Red Army men, the majority of 
them wounded, to ravage torture, ill-uSage. and murder at. the 
hands, of the German Military Command and German military 
units. Captured Red Army men are tortured with bars of 
red-hot iron; their eyss are. gouged out, their feet, hands, 
Angcrx ears, and noSes ate hacked OtT, their stomachs ripped 
□pen, and they are tied to tanks and torn asunder, Enormities 
and shameful mmc of this aort are committed by German 
fascist officers and men along the whole front, wherever they 
may he anil wherever men and command? ra al the Red Army 
fall into their hands. 

'For example. In Hie Ukrainian S.S.R.. on the Island of 
Kbortitoa, on the Dnieper, after the German traops were 
forced to retreat by the Red Army, the bodies of captured 
Red Army soldiers who had been tortured by the Ger- 
mans were found. The prisoners" hands had been cut off, 
their eyes gouged out, ihetr stomach* ripped open. En a south- 
westerly direction, in the village of Repki In the Ukraine, 
after the Germans had retreated from the position* they had 
occupied, the bodiej of Ha ttalinn Commander Bobrciv, Political 
Officer Fyatlgoraky. and two privates were found. Their arms 
and Legs hr+d been nailed to stakes, and on their bodies flyj* 
painted stan had been cut With red-hot knives. Tile faces of 



INT VII MT 



t35- 



me proof 01 (lie mass-shoormgs at uana-rar lurns qui to ue 
just another Suvret "report" which his disappeared . . . 



M 

that the ex ten: ot the atrocities perpetrated by the German fisc^L 
invaders far exceeds the German crimes as state*! In the fir-it 
instance. 

From further information submitted to the En.lra0rdin.3ry S^jtm 
Cornrrii3s[o"n of thf Soviet Union, in connection with Lhe cUy n l 
Kiifv," 11 is c vide at that during the monstrous ao-called Gtfnn.Ti i 
mass J 'ncti4j~n" in Babyu-Var ti./ l S2.TO tmt iod r flOp were sho t J j^v 
continue to quote from Page- 4 r of the - document hook. Forjgrjph 1. 

"Terrible missacreH acid pogroms were carried out by t% 
German invaders In the Ukrainian capital of Kiev. In Ihu 
course of a few dn,ys the German bandits tortured ami 
murdered 52,Q0B men and women, aged people acid chlldcc. 
ruthlessly doing to dealh all Ukrainians; RuHians, and Jw i 
Who in arty way displayed thn.fr loyally lo the power or :v- 
Soviet Soviet citizens who .succeeded in escaping from Ksl'V 
give a sJinttennji p:clurr of one of these cnaas execution*; \ 
large number of Jew*, including women and children of all 
ngos,, were assembled in the Jewish cemetery. Before shoot I mj 
them the GcrmafLi Stripped them naked and then bent th pit- 
To 2 ft rat group marked far execution was foreed to lie, foee. 
downwards at the bottom Of » ditch, where the Jews wen- 
shot wilh automatic rifles The Germans then lightly 
sprinkled some earth over the dead bodies, mada the m?*t 
batch lie down In a row over the first and shot them in tho 
same Way. 1 * 

I skip a paragraph and continue- with the quotation. You ,v.U 
have thE opportunity of seeing the Hitlerite crimes mentioned in 
the note. The German atrocities in Rostov are show n In great J^.ml 
in the filmed doegmentary evidence 

■"The NazL hlood-thirstulesa towards the CJtiiens of ftustav 
Has become w-slt known. During their 10 days' sojourn I" 
Rostov the Germans not only wreaked vengeance on separate 
individuals and families; but tn their blood-lust Jhqjf 
annihilated, leni and hundreds of Inhabitant*, especially in 
the working-class districts dI the city. Near the premise* nf 
the- Railway Board. German machinegunners: anal 4S pflOplf 
in broad day tight. 3jjtty people were shot by the Hitk-nic 
assassins on ihe sidewalks of the main street of Rostov T*-» 
hundred people were murdered m the Armenian cemukry. 
Even after their expulsion from Etostuv by our troops, 
German generals and officers publicly boasted that thry 
would return to Rostov purposely to vent bloody retribute" 
on the inhabitants, who hid actively helped to drive irwif 
mortal enemy from their native Cily" 



IMT VII «5 



- 1 3ft- 

Don't bmhar Irving to rind Ihese documents in iha 
document volumes because may ars just noi IhurB 



II Tea. ft 



the director of the crematory. Oberacharfiihrer Mussfeld, tied tb* 

arma unci tegs of u Polish: woman and threw her Into the furnace 
tilive- The witnesses Yeb'nskj and Qiech — worker* in the camp — \ihn 
stated that internees had been burned alive in the crematory ovens. 
"An Infant was inatehijd from Its, mother's breast and dashed 
before her eyes against the wall of the barrack" — stated 
witness Atnochov — "I saw for myself huw Infants were taken 
from their mothers and murdered be Co re thair eyssr One 
small leg would be .saned by a hand, the executioner would 
atand an the ather and the infant would be torn in hakf M — 
staled witness Edward Baran 

■'Tire deputy camp commandant, S^Obemurmiuhrer Tumann 
was particularly noted for hia cadiatlc tendencies. He farced 
groups of internees io kneej in a. row and then killed them 
by Mow* on the head with a stick. He set Alsatian dogs 
on the Internees. He participated actively and energetically 
in all executions and killings of the prisoners. 
'Thus hunger, work beyond their strength, torture, torment, 
ill-treat me nt, and murder accompanied by unheard-of sad'sm 
were employed for the n\s~-5 ^x'.'.' munition of the captives 
In the camp" 

To prove that these sophisticated and nsdistie crimes were not 
ejcclusLvely characteristic of the 'S3 or the special police units, but 
that the major war priminflbi had deliberately plunged whole strata 
of the personnel nf the German Armed Forces Into the very depth* 
of mqral degradation. I turn to the contend of j note by the Peopled 
Cammlsajr for Foreign Affair/ of ih? ' U.S.S E , V. M Moists v , 
dated G January 1H42, which was iu'nrniUi-d to J he Tribunal a_s_ 
Exhibit tJumbL'r UfvSfl-51 . Yuiir fftmora wlU find the passage J am 
abuut to quote on the reverse side of the document book. Para- 
graph 4, Column 1 of the text, I begin the quotation: 

"There arc no bounds Io the wrath and indignation aroused 
among the Soviet population and m the Red Army by the 
innumerable and despicable acts ol valence, the foul outrages 
perpetrated against the honor of the wimen and the maii, 
murders of Soviet citizens, both men and women, carried nut 
by the German fascist officers and men. Wherever the rule 
of the German bayonet begins to hold away, nn unbearable 
regime nf hluody terror, agGnLZlng torture r and Savage murder 
bi Introduced r The robberies committed everywhere by the 
German officers and men are invariably accompanied by the 
beating and murder of immense numbers of entirely innocent 
people. For failure to deliver up food supplies to the very 



last crumb, and all clothing, down tu the Very last ahirt. tht* 
occupants torture and hong old and young, women and 

IMT VII 153 



Evory docirnieol nm marked will) pji astcnsk has wmplv riisappeiircri 



MID* DOCft. — UWI 

ri.ssKlA Order dated 1 September IWZ CPncernina branding; of Soviet 

jyti'tmer* ..VII-3$6 
M HSU- IB Letter from Ihe Mam OHl« 55 Court, 13 February t5« lo 

ES ludso 55 and PiHacr Courts, und cthtrr authorities. transmiltLna 
Kc-ttiTt cudcr at Jd DL'crmber J&42 conccrnlnc Hitler 1 * direrttvrs far 

•I'KSR-li NalLce of measures to be taken afsTnM, persons found In 
vJnmly of railway tr.*ek\ ID November 1*43: all civilians ^'hfl behave 
H^ptoiau&ry in VhU arm are to be looked on at bandits and shot... 
VJ1-S07 

1K5II-29 Joint polish and SnviEt n-porl of thtr Extraordinary Elate 
CyrMinl m Ion . . . VI 1 - 3TA, 451 , 5B5.' GM 

I-K^R-Sa Indictment and ™rdirt of a mil I tar, tribunal: trlrnea eom- 
"lS In H»t eit/ anil district o* Kharkov . VH-MB. 511*, **&, S7tl 

U^SR-aS Rfiport of t>e Extraordinary State Comin I S*iufi on Iflssen 
PU'lnlned by SLale enterprises and eslabi lAhmenld . . . VTlI-*l, BH d 102, 
1:J: XVII 1-9. 12 

■U5S*-M Extracts from the report of the Yugoslav State ComminiEon, 
Jfi LK>rcmbpr lfr*5 on crimes commit! id by the Germans and their 
E*niyiio»io-rt ■ ■ vu-iw, m, aas, in, vm-ii. 71 , jafl. ui- xiv-eza 

I'SITR-Sl Report of the Exti-QotdJnBry Stale Commission on crimefc In 

' thr eily of Kvpianib . . VTT-3&K, Vlll-Dl 
l'iiHlt-3* Report Of the E^trEardtnaTT 5t»1c Commission on German 

dim** In Ihii =Jly or Mimli...VIl-4Bfl,a67;\qi1-W;StVHl-l.lI 
TF,Slt-aS Report of. the Extraordinary St*tc Co mrnLRsian on atrocities 

In ftitrmla 1_ VH-S01 k SftTi VnI^1dXMa=i XYIIM3,W; XXI*lOS 
V&mt-40 Report of the Extraordinary Stale CGmr/iisEiQn concerning 

di-Hnidion and ateortliEs in thr PwhaLn BcsErv«11on Or ibfr U.5.S-R- 

Arfldrffiy of ScLcncc .,VJlT-"B:Xvm-fl 
■1F^R-4I Report of Ihe Ex traerd loery State CommimlflA on crimes irt 

ijtvia. .vi^asfl, 5io; vjh-*Ti xi-ih, »i\ xvni-sa 

l'hSft-13 REport nf (hir* EjH-mortinary Stall; Commission on crimes In 
Hit- town of Krasnodar and yicinl tjr . . , VII *-W6. 371 

rSKPL-tl Rriwirt uJ tJie EKtraurdSnaey Elate Oomm Isnton on crlmci Jrt 
Hhirkov and vinnity ..VI 1-573 

■J&SR-4A Feport of the tKlmordlnary Stale CamrnlsF.Lon on crnn*s in 
Ihe tftwn &f fim-Tio and. vidfllty .. VII- 129 1 VTI1-35, t^. XV1I1-13 



l.nilL'II JIP^KJIX 111 UTl" F, K-lt-UUl LL1J.K1 L J .JW,L- Willi"""""' ^ — m" ... n-» .j 

Orel 4mS VltlhJty. VTI-53&; Vlll-ill, 2*0; XYII-M* 

USSH-« Report of the Extra ordinary £l*tr Commission on alrocittcS 
In the city of Ode*** *nd vicinity ... "VII -SOB, 5W; V1U-M 

l?si5>Ha9 Rcperi iff Thn ExTraordSnatr Etal* Ccmimlultm dated IS Sep- 
Icrnbcr i«t! dcBlrufllOJI of workj of art and art tfejuurea ... VHI-T8; 
XI-4H3 

tlfcSR-sfl Report of. Ihe Ex inordinary Stat* ComrniHBlon on the dEstnit- 
Ikon of monument* in Novfl&md -., VIU-H3 

VBBE-Sl |H« USSfi-iil-1231 BcpOrt of V-M, Mnlalov dated 2J Novem- 
ber 1941 coTiCt-mloa atrocities against 6ovict prisoners of W&r... 
Vn-347,353, 4tf, *S3 h 4fl7| VJll-SB.iW, 13.7$, 101, IBS. IDS, 153, XI-t»2; 

x y-ib. ib. mi x. vin-es. mi i xix-596 



43* 



Thfl imposstldy ridiculous "gss vans" were mentioned Tar the lirsl time 
in a So vie I ducun-rant which has disappeared . . . 



ii nli u 

[d order to shorten my quntatiori from, the Extraordinary Com- 
mission' a tepart on Leningrad— although, being ■ citizen of Lenin- 
grsd myself, r would like the Court to have an accurate picture of 
the sufferings endured by the great city Us ii result of the German 
fascial terror — t will quote only general data regarding the German 
destruction and crimes in the city of Leningrad. The Tribunal will 
find this quotation an Page 345 tif the dueumcnT. book, second 
volume f bejj in the quotation: 

"During the 900-day liege of Leningrad, when the German 
fascist Invaders were in possession of its suburbs,, they perpe- 
trated count] ess atrocities on the peaceful civilians. 
'The Germans dropped on Leningrad 107,000 demolition and 
incendiary bumba end i 30,000 heavy artillery shells. Every 
minute throughout the filege each Leningrad resident was in 
the Same danger as if he had been an a field of battle. Every 
instant he was threatened with death or mutilation. Bombing 
and artillery fire killed a total of 1&7W and wounded 33,782 
perKins," 

f intexTurpt my quotation, omit the next page Of my statement, 
and bog the Tribunal to notice Page 3JT of the second volume of 
the document botik, an. excerpt from the diary of the German 
artillery men who ihelled Leningrad. These- nates are most cynics I 
and crue], 

I will now give ftgurejj af persons, who died of hunger in Lenin- 
grad in the terrible winter of 1941-1942. I quote only one line: 



"As a result of the hunger blockade of Leningrad. 6 Tl,2tt- people 
perished," 

I omit Ovj follo wing two pages and pass on to evidence- can - 
^ir. :■:■,- ::,■■ yj ■■i';'ii.-ri _ by vi-; Hi iL-mh-- ^ ;; ;■■-•_; i ■ M : ^ji..r?4.'. T' 'r ' n& 
exterm] nat i on Qf people bv monoxide eas — in special machin-* - : 
(!ari n4ernriflJehiiien) by ga-^ v:li-^" m ''murder_ VBnii '' (>lu:.h K -jtibki ) 
as the HovEftt people rich My narntd them, Thevery fact of employ- 
ing such machines for the mass murder of people constitutes a very 
heavy charge against the Leader* of German fascLsm. The cpecial 
equipment for trials ere term [nation of people 111 hermetically closed 
autom obi ir>& in wlucKiHc EJiloiiat. pip?. 1 ; w^rt cnjinecled to the- bodla*: 
of the ear fay menus of special movable tubes waa utilised fay the 
German fascists for the first lime in the U.S.S.It in 194J, 1 would 
like to remind the Tribunal that thgse- gas Vans Were mentioned for 
the first time In a report whLch 1 hnvc- already auorcuUed io Ike 



T 



TrLbunaJ coni:cjninp the fltTOc i \ it's h i F the German fascist a ggressoTS 
the TQWfi oE Kerc h 'Tliis aocurnenl wftg Mtftmjt'.ecl as- JJociimeril 

Number USSR-SITTnrf refers to the spring of 1912, 

I remind the Tribunal of an excerpt from the statements of the 

witness, Darya Demchcnko who saw how from two murder Yam. 



IMT VII 



571 



■1W- 



U rm. u 



Garmmn military personnel in Kerch drngited out the bodies af the 
murdered md dumped them Into an antitank ditch. 

the maa entermlnatiun o* peuple in ga» ya rn wm 



However, 



Fpeupi; 
the fit* 



nr 



me m 



■nr^ 



report 



nor 



alrocitjgg ol Lhe German 
j document wns submitted 



aaeerialr 1 without reasonable doubt for 
pT'tkt Extraordjoary Stale CnnimliaiPn <: 
Occupier s in the Suvruiw: region . tF 

to 'ilk Tribunal Ey me either m Exhibit Number US5R-I <Oucu- 
ment US3E-1). Invesfcu umw of tne crimen co mmitted by the Per- 
man fascist* In [mT ^fa^pol Tm*n *** direc ted Dtf g prominent 
S ov i et writer and member of ike ttsLniordi n arY btite UomrmaaEon , 
S e ioemldan AWy MikoUc VitcD Tolstoy, who now is n reeled. 

Tbla very thorough investigation wos undertaken Willi lhe asslsU 
in« of the most prominent special^ la f uremic medic It^ bias. 
mudi an human Inclination, having »1 rfptiiute logical limits tn 



any crime, could only' witS diflkutty then accept the w*wn« 01 
this? midlines. Hbwtvw, the reoilt* of iha inve.tigatton ^rrobara^ 
in Ml the testimony of surviving witnesses regarding Uie murder 
vans .mi 1Kb German fascist ma« munta» of rueful elta* 
executed by this menu. 




Th" excerpt H. lull a* the technical matter here dolled coma*- 
w,lh th*« Icchnfcil details -hi* the AnuaiCM f"?^J»J5 
fully sported to the Tribunal This 1* corporative ev.deftce, and 
Is therefore important. I begin my quotation: 

The mass extermination el peaceful eitirem of the U-S.S.R. 
fay the Germans wi* done by poisoning them with carbon 
monoxide in specially tfmatructed machines or 'murder vans. 
"Prisoner of war E. M. Fenchel testlfled- 
* 'White working if a motor medwnic, t bed the opportunity 
of atudyinj: in detail the van construction especially adoptcrl 
for suffocating and exterminate,, people "(Jh «xh^ gg 
There were sevem I such *ana in the town of Stavropol al Wtl 
disposal of the Gestapo. 

" Their oonstructlon was a* fallows: The body was approxi- 
mately 5 meters long by R*A nwten wide by approximate ty 
™ niter* in h««ht. It was ahaoed tta a ^™* -;*«£ 
out window* Imide it was lined with galvanized sheet htfft, 
on the floor, also covered with galvanized Iron, was a woodrn 
gnltaj.. The door of the body wa* lined with rubber and waa 
Sgtitly closed with an automatic lock. On the flour oE the van, 
under the grating, were two metal pi pen.' " 



IMT VII SM 



i-m 

This Soviet "rap on" is our principal source of mFurniiMinn 
dn Auschwitz and has been wide ft ptagiariiod 



EXHIBITS OF THE SOVIET PROSECUTION 

ITSSno Jtep*rt of the EMtriordiTiary Stale CammiiBlon 00 alrocttlte lb 

thr Bta^roeiOl mion VH*aDT t G39 % W4, 570.573; YlU-IBS; JOttM* 

U9SH.-3 ttvpflrl of Ihr Eitrs ordinary Slate CeunmiHlOTl 00 the fieitruc- 
llon oi Industry, etc. in Ihc SLulino rtfllon,-, VTIf-KI. l]Z;)tXt-4D3 



L'5SR-fi(a) Report of a ipefia] eommiiflSon on crime* jn Stallno... 

VJJ- 385,^0 

l^^fi 3 Eiinr; : !i Errfifl flpi r,.1 ■.-.-•■? -.r-J4.'= of Eh* SD i.'i.f- [ Hid or ".hr 
General SUiff of Ihe OKW contirrnlng treatment of Soviet prizemen 
Of war . . . VTM24, «5 d XVU-3Q5, Sflfl; XV1IM3, XXJ1-941 

VSRft-4 BJhtiri. nF 1 hi- EifiraYirdiTlBrtf fitjlti- ^nm mi^ I nn nr ftamlftt 

dEHLh by iPTcadlne frndcmlc of tYohLii-. YJ [-STIU X VI II -l 1 

L'S£R-i Repeiii ot the Fxt!-!icvn3trian Stile Commastfion on the "Gfon- 
]li,arrLL" In the lawn of SIayuLs VT1-1BT.1QI 

WEiR-5^) Report nf 1he Central Food Institute... VI MOO 
If8SR-B Report of the EklraordLruiry Stale Cg mm!*! ion on Crime* in 
the Umv ref1on...VIl-447 l 40O l &92,XlV-«5, &31>XVIfI-43S;3EIX-617; 

L'SSR-Bic) Report of Medical Expert Committee. . Vll-Sli, 3BB. 33 J, 
44G. &43 

XiSSR-T Report of the ExtrnordLnn rv State CommLsiion on fclfOCitlrn IB 
Lithuania . . '. VII -116. 37B. ill . V11J-B7 ; J£I-4B£, 491? 

•tiSsn^B Bcpftrt oy the Soviet War Crimea Cmnmiailon, 6 May IMS: 
there were usually 2(HJ,O00 in mate* b| one time In the e*terrn I rial Ion 

camp Of A UKtttVu lit, ftvrr < rr-.ililnn n/-r.:i1g fmm 1H» miintr jfcJ; DCCLIPJed 

bv BttBaia itfli laiaa m Laama a "lost ea*u fr ^ ,jf,aj ^ mni " <i - 

stely after their arrival, the renLaltuIer were find UEed for labor or 
for medical e jfprrlmr rUi And later killed ]n varinui wayj (in je rt loth, 
111- treatment, etc J; details relating to thv camp *nd the penom 
rt&ponsniblB for the oirriei.. , V1I-VHJ, V11I-3QB; XVIU-12 
IISRH-B Report of the Extraordinary Stale Corrcrrufcrion On nrrooltieB in. 

Kiev , , vi i-saa. sos, «o, sss, 574 F vi 11- 3&> ee ; xviii-11 
USSR -l(l -m.^O (fee USA-3I?V Extract! from GoririB/* Green folder 

enntainim directives for the operation of ectinfimy in the Occupied 
Eastern TcrrltorteH . '. . VI£t-13, 1 it \ X V} 1 1-1 5 

"♦UGSR-ll [Sef dic(H*po-40'> Extract front the regulation* for concentra- 
tion Campi e[£ned by HEmmler, IrMX: llcti of r/unUhmenti permitted 
tn the carapii, meludtni; corporal punishment . .. VI1-5D5 

■*USSR-ia Direetiire of Von RelDhepau dated ID October I flil: conduct o( 
the Army In the East.. . VU-aflS^Ki'VIII-IH, IDA, X-S25; JCV-411 

UGSIt 1J Cbrtne letter dated fl September lP*lr dlnMMlom «n«rnLp* 
aelzure and! mil Lzatlon ot ran" mnleriBti. ., , VTU-3T 

'tiSfilt-l* Extracts frnm an operational order of th? Reich Security 
Main Office addre^aedi to the EinJaU^rupptn, J9 Oi'l^ber 1S41: dlree- 
tives Ltiued in aureenreril with thr Supreme Command of the Army 
for ihc '■putliBS" by uperial CommanddB of Ihe priianer-of-wmr 
Cvm[l> (Soviet priranenO In the rear army area. Order by the ElnEaU- 
kommandu C/5 to Its branch offlfc*, 15 Kovembrr 1941, ad fonr- 
lionBrie* of the Ukratrtr Bcndcra movement ire to be liquidated oo 
account of Ihrlr plcparalllons for ■ revolt r .. XXI -4H 



IMT XXIV m 



EirBTfthtngs happens first in Russia. 



i* r<b. w 



Extraordinary Slate Commission concerning crime* In RovTia and 
the Row no rug Ion. The member* of the Tribunal will find reference 
to this on Page 291. second column at the Lest, Paragraph lb of the 
document bonk- t limit mysulf la om; paragraph only, I befjtn the 
quotation l 

The extermination of peaceful citizens and pi-fanners of war 
in the town of Royno used to take place by means of mass 
shooting from tommy-guns and ma dune guns, murder With 
carton-monoxide in murder vans, while in separate instances 
people were thrown into pita and hurled alive. Some of the 
viclimi, particularly those executed at the quarries near the 
Village oE Vydumka, were burned Oil Special places prepared 
in advance." 

1 end my quotation and go over to Page 253 of th& text, Para- 
graph 3. Further trt conjunction with the same matter, I refer \a 
lb« report tit the Extraordinary State Commission am the crimes Ln 
Minii.t, The members of the Tribunal wU( find this quotation on 
Page 215 of the document botik, aecond paragraph,, second column 
of the teict 1 read one quotation from this reporL 1 begin the quo- 
tation, "Thousands of Soviet citizens have perished in concentration 
camps at the hands of the German executioners." 

I omit the following four sentences and pass on to the testis 
mony of witness Moisievitch. He says — I begin the quoUhon- 
"3 was an eyewitness to the manner in which the Germans 
killed people in their murder Vans. From 7& to SO people 
were forced into a murder van *nd th±;n driven away to an 
unknown destination." 

1 end my quotation, and t ask the Tribunal's permission to draw 
its attention to the fact that in M;rjk th e principle af the murde r 
vfln ivai used for atiitJonnrv ens chambers, which were Instulledby 

2 tTi.TLirui3 in common balh hamea . It is otaQ mermrfned in this 
report of the Extraordinary Stat^ Commission, 

Further, I refer to the verdict of the court-martial ol the Smo- 
lensk military region, dated 16-1D December 1Q>)5, which the Tri- 
bunal wiJl find on Fafle 73 of the document book. There It !.; related 
that in Smolensk the Germans alio employed special gas auto- 
mobiles, the so-called murder vans for killing Soviet people with 
carbon-monoxide It seems to me that Li i* nnt merely toinclderiee' 
that murder vans appeared in the territory of the U.S-S.R. in the 
yirar of 1942. At that time the chief rriminah were Hi it quite con- 
vinced of victory and started tarrying out In practice their pre- 
meditated plans for the exterminaCtnn of the people of EuJOpc They 
were not then afraid of reaponaLbtlity for these crimes. That is why 
In 1942 there appeared new links In the ton ft chain of the crimes 
committed by the lesdeca of German fascism. The fascist technique 



IM VII 573 



MADE IN RUSSIA - THE HOLOCO$T 

Return to MADE IN RUSSIA THE HOLOCO$T PART TWO 
Return to CONTENTS PAGE 



The Website of Carlos Whitlock Porter 



■L4J- 

While hundreds of documents deemed id have 
pmhaiivs vbIuo" have disappeared . . 







IMT XXXI 



625 



143- 



, hundreds of photos which prove iiutlmiQ 
are lh«r* to ba a minified hi anyone 






pf : 


F S 

1 i 


H£ 


m 
* 






3 
1 






1 






I 



IWT XXXI 



S3? 



-144- 

( defection: the portable auon-poiiahle-bunc-giinderpoitalde-biitiri 

bashing-machine -human -so eo conhsssionii are Available from ihu National 

Archives. We will obtain these documents and publish them] 

(Correction again: me will obtain photocopies ui 
negative photostats of "true copies" ] 




1KT XXXI 



331 



145- 



Nnte thai hall the sign is in English a nil says. 
'Proud yourselves Aflatnsl Jewish Btiaciljr propa-ganila'' 




IMT XXXI 



■14*. 




IMT XXXI 



.-,, 



-147- 







TMT XXXJ 



Hn^ip,|l(MMI»« Kiliirliric ISM 

Ml 



-UK 




1MT XXXI 



St) 



-149 



anil i-i 




EhmnA Jrr Wihniuht i* i.. *in»J!iitH.l*rir Klu-Jnl*»if •» », Kin 1«* 



TMT AXX1 



S5S 



■■' 
X 




t^nlxW TruiTl"' I" ''"** ■"' J,D > WinMlliplil", JWS 




FlnmMn-ri* itriil"*"' TniypPB in< SuJH-pnlmrt 



-15Z- 

More "evidgnce" which proves nothing 
ci noons I r oin "Dir Snirmer". 




IMT XXXVIII 



-15.1- 

'Dqn'l liusl a Fax WhlllYcr Yau On, 
Npr Yet I tie Onth ol Any Jaw." 



tU-M 






M^'N^vvrt^vv 







IMT XXXVIII 



131 



-154- 

A "baptized Jew eaiing hnpuznd meal" on Friday . 

A tiowish huichcr 




imt xxxviii 



130 



-155- 

"Jews not Wauled" , - 
"Jews' arc dim misfortune" 




IMT XXXVIII 



The Jewisti lecher 
rh" Juimsh doctor. 




IMT XXXVIII 



US 



-Ijx- 




IMT JWXVI1I 



IK 



MADE IN RUSSIA - THE HOLOCO$T 



Return to MADE IN RUSSIA THE HOLOCO$T PART TWO 
Return to CONTENTS PAGE 



The Website of Carlos Whitlock Porter 



-15K- 

This is from the jucfyonienl. Hum the lefamnces 
ID "stilements" iiiddi by Grabs and HUB. 



frequently remained In the burning buildings, and jumped 
duI of the Windows only when the heat became unbaorabbr. 
They (hen tried to crawl with broken bones •crdas the street 
inlO budlding* which were not afire . . , Life ill the sewers 
was not pleasant altar the first week Many times we could 
hear loud voices in the sewcra . . . Tear gas bembE were 
thrown into the manholes, and the Jcwa driven out of the 
sewers und captured, Countless numbers of Jewi were liqui- 
dated in M.weni and bunkers through blasting The longer 

the rcyjs Lance continue rj , the tougher became the member* of 
the Waffen SS, Police and Wehrmachl, who always dischar- 
ged their duties in an pxetripjary manner. 
Slrcrap jnecoidpj that hij action at Warsaw eliminated "a proved 
ratal Df SS.OcS people, To that we have to add the number Of those 
killed through blasting, fire, etc, which cannot be counted " Grim 
evidence of mass murders of .Tewa was alio presented to the 
Tribunal In cinematograph fUms depicting the cmnmiinnj graves cf 
hundreds of victims u-'hiuh were subsequently discovered by the 
Allies, 

These atraritiea were all part and parcel of the policy inaugur- 
ated in 1941, and ll is nut turprising that there should be evidence 
that one or two German officials entered villi protest* against the 
brulal manner in Which the killings Were carried Out But the 
methods employed never conformed to a Dingle pattern. The mils * 
&arreA of RcWno. and Duhnn. of which the German cnijinijer Graebe 
Spoke, were exa mples u f or.? mtjlhad; 'h? iyStL-nia'ir cxfrrmtliriTioN 
of -fWj in ConcC-r.tr a 'Aim "cnmpA. wa> anothe r. Part of the "final 
solution" was the gs the ring t>f Jews from ill German-occupied 
Europe in concentration camps. Their physical cemditiem was the test 
of life ur death, All who were fit to work were used as sieve 
laborers In the concentration camps; all whn wcre_nol fit to work 
were destroyed in gas chambers and their bodies burnt Certain 
concentration camps such as TrcHJiika Jiini Au^rli^iti were set aside 
fnr thr* main purpose. With regard to Auschwitz, the Tribunal heard. 
the evidence' of How. Ihe cgmmandanl oi Lho camp tram 1 May 1MJ 
to 1 Pecrrober 1B43 He estimaltd that in the camp of AtlHflwlti 
alone in that time QSjTjJM S5 were exterminated , und that 
a further 500,000 died from disease and starvation. Hi)«. d'jacribett 
Ihe screeninc lor extermination by stalinjj in evidence: 

"W« had twe SS doctor* en duty at Auschwitz in examine 
the incoming transports of prisoners The prisoners would 

be marched by out of the doctors who would make spot 
decisions ai they walked by, Those who were lit for work 
were sent into the camp. Others were sent immediately to 
the extermination plant*. Children of tender years were 
Invariably exterminated since by reason of their youth they 



IMT I »> 



• 15»- 



were unable to work, Still another Improvement we made over 
Trenlittka was that hi Trebling* the victims almost always 

knew that they were to be Erlermina ted end at AusehwitI 
we endeavored to fool the vicltrtll Into thinking that they 
were to flo through a delousing process D( ceurse, frequently 
they realized our' true intentions and we sometimes had note 
•nd difficulties due to that fact. Very frequently women 
would hide their children under their cloth es, but of course 
when we found them we would send the children in tu bit 
e^^1»rmil«tjed- ,, 
He described the actual killing by stating; 

"it took from three tu fifteen minutes to kill the people in 
the death dumber, depending upon climatic cpn di tioras. We 
know whgfi. thg_peoji]e were, deed because thcir_JSgTCajHJilg 
stopped . We usually waited abiiai one half-huur before we 
upcued the doora and removed the bodies- After the bodies 
were removed our special commandos took oil the rings and 
extracted the gold from the teeth of the corpses," 
Beating, starvation, torture, and killing went general. The inmate 1 , 
were subjected to cruel experiments ot Dachau in August 1S+.S, 
victims were Immersed in cold water until their body temperature 
was reduced to Sfl * Centigrade, when they died immediately. Other 
experiments: included high altitude experiments in pressure cham- 
bers, experiments to determine how long human beings could sur- 
vive in freezing water, experiments with poison bullets, experiments 
with contagious disease;], and experiments dealing with sterilization 
of men and women hy X-rays and other methods- 
Evidence was given of the treatment of the inmate? before? and 
after their extermination. Thar* waa testimony that the hair of 
women victims' was cut off beinre they *>cre hilled, and shipped to 
Germany, there to be : juseri in the rn;lruLfactureo_f_mattresso5 . The 
Ckitht'5, rnoofly, and valuables Of thtf inmates ware also salvaged 
and sent In the appropriate agencies for disposition. After the exter- 
mination the gold teeth ind fillings were taken Irom the heads of 
the corpses and jvent to the Relchshank. 

After cremation the ashes were used for ferUlircr, and in some 
In^tiincfs attempts were nadi 1 to utilise ihe fdi from the bodies Tot 
the victims in the commercial manufacture of ap&p, Special groups 
traveled through Europe to Jand Jfws and subject Ihem to ihn 
"final solution". German missions were sent to inch satellite cnun- 
tries as Hungary arirt Bulgaria-, to arrange for the ahipment of 
Jews lo extermination camps and it la known lh»t by the end ot 
1M4, 400,090 Jews from Hungary had been murdered at Auschwitz 
Evidence bu a.bo been given of the evacunllon of 110,500 Jews from 
part of Rumania for "liquidation". Adolf Eichmann, who had been 
put In charge o( this program by Hitler, haa estimated that the 

IMT I HI 



The documents hb never pliologrnphlcnElv reproducer! 
m that we cmi see what iMny Luihh like , . 



On IDtt]nnad]tbtTjollinad|tigtt 

Drim IfidisDcouhioi In BDrtrnm unb TlUrittn. 



tff ■ 22/ to * ^w) 



Pn*.kfn ... 15. flttflbir im$ 

I 

c_H_* > a a c b i t '" 

[KUr dunm Qfflti.T t„ *.»..,/.. 



8e-.r.j Grundiotea a*r Folitlk 

1b IfolcHont. 












oipTOtriitors hat ui J. In. 
BJluDf abgtJgaltaB, la bit 
Itutinti'itir ftfl-Unjffcjvfukr.r jt.n. » r a » a 



* -*.* 



. . jr^ dan Slnne n«b ♦!«• tclj.mUi BuafUhria: 

I?" 4^ / / "/jT* B,lt >5h»ffHllli Ail Pro I c* to !-■-.. a 

■ -*"^ * 1 *■" BOlUitO tutd Ulhran hab*n ao*o)il Futal 




41 tnalatallao,, all auofc Tlrtae aaf tafcral a« , 
,-^f 1 *0»1« laairala (chard audi ana la ttllu 

IirliDi Envb£UAK«a 'Jfcar dla t&rbsj daa 
tachrchl ichan ITotUton aJD^eitdlt. 



^y / b«ia l^iEiiittrflteitoii 



? *% 



Dor VchrsLaahtbavclLadicbtLgta 

Bonaan und Kkbrca 



'/<7 







-161- 

inslead Thov » rB iranscrihed wilh microscopic German ibbrtvia lions such as 
"BeglVm" which mimnj "ceriificaie ol luihftnlicity" or 
"Beg I Phi! i' which means "cirtlljfd photocopy " 
Do you suppose iHei thay have anything tn hide? 



BESCVIHL1BUNG: 

U K»]i. durunlHii- t: P mil (Til I BK Hr I ahtrcr S\\\ roi I liiiIl:ilt £))■ Man I ■ 
uiiii-r h«ium: P ucil, 21 'Hi lLi!iiiji I UiucrMinLriiimgcn nn mxiir Cli c f > »iJi n ■ V im 

It, H I Unlet UK bi-Vmi ,.f.KJu:-" K«|i I ,.1." ver „An»[f rlif nri(;" fii.[ I iuF 
lHjLlliJfli- 1 n T in IJuJlu von tTIWW Afhl liriinnrnd na.JjrupuiiJir 5l|. Uml 
l'„)iii:,iJr Vmi I £in B jn|ii-S]]i IpvmV. „[. 1BOKT. I'JIU Sri.SJHftfAto P K ~"- 
Aklfii-^r, TI I r ohrrlulb diToii kJciocs KrcUr (HslJ, djifilJiEtgtidim-ljiMi: H- 
(Criin'l; darunlrr: IV "Hull, didil r dixmi m\ I'Ttlau;.. Jjjrimftr! J (Dim, 
Riilridicnij r ahrrfiaLb d»*.«ltt J 19/10 (EIauI I I a Mi ilii T fUVmi ..ChrTOKM 

SiihI.i'j'p Iridium iibcE Chef Ut'FSi (unlerslridien) v.", (I urn ll Ljj r ; ..ft' IB. 'I II." 
illi-< Criijil; r n „OKVT": Zi4J,cd unl (GriliO, K 21 /X (PitfjmTi I vnlT MdVui: 
J {Oran|i(0, (I. (Din) 

Oeheim* Xomm*ndei»die 

Der Wehrmachthevollniiichttgte 
taeim Reichsprntektor in Bijhmcn unci Miihren 

— Prog, den 15. Oktgber 1940 

Nr. £2/40 p.Kdos 

::- CHEFSACHE! 

(Nur durch Qffizier zu behandeln) ::-:: 
Beir: Grundsatze der Politik 4 Auilertlgungen 

im Piolektorat JAuefertl gung 

Che'iid-nl 
-1 — AnUge Nur dufdi OHiitarl 

Das Arot des Reich sproteklors hat am &. ID. 1. J eine Dienst- 
bespreehung abgehallen, in der Staatssekretiir SS-Gruppenfiihrer 
KH Frank dam Sinne nach etwa folgendts ausfiihrce: 

Seit Schaflong des Protektorais Bohmen. und Mahren haben 
sowohl Parleidienststellen, aJs auch Wirtschaftskreise, sawie 
lentrale Behfirdendienststellen Berlins Erwagungen iiher die 
Ltisuntf des tschizehiachen Problems a ngestellt. 
Der WehrmQchtbevollTnaehtigte 
belm Reichsprotekior in Bbhmen und Mahren 
Frtderici 
Gi-neral der Inlanterie 



-162- 
Since when a ■ rfwunmnT lilro ttiii proof of inyttimv wafer U.S. InvT 



mptinjtn bat; Aber w<t mishe IdTi denn mil Kaltenbrunner? Er 
hit mlch dim voellig In *#in»r Hand! 

Dieses lit von mir Jieule, im ...19. ... November 1945, 
insgtatjt und beach woreii wofdcti. 

Wetter Sehglltnbtrg 

Subicribed and sworn before no* ihii tttfc day of No- 

vumbn L 1945, tn Nurnberg, Germany. 

WJi((neu R.Horni 

LirutencFit 1 L r ^' 

NaujI Reserve 



DOCUMENT IWI-PS 

TWO AFFIDAVITS BY HERMANN FBI EDRICH CltAEBE. 10 tfOVEM- 
n£fl 1943- DESCRIPTION OF THT. MASSACRE OF THE JEWS IN RQWWO 
Off 13-14 JUJ.Y IB+J; DESCRIPTION OF THE MASS MUHDEH OF JEWS 
IN DUBNQ ON 4 OCTOBEH ltMI ADDITIONAL AFFIDAVIT, 11 NO- 
VEMBER 1D45. WITH DESCRIPTION OF THE $5 AND SD MEMBERS 
WHO PEflPETHATED THE MASSACRES (EXHIBIT USA-4S*} 



nrSCHRfilfcliNC 
Vnitt 5= JJ« lT',o Ti 



Stfor* me. Homer B CRAWFORD, being authorised to ndrninl- 
iter o*ths r personally appeared Hermann FrltdrLth GHAEBE, who, 
brinj by me first duly iwom through the Interpreter Elisabeth 
&ADZIEJEW5KA, mide and iub*eribed the following itatement; 
Idi, Hermann Fried rich GRAEBE. trklaere unter Eid: 
Von September IB 4. 1 big Januur 1944 war Idi Geichaeftsfuehrer 
Und Id tender Inge-mtur clner Zweigitglle d«r BiunrniK Josef Jtuig, 
Soling™, mil Slti In 5DOLBUNOW. Ukraine. All soldier hitie idi 
die Biiutellen dsr Firma an besuchen. Die Flrmi unterhicll u.a. cine 
Btimrile in HOWNO, Ukraine- 
la der Nadhi vom 13. urn 14JuU 1942 wurden in EtOWNO a Ik 
'njj4»n do Ghetton. in dem jlch noth luigelmehr SO0Q Juden be- 
imden, U(jnjdit:rt 

IMT XXXI Wl 



-16?- 



tlndtr U.S. law, nana at these "atfidivils ", "laports". and "canfessiani" 
would avail be admiuibta. 

nthmeo iu duerfen. a Herd trigs aber er*t nidt der Ait ion. Wachrend 
der Kidil muHK Jeh das Haul Lm Ghetto aelbst var dam Eitsdringen 
ukninlKfatr MiJii oder SS *chu.«t«n. All BerUetigiing der Besprc- 
diung gab er mlr fin Schreibcn del Inhslis, d*sa die juetiiieheEi 
Arbeiter der Rnni Jung nidit unter die Aklicn fa lien. {Si the 
Dohrumant). 

_ dm « — 



Am Abend dieses login luhr Ich nach RcwuO und «tellt* mi* 
mit FritI Eirt»j»rri war dis Haul Baruihofstrisse, in dem did Jucdt- 
idien Arbeiter mEiner Finna uhlieten Kura nadi 32.00 Uhr wind* 
du Ghetto dutch tin grosses aS-Aufgebnt und einer etwa 3-fadien 
Anahl ukrmLnLsriier Mllli umitcllt und daraiilhJn die inn und urn 
dsi Ghetto ernchtpLen elsktrijchen Bogenlampen eingesdialiEt 
SS- und Mlllilrupp* won Je i — S Ferionen drangen. nun in die 
Kaeurer eln oder venuchten elnwdringcn. Wo die Tu*ren und 
Fengter versehloaseu waren und die H»u«elnwohner auien und 
Ktopfen nich! oeffnelen. sdikigen die SS- oder MllExJeute die Fen- 
itern eln. brachen die Tu^rcn mil Balken und Brethcisea auf und 
drangen in die Wohnungen eifi Wte die Bewohner gingen raid 
ttaoden, ob lie b*k!*ld*t oder 111 Belt lagen, ao warden ii# aul die 
Sirasse getrieben. Da aich die Juden in den meisten FnelLen wcigerten 
und wehrten, ana d*n WchmlngeD m g*hen, legteii die SS- und 
Hiliileu!* Gewalt AH- MIL Ptiliditnjchljiegen. Fuaitrittcn uod Kol- 
benschlaegen trrekhlen lie idiUesalich, daw die WoJuiung gerseumL 
wurden. Dai Austriben aui den Haeiuerri ging in eini-r derartigen 
Hut vor lich, dug! die klelnen Kinder, die lm Belt lagen. in elnigen 
Ftclleo iurueckgelaiBen wurden. Aui der Stratte Jammerten raid 
sdirien die Frauen nadi ihnn Kindem, Kinder H*eh Ihren Elirrn. 
Dai hlcderle die SS mdii. die Men*dien nuit tm Lauf**ritl unter 
Schiiiegpn ueber die Strwaari *u iigen, bi* ale xu den bereititehen- 
den Gueterxufi galangten Waggon aut Waggon Tucllle iidi. unmul- 
hm-rlich erloente da* Gesehrei der Frauen und Kinder, du Kiatuhen 
der Peiudien und die Gewehrachuejse. Da aich einMlc.* F»roili«B 
vder Gruppen in bewnde™ guten Haeiuem yertJirrHtadlprt hattea 
und audi die Tuersn mltieli Bredielsen und BwUsen nlcht Bufira- 
brlnaen wittn, iprengte man diese mit Hajidgrinalen auf. D» da* 
Ghetto dicht »n dem Bahjdtotrper vc-n Bofrim Ug. ireir*uriit«n Jung* 
Uule ueber die Scl|lfnei«tr*eng* und dureh clneti kkineri Fluai au» 
dcin Bvrelch du Ghettos iu enttemmen. Da d)a«a Gelaende aiiiur- 
halb derelektrudi«n Beleuditung lag. arhellle man diese* durdi 
Leuehlriketen. Waehrend det g*rus«i Nadit wgen uaber die crleudi- 
tetcn Stnwsen die gepruegelten, gejagten und verwundeten Men- 
idien. Frauen t rugen lp Ihren Armen *rte KLmder, Kinder edbleppten 



IMT XXXI «3 



NO one can hs convicted ol murder under U.S. law 
an the b«is nl an "Brfida*il" such as this turn. 



und idilriftrn in Arrni?" unii Beinen [hrt Lolen Elttrn uefctr <£„. 
StraiKn rum Zuge. Immer wiader hallten. durch do* OhflMsvlftttvl 
die Rufe ..Aufmaehen,! AutmachenV 

Ich L'tiLtumle mich ^Rt-n S Uhr frueh fur tjncn AugOhbiick in, I 
litis EifL',porn und tiimjjp indere dculithe Arbt'iief, die iltZVf [x.-,\ i l 
lufueckgck Dolmen war Ell. lurueck Da nach meinex Ansichl dir 
grfj^islc Gefahr vcrbei war, glaubte ith, dicsea mjtn £u koirnnri' 
Kurr naeh meinem Wefljang drangeri ukraLniidie Milizleute in d^ 
Haus Buhnhcif strata & tin und hoiten 7 Juden heraus und bra.ch.lii: 
sie m elnem Sammelpiati innerhalb des ChettQa. Bei nttUHs 
Huwfckehr konnt* ich ein weiterea Heraushc-Ien van Judtn auu dn- 

SEtn fcfnuse verhindern. I-Im. die T Leute tu rctien, ging ich -'.urn 
S&ntmelplali. Auf dan Stras&en, die ich paisiercn mussta. sah ,.h 
DuLiende vun Leichcn jEdcn AJLetk und boldcrlei Geschleehts, Dn- 
Tjeren der Haiussur stJirtden oflen, Fenstei waren eingeschlniio 
In den Strasaen iagen eiuz-elne Kieidunjpstuedce-, Sdhuha, Slmempii- 
Jjdren, Muetien, Hucle. Maenlel usw. An ciner Hnuseck-- ]ajj , m 
kitints Kind van weniger ais eincm Jahr mit zertrueniimTi n 
SthitdoL Biut und. CrfchimmaBsc klebte an der hTauiwaml un,! li, ■ 
deckle die naehere Um glib un i; dui Kiudds. Dae Hind hiillc nur nri 
ilemddien an Der Kanrmnndeur, SS-SLurmbannluehref D[" PO T/l 
fine; an i'tiA-u BCt — ililJ am Bod En hrN&anden maenrtlLChvn Juilrn :ni! 

und ab. Er hielt in dot Hand fine schwere Hundepeiischc. Ich jfiiiti 
2.U Ihna. zeigte ihm die Echriitiicbe Genchttllgung des Stahsk-il ■■*■■ 
BECK und fnrderte die 7 Leule, die ich unler den am Bwien ![■■'■. 
kenden erkarmte, zurueck. Dr PUT2 war sehr wuoitnd ueber ft* 
Zugestatndnii EECRs und Hhier kelnen Umstfl^ndert ;u bf^iiv 11 
HIe ^ Maannar Era Lmgehcn . Er machle mil d*r Hand eincn K( ■■ 
um den Piatz und aaRte, war einmal hiar wasre. del 1 koeme n:tM 
rnehr fort. Obnvsr sehr ungehalten ueber BECK, gab er 



niir auf, die Leute im Hauic Bahnhftfsfr. !i bis ipaetesttns um B ''■" 

sua Ruwnn III luehren. Bejm WeggganK VOn Dr. PUT?- bemtlkl,' 
ich cinani ukrainiBthen Bjuemwigen, hespariTii mit £ Fferden, A 1 
dtiti Wager lager lotc Meriicher mit steifen Gliedarn Armc ii">' 
Be!ur ragtan. Utter den Kailen des WageiU hefaus. Der WijJ,ii 
fuhr in Hicnlung zvm Oueienug Dip verbijtheriEn 7+ in ■■I-' ""*■ 
Hium eingcschluasen^n Jltden bradnte Idh nuch 3dolbutwj«f 

Etnige Taftf nach dem iJ.Juii 1942 be&Lcllte dor Cfibifl *k- rl' i 
miianr von SiioJbunnw. Ceofg Marichiii. »Ue Firraenleiler, Fie^"-- 
bahnitele, OT-Fuahrer usw. zu aidi und gab bekanntj dais Jit» til*.' 
Firmtn usiH' dirauf varbereiten H>)iten, dasS in dbuC-hbarar Ktll 'l' - 
Juden, umgeaiedell werden wuerden- Er win *u( die Akli^n '■"' n 



IMT XXXI *** 



-165- 

The Nuremberg Trial was a return to the Inquisitional procedures of 
the Middle Ages. The prosecution allegedly took many "affidavits", but 

only called 33 witnesses. 

This is one of the very few the entire text of which is given. It is in fact 
another crude attempt to pin the Kalyn shootings on the Germans; there 
are plenty of hean-rcnding""fareweir scenes, there is the beautiful young 
Jewish girl who goes to her death with defiance on her lips, the families 

who die with dignity, the mothers trying to protect their children, 
Ukrainians with whips, and all the other cliches of Holocaust literature. 

The right to confront one's accuser , . . and to cross-examine him . . . 
is fundamental to our legal system and is protected in many court 
decisions and by the Sixth Amendment. No serviceman can ever be 
convicted of murder before a military tribunal under U.S. law on the 

basis of an "affidavit". 

Nor was the slightest proof ever adduced at trial to show (hat Grabe 
ever even existed. 1 1 is obvious that an assertion which cannot be verified 
and which must be taken on faith from the prosecutors is not proof of 

anything in a criminal trial. 

Normally the "affidavits" are not even reproduced ... they are simply 
"QUOTED". We musi take the prosecutor's word for it that the 
""witness"" and his "testimony" have ever even existed, let alone that they 

are credible. 

It is not every trial in which de fen dents are framed for crimes 
committed by the prosecutors: in which every one of the prosecutors is 
guilty of the same o! lenses as the delendents; and in which the 
prosecutors are allowed to act as judge, jury and executioner Of their own 

accusations. 



MADE IN RUSSIA - THE HOLOCO$T 



Return to MADE IN RUSSIA THE HOLQCOST PART TWO 
Return to CONTENTS PAGE 



The Website of Carlos Whitlock Porter 



Nana nf India paapla avei appaated in can't, yet Gribs has often 
quoted far 40 years as a Holocaust "witness". 

HtVfa 

tovrno hin, wo man nlle Juden liqtiidierf, A. h. In der Hach* von 
KQGTOPOL endionen hatte. 

Idi mache die lrarsiehercdun Angaben In Wi esbaden, Deutschland, 
am lO.Nllvember 1945. Irh sdhvvuere htl G«ll, dau dies die reine 
Wkhrhelt lit. 

Fried StejBJ 
HERMANN FRIEDRICH r.RAFRK 

Subscribed and jwnrn bsfare me ml Wiesbaden, Germany, thi* 
10 day of November. 11)45- 

Wo=ner B Cram/arnt 
HOMER B. CRAWFORD 
Major, AC 
Invigilator Examiner, War Crimea Brunch 

I. Eliinbelh RADZIEJEWSKA, being first duly sworn, slatfl; 

That I Iruly translated the Will administered by Major 
Homer B. CRAWFORD to Hermann Friednch GRAEBE and that 

thereupon he made and subscribed the forEgai/i£ statement in my 
p Tf*at >gfc 

ELISABETH RADZrEJEWSKA 
Interpreter 

Subscribed and sworn before me at Wiesbaden, Germany, thia 
10 day of November, 1043. 

Homtt B. Crawford 

HOMER B. CRAWFORD 

Major, AC 

Invest i pa lor Examiner 

War CrimGB Branch, US Army 



^urilri Si II Ko|i I 1 Jmi'Tirn $t* |r*n, ^Ti H<iNritu<llpr, dirunlrr -.3". mnj 
. hn rw bi -'Prr Crl.irnUmnil.Hir' jii H^Ufr" I III Jr II lllUrlirj. O 7 B 
jK<qi| I ^Cfhriai" Rnr, iniifTifcriilifD" 

Der QeblelsJcommlsiar ::-.': Gthwm ;:-r. 

In ?nWl|o 



Akterii.: — ,-.iu. 



An die 
Firma Jung 

Ha who 



IMT XXXI ♦" 



-167- 

Gribe wn Hinposediy working (or iht U.S. Army, bat 
nobody mr bmughi him to court - c*lj hn "affidavit" 



Die be! Threr F^rmi beicniftlgten lildischen Arbgibikraftf | A ]i t . n 
njghl unlet: Ai+ Aktion Sic haben t >i»*rlllfn ft i5 ipiteitgns: rjftttwtttb 
X« 15. Jub 194Z an den ncucn ArbeltE nlata m uberslcdeln 

ifTFiT. 

Per Ggh»e1jrit.otTimhai)T 



l.V Btil: 



IH 5 : ■III' t"*n, BfllVm uril P im RiliJ Tl 



lefore mt Hqmer B. CRAWFORD, being iulboriied (.. ...I 
tninidttr ofltha. penanally appealed Hermann Fried rich GBAF.Sli 
tvIuj, being by me ftnt duly sworn through tbe interpreter KtUiih Hi 
RADZIEJSW5KA, made and aubscribed the fallowing statement' 

leh, Hermann Fricdnth GKAEBE, erkLaere unter Eid 

Von September 1941 bis Jamjar 1944 war lch Ge*chacfliiiucl '" 
und ltLtender Ingenieur einer Zweigslclle der BauJIrron Josef Junjj 
Snlingtn, jnit Sits In 5DOLBUNOW, Ukraine Ala solder halU' uli 
die Baustrllen dcr Firma ru besueben. Fuer Bins HMreab*udn.-rii 
■.telle hatle die Firms nut dem ehsmaliBen FluflpMz btrl DUDSd, 
Ukraine, Lagcrhillen fuer die Lagerung von Getrelde ru wriehli'n 

All ich mm S^Oktober 1942 dss Baubuero In DUE NO b**t«W< 
eruehlte mlr metn Pdier Hubert MOEMNTKES. lUai Hambv t 
Hiirburg. Auiienmuehlenwcg 21, dan In der Naehe der BausVL-' 
In (Ires grc-SMn G ruber, von )e atwa 30 Meter Lsenge und 3 NMn 
Tiete Juden «i» Ontario erschraiEn word™ kIki Man har He bn«fl 
Itch eiwa 1500 Meniehen gelaelel, Alle vor der Aktlon In D ifon- 
noch vorhandenen etwa 5000 Juden toUten kquidlert werden. IW 
die Erschiessungen in seiner Gegsawarl atittgiliinden hatter u.n 
er noch sehr erregl. 

Dioiifhlrj tuhr idi In Begleitung von MOENNIKES m> B "' 
Utile und tah in dor Naehe der Bauitelle grotsc Erdhues.*] w 
tlwt JD Meier Laenge und etw* 2 Meter Hoehe. Vor der Fi » 
huegeta itandjen einige Lastwagen. von denen Menschen dtfftil 
bewafmetc uhnmische Milla unler Aufaicht elnw 55-Miiuni'v 
letrieben wurden. Die Miliileutc blldetrn die Wache »uf d«n Ui 1 - 1 
WKgrn und tvhna mil di«*vn von und mir Grube. Allt dlnse r*^ 
achen hatteu die lucr die Juden vorgcjehrlttwnM gelbeii FH* 1 " 
auf d« Votdtr- und P-uedueile ibrer Klelduna;, ao das» tie " !l 
Juden crkenntlich warcn 

MOE^fN^KES und ich gmgtn, dlnekt au den Omben. Wlr wunli-' 
nil* I hthlndert, Jet*t hoertt Ich tur* aaeheininder Oewehradiui'>"- 



IMT XXXI 446 



-1&8- 

The "confession' of Ruddf KnG was written entirely in English 
and partially hnurl ^ririsr by n U.S. Army officer . . 



*■!« « — 



N.nJh natLKuSioiialiaiLseher AuUasjung sind die wesenslithstcn 
Untri'wJiicde des Mcnjdieji nlchE luTallig, aondern blutbedmfir. H.pi- 
,nr,i nucr ergibt *^ tach unserer Qijerreufiung, djG die Mtnachen 

Uli.'ittWTl Blutcl ruijmniarifiehi:''re Ji und :ir.t!i Van der giiriKtfJi 
-MtfrWctihijLt fifsn ndtfrtca ijvia:nlkd[pi:i Widen, 



tlOCUMENT JSM-PS 

AFFIDAVIT OF RUDOLF FRANZ FERDINAND MOESS, J APRIL 13«: 
DP WAS COMMANDANT OF AUSCTTtflT?: CONCENTRATION CAMP 
rf!OM I MAY [ &■*'"■ TO 1 DECEMBER IB-t3, DURING WHICH TIME 
1(100,0(1(1 PERSONS PERISHED THERE; METHODS OF KILLINGS DE- 
SL'RIDED, NAMES OF SOlME PERSONS RESPONSIBLE: "FTNAL 
SOLUTION 1 ' MEANT EXTER M 1 N AT tON OF AI-L JEWS IK EUROPE, 
i'l.iPUIATfON IK AREA SURROUNDING AUSCHWITZ AWARE OF 
KILLINGS (EXHIBIT USA-B1U> 



m'UflATOR* NutJi. 

F.i>h pirn? ■■ined "Rudolf Hnn< In tnmrf rip )il oermr. All inniiN-rijlPi t" 
Liu* jnk. ■— — 



OFFICE OF US CHIEF OF COUNSEL 

FOR the prosecution of AXIS CRWINAUTV 

AFO 124A, US ARMY 

INTERROGATION DIVISION 



AFFIDAVIT. 



I, RUDOLF FRANK FERDINAND HO ESS, being flrit duly 
iwarn, depose and My as fallows L " 

I. 1 am [orty-six years old, and have been d memtit-r of the 
KSDAP since IB22, a member of the 55 since 1934; a member ol the 
WalTen-SS aincc 1999. I woe a member From I December 1934 of the 

KS Guard Unit, the IQ-calisd Be»thiripad Formation (Totenltnp ( 

Verbund! 



IMT XXXIII 2T» 



■If0- 
. . . without any mliipreter, sienoDropher. lawyer or witnesses. 



U. 1 have been comtansly issneialed with the udministralLon ct 
concentration camps sinte 1!)3-1, serving Ml Dmrhau until 1U3&; then 
fi-A(JjUiflr1 in SachsenriAVM?n Irani 19J-H It, May 1, iStiU. when 1 '«■« 
appointed Comma ndanl af AusehV]!;. 1 commi tided Aus-cbwilis 
until f December, IW3, and csljm&le thai at luast 2,5DU.tiuU vicllms 
were executed and eAttnruti^rd ihere by gassing and burning, tW) 
ill least another hair million succumbed .t<S starvation and diseaae, 
maltina. a total dead nf about 3,OU0,OOl> This figure represents about 
i&Jt ot W/i ef all 'pursuits 'sent to Auschwitz IS prisoners, the 
re mat rider having been Hiecled and used lor slave Jabflf in the 
cont-enlratlcin camp industries. Included among Hie execu led and 
burnt voerc approximately 20,00" Russian priJHJners of war (pre- 
viously screened out d! Prisoner of War cages by the Gestapo) who 
wrre delivered at Auachwltr in Wehrmacht transports Operated by 
jugular Wehrmncbl officers and men, The remainder of the total 
number ot victims included about IClu.OOu Gorman Jews, and great 
numbers nf eltisefK, mostly Jewish 1 ) from Holland France. Belgium, 
Poland, HungSTy, C^odhcisl (tvak ia , Greece^ or n(hpr countries. We 
executed nbcu.1 aOO.nOO Hungarian Jews Alan's h1 Au sen wit* in thE 
summer ul iSA-i. 

3 WTHA (Main Eronomle indj Adm migration QUice). headed by 
DbiTgruppenluchreJ: Oswald Pohl. VJM responsible for all admin~ 
lEtrative matters such as billeiirigi feeding and medical cafe, in Ihe 
roncsntrAtiun camps Prior to establishment ot the RSHA. Secret 
Slate Police Office [Gestapo) and the Reich Office of Criminal Polite 
wvre responsible fat JUTStt* cammllJltenlJ (n concentration campi. 
pi' nish merits and executions therein. After organisation of ihr 
RSHA. all nl Iheae functions were carried on as before. buL, 
pursuant to orders signed by HeydrJch as Chief of 1be RSHA. While 
Kallenbr tinner was Chief of BSI1A. orders fer protective custody, 
commitments, punishment aad. Iliclmrlual BSi*eut:«ns were signed 
hy Kaltenbrunner or by Mueller, Chief of Ihc Gestapo, as Kalten- 
bninner's deputy. 

■f. Mass executions bv gassing commenced during the summer 
1941 and continued Until Fall 1944 I personally supervised exe- 
cution* at Auktiu'JIe until the first uf December 1913 and know by 
reason ot my continued duties In the Inspectorate of Concentration 
Camps WVHA thai ihesemass executions continued as stalsn above. 
All mass executions by gassing tonk place under I he dired order, 
supervision and responsibility oJ RSHA. 1 received atl orders for 
carrying out these mass executions diteclly from E5HA. 

S. On 1 December 1BH 1 became Chief of AMT I in AMT 
Group D of the WVHA and In that nfnes was responsible for co- 
trdinatlng nil matters arising between RSHA and coneentralisn 

'I "lmlli J**i*li iuJ liun-l'TH IpIi illrrcil Id rfrnl "nntilh J«v>l»li". nitli<W "^ _ 



im XXXIII 27B 



■171)- 



Thii is ji toiicoJoaical impossibility. 
Note Ihe reFefanci 10 10 gas chimtwrs" 31 Treblinki. 



, ..mil., iimliT the administration of WVHA I held this position until 
Hi,' mil of the war Fohl, as Chief ol WVHA, and KallenlM imncr, 
,ii ciiii't u-f TtSHA, often conferred personally and frequently com- 
n.k.iiM'iilk'il nrnJIy and in writing concern ing con cen tral i On camps. On 
I ^iiibL-i 194H. I brought n lengthy report regarding Maulbaust-n 
i Hri,>-tiiiMlJufi Carnj> lo Kaltenbrunner al his offke at RSflA, Berlin.. 
n.illH'Jiljiunncr agked me lo g|v* htm a abort oral digest of ihi« 
j,|«>m und said he would reserve any decision until he hid had 

i'.„.-r — 

.* ttti»V\l o ( RudolfFrantFerdmand Hoes*, cont'd 
..ii iippfulumly lo study il In complete detail. Thii report dealt with 
m,i ,i>,iij;nmem tti labor of several hundred prisoners whn had been 
i nntlrrnjH"d Id death — so-called "nameless prisoners.". 

Ii The "final solution" of ihe Jewish question meant the complete 
. . himinaiion at j!l Jews In Europe J was ordered to estaaliih 
■ iWimlnalian facilities at Auachwttz In June ia«. At thai time 
1li<n' were sJreedy iti the general government three, other tacter- 
i.nti3l«cri camps; BELZEK .THEBLINKA »rid WOLZEK. Thesi 
i l.lttpfl were under the Eifiiatzkomm an da of the Security Police and 
SI) I visited Treblinka to find out how they earned out their crter- 

ilmru. The Camp Commandant at Trebllnka told me that he had 

I j>i ■ r n Liu l a-H flO,0!IU in ihe course of one-half vear. He was pricipally 
ii.mvnml with liquidating all the Jews from Ihe Warsaw Ghetto 
ll<' unetl monoicide g» and I did jioi think that his method* were 
m y rfficirnl. So when I jet op ihe extermination building at 

AjUrMte, j Used Cvclon B. which WJi a crystal Inert Fruwlr Afiil 
v lin+i ive dropped mlo the death cihamber from a small opening. It 
twill fmm 3 to IB minutes to kill ihe people in the death chamber 
ili-uendrne; upon climatic conditions. We knfiv when Ihe pimple wcr.- 
' ! ' "*w t, ' lL " L ' ' lJse -tea£ gcreflming itnpped We usually waited flBSal 

-h.ijf hour before we opened the doors and removed the bodies 

Ain-r the bodies were removed our special commandos took off the 
i "!„* and extracted the gold from the teeth ol the corpses. 

'. Another Improvement we made over Trehlmka was that we 
' " ■ - ' ■ ' < l|jr E a * chambers to accommodate 2,0uu people at one time, 
" , ' l,,,u * i " ?< TreblinkM Ihcir 10 c.a;i chamber* p oly accommodated 2(JD 
t^'jUs each. The way we selected our victims wbs as follows: we had 
iMW SB ducior* on duty at Auschwitz to examine the Incoming 
n.iispnns of prisoner? The prisoners would be marched by one ol 
ill.- doctors who would make spot decision? ai they walked by. 
'I'll i *t> who were fit for work were sent into the Camp. Others were 
M-i'l immcdestely to the extermination plant* Children of tender 
M.irs were invariably exterminated since by reason nf their youth 



IMT XXXIII 277 



-171- 

1911 Encyclopaedia SriUirnica, "Prussic Acid" 

| Abo, "W0L2EK never Muted | 



Toxicology— Instantaneous death results from taking the pure 
icid. The diluted form, in toxic quant it ies, will cause symptoms 
usually within a few seeonds. TfrejaaafiflJ |«j nmtf iinrfinsmms . 
the eyes are motionless, thu pupils dilatedTthe skin cold and moist, 
the limbs relaxed, the pulse is slow and barely percept lble, t.M 
respirations very slow and convulsive. Post. worhm } the body se 
livid, and the blood very dark. There may be an odour of pnissic 
acid, hut this soon disappears. 

Treatment is only rarely of use, owing to the rapulny of the 
tosic action, Thr nntient ffiftfi f-itrvivy; half-an-hoiir will prfjb;\|jlv 
rccovt-r . as the volatile acid is rapidly excreted by the lungs. I ho 
drujf kills by paralysing the nm'uiis arrangements of the heart and 
aspiration. The appropriate drug is therefore atropine, which 
stimulates the respiration and prevents the pofnty&M of the heart. 



-172- 

JIIdIh iho slatniU9fll "I understand English as It is 
wrrttin native'' . . whose handwriting is this? 



Mi-n 



they were unable in work SUM another ImpruvFmerH wc made 
over Trobiinka was that at Trebtinki the victims- almost always 

knew that they were To be estemilnaTed. and at Auschwitz: we 
endeavored to too] the victim* lnlo think ine. thai they were TO fio 
throuflh u deloutlng process. Of course, frequently ihfry realized 
our true intention* and tve nometimes had rials and (Fifficyltses due 
to that fact. Very frequently women would hJdc their children 
under thr clolhes; but of course when we found them we would *e»td 
The children i n t t^ exterminated. We Were required Id carry out 
these exterminations in. secrecy but of course the foul and nauseating 
flench from the eanllnuQUJi burning of bodies permeated ihe entire 
Mies and All ol (he people living in the surrounding comm unities 
knew thai ex^ernlnalitint were going on ut Auschwitz- 

fl. We rscfrhftd from ipf tn lime special prisoners from The local 
Geslapo oiflce. "The 55 doctors killed jsudi prisoners by injections 
at benzine, Doctoni hftd orders to write ordinary death certificate* 
and could put down any rrasnn at all tor the cause of death 

i). Front time lo time we conducted medical experiments an 
women i nma lea, including steiiiiiatian and experiments relating to 
cancir Musi o[ the pea pie who died under these experiments hat 
been already condemned to death by Ihn Gestapo. 

10. Rudolf Mildner was the chief of the Get! ape jt Kattowicz 
(intf a.i much w'Qf hrud at thr pnlmcel department nl Au*riiu'if= u'hjcli 
conducted iFitrd degree method* of im^rr pga ti cm Irom a ftproxjin a ! ely 
March 3941 until September 1943, As such, he frequently uent pris- 
oners to Ausehwiti for Incarceration Dr eiecutlon He %'iillefl 
Auschwitz on «#ver»i occ-fls'slons. The Gestapo Court, the SS Stund- 
gericht. tvhieh tried pcrDons accused of various Crimes, such as 
eicapinji Prison erA or War. etc , frequent ty met within AuJtthwHz, 
and Mildner often attended the trial af such persons, who usually 
were executed in Auttchwiiz following their s*nlencc_ 1 showed 
Mitdtier throughout the esderminHlioii plant it Auschwiti fln d he 
wii diret-lly interested in it since he had t« send the Jews from hid 
territory for execution at Auschwitz.*) 

- frte* a - 



Aiuaivii oi rtfinuir rnoi )'ci-dintiid tiiieti, ccd- 

titiued 

I unrip ret and Engliib a It la written ■bcve - Ths iboue state- 
ment* are true, this dec Jara lion n nmde by me voluntarily ind 

*l HaanKril I ml iny rlifm Hi ft| F ffltfttg irnknir Ju ]'«rif ii|il> rrj»fcp« rill' l»M two 
fpnlrrn" PI hlfchris in Pre »1r**ifn mil in tub " Miidu^i \„*rbt\, ,r-,-,t p^i- |fi|jijn 



ruri.tioifM || Amdi^iu", mnifh: Tiimilim .11 ..h iV. M I. . fun J. 1„ ill] JiTr r 
jhiii i ijT_i [in] Tin, liriioiirf hi.mli! linn In niHf|ii:J umitJ llir mil nlLitr fu 

*"•* 0C*|EB1_"" 



IMT XXXIII 2'S 



-171- 

Nptn Una I the English is. letter- twrfed but the 

US Arm) 1 nflicer h»] mis-speller! his own name. 

(Italics indicate signatures.) 



i-pa 



u'MlirrLl t compulBlcrn ; iflcr reading ovtr the *UlemFnl, J have i]£n«l 
i.'il uxeculL-d the Himc at Nurnbfrg, Germany on the fifth diy fll 
April 19*6. 



RUDOLF FRANZ FERDINAND HOESS 



SiiluribeH and sworn tO before rn« this 
- 1 1 U day at ApiJl, 19J0, Bt Nurnt*erg, 
■ Mimaliy. 

\>nilh W JJroakhaTtll. Jr. 

SMITH W BHOOKHARDT, JR., 
LT COLONEL, _ iCD 



HuCUMEXT 3H70-P5 

AFFIDAVIT BY HANS MARSALEK II APRIL l£i4V. CONCEENiNG HI'-. 
INTERROGATION. 12 MAY 1Mb. OF FBANZ K1EREJS, COMMANDANT 
01 THE CONCENTRATION CAMP MAUTHAUSEN FTtOM FEBRUARY 

IJiSS TILL THE END OF THE WAlt: NUMBER OF THD5E CONFINED 
IS MAUTHAUSEN' AND AFFILIATED CAMPS; COMPOSITION OK 
THE CAMP GUARD; MCMOER METHODS AND DATA ON THE 
NUMBER OF INMATES MURDERED; E1EREIS PERSONALLY MUR- 

UErtFTJ *.IH»; NAMES OF OTKEFt PEKSONS RESPONSIBLE FOR 
MASS MURDERS, INCLUDING HIMMLER AND KALTENBRUNNEB: 
MANUFACTURE OF HOUSEHOLD AHTICLE5 FROM HUMAN SKIN , 
J'ilQDUCTlQN OF FOHCED POUND NOTES IN THE CAMt\ POFjCTP 
MARCH ION FOOT] OF JEWS KMPLGYEIJ ON SOUTHEAST WALL 
TO MAUTHAUSEN. PERSONAL STATEMENT &Y HANS MAflfiALEK: 
liALTENBRUNNER'S PRESENCE AT KILLINGS IN MAUTHAUSEN. 
KAHLY SUMMER 1B43. BCHlRACHS VISIT TO MAUTHAUSEN 
AUTUMN ll)« (EXHIBIT U5A-797; 



HFSCHRtlDL'KGs 

1 "I'll inf i11m Sfiim Ti 



Eldesstji till die ErkUierunfi 

von 

HiniKi rsl lek . 



IMT XXXIII 279 



-J?4- 

Dinct examination of UVi&Ficuny showing correct spelling for Brookhail'i name 
Did HUB really sign his nam* ih* American way? 



COL. AMEN. I have no more queaticrjc. 

THE PRESIDENT: That will do; lhank you, 

(Tni wit new left the ttend} 

COL, AMEN: The nest witness to be called by the Praswiitjon is 
Dieter Wisliceny. That witness will be. eJHmliied by Lieu tftnsn' 
Colonel Smith W Brookhart, Jr. 

{The vErneti, Wuliitnf/, took the ttand.J 

THE PRESIDENT: What is your name? 

DIETER WISLICENY (Witness! r Dieter Wisliceny. 

THE PRESIDENT: Will you repeat this oath: "I swear by 
Cod — the Almighty and Omniscient— that I will apeak the pure 
truth — and will withhold and add nothing " 

P'ht witness repeated the oath J 

THE PRESIDENT: Please speak slowly and pause between 
questions and onswers- 

T.mnrivrAr^T <v>r.rwFT.. smith w. brook-hart, jr. ja«js>- 
anl Trial Counsel far the United State*): How aid are you? 

WISLICENY: Im» yeau old, 

LT. COL BROOKHART: Where were you bomT 

WlSUCENV: ( was born it Hejrulawken In East Prussia, 

LT. COL BHOOKHART: Were you a member ol the NSDAP? 

WISLICENY: Yen, I wu a member of Ule N5DAP. 

LT. COL BHOOKHART: Since what year? 

WISLICENY: I entered the NSDAP first in 1931. was then struck 
off the lilt and entered finally In 1933. 

LT, COLBROOKHARTr Were you a member of lb* SS? 

WISLICENY': Yes, I entered the SS In 193 V 

LT. COL BROOKHAHT: Were you a member of the GcstapoT 

WISLICENY: In 1934 I entered the 5D. 

LT.COL BROOKHAHT: What rank did you achieve? 

WISLICENY: In 1910 I w« promoted to SS Houptstwmrubrer. 

LT. COL, BHOOKHART: Do you know Adolf Elchmann? 

WISLICENY: Yes, I have known Eichmann iince 1934, 

LT- COL. BftOOKHART: Under what circumstances? 

WISLICENY: We joined the SD about the Same lime, in 1934. 
Until 1937 we were- together tn the name department. 

LT. COL BHOOKHART: How well did.you know Eichmaiui per- 
■onaliy? 

WISLICENY: We knew eadi other very welL We used the 
intimate "do, 1 * and I also knew hie family very well. 

IMT IV W 



-175- 

If Hinnkhart spoke German, why is the Ho& tonleswan 
in English? Why are ihe names mis- spelled? 



*»-PS 



In, liuiUjiilir 1642 wurde uns vom Chel der BieherheUgpoliTci 
L l( | J.-, El J in Berlin GDF*)w*gen gaschi<*.t. Dies* Wag™ wurtei 
yiim Ami II des RSHA MEcstidll. Der Mann, dtr fuer die Wagen 

„„. , EimalLgiujipt VeranivJOIIliGh wfir, war Becker. Wir 

l.jKii.ti Ihrthl «h>H«n, die Wager, iuor die TtKlung vnn Friuen 
vml Kindmi m bcnulzen, Jedei Mai wenn efne Elnheit eine 
(,'inmLinHi- Anzahl von Opfem nigeEaininell barte, wurde ein 
Winn" ft»!?r dic UquSdierurvg ee&andl. Wit hallen aueh diese 
f.(r"jiViij-cn In dtr Waebe dej DurchganflElBB" slatloniert, in die 
tin :ij>ri'r eebnefat wurden. Den Opfem wurde g.esa&., daas lie 
uiiii'.i ■uiedvH wciden wuerden uiid iu diesem Zwedie in die WaEen 
i.1 , ,|rii mufsilen- D»iiflch wurden die Tucren ifeachlosseri, und 
il if 1 1 Pi dan Ingmngsetzim o'er Wopen HTdmltf dfllf Gaj fftt.") Die 
tjjif« Ftprbcii InH) bi« 15 Minulen, Die Wflgen wuiden dann 
fiim liL'nracbnJsplflii eefahren. wo die Letcher Jjerausecnarnmen 

liinl ljegrnbcn wurden.. 

Mi Iinbc drn Bcridhl von STAm-ECKER fDnkumetil UMI ueber 

j: (Ugi'iippe A fitsehen, in weltbem SlnhledcM belmuptel. diss 

hi iiiu Ouppe J S10W Juden und Knntmunlrten in den fT*tcn vler 
Mnunlin der Aklion getoelel hat Ich konnle SlflhlHker persnMilldi, 
mill ich bin dfii Aniiihl, diss dn Document nuUienlirch id. 
Msrti hal tnir den Brief Kerrifil, deft BECKER an RAUFT. lien 
]*rlu-r der TechntKhen Abiellung von Ami II, beiMeglich der Ver- 
KfndUM difrscr Gaf')wa£eA geiehrieben hal. Ich kaiurie dliiBen 
In fcL>n Maenner peraaenlidi, und bin der Anficht, dues dleser Brief 
tin ouilicnlisdneB Dokumcnt let. 

Olilcnderf 

V*nr mir untcrachrieben und beschvjoren "m 5. November IB46 in 
NurintJfi'B. Deutscbland. 



Smith W. BrooJcJmrt JV^. 

U-Col. ;CP 



P-Dhlrtidor'- 

tilt Kertj/, RtpoTtcT 



"i fUn Tnlrn (hi friiliAm'i 
"J (iii i di< Cat luff Jti-Hi {■■ iniiiHi't) 



JMT JtXXt <! 



-176- 

THHRB IS NO PROOF OF ANY "HOLOCAUST. Instead of proof, 
what we get is a mixture of the following techniques: 

The Quote-thc-Affidavit-Techniqiic: consists of "quoting" "affidavits" no 

one has ever seen, said to have been signed by "witnesses" no one has 

ever heard of. said to be in the possession of the prosecutor . , , 

The Quotc-the-Wimess-Technique: consists of "quoting" the "testimony" 
of "witnesses" said to have "testified" before dozens of Communist "War 

Crimes Commissions" . . , 

The Quotc-Your-Own-Accusations-Technique: consists of writing a 

"report" detailing the alleged misdeeds of the defendant, then simply 

"quoting" it for thousands of pages . . . 

The Certify-That- Your*Fvidenee-is-Evidence-Technique: consists of coming 

to court with an exhibit the authenticity, origin and significance of which 

are unknown, then simph "certifying" that it is what you say it is. thus 

avoiding the need to prove anything , . . 

The-Insuh'the-Defendant'Technique: consists of making political speeches 

calling the defendant a "murderer" and a "torturer" for thousands of 

pages thus avoiding the need to prove anything . . . 

The Quote-the-Confes^on-Technique: consists of obtaining the defendant 

or accomplice's signature on a "statement" usually written in a language 

he can't read, then "quoting" it six million times. 



MADE IN RUSSIA - THE HOLOCO$T 

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-177- 
The Pflison MushrDom" - another series ol Stjeicher cartoon*. 




IMT XXVIII 



304 



'He has |iin hiteii baptized and 1 Isn't a Jew any moie." 



iTTi.>'i 




„Hu tauf* Ejar am tfcni l?ln** Wdpjiittti Rrtui^i. 






IMT XXV in 



3.1 ft 



J a wish Worn Studies in the classrmjm 



m* )■'• 





ikt xxyin 



3ca 



-IKU- 



WHo Fights ihH Jew. Cont*i»rfs With thn Devil." 



vv-. f -• 




,©*r ptqt* &#it 3u**n fampK. < itt fl f mi| * ,rT1 X*"M-* j-mm **■**» 



: . . , ■: ; :■ j 



IMT XXVIII 



>44 



-ISE- 
Wfost ihese cartnnns ire uippose is plow . 




..".■■.. . ■ ■. ■. 










iii> ■ JM& 



S W^fJl**- 



IHT XXVIII 



ISO 



• IS2- 

. ra thai STiBictiur 'InflunnceiT ttna German people into 
"gating" Six Million Jaws, 



ITTl I'll 





lh*r. 1Mr*t t Wit ft* «f<w* qraj £*%* ! »t*T Mt 6 * *"W <■»* briftt^Li imt 



' 



IttT XXVIII 



323 



SiraicMni soul 1 1 months on IfjdI Dt Nuremberg and was penmtic-ri 
to lasuly quite troely 



t;i i- 








IHT XXVI II 



326 



an flicirpi Irqm Stieicher'i testimony 



n April 4i 

The FroaccutLun accuse you, in ronn^ction with this ritual 
murdt-r affair, of having treated th* rmittt-r withaul documentar y 
proof, by referring to a story from the Middle Ages "WhaL in brief, 
was your iQuref 1 ? 

STRE1CHEK: The sources were glucn In that issue- Nothing 
wa^ wntlen without the sources being given it the same tune 
There was reference ma lie fo a b<soW written Jn Greek by i former 
Kabbj who had been converted to Christianity Ttl*re was refer- 
ence made la a publication of a high clergymen of Milan, a book 
which ha* appeared in Germany for the last 50 yeara. Not even 
under the democratic government did Jews raise objections to tbal 
book, "Than ritual murder isiroe refers to court flics which are 
located in Rome,: it feferi to files which arc in Court There- ire 
pictures in it which shew that In 23 cases the Church itself has 
'dealt wilh thia question The Church has canonized 23 non-Jews 
killed by ritual murder. Pictures, of sculptures, that is, of alone 
monuments were shown ai illustrations, everywhere the source was 
pointed out: even a case In England Was mentioned, and one in 
Kiev, Russia- Bui in this connection J should like to say, to, I said 
to a Jewish officer here, thai we never wanted to amerL that all 
Jewry was ready now to commit ritual murders, But 11 is a fact 
that Within Jftwry there cxtats A sect which engaged in Ihe&C 
murders. *md has done SO Up Until the presenl I haVs asked ttIV 
counsel Id submit to the Court a Hie from FLsek in t^cd^tovakla^ 
very recent proceedings A court nf appeal has cQ-nflrmed > case of 
ritual murder. Thus, in conclusion 1 must say 

MR JUSTICE JACKSON: I abject to this statement, Your 
Honor. After hia counsel has refused to submit It, he insists on 
■tating here the contents of. a court record Now this Ls not an 
orderly way Id make charges against the Jewish people. Streicher 
cavR he Le atkini* counael to iuhmil. Hjg.eount.cl apparently has 
refused, whereupon he starts to ifLVEi evidence of what he knows , 
in any cose* If a resume! of the matters which his courusel haA 
declined to Rubmft here. It seem* to me thai haying unpointed 
counsel to conduct his case, he has shown reooatedlv that he Is not 
willing to conduct his case In an orderly manner and he ought to 
be returned to his cell and any rurth.tr statements that he wlshei 
to make to this Court transmitted through Ml counsel In writing 
ThiJi in entirely unfair and in contempt of Court 

THE PRESIDENT: Dr Marx, I think you had better eontrnue 

DR. MAR?;: I should like to any thai that closes this affair 
The ejisemiBl thing is whether one can say thai he ireaie^ the case 
■■vi:f.. J ut ^Liin^nlajy_j.'tti gf The Defend i> not Interealeej in the 

affair flit all, and, accnrdTnC lo my recollection, I even suggested to 



*n 



ItfT Xll 



-185- 

while HudoH HiKS *m hustled in and out nl court in liall nf art mining session 
and disappeared rnrewer HiMi was never trifld in any wn-Cnminiinisl country, 

HoB was i 'dalense witness" callnd by Ka I leubi whim's 
cdurt-appawtfld "doleftse Inwyar". 



mi It*. 










IKT XXVIH 33 ° 



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Return to MADE IN RUSSIA THE HOLOCO$T PART TWO 
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The Website of Carlos Whitlock Porter 



Fiflean days fcarliir HdH had np hnawtadge of English whatsoever 



TU-D 

9, Uebtr die Vtrwendijng der Mannsdia f ten «t iu bemerlcen, dasa 
kcm UntEnchi^d hinsLcbLtJch das Dienate* im. Lager oder mil 
der Wachtruppe host and Person at ton rite zuerst turn Warfi- 
diensl Utld dann 2um DlpcisI jm Lager herangtizojjen werdeu. 
Wemi JcmJLttd ;ur ZufriEdimheit dei Kommandanten lm Lflgcr 
Dienst tat — KonimandanTLfrstflh undSehutihaftiaEer — so wurde 
er lellttn 2ur Wache- zurueekveraetit. 

Karl Tiriznu-tiT 

Swam b.efgre m* th.il IS 
day ol March l94fi at the 
Mit.Giiv.Pris^n at A1.TOWA 

A.P Fnjfrtfjf, Afajor 
K.CASr 

HQ. JWii.GoL. 
frame 3 tad t /JnH.burp 



00 Ct WEST 7^«f(j]-D 

DEPOSITION OF RUDOLF HOfSjfr. FOfUMER COMMANDAJTT OF 
AUSCHWITZ CONlTENTR.Vnr>tf CAMP. ATMINDENGAOL, SO At ARCH 
1949. REGARDING THE 55 PERSONNEL EMPLOYED AT AUSCHWITZ 
{EXHIBIT USA-fin) 



STATEMENT 

Made voluntarily at Mmden Gaol by RLTDQLF HOESS. 
farmer Commandant at AUSCHWITZ Concentration Camp, 
on the 20th of March 1P46. 



1 I was Commandant a£ the Con centratLDncam p AUSCHWITZ from 

I May 19-10 to the first of December IftJ. 

3 When I toak up my duties there were, approximately GO men 

Wltt»n 9A m tfunril nl*tf*->n unrl 19-1 % m-n ffijl^r tJS a* Ul"l 






IMT XXXV 4B1 



-JH7- 
Heie he signed in affidavit which hail tt> be irHiisMed inlo Germnn Ini him 
< note ihe cnirecT German spelling of Mali's name) 



mwo 



At the time I relinquished my command there were 3000 men 
Waffen SS srv-inp as guardu, 300 man Waffen 5S as Cam pat nd, 
ftnHi KEiu<lkLE»r 200 men Waffen SS employed on other admin ii:t<i- 
tiv* duties, alJ told 35D0 men Waff en SS at Ihe Concenirahon- 
aiunp AUSCHWITZ, 

Out of those who served originally at the tamp, approximately 
3500 men Waff en SS were posted to field units and replaced by 
others, ao that during my term of aerv]ce all told $n00 men 
Waffeo-SS served at one time or another nt AUSCHWITZ. Alter 
my departure this exchange of personnel continued, and \ should 
say another 1000 men Waden SS were replaced up to the lime 
qE the evacuation at the Camp In 1045, so thai all told approxi- 
mately "Llflu men Widen SS havu served at one time or another 
at the Concentration Camp AUSCHWITZ. 

Que* a man hpd been selected from the guard troop* for service 
with the dump Jft*fl> he remained With the staff, un3tSS posted 
away from the camp, 



Rudolf Hop 



Witnessed by me, CapLA-VolEmar, 
XXH Dragnans, an officer oE the 
Judge Advocate General "a Depart- 
ment, HQ, BAOR, at Minden Gaol tn 
Germany on th:s 2&th day of March 
lfi-tfl 

A, VoUmar Capt. 

JAG BRANCH* 

HQ BAOJt 



I hereby certify that I have accurately tranalated_,thiJi deposi- 
tion from English into German to the said deponent Rudolf JfflCJj 
and that he fully aarees the canteiils ihereuf 



StfcL A. VoWmaT, Cap*. 

JAG Brandi 

KQ BAQR 

M March me 



TMT XXXV 4fl3 



-1SS- 
. . . which H oiiis to ItBvs bean Hon* o*ify H The depuniat didn'r wide rati nd English 



tHr*i-B 

J fOM prftte the fallowing detail* ccx regard* ptrtonnel employed on 

fl/nard" or ndrrumrfratiue dutier tn this camp. 

(af The commandants itatf eompriied 9fl mafcej attd approji- 

mater^ ISO /effidZM LjFiC (uere empfojjed in dufciei at Ru r f. Kt.jrj r u efc 

itself, another 300 femalei (approximately) user? fmpZoy*d in 

.'lusi^t«tjrfii»(fln.dM Urna also belonged to the staff. All their bath 

■moit and jthiutt u'*re mfmbri -nj the SS. 

(b} The number 5/ German Guard personnel in RaL'tnsbrudt 

itttlf was approximately 20tJ and in the Austrnkommavidoa 

approximately 350. Thebe Were all male* and all members af Ik* 

Waff en SS and not the AUgemmMien SS- 

(rf AH fcmalet employed on duiiti in or otiuida the catnp irere 

member* of thr Wnfrn SS and not In* AUgsmeinrn SS and ihlw 

applied also :d ad males. 

(di SS male guard perrapuif [ did not belong to any rpctial SS 

unit but iJr*r award unit ttxelf wan known, di 5S Tottnkapj Wach- 

fltinnbanTi, 

2, In Rai'rni truck therE id ere approximately £0 Cn?iJian Empluyic; 
rampriiiiifi inch, trade* am pluuiaert r etecMiriu.nj, rarpenter*, Ite 
and Cney lived in the J3arracfci outjid* the camp walls. They 
lucre all released personnel from Sachsenh avs€ n Concentration 
Camp. There were attv approximately 20 civilians mho worked 
In tht factories belonging to tht SS arganijatfou and which u.'i?re 
oejt tt> the Camp itxsl} These /acton e* employed otJieTunflr- OftEy 
fnEfi-n«l;i of HavenrbriJck. fritz Suhren 



Sworn by t^i md deponem Fritx Suhrw troEuniqnr^ atHa S CtC on 
ihiz ftth day of March JiMff before mc, Cap! -A V*a timer gn officer of 
ihe ./udoe Adiwati G*n*rsf J i Branch HQ BAOR AJVD J HERE0T 
CERTIFY fhflt *h* Jtiipf df foment not undt>rst c indi??\} Kr\-.jU:!i tfus 
dsposititm ttiflS franjjfltgd by mpitul/ t# Fiim frffiu't li^iw f ti r ■? an-i hi : 
fiitij/ us^f^tl the contend ther*o/. 

A VoUmar Caps, 

JAG Eranch 

HQ BAOR 

I hereby, ce w L\$y That f hay* g re u r a l$l \/ ErttnjtflHrtf IhlJ. dgprnnlum 
/ f ^ rn Fit i/3 e.;. 11 ! i ?l t n Qe mm n m iUr w i ri rim ym mt Fn(J SUHRE&J and 
that hp fully agrees the contents thereo/. 

A V till mar Cnpt, 
JAG Branch 
S March 40 UQ BAOR 

No $ CIC 



IMT XXXV 4** 



tS^r 



BQ BAOR. AND I HEREBY CERTIFY that the Mai d deponent npt_ 
una .rTiitamdiT ta Ennluh thij dep osition ttf« trnn^ted by mi^elf ty 
him oerDrT^^naru're and ihof fur>Liy eorrtd th* counts lh*r* D f, 

A, VdUmar Cap^ 

JAG Branch 

HQ BAOR 

j J^nny rn-tifu that I hflug accural e^ tTanrinftfd ihLr d«p«iiifla 
frgmgnqj^ into fle^i £° *h* said di^^a Anion KAJNDL and 
thai h* fully flOT-E*fJ the content* the rpaj . 

A-VoUmaf CapE, 
JAG Branch, 
HQ BAOH 
6 JWarcJi 46 
K(» 5 CIC 



. _ ■_ i 



DOCUMENT 7451 bl-U 

AFFIDAVIT OF ANTON KAINDL, FORMER EOMMAMDANT OF 
5ACHSENHALSEN CONCENTRATION CAJWP. 19 MARCH 1S4& 
HEGARtllHG THE STRENGTH AND COMPOSITION OF THE CAMP 

PERSONNEL (EXHIBIT USA-U12J 



BESCHHElElt^T, 

>lUi Ti 



Eidesitatilicii* A^^sagu 



de*KAWDL t Anton 

Qthoren 14 Juli IWJi? N Miittchum 

iut Zttt in Kfl 5 Civilian !tt[<rrrim*nt Camp 

I Id% war KcunmATtdOTit d« KaTiZKntTClioial^tra SACRSEN- 

HAUSEN vvm 22 Avgurt 194* fail End* Apidl/An/anp Mai 1JJ45- 

I Zu 0ei?inn wwmeJ Dienaiantritteir htstand die Wachnmrttwcha/ 1 
* d«-Ko«*Pisndantuolnb nut Wafftn H.aKh in a Ii«n 1 980 Warm, 



IMT XXXV 



4M 



-1W- 



ln many cases there u no real proof thai these men even knew 
whai they wtn signing. 



1UI<PA 

v -.irxui:lu>n with dor experimental slatliaji, knnwlng everything 
Lh.it wtnt on and ordered what happened KA5CHEH was just 
* pt-lly tnootf in a hi ah posii]on and ihu only reaaon I gm aLve 
i 4 liv.it HA5CHER hmj to have rflr with him. RASCHER look 
M* orders frpm thaw men I have jusl named and thpsu men 
■Ti' r-c-'l Dci?s [ wuutd \mt tu get far what w« had tu s(?e a? 
IJ.nhiiU. That i* all I have to say. 

T.^timony adjourned at ICQi} liuur* no 13 May 1945 

Antun Pad^olegg 
A LTFST 

fhtifid Chawi Jr. 



DAVID CHAVEZ. JR. 

CuLunel, J.A.CxD I MrtHy that the above T.estimon^ 

[iw^atL^atnr-Esumcn^r wasjra n a -a I i-d In lh L - wan^:. in h.; 

own JiirJUJiit;^, pr at in }i; :> jjji- 
nafurft, w bLch appears ab^iVt' 



"^:a CONCKNTBATTON AND FRtSOKER-OF-WAR CAMPS" 

^'.k'ilHSTrCATIONS AND EXPLANATION OF THE PICTURES IN A 
M MAtJEl BV THj-. UNITED STATES. ARMY AFTER THE LIBERA- 
TION 4>F THE CAMF'ii ALSO PICTURE^ TAKEN FROM THE DOCU- 
■Vm ggSjMA ^T, JBB, 363. 381. m-7 (EXHIBITS R¥,&n AND 
* II. fllMSSf, WHICH ILLUSTRATE TYPICAL SCENES IN CONCEN- 
I'MAnttW CAMP5 i'EXHIMIT USA-7UI 



nn wynrnv notes 

•■'"I -iTliNrfctf nn.l nFfi.li^il, an*; Erli A rrrf|G,.if roj P > , £,>,. U, (L D< 
"■L Fib f. r cirHitu Cnj^l 

n «AZJ CONCENTRATION' CAMFS" 

A Documentary Mutton Picture 

Submitted on behalf of 

U S. ChLe( ot Counsel 

Jjmus B. Donovan 
Commander, USNR 

Of Counsel 

IMT XXX ^ 



■m+ 



ttM-FB 

1,1 T ■" — 

ATTEST. 

£3 G. Pnettrn 

DAVID G PASTON 
U Col (SMC 

In V esllgat-OT-Eji a nu oer 

I nrlily t hat llu j ahov^ lesllmcwy was iranalaiEjd id thu wiir-jess 
nl |tl4 oi. vtt langm^ F^ir 1u Itjfe si^niilurL, -Alnrti apprars above, 

Louis L CHOY 
Ttc 4 WQIKHG 
Interpreter 



liliCLMLENT 383S-PS 

■M" HCJi OF THE CHIEF OF SECURITY POLICE AND 5P, 5 APRIL 

|n I J, CONCERNING THE TREATMENT OF ENEMY FLIERS WHO 
NAVi; iJEKNSHDT DOWN THEY AftE TO BE CHAINED. IN CERTAIN 
(AMIS TO BE SHOT IMMEDIATELY: NO INTERFERENCE BY POLICE 
II 'J HE AIRMEN AR.E ATTACHES BV THE PEOPLE (EXHIBIT 
PSA-HDCl 



I '-i.Hltl'i]irN?T 

h. ,| I'Iim [ Millet „53, Aii-.OjtipriJiijr Sl|i: ..Miniilrrinil E"mp..r 13 APE l r Jll"l 

- I ... 1..+,, *o» 5*JLe 1't „S*.l5"44f" thi] I u r m EAc Ton Srjlr ll w Sl 

HFihL l\ f — 37"*ll III", ifirin ,.Fl" |*iU mjitl I , 'Up wHlff^Ti Aftgjlirn bi 



:i- r Che:" der Sicberbcitspolizei Berlin, den &. Apri] 1Q44 

imd des SJP G«h*lim itiridtiitfhei 

IV AS-B.Nr 220;44fRi, 110 Ausfertlgimgen. 

JJ.AuHfeiiicTJbjJ- 
.; .■"■. i l till? 

Bdehlabibex 

und Inspekleure der Sicherheilfipobiel 

und das SD 

(,'ur miJridhdUMl B*ksnnt(jH bt an dk 
npfhgHjrdueten EbenstneUon > 

1 ' Willi it ,,.[; "Wif Crannn Invd^nn* Tmm M"6, APti T77, US Arm J, 
^M„irn. AupUJi", »m»ijitil In Mil* Jul, m,1,ilrJ "DC*"" 



IMT XXXIII 243 



■ 192 



Q. Did you far « ff EICRUBER Ln MAUTBAUSENT 

A. 1 think I saw him. The visitor* were announced and the names, 
but t dd not know whether they were these people. 

Q Did you ev*r nee HIMMLER in MAUTHAUSEN? 

A. Ytt 

Q. Who w« with him? 

A. The whole staff. 

Q. Waa KALTENBRUN^ER with him? 

A. KALTENBRUNNER Li a dark fellow, I know him from the 

cremator] urn, but I cannot uy whether he was with HIMMLER 

I remember HIMULEK hy his mpnode. 
Q. Diril you ever see SCHRAC11ASE thareT 
A. No. 

Session sojourned it l«30 hour* 

ALBERT T1EFENBACHER 



ATTEST: D G Pastm 

DAVID G PASTDN 
Ll Col QMC 

In veif.-.ga lor- Examiner 

1 certify that the above testimony wag irangjitcd to th e witnesi 

m h» own lannuafie. prior tt> Ins aignalure." whLth appe ar* above. 

Louli L Crqy 
Lcujs.L CROY 
Tec 4 4601020* 
Interpreter 

SECttlT 



'\ Or Mi! iri]; "V** Crime* [a*eiil«itm fl Tr.m 6SG6, APO T77, US A" 
Itliburf, Amij-li". nupqd ■* btut ink, miiiiltit " 1 IHJP"' 



1HT XXXIII * M 



I'.'J- 



HU-t't 



tincl b*ndl den BL-Jehlni des FuhTirs *u folgtn und ielnc Auflriljie 
mil eanzcAi Einsau iu crluHfP, u^Li Bio in all™ DLnficn niifab 

PTjdLTL-i sem woli™ Utf tin? TiJicpj' dcr Id*.-. d« ^tuxkc Arm d w 
BrwuQUllg. dt!T sir-hire Riicfchall d« Volkes unil die offcrbctELtf 

und arfiri'pTsfrL'udjBe Inianterk des deulsJien Vulkts 



DOCUMENT 2176-PS 

HXJRACT *5I©M THE RlMtT OP EHE JUDGE ADVOCATE. Tllli:i> 
UNITED STATED AflMV. l«r JU*?: 1IM. ON MAUTHAUSEN CONCEN- 
TRATION GAMP AND ITS BJlANtTir.* AND P^WMATfa Of 
FOUR TflYSTCAL EXHIBITS lUXHIJITT USA -2451 



Tin- L.1 P f Mhimn «|J Ui*l« iWttOftjf » urn "■]w<*il<"*a 



CONFIDENTIAL 

HEADQUABTERS 

THIRI> VNTTEU STATES AflMY 

OITiw tit lh<? Judge Advocate 

APO H03 
AG D31! (3 JA - 1^1 CNMCJ " J«" fi 1345 



SUBJECT. Bep*rl of lnyeidifiBliftn p$ Alleged War Crim**- 
TO: amm.rdinit General. Twelfth Army Group. AFO *55< 

If. B, Army 

I, AUTHORITY 

1 ThlA InvrtligpiJanWiPodmilMted in conformity with l^llor. 
Europe n Ihrsler of Opr ration*. 54 February 1!HS. by fj\lGEtftS_ 
COHEN, ASN (M573321, Major, -61 4lh Qn D rltTmasl*r Group, A ru 
<til iWlrt Slates Army. invDEUgJi tor-Ex a miner, cmrlng W P™ 
| M.v 1945 It. 15 JUn* 1045. and pursuant to diritfti™ _oJ p™"* 
inr, nn^rul. Third Uftttfid S^lta Army. ■ ittpy O. which UT irtladH* 
a» Exhibit 1. 

I«T XXIX 306 



■194- 



I] r MATTERS INVESTIGATED 

%; Murder by shooting, besting, use of poison ges, dro wrong, 
,i;i.irvlog LfiJrtLloriii. atoning- exposure, burning, ind choking of 
Actionals of twenty- [bret* ^2'A) nations, including members of the 
United Stoles arm ed ' forces, of the German civilian population 
working under the German armed farces ind of other nationals 
under the Orders of said German Armed forced, in violation of 
Afljtie 7 of the Geneva Prisoner of War Convention (Far 73,. Rule? 
Hf L-nnd Warfare, Article 2 or same, Far 35, 1&, 30, and 31, Rules 
uf L^nd Warfare). 

in. PROCEEDINGS 

3. b Tlifr laEttmOny of all witnesses examined In the course 

of this Investigation and which J.v attached and made a part hereof 
was secured thrtjugh the OS£ of Interpreters where requisite, after 
Ilk' witness had been StVqtti by me, through I he interpreler, under 
the pulhority of Article of War 114, in the following, form: "Yon 
wyi& (or affirm} thai the evidence yon shall give In this invwtk 
It. i lion now being conducted by mu shell be the truth, the whole 
1 1 gth. and nothing but lb* truth So help yOu God." Where priftl- 
i7i 1 lie, Ihe witness was given an op pari unity to sign hjg tE-JiIirvninv 
jn In'.- nriacikttf ;ir,^ iu a'- eas^s, i I wa s si c ni J a f U ) su ■ J t t lt.1 i mqny 

K.nH >uvnT* fdifI Via-r-li (r, llip- u'H r;pBt iri Mr flWfl la T\ ITia V i- tW the 



i — ri nrti " rv j " ■■—>■■ ■■■■ "■■- -.-•---■j -■ ■■^-■> .-,^--„-. -j ,-.-.- 

.ir.u-rinTtEr The u^ r»f a ^Lfn^jnphir T;Tior1er Wai ImErartif abfe 
un-'Imt existing can d i.1 LaflJt 

The interpreter wbe sworn in the following form: "Ifau swear 
lor affirm) thai you will tfuS.y interpret ibis investigation now being 
rundurted by me. So help you God," 

b. The transcribed testimony of efldi SUdfi witness whose 
name Is below listed b hereto a-tiathed as an Exhibit — the number 
of which, is Indicated immediately following the witness' nH me As 
n further aid, the name of eficb Limp in the chain nt which the fiild 
Exhibit wax prepared Lt listed alongside the name of the witness: 



c- Other Exhibits 

Deier l pt I on 

[a) (Exhibit 4 Li a report by an JnlcrnattCTIB] Committee 
iel up by this Investigation, and same U sworn to in due form by 
the two witnesses named 



IMT XXIX 

See aleo IMT III - 410 



Another en ample cil the ondlass linguistic permutations typical 
ol all Nuremberg "evidence" 

m*ClWEm 2285-PS 

SWORN STATEMENT, U MAY VH% BY LIEUTENANT CO LG TV ft. 
(JUtViVNTE DE' SAINT GAET AMU L NTt-TENA NT JEAN VEJTJrl, OF 
TEES VRENC11 AH MY. RELATING TO "ACTION K tKUGELj" (BULLET 
ACTION | IN MAUTHAUSEN CONCENTRATION CAM!- iKXHtniT 



COHFIDEMTlAL 

AFFIDAVIT 



Bufhrt me, Lieutenant Colonel Henry H Mi*e^ JACU. personalty 
.-ippvarcd Lleulcnun! Cfllrjnnl GuJ Vault' dt! Saint Oast and L.t feu tenant 
JlIftH Vellh, both tif the French AlTO y. who Were made known lu 



m<\ a lid Who being by me firs! duly sworn TTmite Kli e fpll outing 
^jli-mLnt in the har.rlu.-j y.lmg uf LLrulena nt Vg]th under oath: 

T/n* uufIfl-r.Tpy7i#(!: 

Ghrtciante dip Srattit Ga.9t, Lt Cnfani't, Chaj de Mj^iari d* J**t ClaKin, 
Curt? d'idtntil* prjIJit^tr* hCHA MCPA Prtrt^untatrf Wo. Stth mjna* 
(rfcule FFV LOlHtfr*! RUl. Carte de Repuirii* No. 73352 delivered in 
^JinCCy (France; (prefer nf Miiinon 0/ the PfaV mi tmul GvtotmTntmi. 
t\f thr. Fnnch RtpubMr, (Vfinlstry pjf pripoflneT? anr/ Beptirtcn* daisd 
Mlir) -lift. /9^5 JVo. H5SV*. Dc*ar[*Ed m the Cuncenttcdmn CttTnjl of 
Mittithnutsn Jrnm Martfi I 8th J944 till A P nJ tend 1345. Ufa 57376, 
Jiai:Hfi frpon employ ed at the ARB fi! WSF, fjYE ATZ foffifej 0/ diitnfcn- 
lirjn of titn-k} from August Ifith 1^44 UH April 22nd. ifl^S OJ nuzrilLnrp/ 
ariri ci titulary 

VElTft, Jean, rifutcniitt, Charsje dn Minion do 2i> Clause, Carlf 

J'littfLUhi finpnipi^ JVp. 4^9?' deUypretl ut AnH(*e](/ QrdVr c/ WiSdtari 
'jf C?le Pi-outffiondt Cotftfrnrhent of tJie fVe7idi Htpu otic. Mini J try of 
Ptft.pwieT* Ofid Deportee j dalpal Ma^ **h V& ?^77* r r>prrti ned in 
AfiltilAniffcn frmrt April 22nd 1943 t\U April Z?nd J!M5, W<j,2SG45, 
Itaujflu been employed at the Palitteche Ab'leiruny Jro«i /und 2 fid 
f-lJ to Jimfl 25th. 1943, at trie A ro*i effmtLTu f s from June £Gtk J3-*J 
[ o Aur/mt l$th lU4-t t at foreman 0/ thw cartographic and 7T4.iTana- 
Graphic IfaEIrrith !TETi7ic« (((I tft*ir diifoJuEioi In Ftfbrnitry J9J5 an J 
"ne*, Nil Mj Ni) emtio* at the Laptrachrcibxltibe fniyfti Jhi/tJ h*lA 
'■tfflia'inu m Parfa fI7r) £ff, ftiif dc .JaiiMurf r*Iflit* and certify under 
fla'A tfi* /cdJfriirfnp facts- 

H ATautfid'uWn rXi*Ctd S*U*rtiI trtfltrntfeft O/ priaanner*. aTnongrf 
^Bm the 'Aettcm K nr Ktiner' {llutlct acrian^ Upon tfio omvul of 



-1^6- 

(n this case a Frenchman makes i handwritten statarrtam in English 

making German- style mistakes, itian translates it for the 

co-sjgnar, annlhar Frenchman. 



nun 

trdnsptJTta, pnJniiTierjr v>ilh fhc me-ntign m K" tittrt net rec-isiwi 
yur no nuTntieTT cTd ihffir nnmet p«maJflccI ijn^tHJUTl except fat [,!,< 
Official* Of t?iE Pc-htische A'bteiLurig. fl.t- I'Err^ Jidt! Irnf opporthiu'iy 
of fifartuo TiDoi] rhr arrnxii o'f a trairfinoTt tKf iollamirin ea-mymrciii',.* 



between the U-nlersta rmf tie Arer STRE! TW I E j Efl and chic/ o in. 
cantJU^.' "Houj many priSiSJinir*? " "15 but twQ K" "Weil l,' L | 
mnJrrf 1 2") 

The K prijormerij u-ere taften directly to the prison whure dug 
Ire*-* unrJothed and taken to the " fca f J) tqq ma*', Thit bathroom r* 
the cellars of the prUun buJidhflf near the rrPrnflEory i#ai ap<TJa.riy 
dETJig-ned for ajflcwticnj { jft oot intf and paaaiutjj/. 



Th" %haalin$ lank jitaff by meant of a meaaurtnt} npnnrnrn.^ 7,'r 
p r Poti n ft .aefTjfl b d L-fcr? rT ir? u.'a rri.s a Trn f tnt:m' nc^Juri; i^ii.'j an ih.'m 
T "i|in: co n trapl rra n re tea n no n SilITcC in h i .t ncr?: c it toon cv Nr 
mptiinp plank rig I arm rn J ng h i £ h e ig-Hf frd-unfa ed frfc r top_ flj h ; s 

CONFIDENTIAL 



."l. ■ M I 



— F*f* 1 — 

CONFIDENTIAL 

Jf a, trartiporZ comTrJIed of Ico many *K" pinJgnarj, instead *\\ 
letting Hmt for In* "mrnffurntJon" they -wete witirmijiEd btj jj^ 
jgnf into thg bathroom instead oj mate? 

Purrlnp hit time Oi fnfiftridTT nt fchr HnUrtilh J Action Lt Wirt 
frequently received (ran^/Ff JliWtj from oJhrr compi inc-H E iy nn i >m 
pnaanneri mkich did nat appear on the entity Iifif 0/ Mauthausen ' H 
Such caJei the 1 PqJiCijltFlh Ah [ e iJ un_rj very rr.lui;tanth{ nr.ed to rfiV'- t 1 "' 
in/Onrlation that (lie camp lervices had nor [0 take into cniHtidc7Hii'<" 
nieh fn-iSfing prt Conner* because thry had! beam I fa n-T/e-f *V cj "/n 
pehaimcr ft|{ch»f5Cftf |i ' (Secret affdrjr of the RetrM and iiu^tr?d u/in 1 
thr caBipr^tc di.ia'pjieafflTic:* of all tmeaj of the nomsa. 

In rnimy r^irt« due to ImniiruiMliw errnrt, th* jf(Hn[ "K 1 " m-firntMn 
tBOJ not immedialclv p^e*i v;Hh the (rnnafer QT]d fo!tety*d sen /■■■ 
dayi or mi'etiiI u'et^." later, Li CoJ d<r Saint Cajt 4 Lt, Vrli' 1 
certify hairing redeiu'd in rhrir jtrmi irr canzfUatitm orders from d" 1 
PdlittJtche j4EHeiiano coTiccrjiinj? Jlich prison-net*.. At upon l^''i r 
omuol <uch m iC prumnntri had, hj/ mistake received a crntt^l 
Ti^rnhflr, they had to diswpjimflr in tht ftTumberi fttgEller dJ c ■■ ■" 
Camp, and for thii purpasi! rectincatfon order wcut made i« rfl ' 
/O'EEounTia h ypuan tica I form: pnsonnar Jil, A*o. h it 111 piar^, b'rdi 

date it actiiaKr; caljed f ^uiajf nchttaj pn-iflFtn-r V, Ad . . ., dij/frLTil 

birth place and date. 

IMT XXX T« 



-197- 

S'inca lhay uvara both Frtmch and haiti sorted, why riirfn't 

they vvritu ii in FnnchT 



e«-pa 

,-, ri .,'ti/EdillffH fl*&>Ti iJ*(H»rd be /cm fid ifl Tfi* do™*:? nts af 
UHytr^HiSHATZ a.3 far rftey harff tiuf b*em dtiTroycd 

J',.f • ( r.iU'rt"MJ Jii » Ec™ mflrig I'o'tuiJgri iiJ in iH* Jiand writing o( 
1 __ ; i(r L f.'t. fii l de gU-.LT dm: prir- [? h- r-jjni-if; ?hf jotti^ 

,., jicj unci m?m I* beiOTB tut IhLi 13th daj ui May m?- 

KENTtY H &&£ 

U Gal. JACD 

CONFIDENTIAL 



lurCUMIiNT J£lfi~PS 

MM ' l-.H ^ M'LFCIT IN THE REICHSTAG 21 MAY l£>3J COMMENTS 
■ : i Mi: VKUSAILLES TREATY AND GERMANY'S REARMAMENT 
ii iirilUT I'SA-WJ 



* .. HJL.iJn-,- H-gluL-tnrr, SmiJTTHLirillUfT, SbJ JpuLiehe Auspihr r MiLllm^ 
lh <|>| I'M'. St I UjL, S,:i(r J, Spilii- n mill ft iiiiitcin. S.ii* 4„ *ti#1t* I- 2 mill I 



i Mil' Dvutsefie R*idrsrfgLerunE Ichni die am 17 Miirz erlulg^ 

^""f^r KntiidiheUunli afcf, JNlizTU De Utsctll a nd hat den V*J"trajj van 

V (ill..* ei'iBfclUijj gebrOclwrl, ianderni dfi£ Diktat von, VcfS0)Ua9 

■'■ ji- m Hl'JI befcancitm PunklSn tfjnseitig verlEttt und. ilnmit iu3cr 

ft«rt i;.'Ai'Ut durth jerie MLicht*, dl* »Lch mc-hi epta^il*fe ktmnten. 
' ' ■ r vm DL-ntsdtT.jn.rf verlariglen. Abrustunfi die vertnaftl.-dn voi- 
-'lumi; vi^cdo fsjgen t.u i^Tinn 

'"'■ 'lUruh dit&m EESchluJl Ln Gent D*-LiLich.Land EUgeJllg^ newt.- 

^i in in tern riij m.ie+ise eS der Deutschcti RtfLcftsreglerLmji unrmig- 

; - 'V *n rllvjifl rnstitulion itinJdtKukfhi'cn. chc nieht die Ygraui- 

"Viih^n [ii r *ine wLrlcltEilE- gSuiche Rttfit j Lage a] [it Ti: i 1 tiehme r 

<>nlT<fi i( { , 2 U ^ m zwtckr erachtct CJS die fre-iitachi: Reicfts* 

*'* IJ f\m« JtiJi nolweitdig, ziVJBcJacn dtm Vert rag vC5 Versailles, tier 



1HT XXX 143 



MADE IN RUSSIA - THE HOLOCO$T 



Return to MADE IN RUSSIA THE HOLOCO$T PART TWO 
Return to CONTENTS PAGE 



The Website of Carlos Whitlock 

Porter 

MADE IN RUSSIA THE HOLOCAU$T 

Part III 

As a "proven fact" protected by special laws not applicable to other "proven facts", the 
Holoco$t must be considered as something of an endangered species 

All one needs to endanger the species a bit further or perhaps even drive it into 

extinction is to get the Nuremberg Trial transcript and read some of it. 

1. In December 1946 there were no "gas chambers" at Treblink... only "steam chambers". — 
By February 1946 this had all been forgotten and there were alwayslO "gas chambers" at 
Treblinka. 

2. Anyone who purports to be a survivor is automatically believed. ... — Any accusation is 
automatically believed. .. — Every atrocity commited by the Russians or other Allies is 
parodied in some accusation against the Germans. In this case it is mass rape... — Food 
confiscation Kulak-style. .. — Here it is Soviet persecution of religion.. . — (Notice that he 
says he took an oath to take the truth all his life in 1917) — Since one reason the Russians 
are believed guilty for Katyn is because small trees grew over the graves, the Germans 
are constantly accused of planting them. — Almost every Holocaust witness claimed to 
have worked as a "interpreter" or in an "office" or "laboratory". — (He was an interpreter 
and photographer at Mauthausen) — (She was an office worker at Auschwitz, that's why 
she survived.) 

3. Anyone who does a bit of research can find dozens of photographs of healthy, well-fed 
inmates from any German concentration camp. — Everyone has seen pictures like this...— 
while photographs like this one have simply been ignored by the mass media. — These 
pictures were taken after the liberation of Ebensee (Mauthausen) on May 6, 1945. — This 
picture shows the same people posing in the backround with some "living skeletons". — 
A close up. —Note three wrist watches, sprinkler system, and swimming pool. A close up 
of the high-dive. — These people have just returned from being "umgesiedelt" 
(euphemism for extermination)... — More exterminated people. — A Dachau inmate. — 
Healthy inmates leaving Buchenwald... — Buchenwald inmates on April 14, 1945. The 
man with the glasses lost weight after his release. — If the "living skeletons" were not in 
fact the victims of epidemic disease, then why was it necessary to burn down 
Bergen-Belsen? — Typical midget-sized (non-portable) oven, Dachau. 



4. Legally, Nuremberg was a fiasco. Witnesses were interrogated under the laws of the 
Soviet Union... — Judicial notice was taken of the findings of Soviet courts... — 
Documents or exhibits were introduced into evidence under the laws of Communist 
countries. .. The defendants were not allowed to question the credibility of any 
prosecution witness at any time... — Any "report" written by the prosecutor was 
considered "proof" of the defendants' guilt and was not considered subject to argument. .. 
— Any groundless assertion made by the prosecution was considered "proven" unless the 
defendants could disprove it... — Effective cross-examination was simply not allowed. — 
The defendants were not allowed to take the stand to contradict the prosecution 
witnesses.. . 

5. Testimony was curtailed whenever it was feared someone might contradict a favourite 
prosecution witness. .. — Defence attorneys were reprimand for "confusing" the witnesses 
on cross-examination. .. — Defence attorneys were not given copies of documents 
introduced into evidence by the prosecution by the prosecution... — Newspapermen were 
given 250 copies of every document, but the defence were not even given one each.— 
Defence attorneys were given piles of documents every morning which were all out of 
order... — Defence attorneys were not advised as to the order of proceedings. .. — The 
Jack-in-the-Box Witness Technique. — They were given virtually all of their documents 
in English translation instead of the German original. .. Or they were given 2 copies of a 
document for 25 lawyers at 10:30 A.M., when trial started at 10... Defence attorneys were 
snowed under with documents which they were not given time to read... — Defendants 
were expected to comment on documents which they were not given time to read... — 
(The transcript is full of promises to quit cheating, but the abuses continued). .. 

6. More examples of flagrant prosecutorial bad faith. — Defence attorneys werer given 
documents when it was weeks too late to be any good to them... — Defence attorneys had 
no way of knowing what was even in the document book; what kind of "trial" is this? — 
The "true and correct copies" were not the same as the originals... — The prosecutors did 
not know which document was original and which was the copy... — Page numbers were 
incorrectly translated. .. — of course, it was all in different languages so the page numbers 
could not be the same anyway; endless confusion. 

7. Endless confusion over documents... — and translations. .. — yet objections were 
considered "improper"... — How can such a "trial" be said to have "proven" anything? — 
Documents were introduced into evidence which were known to be false... — "German" 
documents were written by foreigners... — Another "German" document forged in 
Yugoslavia. .. 

8. "Confessions" and "statements" were presented ready made for signature or else... — 
(Was this the only case or was this the tip of the iceberg? — Another "voluntary 
statement". — "Witnesses" were allowed to read their "testimony" off scraps of paper.. — 
The "witnesses" were allowed to repeat any kind of hearsay and rumour; the prosecutors 



were allowed to lead the witnesses in any manner they like... — here the "witness" says "I 
personally wasn't a witness" and the prosecutor says "Never mind"... — here we learn that 
concentration camp inmates have extrasensory perception. 

9. 311,982 notarized defence affidavits were never translated and have been forgotten. 

10. The typical piece of Holocaust "evidence" consists of a Communist "report" originally 
written in Russian. — Over half of the Soviet documents are "photocopies" of German 
documents which have been "certified genuine" by the Russians. — Another photocopy 
certified genuine by the Soviet War Crimes Commission... — A certified photocopy of a 
mimeographed document which the Russians say is genuine. .. — More Communist 
"evidence"... — More Russian "evidence"... 

11. One affidavit from an army officer or political commissar was enough to certify any 
document as genuine at any time... — the affidavit or certificate simply states where the 
document was "found", and that it is "genuine". — All PS documents, are covered by one 
affidavit sworn by Major Coogan on Nov. 22, 1945. — Documents which have been 
"found" are not individually "certified" "genuine". ONE affidavit makes them ALL 
genuine and that is that. — "Copies" were prepared on a mimeograph, so the only thing 
appearing on the "copy" was what they typed onto the stencil. — "The man without a 
signature". 

MADE IN RUSSIA - THE HOLOCO$T 

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Porter 



In December 1945 iheie wer« no "gas chambers" at Treblinfea 
, . nn\i 'slfiam chaiiiberst ,r . 



It D«, « 

contained in Document L-lGL, Exhibit USA-292, Trie- Document 
L-3oM |i an ofDcial Polish report on Auschwitz Concentration Camp 
It it dated 31 May 1945, I have taken A short eicerpt lmm. Ihli 
report on the original marked. .. 

THE. PRESIDED : I think yv[i made a mistake, did you not? 
It is not a Polish report; it ii a British report. 

M AJOft W ALSH : I understand, Sir t It wa* compiled originally 
by the Polish Government and perhaps distnbuL<?d Irum London. 

THE PRESIDENT: I a*e< Very well. 

MAJOR WALSH [ 1 quote: 

"During July 1B44 Hungarian Jews were being liquidated at 

the rate of 1 2,000 dally; and as the crematoria could not deal 

with such numbers, many bodies wcrs thrown Into large pita 

and covered witn quickli me." 

I offer in evidence Doi-.jrni.-m jail-PS, Exhibit XJ5A-2 Hi) , Thii ia 
ail cifn^ia] Polish- Dqvgrninenj_ ComTnis5:an report on the invKsUga* - 
tldn of German crimes in Foland The docuxntnt describes the con'' 
cenlratlon camp at TrebUnkn, and from Page 1, Paragraph S and 4 t 
I read as faUows: 

"In March 1SH2 the Germans begun to erect another camp. 

Treblinka B, in the neighborhood of TrebLnka. A, inl ended to 

become a place of torment for Jewi. 

'The erection of this camp was closely connected with, the 
German plans aimed at a complete destruction of the Jewish 
population In Poland, which necessitated the creation of a 
machinery by means of which the Polish Jawa could be Ik died 
in large numbers. Late in April 1942 ert'ctlon was completed 
of the first ehambera In which these general massacres vriiv - 
Ut be p ff rru: i r;i^l by~ ;n*afii of steam . Somewhat later the 
erectJoti ofThe real dtii;h" building, which contains 10 death 
chambers, w*a finish cil It was opened for wholesale murders 
early in autumn 1&-12. 1 ' 

And on Page 3 of this report, beginning with the second para- 
graph, the Polish CommisaJon describes graphically the procedure 
for the est enm inn lion within the camp! 

"Tha average number of Jews dealt with at the camp Ln the 



Slimmer of 1942 was about twr> railway transport! daily, but 
ihere were dayi of mudi high r if elflritncy. From autumn 1942 
(hi* number was EalUng- 

"After unloading in the siding, fell victims were assembled in 
que place, wtieni men w^re jieparaled from women and chit- 
drrti In Ibe fint dayi a£ the existence of the camp the vic- 
tims w#rr made la believe that after m short stay in the camp, 
necesury for bathing and disinfection, they would be sent 



IrtT TTI BdT 



MADE IN RUSSIA - THE HOLOCO$T 

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Anyune wild purports to ho a survivor la automatical I y ha Nov id 



« TmUr m 

USSfMGB (Document Number USSfMOT) the data about the esperi- 
meats carried out in another camp, the Ravensbrilck Camp It con- 
tains the results of the inu estimation by Ihe Polish State Commiasioti. 
The photographs contained therein are very EhararterLfltic and I 
need not Comment cjn them, 

t would IIPW request the Tribunal"! perm 353 inn to nimiran as 
witness a Polish Woman, Shma^levskavj., to have hur testify regard- 
ing only onfl question, the attitude or the German. fascists toward 
thr children In the concentration camps. Wpu)d (he President permit 

the calling of this witness? 

THE PRESIDENT: Yes. certainly. 

[The vjimtsr. ShmaglevskayHt took the Hand / 

THE PRESIDENT: Will you first of all tell me your name? 

SEVERINA SHMAULEVStCAVA (Witness): Scirerina Shmaglfrvs- 
kaya. 

THE PRESIDENT: Will ytau repeat thii oath alter me t hereby 
swear before God — the Almlghty^that I will speak before ihe Tri- 
bunal nothing but the truth — concealing nothing that ix known to 
mf — so help me God, Amen. 

(The witneja Ttpe&ttd t,Se OOth.j 

MR. COUNSELLOR SMIRNOV: Tell me, Witness, wer* you an 
internee oi Dawieczim Camp? 

SHMAGLEVSKAYA; Yes 

MR. COUNSELLOR SMIRNOV: During what period of time 
were you In Hie camp of OswlEciirn? 

SUMAGLEV5KAYA From 1 October 1942 to January 1945, 
MR COUNSELLOR SMIRNOV Do you have any proof that yen 
were in internee jaHhJa camp ? 

SHMAGLEVSKAVA: I have the number which was tattooed on 

my arm, right here . 

MR. COUNSELLOR SMIRNOV' That b what the Oswieciim 
Inmates call the -visiting cards"? 

SHMAGLEVSKAVA Yes. 

MR, COUNSELLOR SMIRNOV. Tell me, please. Witness, were 
you an eyt witness ol German SS men's attitude toward children? 
SHMAGLEVSKAVA; Yea. 
MR. COUNSELLOR SMIRNOV: Will you please IeII the Tribunal 

■bout ihLa? 

SHMAGLKVSKAYA: 1 rouM tell about the children who Were 



bom in the concentration cam p. about the children who were brought 
to the runconirsUiin camp with the Jewish transports and who were 

IMT -VIII m 



-202- 
Any accusation is nulomaticfllly believed . , . 



IT red 41 

MR COUNSELLOR SMIKNQV: Where toT 

SHMAGLEVSXAYA: We were never able tq (llid wit wh en? these 

children were taken. They were taken away all the time this tamp 
existed; that Li to say, In 1943 and 1944. The last convoy at children 
left the camp In January 1^45- These were not only Polish children, 
because, aa yen know, in Blrkenau then? Were women from all over 
Europe^ Even today we don't know whether these children arc alive, 
I should like. In the name of all the women of Europe who 
became mothers In concentration camps* U> ask the Germans today, 
"Where are these children?" 

MS COI.rNSE.LLDH SMIRNOV: Tell me r Witness, did you your- 
self tee (he children being taken to gan chamber?? 

SHMAGLEVSKAYA; I worked very close to the railway which 
led to the crematory. Sometimes in the morning 1 passed near the 
building the Germans used as a latrine, and from, there I could 
secretly watch the transport, I saw many children among the Jews 
brought to the concentration camp. Sometime* a family had several 
children The Tribunal Is probably aware of the fact that Ln front 
of the crematory they were all sorted out- 

MJ\. COUNSELLOR SMIRNOV; Selection was made by the 

doctors? 

SHMAGLEVSKAVA Not always by doctors: sometimes by 
SS men. 

MR. COUNSELLOR SMIRNOV: And doctors with them? 

SHMAGLEVSKAYA; Yes, sometimes, by doctors, too. During 
such a sorting, the youngest and the healthiest Jewish women in 
very small numbers entered the camp. Women carrying children in 

their arms or Ln carriages, or those who had: larger children, were 
sent IhtO the crematory toeethcr with their children. TTne children 



Were separated from Their parents rn (rant of the cmnalory and 

n r *re led separately into gas chambenL 

At that time, u-hrn '.he greatest number of Jc^i VftTC exter - 
minated In the gas ebdmbera, an rjrdi-r wan issued that the childre n 
Were lo he thrown into the? LTe/nalorv avenj or the crematory ditches 
Willi Out pr;>vif,)Lj3i asphyxia tjon with gag. . 

MR, COUNSELLOR 5MIRNQV- How ahould we understand that ? 
Were thgy_thrpwn lnj?j 11k- ijvt.-n.-i..-i lj--.-e ctr were they killed by othe r 
nitf^iia before th^y w?re burned ? 

SHMAGLEVSKAYA; The children were thrown in a1;v Thejr 
cries could be heard all over the camp It if hard tosiy how many 
there were. 



IMT VI11 319 



Every atrocilv committed by ihe Russian.] or othor Allies is pmadied 
in soma Accusation against ihe Germans. In this cann it it masi rape . 



It Feb. M 

they leave the bodies hanging on the jpfflaftti for day* and 
even w celts They do the sattlt with the peopit! they shoot in 
the streets of the .tqwna and villages, leaving the bndias 
untended for dayt on end. 

"After the seizure- u( Kharkov, the German thugs han^-,1 
,5everal people from the window* of B large house in *&■ 
center of the city Furihrnnars, in the arnf city of Khnrkcn 
on 16 November IP petfaas, including one woman, Were 
hanged from tile b.-Uconlri ot A tiumher ol houses. ' 
The bestial acta of violence perpetrated against the wnmrn 
everywh-re testily to the profound moral corruption of -L- 
criminals. T sh all quote from that passage m th e not* which Ymi" 
Honors wilT fir»1 un Png? 4, F^a ru gri ph. A. of Lhu dq cITmcftt book 
" Ttfnnwn and v-riung EirU me vil^'v out raced in all M* 
occupied areaa, 

'•in the Ukrainian vlLIprs of Borodayevka, hs the Dniepropo 
trovak region, the fabcmla violated i^erv one of the woni-ip 
and giraJL 
"In the village or E-rewvJrs, m the region of Sni^eii.™. 

dr.Mi.rRr. C-rrhSft ar-Hie:;- M55-.u Ul--J ll nil ril-ried CH all iihr 
women an d blcIj between Ihe agea of 13 and 30 



"In the city at Smolensk Me Uftrtnan toniiimnu wmw ■■ 
brothel (or uf fleers in one of the h6 tela inTO which hundred; 
u f woman and KirLs wera driven; VhrV wg ^ mercilLMlv 
drciflced Jfr'-gri the atcetit by their anm und hair- 
"Everywhere thu lust-ma J defied Germa n tr:i ngaitirs bruVic 
tog fhP huu fli*, they ra f^ *he wihiiea and JlfllL Uft4*r Ihtf 
very eyes of ihmr kuiloUs and children, jeer ST. lh& «"«ncn 
they ha« ymiat,:d Wrd thirft brutally muJrdyr their Victlmi 
«j» Itie City of l^™, 3'.! wd mm wuflcinfi Urn fiarTTlRet factory 
wer* timl violated and then murdered by Cemuin *Mn 
tre-epciti Cru nks Gerr^ n WdL^ drajitftfd IHl- mi^L ^ 
yuund women uf LVOV into KuiKLUNzKa Paris, when; MlV> 
Javaiiriv raced them . A.n old priest, V. I. P«wn*w, wK-. 
truss 1n Si trl«! Lo prevont tbesB Sui*****, ^* fritun gp 
by the fflsei^ti They lora off bis eas&ock, fllntfcd hi* W?) n, 
and hayonetted him to death 

-Near the town of BOnssov in Bis Prussia, 75 vrnmen an, I 
glrb attempting loflwn! the ftpproarfi Of the German trc^, 
fell Into thoir handa. The Germam first rapud. ied thin 
Siivajjely murdered 35 ^1 their number. By order of a C.crrn.m 
officer named Hummer, the soldi*** marched L, t M*W*«Ho«ft, 
a IE -year-old girl, Inta the tor eat, where they rar^d ] 
A little later *eme olliep women who had aba been dra^-i 



IMT VII *W 



.504- 
FddiI confrscalian Kulak -style . . . 



il Feb. II 



J Thu inhabitant of Kerch are ordered to deliver ali family 
fclt.j j.l.i.k.^ tr. in-:? German K j mrr-i ndji iTQ '.va c rs c-f u'n dchyc'ru j 
An. I ijL-k-cU-d >upp]lej tt'NlJbc shfl t. 

' By Van RtiJtt mdaiyfrurr.bL-: 2, IK? tavyn CQVJnciL Ordered [he 
■rih^- '."ir.bi Ij rF^i^: 1 j m i r, rd i SI B y .a-l hpp.5, roosier.s, djiik. ^. 
chickens, ti; f li-jy si- gUL-a<-. 'ih'i^i. imvj. l'lljv^^ jm j_ catt]p - 
P^i'iTirv Zn.viiefi\v^:-U aCrjLlLy prnh.ihilW jrorri lUing few] ,rnd 
c rm:..- (ijr [heir own n '■>-, 1:? MTNmt jpepia; p h r ir. i H u..;-, of the 
(Jcrmj.ii cruiimuniijnt After thu publiL'tlliun el Lbpse ordeJUi 
a .whoEnUiLe tt&ifa of all Apartment* ana houses beenn. 
•TH.C JUembLT^ gf tKeGea:j_pe behaved uulTagpoualy 7^r caiil 
fe Ingram of bLMua er Iti'jj' dL6uu , ,'ured Ln excen^ th-i? JigJLJ 5j 

-^l"- f ,Lli ||\ ^.| jihj 

"TJlt! Giirrnatt* jnlllUlnH Lhnlr mrtint'Tnut fitrnHh^c ku MjH.Ltfrtnl-ni» 



--n www ■■ ■ ■ «inni 



21 B di;Ulrpn iif Scbuul agi?." 
l.fiV.-r i ;i yj.\ w 1 1 : <h-;- ^it;- jinail L;:;:il., pf These children in pu r 
rocur:nr;i1.ny Rim 'L'hi* Infants 1 lH> d itb ~ W re Lhrown into the jlL.v 

tnaa* 

"Acfmding tu LnitTQctiDTUi issued bv tbr German ^amrniiadant, 
all Ihe iwhool children were ordered tp np^ir at thi? ichool aL 
m gLYun time On arnvaU the 245 chilirtn, school books in 
ha-ACf, weri «wii to a factory school outside the ttnvn, 
a Li e.cre .] 1 y for a walk There the cola irad hunger inf.anT.3 

whit- nFTe red cutTt-e an^^pbisaned pies Sinfe Uiere wjs nP 1 , 
cn-juffh cnfTiv lij gu round thu^c vl"¥u did naL get an; 1 w^re 
aeni to Lnp infirmary where a German orderly am parent their 
h[i± mih h qulck-ncllng polsan- In a few minutes nil th? 
fhililtetl ~Wure dHid. School children ot the higher graded 
were CliTted Cff in trudti and shnt down fay machine gun 
Are a lulo-mcters. CHlMl^S v( the town. The bodjea o£ the ftr^ 
baieii of murdered children wpite brought to the aarnn spot — a 
Very lar^e, very lo-ntf, antitank trench." 1 
I cant in '.j u the quotation: 

"On the evening of 28 November 1941 an order. Number i, 
uf the CesLdpc* win* posited in the town In compliance with 
tbla ofdfr the inhabitants whu hfld been previously rfgLfllered 
with the Gestapo were En present themselves on 33 November 
betwmjn OflPfl Altd 1200 hour* at the Senna ya Square, with D 
3 day* supply jf food All the- nieti and women were to 
appear, regardless of their aire or atntL- of health Those who 
did no! present tlteniitjLvea were threatened with public 
execution Those who Arrived at the square on 29 November 
were perauaded that they had been summoned in order to 
be sent to work. At noun over 7, DUO people assembled In the 
square Then- were young boyj, young flirty children of all 



TMT VII 493 



Hera it is Sovinl persEculion ot lehgwn 



It Wt/b. ** 



concentration earn pa, junong tbem the general aacrtliry of 
the Christian Student Movement kfi Czechoslovakia. One d 
th* Kritftnli of their president wai executedJ 1 



Or Page 68 of this report we And uimrmnuon " to u« perse- 
cution of the Catholic Chundi In Catch wlovakia. This. cicL-rjii Ls 
on Page 19 ot the document book* lecond paragraph, I quote b 
ihurt excerpt: 

"Id the territory annexed to Germany after the Munich Fact 
« number of Cieeh priest; were robbed of their property and 
expelled . Pilgrimages to national shrines were prohibited 
In 19,19 

"At the outbreak of the war 437 Catholic pries** were among. 
the thousands of Ciech patriots arrested and aent to concen- 
irttinn camps ai hwlggefi. Venerable church dignitaries were 
dragged to concentration camps in Germany. It was a common 
Thing to be* on ihe road near the concentration camps a 
priest, dressed In rags, exhausted, pulling a cart, and behind 
bun a youth In tho SS uniform, whip in hand" 
The belts vert and clergy in Poland alio suffered most ruthless 
persecution. I quote short e*cerpts from the Polish Governmeni 
report, which the members of the Tribunal will And on Fag* 10 of 
the document book: 

"By January 1941 about 700 priests were killed; 3,000 were 
In prison or in concentration, eamps.^ 

The persecution of the clergy began Immediately alter the 
capture of Polish territory by lb* Germans, actordmjl to Page 43 
of the Puliah report: 

'The day after the occupation of Warsaw the German* 
arrested some 330 priests. . . In KnMw the closet l collab- 
orator* of Archbishop Sapieha were arrested and sent to 
Germany The Reverend Canon Creplicki, 75 years of *ec 
and hi* assistant vwe executed in November 1939." 
The report of the Polish Government quotes the following worts 
ni Cardinal Hlond" 

■Tb* clergy were persecuted very violently. Those who were 
permitted to stay were lubjectcd tu humiliation, were para- 
lysed in the exercise of their pastoral duties and were stopped 
of parochial benefices and of all their rights. They were 
entirely at the mercy of the Gestapo.^ It li like the 
Apocalyptic vision of the- Fide* EtapOpufcUn." 
On the t ^Wy «r the Soviet Un ^ ihe persecution of T*UfEt°.n 
ind^ ^fl^k the form uf ^nl^ous deration of ^"^ 
d^lru crrSfToi shrnia connected with ih* patriotic fecHriBS ol ■&* 
Ruuiun people, and the murder of priests* 



IMT VII 1 333 



4 Notice (hat ha says he took an oath m toll Hie I ruth all his fife in 1917] 



rr r*p, w 



I beg the Tribunal to call the wilnew of the Soviet Prosecution, 
the Archdean of the churches of the City of Leningrad, the Very 
Reverend Nikolai Ivanavrteh Lomakin 
/Thr u-itrnfft Lomokin rooJt the rtnndt./ 
THE FRESIDENT Wguld you tell me your name? 

THE VERY REVEREND NIKOLAI IVANOVITUH LOMAKIN 
(Witness) l Nikolol Ivanovitch LoraaklrL 

THE PRESIDENT: Is it the practice for you to lake an oaih 
be Tore giving evidence or not* 

LOMAKIN: I am an OrthDdcvic priest 
THE PRESIDENT: Will you tike Ih* oath r 

LOMAKIN: I bolnnfl to the Orthodox Churrii, and when I 
entered the priesthood m 11317 I took the qalh to tell the truth ail 

iny life 'Qua r .vjth I remember even to the present day 

THE PRESIDE NT: Very well, You can ait, if you wish, 
MR. COUNSELLOR SMIHNOV: Pieaae tell ui. Witness, art you 
the Archdcan of the Churches of the City of Leningrad? Dow that 
mean thai all the diurchea in that city are subordinate to you' 1 

LOMAKJN^ Yes> all the churches an- directly subordinate to me. 
I am obliged to visit them periodically to inspect their condition 
and the life of the pariih. I must then make my report to His Grace 
the Metropolitan, 

MR. COUNSELLOR EMTRNOV; The dnirch« of the Leningrad 
region were alio under your authority? 

LOMAKIN! They are not subordinated to me at the present lime. 
but during the siege of Leningrad by the Germans and the occupa- 
tion of the Leningrad region Ihcy were under my authority. 

MR. COUNSELLOR SMIRNOV: After the liberation of the 
Leningrad region from the German occupation, were you obliged \& 
viait and inspect the churches thi-oughuyt the region on the request 
Of the Patriarch? 

LOMAKIN: Not by request of the Patriarch, but by request ol 
the Metropolitan AJexei, who was then at the head of the Leningrad 
Eparchy, 

MR, COUNSELLOR SMIRNOVr Please speak more slowly. 

LOMAKIN: Not by request o( Patriarch Aiexel— the Patriarch 
was then Sergei — but by request of Metropolitan Alexcl. whu 
administered the Eparchy and later became Patriarch of Moscow 
and all Russia. 

MR. COUNSELLOR SMIRNOV: Please lelJ ua> Witness, where 
were you during the atene of Leningrad? 

LOMAKIN: 1 wis all the lime in Leningrad 
IMT VIII «- 



bombing of nun- military objectives 



ti r«b. h 



The Church of the Resurrection on Griboledov Canal, which b ■ 
very remarkable artistic church, wis very seriously damaged by 
felling Iran the German enemy. The damrs were destroyed. lh* 
toots pierced by shell?, numerous frescos were either partly damaged 
or entirely destroyed. The Holy Trinity Cathedral in the Ismail- 
ovskay* Fortress, • memorial ornamented by beautiful artistic 
friezes commemorating the heroic siege of tzmaiJovskaya Fortress, 
was severely damaged by systematic shelling and bombing by the 
Germans. The mo! was broken in. All the sculpture was broken: 
nnly a few fragments remained 

MR. COUNSELLOR SMIHNOV: Tell us, Witness, how msny 
churches were destroyed and how rnany werr several/ damaged In 
Leningrad? 

LOMAKIK: The Church of the Seraflmov Cemetery Was almost 
completely destroyed by artillery Are; this church waa not only hit 
by shells, but great damage was caused to il by air raJiis, The Luft- 
wafle caused great damage lo churches. T must first of all mention 
Iwo churche? which suffered most from the Leningrad siege. To 
begin with, th* Church of Prlnc* Vladimir, where, by the way. 
[ have the honor of. oftic-iating at the present time. In ID42 from 
February until the first of July. I was Tatar of this church; and 
( should like to acquaint Your Honors with the following very 
interesting but terrible incident which occurred on Easter Eve of 1942. 
On Easter Saturday, at 5 p.m Moscow time, the Lull v.' a flu carried 
out a mass raid over the city . At 5i30 two bombs fell on the south- 
western part of the Church of Prince YTacUmLr The faithful w*m 
at that moment waiting to approach the picture of our Lord's 
interment. There was an enojrpous mass of laiLhiul who wished to 
fulfill their Christian duty , I saw *mt 30 persons lying wounded 
In the portico and in different places about the church. They lay 
helpless (or some time, until wo could give them medical aid. 

It was a scene of utter confusing People -who had had no tun* 
to enter the church tried to tun away and hide In the air-raid 
ditches, while the other? who had entered scattered in terror against 
the walla of the church, awaiting death. The concussion of the 
bombs was so heavy that for some period of time there was a 
constant fall of shattered glass, mortar, and pieces oF stucco. When 
f came down Irom a room an the second floor, I was quite astounded 
bj the scene before me People flecked around me; 

■Little father, aro you alive? Little father, how can we 
understand this? How can we believe what was said about 
I hf Germans— that thev believe in God, that they Itive Christ, 
that Ihev will not harm tfin** who believe in CxP Where !■ 



their faith Ihen, if thgy mn ahool about lllEC inifl pit ILajler evc 7 
IMT VIII 337 



. and the Dnmuan hqrnbingi. 



IT r«|» M 

aw nut of ihe cry pi of Trinity Church for a breath of fresh tt r 
ibo was immediately shot by a German sniper. The mother 1q]|o ivc<t 
in order to pick her up, but she also friJ dci^m bleeding at the *idf 
of her child The ciliicn Hamashov*., who related thla Id me, Is stiU 
ahve, and I h&vt Ken her many times — she recalls this incident 
with horror. And many were Ihe incident* of that kind. 

MR COUNSELLOR 5MIRNOV: Tell me, Witness, in the other 

districts of the Leningrad region did you ever witness the desecration 
of shrines und sacird objects? 

LOMAK1N Yes, fOT example in Pskov. Pskov presented ■ 
horrible picture of ruina and devastation, 1 ieel that I must recall 
to Your Honors that Pskov 15 ■ muscmn city, ■ shrine of the .Or- 
thodox faiLh, ornamented by numerous churches, and situaled on 

the Velikayi Kjirei and its tributaries. 

In that city, there were: no lea then 50 churehes.of vanouj hisl 

and va Hou*_, denominations. Of then- 39 were not only oricnlpai 
T^nriUTpentB of church archi tenure at hich artistic valu e, Vrilh 
bgauLlfuii Icons and frpsraa, but also W yflJ crtTul historical men ynn: n'j 
tgfipcting fl]] the Pjeatnezi and cenlury-nltl multiform history of the 
Russian p*cip]e. The Kremlin (walled city)— the Cathedral of the 
Holy Trinity . . , 

MR. COUNSELLOR SMIRNOV: Well, what did the Grrmsiu do 
to those churches? 

LOMAKINj That 13 Just what I want lo relate Tht Kfi-m^ n— 
the whole Holy Tnmty Cathedra l, with it* remarkable altar screen, 
was plundered by the German soldier* Everything wai carried 
out of it as well as out of all the other churches in the city. You 
won't find even ■ single liny [tron left, not a single thureh'Veirtmcnt 
or cacramentil vessel— ilJ has been taken away by the Germans 
The Cathedral of the Holy Trinity— I speak again of this Cathedral. 
I almost paid with my life for my visit there Just half an hour 
before my arrival a nunc exploded right in front of the altar gates 



a*i'.' gates were aevircyraj mt iimr was Diuoa'crpaurrcu. Dciarv 
ray own eyei I *aw' three of our Soviet soldiers who ho J perished 
in the explosion, tight In front of the ailar 

Mines were- ulso laid in other places. I could give another 
interesting detail FsJcov wu bberaled la August 1941, but on 
EpiphtriVn In January 1946. another mine exploded, killing two 
persons. Likewise the church uf St. Vasih-an-the-HLl! was alio 
mined. There a nunc was In id it I he very in trance to the church 
In all the Cfturcha the abundance of all kintts of refuse, dirt, bottle*, 
tajU, et ecle™, was strikingly noticeable. The Cathedral qfSt. Juhn'l 
Monastery was turned by the Germans Into a stable. In another 
church, the Church of the Epiphany, they sel up ■ win* cellar- In 

IKT VIII U2 



Since one reason ths Russians are believed ouitty lor Kalyn is hacausn smell 
trees grew ovar iKe graves, the Germans are constantly accused of planting them, 

li rvti u 

column, on Page 5 of our document In your nl* this quotation L» 

on Page 154 ol the document book 

"Etunng the .2 yean of 5La<."'j;a'£ oecupntion, the Hitlar:ti:j], 
H ih th? ecmnivanve of the German doctors Borfce. Sturm, 
and Plhdr mudu-al pe rsorLn-j ' io the 'GrpK-LaiarctL.' e >^ Gr- 
in: nmted about lGfl.G/ttO Red Am;.- ofilteo and men " 
Tne German fasdm eK ec U'n n ner*- perfEKitLv i^-sr? of the i_n- 

l a j I 

bounded hestial.ly al lh^:^ crim->= a.temp.&c lo z-in-c*]. by 3 1 

ciaUy ^ndt?A'.i.ir-- i d Li ■ ■■lir.ji.rUi^ Uie b'-i" ■ ^ i I e j= r: ::.■■ ^■■vi^l ?n;. 
rTrT-^rs ff war Thi: - . f&r natnm'e on th? cross p: Gray? -vj^i"bur52"j 
only pi^lit flurTtAn-,1'% pf persona buJied Were LndL£si*rt3f H W&flti ■ 
upott excavation Jl bodies were a.c"'J3-ly fnund in :!)a: gravL\ Su,?-, 
too. U'.hj the case whan Grave S'umbe: e?4 "WSJ C-pcned up tn rTnel 
graves. Libera of earth, wure placed between K^cr.il pb'u-ji of enr- 
For instance-, ID bodies wej* :"v.inc, :r, Grave Narnbpr fl'Jj VVner 
j lsv?r j f earth 3f centimeters ibA-.'l-i, had ne£n rarrAiVtld, E\VO fr- 
:iiur rr:'"-^ of cc-rpilea ivere Eoanri :'ri 1hi* iarttr gp?4V*J the ptttft* 
orciirMd at the.*xravat)lJn flt GraVFi N'urttto fi^7 .ind dft, 

Kurricr'Jui sTLiyc^ wett^ : arrcu ^fl ^ U t a bv- f1'.^y-*r-bL'dt. to*«rt. p lan" 

H i J i i a——— 

P_ath.=i t'f efi?i?tOj bLi oa duiLiiD tan cvc i 1 ■. i J o tbe ni--.iay rnrr.-. 

IJ I an: rat m^taken. tl'.sr^ wis a Ss?t? Whar ■ r i! the pa;-.-- 
lpanti to tbese tr-.^tj, evldpr,t3v f orr;^ 1 1 irtfi 'vherw he tf.a3 a:id Lind ■! 



dcwn by German law. T"Ku Tribunal im mediately made rhe neces- 
sary inquiries, and the jai:en*Jon oi operating in acror-doncs wtih 
thfi .standards .nf German lau" ft'jJL. cd cdurj*, prsirnp'.k ru^Ct^d A' 
pruacnt I am ! Lilly able *.d submit to :b.E: Tribunal documents Vi^cii 
in my uplm-an. nrr ol impartanee In on t ca*e, illhfiugh they *t? 
cc-mpiW In eOfnple'e acc/sriiahe-e With, tk* nili*s laid down by G^; 
man law 

Arrmrig the numc-nJUj dMcuLnc-tti found in tbc poli-i; archive* oT 
the town ol Zh.Lt urn: r. Bed Army iroups Mdj*id a cftrtulh piece rif 
enrrespnndence- Th, a a a police inquiry, Th& autJi.Q.tS of thus cv; 
irient cay Id no! f'.retdl thai ii uttuld be read \n\a the retord. a. 
a ivSSson of Lkc lailcmaLLanal Tribunal far thE punishment of th.- 
major war crlmbiiilB The documents canitl luting Ihi* cprrcipond- 
efice w*fe Jn'-ended exclus!,v?ly for the chiefs of poLtec, and tbe's 
Were compiled in accordance with all the- CLatnrpBry rsquilTrr.erjls 
Ol German law and uf the police UiVfffllJ ija Huns jC fAtcis: Gprrnsny 
Frorn this peunt ot vLtfW, tho$c who would like to examine the docu- 
mentation in ques"\on ran be ivell sallied 

Al Lhe iimf time thu correspondence Li useful tc US So m'jrS 
has been said in this com'pELnaUvetj sjiull number of pages thai 



IMT VII 405 



-2U\- 

Almost aver* Holocaust witness claimed to hm worked as an "imorprBlEr" 

or m an "office nr ' laboratory". 



firm m 

MB. COUNSELLOR SMIRNOV. Witness, will you please tell 
how Kurt Frani killed * woman who claimed lo be the sister of 
Syjmund Freud.. Do you rem ember this Incident 1 

RAJZ.MAJJ; A train arrived from iTLeiuiit I waa standing on thr 
platform when the passengers lfl ft ihe cars. An elderly wnmnn 
come up to Kurt Franz, took out a document,, and said that she wai 
the sister or Sigrmind Freud She begged him W give her Iijhl 
wort in an office. Franz read this document through very senouslv 
and said that there must be a mistake here; he led her up lo the 
train schedule and said that Ijci 2 hours a tram would leave again (or 
Vienna. She should leave all her document* and valuables and then 
go to ■ hatha ouw; after the bath ahe would have her document; and 
a ticket to Vienna. Of court*, the woman went to the bathhous* 
and never returned. 

MS. COUNSELLOR SMIHMOV: Fleaa* tell u ^ Witness, why v>*= 



_l_l . _^l-.«.^ 



it that you yourself remainM auve in ^rcamutiii 

fi&l£MAN: I wa= aireaay Quite undn?Mg l. "J had to pua 
through tills HimmetfaluiairaW to ihc gas chamber*. Sam? IJXW 
Jews had arrived with my transport Jrum Wbrew. At the lasl 
mirjute before we moved toward the street an engineer, Galevsju. 
an old friend of mine, whom I had known in Warsaw for many 
years, caught sight of me He was overseer of workers among the 
Jew* He told me that I shauld turn badt from the street; and m 
thev needed an mlemrcttr for Hebrew, French. Russian, Polish, and 
German, he managed "obtain permission to liberate me. 

MRCOUN5ELU>R SMIHNQV. You were therefore a member 
of the labor unit of the camp? 

RAJ2MAN: At first my work was to Load the elflthe* of the mm- 
dered ptnems on the trams. When T had been in the camp 1 da>* 
my mother, bty i^er. and two brothers were brought to the camp 
from the town' of Vknegrova. I had to watch tham being led fcwui 
to the flas diambers. Several daya Uler, when I wu leading cloihfj 
on the freight ears, my comrmdci found tnv writes documents jnd 
1 phfltegnpKcl mv wife am i ARd. That t- ■" T i-av left of my 
family, p niy * photograph. 

MR. COUNSELLOR SMIRSOV; Tell us h Witness, haw many rlt- 
»ni were brought dally lo the Trebllnka Camp? 

RAJZNfAN: Between July and December 1SM3 an average of 
3 transport* of 65 car* each arrived every day. In 1*43 the transport* 
arrived more rartsly. 

MftCQUNSELTXfcR SMIRNOV: Tell us, Witness, how many per- 
sons were extemirjated In the camp, on an average, dally? 

RAJZMAN: On an average. I believe they killed in Trebling 
from, ten to twelve thousand persons dally - 



(He was an interpratei ind photogranhQi at Wnuthaussn.) 



Jin. ft 

BOIX: The camp was placed m the LbjI category, category 3 r 
that is, tt was a camp from which nc one could coxae out 

GEN. RtXDENKO. I have no hjrtiuur questlwu. 

THE PRESIDENT: Does Counsel for Great Britain deiilre tti 
tro63-23tam In e' 

CTJLGNEL H. J PHILLIMORE (Junior Counsel for United Kmf. 



dam): No ouestioru- 

THE PRESIDENT; Counsel tux the L'nUed States? 
MR THOMAS J. DODU (Executive Trial CaunBti kr ttw United 
Staled Ko quciLKins 

THE PRESIDENT: Do any counsel far the defendants wish to 
ncosa 'examine? 

HERR BABEL Witness, how Wert* ytfu marked in the camp'' 
BOIX: Thn? number? What kind of brand? 
HEaR BABEL. The prisoners were marked by variously cotorei) 
Stars, red, green, rf&bw, and If) [orth. Was this M Ln MaUfltlUtta 
■ko? What did jOU. wear' 

BQIX Everybody wore insignia- Thisy wf« not ttars; they 
Were IrJAnglEi anrl letters T.o JliOW the nationality. Yellow and red 
stars were for the Jews, star* uith six red and veilow pola**, two 
tnar.gh's, one over the other. 

HEHR BASEL. What color did you wear" 1 ■ 

BQtX A hlUfi Lnanjjte witti an "S 1 " In \% Ibat i* to .Hy "Spamill 
political refugee ■" 

HERR BABEL; Were you a KapaT 
BOIX: NVi, I was, an interprtiCLT at fjrat._ 
HE ftft BABF,L- What were your tasks and duties there" 
BOIX: I had to tran;>tali? inln Spnni^h all th^ harhatiH; thing? 
,he G ermaSr^s hn d tn tell the Spflii^j prLauners A tTrFwards my 
work WA?wirh phfrn^pnv dc v ■; I opj r.g the i iirm WtnrJi were T^-go 
aTTover the naitip .'tmwinii ihr full st ory nf what happened in th' 
cacnp 

HBRK BABEL. What was the policy With regard to YiiLmrs* 
Did visitors go ranly into the inner camp or to place* wharf wOrk 
was bumg linnet 

BOIX: They visited all the ramps. U was impflssible for them 
not to know what wilj golne; on Exception was made only when 
high officials or ether important perncus Item Poland, Austria, or 
Slovakia, (rtjm all these CQunLrsea, would come. Then they would 
show them only the heat parts. Fran? Zicrcia would say, "See for 
you rte Ives.' 1 He searched out cooks, Interned bandits, lit ana 



IMT VI 272 



-112- 
(Sh« was an oflice worker nt Av$chwli. that's wtiy she survived! 



DR. MARX. For example is • tescher? 

MME, VAIL1ANT-COLTTURIEH; Before the war? I don't quite 
ke what this question has tu do with the ma tier. I was a, journaliit 

DR. MARX: Yes. The fact of the matter li that you, in your 
sta tement, sho wed great skill in atv le and eKprg!L-inr.;,jand 1 shim Id 
JJTTr lo knnw"wheth er yuu held any position, suck, for i-Jtam^lg n !i 
teacher or fecit] rex 

MME. VAILLANT-C0UTUB1ER: No I was a newspaper photog- 
rapher 

DR MARX; How do you pup I a in ^hlil you yourself came through 
[hi?sti experiences so weilanrf are now in sinj a good s-Eale of health '" 

MME. VAILL ANT-COUTURIER I First of all. I was liberated a 
year ag»; and In a year ana has. Li^nc lt> receiver Secondly, I was, 
10 months In, quarantine for typhus and I had the great luck not 
to die at eaanihematlt typhus, although I had Lt and was Lll far Vfo 
months. Al&li, ill thr last months at RavcnSbrU ek, U I knew German. 
I worked on the Reyier roll call, which explnirw why I did not have 
to work quite So hard or to 5Uf!er from the- IncLirnwnc L» of the 
weather On. the other hand, out of 230 ol Ul only 49 from my 
CD-nvoy returned ahvo; and Wt were only 32 at the end of 4 months 
J had the great fortune to return. 

DR. MARX; Yta Dora your statement eontam what you your- 
self observed or is'it concerned with Information, from other jiourcei 
as well? 

MME. VAILL A NT-COUTURIER: Whenever such was the case I 
mentioned it in my declaration [ have never quoted anything which 
has not previously been verJnt j a~a"l[ the soured and hy scvtvril |HT - 
snnj. but thc_ mflj r >f jia^r o7 "rny_gvldenci! l^ bam-d on personal ex - 
puncn^e , 

DR MARX: How can ynu explain your very preelne 9tatiit:en J 
kn owledge, for instance, th ai T lUJJJU'J Jews arrive^ fro m Hungar y? 

"MME. V A ILL ANT-COUTURIER- j_tolii vnu that I havg wf.fk-<J 
in the offices: and wh^re Amchwi^ waa concerned. I \v-t; i fri end of 
the secretary it he Qbejr3 -j iseheri n ). whose name and address 1 flayc 
to the Tribunal. 

DR. MARX: It has been it ale d that only 350,000 Jews came from 
Hungary, according to the testimony of the- Chief of the Gestapo, 
Eichmann. 

MME. VAILLANT-COUTURJEK: I am not Romg to argue with 
the Gestapo. [ have good reason^ to know that what the Gestapo 
states Is not always true. 

DR MARX- How were you treated personally T Were you 
treated well 1 ? 



1MT VI 120 



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Return to CONTENTS PAGE 



The Website of Carlos Whitlock Porter 



-21.1- 

Anyune who does a bit of research can find dozens nl photographs ol healthy, 
well-lad inmates Irom any Germm concent ration camp. 



i-nft * — 

CERTIFICATE 

] hereby Ceriily as followa - 

1 The MautnAUMft Chain Of Concentration Camps varied in 
number from twenty in Unity or merv. depending on the needs of 
n]iv t.necjnc work a£Eic,nraenl, 

$ As shown Jn EXHtRlTS 21, Si, And 2vl. Ihf captured record* 
ijj'lit'Slpd lb.*- names of most of ihfi&e campp, whieJl varied in Sji? 
I mm tfe* huj;e fortress nf Mauthausen llsrlt, tf A *mM)l detached 
I,,,;. | similar 10 STEYR or LENZjNG. LENZJNCi for example, like 
KfVJT (Sm EXHIBITS US, 1(H and li)5j were delathmcnts from 
M,,iilJiFiwit:i S'.'/il and hllleted in linrrad:;. to run Iv.'D L.-i r i; ■_■ tai Lnr -<!■"■ 

3 The map herein included as EXHIBIT 201 show* the locutions 
i-if Ui(s» named cnmtB with most important route numbers leading 
[it them H m itius seen that the majority of these eampn were 
ln.'.ilitl EAST of Lb* R1VEH ENNS (which flow* into thr Danube 
and pajSSui through STEYR and ENNS-TOWNSHJT. AUSTRIA), 
mid, Uirreforc, ire of Russian eonrerti, unce this river J* the present 
IhtiTTtatJonsil Occupation Boundry between ourselves and the 
Soviet Union, 

4 However, the rnnainder of the camps f*s shown in EXHIBIT 
L"'l|) anmunliijg roughly 10 about 1J, have been accounted far ill this 
!•'■ iidvni InvrtllBjatlon. (See list of Exhibits.^ ITil su-tulled nicst 

ii'.nrifniSL of irirai- cumng. are, of course, first .MAUTHAUSEN imnkrd 
i ;'. AL^'.'HWITZ ai by far the largi-M I rid .»'• 'fit "T ali Ccncrtn - 
fj", 1 . Linn Cam ;ul. EBENiaEE fran ked tiy mn^y Si. vyn^.g thorn E)A.CHAj^ 
vTf only an inferior Auswjiilligcr (Brprvchi b MAUTHAUbXM|; 
tit SEN, divided Into two Urge branches named NUMBERS ONE 
(mil TWO and of large rile l"n themselves; GUNSKIHCHEM and 
STEYR, (See EXrUBTT SI), nmbenni ul capaelty fLve-lheuiUnd 
pUtffo', (5n? EXHIBIT 1B5J. 

a. Many at these camps were evacuated almort Immediately upon 
liU(.'Fation.«vrn»l«r£f a on* as CUNSKIHCHEN/fSee EXHIBIT 81,1 
Thii camp was said to have numbered as many as 50.0M prisoners 
it imp limit, but however, CUN5K1RCHEN. like BTEYR and 
l.V.NZtNG and ihe UNz CROUP (Exhibit 22), and even EEEN5EE, 
Vn*f nut yquinpod (or Masi M^ nfl V {Exterminatio n), like Maul- 
'■■-■■ :i ;<nd :>iv C'.jv:ni. iir.H y.ii'.r. Ji-j'-hiQVFrK "n.-imstr-:r oihr-r 
T* ti tlinijijti f.inrririj;, hr:i : i r>j7 ; , pyjfnjrc, or ia'.k of livreienlc treal - 
^■ l n1. thf pr-.sqnpi- wjtl 1 j j[pli t d j* rf i-.lIat to Maulhauart or tht 
^atfiii where all were la*n'j:?d for evfrilyal nriiuhilalir>n (Set 



IMT XXIX 313 



214- 
Edtnyone has wen pictures liko this . 




-215- 



nhile iiliolflfliaptis 1 1 lie I his one have simply been 

lynmect by The nasi meilr.'i 




.21* 

These pictures wme liken ahar the liber aliflll 
of Ebensee |Miuttiauiin) nn May 6, 1945 




-217 

This piciure idem lh« sanus pco(ilp pnssnn in 
the background rtith some iivmi) skelaionj " 







I - 

■ — 



3- 



Note three wrist watches, sprinkler systems, and swimming pool 




i 

I 

i 



a - 



S 



A eloss-up Df like high-Hive 




PhotD credils: Cluh Amicaln M.Tjtli.iu-ii m 

The edncentialiau camp loimer InmalK clubs iri 
a rich -jnuir.e of hcflllliy-looknio souvenir photos 



.T^i. 



These people baira jmt returned from being 
"inngisiodolL" [euphemism Inr extermination I . . 





Htimltflir 22. Mm J9-*5 



-22.1- 
More tutu i intoned p«nple 




A Dncluu iitmiMi 




H, ., R,r-.i -Him 



-Z2^ 



Healthy iumjilas leaving Bucheuwiid ■ 




I 

I 

1 
I 



•22fr 

Buchflnwnlrl ipimalM an April 14. 1H45 
Ths min with rhi yinstHi Iijji weight «li«i his ril«n;« 



1 J 



■i^J* 



>s ipRrA 1\ "* 



Briers 




Aftm 



-227- 



1f ihe 1i¥infl skeletons" wira nni in Incl ihe victim* o\ epidomie diwain, 
ihcfl why una* it necessary to burn down Boigen-BBbsn^ 




.^g^^* 1 



>fc 



• 



-22%- 
Tfpicai midget-sized (nnn-poriahle| oven. Dachau. 




MADE IN RUSSIA - THE HOLOCO$T 



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Return to CONTENTS PAGE 



The Website of Carlos Whitlock Porter 



-229- 

legally, Hurembero wis a linscn, 
Witness* were iittarrpgaleri under ilia laws of the So«el Union . . . 

it ?-■.■•■• 

THE PRESIDENT: Colonel Fokrovsky, thy Tribunal und&rstand 
that the first interrogatory to which yon refer — General Lohr's— 
which is contained in Document Number USSEt-233, is an. official 
document? 

COL. FOKROVSKY: Yes 

THE PRESIDENT: The ofncsat document of your Government. 
The other interrogatory h> which you refer, of Field Marshal Faulus. 
Is not an official document, in Lt? 

COL. POKROVSKY. The minute* o[ the. interrogation of Field 
Marshal Faulus have bFen compiled in. cotnulJance m::i |U i.E-j^l 
SlarioVna ci p^MtJrir app.ying "to such jnte rrnna'.ians by judical 
oTgaAITalLon^ lii the UJ5.S-.R He is in^rrog^ ed as a WLtTiess w_^h 
the warning thai hp must tell the -.ruth in actsrdd:ice with Ar- 
ticles &5 and 132 of our punjl CO rig. Thi.^u c;o -i hi =j r. fi., ; .ci »nrf L' S.S.rL 
ar t? considered a* abJ>lL:;e:;.- pfh-.:n[ rht-jmen ts, at fiill probative 
val-Jt-. I'i b» sub mi I led. U 'he 'lWu::il ■■'■b£n rierF«ar y. 

THE PRESIDENT 1 Could you tell us when* the Interrogatory 
was made? 

COL POKROVSKY: PauUis was interrogated m pe rson :n Mos- 
cow. C-n IS January lS-lS - This, SLr, must have been painted out aL 
ihe beginning of th-e interrug a tion . 

THE PRESIDENT: The date is on the document, hut not the 
place. Go on ( Colonel. 

COL, POKROVSKY: \\'r. l A your perm: ssj on . I shall continue my 
quotation from the minutes of the interrogation of Field Marshal 
Faulus; submitted to y'Ou: 

"It was clear to th- Hungarians that Germany's, assistance 

was In order to p recan.' the Hungarian Army In good time 

and in. advance for future combined military operations, ihui 

incorporating an ally Into its rank?, 

,L Wlth the later atlatk an Yugoslavia, which followed this. 

there was no need for speeLal explanations as to the object 

of these military preparations 

"It wai clear thut armed forces were being maJe ready for 

war with the U.S.5.R.. as- the attack on Yugoslavia *as part 

of the operational plan for the attack on the U.5,S,R: 

"With the defeat of Yugoslavia, the right flank, which was to 

be formed at the beginning of military operations against 

RussLa, was secured " 

I Shall leave u-ut one paragraph which deals with another subject. 



and continue to quote: 

"The preparation of the combined German-Hungarian attack 
on Yugoslavia w,ia entrusted la me. On 21 or 26 March 1941 



IMT VII 237 



-in- 
judicial notice whj laden of the. findings of Sevier cquris, , . . 



IS Fab. 1* 

Article 21 is perfectly <near, and Jl directs the Tribunal to take 
judicial notice of the viirinus. dc^urnenls which are then* set out, 
and expressly refers Id thu treeorrfs and findings of military or other 
Lrftiuiilii jf any Of rlie UmiL-d Nations Thi;. is a regard and finding 
of a military L-tauii.il ■■[ ■■ ->--.>-cl o,j.iJt TriHrr.rr-r.\ I K-l: TribLin'i'! '.s 
di:-LL-H-:1 "in .:..ip;^5 U-rms I. v Ailiclc J J1 iu lake Judicial rtMJtfe oL il 
Thai dees net" prevent d^L-ii'la nls" chLilscJ, wtn.-n Ihsv mike the=r 
ipeendiea in deienaa-, from criisrizinn the evidence upon which that 
record and findings proceed: hut to ray it ought not to be admitted 
a ppears la me at miy tale, arid 1 l?u»k lu ihc uthgr memben of the 
Tr; famuli, to be r^illy entirely unEounrh'd as an objection. ^' ^ 

DR. KAVFFMANN": J tfestft you. 

MR. COUNSELLOR SMTflNOV May T continue. Mr Prudent. 
Thus the document which has been ■srubantted to the Tribunal will 
he found on Page 67 of thf document file in iheir possession I shall 
allow myseJC Jd repeal. In m.v own wnrdi lite blu^rnphLcnd. data ccjn- 
icrnlng Tht Defendant Le Court, who wns brought before a courts 
martial 

He wao not on SS man. bui a nnn^Parfy senior corporal ot the 
German, Array. 27 years old Mu waj bom and lived, hefare th? 
war. in the town of Stargjirdj wan owner of a ememai and. was Iniur 
mobilized in ih'fr arrr.y,. where he served in the Lrt Company of. the 
4th Airborne Division, T begin to quote, rhe jtatemunti in evidence 
Riven by Lt Court contain cd in Ihe section, entitled. "Judicial |iiy«fr? 
tlgahon" beginning wiih Paragraph 2. The Tribunal will find litis 
pla.ee in the document book on Page GJ), fifth paragraph Le Court 
stated- 

"Prior lo my capture by Red Army soldiers, that is, before 
February 1944, I served ai laboratory assistant In, the lit Bi- 
cycle Csimp.lny of Lhe 2d Ajr Force Infantry Regiment at the 
4th Air Force Infantry Division nt the headquarters of Air 
Field Service 1 33 /XL 

«I_ .JJ.. »^ ^L i , . . . _ . „ . „ 



m »uui(iun ip ptiQiogtitpiui; rnntenji. I handled other work 
when nor on duty, that is is jay, I spent my Jr*e tima f w 
my awn pleasure in nhocnlllg Rod Army priluners bf war and 
peaceful ciErcens and Wlifeftj I naed to jot duwn Ln a special 
book the number of prisoners of war and peaceful eLtiABna 
I had Shot." 

I iamJt three para0FO.JihA describing Ihc shao-Linff Ol priscmeiii of 
war by Le Court, *nd continue the quota tion . ,. 

THE PRESIDENT. Colonel Sminnnu, [hi* pa.UaJje that yuu read 1 
a_tnoment a£o about jolting down Ihc numbers in li ia bonk does 
not occur In the translation whuh r:. bx-forF me T do nnt know 

^t vi r 453 



Documents and exhibits ware minjiiuceri into 
evidence under the laws ot Communal countries 



• utwn 



•teta bei Keitel und aeinem innanpolitischen Ratgeter, General 
R*i hi c It t, der ebenso v--etchlich war, wilbgei Gehor. Keitel gena!! 
kelnerM Aniehen In. der Webrmacht, was nsbiirhdi auth aul die- von 

— Art in ■ -* 

Ihm Ecfiihnu Beherde, das OK,W„ den Arbeitsstab dej Fuhre:s 
rurtickilel. Voruberguhend JkL er bt!lm Fuhrer rtark in Lrypiade, 
tieO' eber ahfr DemQ'jRiinjjen uber iidl ergfrhen und b|:*'n in SEincf 
SceUung; wahrsct-EinEich war auch hi»r Goring fur inn. emgetr^ten 

Qanz Lin a bhang It Von Ktllel ]Ji der G^nerakbers". J od ] ZU 
bearteiLen, der tier elgentlidie LeJltr deT Optrsftciner. mi Grfllkrt 
HiUptquflTtier war and dies Amt all die Jahrc lang mLt rtdQvt 
Ruhu ufidSaeiikenfim.1, mil ScbaEfhLdc und lir^idierem U rte 1 1 anu- 
ilbtc. Er war vieJJtidit der tJEVEige ArmceuililDr Lm OKW,, der 
den BegrliT „ W c h r rr. a c h t e E u h r u n'g 1 * von varrifctrein voll in 
aich aufgenammen hatie und damadi handejte- Er v*ar scmer 
IchwieriijEn SleLtung Vill gt-wachsen Und fillke lie vom erster. 
Ivutgilage bis luldz: ichr gut bus, 

Er urmtand es. wijwn, Standpunkt dem Fubrar gegcrujuer iteti 
ruing und smchhdi iu vertrpten, sodifl die Atmaaphare dtr 2.i,ifam' 
mervarbeit i*H allgcmcir. cine gunil"Lge war, ZusamitiEnsiriDk! vtr- 
liiLfdon wUrdan und Jodl StLnefl Stand ?UTrkC me LSI durchsctccn 



konnriH 



DOCUMENT .634J5SR 

CQPV OF THE EMPLOYMENT CARD ISSUED Sfl OCTOBER lb"U BV 
THE GERMAN LABOR OFFICE IN BRkSLAU TO THE POLISH 
WGFL&tER MARIA ATLER. WITH RUE.BER 5TAMF BEPHEBElNTiNC A 



PIG. A irn.TE.KTt CATION Jj\ STEFAN K'JTTQWSKI FiH.CSK GOVLE^- 
MENT OFFICIAL 



FXFLA^ATOHY NOTE 

Qrij. [Imijflri Jriii(HTU.'l. P4>L|l[i 1. 1 \ \ IfM t . ">. lllJ CfirBlJn I I 1 1, . Will J RujJLJIk pJJl 

jjrinlnl In Trlifirit IT he. Tnnp; PaLili pari — ■ dill? wj | h r-i**il iiirriitf'iii hririaji 
li i" ■ I nni|i i hf tlm 1 Cvrnriil Ca ramii tin n I or En-u-Micalnm o-f '.■■:nnji Cr Hi "• <n 



I 



■n I ail i1 mil KrCLii'it fry Mimb A(lrr r |ri t in ||. piTriTritfjTi at nrr ill pa rl J I i u n «pif 
iiLlipi £ .iir,7i td fntrn! I pint* — h'H ffpt»iiu'-tA- r f r h-m | an J hit* r*i*ir it( "VtijiIiit- 
11 ml (»r<J". lh<jwm| tl^i-nni vt m pjj tljnijM.'ij lhr|r'>tu f|ii Miiin'ra i0 fji- 



limiii 



IMT XXXIX 



529 



-232- 



W-USSR 




V 

■S 

i 



I 
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L- 

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L- ■ I 

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£ If* 

- --• *— M 



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i 



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TO 






i f 






IHT XXXIX-S31 



3 



£ 






r 

: 

■ 



4B- 



♦fca-us^n 



Round stamp: Labor Office Breslau fArbeitBnmt Bralau) 

Stump* ^President of the Police in Breslau — Screenine 

center foi foreijjnerfi/ 1 

On the left side of the document two columns with the 

headings: Space Tgr remarks of the Economy Office (Wirt- 

sthaftsarnt) and: Space for remarks of the Labor Office 

(Arbeitsamt}. 

4) 4} Rubber stamp, representing a ptfi. 

The true and Entire photostat of the above document was Issued by 

the Subcommissioa" ajid attached to I his C Hrtifirate - 

_ 

The witness Maria AtE&r declared under uath that tha.. above men - 
tioned empl<JVmeni-«irf.l was issued i,> her in l£H-i while working 
as a forced laborer in Germany and that such empkiymi'ni cards 
representing a p_lg t have been issued by the 

— JPntfa I — 

Translnlionof Document U5SR-46 8 — eont'd- 

Luhor Office in Brestau (Arbeitsamt Breslau) to ail workers of Polish 
nationality who were employed in forced labor. 
According to the Penal Code of the Polish Government and the 
Decree of 10 November ] H-lii ahum the Central and District Cam- 
missions for Investigation of German Crimes in Poland (Law Ga~ 
zette ol the Polish Republic No. 51, article 203) this document 
eostitutea evidence a nd is a supplement to the report of the Polish 
Government of 22 January 1946 submitted to the International 
Military Tribunal according to Article 21 of the Statute- 
Nuernberg, 29 January 1946. 

STEFAN KUR0WSKI 
PLENIPOTENTIARY OF TIIE POLISH 
GOVERNMENT AND PRESIDING MEM- 
BER OF THE MAIN COMMISSION FOR 
INVESTIGATION OF GERMAN CRIMES 
IN POLAND. 

Certificate of Transition 

I, Frank A. Eslerkm h ET 2 DO 73 h hereby certify that I am thoroughly 
conversant with the EnuHsh unJ Ku&- qifjn iaimuages and that the 

^ ii i in ■ i 

above is a true and correct translation of Document USSR-46*B. 

F. Esterkin 

FRANK A. ESTERKIN 



ET 200 73 



►234- 

ThB rielendaiiis ware not n If owed to question the credibility 
nr any prosecution witness it arty lime . . , 



I June H 

SIR DAVID MAXWELL-FYFE- Well, ] have certainly got an 
English — 1 have read the English truncation of it, M_y Lord, so 1 
iikuiec thai it has been translated: Into the other languages, 

The ni.:xl, applications from ihp Defend an Li Hlss and Fr^nk Ui 
put an iriltrrtiga t Dry 1n Gtli era! Donovan. If I may put the objec- 
tion quite shortly, thai raises the JUTnr point as the application on 
2 May 1&46 for Mr. FatlersrjU ol lhE= United States War Department 
The objection of the Prosecution is the same as I mads on thai 
nccosfon, thflt when y^u are crtai.y-eitn mining a witness he io credi - 
bility vpju..nre.tM»r»1_l>.V his answer, and sMnuld lutt. in 1lic- opinion 
rjl ihe Prosecution, be allowed to cill evidence to comradit'i him , 
So ii is on exactly thF pjimp point, tlir rel u tjo nsb. I y between Hie 
wiLeh-ss G iufY ma and the United Stales- Office rf Strategic Servlces. 

The next application Is on behalf of the Defendant Speer for lhc 
approval of certain documenta lVhSich aie in hn possession. The 
prosecution hnve no objection to the Application They reserve the 
right in make any individual objection when the documents are 
produced; at the Trial. 

My Lord, the next is a purriy format application on behalf oi 
the Defendant Jodl, whose CSSe it now before the Tribunal, to iLSe. 
an affidavit of Dr LehmUnn There is no objection Id that 

Neat is the- application on behalf oi the Defend am Htss .. . 

THE PRESIDENT: Sir David, that application We have already 
heard. We have heard the n r^um unla for that in full and! ihe Tribu- 
nal will consider that. 

SIR DAVID MAX*VELL-FYFE: If Your Lordship pleases. 

Then J think that Only leaves an application of the Defendant 
KeLlcl far the toe of sv decree of HiUer of 20 July 1914, and tfi* 
Prosecution has no objection to that. 

My Lu:d T think 1 have dealt with every one except the first 
one. which my friend General Runenko will deal with— the appli- 
cation nf the Defend am Goring 

GENERAL R. A HUDENKO (Chief Prosecutor for the USSR y 
Members of thp Tribunal, the Soviel Prosecution have several times 
expressed their view respecting the application of Defense Cauruel 
to call witnesses with regard to the mia shaotdnn of Polish offirerE 
by the Fascist criminals in Katyn Forefrl. Our p-|-HiiiM Lj Lhfrt this 
S f.?^-'. C> * . ,- r ' Tn i Uril ■ fl i" llVLL V Dn Ll ""- IJ-Li J 1 uf Lh<- IIiiIftmVp. ha; befn 
Iully~glLablTjih'fd ]>y~~lli "-. Vv: \-.nce TiTPscnU-J tiy ihe Soviet Fr;,?^- 

CUtLClH U'hldl wa = n PflTTimUhili-rilinn n-f 4h« «t-.h r*!,il r* f rn r.-r.A t n n ^-.r 



■TK-*. s anjt tiiiki nuj u.ii:l: 



__. - r - t ^r 

tn!f <7f>fflTi Ji«j!i:on investigating the clrcuTTiiilance* of the mass Ehoot- 
Ine of PoSian officer prisoner^ pf war by trie German Fascist aggres- 
&ort in Katyn Forest This document was presented bv the Soviet 
Prosecution under )he Document Number US5RVM tun 14 February 

IMT XV i fia 



Any "rapnrt" written bf the uroseeuinr was considered "proof" ar rhi defendants" 
guilt md was not consul pied jiubjoci la argument . . 



| Junr 44 



1B45, and vt'fl* •dimiled by the Tribunal! and, *= provided by 
Article 21 of tht Charier. It La m?t yubject Ui at fiumcut 

Now the DelirWUj once again art putting in alt [ippHcutEon 
far the culling of three supplementary witness-eii — a psychiatrist, 
Slodcert; ■ former adjutant pf the Engineer Corps. Brthmcrt; and 
a special expert r>f the staff at the Army Group Center, Eichborn. 

We object la the calling Pf these three witnesses for the follow^ 
inc. reasons. 

The calling of the psychiatrist Stacker L bi * witness must be 
considered completely pointless a£ the Tribunal cannot be interested 
in the question Of how the- commissi nn drew ilN conclusion— a fMl- 
elusion which was published in i Hitlerite Whitt Book. Ko matter 
how thjs gonclusic-o was dr a writhe fait of the ma.-m shun Lit if. pf 
Ft^wi by German-; in KatyH Foxes', has b*ra um: qui vocally estab- 
lish ed by lh<= Spvict Extfiii^dJnarv- S^ilr Coimn m i on. 

Slacker I himself is not a docior of forensic medicine but a psychi- 
atrLsl— at that time a member of the Hitlerite cocnmisfliDii, not nn 
the basi* of his competence in the Held ot forensic medicine, but a* 
a representative of the German Fascist military command 

The former adjulafil. Captain Bdhiwrt. is hlrwU a participant 
in flit- crimes rf Kfltyri ForuaL. hnvlni! be en a member of the 
Engineer Corps wii:tJl carried out the r x cru 'j on,' As hr IS :m mtur - 
csted parly, hrr taMi^t give any usr-fuL Hj.->:j tn r.-ny fcr clarifying the 
giff U msl n n lil ■., ul this ran iter. 

Third, the expert of Lhe staff nf the Army Croup Centrr also 
canrjol be admitted as k wilneis because he, In general, knew 
nothing at all about the camp of the Polish prisoners of war, and 
could not have known ill that pertained to the matter, The same 
reasons apply to his potential testimony to the fad that the Ger- 
man* never perpetrated: any mass Bhoolitii of Fotra in the district 
of Katyn, Moreover, Eichborn cannpt be considered an unprejudiced 



Wl UU9B . 



Regardless oi these objections which express the opimoTi nf a LI 
the proMcuton. the Soviet Prosecution especially emphasize the 
fad that these beittal crimes of the Germans bi Katyn were investi- 
gated by the 5pecinl autboritahve State Investigating Committee, 
which went wjth great prrcinmn into »U ihe details- Thr result oi 
this In vesical 3<m has established the fact thai the crimes in Katyn 
wi-re perpetrated by Germans, ajid are but a link In th* chain n* 
many bestial crimes perpetrated by ihe Hitlerites, a gTeal many 
proofs of which have previously been submitted to the Tribunal. 

For these reasons the Soviet Prosecution categorically hialjfts on 
the TejrtHon of the application of the Defense Couns*!- 

I have finished my statement 



INT XV 290 



Any address assertion ma( f B fl , ^ proMfiurors ^ K C0ll5iJ d Bred 
prpvun ' unfass the dalfljufoiils couJd disproof b it , . , 

I Junr ■ 

OR LATERNHFB Vp U h aiT a^ 5PPn lhr Wrt * hkfl tfc.j^^, 

-m^Ucs command ,r, tht Y Ufios fc v ihepter of war Can you 

explain any of the pjrtutes which you perhaps slil] reelect? 
JODL I brieve that *very picture shown Ja thii eeui-lrDnm la, 

"* ™- , m> ri y t ^ t ^'flT lil , » a D i d MM . T he., ^n. ra M|„ T .H 
E^/T^phs BLil i( has .u ;vit bwr, ^ud iKliJl ^ t.1u,^7^h; 
HfFL^-nh-il tl wai m,] dear from ih t - film whflh. T 11,.. t |ur tha t 
gg mauling n humun hr-l„ f . WJ „ rm , , A, ,, ^,3,^1 , n ,-■ T^T - 
rt»ti (raining center *- J 

THE PRESIDENT; That t S mi , tc Hrpt , m ^ 

OK LATERIS'SEfl: 1 Was fi burnt ttJ stun him 

THE PHESIDE.S'T: ¥ea 

OR. LATER NSJfiR. J wa.i thinking of cerl Jtin photograph* which 
iou TT,^hr b* *bk tc rWy with A ctfUria&i as- -: remember nne 
£n ^uM* * M ' Gt ^ 3vmp3rig Bl * human b P in S cr a dummy," 

■ 

THE PRESIDENT. $% arKed him about these phn«,graph* 

flR H 1* j S i* n,il1 lh " V *** B]1 |ru *-™ h " *»pii™n-lruP pictures 
" n * *J« ' l f k * «"*>■ K* ■**** kn.w anything rt Ou( them 
-ri .nythmg Ib.l he ran say upon them a^anf 1„ Ui b 



DR. LATER N5ER: I wll] withdraw that question. 

G^nmlobPnt, w*i Umram c=p]ured in Ihe mannrr as tested 
by the witness Van oVr &*&! Tb* witness Van del Essen aid that 
Luiivam \i-es IflkCn will tout fighting. 

t 'fS^ 7 b ,l V l BScprUjnFd tJ»J the Armed Forces minniuniqiir 

W a 1 ?,' -. o ay ™ t,lini ltie.«ntw«- '■Lam-aLn taken nfti* 
heavy fljrh(]jijj. Bur I du not believi- . 

&$& pftBSIDEh " r: Whrt ™ ^ ■&» *« yp U flr , mm 

<n.p1lii*d: whither It WM only evaruilerf by thf *nLv And ih™ 



THE PRESIDENT H.>w did it *ff t cl th« Gen^l SlafP 

D« LATKRNSER: WeR fg ihiii «£ Mf p« sWHrt , d „ 
know whi> .hDuld be W . mf d for ih,. e*,nl T cannot s*7 E 

S Z ?, Bn> *" 6f tht drf *"*™** «»d if nobody can 
oi.-med l t ,r |l, wc muM iirjkfr qui Ihr wtu.lc event 



be 



TMT XV 4tJ 



-237- 
Etfectiva cross -otanii notion wns simply not alloinrett 



II JPH. « 

DR. THGMA Wru Rosenberg clone? 

BLaHA: Pfo, be was with the other persons. 

DR. THQMA: That is to say, only with the camp commander? 

BLAH A: No, there were many other people with him. 

DR. THqMA: That la to say, he had in escort, • itatTT 

BLAH A: Yes. 

DR.THOMA: Members oE Rosenberg 1 * staff? 

BLAHA: I don't know whether that was Rosenberg's slid, but 
there were b number of persons- 

DR. THOMA. A number ol persoruT Witness, the Defendant 
Rosenberg assures me most definitely that he hag never been to ih.a 
gancen tratiorii enrn.^ a t "pliph'a.u . Is it possible thai there haJ been 



■ miitakt? 

BLAHA: I believe I am not mistaken. Besides the German In 
question knew Rosenberg very well, I believer 

DR. THOMA: How do you know tha i? 

BLAHA: Because he told ma » neflnitely, Otherwise, I have 

no wny of knowing that 

THE PRESIDENT' Dr. Thorn*. 

DH. THOMA: Y«. 

THE PRESIDENT: You mil forgive me II J _ point out to you 

that this la. in Len Jed lo be an expeditious trio \ and lhat it Lb not 
right to "take up too much time upon smi I pa mis like thu. 

DR. THOMA: My Lord, I ask your permission to remark, thai 
the question at whether or not Roienbcrg Was. In the concentration 

camp is of decisive importance. I thank you. 

DfL OTTO FANNENBECKER (Counsel lor Defendant Erlck): The 
Defendant Frick states that he haj never beer jn Dachau Camp , 
Therefore, In order to clarify the facts I should Like to ask the 
followinfi (juCfi-lLoni: 

Witness, ai what distance do you believe you saw Frlck? 

BLAHA: [ saw him (ram the window ai he passed with a 
number of. people. 

DR, PANNENBECKEtt: Did you know Frick before? 

BLAHA: Yes, from pictures. 

DR PANNE NBECKER: From pictures? Did you recognize him 
yquraelf or did tome friend tell you that It w&s Frlck? 

BLAHA: A number of iu saw him acid I looked at him panic- 
uUrly, became at that time he was already Protector of Bohemia 



1MT V 



1M 



Ths defendants were not allowed lo take the aland 
to cooirndicl the prosecution witnesses . . . 



11 Jin « 



and Moravia, Tor that reason t had a personal Interest in 
recognizing hlm- 

DRPAMNEtfBECKER: Did Prick wear a uniform? 
BLAHA: I do not behove so. 

^ DH. PANNENBECItEK: D L d you recognize anybody who was 
with him, anyone from hii staff or tram the camp command? 



SLA HA: 1 did not know tifa Aaff. Frtnn the camp command 
there waj Camp Commander Weiter- Camp Coinmaiider Welter, 
and his adjutant, Otto, 

DR. PANNE NBECKER: Could you name anyone of your com- 
radea who alau recognUod him? 

DLAHA There were many comrade* of mine whn at that time 

were itandinjj at the win now. Unfortunately. I cannot say whu 
they were, because, u you will understand, life In ihe cancentratson 
camp wu ao full of incidents thai one could not record lh«e things 
accurately in one's memory, One remembera only the moru 
Impo riant event*, 

Dft PANNENBECKEH: Did yau reeognke him at once of your 
own accord whEn he passed by, or had 11 been mentioned prtvioujly 
that Fnck was expected? 

BLAH A: No, It was no! mentioned then. Wc simply heard that 
a high-ranking viiitor was etpetted, and we were waiting lor thin 
high-ranking visitor. We were not to)d hefnrahand who it would be. 

DR. PANSENBECKER: Did yOu rocotfnire Ffick J mmed ia te ty 
when you cimii into the courtroom, or did yOy know beforehand 
that he w/aj. silting In the fourth seat here? 

RLAfctA. N"a, t recognized him easily, because J hove already 
seen him marly timta In various pictures, and because he la a we 11- 
known person in Bohemia and Moravia. 

DH.PANNEN11EeKZn: You belie v* then that there can be rm 
question of any error. 

BLAHA: I dnn't think so. 

0B. PANNENHECKEK: May I I hen ask the Court whpther Frick 
himself may take ihe stand to tvf.-.Ufy l-hat he has never MED DachaU 
Cimp' 1 f w aril hi maiiP in-s wrtit.t) ;i.>m- frj that, tf r.ecassjry, \i;tj 
witness might be confronted with'FntJc. 

THE PRESIDENT: Counsel tor the defendants win understand 
that they wlh have the ojipff rtu n i ty , when it comes tc. Thai r lime 
to present than- cjsjjs, to cal] all the defendants, but they will not 
hav* ar. opportunity of calling them now. They will have to wait 
until the caac fur the ProsEcution is over and they wili then have 



195 



2P>- 



i.fl Opportunity, each of them, to all the defendant for whom they 
appear, if they wjsh lu, 

DR PANNENBECKER. J simply lhpugh.1, thai *i the- witness, la 
avj liable now . . „ 

f&v Kuburtbok apfrroarlmd tAe lertern.jf 

THE PRESIDENT It la now 5:0(1 o'clock mud tin! ess you are 

going to be very short . - are yau going to be very &hort ? 

DR. EGON KUBU5CHOK (Counatl ior 1 lilt- Reich Cabinet): 
Yes, Sir 

fTuriin\t) tp lhc XL'ilwes&.J Witness, you said that when prominent 
visitors raniL' 1u the camp, for instance. Ketch ministers, exlcnxtaf 
prepo m ti Dtis wbie made bef'jr^hiind. You also said (hat U 1 1 d esi robl e 
persons wctd removed Maybe you Cttuld Jiupplenwnl thai state- 
ment I am interested to know what the purpose of the.w prepara- 
tions was. 

BLAliA: I meant that everything had to be in order. In our 
infirmary all the patients Kad id Jlle m bed quietly, everything waa 
gashed and prepared, the instruments were pMiShittl, AS U Usually 
the- caic for high* fa rifc ing vis Hoi's. We were not altuweri ±v do 
anything — no opera Lions; no bandaged nor food! Were given OtJl 
before the visit had terminated. 

CHI KUBHSCHOK. Could ytm perhapi lell me which undesir- 
able pe Mann were tu be removed, an you said belo re? 

Bi*AHA: Well, the Russians especially were always kepi strictly 
in lriEir blocks. Jt wai Sold that they were afraid of possible 
demonstrations, assassinations, <t cetera 

DR KUBUSCHOK Were prisoners kept out of right became 
they aba wed OUl ward GJgUS of s It-tree 1 men l? 

ELAHA- tt goes without saying thai before the visitors nobody 
wai struck, beaten, hanged, or executed. 

OR. KUBLTSCHOK. To turn up, the purpose pf these prepara- 
tions Wa* tu prevent the guests: Jrom seefng the concentre tiun camp 
as it really was, 

BLlAHA- From teeing the cruelties. 

DR. KUBU5CHOK, Thank you, 

THE FRESIDEN'Ti The Court will not ait in open session tomor- 
row, Saturday, and will only sit En the morning on Monday, because 
(here it work to be done in the closed aessinn InmujTpw and on 
Monday afternoon- I though! ft would be convenient for counsel 
to know that 

The Court will now adjourn, 

[The THbun&l adjourned until H January IW0 m J000 hours, J 

IMT V IM 



MADE IN RUSSIA - THE HOLOCO$T 



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Teitinnjnf was curtailed whunevfli .t was tearnd saminnft might 
conlrariiet a ia*ouiite prosecution witness . . 



*„u-mrnn_ li. it ««* true thai a fl&pK? m a "n^nlni^ii ^mp 
Z Z* '.fan* few* inJ have a«e~ to the different | R dUf»» uid 
Install" I ions. 

THE PRESIDENT: The Tnbuiml thirds he ran »av thai he djj- 
, P ^p K ».»/ihc ^H.-ner iJ Blu ha, Wl nd thai Waha was no 

c~ How rriuzh r»R time do you anticipate, ihpt 3T*« U tfW 

HEK1I PELCKMANN Five minutes, Your Lordship. 

You — y y-' -hmil Insav. Wito *« ^hv ^13^ H D 1 Bt!riJ[ ' ^^ 
t he It: JjUjp nnv uF Illulji' "'' 

MGRGEN: I said , 

THE PRESIDENT: He ha* givpn hi* owti evidence ibiwl L the 
metier. rod he » T > ^ fr L " co^r^l 1 "'" 1 with fflnha ffr ilnnt 

1IEBR PELCKMANN: Mr. President, .f I undewtood SjW; 
that ufi such end fludL pnlnli of the tHtimtmy 0* Bl"^ hc " H * 5UC * 

and *Xn SlWmS. Pr^tion # W3 r he did not ™ f m 
on it. Thai it my endtuvbr. Please iiutmel itie, Your Lordship, ? 
I am mistaken 

TH* 1 PRESIDENT: He has given his account on the camp at 
Dachau Tii e Tribunal h™ before it fr » «.u<d B n^ and t M umor.y_gl 
pl=,h B . Th~r.^.ii^.i ™ a E i-e E JJBM if tbc-fvinmnr tfl lmwrtftflml- 

Tp n > Hi surftLiuni. 

HEAR PELCKMANN. I only attempted to givo the ^^ bu j 

If the Court d<*«, not wish to e° &»*> " further, I will withdraw 

the question. 

/Turnip te rhe unti»».f Wdl y<nJ hrafly pum up* 1 wnuld rath" 

eo ati to the bit question which is of imparlance re B ardini£ >OU* 

Credibility. Did you give ihc tostimony to the way you have tf«en 
ii heir once before? 

MORCEN; Yes At the UjW fit ihe ^llnpse I was etiief just™ 
in BfiaUu WUrn 1 tame 10 Germany tte some Uhie, 1 1 ) fear0 "* 
CIC we. looking for me ftr, aenjuni ^ my knd^lfd Re aooui coneen- 
traTion «m« 1 ^parted In the CIC headquarter. M B nnh«™- 
SS^h^. m Ar^ «d »id T W» ready to help C i«r jj - J 
crime* I *»** my i^timony on Iht -arete Unci vWdi I »"™P 1 ^ 
in mm today. 1 went *» ^e CIC h«dqn»rtrra r Ohrrur^l, ™d 
_,.__ i t__j _i „.. toiiimimv I whs ii*&&6 up l" a ounKer m 



ftlter -i nan uivlu juj ™"»""'ji 



arretted Tnv&E , ]f. 

HERll PELCKMANS; Very well. Da you know thu pampbkrl 
55-D.ithftti which J submitted is the Tribunal yesterday and whtch 



TUT XX cia 






■^1 



Defense arloinoys were MJiirimandfirt lar "canlusinu" 
the, witness^ on cfoss-finminalion - - 



■ Jbpi.*# 



don't know what you mean by hot being protected ajjolnsl the 
Prosecution, ThePrciccutLun caLLed this witness and the defendants" 
counsel had the £ull«t opportunity to cniiH*Bjmne, and we 
underrtood you went to the Tribunal far the purpose of cross- 
eiamininf the witness, I do not understand yaur proteit. 

HERR BABEL: Your Honor, unfortunately I do not know the 
court procedure cuitomary in England, America, and other countries. 
According to the German penal cade and to German trial r&jjula- 
tfpha, it la customary that unjustified and unfounded attftrJcs q( Um 
kind made against a participant ut a trial itc rejected by lha 
presiding judge, L therefore expected that perhaps this wuuld be 
done here too. but as it did not happen, I look the ikcmhm to. ,.. 
If by doing m. I violated the rules of court procedure, I beg to he 
excused, 

THE FftESffiENT: What unjust Recusation* arc you rcferrin-B In? 

HERR BABEL: The FrosgcuNna Attorney imp lied Ihat I put 
questiaru to WLtnsjisVs ralcullltgri t'n eunfy^ lharn. hi Qrder to pre- 
vent tlw- wi Lj-ljs5.es fYum Le.Ttifying In J proper manner This is an 
accusation against the Detente which Is ah iltauH lo ul, al least tfl 
my*sll— I do not know what the altitude of the otoer Dwfcn« 
Counsel Is, 

THE PRESIDENT: I am afraid I do not understand what you 
mean. 

H£RB BABEL: Your Honor, t inn anrry. I think I cannot con- 
vince ynu an yan probably do not know thlii aspect of German 
mentality, for our German regulations ace entirely different I do 
not wish to rrproath dux President in arty way. I merely wanted 

,. . . .-, j t ...._- j ut_:_ -«.._-*4^._ ,.„',, ,ct nn-rl that I t*i^ft II 



ID poEilL OUt UW L Etms-.U.vr una i\-iui»n^ t ua ■>».>* ^— ~ — — • - ■ ~t--- "- 

THE PRESIDENT: Dr Babel, F understand you are siting that 
I ht Prosecuting Attorney Aitd something to ynU -1 Mow, what la Lt 
you say the Prosecuting Attorney said to yau? 

HEAR BABEL: The Prosecuting Attorney mid that T wanted to 
ennfuse witnesses by my questions nnQ 1 , m my opinion that means 
[am doing some thing improper I am not hers lo confuse witness** 
but to waist the Court to And thfe truth, «id this cannot be done 
"by confusing the witnesses. 

THE PRESitJENTi I understand now I do not tiunk lhat the 
prnoc-cutLng Attorney meant to mike accusations against your pro- 
(ESiLonal Conduct al"o,]I. II that fi only what you wish lo say, I 
quite understand the point you wiah lo malt*. Do you want lo ask 
this witness any questions? 

HERE BABEL: Vm, 1 have one quKtEon. (Tuminp (a lh* 
witntn} Yau testified that wenpqm f 50 guns, ii I understood 



irMT VT 31& 



-242- 

Defense attorneys were not given copies nf documents 
introduced into evidence bv the prosecution . . . 



II rob. « 

they will admit them, Ji and when the documents are offered, in 
evidence, they will then consider whether they will admit them or not, 

COL. POKROVSKY^ Witb the permission o! the Tribunal, I wish 
to present Major General Zorya, State Councillor of Justice of tt\o 
3rd CSass, who, will present the materials on the following themt fij 
"Aggression against the Soviet Union." 

DR. LATERNSER: I should like to point out that the decks inn 
oj the Tribunal, lha'. every d f f n fi<i p.t 'a counsel should ru^ij, ■ 
suriLCLunlly in advance, a copy rcf all documents which, ^e lo L 
subrniltud J a cVLden.ce in the coil ran of the DrQieedln.gs, has no L h;~i : 
COtnpljed '-viTh. It Ls, therefore, diCfual: f^r_the_ Defense to fol ■■■■■ 
inc. proceedings because the duL\i^;ep.tS s'jbmiUeri have nol 'arc- . 
distributed in sufficient quantity . 

THE PRESIDENT; I don't think the Tribunal have ever Lrr.pnA .i 
upon the PrOSu^UitL03i rh-? fluty' o f suppling 5 Cray a± e^erv rlnc.i - 
ment Co every mem be" nl dd-.-^ian.s ^iTjr.sn . 

You nu d'JLib". htiv? before ydu a COpv of the Tribunal's Oyjk'i 

..„,,„ tha inhiaM en ^ I Injal 1 ul'i^ rhat thp iT.rr9*lT- La ROS'W-'fl U llOrL I !l . ■ 



board In the defendants' Information Center. If I reme:iV;i. 
correctly, it is that a certain number of originals Or phc-tnshli. 
copies shall be deposited in the Information Center, snd thai .1 
certain number of copies of the documents shall be supnlied to Un 
defendants' counsel, and Chat, for Ihe rest, the defendants' COUn^l 
must rely upon the fact that every document or part of a dtfCUm^r.: 
which is put in evidence is rcaa La opsn court and, therefore, cm:" ■■ 
through the earphones to Defendants' counsel and will arppo;u; n« 
the shorthand notes. Wo have provided that copies nj the sharllrir 1 .^ 
notes .shall be Supplied to defendants' COUn^l as soon §LS p^.-> i ■ ' ! ■ ' 
alter the day on which the evidence is given. Beyond t hat w '■ • • ■ ^ ■ • 
not thought it right to iitlQ-O-Fe a duty upOft the Prcsixu^n ' ' 
.supply documents to tKi? il^f-indsnta 1 coim se l- 
ls that not in accordance wilh your recollection? 
DR. LATERNSER: Mr. PrtsLdent, the Anter-.tan Frosecu 1 i un , '■■■<■■ 
BritLsh Prosecution, and also the French Prosecution, In the emu " 
of the proceedings, handled ?his in such a way that enough w.'irt 1 '- 
of all documents were made available to the Defense fur ■ i'h 
defendant's counsel to have one copy before him. I bcLicvy 'I- 1 
what is possjhle for the other Prosecution should aJso bi? pir-^tiH 
lor the Soviet Prosecution, in .order lo facilitate the work. 

THE PRESIDENT- That is a belief on your part which E> n- 1 
strictly In accordance with the Tribunal's orders. The Trjbnn:J n" 1 
not made that order, and it may be that the United Slat? 4 arv* 
Great Britain have gone beyond the Tribunal's orders, ami 



supplied a copy to each defendant's counsel. But, as I $#?< 
IMT VII %U 



hi- 



-243- 

NEwspnpermon were given 250 copies ol twaiy document. 

but tho defend wine unl ftY«fl givEii one of earh 



ii »u ii 

Tribunal has not aa yet seen fit to impose that duty upop the 
frosecLLtton 

I ruppos? you dnn'i reaUy know exactly ho*-' many copies of 
these Soviet document:! have been deposited in ihe Informant! n 
Center^ 

DR LATE (UiS Elk I d^n't know Hi* ** act number. At. any rate, 
there vucre not t-neugh for each defendant's counsel to get a cop;,- 
*r * 4 eh document, as was Ihe case, so far, with tfrt oth*r Prose- 



cullojis. 

THE PRESIDENT Well, yim r.o doubt underhand the rery 
great difficult (if m*kliyg tronJlutiuns and making EDpi_a. I am 
m re lh_T :h& Snvn?t prCWCUtnra._w.il tip evLTvthmy In th-.nr poner 
to J.5-tAt df-fBng.in1-' Vc.ur._tfL. bul, "■- T r:iv. w ^ia-^ hut \n:\-*:-i--. 
upon thrPrD5--iir.sn ^hp d_i«_i' ■>? TJ 71 ply, rig nn^cQ pv .W * tran^illon 
into 6?rm,irt -..f P^h il,..:-.i:n*Tifr ini _:- .+■ iM.-n/.r.^' c = i i= _nj___; . iT^i 
urtty express tr^ htip./'-^t th_ Soviet prcit-cuiirr- will do 11t? b«*t 
lh?y can, 

DH LATEEN5ER Mr President, t remember, wnfcrt ihe tact 
became kirawn iktt LhL tjr_ss hail ..-..ygd -SO cnpipg n* }h_ do:-- 
immte yp-l, Mr ■ '■-.i.J.n: *xpn-ti..vi il^-ir.r ■ - ih-'. ■ ■ i/huiilit ^h_n 
aim bc'pf.^bU L_ d:5tHbu'_ .? W - '-■-' H" 1 rl^iJan^ CQ-r.3r.J__ 
TfiiiL wja, at thiit term-, th* opim-ir. <j[ The- Tnb unal 

THE PRESIDENT. The Tribunal's- order* un tbl* subject are Lp 
writing and you will find lr__m In thtf deft-rid _nt-" lnlanna^ori 
Cemtr 1 h»v* ___t_iL my rec__l_L"tiPn of t h. _-rn , \* I am wronR, yovi 
U_ bring rnt a copv ot the ftncmn_nt und J W;Ll withdraw my 
.ti _?Ti__nt 

MAJOR GENERAL N P, Z^JRYA (A-si-T-nt P_r*__Ul-r __r the 
I!SSRt M.iy i: pl__s_ Y-ut Hurtata. it is ffl> *..*«% to pre_.ni in. 
d_ryrfwnt-.ryEv_de.uv dialing with tbnj Hiyreeion ■ !£»___!__ the [Mop 
«* Sf viet &o^i_ili=t RepubUrt. <_.£»«&=£__ bv .ho _a__:_t war c rim In* Li 
rm\y sifting in tbw d__k 

This charge oT the fir J me, ni en 1 1 u n _d \s\ S ul_ pa _fl _TH ph. a. 
Article VI of the Charter ft* Uhj'e Inl.mnlmnni SliliT-^ Tf'bunal, 
wn* form ula led in Paragraph ti_ Station 4. Count ©Br b_ th* InclL__i 
m_rU in the prt-unt ease, and Ih -totlttn IV □_ the opening -t-lemcnt 
by ihe Cruel, Proft-CUlor from th_ U.S-S R . GcnErai Ft u d en ■; ■ - 

Among ltw many crlininnl w-H-ra which German la_cLSm. With 
prc_l__tory aim -v,igerJ .lfidtnat th_ frB_d^m-Ltn."ng nation.*, too. 
attouk oci IKe Union or |hr Soviet. EcmiaLl^L Hep^bSitlS qccupiei » 
place tjy itselT- 

It Can bfl taltfly Mid thit ihn prtdalory war against lh€ Soviet 
Union waj the kejnfU^of liie entire tasz&i ^onspiricy ngainsr |,n?acp- 
Tht aggressive actinns on the part oJ G_rrnan faic;sm commit^ 



IMT VII 245 



-244- 

D -tense attorneys wira given pile? of do rumen is 
every morning which wort -II d_i uf ordei . . 



will finl tn the appendix to the document book. This document will 
become Exhibit Number RF-370. 

"The Reich Minister and Head of the Resch Chancellery, 

4 June 1G4-*. 

"To the Reich Minister of Justice. Doctor Tnierack. 
"Subject; Lynch law for Anglo-American murderer*. 
"My dear Dt: Thieradc: 

"The Chief of the Party Chancellery has informed me or his 
secret memorandum, i copy of which is enclosed, end has 
■aked me to make it known to you aba 1 am complying with 
this, and aak you to consider lo what Mttent you wish to 
inform tht tribunals and the public prosecutors." 
On 5 June,, two important conference! were held between Kal- 
lenbrunner< Rlbbeatrop, Goring (alt three defendants). Himrnlcr, 
Von BrauchiL&ch. officers of tht Luftwaffe, unci members of the 55 
They decided to draw up a definite list of air operations which 
would be considered aa acta of terrorism. 

The original transcript, drawn up by Warlimont and bearing 
written notes by Jed I and KeltcL is Document Nyniher 735-PS, 
which I submit as Exhibit Number HF-371. It was decided during 
this conference that, lynching would be the ideal punishment to stop 
certain types of air operations directed against the civilian, popula- 
tion. Kaltenb runner, for hi* part, promised the active collaboration 
of the SD. 

THE PRESIDENT: Was it already read? 

M, DQBOST This document, so far as I know, was never read 

PROFESSOR DOCTOR FRAtfZ EXNER (Counsel for Defendant 

J ad l): i am protecting against the presentation of Document 532 -F5. 

dated 24 June 1544 That is a draft of an order which was presented 
to Jodl but which was crossed out by hini and therefore annulled 

At thbj opportunity I would oiso like to call the attention of the 
Court to the fact that - we trm Counsel for the Defense, did not 
receive a document book hhe the- one presented to the Tribuna l ; 
and it is therefore very hard for us to check and tn follow the 

S ieBcnlatmns of the Prosecution Every mornlntj we receive a pile of 
PCUments, r-crn-i of which panlyTefer lo future and some to past 
proceedings. Bui I have not si'tfn, a document bwk 3.n._dirun" f jl-JriJ^ i 
order for weeks. Furthermore, it would be desirable for us to 
[L^iiLve Hie documents the day before . In inat ca^e. when testimony 
is prosinicd, we could he of assistance to both aide* 

THE PRESIDENT: Dr.Emer, ire you saying that you have not 
received the document book or that you have not received the 
dossier? 



IMT VI JM 



,245- 
Defense attorneys were net advised os tn the order of proceedings r . . 



H Jin. 41 

DR. EXNELR: I did not receiv* the document book. I would like 
Id add wmEthlna further. Soma of the- documents w hich have juat 
been presented were quoLelTv-ithont Signal una Ann WJ ;r.P«t Egg 
and if is questionable whe^r tWie ^-^i^i docum ents *re 1o be 
cans: tiered as Ltocumfrn'.^ st j.I 

THE PRESIDENT: Well, I inmgmd thai you have just heard— 
J have told M Dwfaort that he must announce the «hiblt number 
whid\ the French Prosecutor is givlnjs to any document whicn he 
puts in evidencs. Ai I undented U, he his been putting number* 
upgn ih& documents; but in certaLn caies he hai not announced the 
number In open rotu-t The document, m you have seen, baa beeti 
presented, and, u I understand. LL has a number upon ft, but he 
has no! in evcrv case announced the numbing and the Tribunal Has 
tnld & Duhosl that it wtshrt and it order* that every document 
put In bv the French Prosecutor should have an exhibit number 
announced in Court. That meet* the on* (Kjint ihat yem raised 

As to your not having the document book, that is, ot #m * 
breach of the order which the Tribunal has made that a certain 
number of coptes of the documents should he deposited In the 
defendants' Information Center or eiherwrijse furnished to defendants 
counsel 

As tu Document 512 -PS 

(There top4 fl pan** rrt t,WF proecediitcjs while ihm Judge* can/erred J 

Dr. E*ner, Is there anything further you. wish to uy up<m these 
pninti, because we arc just ibout to have ■ recess for a few 
moments. We would like to hear what you haVc IP say before Wt 
have the receJff, 

DR EXNER: I have nothing further to add to thai, but it I may 
be permitted lo make a further remark. WC were advited that it 
wm tfftil HonOr'n WUh that we sho uld h-jar overv dav what is. tg 
he the subject of the ;_nrOC«dtnBJs on The following day, which w^uld, 
3 i-Dur^L. he -t firrat hi]ip tu i.-ur preparation:! So far. that hai 
never been I hi? Cgjg [ myself hjve never heard whal was to he 
de.iit with ihe fuLLuwina da y 

THE PRESIDENT: Thank- you JM, Dubusl. Lhe Tribunal would 
like to hear what you have to say upon the poLnls raised by 
Dr. Exner- first of. alL upon, the Document 533-P3; secondly , why 
he did not receive a document book; and lastly, why he has nol 
received any program as to what la to he fione into on the fol- 
lowing day, 

M. DLJBOST' At to ih* quest km of program, a J Dr. Exner 

■ ■ ■ ■ . -I -■..--- _J1 : J I ■ tk h, u. I ki-Lnai ai- ■ -i l-i. Pi r-fc-i n r4 kl< 



pointed cut, we custom 01 proviaipg n nai noi o«n caLuumnmj «j 
IMT VI JS7 



Tht Jick-Fn ifio-Box Wilness Technique 



I Minh 41 



E 

uuv 



came beck, and then: Dr Scidl cduJu" put any affidavit to him |j h 
wanted We mtfiht want to rt-nemiTit on the point I do not kn 
what is bi the- Affidavit. 

THE PRESIDENT: Was br. crm-r-iixammr* by Dr, Scidl? 

DH.SEID1/ Whi>n Thr witness waj heard hero J hod no oppor- 
tunity to crn55-*xamimr him, end for thai tTOSfln » , , 

THE PRESIDENT; Why did you hiive nu Opportunity to CtpSf- 
e&aniinc him? 

DR SEIDL: Beuauac 1 did not know beforehand that he would tie 
c all rd hy the- PrtweriJliori m a vilix i &a and "had "no opportunity hi 
EpgJk h- the Dc-fcnd-afit Fra/ili ibout thy quchtirn* whlirh nUfiKt h'nv. 
been pu t to Ihk? witness ™~ " 

THE PRESIDENT: We]], we will consider whelhur the witness 
ought li> be recalled for cruSi-esaminBtlyn or whet her you will br 
allowed to call him yourself. Thr affidavit which you say he hat 
made, he? lhat b«n Submitted To the Prosecution? 

SIR DAVTD MAXWELL-FYFE; J have not seen ji K My Lord 

DR SEJOL: No, Mr. PrcsLdwi], my opinion an this point Is the 

(ojjowjng . . 

THE PRESIDENT: When you Eaw Van dem Bach.Zclew&i did 
you fee him with ■ rrpresenlullve of lhe Prosecution* 

DR SEIDL: Mo, Mr, President, the General Secretary himself 
Granted me permiMion to speak u> the witness, and that wa* after 
the Court had already approved lhe use of en interrogatory, 

THE PRESIDENT: Bui when lhe witness was called by the Frose- 
culjon and you had the opportunity of crass- examination, 11 you 
were not ready ifi erasi-nxamine, you oufiht to have talked, to crash- 
examine him at a later dale I mean if you were not able lo cross- 
examine et that lime, becauE-e you had not had on>' cortimunltatLan 
with the Defendant Frank on the pubjrct. you ou^ht to have ask^ 
Id cross-examine at a later date. 



un. bHiLUUi I could nove marli? this applicallon to th-p Court H I 
hud thought thai therv was any reason lor quest inning the witness 
J did not find out until Lattr that Ihe witness possessed any viial 
information rclrt-ant to Frank"* can, 

THE PRESIDENT: Well, the Tribunal will consider the matter. 

DR. SEIDL; May I perhaps add something to this pom l? The 
difficulty of a crass-em ml nation ka jun this, that Vf dip pol jgarn 
q! the intended calling at a witness by the Prosecution until the 
Witriuss is led mil) ;ji L "ttHlrlrgpm,. and we "djojmit knpw the ~f ub|cet 
gf the evident un:i| the FrosecuUun start to ck amine I hi- witness. 



IfcT Vni asj 



247- 



Tliey wart yivan virtually all a! their documents in English 
translation instead at ttw Caiman original . , 



1t P«. * 

a. particular ind limited charge or Indictment, piecemeal argument, 
therefore, would not be orderly, but would be repetitious* incom- 
plete poorly OrjEanLied, and of little help to the Tribunal. The 
issues deserve careful, prepared presentation of the contentions on 
bosh sides. 

We wiU ask, therefore, upon these conditions, which wc think 
protect everybody'* rights arid enable the Defense as well as our- 
■elves to make a better presentation of their question* beca.use they 
will have tLrne to prepare them, to lay before the Tribunal, ai 
rapidly as possible next week and as uninterruptedly as* possible, 
Lhe evidence which bears upon the accusations against the organi- 
sations. 

tHI PRESIDENT^ Mr. Justice Jackson, have you yet communi- 
cated that tD the defendants* counsel in writing or noi* 

MR. JUSTICE JACKSON: I have not communicated It, unless 
it hu been sent to lhe information Center since noon, 

THE PRESIDENT: 1 think, perhaps, it might he convenient that 
you should state what you have stated to us as to objections to the 
evidence In writing so they may thoroughly understand it- 

MR. JUSTICE JACKSON; I have prepared to do that and in 

supply sufficient copies for members of the Tribunal and far all 
defense counsel- 



THE PRESIDENT: Yes. 

KERR BOHM I represent the members of the SA- who hive 

volunteered to be qu rationed before the Tribunal. I understood the 
statement of Justice Jackson only partially, As Defense Counsel 
[ have no an- who can. supply me with Information and I cannot, 
under any circumsSances,. agree tu give my views on statements 
which I do not know or which ore made known to me in such a way 
that I am not in i position to get inform atiuii. 

I should Lkr to ails first that t be supplied with * German trans- 
lation of the statement which the Prosecution has made on the 
future course of the Trial, so that I can express my views on it 
I do not represent here Just one person but millions of people who 
will, titer the Trill, come forward with ill sorts of accusations 
against me, possibly even justified accusation* My own respon- 
sibility, as well u Lhal of my colleagues who represent I he organi- 
zations, Is Immense. I should therefore like to request, aa ■ matter 
of principle, that anything which li presented in this Trial at all 
be submitted to me m the German language, because I wt not In 
a position to fiavj^whole volumes ul documents Iranalatcd into Of- 
man from an^dav td the i^Jtt-^documenti which could quite easily 
be given to me in the German original. This is ■circumstance 

IMT III 59 g 



*m* 



Or they wore givon 2 copies of a document fur 25 lawytirs 
hi 10,30 Bm. whon I rial siarTBd it 10 



n 

which makes it dreadfully hard f&r me, as well as for a number 
qJ my colkafimvi. to follow thp Trial at all. 

Of the trim-minatory evidence against the orga nizationa, I have 
previously gathered little in the proceedings up to now. Since, 
according to today's- statpmenij. however, The evidence against the 
organ iiatiDns is to be presented shortly, I should like to ask emphat- 
ically that, If we are to continue to represent the organizations, 
the proceedings be conducted in Such a way mat, til 1 technical 
respect, too. we nhMl be In a position To carry on the defense in a 
responsible manner. 

THE PRESIDENT, As yau know or have been tolJ h only those 
parta of documents whjch are read before- ihe Tribunal are treated 
B5 being in evidence and therefore vou hear thraiia-h vhur PimHnndi; 



*i *'t*« h 1 ^ — 



everything' chat ifi in mdflnce read to you in German. You know 
also thrn there are tw w tofrhra qf the documents m your Information 
Centex which ure in Cerm.irt So much for that. Thai has been the 
procedure up to now, 

I±i ardor l Q meet the Legj timate wishei of German counsel, the 
proposal Which Mr. Justice Jackson has juiE marip is perfectly 
slniple, an I undeTiitnnd u, and jt La this: 

That the question of the criminality o( these organizations should 
not be argued before the evidence Ls put hi; that the Umted States 
courmti should put in their evidence first, and that they hope to put 
the majority of it in evidence beforr the Christmas recess,, but that 
the German, counsel (defendants 1, counsel | shall be at liberty at «ny 
time, up to the time the United States eajso is finished, to make 
Objection to any part of lh* evidence on IheJc criminal organi- 
zations. Is that not clear* 

HEHH BOHM^ Yes, that in clear. 

THE FRE5LDENT: Have you any objection to thgt procedure.? 
HERR &OHM Yea. The procedure as suggtsied ^ clear, but I 
thmk It is hughly inadequate. I hiltf<J as yet had n'> Opportunity to 
- et into my hands either of the two copies, which arc said to be 
OWnJitEJrs Hi R'jfim H, maybe- because two tupji-;. are nnt sufficient 
fiH' IJVj purpiists L>f 25 iawvciB, espci-Lally af these CO pi us are placed 
In Room 5^ 30 in tru- morning, when Ihe jSjEap alarLs a I 



I 



W ) O'clock, "it would ntn wen snffici- ;l lb me k 



fiaMVlIB 



ese two criOKM ToTTE 



01 In w^rc placed inln our room an the day before, since i t is not 
EgssJblE for nil mi uj to make jali at ac lo ry use nr the&e two copies 

iu SO Short a lime. Arrangementi ill Quid therefore be crmdt — JUJt 
ho* the Praaecu ticn will make lhcm h I cannot »y — to enable us ic 
knuw at the prnptr time — and I emphasize a (fain, in the German 

language— what the Prosecution expect* of ua, so that our work 
ma;.' be of airaLJ to the Tribunal 



IMT II r «W 



-w- 



Dofcn&e attorneys ware inowsd uiirtir witn ducumenls 
which thev were hot given time to rtori . , . 



of concentratinn camps and turned over to the REldisbank. Valu- 

abler -which Lad beep taken from the inmates of concentration 

..T. m rwc j4nrl nrtf IH fjr. h In .-. P-il 1 1 ll tzh aTth. hi] I AC Ujr tlBUt* Mi".' £>T.Fi L tLitlES 



heard bore, to the Ketch Minister ol Finance, that !*;■. 

MR. DODD, Jusl & minim-, V/ere you in the habit of having 

jinld teeth deposited in. th& Ffeiriuihank? 

FUNK; No. 

MR, DODD: Bui you did have it from the 55, did you not? 

f'UNX: I do not know, 

MR DODD You do not know' 

Well, now, if YoUr Hlwjt please-, We have a, very brief Him, and 
I think we can show it before we adjourn, end I would like to ihow 
il to the witness before I examine- him furl her on this Raid b mines* 
in the ReJchabank It I* n picture that waa Unken by the Allied 
Forces When they entered the Ruichsbsnk. and ]l will show gold 
teeth and hrid^PE and sa on In their vauli*. 

FUNK: I know nothing about IL 

MR DODD: I think perhaps before 1 show the Aim I would like 
— [ think t can do it in the lime; I do want to complete Huh thin 
afternoon— to read you an affidavit fro™ ihia man Fun! who. you 

told me n few minutes ago, was * credible, well-informed man and 
wham you called as a witness This affidavit Is dated S May lEMfi. 

DR. SAUTER: Mr President, J protect Against the reading of 
thu affidavit by Herr Puhl. This affidavit most probably— I'm not 

Su.ri>— WAS taken ben? In Nuremberg- We do not know it* content* 
The FrB5ei.-ulJ.uiL surprisrff us today with an affidavit of which we 
Enow noLhuig, ai;ci wjlhin ti-it minute^ n doaen dircum cntv are 
t nroWn [IT Uf. hT which the Premonition A&Ucrts th ev arc only &hpJl 
d ocuments, where as, for instance, One affid avit among Ih^m contain. -- 
Iwnlvf pagcJ, I believe. It ia quite impos*ii?h* far un> in the courso 
r.f ih«- tiKtre-tric apccd at wiiiiJi LhL;: e.j Q mi na Lion U. lakmfl place, to 
fellow these statement.-; and these onoumentj . There fure f "have to 
prates! against the uae of an affidavit of that kind at this moment. 

MR. DODD; Well, thb affidavit wsi taken at Baden Baden, Ger- 
many. Oh the 3rd day of Mny We have been trying for B Jang time 
to put this part of this o*s* together, and wo have finally so receded. 
Certainly we did not turn it over loDr, Sauter, because we waited 
lo use it for juat the purpose; that I am trying Id put it to now, 
And it hi an affidavit or his auijtani Puhl. whom he called u a 
witness and from whom he expects to hare an InterrojJalDry. It has 
to do with a very bnportarii part In this cage, I might &*y that if 
wc are permitted to aw it, certainly Dr Sauter will have a cbattct! 

IHT XIII 163 



-250- 



Defendants wore exneciari to comment on riocumenls 
which they ware not nl lowed |d see r , . 



i Mir 



to ra-ncHTmne cm i< and he will have bJ] nifiht to aludy It 11 he 
would lEke to Jock it over 

THE FRESIDEST: Mr, Dudd. ore ynu wanting to erosa-mamine 
the witness abuui this document^ 

MB DODD- Yes. I want to read it to him and 1 want Id ask him 
■ COUple of questions aboul it 1 want him lit Jcnrnv il because it is 

the bail* for twy or three question? of cross^-cxamination, and to 
hnpeech him for statements, he has already made aboui the gold, 

THE PRESIDENT: You rnty do that- Bui Dr. Surfer, of course, 
wilJ be ft tdc. if he wishes to du so, to apply afterwards that Lhe 
witness ahould be produced for cross-examination. Arid he will 
havr time in Which he can connider Die affidavit and make any 
comments; that he wants to abput it 

MR DODD: Very well, Yollt Honor. 

BR.SAUTER: Mr, President, may I make hist one statement? 
Today a case occurred whertr the Prosecution protested against the- 
fatt that p document wha usphI of which the Prosecution had not 
previousty received an English translation. The representative of 
the FroietutLnn told m* hi' did nol understand German, and there- 
fore the document had 1o be translated. 1 am eJ the opinion that 
the Defense ahould get the same nghl as the Proaetrulion 

If ting EnHigh i document after the Other is thrown ai. me withou l 
my having the si i g) -, jy-^V idea of. tii4* c>nirflt£, then, "i cannot answer 
them r.hfueutue? are constantly increasing For instance I have 
tvckivl^I documents here ^hich Jcnnta In IS frag as. One sentence \t 
i-f.sd ou1 of Fudi b document. The dfrfcnd'aijt m, nut given time to 
tjsid even nni- jingle furlhpr paMgrHfih I my sett am not given 
tone. And jjj r,pjic of that it is cx-p*cl"e\J that the flffprnf;,riL, imme - 
d l iatfl^ explains " on rswngU- B^ntcnc>:- tjkpn qui nj the context, wjth - 
imL having thr pfl^ibifityjpf ex ;i Mulling Llje'doru meri t Thal h in my 
opinion, is asking too much - ' 

THE PRESIDENT Di.Sbjiw, you bad a translation In German 
of nearly every document, if not every document And you have 
also been given every opportunity to ennsider documents when they 
have been translated into German. And that opportunity will be 
given |n yciu hereafter and if there arc any documents which are 
being used in cross-examination nnw which ate not in German, they 
will be translated into German, and you will have them then. But 
once the iviuiesh is under crosa-estami nation, th* docurtifiits may he 
used. If you want to re-efcanune upon the documents after you 
have them in German, you will be able to do k. 

DR SAUTER: Mr, President, we Defense Counsel also desire to 
further the proceedings, and not to delay them. But it does nci help 

IMT XIII 1H 



-251- 

(Tlifl transcript a lull ol premises Id quit 
chanting, b"i ''•« anuses continued) . . . 



4 iur ■ 



mc al all if, Ijj a *er:k or two, -when 1 shall finally fruvt been able 
f' ■ ttan/im ILi- d'." u r ..-t.h Lhmwn. today p n lite LabloTi murA Turn tu 



you, Mr, President, with \h& requ^T trj be permitted tci gueslipn the 
Witney, again . W? are fllad uni'y W<- an' through with the txnmi- 
nation of the witnessed. Bui we simply cannot follow Mr. Dodd'G 
muihod I cannot follniw. and the defendant cannot either One 
caftnol expect the defendant to explain an isolated acrntenec tfth^n 
r> i j I cif the cnntcsl. if be had no chance trc cxaniin 1 Iml riixument as 
j""wht'l'i;~ 

THE PRESIDENT- Mr. Dodd. 

MR DODD: May I proceed to examine Dfi Ihf documEfil? 

THE PRESIDENT: Mr. Dndd, rave \tH] qc4 any &bjfrtion_jlr> 
Dr. Saiil er'i String the decument V 

MR DODD YfT Ind^d I have . I think IL would be a ntHf rule. 
Ever ilfiCf this Defense upertcd, we have presented and confronted! 
documents far Tin: purpose of i mpeaching lhe credibility "f varEoul 
«itm-«M and used Hies* documents, and Jl rjoes to the vejt-v Joun~ 
da I ion oi cross-examirtf lioti If we have to turn eudi documents over 
lu the DefEiisE befonr we crass-examin*, the whule purpose °* crcias- 

t-Haminalion. is gone. 

THE PRESIDENT. Mr. Dedd, II you are putting Ihe document 
in and putting it la the wilnesa as a document, then bis rounstL la 
entitled, 1 should have thought,, to have It at lie same moment. 

MR DODD 1 We- are perfectly willing to five him n German ropy 
right now. H la here for him. LI he wonts le have it, and" we were 
ready with it when ¥t came in the courtroom 

THE PRESIDENT^ In German-* 

MR DODO: Yei, Mr. President. 

THE PRESIDENT: I think the bcrt thing Will be for m to 
ftdjourn now, and then you will hand to pr.Sitiur when you u*e 
the document a tranilalinri o£ Jl In German. 

MR. DODD Yes; tomorrow momLng, whtn we use it. 

THE PRESIDENT: When you use it. 

MR DODD: Very well, Hlr. 



iTh* Tribunal adjourned until 7 May JflW at JCOO fcDUirr.J 



IHT XIII 165 



MADE IN RUSSIA - THE HOLOCO$T 



Return to MADE IN RUSSIA THE HOLOCO$T PART THREE 
Return to CONTENTS PAGE 



The Website of Carlos Whitlock Porter 



-257- 
Moia examples of Nagrant prosecutorial bad faiih. 



• Jul M 

THE PRESIDENT: There was, al any nle, a suggestion that 

translators should be ordered to translate suitfi documents ax trial 
briefs 

COL STOREY: That Is correct; yes, Sir, and whenever counsel 
wanted more copied then they would request them and they would 
be available For them The translator* or translations qr photoatais 
would be available if they requested them. 

Were there any other Questions, Your Honor? 

THE PRESIDENT'. Da you mean that translators ha\re not been 
supplied to defendants' counsel^ 

COL. STOREY: II Your Honor please* as [ understand, ihe 
defendants' Information Center la now under the jurisdiction of 
the Tribunal, and my information is— I would like id check it— that 
when they want extra copies all they have to do is aak for thern 
and they may obtain thtm and sul Relent translators are available 
to provide the extra copies If they want them. That ta my Lntor- 
roatlon T have not checked it In the last Jew days, but sufficient 
coples in EngLah axe furnished lor all the counsel; and these 
brle f 5 and document books are furnished td them ill advance In 
this case I am told that the document book ami the brtels were 
furnish ud 

THE PRESIDENT: Yei- 

DR FRITS SALTER [Counsel lur Defendant* Funk and Von 
SdiirichJ- Your Honor, you may he assured thru w? Defense 
Cow^l do not like to take up the tune of tha Tribunal for 
5uch discussions which *e ourselves would rather avoid, But the 
queitlnn ju*t raised by a colleague- of mine is really very unpleasant 
for ua Defense Counsel and makes our work extremely difficult 

for u*. 

You see, _jt does not htflp us if agreements **■>■ made at remi- 
lalians are m.nc.1 and Ln aelual p ractice it Is entirely dtflgrEfll 

Lmst fii cht , Tor i-aarrple, We receded a big volume of doc u- 
ments all Qf'^hLCh were in English Mtftf, in the ^enlnfi in the 
pTn^nt Wt > are supposed to spend hau n. diKusaiuj wUtT_Din' 
cTTiTn^ th^^^Its onnFl^^edLTiB?. a task ^nLcnhas now been 
^n^er ^rTaUll more diffii-ult by the installa tion al wire screens 

in lh ~."-"--^ .nnm rn addition we are aL*a ream red to 

ta*k over whole volumes of documents written in English, and that 



k practii-alLyl^OQWbte- Time and aga in inw mrumems ^ ^ 
re^ivud until lb* Ti^mnfl, before the Ja v g thtf proceed mRs; a.'d 
~ not p"^ble. cviT, jjj 55 SB k n0W5 Encl>;ih weli ' |Q m4 ~ 
lbe necessary preparation. 



IMT V 2V 



-25.1- 



I ;m« 



The ume thing is true of the individual trial brisk; and I do 
no: knoW whether the actual trial briefs, audi a* we neceivc lor 
fc&di defendant, have also been submitted to the Tribunal. 

THE PRESIDENT: Nearly every document which has been 
referred to in this branch of the case, which has been presented by 
Mr. ALbrecht an J by Sir David Maxwell-Fyfe. are documents which 
have been referred to previously til the Trial and which must 
have been before the defendants counsel (or many day»— for 
weeks— and therefore there can be no lack of famlLiarity with those 
documents; The documents which have been referred to, which 
are fresh documents, arr very few indeed and the pa^sajjee In Lhem 
which are now being put in evidence are alt read over the 
microphone and, therefore, are heard by defendants counsel in 
German and can. be studied by German counset tomorrow morning 
in the transcript of the shorthand notes, and I dn not tee, therefore, 
what hardship is being imposed upon German counsel by the 
method Which is being adopted. 

YOU ice, the Counsel for the Prosecution, _£"}. of eouriwv to 
Coun3t.'S JriT the Defense, have been a'v'ng thr-m th tnr trial briefs 
hi EneiiEh beforehand But tb^rc la "rm strict ebll natio n to do 
lh;il t and insofar as the actual evidenre is concerned, ail of which 
5~contamed fn documents, u I have already pointed out to you, 
the vast majority of those documents have already been out in 
many days ago and have been in the hands- oil German counsel ever 
5ince t in thtf German language— and also the documents which are 
noiy put in 

Oft. SAUTES: No r this Is not true, Tour Honor. This is tho 
complaint Which we ot the Detense Counsel, hecaUit we dislike to 
approach the Tribunal with such complaints, have been diacu^junsj 
among ourselves — the complaint that wc do not receive German 
documents You may be assured, Mr President that if things were 
as you believe, none of us would complain but we would all be 
very grnteful; bul in reality ft is different. 

THE PRESIDENT: But Dr, Sauter, tartly when you have a 



reference to a German document, that German, document is avail- 
able to you in the Information Center^ and ha thiase document* 
have been put in evidence, inme of them as long ago as the- 20 tb 
of November or shortly thereafter, surely there mu.ii have been 
adequate time for defendant* 1 counsel to study them. 

DliSAUTEB: Suppose, for Instance, I receive this morning a 
volume on Funb. t knoYV, for Instance, when Funk/a cast comes 
on— perhips tomorrow. It is quite impQNsible For trie- to study thi s 
volume Of English documents upon my return from the prison at 
ID o'clock , the evening Til.it simply ove rUs *s the physica l 



IHT V 13 



-254^ 



I J*n.- 



atrenirth of a Defense Counsel I. could go through it if It were 
in German, but even &o, it is Im'LVSjihii- for mc after finishing my 
yjjit t[i the pr:JiOin at g or in n'clnck In the pvejiinjfl to go throug h 
audi a volume We absolutely cannot do i t- "~~ 

THE PRESIDENT- Yuu set?, Dr. Hauler, it \$ not mi though you 
had to cross-examine witnesses immediately atter the evidence 
Li Hlven. The documents are put in. and it Ls nut far ypu then to 
get up and argue upon the interpretation of those documents You 
have, f regret lu say, a considerable time before you will have 
to gut up umj call your own evidence and ultimately to argue, 
upon the. document* which are now being put in Therefore, it is 
not a question of hours, it Is a qucjilon of days and weeks before 
you will have to deal with these documents' which arc now being 
put In. And 1 really do not see that there is any hardship upon 
defendants' counsel Jn the system which, la being adopted. 

And you will not forget that the rule, which, in a sense, penalizes 
She Prosecution ^ that every document which is put in evidence 
and every part of the document which is put in evidence, has 
to be read in open court, in order that it should be translated over 
the earphones and then aha 11 set into the shorthand notes, I am 
told that the shorthand notea are not available in German the next 
morning hut are available only SomL* days afterwards, But they 
art ultimately available in German. And therefore every defend- 
ant's counsel must have a complete copy of the shorthand notes, 
at any rale up to the recess, and that contains all the evidence 



gcvcn against the defendants, and it contain* it in German. 

DR. SAtTTERr Yes, Mr, President, what we are most anxious 
to have done and, What we huv\y been asking for many weelu is 
that the documents, or at Iebm 1hdai? parts of the dmnim^nl whic h 
cume into question, alirjuld ho given to m in German trnns5ation . 
It in Very difficult for _U'5, f-rm j[ wt know English, to transiate 
Tlie documents in the limb' winch ia at our {haptoifla It is pract i- 
cally Impiijajtili- fW anyqL* Lis In do this" [l j& for I his reason 
that we regre: that our wish tu gut the docmnrnts in German La 
net buinK taken into consideration. Wc are conscious of the dif- 
ficulties and we art very grateful for any assistance given: We 
assure you we are very sorry to have to make such requesti, hut 
the condition! art> really very clifnryjt for US. The last word 1 
w:sh (q say Is that the condl tlona arc really very difficult For us. 

THE PRESIDENT Dr. Sauter. I am must anxious and the other 
mem ben of the Tribunal are most ansnnjs that every reasonable 
facility should he afforded to the defendants anil their counsel- 
But, us I have pointed out to you, it is not necessary for you, for 
any oi you, at the present moment, to- get up and argue upon -these 
document! which are now being: put in By the time that you have 



IMT V 34 



-255- 

Defense attorneys wcie given dominion ts when it was 
weeks too lain in be nnv goad to them . . 



ijp-« 

to set up and argue upon the documents which are now being put 
ui, you mil have had ample lime in which to eowider them tn 
German. 

DR. SALTER: Thank you. Sin 

HERR CEORG EG EMM (Counsel for the SA1: I have repeatedly 
SFikod to receive copies of everything presented in English- The 
accusation against the 5A was presented on the 19th or 10th of 
Dccemh&r, and at the same time a document book was presented 
Today I received a few photostats, but 1 hav«r m at rec^t-d thf 
creator part of 1 ihc photc-stn^ "ur fliher pe rtinent translations This 
JESS thai wv da not rcfcive the German tnmalatiofts Immedaalely 
after the presentation. Nor are we ever able to read the transcript 
of the proceeding on the neit day or on the day after that The 
mln'iles n[ the session . . 

»i»h nni^ritiPVlT. T1J~ _ *._ «il» Jnillni with tht- HA OT the 



t |-Lti f nr.3 iJ-Ti±^ *. . irt »ic u,i.P4 umiuij —■■— ■ — — -- 
or^jniitatiaRE at the present moment. II you have any motion la 
m >>kv, you will kindly make it bi writing and we will now proceed 
with thif part of the Trial with whi* we are dealing. 

JLEI1R BOEHM: Mr, President, will you permit me one mare 
rem.uk? The minutes r»f December 17 and 18. 1&45 I have received 
tutky, 

T[ȣ PRESIDENT; Do you mean the transcript of if 1 
III' 1 Rtl BOEtIM: ! received today the German transcript for the 
IJJLh timl 1UIH uf December L945, ¥ou see. it is not B fact that We 
rccvivtj the I r,in script the dny after or a few days cfteT the session 
t rc?ci-ivi-ri it wit^ IjU'J-. after I nuked for It repeatedly. I have 
nhkml IIk- aparoiirian? arficti, rnpnated lY to give mtf a BW of The 
iiimnnint book in G-".|.in. and I have stm not rtH!&ivml It. 
THE PRESIDENT; Weil, we will inquire Into that. One moment, 
{There LuflTD pause b* [hit pTDFeedmffi whJTr the Judtfe* conferred J 
THE PRESIDENT; Will the List counsel who wai ipcakiitg 
stand up? 

I am tnld thai the reason lor the delay in the cue yon have 
mentioned wat that there had been an error in the paging and 
therefore the transcript* of thnse shorthand nolci had to be recopied. 
t understand lhat the delay ordinarily la not anything like so Long 
as tha 1 , delay. 

tFERR HOEHM: But I hardly believe that in the caae of the 
irnn^ljuoEi of the document but* the delay a due to those reasons. 
Qui even it the delay Ln ihia particular case should be justified. 
R means that weejc utter wrak 1 am hampered in rnv defense 
I du not know the day bt'fow what' I* going to be P rc**-nled, _and 



IHT V 25 



-35S* 



Delanse attorneys had nn way of knowing what was area in 
the documcnl book, what tinri of liinl" is this? 



* J*J1 M 



Jt do nijt knim tinLi.l w^k,< afterwards what hus .beta presto U^ d 
T urn therefore not in a position to study the evidence IVom the 
Standpoint of a Defense Counsel. I do not even knn^ wh.it i? con- 
tained in the documenL book- am thus obvioiisiv handicapped 
in mv dcEer*..:.* in every way . The Pra^jillj^Vttetjgj. *yi vin-i - ?\\._r 
it will furnish IKi.- J tn:um«-:i 1-: *m\ iimt. This w- appamUly not 
the case- 



lilt fttt&JJJiLn r: reringpa vou win Kmgjv marce „ypux com - 
plaint in wi-ltine ynd give th L - particulars at it Do you understand 

that? 

HERR 80EHM Yes. 

THE PRESIDENT: Very veil. 

MR. ROBERTS May it please the Tribunal, it is my duty to 
present Lho evidence Against Keitel and als<» against the Defendant 
Jndl and r would ask the Tribunal for permission, if it \s thought 
right, that those two cases ihoultl be presented together in. the 
interest Ui saving time, a matter Which I know We all have at 
heart. 

The Btnry wilh regard to Keitel and Jadl TW1S on parallel hues 
For the years in queillun they marched down Ihc same road to- 
gether. Most of the diKUme tiu affect them both, and in those circum- 
stances, I submit, Lt might result In a substantial saving of time 
II I were permitted to present the cases against both of them 
together. 

THE PRESIDENT; Yes 

MR. ROBERTS: Then 1 shall prnceed, if I may, on that basis. 

My Lords, ma? I say that I fully recognise that the activities 
o( both these defendants have been referred to in detail many 
times and quite recently by Colonel Telford TayIor H and my 
earnest desire ti to avoid repetition a* far a* I possibly can. And 
may 1 say I welcome any suggestion!, as I travel the road, which 
the Tribunal have to make, to make my presentation stilt shorter- 
There is a Bubstarrtia't document bonk. Document Book Number?, 
which is a Inmc document book dealing with, both thu d elendajils. 
Practically all the documents In that book have already b«n referred 
to. Th&y nearly all, of course, have a German origin. I propose 
to read passages from only nine new documents and those- nine 
documents. L think, are shown in Your LordsHip'5 bundle and in 
the bundles of your colleagues. 

May I commence by referring* as shortly as may be, to the part 
of the Indictment which deals with the two defendant*. That wilt 
be found pn Page 1J (Volume I, Page T?) of the English trans- 
lation. It btiglna with "Keitel" in the middle of the page, and it 

1MT V » 



-257- 

Tha "triH and cornet capi«" atari sot 
tht simi i? Ihfl original j . . . 



COL. STOREY r t beg your pardon. Sir? 

THE PRESIDENT: Are you lure thai they were executed. th* 
136MXKF — because there is no coffin (here, 

COL. STOREY: No, Sixths bottom statement— here are The 
total* Iram the documents, 

THE PRESIDENT: These photostatic copies arc different from 

what you have got there In the area which is marked 136.421 

ihrre is no cofTui. 
~" ii 

COL STOREYr Well, T am tarry. The one thai I have is n 

true and correct copy of iheirs 

THE PRESIDENT Mine has not got j» and Mr Biddies hag 
not BQt it ~ 



COL. STOREY fTurnrng to 011 o'fLrtcnl./ Will you hand, this 
to the President, please* 

THE PRESIDENT; I suppose- the document itself wit! shew it. 

COL. STOREYr I will turn \n the original and verity it Let 
me have the original,. pltaSe Apparently there is b typographical 
error. If Your Huncw pJeaiws, here It Is: 138.421. with the eofrin. 

THE PRESmENT: Mr. Parker point* but it is In the document 

itself, too. 

COL, STOREY: Yes, Sir, it ii In the document iisetf There 

b an error on that- 

The 123,000 at the bottom shows at that Time there were 128.000 
on hand, and the literal translation of the statement, as 1 under- 
stand, means, "atill on hand in the Minsk area " 

1 next refer to Document 1104-PS, Volume 2, Exhibit USA-163. 
which 1 now offer in evidence. 

THE PRESIDENT: Colonel Storey, dui you tell us what the 
document was -1 There is nothing on the trnn±LatiQn, is ihtrc to 
show what the document ls. 

COL. STOREY: If Your Honor pleases. It la a report of the 
spwInl-purpQ&i? Group A. a tap-secret report— or the Eirm.Lt group 
in other words— making ■ record of their activities in these areas, 
and this chart was attached showing the areas covered. 

THE PRESIDENT: Special group ol the Gestapo? 

COL STOREY: The special group that was organized ot the 
Gestapo and the SD m that area. In other wonts, a Commando 
aroup. 

As I mentioned. Your Honor, they organised these special 
Commando groups to work In and behind the armies ai they 
consolidated their gains in occupied territories, and Your Honor 



IMT IV 



Tha proMcutOis did nal know which dacumuni 
wis original and which was the copy . . 



tl M*V »* 



RAETJEFi; Yes, I forgot the most important point due Id the fact 
that there whs a rather lively controversy. The Important point 
is thai the spotting of vessels at flea by aircraft w'aj, something 
quite new and hart been developed very efficiently. That develop- 
ment continued vei~y raptdly during the war, until fiubmsutiw could 
very quickly be located and pursued. 

GH SIEGERS Regarding IM141* which I* Hie affidavil from 
Dielnmnn-, "may 1, with Kbf Tnbonal't permission,, make a formal 
application? In this affidavit. the™ is the JollnwuiR srntence- 

""It is Jny personal opinion I hat lln-e- higher authorities of lh* 

Navy In Kiel and nthe/ places In GErmany hod knowledge of 

these dreadful Ihings" 

THE PRESIDENT: It bm'1 "had knowledge" but "mu?i hevs had 
knr-wlEdgc. ,h It item* to me it 1* In ihe translation -muni havu 
had knowledge-*" 

DR.. SIEMERS: Yen. I have not got Ihe German and I do na\ 
kimw how the original is Worded. 1 onJy have the English trans- 
lallnn ll li not quite clear to mi- hOU> (h< Carman version w#i 
worded. Mny J ask the Tribunal - 

THE PRESIDENT- Ls. the document put in in the origin a J Ger- 
man gt is 11 put In In the English"' Tbr deposition is in German 
presumably. 

DR. S1EMERS. I presume that priflinaRy the jstatcmont wat in 
German. Thi: copy T [5jv5 sicfE-s lhal thift Ld a truncation and itiat 
ts English, but I have not eeLin the German, nriglnal. 

SIR DAVID MAXWEUUTYFEl My L-ord. there must have beta 
a German copy Jar Hie witness yesterday. I don 'I know whether 
or not ft la thi original, t didn"t see it but I *wum* it was. 

THE PRESIDENT Jt isn't the ease that the dupo^ltion wp madu 
Ln German, then t ni Cisl^l uil into Eriflltsh. tmd Iheii IrapaiaTud tijeji. 
into German vria it? 

SIR DAVID MAXWELL-FYFE My Loitl. that Is why 1 assmrnj' 
it was the- enema] . 1 am sorry thli was done" J haven't got thp 
original dueunient in frent of me but I assume that wa> so. J will 
find Put In a rn.am.unl for you 

THE PRESIDENT Yea What is the point, Dr Sitmers? 

DR. E1EMERS: I believe That this sentence should be struck from 
iht document. It do** not record a fact, 

THE PRESIDENT You mean you are ask me to have it struck 
out or - - 

DR ElEMERS: Yes. 

THE PRESIDENT: Whal do you aay, Sir David? 



IHT XIV a.i« 

Seft alfio IHT III - 426 



Pags iiumlints wof& incorrectly ir undated 



it J*n ft 

On Pace* 12°- J 2 ■ &* "Trihuna! wi]] find the bst of the prisoner* 
who :)iui disappeared 

On Ya$? 353 iVictc is ■ wnfirrnn s ion o* iru* testimony by W 
Snwche. prisoner,.' repn^ntiiliv* at KotiunanilL. fi24. who a'rite.q: 
rcnairi war "pnicinrT-J convert td iMoW&r^Ff* an rf Fre-nch 

Civilian work its had oritaniitd in Calojjhi: 9 Gal hoi it AcUpn 

group touts* Ok- di ten ion of th* rr-ciisfnfiHd war-prisoner 

priests, Panmfr «nd Clrinn 

" r . fch? flrrrtli bcfiHn *v]1h m<?n>fo*T* of thi: Catholic ActiarT— 
anil the ari ; usation& were— "anil -German niancuvens . 
THE PRESIDE ST. I 6v ntrl kngw vnei Dr St flhTner' n objecliPTi n~ 
DR OTTO STAtlilEH EOMU'Sb] for Defemtanl Goring We stl 
not in a jftfttftm l.o follow IfiE cxpO^ Qf tfcf Frfnth P*i>H?CtJlor 
Fil-il cf all, Uhif tfiUl^minn l* not vfn- fli-ad Scmr sentence* are 
L-!l nui Ei.ti'.rj-illy. ivrr f r.ri Nii'iib^n aif mi-Mif-OPE : Ffrf instance, 
■ ■1" na- btfii monr.nr.L-d 1 Iuvp M h'-U' 1L \h cirAc a different 
rj.i.; unr irfil We hatx- nui lliu documi'lil books 5hd IriErtfimrt we eiM* - 
riM UW Iru- p«e.e L'il:.-:rjr,T. Al.no my cuKi-oEues FDii inloiTi ihal 
lh^v an- nal i rv a "rtf"iii",^i 'i~ Jo IK-" !>Te" ^rmTL-ffd liiCL iuichi 1_hi> 

THE PRESIDENT May I JEM your document 
fThr tfftpihvicfei u'ojt hnndfd te» <fie Pr*aidpn: ^ 
DH STAMPER-. Thus number was just mentioned. *fc can be 
canfLrmecl by the other gEntecmun. 

THE PRESIDENT T>- Jli.icuir.imi which Bfl Dtibnst was rcadiiu; 
ix jj fi"2 The tJocurnrrit von have eoT there lS a, ,d.. 11* rent number 

DR STAHMER- Bui this waa die number that came through t« 
us, CIS, and nut m\y I. bill thr otlu'r ccntlcmen heard the »me 
numliur. And not onJy this number, faul all Ine number have- bocr a 
Uivun irv.wrifn y 

"~ Ari.'Uu-r difficulty lir Ihrjl w^ have n-ot Lht doc ument book F*EC 
IIB^IT hppn rckriL'd (o. bul ihi' NUT fsbpr uf 1 JJ r tn1lf r dtM -' & nQl 
near anyThLrty 10 u-b, Wr cannot ff>t]nW at this lalf 

-TT.T17 MBumTVT' m 11nitM«t T Uimk ihe lrDTjble reaHv arJ$TJ 



•i i * i :■* I ;*1 



h ■-• J_ra 1 m | J -1 ■ • 



J ram 1 ht- fact t Eia L v nu Eiu' Lht numbe] ? lo^ fnat ^nd lhg ^umbeiS.. 
arc very often wranElj ULOiSlftti-ll, nol_gn^ ^ntr> C reman. bu[ some - 
rTnuv- mu> EntiUsb ii u very difficult fur ihe mlcr-pri'tcn to (nek 
up nil lh«e number t Firjtf ot all, you ar* giving the n timber of 
the document, then lf» nuffitttef of Uie exhibit, ihwn Ite p*ge of IN 
dneumenl book— and thai me»nj ihat the inlcrpretcrB have got ie» 
translate many number:, spoken very quickly 



tWT VI 813 



-260- 

ot cmine. it wis ill in differ ant languages so the pegs* 
cnuld nal be ihfl sums anyway, Endless confusion. 



■L Jin. m 

11 I* essential th»L the deftmdanls should be able To follow the 
document, and as I understand it, they have not got (tic document 
books ill the Same shape we have. It i* the only way we can tot- 

low. But we have them now in this particular document bouk by 
page, ami therefore It is absolutely essential that you go slowly, 

M. DUBOST: Mr Pxvitdcnt, the document books, ill the docu- 
ments, have bevn handed to the Defense. 

THE PRESIDENT; Are you telling ug that document books have 
been banded to the. Defense in the lame shape they are handed tg 
us, let us «y, with pages on them? Speaking for mysell, that Is 
the only way I am uhle to follow the document Ynu menlionad 
Page 113 and that does show me where the document li. If I have 
not got that page, I should nul be able to find the document. 

M. DUBOST: Mr. President. I announced at the simr-tlme RF-3B0, 
which is the number of the cxhibil. F-ST2 is the classification num- 
ber. AIL our document* bear a class! fieatlon number It wan rnn ocia- 
sibk- to hand to thE Defense 4 document no ok pa ginated like the- 

^ — I I I H I ■ IBM ll < 

oje_Lhf Tribunal hat, fur it \-. nfih g'jbrrittted In the tame laneLogo 
Tt is submi'.t^d In 'Germ-tri J3ii| tliy ps^i's are not in the iiWc place . 
There ii nut an absolute identity of pagination between [be Carman 
document book and yours. 

THE PRESIDENT: I »m telling you the difficulties under wfijfa 
the defend ants' counsel are working, and if we had simply a num- 
ber a{ documents without the pagination we should be under a 
almllar difficulty. And U is a very great difficulty. Therefore you 
must go very slowly in giving the identification of the documeni 

M DUBOST: T shall conform In the wishes of the Tribunal, Mr. 



i-rL'iincni. 



THE PRESIDENT: Dr. Stahmer, the document being rearl ™ j ss 

Document F-673. 

DR. STAHMER^ Wir cannot find pncumunt B73 . W i- hpvi' 673. 

I 1 ° 1 ■M^^^^M Mill I l<¥ fr ^ 

W.j ?iave nothing but Iflias-L 1 sh-juLsr, anil wa have Ig hunt tHrT.Jtjh 

nul yet found Ntimfer fill arming uyjf document J It t=, '- l- l v ihlfl - 
cult fur us to follow a cttn^-n-n^ because I' Mlces i^ so mm^i lime- to 
llfld the numiitra even, it. Ihay havie frei *n menmnnr-d efjrjfzHv 

THE PaESIGKNT: I can understand iht difficulty Wil] you 
ConlinuEi, M. Dubost, and do as [ 5A>", Jgo'nK Very slowly :sfi us Hi 
give Ihu driendanta' counsel, as far as possible, the opportunity to 
find Ihe document. And I ihuik that you ought to do burnetii ing 
satisfactory, if possible, to rnpkp it pouible for ihrm lo find ihit 
documtn.l-*^-by pagination or some other Letters. An Index, for 
instance, giving Ihe order in which the documents are act Out. 



IMT VI 374 



MADE IN RUSSIA - THE HOLOCO$T 

Return to MADE IN RUSSIA THE HOLOCO$T PART THREE 
Return to CONTENTS PAGE 



The Website of Carlos Whitlock 

Porter 



-25 L- 
£ndl»5 confusion ovtt documents 



ttJMT.lt 



THE PRESIDENT; How <to yon show that this Addition Num- 
ber £ to the report on captivity if equalJy *n oifleial document with 
thla one? 1 That la what we want to know. 

M. OUBOST Mr President, U is * report which was submitted 
ki the nan* of the Government of the French Republic by the dele- 
gation which I hive the honor to represent 

THE PRESIDENT: Well, you free, thia one here is headed "Serv- 
ice of Information of War Crimes. Oldest French Edition." Now, 
that seems to u* to be dlHerent -from this mere typewritten copy, 
which has nn it the " Appimdue (dumber 3 to the Report on the 
Captivity." We do not Itnow whose report en the captivity. 

M r DUIrlOSTr Mr. FreiidiinL, you have before you the official 
note erf transmission from our (pvemment. The clerk ol the Court 
hu just handed it to you. 

THE PRESIDENT: We have this document, which appear* to.be 
an official document , but trip addition luu no such seal uddu it as 
thia has . 

M. DUBOST: There is mention o( an appendix to this document 

THE PRESIDEPJT- The other is marlsud: Append!*. It muat be 
identified by a seal. 

M. OUBOST: The covering letter ha* a leal and the fa ct that It 
alludre to the document b auMclem. m my opinion, to au thenticate 
the document traajSujed M^i' f continue 11 

THE PRESIDENT. No. Thii document here Iih a letter attached 
to jL This document here Is not relerred to In trm t letter ipeclfl- 
tally ■ Therefore, the re Lt p.n-Ltiln fi tfl connect the two document! 
together , 

M. DLTBOSTr I think there to a manuscript n ote In the margin. 
] have not the document berime me" here and c annot be oodUve 

THE PRESIDENT: The Tribunal vrt^ea yoi* to put tha in ai one 
document. I see there Is ■ manuscript note here at the aide, In 
writing, which reiera to the Append.* U you will put tha whole 

thing in together,,. 



M. DUBQST: ll u all juorfjilicfl in cms nic. 

Now I wish to read to tho Tribunal extracts from two UsUert 
addressed to the German Armistice Comnuwlfln il Wiesbaden by 
the ra-Ambassador Sea pink, both dated 4 April 10*1- The Tribunal 
#111 And them reproduced in the docuJMnt book belore them, P*$m 
Ifl, IT, IB. 1». 10, 21, and 22 



IMT VI W 



„ , . and translations . 



■ lilt 41 

bur exactly wtiit the wttness nys and for thai reason T ha,ve 
unfortunately been compelled- to have an answer repealed from 
time \a tirae. 

M. DUEQST I ahiftild not like the Tribunal to tiiL-itAks this 
interpolation for an lntrtraptlon of th± cross-CKaminarton; but I 
think 1 muat uy that some contusion was undoubtedly created In 
the tnind of the Defense Counsel just naw in consequence 1 of an 
interprelor a error which hoa hern brought to my notice. 

He asked my witness an Insidious qu ration, namely, whether the 
French deportees were criminals for The most part, and. the question 
was Interpreted as. follows: whether the French deportees were: 
cri ml nils, Tjle_ Witness answered the question, fl> translated __intQ 
Frericfr and .^JoF as aak*?d In German I the rehire rrgii est ttiaT'ln"£ 
question be put onto morc"By"TEe~"D&lDnse Counsel and correctly 
f nmilaled 

THE PRESIDENT Do you understand what Mr- Dubojit said. 

Dr. Babel? 

BERH BABELr I think I understand the substance. I think I 
Understand that then? was a mistake in Iho translation F am "not 
in a position to JiJdijc. I cannot IdUd-v batli ihc F.-cridi ^ S aCerrpan 
test . 

THE PRESIDENT: 1 think the best course is to continue your 
crojs-exatnEqatiion, ST yau huve any more questions to ask. and 
Mr. Ehibost can clear Up the dilfteulty In rc-erarnjnRtion. 

HERH BABEL: Mr. President, the Defence Counsel for Kallen- 
brunner has already explained today that it is very rjjjfjcult fo r 



leagi one day before as to ibe subjects on whkh Ihc witness la to 
by heard .~ The t«tknaiiy given by today's witnesses was so 
vjiumirious that it is impossible for me to tulluw it without prEviotu 
preparation and to prepare and conduct from brief note* the 
extensive cJVHS-examlxLalicna which am necessary 

To my knowlodjie; the President hu already informed Defemc 
Counsel lor the qr^a nidations that we shall have in opportunity 
of re-examining th* wilhMSei later or of calling them qui our own 
behatt 

THE PRESIDENT: I have aires dy aid whit t have to aay ™ 
behalf of the Tribunal on that point, but a? Conns*! fur the Defexue, 
imilt hive taiticipiitsd tha! witncHta would, be called aa. la the 
conditions fn the rtncJfnLraticm camps, I should have thought they 
could have prepared their eros-eximination during (he 40 or more 
days during which the Trial hu taken place. 

KERR BABEL: Mr. President, I do not think that thii la Ih* 
proper time lor me lo argue the matter with the Tribunal, but I 



IMT VI Ml 



-263- 
tet Objection! were CDinidcrori "impiapef 



July 



with the A»m»irj document. As ingeeirted ^ ^* Tribunal 1 have 
brought Uie other errun & fruition U> th£ n«l' c e "* $* G^jcral 
Secretary only. 

THE PRESIDENT If there are any er rors In translation, thai 

mailer can be taken uc through the nigral Bwrclann with the 
TritrrjJaljun Dtvinkm. 

Dr. Siemens i1 is. very improper for roun^ l in your pmitmri '^ 
make 4ita<pmcTit3 of Him i'Tl ffrr *+udi you havu mi Ptm4 *1 att- 
Ymi knew pcrferlly Well thpl when Ihnre have been any allcyc-d 
ijustranslfitmnD, the matter has aiways been fpferrctl thrnufih the 
Cenci-al ScvrvUry tr> ihc Traiiilai j nri Division and in en they have 
b™n eorreded; and Tor vnu to cot up a t tins stage f.f in*' Trial nmi 
aH vth4it the ^ -j p^TBanw m"i1 f il M^ ■ "-'"■- wJthuut my m-tnlnf iLal 

jp pptv upiyn wur u-Ati wnrd. la fr ™d 5 1 lm^r^pcr thing lor 
fimnal to do, and tr.at il ihf vim - "' |h* '^il'i>nff J 

DR, SIEMERS: Mr- PrEsidcM, 1 beg lo »pnlGgljir H but I think 1 



. il T ■..bb. b-ii-iI -n-i nidi Tin 



probably did net erpresa mysen corrocny- j. *m ""* u <»»jp<« — 
accusation, but wilh so many documents il fi not Burpi-ising that 
these error* did occur. 1 myself rusk* mistakes. 1 am sorry if my 
remarks should ha ye been misuodeffftood 

THE PRESIDENT: Everybody makes, mistakes, and everybody 
h capable of having different opinion* u to trans latino^, but you 
and every other member of the defendants' counsel know that those 
mistaken, [f they ore mistakea,. will be corrected, il it Lb poasfble, 
and Ihry know the Way that It fflkn be done, Kid. therefore, 65 I said 
before, n a very improper for you to gel up aryj p^Jg-g^ tftit th 61 ^ 
are ji tot oJ mifiifattBiancnV 1 do not want to bear anything, mure 
About it, 

The Tribunal will adjoum- 

;j| receu mii taJten-J 

THE PRESIDENT 1 Dr Nelle, have you any documents that you 
wish to after In evidence 1 ? 

DR, KELTE: Wr. Prciidimt, with a letter dated 1 July W6, I put 
in three affidavits, after having submitted them previously to the 
Prosecution. Those ttffttt dommentiwill become Documents Keitel-23, 
JWld-34, and K tilt 1-25, I tw£ the Tribunal to receive them, since 
the ProflCL-ulion, u Sir David hue told me, does not object to their 
being efferent In evidence 

THE PRESIDENT 1 And they are at present being Iron*] ■ Ltd, nt 
havtf they been translated? 

DR. NE3-TE. They are in the process of being translated, I have 
merely submitted the originals io the Tribunal. 



IMT XVII til 



-2fi4- 
Hn* can such ■ "trial" be said to have "prawn" anything? 



dimbed on top of the pile of bodies. Shots were heard. 1 was 
■lightly Injured on the head and fell, 7 ' 

I omit the next part of the quotation which described hnw this 
woman saved herself. 1 <|uotft the last paragraph. 

"The; legal -medical experts discovered that there' were bullet 
wtmrwl* in ihp rirtks of these bodies, In the barn and on the 



stacks of log* the German* shot and burned o\50Qi persons-" 
I unit the next three pages of the text and nasi submit to the 

Tribunal the proofs of the orgardxstion cf the German faaddt 

Invader* . . . 

THE PRESIDENT: The translation, came, ttirouflh tq us that 
P3 people were killed. The translation in writing is 6,500 . 

MR COUNSELLOR SMtRNOV; The ■ tranidotlon ia writing jji 
abso lutely correct. Mr president For'the' confirmation of thin, on e 
could turn to the original document — the report of thp Extra - 
ordinary Statu ComrnLSfllcfl of Ihg jircinet Union This ^^ a grass 
error on the part of the iriTerprcXerp. Tbcy diminish tid the numbe r 
or those shut morL' than lQ,QuO times 



So I cm Lt the following three pages of the statement and will 
present evidence of the existence of special places of mass exe- 
cutions where the number of victims was numbered by hundreds 
of thousanda of persons and where the doomed were brought; In not 
only from the surrounding regions but from many count nes of 
Europe. 

By means of brief excerpts I submit to the Tribunal proof of thv 
existence of two such centers, which were among the most famous 
They are the center of masa Executions of Panary, 9 kilometers from 
VILm. and Foil Number S r the. "Port of Death" In Kaunas, which 
has acquired a particularly grim reputation. 

t quote a report which has been submitted to the Tribun.il r tin- 
report of the Extraordinary Slate Commission, nn the atrociLtc-* r. r 
the Hitlerite invaders m LUhuam a- The Tnbuoai will find thi-. 
quauUon on Fsge SB?] seoood column of the text, last parajjninh 
For the convenience of the Interpreters I Inform you that 1 H" 
quoting from Page 22 B. I omit the first three paragraphs! which 
state that the mass execution place at Panary was organized in July 
IM1 and existed until June 19+4. I continue the quotation slartlnK 
with lhe fourth paraffrnph where Et Is related bow the ^tiefttCH 
attempted to cover up the traces of their crimes In thi* pU^u of 
mass executions. I quote: 

-In December IMS"— stated witness Saydel Malvey Fedoro- 
vlch — " we were forced to exhume nod burn the corpse s. •■ 
I omit the next sentence and continue the quotation; 



Documents were introduced into evidence which 
were known to be iaise . . . 



« 

responsible, That would tend to awaken the anb"- Jewish 
sen ti meat. ' ' — Signed— "A Rosenberg ' ' 

JDt Thorn j approached the lectern..! 

THE PRESIDENT: May I uk you to ipeak slowly so that your 
application will come to me through the earphones correctly. 

Dfl. THOMA: Since the Prosecutor b now dealing with the ease 
against my client, Rosenberg, may 1 be permitted In voice »n ejec- 
tion Id Document 212-PS, EshLbU Number USA-2?fi, The Prose- 
cutor claims that this document was a directive issued by the 
Minister for the East. It begins with the words... 

THE PRESIDENT: None of that has come through on the ear- 

phones. I don' I understand you You had better begin again, 

DE, THOMA: The Prosecutor presented earlier today Document 
Number 213-FS, Exhibit Number USA-272, claiming that its content 
waa a directive issued by lbs Minister for the East on the treatment 
of Jews In this document he 1* said to have given instructions that 
vmhitiann of German regulations by Jews, especially violations of 
the compulsory labor lawa, could only ba punished by death. This 
document does not originate with the Defendant Rosenberg- nor did 
It by mistake . . . 

THE PRESIDENT: More slowly, pkape, 

DR. THOMA: This document does not originate with the Defend- 
ant Rosenberg. It bears oqithcr a date nor an address^nor his 
^n fl U i re. L therefore, objeci to the nsserlioiT tha! this documen!- 
originated with the Defendant Rosenberg. 

THE PRESIDENT: TV alt a minute. I don't think that Counsel 
tor the Prosecution said that, that Document 212 -PS emanated from 
Rosenberg. 1 didn't id understand him. 

DTt THOMA- I understood him to say that it was a directive 
Issued by the Minister for the East' and if I am not mistaken, he 
also said It was dated April 1W1 At that time i here waj nt> 
Ministry for the Eas t- Rosenberg was only named Minister for lht= 
East in July lS^l. 

THE PRESIDENT: I win ask the Cnunsel lor the Prosecution 

MAJOR WALSH: It la my understanding, Sit, that that docu- 
ment. 3U-FS, was taken Irom the cnplured Hies «t Rosenberg 

DR. THOMA i That is true,. It was found among the papers of the 
Defendant Rosenberg, the Defendant Rosenberg claims, however, 
that he has never seen this documen t, that he knows nothing about 
it, and that it has never passed through his hands, 

THE PRESIDENT 1 Rosenberg, when h* Is called as a witness 
or when you appear to Apeak for hlm f will be able to say that he 



IMT III 



-:e*- 



S pJali id 

VOU NEuRATH. As tor the first report which I prepared, 1 haw 
nl ready Hated thai accnrdinf to my recp] Ice H ion it was mudl shorter 
than tht wit iubnuUud here in photostatic copy, Furthermore^ this 
nhotDsiaUc cnciy docs iiqI bear my signatu re- not c% , cn my initials 
But it jk nut of Ih-p qu4"sli{in th&t the final enpy fia this report, which 
VtM, enclosed at my of lice in the ldti.i to Lamm-era, Would not have 
been signed or at leasl initialed by mc: end the certificate of cot- 
redness, which., rrmarkshly enough, in contained in ihis nppoTt and 
which WaE prepared by an SS ObGnrturmbajiniiihrcr, A ^£ii^i£Ji£J 
The phoL&stniic copy which Is Mid lo how been enclosed in the 
ItitET to Lammer? does jiot even, bear my initials The mfurt nntice- 
able thine,, huwever, Qt the e?rhh>nu? tif correctness tin the phnto^ 
Bid lie copy. This tsn have A meaning only if the d^umpnl enelo&pd 
in Hie letler to LammtTJi in spite oj not bearing my ace nature, Was 
unclosed In the letter neverthu-lesii. Bui ilnee the final copy whith 
my office peni lp Slat* Secretary Frank's office with the letter let 
LammiTt was Certainly sipned by mt 1 , this certificate proves that it 
was nut tlte report signed by me which waa unci issco. in the letter 
sent tp Lamm^TB bui another one drafted by Frank or by officials 
111 hit olfLtc. Ai for Frank's own report, the text of the photoHtatic 
copy here, to my recollect inn, is not ide ntical With thy te xt pi the- 
report which 1 approved anij which I lhr/Jl wn1 en iHijjuHitfF with my 
report to Lammcrs . „ . 

THE FRESIDENTr Dr Von Lildin£hausen. we have heard Ihe 
explanation more than once, t think, that the enclosure which Waa 
in the letter wat nut the &a±ne as the one which he drew up It doea 
not get any mere convincing by golung told over apjsin 

DR VON LUDINGHAUEF.N: 1 only wanted in *3£pre ?5 it again. 
Elil if the Tribunal believes lhal that. tXplanati.iJi has been made 
previously, I may dirprniiE with it, 

VON NEURATH: Mr. President, may 1 be permitted to make 
another statement as to hnw 1 imagine — -of course, I can only 
Imagine — tftp*e things took place? 1 am firmly convinced that if 
the twp photostatic copiei iilbmittrd hire were actually Knclouod in 
the letter la Larnmer*, they were prepared in Frank'* office, and 
enclosed without my knowledge Another po&Eibilily would be, of 
cuurse, thai Czech , . . 

THE PRESIDENT' We ate Quite ut able to imagine possibilities 
Id you are. 

The fact ia that the letter waa limned, in hia name, was it notT 
The letter lUrlf wan ilcneri7 



DR. VDN LtlDINGHAUEEN; Yes, 

THE PRESIDENT. And h* refen expressly to the enclosure? 

DR, VDK LUDINGHAUSEN: Y*s. 

IMT XVII 370 



" German' documents were written by foreign m 



|l Uj'tsn M 

COHlNCi. Thi- date ip li* Morrti IFH5. Lt thai r!(jhl7 

SIR DAVID MAXWEU*-FYFIu: I »m fiiarelu] Id yem ] kntw It 
HAfi ju« aft^r to March, J have rid fldl it In my copy, but if you 
.Mi j it. 1 wjU UvIth' :M 

GORING: IMS 

SIR DAVID MAXWELL-FYFE: Yo*- 

/£ir Deufef Ms-TuitflM'yfr i^Lfn rodtf frum- ifcr (Jftcumcnf ciccrptj 
Tr'nth W*t» iPHhdrau'ti aid fl'rttfWn Jrflm rfcc TCTcn-if &n /fi /-InorjsT 

DR. 5TAHMER: J muirt abit>rt la flifl ue-u- of tttfH (Idcumrht. tinea 
1 Ciinjtol H-CCiCTI UTO lH.il il n jj^mlhu. 1 1 hnvp n»t y<Jl jlvji Iliu^pjTillPJ . 
jind the Joubli ' 65 l'j jL- jij-L.'in|r_ cpnuinf ari* Jul: If ill-. f;u1 'flVpl 
CttPrwaLGnji an: UJi":l wJYcM an hiuiit umtSUPl ID 1-Ue Carman 

GORING; J .was .Eg" 1 ft lo Tyim Ik 1 samp obif-i inn It is not an. 
« i [ fling] ax il~*nV> "■ iV 1 '■»!■■ ri ir,pv." and Umlu J'.: ttu fri Iciml 
iiigngltirv 1mj[ (inVr 1*U' U-jii ^niy.J^ttL-idj lL Rpi rni^T GjuU'ilcr" «1 
Ihc bpE'tQm 

DR. £T AHMET! ■ For iml-amc Iru' jfiprcjAlLm ''G^^Julk"^^^ '' 
U uufr-d. ThJa Ik an eXprn-ftsircn LVimpleEi/ly mm'Uiil anri unknowri in 
Ihc German jLincuaflPj _aTiii I cannot, l m n £ : 3 i'.- ir.irt an official dinu- 
men! ur!ij;inatiTiE frpiia a~tjjtuk i llcr u:n8H rt-n- t tii:r. am-h a wuj'd~ 

GORTMC 1 can draw your alltnlJOTL Lo yet another point flhowimi 

that this iis gyjdcrlHy no I an original dpcumcM J J thine hod been 
an increasi: in mi'Jl or fal mllrjiu, I ^-ould have heard agniethinfl 
bbuiil il TJnl * single word ul Ihe&c 1wo drrrumimta b knpwn to mo, 

11 dog* rial bnar u rubber rtflmp nlher, the wlil^v IbiilB is type- 
wriU<*nl in* 1 tiflimj; the a] jrriu t u J tT Tucrcfprc, I cannot necepl Ihilt 



SIR DAVID MAX'WELiL-FYFE: This 15 1 file eonj Whirti. In the 
betf Cf tity Itli&WfeJflf, wa^_aD!urd at UMf cifbre of the Gan 
Leader, II wa-» betd1 1o uii b_y the, British Army of the Rhine. J 
Stlfll! make inquiries obuUl II, but it mirpmla tCa Ih> a Hfc eofrfr and 
1 hmre put the original rinnurncnl wHIm Wtf hliVCJ, which M a file* 
copy,, to the witness-. 

THE PRESIDENT; Ur Slahmsr, 1 have the wiBinnl document in 
my hand* ndWV laflethtr with the eertlncaMr of a-fl officer of the 
British Army *totfn£ thai Ihe document whs delivered to htm in the 
(.hove ca parity. In ilur-- wrdirmrY course of of fir:* 1 bireine^ Hi the 
trlfilnal fcf * dojtmitnl hmnd in German recordd of files capture;! 
by military forcea umtn the command of ihe Supreme Cunimandfr 
Under tftrsr f 1 ream i,t an ccj It 1b tJ> ftacUv ih<* game tin:,] ti on 3S slj 
S he olriF] raptured doirnmcnls . The defence, of coiiTse, cun hrinK 

IMT IX 610 



-266- 
Anuther "Gorman" document forgad in Yugoslavia 



being put to ihi* defendant, or used for the purpose of crois- 
exirmnalicn of the defendant — and the original duL'Liinenl. 

Ii that clear to jau and lo Dr. Exncr? 

COU POKBOVSKV. H shall be done, My Lord. 

DR. E,XNEft: Mr. President, I think Lhal a diseusalen of LtUs docu- 
ment ought not to b* permitted at the moment There axe too 
many discrepancies in it- As it si Ends, it cannot be correct . Roman 
numeral IV, for in5tfin.ee, "ihe IV Maun fain Regiment, 1 ' Is referred 
to, Trial Roman numeral TV is tpjite wrong. Then it saya "the 
commander deliver* . . _" which is. not German , Then, on Lin* + 
there is mention 

THE PRESJLEMT: Dr. Emer, the Tribunal "Want to know what 
you ore talking ahsul . Are you talking about 470? 

DR. EXNER" Vgs 1 am merely trying to chow that ihle eaiuiM 
be a genuine document because it Is aol proper German at_a|l . 

For insane*, in Line 4 it say*, '" Armed Forces Operations Staff, 
Ob_H." The Armen Fqcce* Operation* Staff ia attached to the QKW, 
not to the ObJi. 

Then, there is no st(m»ture- tt ia signed -Kettel H on the first 



page- but he signs ha a Gencraloberst. whereas I im lold he WAS 
Already a Field Hi rati al ai that time. 

Furthermore, Ihis signature is pari of the quotation and it »y*, 
"The OKW supples the fo! lowing , , ." Then there in the quo- 
tation — and Kei Lei's signature Is a part of that— whereaa the docu- 
ment itself i* supposed to originate from the 4th Mountain 
Regiment, and there is no signature of the -tth Mountain Kegiment. 
I really do hot think Lhtre would he any aense in Hiking about 
the document unt i 1 the origjnn! has been eupph 1 ed. For instance, on 
Page 2 Of thr document there it the statement thai thia goes In 
the commanders of 6. 7. rt cerern. They are not commanders, these 
company commanders No German military person could have 
written this document 

THE PRESIDENT: Dr. E*ner, the Tribunal adhere ta thy dgcitiorj 
that this document may be used now All Lhc points which you are 
now raising and any other points which you may wish to raise 
upon the document will be open to you If you winh to move to 
have the cTD&s^cxaminaliun struck out at a later el age when the 
original had been produced, 

DR. EXNER: I understand. 

THE PRESIDENT; For the purpura of not wasting time, it U, 
the Tribunal think, more convenient to have the eross-e^amination 
now upon this document. We will leave It to you lo move hereafter 
to strike the whole cross-examination out. 



IHT XV S3> 



•im- 



'Jl AuJ. H 

Dr. Mengtv who statiKl thint Jewiih buainciies iri fEunovrr WL-rt 
protected, by 5 A dutarhmeni^ In return for which tru.- Awiih stu/u- 

ktepars biippliird 13 iu- mumburs uT I he SA wuh purdustj coupons 
I Affidavit Number General SA-I| Furthermore, wi> iuu irom thf 
collective affidavits lhal houses jruj hi,J:jiiiedS<^ ut Jewish dls-'.L.rpii 
in other cUita too were protected by SA numbers irum looting 
Frofli Ihe Les-Umuny ol the wllne^ J it Liner we aiet thill tlin aLUtudi: 
adopted by the Suprcmt SA L^jidtriihipi in ihif mutter coineidc-d 
wtth ilini uf Lhn? welt-kimwu Jewish profciiior Kuro. whe tfduptd' D 
hostile altitude toward EiatLrn li-wry Ttli^e man ifesl.it ions of 



IkualllUy to Rfettttif) Jewry are thm after oJTireli of the lint World 
War, whch Innumerable Jews WiHe to Germany from GflLlda, 

Th* pyenta on tbo occasion of 9 Nnvtuiiljer 1933 -ire aincng the 
must iehuuuly Incrimination point j chai'[j«l jgainat the SA. The 
allied rupnrt tsT lh-== l^dnr of the Kuipfu]* Bngnde plays *n 
import an L part In tins tiann.u-ulir.m. 11 aprrLMiii Mo] ii Lh£_ej^jjj_ajjj^jni » 
lUiu-Ed sin-jo uinlinu HiIl. a L I u u ei I [-ownl, -.hi JiUJn taa'mi ■il r-^P^J 
lnatit^LjnofITvTrTiiTi^n7Tri7i^^ ri-inni-d 

Hie wiinefrM , & l.itrkc aiiiJ Fusl, who in span Qf tirorls, by ihtf Secru- 
lary Central sxtiendtnfi over M period oE 1^0 Hill's) eould Tint he 
transferred to NClrnbei'g, alLhonyh the De,tu,nae hud Indicated the 
campi v/hsra ihcy ue& interned. 

THE PRESIDENT: Pr Huhm, ihal i& ail improper ubju-rvallori, 
or suggest iti-ii, fur you tu mukt 1 fclvury ellurl h-iu been mude by" Ihe 
Secretary General to obtain nil the wLtne^wi whedf iinmra tmtfe 
Lwjji jgiran, and Ih-ere is ni> evidence thjtfc these w Ltrvejaies were ltl 
iht.' camps Lhal you. are rcItTrtng lo 

Now yuU nlny tfO on. 

HERR BO KM, The following may U_- MJttl 111 detail— 1 am hero 
cumTTiL'nlin^ nn Document 172!-Pi> 

(1J ljLJJ*g_g"L£^gi»ifljijyiglL-°i Ah^,-SA_ll_hi4ii flL^yer JhjjJ>£gnad that 
In the ease of report an i Lui^.n i. ~TJiTiji' v^n^n^jT I • 

in substance; 

(2} The order of Iht leader of the Kiirpfflbt Group rL-aiiy. aocorfl' 
in B to the Prosecution, that is, this document: "By order at the 
Gruppenfuhre/." yanarrlejMTud^Lcvnj^eji^ 

" It il Ordered,'" tjf ^M^rou^^ners^Mf^^^ttsu^i^^^^E^! 11 
It sny, M By arder at ihe Gruppeplfuluci ™ 

(3} The cw^rr'ssion '"Jewiiih byjiaay^mjs' u'K 1 * ni»l eKOl ui ' itjt- 

min . Thiri flXpictiion "Jswiih SynagogueE" is. a [so Tarvvgr. 1u n tribal 

party communication! The term "Jewish" lit already LmpJied m the 

word "SynagoGue." ThBtenr^Ar^n^n^^hlaj^uJir^^ 

Hjiit of plum - If the itTSzTvirzrTTiutKimUc^^ncTT^^ 

T^^Tewa^ at tlLl* ^>Lnt It wflujd have spoken of ''Qkifnlrfn Cflfll- 

pQinoU " 



IMT XXII hb 



^270- 



lil AUI. 1U 



■ 



[4 J "Hjj.'LS and IlwLltuj ilTc Lu '■«_■ 4iwmji;il ' d tiNCiLLnuun. tVumiUNL'U t 
in Li in many m.JVM w^vn ^ Ln_|-fc th.j i -.no une, .liiU ^ m i i njjf_Nji_U^tJcr 

nJu3 HiH^iiivetiULdtmS^wenELTi Liu* umuiil: Ll 1 1 «li in Ml rjrdi-r 

ibi "Report on action taken m be made by H^U o'ckw.k 1,0 tlw; 
Unguddidirer ur Uwttl ufiiif," a Mys luiltiur In ibw jiktfed Lprukr. 

li-, IlUi jj^g doea iIjl ItUjui* fjJjlui j ^tyjiirt un ^lUijji tjdu ^iL-kljLu: 
m.iJL L.j LUi: Bi l^dr- wlmJi i:. hjh-svujj: '!■': i-Slji-i- ]f\\\ Ufjlv to H-*' 
j'hmiim ^!igTcaTTy' n ^K-julj \wn.- i^ d "i*J,l hy GfHr^rduhrv r 

JJ) it l^ umiilly imutyLAidir lh.it Hie Juaili-i af the Bt u:*di i did 
jluL juIe ua the c"r<U!t. tkjL La. ^ i vTHmjfaTu jitijitf I ljuIlts pf tl» : 
■^Liiril^iftcri »n bu iv^n ifuhnliv.-, Will unly "Hbl-tH ;:"■■»• 1 1: ■ • 
SLiniliir1i>iita> UL?f lmntttdiak-lv ^nd i!^e il.tm. lk^l mEMmaiiuir- 
Kijil-iIu] rupDrti »ucm U5 tliLs un ucimn IuIlihi nirvti- tjjciated m the SA 

(7) It says li i Hit 1 repurt, ". , . jinJ immucJLbiU'ly tn^on LQ >...iv 
out tinderi- ,h ThLs (uraiulj a illso Cumpli: Lilly ds/Vi4d bJ u-i utm b i L 1 1> ■ 
Tin- leader of the Brigade ri'poiia in Lite piLCfrftinU sciitunce that \» 
imm«rtlotL.-Ly iritiirLiit-i.1 In ft t»T uniLkr ki l,f Llh;rJSr Ll *-WJ U-lh JuUV 

in I ill r^-qart on action fakiM i, ihidt 11k- l-i ■■ t* ■ n u c^l uE ih.Ly jjcjUjt 
T^di^iniiuei *Ul: '■■•■lI^i. 

In she uxiiirLLMlLLttll "f Ulu wHiLVJs-iLittjLLjr iSil- PriiivCUliiiri eri'iiv-ky- 
urcd to ek-ar the ducurmjlit by flLLuU'njJ Slw1 the tLimps i>li T^e 
iQlttttf Itilltr (ITil-PSi) and ljei the rttpaift l)1 the Gjfokp ilTilPS) 
vy4.il'! 1 ! Id untie jL 'fliL'Je two dtic umei Hi; Wi'j't- iuhmitteri wm^r the 
s^me PS ruiwber- It w*i* rU.ililLfthed. hirwvvrr. Unit the wlliu-ji 
NuLtl^-iu^WenjTiliiJe Ijy ^nLfbjnnt |h.rjull> . 

THE PRESIDENT Ski nil Urtj bn-ak 6tt? 

HF:RR BQHM' Mr PmUhlOl, Vi>ur llcmufj. I ju^L itpuke? fff Llie 
f*>lnkt syfcach mi'r prettied k> ivfiiii: iIil- Trunin Li rieia al EKm-tj" 
men! 1721 -Ptj I eofft*il>tf 

This aloiw wuulil not bt? ianrluiilvt- \t 1 did nul hwvu Ulu ciJIiduvlt 
r.I the Ljru.pp()M(lihrL!t' ui Lint- KurpfitlJ GiWJy. >*UMt, iinU w muttilwr 
oT the Craiip SlflfF, ZnrimtinHiiiii, rfhci was prc&Uflt M Ui* I.Hfh-. wIuj 
iL-aliry Ui*! .->iuii:n ^n n-ild' n> iLn muc -illi^jd L.y Lin.- Pr au4AjLJtH.ii> w.tj 
mver it J Ven If uiwh ^n. order win tifv&t yivc-rt. th^ri Ihcri.- fan ^n? 
ri/ivptilt cm actum l^keil- BuL Li wfja ulea proved Uy vn-tuL- ut Ihu 
u.ftiiliiVLl» lit the rolliX 1 1 K t* autnmMi"i^4ilnJi'L 'but no ordi. L r bJ the hifiil 
duirjted by the PrtiFiL-L'alJuri wbji bbUcJ lu the SinftdariL-ll uf 
Pil^udt* 5U 

LMT XX TT |49 



-271- 



1| A(JlLI «B 

Academy fur Carman L^W. o( whliii jjjU were prLiiuirEiL The docu- 
ment ha* the hftadlhfl "L^aL FOrmiLliiill of L^niliiny'* H^Laih Policy 
nn flaelul-Pohticul Lijies"; Ihti Int&l 1*111 ^rvus iti a t&L lur Utt 
Coatftllltut oci IhL^ Law ul FhawiisihU*::: In Iht Academy lur Gurmiin 
Law. 1'p h-uvkng this dm- time ru subcmUud to you. Plu-iu.qr, will ytfu 
tell me whether you've etyfcr hud Uvii S.cciu ivenl in yum: hwrids IPL-fLitiiT 

FRANK: From whurtv ddtii U comitf 

1*K. SIsUDLl Thai js Hit ^tj^ijdl^«ijf part; H liim ilie Ealubil 
Number USA-30U. 

FRANK. Dues il ulali: unvwherr whu div w it up cir apfi^lhinij gf 

DR SUDL: The dmru merit h.m nu iiulhtir: nur dr»-* it a lmW u_n 
whuai' urdir U wan tHimpdcjd 

FRANK 1 un safr nnjn.lv [h,g L'vo- never a**in the d ocument: 
thai I ntiver gave un order I-j- |j ta bu- dp^n up: >cj 1 hitf ^^ really 
nottLing abfiui i l 

DR, 3ETDL: U Glutei Ihtjv Ihul LI, ^'^i. fuu.rid in r fe ■ i Ministry -jf_ 
Justice LnKa^iehWnp tbiire u Mim.vLry o£ JuJ^tiCB in Kasai-1 hj ivjii ■ 

FRANK: A Ministry ot .lui.net- j[i K*ssj?]7 

im: SKIDLT yes: 

FRANK Thug hu not bDtm tit i^Uti-nct' ^nfi- Utod 

DR. SHJDL: I huvu ilu f lH'Uhh; queAUon* 

THE PRESIDENT. TlifiJL the $0&ttel4fB cun reiLum if* Kiu puut. 

DK. S K f D-l— La. thuL $*#*, willi Ihir utirnusaiun of Hit-" TrLuilfm], 1 
jfrfill Cflll witnttft .Dr. IhJlimjn- 

THE PRESIDENT; CuUuiet Sralmoy. 

MEL COUMiili^LOR 5MLKNOV- Yl% Sir. 

THE PRESIDENT: This document whiuh y«d prtidueh*l as 
USSR-^, wlUuh ill* ^iLfiJuls; (l-MII U^Il-ii JiiiiL Frank's diary; tire 
ynu ciftu ring thus I in l-Vj donee? Apparently obrid lallrie-slrom Friuik's 
duify Kavt alr^dy ten* ofl'tfred In yvtJcucc; nUnir.* bavt iiul Ail- 
yOll wiJlhlnji LU uflur Lidii I EL evidence? 

AAA. COUNSEUjOR iiMIKNOV. T] L ia dw! uitiefil tins jlrxiidy U2*?« 
sulsjiutted in tviJence under two numbL-rt: th& firsL nuinbur ib 
223J-PS, which WM iLiLiitilUi;tl hy Lbc Allien tun PruM.-i:il Ucrn,. unci Lbc 
Btitond k KuMblt LJSSR-^^J, juJ ^u uirajdy iu h m ii u-d by us on 
10 Fubrufll-y, l&^fl- 

TliE WBaESDSiiCbil?; I SO* Have Ibeiti enifLuii wlikh yuil huwt: ui 
Lhli dciCLimcnL brfn /kubmllloJ urj.der USSR -^3? Vuu fctftf, Um PS 
number does nut iiti«5^jri3y mtun thai kbtf JimjihiujilU h*V« bwi 
olTcreJ in irvjdengc. Thu PS numbura wvrt lippJLuJ tu Jorurm'riLii 



EHT XII 



Ah 



~172~ 



li Miy II 

Do you know anything ubuut M Hat, whJcii Waa ID be compiled, 
ccmtaLnJnff the namci of those- cufferitkjf from heart ah J Lung dis- 
cs ats* who wtrc to be removed from the population? 

VON SCHHlACfL Ha, I know noLtilnfcj itifltil that. 

J3R SERVATIUS; Or that you fftre |o piaki- suggestion* for toil 
tO the Fuhrer7 

VON SClIlRACH; Na r 

BR SERYATTU5: In my oplntnn thai do cument a bo ccnLainft a n 
grror which haa aliv-fldy .fc»a>n,. nmniiuned| he^. nmTUM Yj IIjl wtn' d 
"HciT" Jj j [ijnnr of aijdnaa . This letter was addruiSmJ Ut Iht* 
"Htrren Ortsgruppenleiter." and repeated mention is made ts! thu 
"Herren Kreuleitcr and Ortjsyrupp«nliiUur'" in the text, ^ajjkjou 
BOW iJ the cjtpt tfii.-.njn "rM 'i" wij* customa ry m P-.rU- lanHoaiia ? 

VON SCHIRACH: No. I hjjj never Liivjwji u Party documen t 
with the exception uF |h is one. wl-iluh I eondiJcf a frjlld, in which 
th e term "Heir" waj u^ed , 

DR 5ERVAT1US: You fcre Uurt-ururu of the opinion that thm 
designation proves in iLscll Ulnl the document 15 fako ? 

VON SCHTItACH: Yes. 

DM SKHVAT1US: I have no forth** question* 

DRSTElNBAUEfti Hujt Vim Suhirach, your i> i •iikl'Maor R-5 Cau- 
kller WBS J wet EufcJccI What sort of rehitiotll existed between 
Lhirukul jnrt 8L'y£*-Inquart7 

VON SCIilltACH: I can only repeal what uiu gum-rally known 
Ln the Party about relations hsiwo^n ilium. They were catrtimuly 
bad. and ill of U£ had the LmprtaajuH that from the v^ry beginning 
ULirckLl ftoiStLHJ hard to pu!*h Suyss-InqLiari t>ut. 

DR STEtNBAUKR: Whiuh raft uf Hi? two really had the power 

1a hb handa? 

VON SClilRACK: Bur^kcl. undoubtedly, 

DfL STE1NBAUER: Who, In yaur opinion and accord Imj to the 

■pIiiiI infj-inmnlinn uniJ iili lui rifil t iVlfrt Liu- fili>S il rfHtnCtftxible for Iho 



persecution, of Jews in VJtnnu? 

VON SCHIRACH: Hitter. 

Da STE1NBAUEH; All ri^hL You say Hitler ; but Hitler was not 

In Vk-njia Who curried oul thuse orders in Vienna? 

VON 5CH1RACH: In my option, these orders were carried ttul 
— Bviin duruxU BilfckiL'l'ifi and Sey^Injiudrl'i time — by the same man 
who hu already been mentioned hurt* oruie today and who, In the 
meantime, hu been condemned In death kft V Ik CJfiU— Dr. Brunner, 



IMT XIV 451 



MADE IN RUSSIA - THE HOLOCO$T 



Return to MADE IN RUSSIA THE HOLOCO$T PART THREE 
Return to CONTENTS PAGE 



The Website of Carlos Whitlock Porter 






' Cwiilesstons and J 'stB tc moim' ' imate presented 
ready made fof stgiiniure or else . . . 

M KER7.QG: "Hi ft I ke&U so, vnu did unt approve ai the whole 

of ihrkwicn policy of Hitler; a.r>d yuu did nul eliUiibar.lt with him? 
SAUCKEL- In anJW 1o the questLofi *JV FP* counsel I tinted Ihflt 

I never nivddcri'rJ mv^lf fe te a politician Hi regards foreign policy 
3 Chlc-red the Party by quit ■■ a different way and tat quite different 

motives. 

M KEHZOG: Dp vau rem m, her thi- diMlaratlon v bteh you made 

<w 4SL-lt:tTTi.b5t 1^ I" 1"---j Am n-icarj EiffitFrsV 

[Ttintftt to ihe Tritriwnl.l This dc dura 1 inn 19 Document Kum- 

trcr3ftft-PS. It was juirnnitiud. as Exhibit Number USA*2^- 
fKwfO$B ta tPic d<ijV>i*an* J You sHid the following 
"1 ha-vt %*** a convinced NQliDrml Socialist since 1031 and 
t, Creed IflO percent ttith Uir prujJI^m of AdoU Hitler I 
WurJ^d actively to th*1. n)dl Bhd during Itte period frcm |Ktl 
until the aBumpliwr ot power I mudis about 500 speeches, the 
»nse and cMiii-iUa of which represented thr National So-nnliaL 
■landfKuul H wail for me a parttClilar MlifffacUDW to have 
r-Alwn' the Gau of Tliuringia. id fl predominant por-Jtian wilh 
n^ard M St-i Nation" I BoiLaltsi views and convictions. Until 
the collapse [ neve* doubled Adolf ILLler, hut obeyed hi* 
etdsra blindly." 
THE PRESIDENT Yen *re fusing a bilk- bit too fast Thi* hai 

been r^ad. M.Hnrzafi. I dt> (SM think yau need read pll of it 

J.l HER2QC: I wtm[d ash you then, Pfioftdaiit. S auckcl. it you 

confirm ihe ^alcninntA whsdi ww'ia^'^ ""du r Diai>i - veto" 1**11* 

pm Without my Jun-K, ftn 4 S.-olF-nilmr 3^45 . fttld which ron- 

iTadlrt thosr that van mrid* yeiltrdfly and which you have Just 

made to me. 

SAUCKEI,: I confirm lhat my uffniilii rr is appended to toil 

ttacumnnt I ask the Tribunal'* p*rm Union to atote bow that siff- 

nalure wmp stout 

This riocumem wjj presented to mr i n its nntihcfl fnrm I ftswed 

to be jillii-A-ed !■:. rcy.rl nnd «.'.mi1v thin do r u ttu:ii l It, mv cuil in Obcr- 

~"l and rin-idV whether I cuul n &bgzi JL Thill wm, i)i'nj?d mf, 

figrir^ iiiu i-MivrrolM-Hi nn nfftLcr vas .caTiSUllPd wh fl, 1 was tfll'J. 

brionecd IQ the Polish t?r k'j^ian army; and Jl w-aa mutte dcir to 

mc- ffial Jl 1 hua ttitted ti-.o lone In siJlnini! thi s dommcni J Wfluld 

thii Polish t»r 
« (attiilv? We 



be KiiMiid _ov^- lo Ihp T1ll^:ati im lhoriliia Thwn I 

„ S3C _. i ] ... i „i-~J ■■U/hin-ii la RiDurlcnl 



JrLU'i-'iian uirk'cr eniwrtfa jiivj pml-u, "pi"' -— «™-*f" ,- - — 

know SdH ** cnur* W* will take him *tth ub; but hm family 
■.•■.. |. ."( to t.-.: LAl : _j '_'•■: -■■-L^^i il-'^ 1,1 '•' BLJEEaC, [ ' Am "*j 

(athtr til Ifl dillrirph. I did not alcm to ctms itkr: and thinking, of 
my famtlj-. J iiiprt'Tl llns dnnuiTHinl 

IMT XV 44 



-274- 
(Wbs this iha mily case or if Hits the tip nf tha icabirg?] 



M Uit 41 

Id b* justified legally- and ttuutJ ty ijwwUy- ud according to ethics 
tind ni orjj J i ty 

Just how many meet In gi I conducted I cannot My. My speeches 
and leclurci Wfcrt bi^rtJ mainly oti *ny We and on my Experience. 
Thus* wrsro the only things that 1 coujd talk about* end 1 wanted 
fo recap rile the German tocial clnssc* and the German proft^sjoos 
10, National Socinltt ideulogy, 

THE PRESIDENT: DEfrndsriL I havu jpo&ttiJ out la you that 
what Iht Tribunal deaircs is for you to take the dorurnenl and a&y 
what scntencia in Jt are WrO!tf< and not to make speech**. 

SAUCKEL: Tn my Eyes, all the lemence* air wrong 1 wrtulrt 
not have put them thai way if I myself, had beiTi qbir Id fftrinultlU 
ihfrm The way thrv sliind. I d.i!l utile ea ch and every 'Jtinb-nc*. for 
[dirt not wTice Ihnm and I wa£ n<Jt tnTWulted- Them pE-iUr-ncre wrrt 
pul be fort- rm 1 fcu- Hit: i arc im-'iy . 

DR SERVATTU5: Ml 1 . President, may 1 be permitted to (Jive an 
explanation of this matter" This filatenient la |:ir*rij*:aily a summary 
ol ill J the inlETrnjiBtionii in \vhi r -h Lht- vai i-.-.u-: uomti- aftmrur fl'- a 
pdti '■: iui i u n m !hu aenee fjl The IrtfllftTncuL The deWidliUt frutild nut 
iiit * vvr-: iti Ins GVhT: defense if ihlfr ^'lTc C r ; f-v L Since jt la i 
ntaume and since- eonclujuotii can be drawn from it, ho must have 
thn nppctft unity Ql refuting these tonelmdniia; and that nrceisxLnU'i 
a itatcmtnl These are not definite facLa which can bt pn*w*nsd 
with ">«" *r "Jifi " 

THE PREStBEST. The dtlenrtant hais just said that the white 
■dotiufneni is wrong., and, hr hm a bo sajd that tine dLn'-umrni w^. u 
obtaineJ from hlrn_ uncii-T dur^r 

DB SERVATTOS; Yea 

THE PRESIDENT And it is thtrelore not any use to go through 
1l bi detail But the Tribunal would like to htar from the American 
ProsocUlitin. if they have anything to say about Ihe matter 



MR.DDDD: I do nat have a topy of the document before me in 
English, but I 

THE PRESIDENT: %an **<?, Mr Dndd, M. Kotos he 3 »id that 
il iwas offered Ln evident* uniltx the Exhibit h'umlHir USA-223 

MR. UODD: My retaliation u thai— J will shedt Ihc remni, 
Mr Preside — my feculent ion in that in the presentation 0? the 
cjue on Slave Labor, we Inducted thii in QMf document book but 
did nflt tiller II In fvtft&ltC. I tMrifc 1 laid lu the Tribunal nl the. 
lime that wn had decided not lo offer it It had b«n printed and 
put in the docrmneni: book 

My memory may b* faulty, but my KCflllfiCliotl Js, Mr. Pr^idunt. 
that I he President of the Tribunal oiked me if I did not intend 10 



IMT XV €? 



-273 
Another "wluritaiy *ti«innnnr. 



B Jurrt M 

THE PSUSIPENT! 1 am tiftl objrrtlnR lo I hot 1 am only 
■ucgtfstinr; that it-wuuld be brlliT if yon put ig hitn each paTs£raph 
in turn, and nnt pLJl lhf« n? four parafiraphv «]] in cne. qur.-atiorL 

GETMtUPEKEQ Very wdi, Mr tfdj&bfttf T will drat with il 
in thjti wuy.. 

1 am asking ytio. Defendant Ftfft&ch*. do yflu nrtmit thr pnra- 
firaph reed by mci tciiircfmnp the Aiipchhiitf? 

FRITZS CH E - No: an* 1 mami-im Th at Ihnl H nnl whai I t'^Ulm) 
Tiiiil fVlrAt-t r:>rcluLti> n.'l!'^ 1 1 l. tl, nujcU -. ■rtiiirii Liu int^lTOJjatjJii: 
nu.SM.in •\lfsw: ■ jil^l.iinnl in rr^rn L-t m rr i ■■ u -uraimy. AflfJ it had 
^j.i.dlLiy.Ti ufi 11.-. ri.iii w*s aubmiUvii Ituwe fu r mv ric rial tire. 

THE PKESIDENT WflJl d minulr 1 Whal do vimj dh «>■ in It? Tail* 
1hu fiJ-iit p&runrapb. 

PRITZSCHE 1 Mi Pri-jnriertt, 1 *m iwpu^Ihu? uCfrbtM everything, 
parlttubrlv HBainsi Ihe rK p f c-sm f 1 1 ■• annlird here whim f lumr 
m-yfi- ijjKLrl Dunne my iTiterroE&lfcirs in MwjrCXiw 1 staled crtacUy- 
the* fame LhLriEtB l»n 1 stated here in, thla TriuT yeS-terdfty, 1h* dny 
bofriit? yeslerdny and lud&y or as I hnvp oet down I" toy affidavit 

Tl-rE PRESIDENT: Take Ihe Ht&\ paragraph Thr fint pnraf r?ph 



atllrjn. ■ ." WrrC you asfcrd. any question about thai., and did you 
make- pry answer? 

FRITZSFHL Yob, indeed In man; jnlcrroEflt^m ■vihlch frrrr 
h*:\tl lalf_*t nlflhil. I was BElLtfd audi nu est Inns, and 10 lite Subjects 
t'oudunwd In IhLa DrH- o^raUo-n 1 answered ai foliowe: 

I do not recall lliu- dole, but when Ihc Austrian Action wits about 
lo trtkf placu I wb» *uromiinud to Dr Gnnbbrl*. Dr. Gocbbtlt told 
nsf thai Ihr Au'jli ian tin v urn m«it of ScJmschnigg hpd pi bub of such 
and sittlh i natun^llley h*V* b?*n dEhCrlbefl 111 srul fallen t dutall 
here— thaL ji gwarfurriefcl crisis had dt^e-topi-d.. that ScyBS-lnquBi-* 
had laltEjn uyit the Government, that a SMll iut hcljr Had CATn* (Turn 
Austria, and irjut now Oll" march into Austria wfjulo lake p1ac». 

THE PRESIDENT. Arc jrmi nmv IcUfnjE uh stfhit yira told the 
Russian bitcrrogfllat. ur art Jrou tolling m what artuMly happenvd 
in Cifrmauy »t the lime pi Iho Anschluss? 

FHITZSCHE I arn telling what I laid Iht Vrttem>Eatlri£ Russian 
nlnetr, and thai U exactly What look place Jli Ihe Frnpagadda 
Mumlry on ihc day in crucHion. 

THE PRESIDENT. JflflC arr laying, then, thnt trui first p«ra- 
graph is entirely made up, are your 

FttOZSCHE No: I ihould not liks la uir the Eifirruinn 'madr 
up," but I fl.hu uhi hk* l" My*=-and I b-nj; pcrmisslofi la do «rj— whicn 



ItfT XVII 21* 



-276- 

WilnesstfV were allowed In read then 

"leBiiHiojiy" ftfl scraps ol (Mpei 



i Jtfi* M 



MARSHAL. 11 It pLiiut the Tribunal, the Defendant, Kesi Fl 
Absent 

THE PRESIDENT! Dr. Srahmor. 

DKuSTAHMER Within, In Jflrfir tcstimtiny, Just before «etsa. 
vou read clj^ ynur f ESlimhnv. j{ I obserwd correctly. Will v^ 
tell mg ^-hathgr thai yvm an or run" 

BAZILEVSKY. [. w^a nut reading anything Ji have only a n t1i ^| 
of the cuuHiuoiTi in my haft J . 

DR. ETAI-I^ER It looted to me as thpugh yuu were reading 
out your answers, How can vgu eKobin the Eael that the ln'.-jr- 



jjrgt^r nirujidy had ysyjr anther in his hanifa? 

BAZILEVSKY: 1 do- til-I kTv:m- linw the interpreters could havu 
hBl my anawErrg. belnrehutLd . The- t^[flW!i\y which J am gV^jnU 
Waa. Tigw<jv*T, known tc* The Commissiim tre forehand — Eh at is, my 
tesil/nnny dyjuijj the preliminary examination. 

DR.ST4HMEH. tkt you knt>w th* litUe oiatle qn thtr Dnieper. 
rht nltle- villa? Did yau not understand me or hear mu? Dei you 
Itnow the lulls cast I r <in Lht Dnieper, the little villi) on thi- Limeprr 1 

BAZLLEVSKY I do nut kn&W which villa, you me tin. Then* 
were quir.e a. number of ^llUa tm Lbfl Dnieper. 

DR 3TAHMER: The house which was near the Katyn Wand 
An the steep banh uf the Dnieper RiVgt. 

BAZILZVSKY: I aliil do out quite unficriila,nd which hou#t! -. ... 
mean, Tha bmk* uT Hid LWeper are long, luid therefore your 
question li quite ifteoniprthcjisjble to me. 

DH„3TAHMEH. D-u yuu know where thi? firavai ol Katyn We** 1 

found, in which, 1 Lurid Pujjih ufftcan wtn: buriEd' 1 

BA2(LEV5KY. I wdi nftt there, J did not see the Kitty n bunjl 
grounds. 

DR. STAHMER: Had yon never been, in the Katyn wqodf 

BAZILETVSKV As i already laid, r wm tlnare not rmce buv 
many tunes. 

DR.STAHMER Ho you know whrrr this mass burial »tte'w:i.< 
locatad.7 

BAZILJEYSKY : How can I know wher« the burial ground! were 

situate when 1 tauld not go I here unce tha pqcupationT 

DR STAJIMETi How do you know that the little wood was not 
fenced in? 

BAZlLETVSKY: B*&« the oeeupatinn tit the Smolensk dislrJrl 

by the German troops the unrirt area, u [ already =tated, was n^r. 
nm founded hy any barrier, but according to hearsay J knew that 

IMT XVII rji 



>77- 



The r 'wiinei3(ta" ware allowed to topcot any kind of haaisat and tumour: 
Hie prosecutor; were allowed to lead Ihe wilnees-us in any marine* liiey liked 



_*_ j*_ ii_ 



M DUBOST: 1Tl*n how iid they OBtatn. In* anatomic eje rutins, 
hnw Uid tKev g*t these tattoo marks* They wa.L^d far x natural 
death, dl eO-jri*?. 

DUPONT The elites I observed wert naiuraJ draths or **b- 
tununs. Before O'Jr urn v a I— and I can name wj-.neAatii wha tan 
ttfStilaf to' ihia^lfrify k.LLJ it 1WH 1^ Jjgl t b: £.J ur.- go ^^rj.^ It 
happap-rd t m'iil i~m ph a 5 fie. wb?n I iVj* :Ml 41 1 I.ticjidt vvu.a i AtTi 
rEpg^tLRg -yhat -xwi t --id rn^ by wi'-.b^ta > tn"- rarr,-.^ I ^uTgtufr 
Duiu^ [hi' pgnpij "whari iht; i-j.-tj? ^m :umrr.inde-d tay Lfrin, rjaapTg 
\yh i>_ h .i_d flitrliaQiriy nrVJlju UT.^Xj T^r'-is ware k.'"L-.i~ The '^'j^; 
I '.-ail fL'Ier [■■> !.i a Llvt-,1 "Ul-^T catjgd N'JcoLii SjHiU'i -A'^.m ■,->.." "i n 
t-M x Fin'q p nr% l\- ■■ ;j-j n l - b J m : Z- J n II •.: iriL.7i ■■■■ Xltl Lil ex : ep 1 1 o n a, co;i' ■ 
d i t i ■-■ n ^ '.vheri? hi? h.id c:iLW^L'~-i£!P/:>':T iVjiL-'j'rla.iiLL-ii -^l i'^-?r\'d\.r.r. 

M. OU30SI Bui T am tolri that K^h waa Kntt-.-ig&d !,.■ d^.ilh 
and esu'iiuted b^-ma-d uf thcau t!xm5^oa T^ 

DUPONT- Aa Nr *fr 1 krAlw, Kadi was nrUsad up with whe jort 
uf jWir.JhJIg Jftair. ffr= qi^rfrlJod with, t l :£ SS j dirt, ft i iTraUgn rlr 
«m j . unri-mhredfy jfr-j^l^'. 3ni3 irr.priJismid ! 

THE PRESIDENT: We had tetter have an ad,-mrnmer:t tVfltt 

JA rL'i?ji uDi tofcrn./ 

M. DUBOST Wa stepped a', Iht gad of the Koch Morv an if lh* 
^■mjea_>vxt tC.llKg thij Tufrnflnl tj-nr Kedi had hnm ^■■V^ir'] n- ■ ! 
fjr Lhi~L-^mt5 that h^ Jl.id "^rr.iUoTV-L Jrnfidtd ii:- '> I ?■'.-- mug s 
i[. ."ils ii'iv.gt'. frm bL-.-.i.Sii o[ '"riE tvj -nfe d:i lIe iUj-^Ci'urJ.: a.":^~f iviia 
ha h.irj been guilty during h-^ p-rrL!T"i itj^ 1 ';" 

Did I lunierstaiiri ihc ^-Ltrt^ss" cx^inaiLun. corrcctlj* 

01 'PONT I saJril *gpl..-ttly that he hjd bwn_j;ciiBsd ul dtg - 

nay that h r Wai ji?^uarLl f jl^I-j :; i ■■• uly if d l L r .h ;i r -ja t a".'J7Tjy hi,^ admin 
LatratLLHI. I kn oi*-" '-hiiL audi dUTgfr 5 Vf^rg ir.adf- jgajfDt hJTi, bL.t I 
ha'J f m> further inJ-urrnflitiC'r i. 

M DUBO^T; Havii ynu nothing to addT 

DUFOKT t can day that thu mfn-miatiuA Mine From Dr. Owgn, 
who had been irmti'd at the sam* lima uid nsl^iisEd a£jin and 
who relumed to Eudu'riwaUl towards iht ertd, lhat 1st trarly tn 154^ 
M DL-EOST. Whm waj thr natitiimlity of th^ doctor? 
DLTPONT. GtirmAh, Ke was m dutMlJUd- He was an SS man 
and Koch and b* ^tre arrertDd at Ule Sam« '.imB Ov.pn was pfltiwHl 
and ciiiuc ha-:k Li> Buchcn -a= j 1 d ivstored to his rank pnii haa lunctiuni 
at the btginmrtS at i'M!i. Ha y.-« quite ^iliiPfl to taUt \a thu gfU- 
qftera and ihe ihfL.rTTi.iluua that I havu gK*n ™^ Iri>m him. 



tMT VI *w 



-m 



39 Im 4jl 

M. DUBOST. I have n* further quJ»Uorts to ask the witness, 

Mr President, 

_ THE PRESIDENT: De« any member of the Drffinftt Couiurl 
wish to ask any quesliopi'* 

DR, MEHKELi J am the Defense Counsel for the CesUipu. 

WilhEiE, you previously ataied that the method* of treatment in 
BuchenwaJd wure not puuli.i r 1.1 Llli: Bufchenwiild Camp out must 
be pscnfred to * general order The reasons yuu gavt ?ot this 
itatement wet* that vchj had jeen thoise ciiaiunu and methods in 
an the other «mp* loo. How iun 1 to undgrfltand this Miireajgn 
* m all the other cainpa '^ -^— « "' 

DUrONT T am. speak r.g pfco]it:en.1 ration ramps. tt* be precise- . 
a certain, number r-\ rhem Mautrmttai-n. Luiiuii. Sat-hsgjinaLL^ii.. 
labor aqiiaca mdi as [>jra., Laura. S IK, M:in.ilfben T EbvnEas, \f, 

mrntiDEi ihfr«e cwaly — 
^ _^j 

DR MKRKJit,; Were um youraulf i n those cimpi* 
PITONT. I myself ^nt u* Rudicr.walrf I ^jlkcted e**Cl 
tcilimony ntujut ihr .-,ii n ,- ^mp, f;i>Mi jffjfhds who were Inure In 
any ciu-d. ins mirnbur n* ir.-mls c-l mini} who (i:rd » b auPRfwnEly 
etoqurn! proof |h.:u <rN termination, Wai carried out ill the same w^-y 
En nil tin- ram pi 

HERR BABEL t ihnut.,1 like to knbw l<? what block you 
belonged Perhaps you cm tell the Tribunal— jwi have already 
mentioned the point— how Lho prtiignerj we« distributed? Did 
they xn>L *l&n bear certafn external markings, red patche* on the 
doth i jig a/ sum* and green on that at others? 

DlfPONT: There were in fact a number of bad rev a-ILof which 

were found in the same Kommnndcia; To give an pxample; where 

I wa* — in the "Itj-rajifl-hornTnanJu" known as ^EntwitEfleranjt" 
Idrninagei — 1 worked plentf aide of Gorman "cvrrirm < in"law5- h weonn^ 
the green badge. Regnrdins the national! tic* Lft Ihla Korrimando, 
there were Ruiisjsihh, Czechs. B^tft|i*j and Fn-rich, Our badges 
wen? different i (JUr treatment waa identical, and in IhLa j)aH malar 
lobe we w«fl even commanded by ' 'common-laws." 

HERR BABEL I did hot qulto hear the befilnninfj of your 

arttWDT. I asked whether tbp internees wei'e divided inln speclflc 
catenaries Identifiable **t*mally by mearu of stain or sn;ne kind 

rif dhtinguiBhing mark: green, bliae, ti crtettt? 

DUPONT. I said thai there were various badgea Jn the ramp. 
tnanguJar badjjci which applied in principle to different categOfica, 
bi,il all the men w*» mixed up togeiher, and subjected to the sam? 
ireatment 



1«T VI H5 



-279- 

. . . here Hi a ''witness" says "I ner&Dnallr was nal ■ 
witness' ' ind thn proiftculor siys 'Never mind" . . . 



■ Juiu 4* 

they found m the camp, In Block 2. ta Hewed and tanned ikins- tin 
II April 11345. 

M. BUBOST: WfiErg were these akini Tanned ? 

BALACHOWSKY These skiru were tanned In Block 1 nn. l 
pcihapt ala^ sn the crrmsHarmm butUanjia - whidt were nnl tat fl-'JL 
Black a . 

M DIT-IQST: Then, according to your ferttjfnony. it wt> a 
cuatamaiy practice which rtmtLnufld yvn a Her Kach'a f&ecutlTSrt'? 

BALACHQW3KV- Yh, this pmtl«f continued, but I da flat 
know in what extent 

M OUBOST Pjd yau witness any uiapecttcm* made at the camp 
by German offldtll, and if a>, W.So W«fr theiE officiali? 

BALAeHDTVSKV 1 CMi tell yon wnietMnjj about Dora. con:ern- 
Lng auch visits. 

M. DUBQ5T; Excuso cat, I havr one mn:i! Iftfeyf to aifc jthu about 
the *kins, Dn ydu know anything a bam Koch'* conviction ^ 

BA^A^IlOWFiKIY [ tik-iiJ-.J "timo^ Jn:l remar k J abo-Jt Katfh's 
CBluncH'ton Trnm my olii jmnrjdci. m-Hm v^n- -n the cu::i;3 nt rha l 
fTnTJ. Bnr [ prr&iiiijiL]^ was no: fl wilr^:,.-,~oMh* aUTiU r 

M, LU'BOsT J^jvpr Tnmd It ts eilUUgh for me to knu'* that 
alter hi* ea&vietioh skbii were atiU tanned end tattooEd 

BALACHOW5KY. Exactly. 

M nUBOST. You expressly state it? 

BALACHOWSKY Absolutely E^on alter h.a conviction. Tanned 
a.nd tattooed iklm were -ilill seen. 

M DUBOSTi Wiil yo j J tell us now what iriajtl werp made to fr* 
Ira nip by GeiTTUW Jaffltiflia. end who the** o!flc1alt wet?? 

BALACftaWSKY: OnotacU beLwfeen the OjiBW de— In a t *s 
German civilian* and tevtn Carman solders— and the interior of Lh« 
cump were made poaaiblw by ri c nurture* and furlough* that fcoffw 
imUiiral prisoner* tfiite abLp m obtain from '.he 55 m order to 
spend aoma Iiciie with their lamLLieii and, vim viiU, $«* **«• 
ttiaiU to the camp by members or the Wehmsadit In Block .oh w.« 
1.-.1 . iriiii rt F TT.niftu7.vff*. raidets. These LulfA'afle cadiilii. ftnfimbtTA 



ol the regular Curman armed (area, -passed through ihe camp and 
were able lo see practically everyrhmg that went on There. 

M. DUBOST. What did Ihey d» an BLoifc Mlf 

BALACHQWSKY They JMit came To see the equipment it lh# 
LovitaTlc-n of Slurnrtwrnrrftihrar Schuler. Wr received juuerol tdtttt 

M. OL'BOST- Wl-iat w» the equipment"! 

BALACHOW;3KY Equipment for the manufacture of vaccines, 
Laboratory equipment 

TMT VI 311 



-2W- 

hero vwa learn thai cancan I ration cmnp inmates 
have exirssensort percouiEon 



UM 



Three claasti ar kinds of evident!! *hk presented to uu The 
first WM Lhe visual inspection of ihc'umpi Ihemsplw. fW% Vrttii 
of SS BupflTv^iftn by the American troops Wr SAW the barracks 
the Work places, the pltytiGflJ fflCillllKi far tnrhiri?. deflradniKin. find 
execution, We «W the victims both dead and *ilv*, Of thr atrnnl,,-. 
praclked at the*; campn W^saw the process of liquidation b 5 

— ffti* * - 

Harviitiou whiJe it was still going on, We saw the IndHicribabl*. 
filth and ameUtd thi* nattae-aling stench before it was cleaned up 
Kid *^ iflW a number of victims of thll llnuJr\iti.>n process 
actually dip 

The second kind of Evidence wb oht.ni.rLcd was Hie leillmtinj' -fit 
Eyewitness* 5. Amung the prison bo themtel v« !0 these fltrotftl-^. 
Mqny of the prisoner? h^d buen m the camps we-vliMed as km* us 
3. and 4 yeari. Many Qlhera Karl ipohl long terms as prisoners In 
Hveral othLT i.mllar camps Wall* these prisoner* included men 
from nearly aJi the countries til rrntrai Eumjn- a&flia speech, wh,v-u 
STa'ann m life, and whose edueflTiun and p rev Lou J environ men t dif- 
^ red wufcly fn>m one arm her, ydt the testimony of all of the** 
witnesses was uubaitanllalJy the eamr DULJcily *nd through mlDr- 
preters we talked to pruooer* who had Seen the hanging* and fchfl 
beniintfsanLl whohar! themselves experienced the systematic process 
of starvation, corpora] punlahmPhi . and h-urrmn degradation, 



-. 



_».. hi .,iu ^. w ml cviucjilk w j.', ui n a r may me t:aJ|*d T Mt comimTl 
> rib* [edge p( inre- camp, that is ta «y, pviJeiicp of thitijji don- m 
thu camp which wcr- nnl rlitr.e pub]r~Sy bur wKjctl. DEverthctas. 
mj prisoners were iw»te hF tbJi is llrittof Lr» certain knou'Lcdfjo 
(iDssesiDrJ by prl&ain-r.n generally |n kgilrmaLp irut:llilLo»u like Slat-* 
pen stent La riH The;* prisunc:.. from emmm arirJ «xpent-rtEC, finm 
ffa* CQnvEnnUMi With I Mr: guards and inane Lhismwlvti, and frrtm 
■ *ery j>Wn ind almoat rT 1 ;irr„:matica] fend rk cirrJurnatantul 
evident, jiavc jct-m-.it^ kluHtflH^ dJ rfrttun th.ngs which rhry ha V = 
" li: 'H'tuall-yjcert With tM-ir uwn hm 'lhf i.i ■■■■'.-." ul ;,'i-'r:..m^ 
5ET.lk abruK thejf rh mgj hs llio.| g ! 1 il-.^y i,.,. : acln.ilh :,._■■.: r , thij/n 
II wan tht! uuanlmw^ lipirwi at rrur com ml Up* jflur lo |ki nd- Mi 
hundrtdinf prJSQltE?r5 that this third krnd of rtftfiaefj wjii often M 
accural uirj reliable a i The Iwo fcjfldl of dirtcl r-vEikrK'c nb»vi. 
referred Id An namitli: ot iliJa klnrrl at evldtnrp wilt be found m 
thai pprt of Our rt port dealing v^Lth Ihp ferluce diamtwr at &$'«»- 
wafd, whtut m> ft* telually 24 w 1h* Kljangulatirjnt parpEtraled in 
Ihia chfltnbk-r, bul wherir thr cirLunuUMtiaL evLdMlCE at II was sa 
complete and cEear a* to tave M .dnubt in the mltid of * riy bin*. 

IMT XXXVII 



M4DE /A/ RUSSIA - THE HOLOCO$T 



Return to MADE IN RUSSIA THE HOLOCO$T PART THREE 
Return to CONTENTS PAGE 



The Website of Carlos Whitlock Porter 



311.982 nuionzed rlefrtnse sHidavits ware rte^r tiamlileri 1 
and have been lorqutien 



U A lit « 

group of affidavits which I mentioned te the Tribunal thai. I would 
give to the defense cnunsiil .u once, as they arc general a/ndaviu 
from minister! and ether prominent people in Germany which are 
In ejeiuruJ rebuttal ol the affidavit* puL In by the Defense r and, 
My Lord, 1 was ^mle content — m fad I suggested aad the Thblinfll 
Approved— thai they should, be read when we air dealing with the 
documents alter the Defense document hut IhaT I ihnutd gLVi il to 
the Defense so that they wauld nave an opportunity irt advance-. 
My Lard, thai 11 my position, und T am very content to adhere to it 

THE PRESIDENT 1 Si you want Lu make use of it, T trunk perhaps 
it should be offered in evidence i* u to make it strictly in evidence. 

STB DAVID MAXWELL-TYFE: Well, My Lord, I am quilt con- 
tent to do thaL They were fiainp is be offered m evidence a& aifl- 
davi|s. My Lord, il ii only a matter of procedure; ] do nut mind 
which— of course the Tribunal will decide tluil Tu* Puffin* an.- 
ttuuin]|Ui Bbout 3LH),0Chi affidavits which are beirni'aiijiinrmr^trd in 

that ftc shauld i put m— j I lb '/ tame time wu shuU-ld pul m rebuttal 
iheiie few afftdavits thai we fr.iv* 

THE PRESIDENT: Well, do it then Offer it in evidence now. 

S1K DAVLD MAXWELL-FYFE; Well, My Lord, I will do that 

THE PRESIDENT: U thert any other r*hui uii beside? these, 
affidavits? 

SIR DAVID MAXWELL.-FVEE. My Lord, it is this group— 1 
think there is oim addition lo if, but that 15 *il the rebuttal BB fax 
as I know 

THE PRESIDENT: Yes, you arc nut going to apply to call any 
additional witnessed" 

SIR DAVID J4AXWELL-FYFE: No. My Lord. I will not try to 
say for my colleagues, but an far as J knaw, they b&vt net I w ill 
vanfy that u! oure. My Lord. 

My Lord, none of the- Pro'Bueullon are jfcoiTijg to iubmtl any oral 
evidence- Lit rebuttal 

THE PRESIDENT: V&ry well, 

SIR DAVID MAXWKT.T^FYFE: My Lord, thu is ihe affidavit of 
Dr. Wllhyfm IfngnLT, tit* Bavarian Prime M-lni&ier, and U give* his 
nddresa. In the fcwcoild paragruph he aayii: 



"The two pamphlets, PtJt T and II, pubiniLied lu me— rmiur 
*nd Kahr, the- Bav*rlsr. would-h* Napuhion* af 1&23. a scandal 
at jusiien pxpn.ujjd in Lhe'ComntlltiMr of Inquiry of, the Biifd.ri.Ui 
FrQvinctal Diet.' wvjru written by me At thai lime I W»s 
allium reporter of thr Committee of Inquiry of Ihc Bavarian 
Provineiii] Diet on ihe Hulnr Piitedi "Ttl. !$£*, All the facia 



IMT XX-1 3PU 



-:*:- 



u Aia ■ it 

Treiunenl of pruonera: The Prosecution, charges the military 
leaden, with plamunf , tolerating or committing cnm« against, prb- 
onen of wit in eJ] theaters of war. The Russian Frosecntjftri, in 
particular, enumerHiei tpeeiflc atrocities, which I dn not wish to 
mem ii>fj ia detail. Insofar *u they affect the circle of perwn* whom 
3 represent, I anal] refute the&e aEcuialigm by affidavits, 

I refer first to Alndavu Number 1101 by Field Marshal Von 
Kiichkr, which deals with the principled of th* treatment of pris- 
oner* af war. Lieutenant Colon*! Schnoder teitLtlej in Affidavit HAS 
that in November 1IWI in Orsh& be participated in a diacuafliem 
bcLwccn the Chief of the General Staff, G«neralobem Holder, arid 
ths chiefi of lh# thrw army groupi on the Eastern Front, at winds 
the feeding of prisoners wan also dlncuiied. The Army Groupi 
Center «id South, which hid jusi laksn many prisoneri, asked for 
ggrmissiun to uar army supplies to Supplement the food *llpt tfang^ 
Oflhf prisoner*, and if r>t-ee salary, evtil hi rcrimr the rajionj P_fjJJy 
German troops for thu po/ipoae In this connection, r furthtr re?er 
to tne Afniiamu lltia. J 101. lllU-a. 1105-s to c, wid 1104 to 11O0„ 
inclusive- A particularly important affidavit IS AfhdBvit Number 
3 li& by General Gerdtc General Genta was, from Aug in t 1039 lo 
the end of the war, Chief of Transport in the OKH. He state* that 
the transp^na of SovieL prisoner* <if war were treated exactly lik e 
l^e transports of other pnsanen of war . The pnaoner'tTwere trans- 
port ^d lujjsther tn closedl freight cars, and orders deviating from 
Uiu procedure Were never issued. Open flat cars H as ton tended by 
the Prosecutmn, were used only very seldom, and only on transport* 
over short stretches, beeaun: there was m gT»*i scarcity of this type 
of car, in no M*r were transpcrts in the winter lent iatenUonaily 
in open cara in order to let the prisoners freeze to death That is 
shown by Affidavit 3146. 



Now .1 tume to the refutation al individual points of the Russian 
cfairK*i s.-HntErimig the treatment at prisoners On 13 February 
IB+fl it Mra* Plated \haL corpse of Red Army men Ware found OH 
the inland of Chortiza cm the Druepi*r (Volume VII Page 347), 

THE PRESIDENT: Dr. Latemser, Hip Tribunal ha* abrgady said 

jhat it intends uuJy to Inir-tn in yuo for hajn^jjy, and, irnlca you 
jhortcji orimha you have- m mind the iTorWm g of your addrias . 



i^nw^^OaveToTSEe^FuuTTo^^ mre without any 

further reference El atrmi m me that with reference to prisoners 

of wu\ til you have jgol to do u tell us what an* thu number* of 

the affidavits which ikm with It and say "I particularly refer to 
lueh and ■uth" an order or audi and audi an affidavit," and then 
we aha!) know thai you attach particular tmpomnce to those 
amdaviia, but to deal w ith ai in decpi] like thiA is simply waatin g 

IMT XXI afli 



i\. i. 



71 AM(, II 

uuj umpj . Anyhmif, wnai I rtlealt i* that a^he^nd^M^ai^^jb^ 
\ o u r afljr.ss£_gjj_thjiJHL-tOBj^s_wilj_ceg£g " 

DH uATJiR'NSER EyLMrFj^sdejn^ 
Ofnnawerin^th^ajjeui 

THE PRESIDENT: You are hfl vincJhalE^^ 
ent moment and .you huytr had Anm fw-ulvu o'clock 

,^ mm ^^ m ^ ^ ^_ afa ana M m^ 

DR LATERNSER Oft IS Fdbru&rj 1446 it was R^serLcd that or. 
the Island yf Cnorji» es thr Dnieper, corpses of Red Army men 
ware found who had been lortureii, whrjsc hands had been cut off, 
whose eyes had been put oul, and whose stomach* had been cut 
open IVtflurne VII, Pa«f 247) Tiu;, m refuU'd by ATiidavit Number 
13li of FSaW Blaraha] Von KJcilt, who 6va* enmrnaJfldtr-in-dlUff O* 
the troops then.' No G^rmlih tfmps wirv uaiid or I his island, but 
the Hungarian Light Corps u/h fujhlbiij tlierc, Thai La shown by 
Affidavit Ulb 

In the Northern sector of the Eastern Front, accord big to thr 
traj3tto-]pt of U Fr-brunTy 1916. prisoners are saLd to have bfrii 
driven before the attaching German troops who used them as anieidi 
(Volume VII, Page US) This ia clearly refated by the lestiniuriy ul 



the ftihnef comm4rdfr-ir>'di>ef nf tb* lSih Army, □uneralobrrat 
Lin-dtHTiann, AlfiriavM lllll-j Thii teJilunony Ja tt^ortttl (m ihe 
same point hv ihc alfLdai/lt ol Colonel ■ NtilttJ, Number 3159. 

The FtLiMLan rJociimeni US5JI-151 «no in* speech q| the Pm^e- 
tuLmn cif 13 February i94ti fc'ofiluln llir v>„mHndtitin at C mural 
Vuii QiNrrflich, Who niudr: uajwi laity &e rjfl us eh araes WUh regard tii 
tfor H^alrr.cnl of pfU-jrHTi [Volume- VI I,. J*aflei iSflJfiSj. A* CttuNtltr- 
rvldrflCe 1 prei*nt Affidavit Numbei U L~ which p'rOrv^M thii Voh 
OlTPrretcn r^pncHiuced Ih* Ciirjfi>a'tm:i;- in Mny 3H41 quite wrunyly. 
In particular ihr ■iffnlhyU reftim* ;hr mjmrttwri Elutl i.iri3^ra. wei* 
Jilreli t.i.1- firv fir, We^ng pristiner 1 , (»r Im Ijn.'hH- |irti,irt:r= i tic a| i □ Li L e 
cf working 

Aw&rdintf lQ the tranacripl of 1!J February L94lj, nUfllL-rtVUB pris- 
oners in tht- pris/.m %il Seuctsmpo] are sKJd to have been kiLled by 
snt*ntiein*lly bad treaiiwtm jVoIuhvl- VJJ, Pj^>. 2h;l) Thj& amwrucm 
is ejeafjy. disproved by llie leitimony of C tl L- Army Medical OtfitCT 
at the illh Amy St IhM tun?. C*mer»laiii twain I GiOiiKi-, in ha Affi- 
davit liJH Accord^ lo Lhi_ Unnstrlpl of 1.3 February 15-ttt, thr'djc 
trainlrjAds of prisoners of war 4fL iurl td hdVf" brtn rak-Jti from 
Kefteh lu ScVOitopoJ mid baiHi*d or drowned B.L suu there Cut ^ Sflp- 
'trmbjer or TjnajmbGr i^ [Volume VII. Pag* afcfli Thit nejertLnn m 
drnpruued by tbfc tc»:mcoy of CffiTi^UllS PelLhmafin Jinl RttUil^t Hi 
Affidavit 3HC1 Jilid 3507. both jgtafe*I]i WU*t ut the qij-imt'l BL that 
time, ThcRU^ian Prrjjemlinm iricdl. Bn 11 February 194J3, Tnpurlray 
the violent fiflhtirjJJ in Hit i]U*mes neai Kertch ua beatJUlily OIL 
ihr pan ot (In- Germans rVnJumr VII, Paflc SftElj. Gas 1* sojd To 



1MT XXI 3911 



-M- 



11 ah* » 



have bi^r. Uttd. -nd atcordlJlii (Q tht lifttwnonv of a woman will- 
aplFHRraJy made an oxjia cuunl, 900 prisoiieri Weft mjd treated nr 
Jiot The cieiir iwrimiiny of uut «ihtmand»ig uunerfll jt that area 
Genei-M, toaiwAklott, ctintr^icLi Lh^« the r e f«cn« ^AffldJivit lizj" 
DiicmnEnt USSR-6? and thi: ProsecutLcn *peeiii of 13 February 
l- }e - *yj™^j to w| ' lch «r- the urderg al Field M*x*hnl Model and 
trfnei-H] Nt-hrmg ni> prisonera were to be taker., arc refuted hy Alfi- 
flJiviU 1222-1 u f, that As, by *ix affl 1 i aV ]CS on ihii ttuiituUr point 
iVolume VII. Pa t t 39i>. MaJLreatowrrit uj pritonem , n Norwegian 
cwipa 11 also aiuigetj in the PrDS&cutidn *pe-ch of U rrijruarv ISHS 



ivujumu vij, p^e «3] G^Praluh^m Von Falkenhom, Lb aMUUi- 
yjr im prft&$ Lhat these prisoner* were nat Liii<h:r the rniiiLiTv 
but umlei the 55 

Affidavit* Hit? io j :G D tE*t.| ¥ thai wounded pnsian_« wen; a wrw- 
Wh.T C treated llktf fuj iivr, wuLiuJ^ Ffiim th» m*™ ih^,^"^ 
war them t* testimony u,,i fK7 r^iumy iHmscll'arfuiota-ladied thai 
LhL> MtlianU was giHid fJjL thii (hjjut r submit St^menLi 11B1 and 
KM, the IfilT-Ot ranTilirimfi Hn adcnmwJcd_mfcm by the AjUBJ-LL-aii 
Gttlftftj Sit™ Number S '6ft teEtifies to a lm*Z of Matin frpiri (fa 
nephew cf LhL- Kjng of Errand, and NumJmr 11*56 uujitHuu KVtt&l 
] tilers from. kAF ofiicero m the ramrnandanl ft! ihp Air Fart* oris- 
Dner j? war crap at Qb*rgrse] th*mWrj_ htm far hi* d_ V _Jrouj 
aliunde AiftdovjB nBjj ■ snows ifui jn October ft*3 the cammuider 
of the llih Djvismh. C*ner_J Keirn, m zn order to the German 
troops PI Stalingrad stilled *hM Rui^i pmnnpr* Witri: ti> be pr** 
wldwi With fDLHJ and tb ui for th.j purple iWd suppl ies for lET- 
Ggrmfln troop, wfff Hi b (. lurtr^r r^ hjeed nhimu. ' rh .W «r»™ 
jdreadv vtr>- srft_|]. Further hm,,.!^ r.f il... ^! V| ,| ,>■,„■, ^^UiiciH 
of captured enemy ttifati are _lLfen Jn St|il*rnenL 1L7U and m lhat 
u£ General Student, Number U^l. When infant!] u pax aJvu broke 
ULil iiTm.j^ BnliG). pribtihBia unj^ettfTS^ifcral Sluderq a erd p tran^ 
porl plan.- 10 Hi.TL.n_f.ii- Pig~n"wufflary ^■iujt j. jp j^jtg of iL.. Jjffi- 
Lull possum cf the wrmai! tmop>. who were- dependent vt i supplier 
ham the air. Obcrtiubsorri Dj. Sehaie^ m Afndavu 117_ sayi thai 
Lhe Muunljun JRttlTtW Sfefttlei », ihL- AJpc s™*d appi-DXimiitely 35(J 
tneniy flyer* from d__th f 

Document 1J74 leiliilei to OuLiEunduig pcracinaJ GJj£y*tty an lb? 
pan of CiJinnel Count KhnkuwHtrom. and I WttuM Hk* to n-fer to it. 



THE PRESENT Surety, Dr L.ulemaei, y„Li can j » W 
rgfefejict? t(j the imrjibi:rh af the flffidavin n-knji itr.n- ilniit ; 



e U.t Ihe 



were truatpd p^p^ly Wt .y wastf* i ^h.- .m jj Liv L.llM.n^^TK^ 

*.i^ aJhd.u-:l ^y, B Vm^rL t,...,. >.-, t..M J -L___ N f |l ^ ■. 

refer In K4X"J Lreatmenl by mdivj duals. 

DK I.ATEILSHEH Mr PrvJiJltent, If I only awr nuw.^ n and do 
not refer fll lea-t pjitnalJy u. the tforitwi^. ncrw ^^ this Malwrni.1 



■285- 



II AUf ll 



- '- 



will hlivf jr-y wt-jxlhi. toL-jiaM- tn?Be affidavits have not he-en trans- 
lalud Oi_i Li III » r r.iLi.V/la atmrgEimaldv ■!<? n ai-e heur. 1 radiated 
If I cj:.nol : gt* tf" j: iwue: ?fnnf of ihi: cuiiis'irls, LhiSii the Tribunal 
wllJ naL be able to lake these affidavit* blifl ccuuiidK ration at all. 

TH"E PRESIDENT We have gat ihr lumnun' Urlon? u» in writ- 
Lne Wlicii yuu ajc prorL>ca]Jy cuuujr an every ense ii :o repeat thr 
Summary whiCJi Wt Tiave already befuiv Ui Jfi writing for instance. 
U74- Hfrant if cat merit uf finaJi-sH prisoners There, is a nether ffr.r 
from same of the IJmisih nffimrn s howing whoTh-. British ufficpr la 
ami laying what ht-'said 4ouuL Lfi7~trgalniirnt WnIL I have rnndifi l 
gium- eJea* to you, 3 hoy.-. Ltmi you w jlinotbe !iJJflwejLJg_giL_iPti 
beyond a half day; and now the Tnbunfi^TTradjcmrn 

J .4 rere.5.3 W4) la^'VTJ i 

TriE PRESIDENT The Tribunal wliJ niii sit un Saturday mat- 

DR.LATEKNSER Thr KuMian Prosecution, on 11 February IS40 
mud* cilBrgpa nKnCEminfl thf Jobbing of eorpiCB [Volume VII. 
f'u&rk £tt and »*>■ Evidence to the contrary is provided by Affi- 
davit* 1136 W 1I3H 

Trw> Russian Pns*e*utnan assert* that Soinoi prisoners of war 
VLijjnr forced lo iert* »i ttfti German WuhrmacM In this eonnectLDn 
! refer to Affidavits 1 119 to IZW, mfhich shu* that in «nc year alone 
I hi: fmmtiL-J cjt vulmiii:cra was p&O.Qflfl man , 

Cm Ihe iJJLDjBCl of Lhe ttealniunl of pnaOftME in the home area, 
] refer to Affidavit 120E to 1213. 

CM the subjoct of &p*ci a l mEaiiirM <af ttir prevention of «- 
cessei, I fcltfr U» AlM^vjt* 1214 to lSlfl. 

D«tru4iiiun and j&a#eail 1 have iiftdtvided my material mw 
f vfl ii-C lions: 

L AJlcgeo destruction and de*«Taliuri of churches. 

2. Destructions dimtig the advance in the East, 

3 Alleged dcalrurtJDr and plundering of cultural monuments 
and cultural sites. 

* DtatructJuna during this retreat . 

S Plundering. 

Affidavit* iaitt lb 1^33 refute the assertion at the PjcH-uutinn 
concerning the destruction and dtsccrHtieui of numerous i&urchc*. 
Meat til the churches had alrt-ady teen destro yed o? h»d already 
oTT-r. ri..-.uO ; ai?d'by Qfiinj; tumed tntu warehou^a, WttrkEhopl, ^ »i 
,.rhun mwariL-^ j r.to'"uUit?Lii1 mtiacmns . Alltdavita U01 to U--1 
give evuirncr of Thi* Dnnn^ thr pp Ireal. chuttflrt weie especially 



IMT XX J 396 



-2S6- 



priMerted. Affidavit 1324. Affidavit* 1335 to IfcA prove that in fact 
the churches neie restored Id thnr relinmm purpose 

Special pfuterupii of cfiLurehtig id ifcf Frtndi campaign, U»t p*e> 
venuoxi of a major fir^ in ihr Cathedra J at Rouen by order of a high 
military commander U shown by AiildairlU 134W tu 13W 

With reference t« Section 2. Affidavits 135-1 la 1401 deal with 
dcfLnittwjis during tin* advance. Affidavit J3&4 to 1362 ptovu the 
organized work of Soviet eommmdjia whu were charged with 
dm-tmctioru boiorr the German advanc e Affidavit* 1363 to T358 
■how the treitiencluiiA d^tmctinn earr-itd out by the Russian* m 
the Donets Basin, and in the industrial areas of S la Lino, Maikop, 
ArlwiLrt, Diuctrroi^lruviia, Kjlvoy-Hcie, Ore], Orchom-Kticffrad, 
Zaporoiht. Smulctuk. Vi1eb*k Rovnu, Riga, and Khar kit v- 

In Vitebsk, accnrijji^ iu Affidavit 131.0, actual firebrand com - 
rnanduii were mi! uuo ViUuti wth caaehnc turns. Ail this refutes thr 
nsjxrrtinns of the Pi uaecuH on In tin? injuimpU of 19 February H34fc 
I Volume VIL Page 534j, 31 February iSHfl (Volume' VII. Pagr 4Qp. 
and 22 February L$t6 i Volume VJI, Pag£ 1_S4J H 

The dam at Zapnroudiu wiu destroyed by tilt' Hu.sLia.tu, them- 
wIvh. Ttu* u proved by Affidavit? 1371 it, 1384 

"The chief reason tor tkatrucboh in France tf explained by 
Affidavit 1*00. 

Deitructiom, in Greece ware net carried out by the Germ.ui 
Lroops but by thr- retreaiinji tnemy troop*, and tht* Is proved 
by Affidavit 1401 

Affidavit* 140* to 1552 deg] wiDi Section 3, destruction and 
plundering of cultural rnonuniejiu r and rkarly refute a number 

of a^erunna. 

AtftdavLL 1402 was deposed by Fit-Id Maj-sTjn] Von KuchJOr and 
nates thai art treasures we: re Laten from argaa at the front t o 
the rear and stored in n secure muatium in Pltaka y. In a ceremony 
there, tjLL-y Tvert- handed over to th#- Mulrnptilitjui of in* city. 

Leningrad DvaLrucuun wji dutermLned by military necessity 
Affidavit* Uay. to HOi ar* proof iheriraf and refute the tcstimooy 
of tfa wuncHu.'D Orbpll and Lumakiti Affidavit* 14DB Id 14 U refer 
tp the places in thr vicinity uf u-nmgrud, moat of which were 
duntroyed by Ruvjjan prt 

The fumoiia esune of Tolaim in Yarnaya Folyana waa ipaj-td 
by the Germans upon express ordnrji of GemirqJobcrJiL GuderEarj 
ai shown by Alfidautu 1412 to 141S One of iheiie affidavits depose* 
that in the HupBian victory fUm of the spring of 1B« the TcdatOL 
eaLnte waa stujWn undarruuicd aflff Ffrcarrturg The Tacnaiteoviky 
Wuai?um m Kim wm ool oJund^rc-d by iliE?UFrmafi5> Proof Affi- 
davit* Ulli li 1422 A^davKk l-l = !l to 14ft* prove that the obscf- 
valory in Bulfcowo vmt. ne^er In German hand*, and thertlune 



tm- *;■ i &M, 



^7- 



U.JL5 not plundered by the German Wcbniincht ThD observntery 

at Siemflta in the Cnmfiii uas nut plundered by German troopi. 
AcuardJiiK to Allidnvil l^B'ihe instruments "u^err rtmuved by the 
Huaiiam in tticir retreat before the German troops murdiDil in 

Destructions m Novgorod [Alhrisn'jis 1429 to M3E)|i wrcnewr 
ordered St Piter's Chiiii* and the famous Schw^rzliaupLtr Huusi 
in Riga wars iidL detiruyod by the Germans but by fire by tbe 
Puiiipn;. thtmjiL'luiifi. 

Hl^a, HevaJ, tad Ngvfiurthd Suffered heavily through Ruidiin 
bombing atiricki The church treumea af Muv^orod weir not 
jjilund. tired by German ttewpH, The Ruremu m 11341 loaded these 
treasures on a ihip whuih i&nlt in th* Wolchuw and remained 
lying there Pruof oi this Alfldnvita 1429 lu 1436. 

The monument "HXW Yeerp of Ruisid" wai treated by tin: 
C*rm#ni pormH-tly and with great care. Franf of this: Affidavitr-i 
M3fl and J44D 

An ardpr ta Mt 5EH3 villaijei in Ihr neightanrhudd, ejI Fleikpv on 

fire wii never aiveiv Proof Al(idaT>it± JA-11 lu H43. 

-• — ™ — »■ ■ 

GenendgbenL MnckrenBEn did not rub Ibe mua'um in Rostov 
of valuable pain tin fjs Proof" Affidavit $UZ\ 

Destruction in Kiev- Kiev Lime into German binds rtluJjvU;. 
undamaged. Affidavit* 1444 in U51 prnv? that Lhe. destruction 
was caused primarily by time bombs The- Gorman troopi did 
evcrylhmi; to fi|h; the Arc and rfmnvt; tiir.' iTLihc 1 ^ ft" 1 ^ ^ ^^ 
Way toe Lcflln Museum" wot 5aVeo..r"Ilij*ua to liflhl the fire wer e 
brpught__in from Germ any by airpiam ? Proof of thus AiildavltN 
1444 to 1-151 

Plundering in Tula nr-ver took place, German troops were 
never in Tula, but only reachEd the edfii: uf the city; see Affi- 
devil. Ub'l 

Affidavits 1453 to 1483 refer to plundErinc, and dcfttruirtlfen 
fluriny the. retreat Affidavit 1403 by General Wuhier ulves proof 
of the facl thai at thr 1a*1 minute the wish of a high Ru»mn 
Churth prelate in Polinvu, that chuni valuables be safeguard*!*- 



uj9 fulfil kd 

AlTidovi^ H«4 lu iS&fii and 1&51 to 159 L prove thai plundering 

of any ki.nd wan sinctij prohibited and was M. r ver*'ly punished . 
ei-'tTi if an object oi liTirtLl valuv v.~4A LnvuJvcd- 

AFfidavit SD1M by General Eberbuch it> especially jmpottam .ind 
proves thai the order given b# Hi Her In the aunxmer of 19+1, that 
CVfetytbing wai to be 0e r .ii™yf!d in the retreat Jr«TTi France will 
rot enrrW cnil by the comnUintlur-ifi-chLuf {it the 7 th Army in 
agreement wilh Field Ma rah a 3 Model 



1MT KXI 4WJ 



-1SK- 



31 AUfc U 

For the I Lab ah theater *pf war, there ib the icuimony of wiL- 
[iHSts Ktsselring and Wiiiziilentr, and in addition,. Affidavits SOUS, 
3025, and 3KB ,< whi* mhav that" 

(1) citufs of cultural value were evacuated in good turn.-. 

(2) Ml treanurejs fnrai Mutil* Cassinrj, Ravenna, Bbh>filtfl> and 
Rimini were proipeled and remctvud ia safety; 

t3> the destruction of industrial instatbUuns, whjch had teen 
ordered, tfiu nat KiJTjgd MX* and through ih* pejrsnnal InlervLntion 
ot m. German genera] ihe port ol Genoa was saved tram being 
blown up. Thiit is ■hewn in Affidavits Wflftj 3025, and 3Q2fi, 

I shwtd UJce to refer lo Dntumimla US&B-H5. USSR-JfiB. and 
General £t*fl Numbtf 19 eorHained in my daeumeiU book. The 
WeJanniidiL communique of 18 May 1S4C show* that Louvain wu 
token after hard fis*Hmg Thli explains Urn damage ls> the uni- 
versity al Lou vain, which the witness Van der Essen believed he 
could: attribute to arbitrary acts 

Treatment of the Civilian population: *£he Russian prcsrcutlon 
ha* asserted, «n B Febmajy iWfl, thai the diTECLiirci for the 
"Barte.rossa!' order called for ilte physical destruction of people 
under luspicioja (Volume Vll. Fn&* I'm, In order in refute ihu, 
I refer to Affidavits lflQl, ]6Ql-a. arid IflOl-b, uihiCTL show that 
frequently the dvath ljfnatty wag imposed icr cXEcsar.-^ especially 
in p ntfv af rape. 

IflOl-e qHcW evidence of IhfCc death aentenr&S toi cniltes cam- 



. {pitted aeaimn ■ Husaiatt, tarrul y 

It Is lifted, ot\ 14 February I9H^ thai the German Wehr- 
jnsuh.1, an I July 1941. carried out * ma** killing In Lvov 
■ (Volume VII, Page 454], I *efar to Affidavits lflO-2, 1603, and 1604 
which show thai when lhe German troops mainched in, many rows 
oj partly ntuLilaLed curpiea were found, and Were viewed by 
several genvrais. 

On t Juiy the 4&th Mountaineer Corps toflk sttpa afiajnal the 
maltreatment rf'Juw* by the local Uhrmniani According 1u the 
Prosecution ipctch of 15 February 1Mb 13£,4>00 corpus were hu<J 
to be found in the **Ui of SfluSjik (Volume Vfii P*gw 46&-4GG) 
Evidence to the contrary Affidavits 3(WB and 1607, ihowinjf that 
espec ially flppd relations existed wiLh the pupuJaUun there Amitnjv 
(.ithrr things, the famud Cathedra] jt Smolensk wa£ rcilor*-d and 
rpaperifd During 1hf rol rcat la rge mBEsea of Ihe papulation fa l- 
lowed tile German _lr m»L)s jifiainsL Jho wJEh of the eommuilderc Thai 
la proved by AifidnvM 1G&H. 

Accord m« tcv trie aiwrtions- madr op t ^i ^bruaiy 1946, 1*5 
children w«rr pqistined wtfUl; txifl.ee and caki .*1 Kc-rtdi (Volume VIL 
Fag* 403j Evidence to the contrary; Number lSGEt, an affidavit 



tffl XXI 4nJ 



■2B9- 



D Aul ll 

by General Konrad, a-hjeh alio show* thai j-clniumn with the_ 

population of the Crimea Were especially g«id ; reler parliTuJ ar J y 
L Affidavit* Iflll and 16 IS in thia COnnection. 

Acrarding tn |he assertiion of the Prosecution on lb February 
1MC, a cruel alarm order «ai utsued by the ttsmnimiter of Fcodosia 
and uLitructLoDJ, published bv the '26DUi Infantry Division CVpl- 
lime VII, Page 499 j. Evidence Affidavit 161*-a, which show* that 
a £ft0th Infantry Division vtm never atationed Ln t he Crimea, 
Supplementary proof: 18-14. 

In the PtnsecuUon'i ease of l> February '194fi repris-aU in Kiev 
in 1941 are ttmntioned (Volume VU, Pntfe G03). 1 refer on this 
point to an affidavit by General Van Obrtfddsr, Number 1*15 

According to Affidavit 1 Glfl, also deposed by General Van Qbft- 
f*lder, German troops nave ■ubstantlal aid to an Insane asylum 
Which presented a dreadful picture of negligence, at the inmates 
hari LiMTi li-fi lis IatjI* after [hHrtLfteJvra. 



With regard id the aliened murder at 33,[lDCi Jaws in Kiev. 1 
refer to Affidavit Number MB5 deposed by General Heim. Hr 
knows of no order to 11 tat effect 

In the autumn of 1943. 3Bi,uoO persons axe tiltegtd Id have 
been kdled in mass exircajtions and m gas vara in Kiev For eounlej-- 
evld«nw I refer tc Affidavit* llL6-a p lllft-b F and 1116-c, which 
show that the Wrhrmacbt. neve/ possessed any jras vans - 

According Lo the record of 15 February 1946. the military com- 
mand in Stalingrad syw-ed deaLh everywhere I Volume VH, Pig* 5041. 
The state ol affairs in Stabngrad I s ascribed in Affidavit 1 617- 

The accusation is madu on IS February 1SU8 that the German 
Wetirmidit drowned 144,900 Russians in thl; St A [Volume VII, Pages 
5**~340] At another point, 1 4-3 .000 CltlfBftl are again mentioned 
a$ havuiy been token nut lu sea on terries and then drowned J 
refer iti Affidavits JG0&, 3007. 3140, 1*SS, and IKS-*, which s-how, 
among other things, tbaL the shipping tpace wjj.jtpijudeq.uajp 
that T\o\ even the tuppliw at the German trooni caulri be -mutely 
handled by way of Ihe water and thai the aix transport service 
had to help out. 

It is asserted cm Z& February UHG H RULte gene rally, that 
the Wcbrmacht porndpalwd In the persecution of the Jews 
(Volume Vll I, Page 294). t refer lu Affidavit 1629, deposed by 
Field Marshal Von Kudiler, who describes si great length the 
absolute refusal of thi 1 We hrmnchi to take paJt m iueh ihing s, and 
lis endeavor* lo laJte measures a gains? excesses 

Affidavits 10.30 and 1AK! art of signiHeance rfi thu connectUm, 
l,hey testify especially to the medic J] help provided against thj - 
■*nsh ol certain qu&rtrn. during 3 lyphm rpidemjL artton'j; ihc 
Jews To show Lhal nu orders were uSSUed for ihe killing 



J NT XXI *$* 



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THfl typical piocE of Holocaust "evidence" consists of n Communist "reporf aripinallv 

written in Russian, 



■UHi-U 

-hit* - 

CERTIFICATE OF TRANSLATION 

I, Frank A, Esterkin, AGO No. 20073. hereby certify thai I am 
t horoughly ennvcraflnt vri\h the English and Russian [anfluagtg ; and 
thflt the above is q true «nd correct tratsslan-m of Documtrit No. 
USSR 60 (1], wilh the exception of Enclosure 1, from beginning to 
*i . .(Without regard t a the black market prices)."; Enclosure HI from 
beginning to '". . . intervention oi Dr.Hncha, however we]l reasoned 
they wire.' 1 ; and Appendices fi,5 and, 7, which art rnssilng in the 
Russian text luhmitted to me 

12 January 1948 frank 4. EjtJ erkiTj 

Frank A. Esterkln 
AGO ET 2QQ73 



DOCUMENT MOl'l-USSN 

SUPPLEMENT Nt/MBEH 5. IS DECEMBER 16 li, TO THE CZECHO- 
SLOVAK OFFICIAL REPORT. "GERMAN" CRIMES AGAINST CZECHO- 
SLOVAKIA." [SEE 9&8-FSJ: THICK'S RESJJONSlBlUTY FOR CIUME3 
AGAINST CZECHOSLOVAKIA j 

EXPLANATORY MOTE; 

'.I r i r Rmiini 



The ActlvltLei of the Deiendint Wllhfllm t'BICK 
Wlllielm Frick, former Reidwm InLiter of the. Interior, btcorne 
in Augllit L943 10-called t^CichjiprotiKto? in Bohemia and Mnravia. 
SlmultaneuLuly with this appointment, Hilltr a Leg reorganised th*; 
poiillon, duties and rights \it the R°ichsprotector By vjnui 1 oi this 
rEorgirtlsalion the ReJthif p. reflector became in future the represent- 
ative of BltEer in his character aiChdcI o( the Reich, ll was hi* duty 
to confirm the member* of the so-called Protectorate Government, 
ta nominate and dismisji German affinals in the Protecto n te auid 
decide On their superannuation; hii competence extended further to 
amnesty and abolition- 

From the point ol view of Ciecho-Stoirakia, Wilhelm Fnek has 
Kilo been, guJlty La his character at Minister of the Interior Frick 



wio alrtildy Minister of the interior In Jinuary VJ112 

Already the Deere* of HJller of UO.t930 (RGBL 1. page 1331) 
regarding the Hdnurtutrmtion a! the SudetervGenmii territory bears 

IMT XXXTX 355 



-291- 

Dvat hi If the Soviet documents are "photneopics" of German 
d of union ts which havt bun "cfirlHierJ mjnutne" by tfw RuiAtini. 



der drulvchm Gesdbid-jtr. Er Let iber jucht pl&tzhch erJt&mrrjcru 
londern er hut huf mindtsleii* 1.6C0 Jahne oite OberUeftrufig. Dei 
Sinn der germaritsdifcn Geschidilr hul nunmehr wiedpr Jrtio Bahn, 
et h*t diesen Oalcn btkommen, und er f&hrl diwen Kneg mil detf 
vollfn BewuBtidn. riaU direer deutache Ltbetwaum, der dttrt 
tlJcJimpfL wOrd.cn k&l — gam gleidi wlr dit po3iUsdic Form Binmal 
ydtti IMhret beaUmml werden mug — raernaLfl mehr den deulKhen 
Kiindcll tntrungrn werden kann. daJ5 dJerer Lebtnsrawn JCLr i miner 
die Sichemng der Erne h rung, die SichErrung der Rohjrtol!e fUr 
IVutSChiand und fur Euro pa darfilL'lJl, daQ hl«F die naUDlial- 
iDEifllistischc Wcllanjchfluuiig *ich trprobt. wid datl much djesem 
Riesentaum wlrklidi cm gToBgermantschcs Deoj Lichen Retch entsitht 
Und w[t tilt. mtLne Kjnreradcn. durfrn., gkube Ich. am Eji.de ume'res 
Lfebeai lagen: Auch wir mud stoli r dibei gewesen xu Kin 
(tiiirmiachcr Beifsll) 



DOCUMENT itt-USSK 

FILE MEMORANDUM BY EOHMAMN ON A CONFERENCE WTTH 
HI-HTR 2 OCTOBER lB4ft, CONCERN rNG THE GOVERNMENT GEN- 
ERAL FRANK REPORTS THAT THE JEW5 OF WARSAW AND 
OTHER CITIES WERE SHUT UP IN GHETTOS, ECH1RACH WISHES 
SO.CTO JEWS FROM VIENNA, GAULEITER KOCH THE POLES AND 
JEWS FROM THE zrECHEMAU TERRITORY. TO BE TAKEN OVER 
HV THE GOVERN WENT GENERAL. FRANK EMPHASIZES THE LACK 
OF HOUSING, CLOTHING AND MONEY: HITLER EXPLAINS THAT 
THE GOVERNMENT GENERAL ES TO BE A RESERVOIR OF CHEAP 
l.ABOK FOR GERMANY: THE POLISH INTELLiaENTSTA IS TO BE 
KILLED 



Hm1, It ill ulnar ion Jtt S<.»j.-mdLrn AiikllE.^' mi nting 

::--.: Gthcm! :;:-::- Berlin, den I 10 1B4D. 

Bo- An 

Atttrv PTmcrk. 

Am £. 10. 1940 pnupaim filtfl nach TlSCh 111 cJflr Wrjhnuiifi ties 
FiiTircrj *lHL- Untrrhflliurg ubvr difth »-! Chirakler dei Guuvern*- 
rnenu, ::-;: Gbeir die ::-:: Behandlung der Fojtrn :>-: und uber 
dit vein Fiihrer bt-reili ftngeordnett :.- .: Ablttrlun£ **r Kjeife 
FMnkmi und Temi«how in den Wirthcgau. :>:: 



IMT XXJtIX %25 



♦292- 

Another photocopy certified genuine by the 
Soviet Wat Gtimit* Commission . . 



DOCUWEPfT ftlB-USSR 

QREER BY THE LOCAL COMMANDER OF FLESKAY TO THE UNIT 
LEADERS IN TEIE EAILWAV AND FIELD-TRACK RESERVATION, 
16 NOVEMBER 1JH3: ALL CIVILIANS WHO BEHAVE SUSPICIOUSLY 
IN THIS AflEA ARE TO BE LOOKED O.M AS BANDITS AJJD SHOT 



ME5CBREI8L~NCi 



PliiHPir*fllilE. IheIuj JpieI ran_<tri towlttm&rii KrLcmfcrbrgd^ti-KinriiiLiiilm t I 
Ecke a wi Mr (hi) I I a Aki L uiirl e Ah* 2 \uw l t r »«..! tldSlriir ihtl 



SuridortkomjiiHJidHntyr Pleskau iti tiovemhe-r UH3 

Abtla 

An. a I L *- EinhtltsJUbrer i m. B a b n - U n, ci 
RnllbahnaehLtli 

Ei urt erwiesen* daJJ ZLvJLperamen — violfach Friluen und Miidchen 
— KundfldiBfterdienJtt luc die Band J ten Itlaten. [jiinstige Mpglich- 



«. U .rti U . *m. . ..m n .a B .^ ^n+ Ml I JJ, I <u 4. >| uuniTll MflU » F fcfVfl CIl CI J LU 1 If 111 

adcr Belfast Sprenffladungtn in Objekten a [>fc>rlngcn, 
Jth bcfchlii daher 

1.} AUe ZLvLtpwritrnfin, gleqchviel weJchen AlLcrs und Guschlech^, die 
uliT dem HialuikdrpeT oder in der Nahe betroffen warden, iind als 
Banditfili m betrnqhtm und XU erachieBen. AusEjenjomTnen 5ind 
flelhq±vei^tiin,dlicii Jit AriHdlfikDlonnen unier. Aula lent. 

i.) Mis Person nn wie unlEr 1} genannt, die slch tiutirbifeE bewegtni, 
Bind eu cfsddiiGeji. 

3..J Alii: PensoriEfrt. wie unter 1], die htn Nacht oder in der Daffi- 
meruns sen aui StraQcn bcflndiin, sind to ersctuelten. 

4.) Bel Tajje sind did unter I) genanjilfcn anl Straiten bclrofTenen 
Ferwmjn fe-stnune-hmcMi und ptialichifc tu iiberpriLrefi. 



Der StundortJcDnuTuindiiiii- 

U|i trnrfo riii {mill 



IMT XXXIX 272 



A cEiiifitil phoincopy til a minifiographed document 
which tfri Russians say Is genuine . . 



— «*iii i — 

Ali VtrBettLingsmaBsniihmtn ordfKte ids an, dass durch die Gend.ir 
men? in den uin hi: linden Qrtiriuiftun urfcTl eMe ttnerpriifunn 
sanillidher btrelti enTla-isentr Kjjl. auf ihre politifdie ' BeliiifiUiig: 
wahrLtid der SowjetzeLt dufchgefuhrt wiirde und 19 AJstLvLittn und 
KP - Mitglieder au£ djwen ft-eihsn (KlgenomrriEm und detr Srander- 
bqhan'dlLirig lUgefuhrt warden. AuM*rtfsm ertEilie I eh Strmschirf 
Xnop AnweisutigeTi und RlduJinien far die Dtirdifuhnirig weiterer 
Exckutltinen. 

But mcLnem Einlretfen in dcr AusaendLciuUtfrUt- Barditsehew wuren 
die criChassenen Kalntraden in emem hATg<?riohlcten Xotenzimmur 
wOrdiH oufnebuhrt. Per Dienatilellcnleiter bai dLtrch die Wchr- 
mncht in Berdktschpw Sirge erhslten, sodii* am 21.12. die VTtoRj- 
ftthmng der erschosfiEnen Komeracten nath hltr *Htolgt!n foO&ft*. 
ni*. n.irj,nt-riiTirt *Ttn^ iin hnnHfrpiLTi TaPit urn 14 t-Qir aul -licm HeLdcil" 



±i*L'i- u-h.m^ h*, ■■ 



fnedhof dcr SS utld FqLzbI i fi Hcgewald sX.rH — 

SS-Obersturmfiihrtr. 



DOCUMENT 3.i3*U£SR 

OKW DECREE. EG JULY l!M2. A^ 1 - SOVIET FfttSONERS OF WAR 
JlRE TO BE TATTOOED FQK lUENTIFICATIOW PURPOSES 



yinmiaf-jpliift f!tht_ Vrfr, ln-fclintiiel mil Her 5n» f tJa-t-rtl .^HneTErirtmue I 

Hrirr. Si I ii Urih'm hf, ■ Rumt-Slp mit Itch * I n* r I i+i r n : , b Ohn i Inh Eluli- 
|i4ll|iri. Grhrimr* 5t»HH|»MtklriiTl1'* (Veri) I r ufE" DiUJIW 3t]i ..FK. AK, PR, 
BR SB** l«H" linlcrfrngtidflr^ ^Ami V[. Uh'irh. AnlijEH* 3. AL"-t. 1*12, V| E I" 
l^'uriMr hi|: ^rtAt urvinrEn Slp-RJ i<*t\ P'ft UHl 



D*5 r ChisI der Slehnhcitipol Lxei B* rlin, den 3fl, JuB 1M£ 

u,nd dea SD 
IV Ate— BNr. 998T/4Z. 
An 

bIIb StaatapolinEi-ItLt-ileHtn, 
n11*> Kr irmr.ulpolL^fj-ttit-iteLlen, 
ditf 5D- {LeUI Abachnitt*. 

die Horn mande urc def Sj dl<?rhci LspOlJ zei und dflfl SD.. 
den VtirhmduiigHfuhrtT bttftlK^mn^Hndeur der K rifrgsselangcncn 
Lm CKfntfraLguLJVL'l-nGJnenl 33"Slubnf. Lliks 
in Lu-Jalin, 



imt xxxix m 



Won Cummunist "flvidancf" . , , 



DOCUMENT 0J6-USER 

EXTRACTS FROM THE REPORT OP THE YUGOSLAV STATE COM- 
MISSION FOR T1FE INVESTIGATION OF CRIMES COMMITTED EV 
THE OCCUPIERS AND THEtR COLLABORATORS, J» DECEMBER 1945, 
TO TKE INTERNATIONAL MILITARY TRIBUNAL 



EXPLANATORY tfOTEl 
ftr, K . Srrbft.Kri»lini 



JUGOSLAV WAR CRIMES COMMISSION 

REPORT 

to 

THE INTERNATIONAL MILFTAJlV TRIBUNAL 

Number^ 



REPORT 

FROM 

THE JUGOSLAV STATE COMMISSION 

for the Invesliga tian o! Crimes commited by the 
Occupier* and their Collaborator* 

TO 

THE INTERNATIONAL MILITARY TRIBUNAL 

IN NUERNBERG, 



THE PLANNED CONSPIRACY FOR THE 

ENSLAVEMENT A^TJ DESTRUCTION OF 

J UGOSLAVIA.— 

1. — Th? Government of the Third Retch n n ii 
Hitler' s Party Orffjini:. ed (*rrelly the Gor- 
man minority in Jugoslavia, — 

>.. Since lSJUO, they had their owrn. national organization ealipd 
"the Sehwaebisch - Deutsche r Kulmrbund", It was Just thii organ- 
ization f*i,d through it aiJ the Germans in JugwJavJa) that Ih* Pf«i 



INJT XXXIX a73 



Motb Russian "s rid onto" . . 



M-VUft 



Ich beschcinlge hiermlt, dass die an bHgeiujrter Anlnge aiJ> 
gefiihrten 9& unheilbtren GeLsteskrankem am 23.1U.4Ii ve^iorben 

lind, 

IV. 

F.d.R-d.A- ge=.Kirete 

IWridihft <nrli 55-$lubaf. 

» K«n*Leiangest 

druckerEi Riga, Herrmann-Gun HR-Sti'- 6- 16 3 L 42 7 All. 1758 



DOCUMENT WMJ5SH 

STATEMENT BY STEFAN KUROW&KI. POLISH GOVERNMENT 
OFFICIAL, NUREMBERG. 1 FEBRUARY 1B4*. CERTIFYING THAT 
POLISH WOMEN IMPRISONED IN RAVF^SBRttCK- MECKLENBURG 
CONCENTRATION CAMP WERE SUBJECTED TO PAINFUL AND 

MUTILATING FH VSIO-PATHOLOGICAL- EXPERIMENTS 



EXPLANATORY H0TE* 

Prig. Hh*i«ij »'-ri i^ j-« "f «Tl/.r,.J .ihotn. n.hmHHML In I* rrurTlf lH^I'l 



Ml- r*|ii 



3 J 1J I. 



Cert ifl eate 
The Central Commissi dh for instigation □! German Crimea in 
Potqnd under participation of the President of the Central Commis- 
»mn. Mini iter of Justice Hemyk Swiatkowski, Professor of CrlmL- 
noisy Doctor Stanislaw Eatawia, Doctor Stanls^w Plonk L, Judge of 
ths District Court in Warsaw Miktfaj Galfter, Doctor Alfred FidEr- 
kieiwtci and the expert physicians: Professor of Forensic Medic me 
Doctor Viclor Grrevo-Dabrowski artd Professor Ductot AdarllGrutlfa. 
invest [gated the circumstances, under which physrid-pathQ-lnHteal ex- 
periments with Pollih women of the concentration camp Raveas- 
briKck/MEddeJiburg took place. 

The Commission In terrogaled 5 women who were inmates of thla 
camp during the time 1342- 194S. 

This interrogation, the medical examination and ludiclal Investiga- 
tion resulted in the following: 

The Concent ration Camp Etavenihrueck ww a place where large 
suite forced phyaio-paihoJoiical eanerimenlE wert earned out on 
living human being* 



IMT XXXIX M3 



.;m„_ 



&) Jarivi(ji Diidf>. IT ymn of ig? t Waraw. 24 Piui XI Str«ei. 

On 22 Nav-moer 1042 opera Li on of the right 1b fj wu carried out. 

Strong twilling, elevated temperature, unconsciousness, After 4 days 
incision heavy puruLiml dutch a rjje. Knr-e became unmouahle — tool 

flj Heiena Heger, 7U years of age H resident of Warsaw, 2.46 Cro- 
chnwuka Street, 

- l*«r a - 

til November J&42 Optra him Fever higher than 3fl degr. C. Experi- 
ments wpi'i* performed every two weeks DmchHrjje lasted for alat 
months, 

The wounde have bet-n opened one after the Olbtr and the physicians 
induced inflarnrnMory inferti&UE material 

AcLiurding In the- Pet JO 1 Code and the Decree of November 11H5 
abuui the Central and District CDmmksiona for Investigation □! 
Gtnnan Crimes tn Poland, Law Gazelle ol the Polish Re public Ka-. 
and is * supplement lo the report of the Pu]Lsh GoverriinEii l cif 
22 January 1MB, submilted to the InU-rT-.aiiar.ul Military Tribunal 
according tp Article 3i of the Statute. 

STEFAN KUHOWSKl 

PLENtPOTETBTlAJtY OP THE POLISH GOVEHNMEKT AN D 
PRESIDING MEMBER OF THE CENTRAL CUMM15S1QN 
FOR THE INVESTIGATION QF GERMAN CHIMES IN 
POLAND, 

Nuremberg 

1 February IMS 



C r i 1 1 1 1 c a l i! ol TreniUtion 

i, Frank A. ESTERK1N, ET 2W73. hereby certify thai I atn 
thoroughly conversant "with the English and the RuHian 1anEUftEe5 
and that the above ta a true and correct tTaniiatson of Document 
No. USSJl* 40ft. 

EWerfcijl 

FRANK A, ESTEHK1N 



irr soo73 



IWT XXXI X 



Hfl 



. S ? 



jpfi U>sn 




c above ateiurei are Dh PtograoBa gH^*^ KmiKpfaufr. _ 
ci';y of Ihi' npert physicum*. Prof. Dr. Vklo-r CnEtJ 



1 cctHLv tN.yt.lhfL. 

L*l< til in in*: prFMrfiT 

Dabrew*kl and PrCl. Dr. Adam GrUUtt 

KvrouMtki 
STEFAN KllHOWSKK 

PLKK [POTENTIATE OF THE POLISH G^V^KWMfljT 

PHES1D1WC M&MB gH OF THE CENTRAL COMMISSION 
FOR THE INVESTIGATION OF GERMAN CElMES IN 
POLAND. 

1 Frbrutor "« 



AND 



IMT XXXIX 



507 



298- 




*tt>l -.<-, 





3 ll-jTlIv thut ir=ti ntJO-L-e piciurw avf T?hptoE= recti* af VaJvlg* Daido. 
Uikcn in the prtsenee oJ! Lhc ?KtftTt phyftldanli. Prol. Dr. Vlclnr GnEvo 
Dabrawski attd Frtd Dr Atlwm Gnjtjss 

STEFAN KUROWSfU 

FUHIFQT£?<TIABY QL ti-jx polish government a«d 

PHEfclUlND MEMBER Of THE CENTRAL, CCMMJESiOTV 
FCH THE IKVESTJGATION Or GERMAN CRIMES IN 
POLAND. 

KurtmbctJ 

I FttJruSry 1*41 

IWT XXXIX 



MADE IN RUSSIA - THE HOLOCO$T 



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One ftHidflvil from an army officer or noliticel commissnr 
was 01101150 id certify any dMumsnl bs gonuini al any tima 



jjn M 



of 30 April lfl'H the Tribunal will «( that B32 fcilogrami of crystals 
were «nl F giving a net weight of 555 kilograms. 

THE PRESIDENT: Wut Is this document that yau have Jujst 
put in? 

KL DUBdJST. The 30th of April IB+i, out I am taking them at 
random, 

THE PRESIDENT; I am nut asking the date. What I want to 
know h what is the authority for this document? it comes. do#a 
It not, from one of the committees ret up by the French Republic? 
M. DUBOST: No, Mr. P^sLdent, The Document La an American 
document which waa in the American archives, under the Document 
Number lanl-PS. 

THE PRESIDENT. ~St- Dubost, IhLS note at the bottom, of Docu- 
ment i,SiJ3-FH wan bat on the original put in by the United States 
was it? 

M DUBOST: No, Mr. President but you have b&fore- you all 
the originals under the number which the cSerfc of the Court has 
juai handed you. 

THE PRESIDENT- tlnles* you have an affidavit Identifying 
these ariijlrinlfl. the original 1 ? do not proy s Ihurfue;^^ You have got 
to prove Ihws documents wh ich you have lust hzncVd UP in ljJ 
p : ;hcT by j r.Un--^.'j! ■ liy an aliid^vH. The dm urnfinls ara documents, 
but Ullj da til-I prove iiuMfiselvH 

M DUBOST: TheKu document* were' found by the American 
Army ami riled in tho archives of the Number* Trial, I took 
them Irom the archives at the American Delegation, and I consider 
them to be as authentic as alt the other documents whirii w«k 
Eleil by my American colleagues In their archlvea. They were no 
doubt cap'-ured by the American Army. 

THE PRESIDENT: There arc two paints, M. Dubosl. The ibest 
Ls, that in the case of the original exhibit. 1553- P5, It was certified. 
wc imagine, by mi officer ol the United Snilffl i. Tries* documents 
which jou hav* now drawn our attention to are not so certified by 
anyone" ad far as Wc have been able to see. Certainly we cannot 
take Judicial notice of these documents, which ore privats docu- 
ments; and therefore, unless they are read in Ccmrt, they cannot be 
put in ev idence. That can all be rectified very aimpdv by such a 
certHlcirte or by an afiidavi; i n.^x.n j these doc umcTlU and thowlnfl 
ttal they are wialnfiOUS~l» the document which is the United 



"_ Jh. I I s ' ■• " ' 



M. DUEOST: They ire all United Slates documents* and they 
are all filed in the arrfiivB of Hie United States In the American 
Delegation under the Number 1G53-F5, 

IMT VI 333 



the iflldavit or certificate simply stales wtarn itie 
document tfuas "lound". and that it is "genuine". 



m Jin. m 



THE PRESIDENT: The American Document PfumbEr 1553-PS 
ha* not jet bee.T mhiTiELEud in the Tribunal: and the Tribunal Is of 
the ovinia n that thpy cannot take judicial notice of this exhibit 

without eny further certification, and thtfy Uviixk that -reme shor t 
alfiduvit id^ntL Ey jdg the doe .j merit mu^t bs ma.de . 

M. DUBOST- l_w\ll request my colleagues of the American 
Prosecution to furnish LI n.^ijM davi t. I did nnt think It possible that 
this document, which via£ clawLfled In their archives, could be 
ruled QUt. 

This purpose al extermination, moreover, does not need In be 
proved by thia document It us suffic-LeniTy euUblished by the 
tBtimnhy which we hnvn submitted to the Tribunal. The wltnesa, 
Soix, apoke these wards: "No one is allowed to leave this camp 
alive,. .There Lb unly one exit, and that is the thimndy a[ The 
crematorium." 

In Document F-Ml, Exhibit dumber RF*331 r Page 4fl r at the 

ton nf the page, pire read: 

"The only eTfylJinatlnn which the 55 men made to the 
prwanere was that no raptLve should leave the place alive." 
On Page 179, the paragraph before the List of the French test: 
"The SS told us (here wm only one bjclI — the chimney" 
On Page 174 r the last paragraph before the heading -Gassing 
and Cremation": 

"The essential purpose ai this camp was the entermindUon 
of the greatest pebble number of men. It was known as the 

extermination camp " 

Thin destruction, fhji extermination of the internees, assumed 
two ditlerent forma. One was progressive; the ether WftS bruLuL 
Ti) the second document book which ta bclare- the Tribunal, we 

find the report al a delegation at British. Members of Parliament, 
dated April 1M3 r iubmltted under Exhibit Numher FJT-jBU Irom 



wmcn wi' quote tneae words {Lb,e Uilfd paragraph on PagE 29): 
"Althou&h Hie work of cleaning out the camp had gone- on 
family far over it week before our visit „ our Immediate and 
cnntlnumg impression wa.fi af intense general squalor...." 
Paf(e 30, the but paragraph but one:. 

"We should conclude, however, by stating that it n our 
considered and unanimous, opinion, on the evidence available 
to. us, that a policy of steady itaryation and inhuman 
brutality wa* carried oiii jit Bhjchenwald for a lonfl period, 
of time: and lhal such camps as this mark the lowest point 
o( degradation to whiiji humanity hai yat descended " 
Likewise, in the .report of a committee act up by General 

Eiaenhower, Document L-15 9, which WC automat under Exhibit 



IMT VI 334 



All PS documents, lor enampk are cowed by ono nWidiwil sworn bv 
Major Coogiin oil Nov 22, 1345. 

This particular document, Number SSi-PS, H a copy. I think 
1 am right in saying, does not contain the marginal note in the 
script which the original con La ma At. any rate » ia Important that 
copies should contain everything which LS on the originals. 

Then there It another matte? to *hfch I wish to refer. I have 
already said thai It i« very importani that documents, whtn they 
pre put in evidence, should not only be n umbered as exhibit, but 
thattne - exhibit numb er sh ould be stated at the tinm; and aLjO 
even more i mportant, or ns 'important, Ihnt the gcrtlfl rate cyriiiyLfig 

^--™— : ■ ■ ^^* — ' : 1— ^™ - i i ■ _i __...U. _.__.,J W.-Lm 4 tan 



origin . anJ It Is important that tha! practice ihould he adopted in 
every ease. 

The only other thing T want to aay Is that It Would be very 
convenient, both in defendants' counsel and to the Tribunal too, that 
they should be informed at least the night before- of the program, 
which counsel propose* to adopt fur Iru." following day. It i* true. 
as was jalii P that perhap* that has not been absolutely regularly 
carried out by the Prosecutor on nil accadflns: but it has been done 

J _..!■_ i «i AH .r!nn> iiii t h i pi tttv rp^jill ^tion . and it U 



*L any rate the most convenient practice* which the Tribunal desires 
Should be carried out; and they would be glad to know ubux'e all 
what you, M. Dubost, prdoose to address yauraelf to tamarrflw, ami 
the Tribunal would be very grateful to km>w how Lang the Freneh 
Prosecutors anticipate their case Will take They would like you. 
before you finish or at the canclusiDTj of your addrcaa this after- 
noon, to indicate io the Tribunal and Id the defendants' counsel, 
what the program for tomorrow La to be- 

Sm DAVID MAXWELL^FVFE: If Your Honor please, t wonJer 
if I could jay one? word m regard ti> the position n^ in documents, 
because I hid an opportunity during recu&i of CUWiJltinfl with my 
fi-|*n^ Mr.Dodd, and also with my friend M.Dubosl All Fa iu>cu- 
mgnLs form a series of captured documents, whuic origin and the 
prui:tr.a; taken subitum: n: to the article, wpts v-..-tfi '^l ---n -2 Ni'v^n- 
U-, bv on affidavit by Major Cnogaij , which was put in by my 
friend CoLi> full Storey. It Is the submiiSLon ot the Prosecution. 
which, of courjie, it is delighted lo elaborate any tlmt convenient 
tp the Tribunal, that all audn document heme captur ed and verified 
iil that way aro ad m j :vj i b -^ . I stress the word a tfmiisibl*. but the 
weight which the Tribunal will attach to any respective documents 
li. of course, a matter at which the Tribunal woutd arrive from 
the contents of the document and the circumstances under whldi 
It came tnln being Thai, I fear, is the only reason I van Lured to 
Intervene at the moment, Lhat there might be *ome confusion 



IMT VI W1 



Documents which have bean "lou-ruT tin mil individually "certified" 
"genuine" ONE affidavit inahfls (hem ALL genuine and dial Is thai. 



■ Jin.* 

between the general verification of the do cument as a captured 
rigcma«n~w)iiG3 Is doti9 by Major Cooeafi'a affidavi t, and the 
individual certificate of translation, that Ls r of the correctness of 
the translation, of the different documents, which mppcared at the 
end or each individual American document The fact is that my 
friend, Mr Dodd> nnd I were very anxious that that matter should 
be before the Tribunal and we: should he only too delated to 
give to the Tribunal any further irJcrmat.ion which it desires- 

THE PRESIDENT. Does that affidavit of. Mai or Ow-gaii apply 
tO lU the Other series of do-rum cms, put :n by Lh7 Un.i^d Suites? 

SIR DAVID MAXWELLr-FkTE; It epphej. to PS and I think 



i l_ ia D, C..L. ft and .EC . 

THE PRESIDENT: Don* that cp.rtificati: then towe r ihia pari te- 
nia r sheet of paper which la maikad SSll-PS, and has on it no other 

5fR DAVID MAXWELL-FYFE: Yes The affidav it proves that 
tha t -uraa B document captured fro™ Gennan Sources , It give* (Br 
while process what happen* atlai I have nut troubled the Tn- 
bimil by readinfl it, because aa such we submit that [% v* admissible 
as a submission O/ ciwrae. the mailer ot weight may vary. I ^ no; 
want the Tnbu n.il tb be utKkT a misappreTv -Tmftn that every d«:u- 

— Hi was a »iU m^^^ly ; what L 5 1^rUfi*d i*. ^ L "^^-^ 
^-ripii.Tttd' doruri writ If a document mbks fiom any ul the 
^ r7 ^^ 7lt ^ E::= ^ :1 a =:i:: i : _JH i >U.,n.. flilP with amhcinty trmn 
hli^p^^nrnTnT^FiriPs n a-- corning t rtim one ol lhi»f. E purees arid 

thaT^rdlTLndn.-Ldi^Uv, i}^ HHifliflini' ^Firmrd d'Tiimrnta, ye 

do not malt* am- individual certitlEa tjpn: we depend gn Malfll 
Coagzn's affidavit 

THE PFtESfDENT: Yej, but juat a moment. Sir David, it li 
perhaps right to say In Wtaofl* l0 »*» s partBCul-r document, 
533 PS m the portion of 11 which has b«n produced, first of all 
thai the copy which wai put before US did ffcfl contain the marginal 
luidp and that it is, therefore, wrong. We ire In agreement . w th 
your snibmlssicn that it has fartn ce rtified, ** you jay/ by M^jor 
Cooe an'^ affidavi t. which ,s "d 111 ^ 11 * 1 ^ byt ' « *WW> ttipl ftBS 
nnthinfl to do - wtth iu weight. Thai u the point on which 

Dr. Exnr?r was addressing us. 

Sift DAVtD CrtAXW£LL-rvrE: So I appreciated U. Your Honor. 

THE PJLESrDEN'T: It Ji ■ document— be Lng a private document 
and not * decuman! of which *e can take judical notice— which 
has not been read In court by the United States or other prose- 
cutors, and it is AC* In evidence now because It has not been read 
by M. DuboA, 



IHT VI 362 



-301- 



■Copies" Wen prepared on a mimeograph, hi thn only thing appearing 
on tha "capv" was what tha r typed onto the stencil - 



You are appearing for thu Defendant Rieder, and the Dctcndnn-1 

Bacder. I am afraid, at the present rate will not tie in the wjIthjj 

hr,v fur •nm** ffm» 



DR. S1EMERS: Ttie rwult of thai is Uial ^ E defense wiuiisri . 
Who la not momentarily Lr.Tiiprrn.-rl. cannot i mrii:ry.mr.id lhu Cfswji- 
cxaminaljijji As to the technical question, I ask the Court to consider 
[hat I cannot follow Juilieij Ja'ckfiort on this. technical point. The 
docinmcnl is nimriigrjuMof! by mmv fi of d stmt: 1 1. In giirni-QgraphLng 
" ii^kos no dinLTuin-f *'■ all wlmlh*! 20, jQ.To. Oi 150 cop-re ar c 
prod tic ud. U makE* rm d i flV r e n r e from the- I7-Qin1 ol view prTimi'. 
dtrt-iit yr.iii-.iT'i ^ or 5 m. nut as I consider for this reason that one 
c-jn h4!rdly refer to I ethnical difficulties in litis matter. 

TILE PRESIDENT: Counsel fur the ProstMrU li pm will cffnsjder 
wha| you &ay H but no rule- haa been made by the T ribunal thai every 
dncument should be supplied l» every ^ uriv:) during crUM- 
'cxarninatian . 

CORING: 1 should Ukr lo «iy again in regard to the dorument 
that this la not . . . 

MB JUSTICE JACKSON: May 1 respectfully Mk lhat the witness 
l&c Instructed to pnswnr Ihc question and reserve his explanation* 
until his counsel lakes him on, Otherwise, this cnu-fcxamlnallDn 
cartriut successfully bt conducted, In Hie -sense ol belnjj Te£Jona.&lc 
In lime 

THE PRESIDENT: I have already explained, on *everal occa- 
sions, thai it is the duly of defendants when Ihey art In the witness- 
box,, and the duly of witness*!, lo answer quest ions direclly, if they 
are capable of being answered directly, in the *f 5 mio Li ve or in the 
negative; and if they h&vt any txptanuilon to make afterwards they 
ran make it ifler answering the question directly. 

MR JUSTICE JACKSON: I call your attention lo Hem 3. under 11, 
'"Finances,'" reading as follows: 

"Very critic*! sit ui lion til the Reich Exchequer Relief initially 
ihrougn the milliard Imppw) on the Jews and through pronta 
acerulng to the Reich from Hie Axyanizallon ol Jewish 
enterprises'" 

Tou find that in the minutes, do you nolf 
GORING: Yes, that Is there. 

MR. JUSTICE JACKSON: And you find the minutes signed b* 
Woermann. do you notf 

GORING' No, thnt it not true, I beg your pardon! Here on fei 
photostat Woermann b« ilfioed H, that is nol Bormanfi J kn<>« 
Barmann's signature well, it Is quit* different. 
MR JUSTICE JACKSON: I said Woermann 

1M? IX sm 



■ .11J-4- 



"Tbn man withnul a sign A lure, ' 



\i AprLHl 

COL.AMELN- Will yi>u ajuUVcr |ha1, Dt-feruJanl? Jj^Jm^Jjlj 
d.-.f pTiKfil i^t lj][f vim li.Lj^_ihaui:d rvmv other d-scumnnt lhni fr fta 
' ^ .-Jur^n to \ou lodav. S ihm cpffbct? 

KALTENBRUNttEH I already Hated yesterday, and atno told 
my defense ruunbei.,. Lhat these dnrunwnlc wtlt ftfrWJr SruhmiMed l4i 
me. I shoujrl know 1 1 Voday Tq b err uin degree I im Id blame 

for not hn^-inr; pftld rrjflpt AU*"nlllJii aa to whether jruch Order* were 
toued m my niunc 1 nevFr denied yeAlcrday thai I waj partly Id 
bid mi- jn lh1* ruipctrt but my pavilion tq this quenUap run be clearly 
seen from Kul ley's lestiniwy. 

THE PRESLDENT. 1 da not understand Am v.n. ** v \*,* ih,i 
the, iicni lure fln lhi? ducurpmil is nr»l vtiil-i. or that you may have 
signed it wjlhnui looking at the decreif* Which are you *ayJng' J 

KALTENSRTJNNER Your Lordshap. this document and lh}S 
decree were never Eubiruilp-d in me Tu algn uuch a documunl would 
have been eompleldy against my inner altitude towards the entire 
plubkin. My altitude irt this mailer can be *een from K oiler 1 * 
testimony, 

THE PRESlDrTNT: T am not asking you what your iimi-r altl- 

'ii-.Ii- i* I am mkiPF vdu ivhrtJii-t I rig ntnif nn ii l< wrillrH bv 

y<jlit lurid . 

KALTENBRUNNER: No 

THE PRESIDENT: The Tribunal would iJkr to look al the 
document. 

COL AMEN: I^SJllve!cwrLtli?]^iliji|j'ijr^ 

THE PRESIDENT: Yufi. let us look al the document. 

Defendant, who is Rase? 

KALTENRRUNNER: J do aol fett&Wj Vqnr Lordtfhlp. 

THE PRESIDENT, Colonel Amen, catt y&U give any Idea how 

lunc you will bf with your cross-ex ami notion? 

COL. AMEN; Perhaps half an hqur, depending on the anarweri of 
the di/Jcndanl 

THE PRESIDENT Very well. Then the Tribunal tfJH adjourn 
We wftl tit lomoj'jow at 10 uYttiok to conhnut* ilus pan of the ease, 
and will odjcuTu at lull pa*! 1£ in order to huaT Df Thorn.* atsd the 
Prosecution jpon his dpFUFTiPnti, 

fThg TrJfuj-nof ocfjtniTTU'd' until 13 April 1*1 (J at 11IQQ hoaTM.J 



JMT XI Mi 



MADE IN RUSSIA - THE HOLOCO$T 



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Porter 

MADE IN RUSSIA THE HOLOCAU$T 

Part IV 

As a "proven fact" protected by special laws not applicable to other "proven facts", the 
Holoco$t must be considered as something of an endangered species 

All one needs to endanger the species a bit further or perhaps even drive it into 

extinction is to get the Nuremberg Trial transcript and read some of it. 

1. These are "captured" "original" "certified genuine" "German" photographs. The Russian 
stamps mean that they have been "certified genuine" by the Soviet War Crimes 
Commission. The captions of these genuine German photos have been translated from the 
original Russian. — The Russian rubber-stamp "certificate of authenticity" is usually 
edited out of this photo whenit appears in anthologies. — One of the greatest film 
producers of the 20th century was a Russian, Sergei Eisenstein. — Eisenstein produced 
his 1st film (Strike) in 1924. — Eisenstein visited Hollywood in 1930, returned to Russia 
and taught in the State Institute of Cinematography (Same woman as in photo -3- but 
with white wig). — His films include Potemkin (1925)... 10 Days That Shook the World 
(1928)... Alexander Nevsky (1938), with its bold sweep of 13th century battles... Ivan the 
Terrible (1944), another nationalistic subject... and "documentary films" for the war 
effort during WWII. — The Russians had hundreds of concentration camps with their own 
epidemics, famines and atrocities. Also availabe were props, sets, extras, and costumes. — 
"Documentary proof" that the Nazis castrated people". 

2. More "evidence" from Hollywood. — Is this real, or did they borrow it from a late-night 
movie? — This is a crude photomontage. Just look at the "torso" or the soles of teh feet or 
the leg floating in the air at the top, or the long-distance torso at the right, which first 
appears to be a vague shape. The perspective also appears to be wrong. In this picture 
truly everything is a botch. — The pictures of the Warsaw uprising bear a PS document 
number and are theoretically covered by the one affidavit of Major Coogan of the US 
Army sown on November 2, 1945; BUT -- ... the fact that a document bears a PS number 
does not guarantee that it is not Russian in origin (see footnote). — The soldier pointing 
the weapon at the child appears to be the same as the soldier with the sadistic smile in the 
next picture, possibly indicating they were shooting with a small cast. 

3. In a real trial it might be questioned whether the "probative value" of such photographs is 



not exceeded by their "prejudicial nature". — Without the captions the evidence proves 
nothing... — so that all that is required is a good caption writer. — Horror- video 
"evidence" from Yugoslavia. 

4. Speer describes Mauthausen — Another witness describes Dachau. .. — Konrad Morgen 
describes Buchenwald and Dachau. — Morgen was the SS judge who shot Koch for 
making human lampshades. .. — Morgen lied himself blue in the face on other matters, so 
we are free to disregard all of his testimony. 

5. Scientifically the Holocaust is a farce. The prosecutors admitted that they lacked the 
technical expertise to judge the evidence. .. — so they told the witnesses not to get too 
technical (!) — Since victims of cyanide poisoning become unconscious and do not all die 
in the same period of time if at all, the "peepholes" would not have been much help... — 
Cyanide is lighter than air and Zyklon cannot flow through pipes (At the Dachau Trial, 
this gas chamber didn't exist). — ... an early "gassing" yarn with a "gas reservoir" instead 
of Zyklon. — Here it says that the gas chamber was made out of wood. Cyanide gas can 
penetrate wooden walls. .. — Here are 2000 people flopping down unconscious in the 
death chamber.. . — Here are the SS men looking through a "peephole" at thousands of 
unconscious people... — Here is Hoess/Broorkhar(d)t listening outside the door to 
thousands of unconscious people ("we knew when the people were dead because their 
screaming stopped")... — Here are the SS men burning millions of bodies in holes dug in 
a swamp... — What did they do when it was raining? 

6. These are the "funeral urns" which were filled with human ashes and then smashed, so 
that "every trace was wiped out" (IMT XXXIII 232) — Note the small size of the ovens. 
An oven like this could probably burn 8-12 bodies per 24 hours using coal for fuel, or 
up to 16 using oil. — Millions of bodies cannot be crudely cremated without leaving huge 
quantities of evidence. To burn a human body using wood can require up to 40 hours; in a 
crematory oven, at least 1 - 2 hours depending on the fuel. The ash, assuming complete 
combustion, weighs 5 - 9 pounds. — The "crematory oven letters" turn out to be certified 
photocopies which the Russians forgot to bring to court... — but the dimensions are only 
18 x 24 inches. — When we see factory smoke we know it is a crematorium. .. The 
crematory processes described are impossible... The chemical reactions described are 
wrong and all contradict each other. .. 

7. To accuse the Germans of killing millions of people with carbon monoxide generated by 
a Diesel motor... — is so stupid that it is not worth discussing.. . — A description of WWI 
gas chamber experiments. During WWI they were scientific, but 25 years later they 
"improvised" with Diesel engines and bug bombs. .. — Hundreds of pages are dedicated to 
"animal heat" medical experiments. Are we supposed to believe the Germans intended to 
carry prostitutes around on their air-sea rescue operations? — Typhus is an epidemic 
disease of prison camps spread by flea- or lice infested clothing. The clothing must be 
removed and sterilized. — Delirium is a symptom of typhus. 



8. Holocaust accusations fall into three categories: the impossibly ridiculous, the 
ridiculously impossible, and the hopelessly insane.. . 

MADE IN RUSSIA - THE HOLOCO$T 

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Thais Jirs "cflplyrnl" "original" "certiliad genuine" "Carman" photographs. 

Tin Russian itamps nnwn thai rhey hans haon "ccrhlied Qanuinn" by iha 
Snvim War Crimes Cnmimsaian. 

The captions of ihese genuine German photos hmo bairn translated 
Iram The anginal RiBsiart 



THE FOLLOWING FHOTOGHAJ-HK ARE TAKEN FROM THE SOVIET 
DOCUMENTS USSR'30. X,'5SR-3BB r U5SR-3BB AKI1 U5SR-391 THESE 
DOCUMENTS GIVE 50P.fK RESULTS OF THE INVESTIGATIONS OF 
THE "EXTHACHtDINAftY STATE COMMISSION FOR THE INVESTI- 
GATION AND PROSECUTION OF TTtF. CRIMES COMMITTED BY 
THE DERHAN.rA-seiST CHIMINA1-S ANU THEIR ACCOMPLICES ." 
THE PHOTOGHArilS tL'APTUF- EP GERMAN QHIUINALS! Aft* : 
CERT1FTT,P BY THE HEFF|T:S?:*TATIVE 1'F THE EXTRAORDINAR Y 
STATE COMMISSION, ALEXANDER 5MIRNOV . 

THE GERMAN CAPTIONS UNDER THE PHOTOGRAPHS ARE TRANS- 
LATIONS FROM THE ORIGINAL RUSSIAN. 



IMT XXX 



3 



3 




Oennluiiiifal rin*r AfclflllKI <t« KnintMtklullfrn *i»*-in 



The Russiin ruhbci-iiamp 'terbficatc at aufhtniicjiy" is usually cthfud out ol this 
ana whfln it tppenri in antholugiits. 



- 1- 



• ■'■' ■". 





Ekhliiidi (ilidrmi SinArlJ'«ii«o" i" tiuntn(lnili|in A*«*«lt» 



IMT XXJC 



so: 



Dnu □! tin: gfealEsl Film producer of the 20th century 
was a Russian Sergei Eissrrstein 

— i— 




HiJlliucr (tn kunarilrilianiJiiFii Auirii»ili 



4 m . /.A A 



365 



-iti.N 



EHenstein iiruriuunl his 111 film (Sulks) in 1H24 



— t — 




T,iaitt Kifilm[» 



IMT > > * 



:!■:;: 



-Jllll- 

Eisansteiii nsilsd Hullrwuori in I S3 P. niuiniri 10 flussiH 
aj\i laughl in Die State Instilute uf Cininintoyrapliy 




(Same woman as in |ihuin 3 but with white frig) 



-31 I- 

His films include Potemkin (J92G} 
ID Days Thai Shook His WihU I IS 281 



■ k— 




IMT XXX 



371 



-312- 



AidMiirifti Ne V$ ky [193BJ, wilh its bold sweep dI 13th cantory battles 



-1 — 




IKT XXX 



373 



£13- 
Ivan the TerriWe (1944). Knottier niiioiwlisiic subject 




j 



IMT XXX 



375 



-.M4- 
. . . nnd "JocumnnlBiy films \at (Ins wai effprl during WWII, 




IHT XXX 



377 



-.us- 

TTie Russian! hnri hiiiidrods of coiwmiritiinn tamps ™ih their own ipidemies. 
lammos and alrocihts. Wsn available wbr pops, set*, eiim. and PDsiumis. 




iwt xxs 



421 



■316- 



DnuuimftfarT proof" tfut the Nmis castraitsd people 



U — 



-■» 



— IT 





I>*tid Sum, Jtt J,J,„. .„, r„,frK rB l ln J 

l.^k..r;p,j, k.Mr»1„„ „,dl H(, B l l! n»L,.,n| 1 l 11 „j hflj tu* flhrfbnmri£r a 



IMT XXX 



3B1 



M4DE /A/ RUSSIA - THE HOLOCO$T 



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-.117- 
Mare "evidence" From Hqllywuod 



■M II 

J TO THE BEST OF MY KNOWLEDGE AND BELIEF TllF-SH 
MOTION PICTURES CONSTITUTE A TRUE REPRESENTAl'tUN 

or the individuals and scenes photographed, thuy 

HAVE NOT BEEN ALTERED IN ANY RESPECT SINCE TIIH 
EXPOSURES WERE MADE- 

4 THE ACCOitlFANYING NARRATION IS A TRUE STACK- 
MENT OF THE FACTS AND CIRCUMSTANCES UNDER WIHUI 
THESE PICTURE3 WERE MADE. 

GEORGE C, STEVENS - 
GEORGE C. STEVL1NS, 
LT COLONEL, AUS 

SWORN TO BEFORE ME THIS 

SECOND DAY OF OCTOBER IMS 

JAMES B. DONOVAN 

JAMES B, DONOVAN 

COMMANDER, V S. NAVAL RESERVE 

EJCHmiT m tt 



THE UNITED STATES NAVY DEPARTMENT 
WASHINGTON. D. C, 

CERTIFICATE AND AFFIDAVIT 

I, E. R KELLOGG, LIEUTENANT, DNtTED STATES NAW 
HEREBY CERTIFY THAT; 

I FROM 192 9 TO mi, I WAS EMPLP V™ *T TWENTIETH 
rBNTTTRY TOk STUDIOS IN HOLLYWOOD. C ALIFORNIA A., A 

nraRnT OROF photogra phic effect s and am faMH.iah 

WITH ALL, PHOTOGRAPHIC TECHNKJUES- 

t SINCE 6 SEPTEMBER 1941 TO THE PRESENT Wtt j* 
27 AUGUST 1945, 1 HAVE BEEN ON ACTIVE DOTY WIW ^ 
UNITED STATES NAVY, 

! I HAVE CAREFULLY EXAMINED THE MOTION I WJ 
FILM TO BE SHOWN FOLLOWING ™ ™^ ™J 
CERTIFY THAT THE IMAGES OF THESE EXCEHl J Ti> \ 

tS^gTnS: negative have not mm**" ,;-ij 

DISTORTED, OR OTHERWISE ALTERED IN ANY :P ■ ■ 
AND ARE TRUE COPIES OF THE ORIGINALS HbLU N ' 
VAULTS OF THE UNITED STATES ARMY SIGNAL LOW 



IMT XXX 4S0 



H 
I 

X 

s 




I 

i 



- 
i 



J 

i 

I t. 



■ 

i 

5 
i 

4 



This is ft emit photomontage Just look si tha "torso" pr (he solos ol the last 

di the leg I laming in Hie air at Ihe top. or ihe long-nHtance lorsti 

at thn right, which, lirst appaar? tu be a iKiguo s*ap* 

The perspective also appears lo be wrong,. In this picture truly 

(I wy thing is a hntr.li 



14- 




IKT XXX 



413 



-320. 

The picluies ot the vVaisaw uarisiny bear a PS document number 

and are the ore ttc ally coveted liy the ana affidavit ol Mijdi Coognn 

ul the U.S.Atmf sworn on November 22. 1945; BUT . . . 



Sllkiln 5; HllJfc^li.-o 



THE FOLLOwmC PlCTUftES AflE A SELXCTlQtf PAOM fHOTQ- 
GHAPHS CONTAINED IN THE ORIGINAL DOCUMENT. THE TITLES 
OF THE PICTURES ARE LIKEWISE TAKEN raOM THE ORIGINAL 

DQCUWENT- 



I NT XXVI 8tt* 



Mi- 
llie fad that a document hears a PS number does npf guarantee 
thit h is not Russian in Dug in (sei foqtnDieJ 



DOCLWENT uOS-USSH* 

ttjrpnHT RV THE SOVIET W AR CHIMES COMMISSI.™, 6 MAY $U 
THfcHE WERE USUALLY 20U.UUW INMATES AT 0«£ TIME IK THE 
EXTERMINATION: CAMP OF AUSCHWITZ OVEfl f MIJJU.QW PF'JPLE 
FROM THE COUNTRIES OCCUWUO BY Gr-HMA.NY WERt KILLED 
IN AUSCHWITZ. IN MtlST CA5E5 BY GAS IMMEDIATELY AFTPK 
THEIR AHFUVAU THE REMAINT>EK WERE FIRST USED FOB l-ABOR 
Cft TOR MEDICAL EXPERIMENTS AND LATER KILLED IN VAHIOF-S 
WATS (INJECTIONS. ILL -TREATMENT ETC I ; DETAILS RELATING 
TO THE CAMP AJ«J THE PERSONS RESPON5 r S I -E FDR THE CRIMES 



nfcsr.iiREiEtiiv'. 

rrulUl-nll Yt. W .1*1 iliwjr Librium Kf IfEivrrl.jmflrii-K lit-mii. I"'il' Air*'. 

.ilulii-r S|.TaHir I "rn Ti I V H« J»ul«b«L L l.rf.-ftuiiR 



in rip-* 



MITTEILl'NCi 

d e r AuiitrordentLicl'icfl Slaatllehen KotnmLs- 
iion mi Fesstulljng und Unte-rF.nch-ung iei 
Sthrnidutfn d*r iischijtischcn deutsuhun Esn- 
dnnglirigt und I h r f r BVl'ia rirhs'ii t -t, "bcr dlf 
ur[(h(iirfii Gririielta t en und VerbrectiMi Jer 
dsulschm RegierurK i fi Auschwitz (OjWlcslTn) 

Schcm beveip die Bat* A mm* polnLsnhei Cebiut in Obcrtshleiicn 
h'tifrelt hulls, trreiditen die Auiserci rdent hdio Kummisnon liht' 
reiehe Be rich I b ucber dss Vnrhandenseln ejnea ni-sijjen LujgfcM, 
rtM die tleutsche Ruglerunjl iur Vomlehtunfl rusiisdidr GflFansenci: 
In tLi-r Umgebung der Staclt OswiezLni (Auschwitz} wrWttel toll*. 
N"*h drr Bcfrcmnf von Pa|nisdi-5eh!«ien dui-ch Sovn>i-Trupp*ri, 
rundcn EinheiLen. der Rolen Amt«e dlfse* Liijjcr. Auf Anurdnuns 
der A ussErrordrn.il ichcn Stuatikomimgsian (und inn Februar und 
Mncrz 1EM5 dine einfehende UnliTSlJiihurvjf dor Im La«sr Von 
AumJiwJtz dutch die Deutuchen be^&nKeaEn Vertjrechen »lfttt 
PU} UnLEi-diichuttj; wurde durchgetufhrt vain Gtrichc&oKlzlEr dflr 
i. UHfLinlscheni From mil KUTrRlfAVTSEV und KUZMIN ill 



E.I. Noic: |) un.i.iF.i> ■iiiilril \n 1>"- jbjg] urn"' "ili"i »'m^ y i-rr nnl 

' ■■■I »lLli"Juiu.ir»i ■ '!■■■■■ IT-. ESE3 *'- wiimilii Minimi m"l'T I'^r 

lil.lill nil lull i •-? 



■TJsslr 



IMT XXXIX M1 



-322- 

Th« soldiar pointing Hie weapon ai tint child appears to be the samE 

as (hi soldier with the sadistic smile in |hg next picture, possibly 

indicating llicy weie iti noting with a small East. 



— t — 




■JesSi^ 



IMT XXVI 



694 



< 







llrr Kuhrrr tli" '.mmklinii 



MADE IN RUSSIA - THE HOLOCO$T 



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-324* 

In a real trial it might ba questioned whstiur thi ' 'probative value" 
ol such phdtognpbs \i not exceeded by Ihiir "prejudicial tin lure". 



UtE FOLLOWING PHOTOGRAPHS ARE TAKEN FROM DOCUMENT 
lib -430. AN OFFICIAL FRENCH PUBLICATION EDITED UNDER THE 
^Li'EHVISEGN OF THE COMMISSARIAT DE LA REJPUTJLIQUE (RE- 
GION RHONE- ALFES)" ENTITLED MEM OH TAJ- DE LOPF3ESSION.-' 
, CAPTIONS AND HEADINGS OF PHOTOGRAPHS ARE TAKEN FROM 
THE ORIGINAL DOCUMENT. 



imt xxx 



*53 



-325- 
Wilhout the caption the evidence proves nolhinq . . 



t* -*-rf 



1% 



HAC1SME EN ACTION: UNE FAM1LLE UISP^HAlT. 

— 19 - 




I* B3(, %fa*i |Ktt.J*illi, rruiiimil- 



— au 




_„ _. 






L* i-rww. Lrry, i«»ilo<i a i^MiW"', 



L« CTtaA-ftr, U|ui«. L**m. 



I^T XXX 



4M 



. so That all thit is required is 3 good caption uvriiir 



PFIE A L'HOPITAL DE NANTUA, 
— E - 




- S3 — 




IMT XXX 



49? 



-,*27- 
Horior - video J "flV)dance" fiom Yugoslnifla. 



THE FOLLOWING PHOTOGRAPHS ARE TAKEN FROM DOCUMENT 
USSRJ07. T HE REPQKT fHH 1-6? Q7 THE STATE COMMISSION 
FOR 1HE INVESTIGATION OF ATROCITIES C OMMITTED EV THE 
O CCUR VIMS POWERS A?fT* THEIR ACCOMPLICES IN YUGOSLAVIA 
PUBLISHED BELGRADE 194* 

ADCOSDING TO THE CAPTIONS IN THE ORIGINAL, FH OTO GRAPHS 
iTOi REPRESENT THE MUTTLAT1 ON AND MULDER OF SLOVENIAN 
PARTISANS BY THE GERMANS, WHTLE THE REMAINDER SHOW 
ERMAWS DECAPITATING PARTISANS AFTER SHOOTING THEM 



IMT XXX <Q3 



■328- 



- 5 — 



t- 



t*w>* 










TMT XXX 



«7 



-329- 



- 9 — 




- W - 





IMT XXX 



411 



MADE IN RUSSIA - THE HOLOCO$T 



Return to MADE IN RUSSIA THE HOLOCO$T PART FOUR 



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V a n. Sch i r a ch describes Mauthausen 



It Tupr K 

nol have many of these subterranean lVorku at out disposal, we had 
In honaf in the main this latest equipment lhurv. This equipTTjenl 
^ttuirPLi pctFccL conditions of work — aar which was dry and fre^ 
frr-m cfuse, i>cod Isjjht jnji f jC j3H ics. Lie fresh 311 3M:.Liiikilion.&, a-n that 
jhc,' coition* VL-hiLh jipnlifd lo auch a eu bit nan ran factory wr.-u::l 
be abfjul idu tiimc a a those in a nig-hl ehlfl In a regular. Industry , 

I should bit* l» add thai Contrary to the ImprcSaiJ an which has 
bwn created here in Court, these subterranean fn clone*, almost 
Without eJierption, wt-tt fcUlled with German workers, herause we 
had n Special antereat in huvlhH these modern Ln&IalluUonsMrianiicd 
by t hi" best Workers wnicb Were at nur disposal 

£>R FLACHSNER Con you telj uj about how many cf these 
fn dories I here were? 

SPEEft. II Was nn Ineignincanl number al the end of the wot. 

We wiih using 3<hU.(JCJ& square rm/tcrs of cut>urranean premise*. and 
Were planning for 3 k &D0 r uD0 square miitcra 

DK FLA CHS PER. rlcrr Speer, in the ywr ].B43 you visited the 
concent rflln>n camp nt frl fl U tl 1 a Uscn 7 Why did you visit this camp? 

SPKEIH: I learned, when ][ insperled industries at Lin*, that a\lon|; 
the= Dj,rmbu, near 1 In- ['imp eL M&uthsiuwn, a large harbor installa- 
tion and numerous railroad inilallattrjnR weMtf being put up sq that 
Ihe paving 5 [one coming fnom Ihc quarry at Mauthausen coy 3d be 
transported to the Danube This was purely a peaeelime ma Iter 
which 1 could not tolerate at all, for il viotaled all the decrees and 
directives which J hid issued. J gave short notice of an unpendin.it 
visit, for I wanted In ascertain on the spot whether this construction 
work was, an actual fact and requeEi steppage of ihc work. This is 
an example for piviufi directive* in this field even wilhin the 
economic administrative sphere Of the SS, I Staled on thai occasion 
that it would be more judicious Uj have these workers employed 
during wartime in a 51 eel plant at Lin? rather than in peace lime 
construe! ifin . 

PR. FLACHSNER: WilJ you describe the VlSil to the camp? 

SPEEft: My vjiiL oeteriillbly followed the prescribed program as 
already desert bed by thp witness Blaha I paw the kitchen barracks, 
the washroom barracks, and one group of barracks used as living 
quarters. These barracks were mad^ of massive alone and werr 
niudelg a ii far a£ modern e q u i pmcrj \ is cc?nrpriq-d . Sinec my visit had 
only been reported a short lime in advance, in. my opinion it 1* nut 



— .■■■■■» n _^~~.,., », P — t wj 6 jjji-pnaijuiLii i vuiu narr lhii jjLuut uuiul L' 

my visii ^tvcrlhc]*35 t the eomp or thp small pari of the eimp 

which I isw itmk a Jriudti) iTBprrjgiiCin of rk'jnhnggi . Howuvw, 
I did not tee *ny or the workers^ any dJ Hi c camp innuilcti. Si net tf 
Ihul Ume Ihey were b1] engaged Jn work. The entire inspeedon 



IMT XVI 4I4 



Another witness describes Dachau 



It ftl.-iidi it 



MILCH At 11 t m fc - linn- the-re wi m much talk pWt faty rampB. 
dw in Gr™™ t« &m bdTAMn vm-h-.M, lh.il 1 tfetfSed lo j^gj 
mvM'H Himmlur faiti hi* irnrmditili- <om*lll In my TOtpMi AJ lhdl 
lime Itorlirvc, DjUjbuL^-iWllicMbl wmTiilrMluh ™ P in i-hislmcc 
th'crtf 1 fuuliiiTTc!> mixt-rj pMtirlmonl el inniiili:* Oik grflfU£ 

touted or ifi^bi wSttttmifc *» lw*K«*) ofl«f*>fcs »«.« c™p" 
E ™sicfl r,r rapfe who w#*t3Hjf o&mmiiiurf th, s™ oik-n^r 
which *cj-c r,r.t crjmca-, hut di-ly ulTfWH There J*y* -wrellw* IfW 

M iKWflWi win. hnri.pirilcipaii-fl lo -ihi. H-eh„, f-^*'2^S*igS 

rum I returned (IU hnvlliB *«** b^ff. ^ had bwn P r] £ h ~ r *™ |fl P 
5A l»dcr and *y* iffiK Ml inlCTW*. Tfu- rimp, fun TO mJhtjgf 
Linrs. wivii ul -itiiI Dtpp cilv nrtiMifrrd Tluy ltr.il Uil-ii- own 

. Tfn f = <m ,> J^ i j.r, -vnl:..:.;i'n,n1 thrV frt *h r I ^ n t ia V«T Y »!■] I g 

were Itfy «h* nf this kind T caiiTiol. of to™ »y n we W.**C 
shown everything Ln lb ik large fcaiablL&hmenL 

DR KAUFKMANtf: You have ft* mentioned thai Ihr question 
hr,d hc^ dMM4 i" mlliury cirtHss. nnon( the pf^H L-ter 
When yoy returned, did you convey your imprison* nf P-Anu to 

WILCH- J s: H r«1y mentioned ihnm la anybndy. only if my mo^ 
t n tlfn a tr nmr^dos br^cfacd the suoj.el- A^ 1 Hive »id I brfwe , d"d 
not go -lone; th.ro «. W «ver H ] olhirr g.ntlern.n with ht* gfc ™ 
daubl they U musl h-ve h*d OCC^lOfl to dwutt ^ SUbwrt In 



smaller circles. 

DR KAUFFMANN: Unheard dI acts al cruelty wetd perpetrated 
in the concentrator. c*mp* V*4 ¥*■« CDim ' Lo hi ^ r oI '^ flnd ' 
50, when did yn" firfit hear of them? 

MILCH: On the dny d, ^ I W raplun* it »-u kvmIc* tj» 
me fur the fl»t tim t whEn Internes Irom *n auxiliary camp in he 
Virility wore led pail the pl-« whew I w« captured, ™\™ ** 
firA time I 5 a™ It>T mifflj#. Q* reat 1 learned m captivity fnun 
ihe various dut-uine-nt* which ** were shown. 

DR KAUFFMANN: Then il was cumplrlL-W unknown in you thul 
mtpri- than m cor, nnlr-liffi eamp* existed In German V and til the 
occupied territories. 

MILCH' It was cdrtplplclv unknown 1° n* I h» vc aU'^V men- 
tioned the t*« «mp= whe« tsiaU-nre wu knevn id me 



-V*2- 
KooriKl Mnnjun describes Burhsnwjfilrl ^nd Dachau 



i .mi* 1 « 

MQRGEN: I invest igaLpd Welmnr-HucnenwiUd, Lublin* Auich- 
Witlt, Sachsenhausen, Orniueuburtf, HertngenbDach, Krakow, P]rsE0w, 
Warsaw, and the Concentrator! Camp Dad-tan' And othera were 
^rveatiflllted after my time 

HERR PELCKMANN. How m»ny cases did you investigate? 
Hour many sentences were paused? Haw many death. ■ententes'' 

MQRGEN: I Investigated about 8GD cases;, that is, about BOO docu- 
ments, and one docurnant wnujd affect several eases- About 
2D1J weTe tried during my activity. Five concentration camp cdiu- 
maiidt'rs were arrtsled by me personally. Two were shot alter 
being tried 

KERR PELCKMANN. You had thtm shot? 

MGHGEN: Yes Apart ltatn the command lt.d, Ihrre were 
numiTo'jB oLh^r death sentences against Fuhrer and Urjlerluhrej. 

HERR PELCKMANN; Did you have any opportunity ol gaining 
personal inaight into the conditions in concentration camps? 

MORCEN: Yea h bceause I had authority to vleiI concentration 



'■.. .fJ- l . ,l "J ^~~*-*f J M ■ ta * J ■*■*/ ■" VLJ I^VJ FJ lipu hi If I -- JJTU drill IL-JI WtAl *_-■». d 1 ■ 1 T_ 

beginning Iti ll1VcaS.igB.tlan, 1 tficaminad the cnncenlratiori camp in 
question m al] its detlHl& VcT>' closely < inspect LlJg especially tllOBc. 
arrangements which Feeined particularly nripQriiant to me. 1 visited 
them repeatedly and wlthoul notice. I waj wurking mostly in 
BudiGnwald JUJeLf for £ months and have bved there-, I was ill 
Dacha Li for one Of two months, 

HERR PELCK1VIANN: Since la many v'tsilora to cuncentratlcm 
camps My they were deceived, dn you consider it possible that you, 
too, were n victim ft such deceit? 

MOtlGEN: t have juat pcunlri out thai I wai not a mere visitor 
10 n concenlratLun camp but I had self Jed down there lor a lung 
residence-, 2 might *tmo.sl Say I established myself there, It is 
almost impassible tn be deceived lor *ud\ a long U^f l" addjlion, 
ihe corn misffiortA from thr Reich Criminal Police Department worked 
Under my instructions* and I placed them diredtly ill the concentra- 
llon camps themselves. 1 do not mean to ea.y trial in ipile of these 
Very intensive efforts 3 was able to learn of all the crimps, but I 
believe that there, was no deception In regard lo what 1 did laarn. 

KEBR PETLCKMANN' Did you gain the impression, and at what 
lime, that lh(+ concentration camps were placet for the extermination 

of human bcLngs? 

MORGE1S- 1 did not (Jain this impression A concentration camp 
is not a plipce for the extormlnalion of human bunj> I moat say 
that my first visit to ■ concentration ramp — I mentioned the first 
one waa Wdmar-fiuchgnwald — was a great surprise to me. Thie 



-333- 
MDrjjen was the S S judge who shol Koch lor mekirtQ human Ijimpshndos 

1 Aii[ II 

camp is aJlualed on wooded heights, with a wandcrftd view. The 
miLiiilatlOTlS w*- rc tl^tJri and freshly rjJ'.nLsd T^'iLTe v-ai mtilit J own 
and flowers. The |irlEr.;n-r!, were healthy, nr-rmiilly fed, sun - can ned , 
working . ~ 

PRESIDENT: When are yon speaking <At Whan are you 
speaking of? 

MORGEN: I am speaking ot the btrginning of my invest Lgatlon* 
In July 1943. 

ITTtin DPT f^VHIt A UtJ ■ Qn.k< ^Iwu Ah A mrrvn rlllNWAT^ 



WQRGEN: Pardon me,- 1 had not— may I continue? 

HERA PEUCKMAKN: Please, be more briei. 

MORGEN: The install at jam nl the camp wete in good order , 

eJ-pecJully thue h capita i The £afflp a.u lh dti tjes7 under the- Commander 
t^ie-ster, iiimed a'l prQi 1 i ;h rtij; itn- prison are with an exis-lmcc worthy 
of hu-man btdngS- They had rLgular ffiJul service They had * large 
cimpjibrary. even books in lorfTjm languages. Thry had Variety 
php-^sj motion jicturpSj cjorlLn.^ runlcsts and even had at brothel . 
Nearly art the e[]-ie.t coricrm: i^"m tumps warn sjcrular to BudiEn- 



PRESIDENT: What was it they even had? 

MORGEN: A brothel. 

HERft PELCKMANN: What crimes d[d yon learn ebout* 

MORGETJ: As I said before, the inverti gat inns were based on a 
suspicion of cormpi practices, In time however > I was nbliged to 
come tp the conclusion that besides those crimes, killings had also 
occurred. 

HEAR PEUCKM^NK: Hove did you reach the suspicion that 
killings had pccuitecH 

MORGE3*P I learned thai the lUrting point for the corruption 
was the asngnimcnt el Jewi 10 the camps afler the action of 1B3B. 
I made It a point to learn sU the- po&slble fads about Lhii actLon, 
and in doing ao I found thai the majority el the prisoners who were 
suspected of knowing something about these cases of corruption, 
had died. This peculiar frequency ol killings waa noticeable; it 
Blraek me because other prisoner* who were not in any key posi- 
tions remained In Buehcnwaid for years in the best of health, and 
were still there, so that il was rather remarkable that it wis Just 
certain prisoners who might have been possible witnesses, who bad 
died, I thereupon examined the files concerning these deceased 
prisoners. The files themselves offered n-0 cities to SUlpMt illegal 
killings. The date* of the deaths were yeara apart and in each dfcp£ 
different cauiefl of death were given. But it struck me lhat the 
majority of these deceased prisoners had been put Into the camp 



Morgan lied himssir blue in tbt face w olher m»rters, sg we are free 
to disregard all of his lesbmuny. 



I W 44 



THE PRESIDENT: nr.Pclcknuinn, he said hf did not report it. 

Surely ihui is. luflirirrtl Wl dart'l want to know more about it He 
d«rd not repori. W> arc ftp! trying the WLtness. 

HERH PELCKMANN I bre. your pardon, I bp]ievL that is 3 

ml sink r, III undcnsrutuJ correctly/ He-Hrf he did report. 

THE PRESIDENT: He- said h* mfttft nu cither report, as I unricr- 
ItOod il, exfcpl this thai be ha* apofcen pf. 

MERR PELCKMANN: WMius*. w j]| j^y eOmmenI on thai* 

MORGEN: That >*; iruc. Aside from ihe- chief of thp Main OfJfc'c 
Of Ihe SS, no cms plfi? wfli Informed 

HXTLR PELCKMANN: Dirl you nei consider it your duly Id in- 
farm the public pj tg clear your consnence somehow by railing the 
Cry "murder"? 

1WQRGEN; I would have needed ucceiB I a |hp technical means 
for doing this, that I* to the prcm mn! |}i C radio, which I did not 
hove II I had blurted 1Jib( nul A! every streel rorilcr, ntJ one would 
have hphpved hie. b*$*U|£ this syslem was beyond human imaga- 
rsiion J would havi bpen lihfJdd up as JrtM-ne 

HEftR FELCKMAIWl Tim Camp DjfhJuj ^.jijk hnre drsrubr-d a? 
J pure csirnmriftiirin carrip by I'm I'mrn'ruH'oii and by certain 
wilnp-affi Iti Ihal 'lrm.'? 

■^ »■ ■ ■■■ » 

MORGEN: J brieve lhal from my Jm-fstleatlnn from. May Id 
July 1S-J4 I know the Curiam rah r:. n C.iir.p Darhjiii rather ivL'll. I 
must Ky lh.r| I had iiir npumHi- ]rnfiivg^. L in The O-i :'-"'1i nl K'ij 
Camji Pdchau waj al^a^ rnr.tjciLrcrt ri i'( -y y t i<.y.\ ,•,■■: I,, '.hi 
iiri5Diipr s ,-rn- l L-<--rr.| ,- a ri -.1 r;inm. and J ..MiiuRy Jid j»pi »n'a] 
iffi prp.'i.'i 1 5| 1 ^^ 



HERR PELCKMANN.Did you siv Ihe Inlerflnl arrangements, 
Ihe hospital und an forth? 

MORGEN' I mminud all thrsc- foci] Hn-jj carefully, and I must 
iiay the hn.npisp] ■■vlhj m uc :kr-i urU- i I i^vnl thn:i^i nW lite 
ward'. Thrrr was mi nrjl.ceatilv r.y 1 n- r 1 ■ ^d j nil, ajid remarkably 
enough t he number pf n^edicdl m^runiLuil^,vh:cVi tvci, jil EMu sFTs-irr 
of ihe p nsr,i: fJ5 ; ^5 .TsloniishiNC Animal [he pngnnyis I h L-nqj,*-! ves 
yj^ie teHdi ng mediija! flpcr-J.ih.iilf. 

HERR PELCKMANBf. Very ^■ejl V<vu v^-ant in pay thai con- 
dsttCIti Were gnod Bui you Ihcrt'by cimLr.iilli.-t Ihe Icslbnnny fit the- 
Wllncss Dr Biaha. vhkh was made Ihe Eubjciel of evidence hsre. 
D*i jyu J(neu- hi* letfirnony? 

MORGEN I have- ifitd tht tmhTrflfiy of Dr. Bbha tfl ihr press, 
and hrre i havp Imd the oppMrtunlly (a look ihtoujjb ihe rprord of 
the Trial J mual my I am ama^-d r 1 1hi* 1p^ittl^| Y , 1 am of the 
opinion I ha! RUhd. from Li- m-.-n Iitjmv. |. . t -ji- f d nnn1 n^Jif E,udi 

IMT XX BIT 



H Hty H 

already been placed at the disposal of thp Reich, lhni Himmler 
declared thai he now had to accommodate a kind of rnncsritraiinri 
camp with the Death '^Hea til units on this very suitable lUc. 1 
opposed this to begin with, because I did nol consider b concentra- 
tion camp at ill the right kind of thing for thtr town of Weimar 
end its traditiona However, lie— I in tan Hirnmler— -making nsc of 
Kb preition refunded to haw fifty discussion about El. And ao the 
camp was net up neither to my satisfaction nor lo that of Ihc 
pnpulaiiun of Weimar, 

DR. SERVATTUS: Did you have anything 10 do with the ad- 
mineral] on of the camp later on? 

SAUCKEL: I never had anything in do with thi- administration 
of the tamp. The ThuririEtan Government mado an attempt al the 
lime la infiucnrc the planning of the building by sayinp, Lb at the 
buLldLng police in "Thuruigia wished to Jjive I he orders for Hie 
unitary arrangement* in the camp. Himmler rejected this on Iht 
grounds of his position, saying that he had a construction office 
of his own and the site nov? belonged lo the Reich 

DR. SERVATTUS: Did you visit the ramp at any time! 

SAUCKEL: As far as I can remember, on one single occasion at 
the end of 1 937 or al the beginning of 1B3JJ, I visited and inspected 
the camp with' on Italian commission 

DR.5ERVATIU5. Did you find anything wrong Lhere? 

SAUCKEL: 1 did nnL find anything wrnnj;. f inspected lb e acn-jm ■ 
modatiaJlii — I my&elf bad been a prisoner for 5 years, and M" it inter - 
ested me f niuii admit, tha;, M llyii .time there was nu cause fnr 
any complaint as such. The BrcomTnndatio'n? hud h<?Fn divided Lnlgda_y 
and mght ujO-ius The bed's were covered with bhie and wlritp sheclfr ;, 
lh>l-uic^' r, ii,s. ^d..-Iin>-..in.' , 1 . unrt blrn;e* tm.ti beyond ivproilfli, so ihP t 
thy lilalion oficcr or officers who were inspecting the camp with rne 
said that In Italy thev would nut acrrmimodalp their own soldiers 
any better . 

DR. SERVATTUS; Later On did you hear about the events in thai 
camp which have been alleged here? 

SAUCKEL: I heard nnthing about such events aft have been 
alleged here. 

Dfl SERVATTUS- Did you havr anything lo do with the evacu- 
ation tif the enmp at Ihe end of the war, before the American Army 

approached? 

SAUCKEL-: When the mayor ol Weimar informed me that they 
Intended to evacuate the* camp at Buchi nwald and to tlic the camp 

guards to fight the American troops, I raised the strongest object-inns 



IMT XIV 613 



-33^ 

u Even as old Heidelberg Castle was -evidence that old Germany 
had been too weak to resist the invading Frenchmen who destroyed 
it. so the black remains of the synagogues would be a perpetual 

monument reminding the coming generations of the strength of 
New Germany/. 

"He reminded the students thai there were stilt countries who 
squandered their time and energy with books and wasteful dis- 
cussions about abstract topics of philosophy and metaphysics, Those 
days were over. New Germany was a land of action. The other 
countries were sound asleep. 

"But he was in favor of letting- thorn sleep. The more soundly 
they slumbered, the better opportunity for the men of the Third 
Reich to prepare for more action. The day would come when 
students 0/ Heidelberg would lake their places side by side with 
legions of other students to conquer the world for the ideology 
Of Nazism, 

"The honor students marched past him and received a medal or 
ft certificate Of promotion. Everybody roured the Hnrst Weasel Lied, 

— P*jjc III — 

"One of the mo st popular lecturers in the entire FolitiSdhe Hod] - 
schule was Dr. Karl Bocmer tDr rur. pol. e-tDr, pltil.. Dozenl at thj 

— Pafic 112 — 

Collage of P olitical Science . Head of the Press Office of the Depart- 
ment of Foreign Politics of the NSDAP, office hours at Party Head- 
quarters. Leanest rasse B). 

"Week after week b c analysed the weaknesses and malignant 
intentions of the press in various countries 1 recall a typical 
lecture^ directed a^auist the American press. 

"According to Boomer, the American press is the most foul, the 
most crooked, the m ost Jew-drenched press m the whole worjd . 
It is published bv cri minals, written bv hare, and read by morons . 
ll£ methods are cht- aply srii&aiional. and us Dohaes are dictated 
bv crook ed adverlj^rs: As make-un Is puerile. 

"In purple language Bremer ridiculed the system of headlines 

aS USed bv fhf ArriFirN-nn rtr*rr h..-»l.in,.J *U„ f~ u __^ _j 



■Jtiiiiicu uie lurmai ai newspapers, 
and scorned the weolih of advertising material He prophesied That 
sooner or later the A men can press would precipitate America into 
another war wiih Germany — a war which Germany would win. 



IMT XXX 



K.Jft 



MADE IN RUSSIA - THE HOLOCO$T 



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-337- 



Scientificfllly. <*w Hnbcausl is a fuca. The pr&seculon aiimiitcd that 
they lackad ih* inchmeal expertise Ms judge Ihe evidence - - i 



J*n 1* 



French I should new like to 4**1 with details of the experiments 

themselvea. 

M DVBOST. Dd nn-l flo too much into de-caiK because we are 
not apenalists It will Bull let US to know thai lhe« eKpenmenU 
wvr? earned uut without any regard to humanity and on nonvolun- 
tary subjects- Will you please describe to us the mtrerioui character 
of thesa experiments and their results. 

BALACHOWSKY Th* experiments earned out In Block -tB din 
witbout dnubt nerve a medical purpose, but for the HreaLer part 
they were of no service to science. Therefore, they can hardly be 
called experiments The men were used foe observing the affect* 
at drugs, poison b, bacterial cultures, et cetera. I take, H ars example. 
Ih* use of imc'cine against **antherr,atoU!i lyphin, To manufacture 
thia vicClne it li necessary to have bacterial cultures. aF typhus. 
For experiment such 4i are carted out at the Pasteur Institute 
and the other similar institute! ai the world, cultures arc no< 
necDSSiirv as typhus patients can alwayi be found for samplei of 
infected "blood," Kite it was quite different. From thai records and 
Ehc chatt you ha^e in, hand, we could ascertain in Bintk 4ft 
12 tfifferfrnt'cul lure* of typhus germfL designated by the letter BU. 
[meaning BucheAwaldl and numbered Budwnwald I to Bucnen- 
wald 12 A constant supply of the** culture* waa kept W B.ock 4£ 
by means of the contamination of healthy individunb through sLck 
onesi this was aoueved by arliriLLel insulation ot typhus g^-rms 
by meani of intra venou* injections oJ 0.5 to * cubic centimeter 
of infKted blood drawn tram a patent at the height of the. crisis 
How, it is we.ll-ltnmn.-n that artificial Inoculation at typhus by 
Inhrvenoua injection i* Invariably fatal, Therefore all these men 
who were used tor bacterial culture during the whole timer such 
culture! were required (from October 1942 to the liberation of the 
camp} died, and w-e counted, SDfl victim* sacr^red for the sole 
purpose of supplying typhus germs- 

M. DUBOST- They were literally mJniered I.j i-i.^P I..i;h'i5 
gernu alive ? 

BALACHOWSKY: They were Uterally murdered to keep typhus 
jierms alive, Apart from these, other expirri menu wh( made as to 
thE efficacy of vaeclnes. 

M. DUBOST: What is this 1 document? 

BALACHOWSKY : This document contains a record of the 
typhus culture* 

M-PUBQST: This document was taken by you from the camp 1 

BALACHOWSKY: Yes, 1 took this document from the camp, 

... __.. _— . m. -=— — ^a imm. •**, - : n 4 In a, p^npHmnnl H-cT-rVlc CI f 



and IW contents were summari:**-" uy »n "± "■■^ 
Block 4fl. 



IKT VI 30T 



L M b*%i ■ ■ " 



m ihur idI.i tftB Mfttt*m not m get tea technical^!) 



a' - *-i li 



higher death, „ te . After the flMcluBfrn of ih e cxVeSm^u ^ 

-j j V sursLvurs o£ Uie eiperLmenLs were ■'iiauidated- 

at ?JL ^ , * " lrwdy dHtrL ^ to vou, that fcs by means 
ol imnvrdkc bjtctfea* of phenol. teUtfeinUVc wLpT of 

BALACHOW5KY WiU yu .j rep^c thai pka^ 

TKE PfiESfDErVT. A. I havr ^m u« BrP not w, v rrtTnn-p - 
here with ih L » „ rcpa ., — a w i,i,. h 'ih;. .n ; (tin "^ 

Iff DUHOST. Vo U mL^ht iry and confine the wjiqcu 

iBSS^SSS^^ uljhMtlert «•' ^™,«l product, tp bu« 

,T™ c ^per a ,ed m these experiments, notably Lb* 1 G r^h-n 
Indutn* Whx* suppled » certain number *t dri lt » be uidT^ 

™ T purpo S53 . wai P fa f ei5ur LantanKlilajjer of Frankfurt So 
much for the question of typhus. ^anKiurt. bo 

1 I now come Id experiment W[tb phdsphorm, Mfetiftiv made 
Bludt 48 on Ru^ian pn amors for the FO ]bwinfl CMKra Cerimn 



«E™ J ^ ™ pon ™ ta ™ »"*d "Hi in Block 4fl on S 

Now m Id experiments on wjnut hormones, 

M. DUBOST: What wore the results oi these experiments' 

EAUlCHOWSKYr All the BP wperimtnti raultcd in death 



IM T VI m> 



Stnce victims ol acuta cyanide poisoning become unconscious and do nor all die 
in the same period ol time if at all, ttie "pBuphuta" would not have been much help 



in [hi* 1 tram and that at least LOO o! these civilian prisoner* had 
been iimmtd in Lb each car — tc^klMJ in— and they had been rjn the 
road for several d"iyt without fond or water- and ihut appTu-Xm-iuMy 
J.ODO of them were dead upon arrival und most at the others were 

In a dying candLtn.'-n 

We 5.3 w many dead bodies on Ihu gruund, These prisoners had 
apparently crawled ouL oJ ihp ears and had died &n the ffround. 
Our cifficiiils advised us that many/of the ulhe-ra who had survived 
the tiip in the- cars Had died since Ifl lh* camp, and man-y more, 
aLLhui^jb stilt nlLVe. Were alal'ved beyond redemption 

Directly acron \h» mod from the chtA-— near the Entrance of this 
Dachau Camp — we *aw throe dead members nf the Nun 5S troops. 
Twu I-iH-lL been that, and the- .situ IS cit one bad batn crushed. We were 
advised that these three •■xura me'mben of the SS gujj'ds at the 
prison" who were captured and killed by Ru«*an Lnmutts of the 
py'-.nn when the camp was Liberated by the advancing American 

r ■ - 

Army 

EXECUTION AT DACHAU 

A distinguishing feature of the Dachau Camp was the gas: chamber 
Terr (.he exECUtiiiti of prusnera and the somewhat elaborate JacilitieS 
(or eoceculion by shooting 

Tli? gas chamber was located in the center of a large room m the- 
crematory building, ll was built of concrete. It5 demensioni were 

-Il.-.i Art iLu *fl FmI -,„J |U_ Pdllinn iitbe nnrn in Ifl fr-(lf in TlHMlHl* In 



two OppUNte wriil] s Dt the chamber were airtight doors through which 
condemn e.\l prSsongrs could be taken into the chamber lor execution 
And removed after sjujeuhon. The supply of gnz ihta the dumber 
WH5 tUnlrolled by means tit IWO Vftlv« on pnt of the outer walls, 
and beneath the valve* was a imi^L glass-coveted ne^phole through 
Which the OpctutuT cnuJrf wntUi I hi' vjcHitvj die Tht gas waa 1st 
ifl 10 the chamber teWagfc P'pi'j ti:rmirmtjPll in perforate d brass fix- 
ture* iei i n LrF the ei.'lLojJ The thamoer Wdi of liie sufficient 10 exe- 
cute probably » hundred men At one time-. 

The room In. which the (aa chsunber sippd v/as flanked on both 
ends; by warerdoma in which the bodien were placed niter Execution 
to await cremation The li ze of each room wa* approximately 35 by 
50 feet, At the time Wc visited the camp these WDnriwrai were plltd 
high with da ad bodies. In oris of tha rooms the bodies vrett thrown 
In an irregular heap In tbi* other room they ware neatly stocked 
like cordwnod The irregular pile of bodies was perhs,pi 10 feet, 
high, covering mort of the floor *paoe, A1J of them were naked. 



IMT XXXVII Ml 



-240- 

Cyanido gas is ugh lor thin air and Zyklan cannot flaw through pipag , . 
|At ike Dachau Trial, tins gas chamber didn'r emt.) 

am- pa 

DACHAU CONCENTRATION CAMP 
- F*r- i» - 

Dachau — factory of haircirs, 

Dachau, nvAT Muenehvii, one nf the oldest of the Nazi priiuri 
Cflmpfl. II is bo.wn thai Irani J SI J to ]»44 up lo 30, M0 people m«* 

entombed here at am lime, and IJ&.OM were present when thi- A3]|p» 
reached Dachau. The Nazis eh id J I was a pnpon for politic*] dj». 
stnle-rs, habjtua] criminals and religious enthuslaaii. 

When these seems were filmed, puer J GOO priests,. rcpri-acntiAE 
many dehominaticuis, tlilt remained alive. They came 1mm Gvrmmv, 
Poland, Czechoslovakia, France and Holland 

Incoming prison 1 rains arrived, carrying mare dead than livjne. 
Those strong enough lo travel were brought to Dachau fmm pu1 lying 
points which were threatened by the Allied advance Thl* I* hit* 
they looked when they arrived 

Some survived and when the rescuers arrived they administered 
what aid they could. 

Others died a her the libera- ti an . 

They were buried by their fellow pritoners. 

As in the case of other mmpi, local townspeople were bronchi 
in to view the dead at Dachau. 

This is what the libera ton found inaide the building 

Han Hi rig in orderly row* were the clothes of prisoner* who had 
been suffocated in the lethal gai chamber. They bad! been pcrsu&dfd 
to remove their clothing under the pretext of taking a ah own- for 

which towels and soap were provided. 

This la the Brauaebad— the ahowerbalh. 

Inside the shciwerbath— the gas vents. 

— 

On the ceiling— the dummy shower henda. 

In the engineers' room— the intake and outlet pipes. 



Push butt oris to control inflow bmj outlftke of fla.-;. A hand-vulyr 
to regulate pressure 

Cyanide powder waa uaed to generate the lethal smoke, 

From the gas chamber, ihe bodies were removed to I he trcmsioiT 

— r*i*» 11 — 

Here la what the camera crew found Inside. 
These are the turvivcirs. 



1HT XXX .„ 

■170 



-341- 
. . an early 'gaMinrj" fa™ wirh i "gai ittmroii" inslMd pf Zyklon 



of the room end moitly the water was turned off On the out 

tide of the rporrt wat l.h* gas r f sjcfvoir *nH two gas ni»e:i ted 
from ihe DU15JJ-- mro thf room,, TJjl-cl- was j «=!"*■ »*• tfif pack 
a nd the gal tTTUTUltrd from Lhh alnt 

Q. Gag never cam-.' from the showers T 

A- All the showers wen plu-tigeti It was just to make the effeel 

that the pcUitfTujrs wttft enteriiy( a baih-tooni. 
Q Was this gaa chamber built by SS Haujptaturnu'uehre.T 

Dr KflEBSBACH* 
A. I do not know. 

it cut 

- Pi tfr II — 

Q. Do you remember P special car w4neb was. operated between 
MAUTHAUSEN and GUSEN, in which prisoners were gassed 
on the Journey? 

A, Ves, Ihe commander personally went with thli car WASICK1 J 
put the B<19 Into this car, 

Q. Haw many people could bf put Into this ear? 

A, Twenty or thirty. 

Q. D]d this car belong to SS Uniertturmfuehrer WAS1CK1?*) 

A. TKjs car was just like a police car. only constructed ilr-tight 

Q. Did ZIEREIE drive Ibis car? 

A. Yea, J saw htm' rrtyseli. 

Q. ZIEHEN biinacli draw the ™r, but he did not put the gap 

Into the cit! 
A. The whr.Oc pnison vas In the hands of WASCHINSKL 

Q, But ZIERE1S knew thai the prisoners wem being gassed? 

A_ Yes, he usually gave Ihe ordera. 

Q The gAJpf&B] of prisoners was due to the urging of the SS 

KREB5BACH7 
A. I think that they boLh were in agreement about It. line* they 

were the best of friends U there were loo many people, they 

Simply gat rid QJ them. 
Q. Do you remember the last 800 people who were killed by * 

club or through drowing? 
A. Yes, T know how; people wefe led into the gu chamber and 

hot and cnld water applied on them, end then they had to 

line Up and were beaten until they died- 



"I "C.irrki" >r "Cutrki" tlr^red Ed r*-«d "««l*r 



IMT XXXIII J27 



HerE it says ihe QH$ chambar was made our of wood 
Cyanide gas can penetrate wooden walls . , . 



Jin 41 



«_Kp camp, next to the crematory When the trucks cam* to f&tcb. the 
patitn^t vue h^ird rh^ simnd o? iKt .TT'Jtor acres the camp, and th« 
noise ceasFd ri^iil by the crematory otiose chimney rose above the 
high wall :if the L-iirrtp 

At Ihe Time-qf thf liberation I returned 1 these places t vasitgd 
the flas chamber which. ■Vvaa d hL^tn'i-TIFaTljj"'^'^!^) b-jjLdir.^ marii-_qf 
boards, and Inside it onfr .ccU iS ^U ^msli ih-i- d-jagr^eablu <'lrr M 
gas. r know that at Auschwitz \ha flasea w?rr"trie sump- as th^t ; 
wtn&h were usad against l!m Ike, anlTli'ie only tracer ihey ieft wlTl 1 
small, pale gf'ian eryiitjiLi, whitf! were' sv-'epl mj{ whr» 1W w inrinv.5 
wcrv uj.iivn.tf I know Uiirn^ di:tjib amJe the mer. empfiyTT 1 tn 
rteii>U5me the bl"cks w*re in cim'.^:l w:rh Ikv i>er&'inn?l wtin ga^std 
the victims jnrithey r tnTd [hum thai One alld the SAir.-? jfas ivai used 

■^ ' ■ S-i 1 ■ — ^^^^^^— ■ 

In bn'.h saaea 

M. DlfBOST: Wan this the ofity Wa'V UBCd tfl exterminate the 
internee* m Ravcniibruuh' 

MME VAfUJVNT-COUTUItlEn: In Slack 10 they also e»pE.Ti- 
mented with a white powder . Onu day ihe German Scb-wea tefi 
Martha, arrived in the l*i§dc and distributed a ppwdur to seme 30 
patients. The patients subsequently fellinto a deep sleep Four or 
ntfe oi them Were Seised wilfe I'lulent fit J of vomiting and this .saved 
their lives During the night the nnores gra dually ceased and the 
patients died, This, I knew because I went every day to visit the 
French -women in the biock. Ttfo of, the nurses were Frendn and Dr. 
Louise La Port, A native of Bordeaux who came hack, can likewise 
taatLly to this fact. 

M. DLTBG5T; Was thU a frequent oceuxrence^ 

MME. VAILLjVWT-COLiitJRIER During my slay IhLs was the 
only case of. Jti kind within the Hevier but the system, wns also 
nppUed at the Jiigendtajjer, 5Q coHedi because It was a former reform 
cdtotil for German invcnilc dull fi^uenlii. 

Td'A'Brdj the bpulnrtlnjf of J.94S Dr Winkslmann. nn Longer -sntls- 
rled with selectiorij lji the Revi-er, procefid^d to make hu oulectiurui in 
the blocks. All the prison nn had to answer roll call in thdr b-H'c 



icei ana expose mcir Breasts inn legs, j*li inase wxira were sjot, too 
old, tou thin, r>r whuse- Legs jtfoffi aw^ll*ri with oedema, were get nsirfe 
and then sent to thii Jugendliijfer. a quarter of an hour away from 
the cump at. Ravensbruck. I visited it at the liberation 

Tn the blocks an order had been, circulated to The cfTtct thai the 
old women and thE paUenls who could no longer work should Apply 
In writing tor admission tft (ht Ju gen dlnge.iv where they would be 
Tar better off, where- they wgutd not hover la work, and where there 
Would be flo toll call We learned about thbt later through Borne of 
the people who worked at thr Jygendlager — the chief nf the tramp wag 



IMT VI 225 



-343- 
Here are 2Q00 people flopping down unconcious in the death chamber 



HYlHMCYANtt MJtJ AMJ Till: n^MDf 677 

two Minute*. The patient may utter a cr>' a? for help, and then fall 
down »ifpngihlr ; the respiration is a l first rupid find convulsive, but 
isnon tSSuTs extremely slow and po^pinf. Convulsions are tommon, 
but in some cases the patient Rtysgei* u few steps and then fulls flown 
aiid die* in h\ e minutes 01' le^ without »cuik) or ronvnfetOjt. 

]n most case*, however, the course is somewfaiit mow? prolonged, 
imd it is possible w roco-nize several rtagM As thr jJC^on i* svJluwed 
there are mi acrid harsh taste and a Wind of cotrtrirtbn in the throaL 
(Hher symptom* may not begin for several irfftiftds or CWII minutes, 
ami the patient may perform a numl^roi coimcious nets, such a- walk- 
ing across the romii, ringing the pla*# from which the pOi^Dn iva* taken., 
oxacid cealing the bottle or throwing it out of the window. A^ a rule, 
however, if ft bi ;d duse ha* been taken, no voluntary acts of any im- 
portance are performed 1 ; the fcclii*g of Ciijt*1 riction in the threat is 
folio wed by salivation, nausea, and occasionally, though rarely, by 
Vomiting; these are followed by anxiety, confusion, vertipo. and head- 
ache. There are ui steadiness of the gait and a feeling of stillness of the 
lower jaw. There arc palpitation of the heart and a feeling of con- 
friction in the ehest, and the respiration becomes first rapid, then 
ri&* and irreirutoi . The inspirations arc Ytfry *hort, the expirations 

ji __i. .1 "TU,-. n .almst Viaj*ni^^ii iiTii-ciiKmnn- f;ills SudtlCftlY* 



to the ground in ronvuWion* not uiihko thuse of epilepsy. Tlie bkw is 
covered with a cold sweat: the pupils ar<* diluted and b*cn?ible to light ; 
tho %yti are tfar^v, staring and very prominent, as in other cases of 
asphyxia. Thr mouth is covered with foam, which is sometime* blond- 
Btairted; the breath smells strongly of hydrocyanic arid. The puW 
iss at fiist rapid, hut so weak that it can scarcely be felt. The rmi- 
vukioiis mav Ik- general and lead to opisthotonus or they may be con- 
fined to certain group? of muscles; OlU* there i* often trismus. The 
hands are usually clenched, involuntary evaluations of the tare* WW 
urine, also of the semem may pceUT* 

Tin* convulsive ituge is followed by that of depression ana.paralyK^, 
The patient remain? tiiK^n^ious and then bcopfttt* COllUUtae; the skm 
is tttualiv cvanoiie: tin- temperature falls; the heart k very feebte and 



From "Legal Medicine and Toxicology by Peterson. Haynns and Wetter, Voli, p 677-6B3 



-344- 

Hiffl are foe S,S. imd Igokmg Ih rough a 'poiptiole" at thousands 
gf uncancel oui people . . . 



678 NON-ALKALOlOAL CtROANlC POISONS 

In leap severe cases of cynnid poisoning in which the patient finally 
recovers, the early" sym pi ome arr ns those described alxive ; the patient 
BE to the ground meii'nsihk' . cnnvnluionn follow, eueeecilpd by l.he stage 
of pnralyaia, in which. the respiration hceouies alow ami shallow. After 
a little the respiration begins to improve and the pa lien I awakes : 
vomiting uuw frequently occurs. A feeling of constriction in the chest 
and weakness, causing an unsteady gait, heartache, difficulty in speech, 
and drowsiness may continue for a few days: as a rule, however re- 
covery is nipid and complete. In Kolipinskia case 1 recovery waa com- 
plete in twelve hours. In the oftennquoted ea?e of Dr. Arnold 3 live 
patient. (Dr. Arnold) was njioonseimiB for *h hours . Before the return 
of full consciousness he tuicHnV most horrible aensatinn of Impending 
suffocation. Ah soon tw the firfit disposition to vomit was felt, con- 
sciousness was perfectly restored and there waa a complete cessation 
of all the symptoms. 

The mortality in ca-jee of cyaDid-poisoning is very great; thus, in 
a series of 3&4 cases the mortality was 70.4 per cent., and the series 
included many cased of alight poisoning. 1 In a series of 40 casea the 
mortality was 95 per cent.* 

t'yanid poLrtning may result from the inhalation of the vapors 
of hydrocj-anie acid*' the chief symptoms arc a sensation of constric- 
tion of the chest, dizziness, vertigo, and insensibility . In one cose 
there weir disturbances of the visum.* Hydrocyanic acid is fa Lai 
to animals in one-hall to an hour when present to the extent of 0-3 
to 0.12 nig, per liter of ouv 



fa lesl tNis heaths uts we poiionett « l«imiiuill^illdn|| widi poUiBun cynnide.Thu dag vamilod. 
collapsed. dntocalnd. mil uji, sranijtiu'd IB It el .ami pawnd out Six hours lam It* wnicomcious. 
Niingrt md ate normally Ho dieri 3 mauthi later.- lEilitoi % Mate! 



-.145- 

Hers is Hoess/Hrookhar(d|t lisle ning outside the door to itinusanfl* 

at untonsciuu* pnopic j"wa know when the people woro deed because 

Iheir so reaming slopped") . . , 

"Legal Medicine and Toaic stogy" Vol. 2, pp. 679, 683. 

(sue also pegs 170 of this volume.} 



A healthy woman, *ged twenty- 
two, died in fifteen fr> twen ty mimitre from about ^ grain <l>i)5S pm.) 
cfintaiiicd in a lotion. 1 tn another cost a nmn too k a ami In r dtibp 
and was insensible for four hd mra-. but rerenorrd, 



FgiriilLiI intent. The pyiuptonn- Iwfcfiri in ■ few minutes; tltfre w*re 
nnifip'riuuimreH and rcnviiL^n^ in tin rnimitas, ei ul death m an hour 
nntl a hall alter tin- a|»r« mann or I In? ftr&l symptoms- Baker* report* 



•346- 
Meru irn thti SS man burning millions ol bodies In holes dug in i swsmp . 
"Legal Medicine and Toxicology", Vol, 2. 



DESTRUCTION BT FERE 8 



* • 



allied burning took plar:e, but an opinion can be formed as to the 
appmxiinaie lime required from observations already made. At the 
trial of Professor Webster in 18WV Dt, Woodbridfie Strong testified 
that he undertook jr^htirp fl,r>'lv in ifu- oprei fiir. hnl aft^r working all 
niphl there was still mm'h um'cmsiutied . The kind of fuel is not stated, 
but was probably wood. Jd the Colder case* it was in evidence that the 
two murdered hwb were placed on a great firtrof log? at 2 p. m . : the 
lire was replenished frum time to time, and at midnichl the bodies 
had been mostly consumed; at daybreak only ashes and n riders were 
left. among which subsequently iwveral twin and many parts of charred 
bout* were found. 

Ab the result or experiments in connection with the trial Of Roxalana 
Dmse in 1SS5' Dr. A. Wnl (or Suiter found thai a human body weighing 
140 pound*, could be bumrd in a wood-Fturp. in Fi^ht hours , and that 
onh U puuinh- cuf fhu- l gm-h"as was used in this case (.dry pine shingles) 
would be required fur each pound of raised annual tissues . Ji was 
found that the tissue? first lost water and then the dry mass burned 
readily. 

In the celebrated Pel case in Paris in 1&S4 1 Brounrdel perform fid 
experiments with a siiiall kit then tlove such us Pel used. He found 
that H hody could be consumed at the rule of 1{ kilograms , or 8| pounds 
per hour, so that a corpse weighing EXi kilogram h. or 13" r^Lum Jj>. fould 
be consumed in Forly hours,, using cLircoad a^ fuel. The wuichl of a^-ViL*^ 
left in tbi.^ k'd.F'O *:ifi G kilograms, or O pounds. 

No very marked odor i« necessarily occasion rd by the. burning of 
the body. The hrsl part of the process in which the flesh \s deprived 
of water and begins to char is usually accompanied by an odor resem- 
bling that of meal scorched in cooking, hut the further burning does not 
cf necessity give olT much odorous gad. A great deal depends, how- 
ever, on the method of combustion — tin- inon- th^uHy perfect and rapid 
it in tl is kns*. Lht> t» lor . wh ill? in ihe case of alow and iiuUerfttfl com- 



bustiocj (he pan may be auite offensive. 

When alcohol, rafmlfiim. or oil is used a& fuel , Ihf* time necessary 
for combustion, aceordiug Uj Deseoust, Robert, and Ogier, 1 muet be at 
least mi enlir*: dav 



What dirt they iio when it was raining? 

(A cord ot wood equals 12B cu li ) 

jThus the cremation al ID.O00 tjudiis a day using dry waori for lunl wanld 
rnqime 1000 Ions dl wood. Wet wood in halas is Mtrfl.) 



878 DESTTUKI'ION Or HUliAN BODY HV FIRE AtfP CHEMICALS 

In ran [tertian with a murder trial hi^td in Applcton, Wia., in llKlli. 
Dr. John F. (inldeay of Chicafio. win ducted mi experimen t to dcTyrmmr 
how cmicklv thrc human body eon Id bf consumed hy, a Ere in flic u | «?n 
nil. A koiiOre was started, green nmple wwd' being natid Tor the rjiir- 
pnsrt. The. tody of n» adult mm weighing about 160 puundta and utictji 
5 feot, 8 inches iu height waa pbtted an the fire.\ and from time to rimt- 
additional wood waa added so aa to keep up a continuou?) burning 
The bnriv wn* consumed in four iknd a half L-j urw. twMhirris rtf ft eord 
of LG-inrn gre< n-mii r>le <wd Lavina b' tj uaed . Dtiriftg the JWfcCttfa 
Wj di&umt'Ltbie or rwviiliar Offing w?ere evolved. In the resulting ash#a 
fni^mvnls 5j tog Egg jSjmjj the largest not over 2 r iiir hcs in Ifngili 
anJ some or those, although small, were identified as human by Dr. 
George A- Dorse v« at that time of the Field Columbian Museum of 
r&ti**-* Tli*. niftc™ of bone recovered were sufficient to fill a. Mm ? 



ctiear box . 



M4DE «V RUSSIA - THE HOLOCO$T 

Return to MADE IN RUSSIA THE HOLOCO$T PART FOUR 
Return to CONTENTS PAGE 



The Website of Carlos Whitlock Porter 



-m- 

TCiesc am thf "lunar iJ urns ' which vudia Mled with human sshtis and then smuahifd. 
so lhai "ivifry Ifbcd was wiped out" (HUTf XXXIII - 232^ 



~T.— 




IMT XXX 



42P 



■ 34y- 



*■& 



Q 

A. 

Q- 

A- 

Q- 

A 

S- 
A. 



Besidn your ww* in. the Juldwn did you also work Ln the 

crematorium? 

Yes. 

At what date did you be^in your work in the «emalorJ«.ni' 

From the 9th of May 

What did you there' 

I worked the heating for the cremation of the bodjt*, 

Descrlbe yeur work. 

At firtt my occupation nKUltlfed of removing Lbf bodies, then 
I served the heating ar.d had to team how to put In the corpus, 
ihen t had to stir up and' to ink* out the ashes. This way my 
occupation during VU yeaxi Afterwards I had to Oil the urns 
In the flrat quarter of the year cremations of ungte person* Iw 
place afterwards there were only ma5W[-(!mat]imi < the ashi-J 
went" thrown away. When the Americans advanced, Wg.^'Pg 
aflOfj urns of Dutch Jem. We had ro imosri the urns af:er^nrdjt 



Q 
A. 

Q 
A. 



A 



A 



E 



the ami 



away, so din 1 , every trace Win wipt-c 



d out 



aged 

ahd to ifiTni 

At whut hour did yuu work Ln the crematorium? 

From 3pm. till ID a.m. 

How many dayi w&skly? 

Thw was different- It happened that there only were 7 erenia-. 

lions monthly, The lasl time we urorked through day ant! night, 

1 can't say how munv daya we had to work Afterwards we had 

to dean the oven lilt] then We Were allowed to gO to bed- Same 

days of rest followed often 

How many hours daUy did you usually work? 

We usually worked 13 hour*. Wh*a there was much work «n- 

hmd to work lai 15 hours. Oaya followed again in which there 

wj; less work. 

Did you work ah uy your«]i '° the crematorium? 



Q 
A 



Who were th« men who worked with you? 

SUSSOCK Frani. he Is o>ed Tht the bvaren Igna* FU " 

KOW3KV, ■ «ruiin DABETH r n Pol*, he w" ihere *»«»y ™ „■ 

year, whose nam* I d-wi't know- Then the bearcri TIEFtw- 

BACKER Alfred and POLSTER Johann. 

Dp you know -where some el them art no*' 



i'>i- s 



SEC1CT 



iiCllf 



I only know, that TTCFENHACHER AUred U living in INHS- 
BRUCK and POL5TEK Juhann Ln Pottenddrt near Vienna 



IMT XXXIII 



139 



Note ili £3 small sin cl the ovens, Ail oven like this eoultf prubably bum 
8-12 Licufifli per 24 (murs using cnal fnr fuel, di up Id IB u&intj nil. 



— i - 




1 

■ 
1 

1 




e 
I 



IMT XXX 



4Z5 



-^ I • 

Millions 13 1 bodies Linnet be crudely cramaied without leaving huge qualities 

uf evidence. To burn b human Imriy using wood can rr quire up lo 40 houis: in a crematory 

oven, at least 1 - 2 hours depending an the lueL Hie ash, assuming 

complete combustion, weight 5 - 9 pounds. 



CREMATION 

In the destruction of the buiumi body by cremation the corpse in a 
wooden coffin j from whirh the metallic handles arid name plate have 
been removed. in plan-d in an apparatus especially devised for the 
purpose, tailed a retort, mn) heat, produced either by the cotn bullion 
of o rdi miry i! lum i ria t big pa p. ^ pel roleui D , ie applied . The tcmprratiiTe 
urwfl is about 32(MJ C F. (or 17G0° C). A body of ordinary «ge ie mm - 
n]etcly cremated when Rfis is= used aft a fuel in one hour; uheii pelrolotini 
is used, from one and g half tit two hours arc required. The ash wEIBE 
remain n. whirh i-omasls entirely of mineraj BubBlftnrc*. all "Tirgaiiit - 
compounds having been fjosiniyrd, weight: fmm 5 to it pounds, rie * 



pending op the niv »f ilv ' Itody. Immediately after the cremation the 



skelelon of the body is left intaet in fonn, ita abuDdant mineral eon 



"Legal Medicine and Toxicology" by Frederick Poturson. 
ca-ediled by Kaynes and Web&iei. Vol r 2, p.883. 



The "crematory oven tetters " rum our to be certified photocopies 
which iht Russinn* forgot la bring to cuuii . . 



11 rrt. *■ 



tregiin tci build £aur powerful crcjnjLi>na and ga* chambers Ln 
BtrkEtian. Berlin demanded with impatience that the- con- 
itriiction be expedited ind ill work compteted fay the 

br^LQIUri£ at 1943. 



"la thE oEfiee records of the Auschwitz Camp there wu 

discovered a voluminous correspondence between tha adminis- 

tratinn at the tamp and the Ann of Ttjpf and Sons. Anions 

them the folluwhig letters: 

r" "I. A. Topf and Sous. Erfurt; IJfFebru.iry 1943 

" "To Central Construction OfflCB of SS Hid Police. AuschwftL 

" 'Subject. Crematoria 2. and 3 (or the camp fur prisnnersof war. 

hl We acknowledge leceLpt of your wire Of 10 February, as 

folluwa: 

" 'We again ackncuvledfiE receipt of your order tot five trip's 
fumacca, including two electric lifts lor raising the corpses 
and one emergency Lilt, A practical Installation fbjr staking 
cdjlI was also ordered end one for transporting the ashes You 
arc to deliver the complete instil LI at ion for Crematorium 
Number 3- You are expected to take .steps to ensure the 
immediate (hip a till of all the machines, complete with parts."" 

t omit the ne?it document which deals with "bath-houaea for 
ipeciai purposes''' <gas chambers), and present to The Tnbunni a^ 
Etthtbl'. Number USSR-S-i iDcLiint-mC Nr"umbcf fSriE-G41, n jacumpn t 
WHiefL Li up pi- h Jed "■■'' 1 1'. ■ ." n-^j.'l >•! she Yu^i-jLa-,- Urn-em- ment Thi? 
H a certified. photoMiit of a diHiumnti t externally Raving ail th-; 
nfncial cMracW oT a husiness docurncnt from ■ "sound business 
firm." The name of tho firm ia D:tli er- We rice. The subject of tha 
corrcjpondeiice — the construction, of crematoria "'deaipied for ^i 
laJge- camp in Betgrade." The document presented by me 
diarmcteriicd the firm T>ji±llt as ■ Arm with L<i ruulerabl e expe-ncm' - 
in, construe lion of crematoria for concentration camps and whi^ 
ddvertised it«?|f a% 9 firm that understood T.h* demands of iEJ cUenl- 
For p Lacing the bodies Into the furnace, the, firm destined d ape* i ill 
conveyer with a two-wheeled ah aft, The Arm claimed that it Wfllil 
flD Ihii order much better than any other firms, and asked to-tr a 
small advance, to draw up draft plana for (he- construction tr.E a 
crematorium in the camp. 

r quote a lew short esctrpts from thlj document — the nrh; two 
pirajjraphs: 

"With reference to your aon'a vis-It and his conversation with 
our expert, Herr StorU We note that the Belgrade SS unit 
intends to build a crematorium fof a large camp and that you 
have received instructions to design, and construct ihe bmtdLng 
in collaboration with local architects." 



IHT VII &&4 



-353^ 
bul the dimensions are an t T IB i Z4 inches. 



1ft fet> 4* 



I interrupt my quotation and I ihd.ll quote on* mote excerpt. 

Tor putting the bodies Lata the fumac» H we suggest simply a 
metal fork moving ph cylinders. 

" Each furnace wlU have an oven measuring only 600 null;- 
rneteis in breadth an'! -Ji'] mdumet^rs m height , as coffin* 
WlU not be naed". For transporting Ulc corpaeS from she 
rtorage paint to lb* furnaces we suggest using light carts on 
wheels and we enclose diagrams o( these drawn to scale." 
I interrupt my quotation here and I present to the Tribunal 
Exhibit Number TJSSH-225 [.Document Number USSR-225) This 
document will be brought to you presently, Mr. President. May 
I refer to', It? It will be presented to you within a few minutes- 

I submit the new document at Exhibit Number U SBK--I2n; it 
deals alao with ike eDnstrjeUan oi those crecnatoria fn r con.ee nt ta t; oti 
campa in Belgrade and centaura the cnrFeapc-ndence of [he firm Kori* 
C.m.b.H. Thia is a we =1 -known firm, which considered tha: e-ven 
every business- letter must be ended with ''Heil Kltler!" As its 
talents were well known, to it, the firm Kurt once again inquired 
whether "two furnaces would be sufficient." The firm, among oihti 
things, mentioned that Jt had already built four furnaces for DaChau 
and feffl for UJbljnj it emphasized that Jts lechniually perfected 
mmc U gavf , "f ulTsat Lf f act ion In practice. I quote a very -short 
excerpt of this document which the Tribunal will find on Page 471 
in Volume II of the document book I quale the first paragraph; th.u 
is Pagi* 38, first paragraph c-f the lelct: 

"Following- our verbal discussion regarding the delivery of a 
crematorium inatallatign of simple construction, we suggest 
our perfected coal-fa a m 1»ji furnaces foe crematoria which 
have hitherto givim full sa;; atari] on 

"fj suggest two crematoria furnace* for the building planned, 
but we idviac yna to make further inquiries to make flure 
that two ovens will be sufficient for your requirements." 
[ omit tbe ne*t paragraph and continue- the quotation- 

"The area required for the fumaces, including space for the 
Stokers and Other personnel, lH shown by the attached diagram. 
Sketch J. Number B99S shows an installation with two furnaces, 
Sketch J- Number SIZE shows the arrangement of four 
furnace* in the construction pro j ected for Dacha u. A further 
xltrtrh J. dumber 90311. show* the Lublin installation with 
& cre matoria furnaces and two built-in compartments for 
stoking."' 
I omit the next part of the document. The ending li vary typical: 
"Awaitinjf your further news, we will bo at your service. Hell 
Hitler! C. H. Kori. C.m.b.H ,h 



1MT VII 585 



-354- 
Whert we sen lac (my smoke we kiww H is, a cremniariimi , . 



■ ire. m 

THE PRESIDENT: Would you like to *it down and spell your 
niime and surnAtn*? 

M. DUBOST: Will you p]ease spell your nam* and wmainE* 

VEtTH: J-e-a-n F-r-e-d-e-r-i-d V-e-l-t-h. 1 wwbarn an 2B April 
IDQ3 Ln Moscow 

M. DUBOST: You are of Franch nit tonality 1 ? 

VEITH: J am of French nationality, hem of Fran* parents. 

M, DUBOST: In which camp Wera you interned? 

VEITH At Mauthausen: tram 22 April 1043 until 22 April iftf 

M, DUBOST: You knew about the work carried out in the fac- 
tori eh AUpplviim ma tp rial tu thfT-uftwaffe Whci con <p-> lied the.se 
lactarita ? 

VEITH; I was in the Arbeltaeinsali at Mauthausen frum. June 
lfM£, and I was therefore we! I acquainted with all question* deal in r 
with the work. 

M. DUBOST: Who con milled the fictgries work] Pit tar Ihf Luf t- 
waffe ? 

VEITH There were uulslde cjmpa at Mauthausen where worker * 
werfr employed by H-jml't^l M^s^crJCh-n-iidt. Aifri-Vicnne, tmd tht 
^aurcr-Wtrllc, unJ th^re w:n, mnri'uvej 1 . the* const ruction work on 
t he Li-ibl P.JiS tumid by thf ALpLru: Mi>r.t.nr i 

M. DUBOST: Who controlled thla work, supervisors or 
engineers? 

VEITH: There was only SS supervision. The work itself WM 
concrcilkd by the engineers and the firm* the-rnselves.. 

M.. DUBOST" DLd these engineers belong It) the Luftwaffe? 

VETTH; On certain diyi I saw Luftwaffe uHkern who «me (■» 
visit the Messerscbmidt ^orkahcip t In the quarry. 

M.. DUBOST Were (hey able to -see [or themselves the con- 
dit'iona under which the prisoner! lived? 

VEITH. Yes, certatnly- 

M. DUBOST: Did you ace any high-ranking Nasi officials visit- 
ing the camp? 

VEITH-: I saw a tfreat many high-ranking officials, among them 
Himmler, Kaltenbrunner, Puhl. Maurer, the Chief of the Labor 
Office. Amt D II, ut the Retch, and many other visitors whose name* 
I do not Jfnnw. 

M. DUBOST: Who tald you that Kattenbruniier had cornel 

Tj*n-ur ijlt„h rtj.f ,*ffi,-« far*»ri the n&rade ground overlooking 



the Kammarvdamuri we therefore »« the hi£h-ranklna alflctflls 
IMT VI 235 



.^v 



9 Jan U 



PR KAVFFMANNi Cauld you okase repeal Out again"' Did you 
■ee the secrecy -order' What did jsou seal 

YElTH: Not Hit order, I saw the execution and that is worse. 
DR. KAUFFMANN: My question was thii: Do yw know thai ;he 
•trictErt orders were given lo the SS personnel, to the ttfcyST&Mi** 
rt ettirfl, n« to speak even iniidc the camp, much less outside at it. 
nf the atrocities that went en and that eyewitnesses who apoke of 
them rendered themselves Uabje to the mast rigorous penalty 
including the death penalty? Do you know anything ibuut that, 
about iuch a practier Inside the camps' 1 Perhaps you will tell me 
whether you yours nit were- allowed to talk about any observations 
of the kJnd. 

VEr-TH: 1 know that liberated prisoner! had to sign a statement 
saying that they would never reveal what fiad happened in the 
camp and that they had to target what had happened; but those 
who were in contact with the population, and there were mnny nf 
them, did not fail to talk about at, Furthermore, ftlnuiiipiisen was 
ntuated en a hill, There- was a crematorium, which emitted lla^ss* 
a reel high. When you see llama 3 feel high eonune out q[ a 
chimney every n:g^ ; you nre frmnd tf> w ond-.T wha: it ts. and 
everv-oni? nv.lS-t have known t hai It jgjg 5 LreTn.iinrtuffl 

DR. KAUFFMANN I have no further quciLlon. Thank you. 
THE PRJJSIDENT: Does any. olher eoijnse"! for the defendants 
wish toaik any questions" Did you lell us who the "green prisoners 4 * 
were? You mentioned "green prisonera.* 

VEITH: YeBi these "green priiontrif' were prisoners convicted 
under the eommoa law. They wer? used by the SS So polite the 
camps. As I have already said, they were often more bestial than 
the SS themsclvea and acted an their executioner* They chd the 
work with which the SS did net wUh tn soil ihclr hands^tlwy were 
j^,i«- .it n.- a'**+*j ujupfc hut niwnv* bv order af 11k- Kmnmandu- 



Ui-MLJLl Ull Llll" fcJJJ I * T- wp *-■. 



fuhrer. 

This contact with the "green" Gi-tmim m-ai terrible *«r the 
Internees, particularly for the political (rrterneej- They could rial 
bear the sight of them, because they realised that we were nol thtir 
sort and they persecuted us for that alone, tt was the samp i el all 
the' camps. In all the CBmpJ w? weft bullied by the German 
criminals serving with the 55- 

THE PRESIDENT; M- Dubuit. SrO Jf«a wish to ask, a fly other 
question? 

M. DUBOSTi Your Honor, I have- no more questions to ask 

TMT VI m 



-356- 

the ci amatory processes described aro impossible 



— nit i — 

MEDICAL EXPERIMENT BUILDING 
Block Np r 41 in the camp was used for medical experiments and 
vivisection^ with prisoners as ■"guinea piga-" Mescal scientists 
came from Serlln periodical >y to reenforce the experLmcnlal staff - 
In particular, new tenrina and sntLtoxln* were tried a at oa prisoners. 
Few prisoners who entered thin experimental budding ever emerged 
■live. Prisoner* were induced to ■Volunteer' 1 for experimentation 
OH the representation that livinjj quarters provided there were far 
superior to those in the barracks and that their rations were far 
superior to those received by ordinary prison*™. 

THE BODY-DISPOSAL PLANT OR CREMATOR V 

The design of this Installation wan a striking example of "Ger- 
man Industrial efficiency, " it h4d a maximum disposal capacity 
of about 400 bodies per 10-hour day < which is Hbout 2 percent of 
the camp population at the time of liberation- We were Informed 
that when the death rate exceeded the capacity of the urematory, 
the bradiCE were taker out and buried in pits without any means 
let Identlfkation Teeth having gold rUlinga were extracted prior 
to cremating the bodies. We have been, advised that on the day 
lolluwrnEj our Visit to Budienwn 1 d a large cache at gtitd fill [Tigs 
and gold Jewelry was discovered in ■ quarry near the camp, In- 
cluded were literally thauaar.ds of wedding rings alone 



The err ma lory wai entirely enclosed within a high board lence- 
No tune, except, a small operating force of SS personnel, Were 
allowed even to look inside tbla fence. No prisqr.er who, paaaed 
within it — as a member ol a labor party or" lor any other reason — 
■ Camp piit alive inside- thLi tend* W&S th* incinerator building, 
central]}' located between 2 yardl. Thli building wan Pf su b.stsnt j al 
bride construction with cement floors, 1 Itory high, with full-si ze 
12-foot-high hasemenl beneath, The main Hoar contained an admin- 
istration office at the front end, a locker and washroom Far SS 
personnel at the fur end, and the incinerator room in the center. 
The (utter contained, in line. 2 batteries of 3 firebrick incinerator* 
each. Elltucn to twenty mmui^s witi 1 ratyj-.r^d E»:jr the mci tic ration 
Pf a Jural of \& bcdles, tj ■■.".■! i inawaf'^ nnvinjg a capacity pf 3_bod,:^3 , 
Q-L_a tot j I charge of lg b/iJjca. E:jH-':|j to twenty minute were 
required tor the Incineration of a charge 

Tlie floor ol each Incinerator con lis ted of a Coarse grate, throuRh 
which the day's accumulation of bone ash was extracted at the 
end of operation. The fire came From a furnace room occupying: 
the rear two-thirds of the basement, ihe flames being deflected 



IMT XXJCVII flis 



• 357- 



Th h chemical tactions desciihad are wrong and all 
cotttradici each oilier . , 

(For eiampta, Zyhlnn was not a 'crystallized Prussic Acid" 
as claimed by HoesVBrooeharjd)! 

To fumigate with il takes hours, beeiusa the liquid active ingredient must evaporate, 
ftse to lha calling, ind be cirriod by air currants throughaul the amiie area to be 

fumigated. 

Tha enxicity oi cyanide gas is dependant on its concentration m the air. One cannol 

kill a man in IS minutes with a cone entral ion of 5D parts par million, nnf can we 

hill him in 1 mmute with S00 parts par million. 

Since victims of cyanide poisoning become UNCONSCIOUS and mar die '" ™nuia 5l 

or hours later, or may recover with no ill effects after foui to ux hours, the 

concentration involved mull be eiactly known . . not guessed at by liaising to 

unconscious people. 

Tike any B books on the Holocaust ami Icok up Zyklon" in the index You will 

probably find 5 ddforenl chemical descriptions of the murder weapon, all of them 

wrong, the chemical reeclions immlvid will be wrong; the properties ot cyanide gas 

will be given incorrectly; and the symptoms of cyanide poisoning will be large?* 

wrung. 

The gas will be described as heavier than air; the victims wrill sometimes be 

described as attempting to escape by climbing above tha gas, retaining 

consciousness until the end, while S.S men watch through "peepholes' to see 

whether they are dead or nut Gene rill*, the word "peephole" wilt Appear a I least 

once pei page.] 



MADE IN RUSSIA - THE HOLOCO$T 

Return to MADE IN RUSSIA THE HOLOCO$T PART FOUR 



Return to CONTENTS PAGE 



The Website of Carlos Whitlock Porter 



-358- 

To accuse the Germans at killing millions of people whh carton monoxide 
generated hjr a Dieiel motor , , 



n Tab. « 

The what? organization set up for the extermination of 
people vu id cunningly devised and carried out that right 
up w> the last cnomenl the next transport of doomed pcrnans 
could not gusia the fait of the group which had preceded 
them, the departure of transports — consisting of 1,000 to 
2,000 persons — from the village of Sawadki to the exter- 
mination camp and the extermination of the arrivals lasted 
until 1 o'clock. 

"The can loaded with Jew* arrived In the camp and stopped 
before the mansion. A representative of the Sotnierko mmando 
SLo.de a short speech to the new arrivals- lie assured them 
that they Wert going Lp work in. ihe East. He promised them 
Just treatment by the authorities and adequate food and, at 
the same time, instructed them to take ■ bath before leaving 
™hi\* !/^ir clothing was djartf**tod Ft-.,:!, ihu- >y r iiri- ; -.i;v. \h-.\ 
JeWi Were then brought to a big warm room on the Second 
floor of the mansion. There they had to undress, and, clad in 
underclothes only, they went downstairs, passed through i 
corridor with lignn such as To the medical officer' and To 
the bath' on the wills, The arrow which showed the way 
'To the bath" pointed toward the exit The Germans laid the 
Jews who came out into the yard that they would go to the 
bath tn a closed car: and, true enough, a large car was 
brought up to this door so that the Jews coming out of the 
House found themselves on a taddex leading straight inside 
the cur- The loading of the Jews into the car lasted a very 
short Lime, Police were on guard in the corridor and near the 
car. With btows and shouts they forced the Jews to enter the 
car, stunning them, so that they could not attempt any 
resistance. When all the Jews were piled inside the cor, the 
doors were carefully locked, and the- chauffeur switched on 
the motor, ao .that those in _.Lhe car were poisoned by the 
fhaust gas ," 
I consider it unnecessary to quote that part of the report which 

testifies that the car in question was the "murder van" already well 

known to the Court. 

[ will just quote one sentence from Page 10 taf this- document, 

Paragraph 3: 

" Th us, at least 340,000 men, women^ .and .children, from new - 
born babies to aged persons, were exterminated in HeLnuto ." 
I believe that I can end here that port of my statement which 

WVWt ul tj-,1- .VMfT:: rslcrminattne centers , fl ,hr! nw i pn.v--: Oil «f> 



ttg jjurt. of _my eta cement denting with religious persecutioin . 

In the Soviet Union as well bj in the occupied countries of 
Eulern Europe, the. Crvmun fucLst criminals brought shame upon 

IMT VIII J3i 



, , . is 3d stupid that il is nal worlti discussing . , 



tl Jun. «4 



MR. JUSTICE JACKSON : Now, was the proposal mode nt thai 
time lev resort U> pcitim gnfl warfare' 

5PEEK: 1 was noH able to make ou.1 from my own direct obsir- 
V at ions Whether gSI- wjirfjuE Was to be started, but I htlCW from 
various associates of Ley's and Gnebbeta' lb at they wore discussing 
the quest tun of using our two nrw combat SLttW, Tataun and Sunn. 
They believed IhDl these gaae* would be nf parnc-j][ir efficacy, and 
they did in fact pradutc I he must fright 111 I result We made IhcM? 
observations as early as ihe autumn of lB-H, when the situation had 
become critical nnd many people were seriously wnrried about iE 
MR. JTJ5TJCE JACKSON. Now, will you lull us about IHmf two 
gases and abnul their production and their cfTcclG, their qULdltle^ 
and I he preparations that were made fot JJHE warfare? 

■SFEER. I cannot tell you that in, detail, I am nnl enough of an 
expert. Alt J know IE thai these two gaie& both had a quite extraol- 
tiLniiry cnVl'l, and th»l Lh«rr WUs n* n; spiral Dr. and Jin p rotection 
against them tha1_,we kni-v,' H So thf ^jMuH.F wivuld luive bfgD 
unablp to prott-v-; »n-i:ri-lvt^ afiain&l 1h>£ gas in .my WHJ- For Lhc 
manufnfliiie nl ihis L r *r. we had abcrdl three fhClttrn-E, all 3 which 
were undamped and wh--»i unlll NoVcir.iw 1M-1 «c:i' working a I 
full apm-d Whi'll rumors readied us that gas might be kftfatf, I 
■topped its production in November 1S*44 1 stopped It by the fol- 
lowing mean*. 1 blocked the so-called preliminary production, that 
IS, the chrmical supplies for the making of gab, 60 that the Bjas- 
produciicm. an the Allied authorities thenusElVeJi ascertained, alter 
the end of December or the beginning of January, actually slowed 
down and finally came to i standstill. Beginning with a letter which 
is sUU in existence; and which 1 wrote to Hiiler in October IG44. I 
tried through legal methods to obtain his permissirm Id have these 
gat factories stop their production. The reason J gave hum was that 
on account of air ran^s the preliminary products, primarily cyanide, 
were needed urgently fur other purposes. Hitler informed me that 



Ihe gas production would have le eonlinu-ij whatever happened. 
but I nave instructions for Hie preliminary product* not to be pup- 
plied any more. 

MR, JUSTICE JACKSON Can you identify other* of the flroup 
that were advocating gas warfare? 

Jif r.t!R - In miliUry clttIes the re was certainly no one in favor 
af_fiajr .winter AH ^'nr.ib[i:_A)Tr.v nf-nplr turned BftB warfare- flown 
a!> Ih-dh: iim-r'v ir.SHiu . since, in vJew « your superiority In the Rir, 
ft tyuuEd noL bo lung bpftire iL would bring thr most terrible calaS- 
Ircphe upon Germ an clllti, which wore completely unprotected. 

MH JUSTICE JACKSON: The grtrnp that did advocate it, how- 
ever, consisted uf the poiLttcal croup around Hitler, didn't itl 



IMT XVT '*>?" 



-360- 



A daicrialian ol Carman WW1 gas qhamtai expiriments During WW1 may were 
fciintiftc. but 25 yfars later lhey "impin wised" with Diasel engines and bug bombs . . 



Die Teststcllung tier fur die G anka ui j j f ato fTt- ie^'na'ch 
aelir wifht.i^iKi Tnrlliclikehaj.ahlr-Tj erfolfit praktisdi shj, daJJ 
□ inn in. eiu Ku bikini; t er Liift cine bestirnnUe Anaalil Milli- 
gramme c dw betreffeadeii Kanipfatufifes. aei ea uls solcben 
in re i met Form, mi fti gftUfat in LarniJoseli Losunpsmittelu. 
vprg'fl.sij vetuebeJt od^r vtrattiiibl- In die.-? vcr^ifr^n' Ltift 

T a 1 1 l ] I e 5. 
Oblor .';.-■, 7fi00 

P3i(MJgun . . . . . . . , j50__ 

1 '>■? i v^ I ■jfimifliiieiiSiULr i-iii- ■ t L \ i^-luf liQfl 

Iiidblnrdifcrhj'I'iulfjJ ■ * I5W) 

Cti!or|.Lkfiii , , , . 2Q0U 

Ferchloratcthvlic^ruiiptin . , . . . .SCKJC 1 

Xyh'Ibromid «000 

BroniEssigaauriiiitL^lagtor J >• V .. ."•■]_; ,'.V . 3Q0Q 

Jod-tEMiigtsBuruiithyEeater , . . l'.Ajfr 

Clbl&racetrm . , 3W>'f 

Urnmaeulun • .;.,;..... ... 4000 



AUiylHEhwflfclkJtoieehtorjd 'JOOO 

wird auu dm; yerjiiK'tjfetier ge^qtzt, wnnmf mit drr Ubr in 
diT Band feMfffrstettl t^ 1 i r cJ , yjriviH Minutco das Tier in 
diesef Atmosphere I a b l j ij kann. Donn ist c-t^W das ge- 
suchttr TuiIUcbkeit-HfiTodukt, -^ua experi men tell e-n Itaquem- 
lichkdtiyTUDden waffi man den Kampfauilf Laufi^ vor 
allem bei jlii&sigen Kumpfst often, aicht aiif der Wage ab, 
ttundern miBt ihn nach Kubiluinlliiiietern mi ltd b einer 
Pipette. Durch M 1 1 It i pli kn t.i on tier ungewemieten Auzahl 
Kubik millimeter mit der Dinht.e dris fliieajgetk Kampf»LofTe£ 
ertiait man die gesuchte Zahl c in Milligramincij. Da die 
Dichu- ddh fliJBai^en KanipfFtofFea aicht immer btkannt i&t, 
begnugt man si eh auch ii'oliJ mit der auf Kubikmillimeier 
befjjgeuen TodJichkeitszah! W, Sie weicjit vpn der andnr^n* 

"Iter Gaskanipf und die chemischen Kampfstoffe" 
Julius Meyer, Leipzig, 1925 



-361." 



113 



*iuf MilliffTHinniu bu/Dgm™ Tridliclilii.-il -/;il»l TV im.'i?tr*ni 
ncir uiitrlicl.il lcL ab- 

lu Tub :?,£. 112 r siud die so bcsLiimril'.-n TuJIitbkftLr- 
tu h 1 oi i e i ii fci A nzeih I v on U a 8 k n mpfst off tM3 w i k| er gegtsl Jfii , n ii 1 1 
*waT hiindidl 4jfe Srtoh kicruin urilieh wirknndr Giflc, bri dtwn 
also die etflte H a b e r sehu I'oruid ct = W gitf^ bn denou 
also c-t aekr angenilierl k on riant ist. In flat iiaehtlen 
Tubi-llu fi sind emi^ Trpurpliv wirk'inJtf Gifto fin Keg L-lieu , 
bi-i dene a dip T bdJidikm^iihl von d&r Kuiim itrmiim c uIj- 

^ ^ 

biiugt , 

Klair-iiure ■ '^'-J^ ■' 

Einc UurcliHk'lit teidjj* Tiibellcii Jtcigt itisi, daB die 
trnduionellen Gift* jBljiiuk'iixe, Ob lor, KakknmunuKyiU die 
tinker wogerj ihrer fiurhthnren Wirkung beriicli lipfft und ge- 
fiiirbtnt mkTWX und mil voile m Kedir, auch noch ge-furnhttft 
fakiben iniiKscu, im G-aakumpf kinler ami or en, vriTk*Qineren 
hjtuiltu. wcit xuriiekhtrbtn und duller im Feldc kauiii zu ge* 
branch ea aitid. Dwiti e& ist kauni nuJgUd], mit ibnea 
I< u mpi|ca-5 WQ3koii hiT?.ustH!eu ? d<m--n KmiiiifstoflkMitt'itiTii - 
tlou fiir Jun^fi- Zclt geniiEfctid grofl ist, urn tudlirh ^irken 
35U k onnen. Die* Ertf-'buk i*t fltwan iiborrosdifciid und aeijgi , 
dall auck dji 1 Wi^amnjcliitft. iusbpiondure die ToxikulogJE , 
dnrck d en Gasknm|rf ftLbldidi mi Augdchnung und Vi>r - 
tb-fmiff gey cm rum but, 

Noch E?in B.udcrt!ii Ergebnis hi stdir benierk&ifiwcu, 
namliah djo Tatnadte, dufl su VergiiLuugca durch Kampf 
gvsti kiiufig auBr-rordeiillich kleini? absolute KampMoff- 
mengen genii gen. FIjt Pbosgcii %. B. ist. die Tjk lliebkHN 
e pIl! ci = 430, d. b. fcin Mensch atirbt. werm er oinc WulmU 
liuitf Luft eLnutiinjt r dk Sm Kul>tkun;[.<?r -I T>f J _ mff Pho^cn 
onT,]iiilt. In dieaor Minute aTmet dpr MrhapIi ob*T dutoh- 
HdmittJich 8 1 Luit eiia, so dnB ibm nur B -^/lODoTng Pbwgr. n 
|f]t?icli 3,G Cpg COCl 4 OJgl tidirc warden miiBScn, nm ikn wd- 

Vnrir i. ' l.rnilkrliU K UDI1>PM nlf R . J AllNftEt S 



-3&2- 

Hnrtdreds of pages are tfcrficamd to "animal heat" nrnriical experiments Art we 
supposed tn behave the Germans intended to carry prostitutes around ml their air 

sen riscue operations? 

II Jiiv. « 

Most of the prisoners used died from these experiments,, from 

Internal hemorrhagi: of the lungs or brain. The BUrvWors 
couched blood when teken out. It wess my Job Iti la lip ihe 
bodJca out and a* sonn as lhfy were found to be dead to 
send ihe internal orgun* to Munich for study. About 400 to. 
SOU pfrisoncTS werv expen menlsd on. The SUrvivfirs wetf 
sent to in valid olucki end liquidated shnrtiiy after^'ani, 
Only fl few escaped, 

"5. Rasher fllsu conducted experiments on Iht effect of told 
^aier on human bclnnii. This w.^ dan* m fjrtfj a ^ a „ f fl , 
reviving nirmgn who h ad fallen into the ocean , The aubjeci 
y,rs placed .in Ice cold water and kepi there until he wae 
unconscious. Blood was taken from hjn nedt, and tested each 
lime hip body temperature dropped one degree. This- drop 
was determined hy u rectal thermometer Urine was also 
periodically tested. Some men stood il as lonfi as 34 to 
3C ho urn. The low eat bndy temperature refithed Was lfl 
degreva com i grade, bul most men dli^d at 2S or 26 degree* 
When the men Were removed from the ice Water attempts 
were made to revive them by artificial sunshin*-. with hoi 
wBler. by eledro-therapy, or by animal warmth. For this 
last experiment uri>slttutes wLrr used and thu- body qf the 
Unrajiwip-js man was n ! .arcri hi-iw cen the bodies of iwo 
Wumen l-Jimmler Was present at one such experiment 
I could see him from one of the windows in trie sired 
between the blocks ] ha^ r e personally been preseni at some 
of these euld Water experiments when Ra.idici was absent, 
and I hflvr seen notes and diagrams on them tn RaSchcr'a 
laboratory About 3M persons were used in these experi- 
ment*. The majority (lied. Of those who survived, many 
became menially deranged- Thu&e- who did not die were 
tent to invalid blocks* and were killed Just as Were the 
Victims Of the air pressure experiments. I know only TWO 
who survived, a Yugoslav and n Pole, both of whom are 
mental cases 

"6. Liver puncture experiments, were perform ed by Dr. 
BrachU On healthy people add on people who had diseases 
of the Alomach and gall bladder. For this purpose a needle 
was Jibbed Into the hver of a person and a small piece ol 
the liver was extracted. No Rnaetlhelic was used. The 
experiment is Very painful and often had serious results 



M Ibe Hoinach or larg* btofld tfetsek were otltn punclureri, 
nesujiing tn hemorrhage. Many persoiu died of ihsse lecu 
lor which Faliah. Russian, Czech, «nd German prisoners 
were tmnlo^'ed Altogether ibout HS people were subjected 
to these experiment* 



IMT V 



i?o 



CSee also I Kings 1) 



Typhus as iin epidemic disease of orison catnps spaad hy flea - m lice infeslad 
cloihmg The clulfcinfl must be FttmovBd anil stei Hired 



— 14 — 





IMT XXX 



447 



-}6^ 
Delirium is a symptom of typtms, 
1922 Supplement ro Encylopaadie Bniannica. " Typhus' 



III l piid [ v mfcrtcd districts n lar F p n urnl^r of hnthmr ami di^in - 
fecLini' strifinufi should- hr p^< :■ 1 .1t^li.->.- l atnJ a genera! disinfection of 
people should be carried out. The following procedure, as adopted 
by the American Typhus Commission with most satisfactory results 
in the Serbian cmtdeim'c nf kit^-c is r^^mm nnJ„J 'n,^':„r <_.i 



T'*t L f JJ ■ v-^-^iu jij t-iiij^-i l, 1_J 1 1' J J N ■_' b < '■'• '' I 

CT5.on trues mtn n mom, takes oiT thf> cfothcs. wtm-h arc fctPshlfetf of 



b<JlluLl> nas^ into anoUier m m ii wherr* he is kiiln-d. ibi-n iniu'Ti 
third roo m \Uiitl- he is sprayH ju(1t i^rrd. and finally Enf J .t fonrTT i 
room in v vhu:n Tic receive cle.m or sn.-rilizrd dnMirs . The steriliza- 
tion of the clothes rmiy he cnndui.'U'd by boiling, hut Lhilt still hy 
making them ijtto Ifchtly packed bundles anil placing them in a 
truck or roam into which steam fa blown. 

At ; i ii o k i tie s .—A r k w r i ^ h t , Jin cot and Duncan, Tuuts. Soc Trap. 
MtiL fiMm\ IJorrel, Cantacuzene, Jonesco and Kasha, £& $fr. 
i*/f^, (lyiy); Gumming, Buchanan Castellan! and Visl>ec<i, Report 



MADE IN RUSSIA - THE HOLOCO$T 

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oftf- 



Holociusi accusations fill iniD ill ret cntnguries: the impossibly ridicubus: the 
ridiculously impassible; and ihe hopalessty insane 

To accuse en industrialized nation nf killing millions of people with Diesel exhaust 

and insecticide to ohtam hair socks; hair mattresses; dirty underwear; human soop; 

and a pack -rat's nest full of old watches and used false teeth which weic kepi in a 

bank vault(!) must surely be the product cl a lunatic asylum, 

It remains In suggest a motive loi the fabrication ol these imaossi ble crimes. 

Discussion of German Irealy violations runs to ihousnnds oi pages in Ihe Nuremberg 

triil Iranscripl The proieculms ware obsessed uuith the notion that German lack at 

"guilt" over WW! led to violations ui the Versailles Treaty which "caused" WW2. 

md thai the key to world peace lay in giving. Germans a guilt complex. 

If one believes the Versailles Treaty 10 have been justifiad that West Prussia 

was "Poland"' and not "Germany" . . dian this is loflic»l and has been anUrely 

successful. The laholomiied paraplegic which is the Bundesrepubiik today is rts nwn 

worst enomy- 

The G arm arts wen wall aware ol Allied war crimes ind atrocities the mess 

eitputaans, mass upas* indiscriminate population bombings, sieve labor agreements. 

and katyn . and lull nu guilt for anything in May 1 945. 

Under our system of justice it is not enough to find some violation of some Jaw. and 

it Is not enough to prove that the defendant has a bad moral character. The 

prosecution must prove every element of the offense charged beyond reason able 

doubt and may rial shift the burden of proof In the defense in any way. 



-l^. 



A defendant on trial Jn a ciimmal cess under U.S. law Is not requited to testify, la 
present evidence, lu tall witnesses to delentt himself or lo pi ova his innocence al 

any ome. 

Tna first tNnrj 'he dslensa attorney doe* in a criminal trial under our system of law 

Is lo i a mind the Jury (there is e jury even in military/ triafcf thai accusations are no I 

evidence; dial the aiosecutor's opening and closing statements to the jury are not 

evidence, and thai he and the defendant are no l required to do anything 01 prove 

anything. In the words ol one trial Jawyo*, "Nat one word you have heard up to 

now. including tho last word I just said, is evidence of anything." 

No one has ever bean convicted ol a criminal offense uudoi (J S law on the basis 
of a J 'aoap dish" accompanied by a ' 'confession" which has disappeared, said lo 
hive been signed by an "accomplice" nn nne has ovoi heard of, and which was 

limply turned" by the grp&ccutor 

Ho one has ever been convicted ol a criminal offense under U.S. law on the basis 

of a "report" written by the psoseculars: if tftat were possible, there would be no 

need for a trill, because the indie linunt would suffice foi conviction. 

Ho one has ever been CnnrtClod of a Criminal offense unrfni U S. law un ihr basis 
of A "slu uiihnn head'' ucoamoauuid bv an "affidavit". 






MADE IN RUSSIA - THE HOLOCO$T 

Continue with MADE IN RUSSIA THE HOLOCO$T APPENDIX ONE 
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APPENDIX I; TRANSLATION OF USSR-197, 
STATEMENT OF "HUMAN SOAP" MAKER SIGMUND MAZUR. 

The document is in Russian, and is a "certified true copy" on which the signature is typewritten. That is, where the word 
"signature" appears in the translation there is no signature on the document: only the type-written word "signature. " 

Sigmund, his signature, his statement and his soap may have gone to a better world, but their memory survives in this 

document. The "human soap" accusation is particularly important because it was upheld in the judgement at Nuremberg 

on the same page (IMT 1-252) as gassing millions of Jews and cutting their hair off to make human hair mattresses. 

We have not reproduced the "original document" because it is almost illegible. ( Graphics of Document USSR-197) 

("Human-soap confession" )(6 pages) 
As a "certified photocopy" of a negative photostat of a "true copy" of an original which was never produced, it is a typical 

Holoco$t "document". 



=367- 



Ap pencil* I 

Transition nf fkcumenl 197-US5R 
Statement of Human Soap Maker SigwunrJ Mazuf, 



Appendix II 

Tha Incredible Pedal -Drivian Brain Bashing Mechine; 
or 

How I Helped Kill 8 40. ODD Russians Willi Feet Pavitu 
and Burned me Bodies in 4 Portable Owens 



Aupfliidn "I 

Tha Electlical Frying Steaming Air Pumping Quicklime 

Trapdoor Gsi Cliambeis 

(From ihu Jowish Black Buck Committee. 1 946 ► 



Appondu IV 
Zyklnn Works by Euapnrniion ami Takes 24 Hours to Kill Moths 

AppuudiJi V 

Affidavit Translated into German lm Rudolf HoB 

{(linl signniure may indicate ill hsalthf 

Unsigned Translation into German of Hiffts "Conlsssioo" 

Written in English 

Rudolf 5 "Cnnlcssinn" Written in English by Smith W Bruakhaf(d)r nf rhs U.S. Army. 



~m- 



APPENDLK 1 

TRANSLATION OF DOCUMENT USSR-197, 
CONFESSION OF HUMAN SOAP MAKER 
SIGMUNDMAZUR 

The document is in Russian, and is a "certified true 
copy" on which the signatures are typewritten. That is, 
where the word '"signature*' appears m the translation, 
there is no signature on the document: only the type- 
written word "signature." 

Sigmund. his signature, hia statement and his soap may 
have gone to a better world t but their memory survives in 
this document. The human soap accusation is parti- 
cularly important because it was upheld m the Judge- 
ment at Nuremberg on the same page (IMT t—252) as 
gassing millions of Jews and cutting their hair off to 
make human hair mattresses. 

Ws Ii;ivl- noi rqiruJinvhlK "ciftgittil kliK-unu'm" huL.niSL.- ll is 
;lIiu,m MUrgihk-. rVs. .1 ■*wnii ! fiid phtu^Loin'" ui .1 is^^in i v ,.■ 
ph,U-s>hi1 i^l .1 "imk' t .i|i\" flit Jin iirlymiil ivlvijjtl iVftTi Hl^lt 
priiiliiu''! il [ff II l\pn;il IkiUwiiN ■'Jlvliiul'iu'" 



RECORD OF EXAMINATION 

of (he witness Z, Yu. MAZLfR 

on 11th June 1945 

Mazur declared that he would make his depositions 
in Polish, 

The witness and interpreter were warned of their liabil- 
ity under Articles 92 and 95 of the Criminal Law Code 
of the Russian Soviet Federal Socialist Republic: 
[ typewritten J Signatures, 



QUESTION; In previous examinations, you testified that 
you batted human fat into soap according to a recipe 
given by Professor Spanner. Coutd you tell us whether 
you received the recipe in oral or written form? 



,36*. 



ANSWER. After I revived Professor Spanner's instruc- 
tion CO starl boiling human H\ Into soap, PrdftSSO.i 
Spanner at tirtcCj on lhes.ime day, personally handed (tie 
the recipe far preparine, this soap, in written form, that 
i> to say, the recipe had been typed on the letterhead 
of the. Anatomical Institute, As soon as I had read the 
recipe. Spanner 1 1 ji:i k u from me, and thurc and then he 
told the senior laboratory assistant von Barren to stick 
it to a plywood board, and nail up The board with the 
recipe in thu* tuiiliJiri^ where this soap was prepared. 
Iful h to say, in the second room ol this building— thc 
midilli- room, and Ufln Bargcr immediately carried out 
this task. This happened on 15lli February J/944 in the 
pjescnec of 5etrei,tr> J limn and four students. On that 
same day, wc prepared soap frortl human fat. 

QUESTION: You have buen shuwn a recipe typed in- 
tlw letlerheadof the Ami lorn kdl Institute. What do y<iU 
have to say In renprct of this recipe? 

ANSWf- R The recipe tfiuwn tome, da led I5lh February 

19-M, is the same rccipt about which I have |ust testi- 
fied Ibis recipe was stuck to .1 plywood board which 
tei-ng in the building where soap was prepared. 

r at th kitty taken 'down from my >:urcfa, read to me and 
translated duo my native language, Polish. 

J typewritten! Signature /Mazur/ 
[ typewritten I Interpreter /Kotlyarev&kaya/ 

Examiner Judge-Advocate of thu- Garrison of Gdansk, 
M.i [or of the legal service 

I typewrh ten | /Vodopyanuv, 
The examination was. attended by a member of the 
Special Slule Commission 

[typewritten I /Zimenkov/ 

True copy 

I stamp] Special State Commission 
From the documents of the 



Special State Commission 



-370- 



RECORD OF EXAMINATION 

d( the witness Z Yu.MAZUR 

on 12th June 1945 

The witness and the interpreter from Polish, 
Kotlyarevskaya, were warned of their liability u rider 
Articles 92 and 95 of the criminal Law Code of the Rus- 
sian Soviet Federal Socialist Republic: 

(typewritten] Signatures. 

QUESTION: Could you tell us whether you took home 
with you from the factory arty soup made from human 
fat; how many times, when exactly, and in what quanti- 
ty ; and what /ou did with it ai home* and also, to which 
members of your family you disclosed what kind of soap 
it was? 

ANSWER: Ye$, J took soap made from human fat home 
with me two of three times, in February and March 1945- 
Altogether the total weight of the soap I took home on 
all those occasions did not exceed 4 kilograms. Each 
time, I handed the soap oyer to my mother. My mother 
knew what kind of soap it was. because i had at ready told 
her and my sisters everything in 1944, when we first 
started making this soap, f mean soap made of human 
fat, as a novelty unheard-of untit that time. At first my 
mother did not want to take the soap from me and use 
it. but i convinced her that it was absolutely harmless 
for washing laundry and even for washing oneself, since 
the caustic soda added to ft during its preparation ren- 
dered it completely harmless. To convince them further, 
1 also did what Professor Spanner had done for me and 
my other colleagues in the factory: / took the soap and 
washed my hands with it in front of them, that is, in 
fmnt of my mother and sisters. In spite of this, my 
mother was contemptuous about the soap, but aif the 
same f think my family used it for washing laundry. 
True, none of my family ever asked me to bring this 
soap. The soap J brought home, made of human fat, 
was in the form of a hard lump of white stuff, 
with an unpleasant smeff. 



-171- 



Testimony faithfully taken duwn from my words, 
and Translated for me into my native Polish when read 

out. 

Signatures: 

| typewritten 1 Interpreter /Kgikarevskaya/ 

I . i miner: J udee -Advocate of tfte Garrison 61 Gddii*k, 
Miifor of the Kegfll service 

[typewritten] /Vodopyannv,' 

I ruL' copy: 
[ iUrnp | Special Si.nc Commission 
From the dncumenls of tin.- 
Spi:Li.il State Commission. 

[Handvvril.lun] I here-hy confirm thai the Records of 
Extirtil nation of Z Yu. Ma/ur are exactly reproduced 
from the original tfodurne'tifr The text of I he records is 
f/i« to i!w text ■'■'■' if/f* original!,, which are kept among 
the proceeding oi the Special State C'ommissiw'i fa 

Moscow 

Authored rLpiesenMlivc of Iht- Special State Commis- 
sion, D. Ku^min, 

17/1/1946 



Lupy 
RK.ORDOF FX AM I NAT I ON 

nf vvlinessi 

In Danzig on 2tilh May 1^45. ihe judge-Advocate of 
the rear servltcs- of the Byelorussian Front, Uciltenaflt- 
Colonel Gcitman uf ihir Jcgal services, and ihe |ftyest?gat- 
jng 011 iter of the Judgc-Advocatc 1 * Office of tht 
Second Byelorussian Front, Major Kadenvky of the legal 
vtrvices, examined the undernamed person as a witness, 
and he gave evidence: Zigmund Yuzelovich MAZUR, 
bom in 1920, native of Danzig, a Pole who received 
German citizenship in January 1944; completed 6 
classes of the Polish "gymnasium" (grammar school) in 
Danzig in 1939; a clerical worker; unmarried; according 



372- 



to b ib declaration, noL previously convicted, he lived at 
no. 2,' ft^i.^hprgiSiu (j.m^g A<\d wai L-mploved until 
April 1943 m i IdtiOMtiKv assistant at the Anatomical 
Institute of Dawij^ his mother lives in Danzrg at no. (0, 
NciJichqtiland Street, he has a command of tkt Polish 
and Carman fttnyuOijei. 

the testimony fs translated frvm Polish taro Russian 
by the interpreter of the D,m/:ig .Commandant's Office,. 
Boguslava Kuitinpva.. The word '|srW has betfl 
altered to "Polish," which should bu taken as the 
correct version. 

The witness was warned of his liability for withhold 
ing evidence and forgiving false evidence under Articles 
92 and 95 of the Criminal Law Code of the Russian 
Soviet Federal SucNIasi Republic. 

The interpreter was warned of her liability for 
-refusing to translate and for giving a false transition 
under Articles 92 and 95 of the Criminal Uw Code of 
the Soviet F&teral Socialist Republic. 

In October 1940, whiff* m Uanzig, f w.ts looking for 
work. 

The German official Gustav Lange fnim Ihe Danzig 
employment offke, to whom I had fefyno some of the 
rooms of my flat, promised to find me a better, more 
suitable fob in one of the educational establishments of 
Danzig,, and after this I was sent to the Anatomiea I 
Institute of Danzig, where I began work in January 
1941. Ai first I was working as a courier for three 
months. While working as a courier, I began to uke an 
interest in medicine, and with the help of Lange arid 
Professor Spanner, I was appointed to the post of 
laboratory assistant at the Anatomical Institute, from 
January 1 941 My duties as laboratory assistant includ- 
ed drawing charts and assisting In the dissection of 
corpses, 

The Director of the Anatomical Institute was a 
German from the town of Kid, Professor Rudolf 
Spanner, who reft for the area of the town nf Halle in 
January 1945. 

Professor Spannef's depury was 4 doctor. Senior 
lecturer WoJJmari he was an SS u (Titer, but wore 



-.^.)- 



uvilian clothes, and sometimes black 55 uniform. 
WoJJman was from Czechoslovakia, and his Czeehoslo- 
vakian surname was Kozlik- 

|n January 1945 he voluntarily entered the SS 
fortes.. 

From October 1944, a woman, Fosbeek from 
Doppot, was woi king it an assistant, She left for Halle 
with Professor S^Mner. 

The senior laboratory assistant was von Bargcn, who 
came fp Danzig from Kiel with Professor Spanner, 

The attendant for laying out corpses was a German, 
Reichert from Danzig, who left In November 1944 to 
[Din the German army, Borckman, a German from 
Dan^is., was likewise an attendant, but I do not where 
he is now. 

QUESTION: Tell us- how human fat was boiled into 
soap at the Danzig Anatomical Institute. 

ANSWER: In the summer of 1943 1 a one-storey stone, 
building with three rooms w : as bull: Inside the yard next 
to the Anatomical Institute. The building was construct- 
ed for processing corpses and boiling out bones: this was 
the official announcement made by Professor Spanner. 
This laboratory was designated as it laboratory for 
preparing human skeletons and incinerating flesh and 
su perilous buries. But as early as the winter of 1943- 
1^44, Professor spanner gave the order to collect human 
fai and not. to throw It away. This order was given to 
Reichert and Borckman. 

In February 1944, Professor Spanner gave me a 
recipe for making soap from human fat. This recipe 
gave .instructions to take 5 kilograms of human fat. with 
10 litres of water and 500 or 1,000 grams of caustic 
soda, boil all this Tor 2*3 hours, then leave tocooL The 
soap floats to the surface, and the residues and water 
remain at the bottom, in buckets. Common salt and a 
further handful of soda were added to the mixture. 
Then fresh water was added and the mixture was again 
boiled for 2-3 hours. After coding, the finished soop 
was poured out into moulds. 



-574- 

The soap produced had an unpleasant smell. To 
eliminate this unpleasant smell, benzaldehyde was 
added. 

The work of preparing soap from human fat began 
in January 1944. The senior laboratory assistant von 
Bargen was the immediate head of the soap factory. All 
the equipment was taken from the Anatomical Institute. 
The first patch of corpses was delivered from 
Konradsiein, from Ihe psychiatric hospital. I do not 
remember the quantity. 

Apart, from this., there was a forge supply of corpses 
in the Anatomical Institute, amounting to about 400 
corpses, A large number of the corpses were decapitat- 
ed. The decapitated corpses had been guillotined in the 
prison of the town of Kbnigsberg, and in 1944 a guillo- 
tine was set up in the Danzig prison, I saw this guillo- 
tine in the yard, in one of the rooms of the prison; I 
saw it when I went to the Danzig prison for corpses. I 
attach a sketch of the guillotine. 

When I arrived at the prison for corpses, the corpses 
were fresh. Just after execution, and we received them in 
a room next to the one where the guillotine was. The 
corpses were still warm. 

On each corpse there was a label giving the surname 
and year of birth, and these names were noted down in 
a special book in the Anatomical Institute. I do not 
know where thai book Is now. I went to the prison in 
Danzig for corpses 4-5 times. 

From the Stutthof Camp, Borkner brought four 
corpses of Russian people, men. 

Borkner and Reichert collected Tat from human 
bodies. 

/ boiled soap from bodies of men and women, One 
productive boiling took several days, from 3 to 7 days. 
The two buffings which I know about, frt which i took a 
direct part, yielded a finished product of more than 25 
kilograms of soap. Far these boilings, 70-80 kilograms 
of human fat were collected from about 40 corpses. 
The finished soap wab passed to Professor Spanner, 
who personally stored it in his home. 

The Hitler government was, f know, interested in 
the work on production of soap from human corpses. 



-.w5- 



The Minister of Lducalion Rust. The- Minister of HeJlh 
I'kusthiil, the ^Hiukucr ol Djiiug Albert . , .tslcs 
|^iMi,\mL' p;ir Lly illegible! » and also many professor* 
from other mediuil institute, iiimc to the Anatomical 
IrvtitutL. 

So / personally used soap made from human fat for 
my mishiny and laundry requirements. I look 4 kilo- 
grams of this soijp for my own personal us*. 

Since this work on s<*ap production w,h being 
earned out on Pxqft&Qt Spanner's orders., I considered 
it a normal occurrence 

Reich ter, Borckman, von Bargen and our boss, 
Professor Spinner, as well as all our other cailed&utis, 
also took soap for their personal Ube. 

This soap was also given to some itudenb who were 
helping in the work. 

Professor Spanner said the production of soap from 
human fat must be kept secret. 

The production of soap in our institute was of an 
expcrimerU.il nature, but I do not knov> when it wjs 
suggested ih.it corpses should m used for soap produc- 
tion on a large scale. 

Professor Spanner was frying to obtain OS many 
corpses as possible, and &&i corresponding with prisons 
and camps, with which he was negotiating for corpses n 
these plates to be reserved for the Danzig Anatomical 
Institute. 

In the preparation room, v*e shaved ihi! corpses which 
arrived, and the hair was burnt, in any case, the facts 
about use of ruir arc unknown to me. 

In exactly the same way js human fat, Professor 
Spanner ordered trial human skin should be collected; 
after deceasing, it w Li s treated witch certain chemicals. 
The senior assistant von Bargen and Professor Spanner 
himself attended to the production of human leather 
The processed skin was stored In a bo*., and went for 
special purposes, what purposes these were, J do 'net 
know. 

Conferences of a srienti Ml nature Uiok plate in the 
Anatomical Institute, and 1 know of about three suth con- 
U-rcnces, but I cannot ss$ what was discussed, s)fjc« I 
did not attend them. 



-m.- 



Corfecily taken down from my wvrda, translated into 
Polish for me, arid con firmed by me. 

[lypewritlcn | Zigmund Miizur /signature/ 



Judge-Advocate o1 (he teat service of the 

2nd Byenkirussian Front, Liemenant-tolonrl 

of Ihe legal service, 

| typewrit u-n] /Geiiman/ 

t>. ami rung Officer. Major a|" the legal service, 
] lyp^wi nteri| A, Kaden^ky 

f typewril ten | I nierprct.er B. Kuirinova /signature/ 

Certified true copy 
| stamp | Special State Com mission 

From the documents nf the 
Special State Cummfssion. 

[handwritten | I hereby confirm Lhat this Record ' of 
Examination of ihu witness Zigmund Mazur [s exactly 
reproduced from thu original rcconJ. 

The text of the record is true to the text of the ori- 
ginal which is kept among the proceedings of the Sptdd 
State Commission in Moscow, 

Authorised representative of the Special StgttJJ 
Commission, D. Kuzmm 

20/1 / 1 946 [stamp] Special Stale Cnmmhuioqn 

\Atl \rgnalure$ typewritten unless otherwise stated, J 



I OOTNOTt:: 

We have been unable to locate ihe trousers made til human skin {page 5J) in 
any archive, Wl- have also been nnuhle lo locale the Stick* ttVttlfc ol human hair 
{paV- 78). or the origma 1 wwrtiflW tierman documents- Tht- disuLiin^ni,-. sillu^J 
bv Telford Taylor to be in the Fett'Cfi Palace ot the Haiuie.lWcxample (The L sc 
ofCapturpd U*rimtn anil Related Records in <hi> Nuremlicrji War Crimes Trial, In 
Captured and Related Records, a National Archive Conference*, edited h> 
pberl Wollc. Alliens Ohio. I <H4. available I mm the National Archives, are 
not l he re. 

W L - have, however, found the human soup. Thislorensicalh u mestcd cvide nee 
ol unknown origin. fTTu thus day. the iinym ol the soup milking mmour h;is 
not been traced". Hilberg, 'revised, definitive"' Destruction (if (he 1 urupean 
dews. Holmes and Meier/Scw York. 19*5* p:9&6) is in Ihe Peace Palace ol the 
I lU$m. along wiih [faie forensieully untested human s&ifi' samples ol unknown 
origin and iwi* sieel whips (1MT XVI - 546). 

Ol the (wo 1 1 1 i t i ^ Ln |uim;in soup witnesses - signers ol mm liliIIv eoniradieiory 
hearsay affidavits prepared with the help ol oilier people - John llenry Wnum 
has apparently emigrated, while William Anderson Neely lives in Scotland. He 
fia.s declined to discus* his experiences, and appears unaware that his story could 

make him vvcallhy. 

The "top secret" Otikr I" rvtakc Micks out "I human lum fUSSR-51 1), la ken 
seriously hv Ihlhcrii. page l »54. hininole 2b) and by |he InMitiil I'm 
ZeityesLhichlc lOrKanisierier Mussenmord in M-u*hmiihi>/ialiMischen 
VVrnietituniJsluycrn hv I no Aiudi and Wolfgang Scheilkr. footnote }}) is an 
-'original doaimcin". hut the Russians tnok ihcoiigmal back to Kus>iii with 

I hem 

The doe nine n I itswll & U nearly illegible negative photoslui wiiha lypewrilten 

signature, a type writ ten heading, an illcgthlc initial certifying il as a "true 

eopy'\und two Ucnu.m stamps. Ihe socks are not attached. 



MADE IN RUSSIA - THE HOLOCO$T 



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APPENDIX II 



THE INCREDIBLE 
PEDAL-DRIVEN BRAIN-BASHING 

MACHINE 



or 



HOW I HELPED KILL 840,000 RUSSIANS 
BY "FEET POWER" AND BURNED THE 

BODIES IN 
FOUR PORTABLE OVENS 



(Ti.nivUiiiin 1'iuni Liu 1 uiiljjulI Klissjjjj. n[ L -va:rpL uT 

'Vunk^ "' i 'I PiUfl Wiikliit.Lii]]. Do.LLiniurLL .rSS'R -SI 

NinemKMji Trials, nnpki^ it* atfifcdl 



"At the end of 1941, thtt SonderkvTnmaTtdo of the Security 
Police, which was directly subordinate to the SUtc Office of t.he 
FiihrRr Adolf Hitler, killed {140,000 Russian prisoners of war 
in the Sachsenh^usen Camp. I have tlie Following to report on 
this 'Special Action:" 



■Tfk* KufiSMti prisoners ft u lu a'.friVJcd ui Siidtsi-nhmiserT Stsuinn on 
nU'iL'iuwd^l ^huLs H-Liins I im dtiv fr 10 mtfflw ji riuaL l-:k'It ol ilium 
<;irryiiifi [Mh So Qtpry dajfi 23, USUI Nu^mn jiikomrs ul war arriu-ri. 
rM'L-uiitiii ^mimmed IVii W 1 <Ln> h was inU'iajnt^J Kl-lhii-^c of in 
oulhriMk ui ivplnh Tlu> aimp ua^'lo^d Tlu' cM'attinn UoT;idinn-ni 
uiiU ihcii ;i|ip:i ninth k'll &U ■lu-iilmii^-n Gimp. I did nni Iil-:ii wfit b UlL l r 
Ihe L-MuniukiULiii wax u ■ -nt i ini^it m \imic • >i lu- 1 plaa.\ h'tftllu^ i Wlfr 
lit It [ iri.LjiLii'iintJiK' wiiJi suspk-VtoU typing" 



Eiecutifin (if l he Prisoners 

"From the station to Ihe camp, the line of Russian prisoners 
of war stretched for about a kilometer. They stayed in the camp 



Tor une night without fW. The following evening, they wen- 
taken out for GKecution. 

"All the time, the prisoners were being taken from the inner 
camp on three trveka, one of which I was driving. The inner camp 
was about 3/4 kilometers away from the execution yurd. The ex^ 
ecuti On .itself took pbee in a barrack b, which had bean equipped 
for this purpose not long before One room was for undressing 
and another was the waiting room. In the rooms, a radio was 
playing quite laud music, to prevent the prisoners frnm guessing 
that death awaited them. From the second room, they went one 
by one through a passage into a small screened-ofF room, on the 
Hoar of which was an iron grating; under the grating, a drainage 
canal had been made. As soon as a prisoner had been killed, the 
corpse was carried away by two German prisoners, find the blood 
was cleaned otTth* grating, En this small room, there was a slil 
measuring about SO centimeters. The prisoner stood with the 
back of his head to the slit, and a gunman who whs behind the 
slit shot him- In fact, thii arrangement was unsatisfactory, be- 
muse the gunman olleu failed to hit the prisoner After eight 
days, a new system was introduced They stood the pnsuner 
against the wafl, as before, and then slowly lowered an iron plnte 
onto his head. The irtm plate contained & hammer, which 
came down and hit the prisoner on the back of the head, 
so that he fell down dead. 

"The iron plate was con trolled by means of a foot- 
operated lever which was in the corner of this room. The atten 
dants weTe from the above mentioned Sonderkammaruk). At the 
request of the officials of the execution deLachmfint, I, toe, 
operated this apparatus. 1 will speak about this beEow. The 



■__ ^^ j- _■■_ — .— . ^^dbi w • ■ i ■ in ^ 



rt,^ «.a«« lrillaH in fhiU wflV WPTf hlLTTlt !□ 



pnsoner? 01 wnr whw wcic nm^u «j «■*» ™— j "--— 

Tour mobile crematoria, which were transported tin a truck 
trailer. 

"All the time, t had to drive from the inner camp to the execu- 
tion yard At night, \ had to make 1 trips at intervals of about 1 
minutes; During these intervals. I witnessed the execution One 
of the members of the execution detnchnierrt p whose surname J 
nrver knew, suggested that 1 should operate the appai-atus. 
agrftei In each interval I killed 8-10 people So in one m^ht I 
killed S'O-100 people During the period of execution I personally 



-m- 



killed 2ADQ 3,000 Russian prisoners of war, some of whom I shot 
with a pistol, and others I killed with the apparatus described 
above Once more 1 repeal that out of a total of 8-10,00(1 Ru 1553 an 
prisoners of war, 1 personally killed 2,4000-3,000 people. I myself 
expressed a wish to operate this apparatus The olficia] of the ex- 
ecution commiHsion could not compel me to do so , because he was 
not my superior. There were no other methods of .* edition apart 
from these,.. 

"1 can now make no further statements, I have described 

everything, If I remember anything later. 1 shall voluntarily 
report it. 

" I have compiled and written the present sup piemen! 
myself , and I confirm Lhia with my signature.'* 

[Statement is printed in Russian* 

{Name "Pant Waldnumn * Is printed! Paul Waldmann 



roznan, I u June iy4& 



(Handwritten) 

I hereby confirm that these documents are true copies of 
the original* which are kept among the proceedings of the Spe- 
cial State Commission in Moscow. 

Authorised representative of the Special State Commission, 
D, Kuimiii, 70/1946 

( Stamp) S pecia I State Co m mbsio n 



THESE TRANSLATIONS ARE NOTARIZED. 



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APPENDIX III 



-.isl- 



Thfl Elfidrical Frfing -Steaming* Air- Pumping Quicklime 
Trapdoor Gas Chnmbers (194E1 



AtfWHtLATION »*3 

tmm with machine gun* mi their lide*. Hundreds of hand* were 

ctinist nut rhrough rh= wurc-cLivered windows. One and the »me 
cry bunt from their lip* "Waier, bring uk wiser!" 

Most of them came from Western Poland and did row ha« the 
■lightest idea where they were being taken. The German* ordered 
them to eke clothes and valuable*, promising that this was only 
■ transfer to another district where they would start i new life, 
A few Poles went to Eelzet lo investigate the miner. The former 
Russian-German frontier hid been near BcIzk* The Russians hid 
buiir MwruivT underground furtiiieaaons there, After their with- 
drawal these forriiicaTJons felt into German hinds. 

Consignments of jew* began to arrive at Belzec in March 1041. 
The trains entered the under ground am it a cnirairi point. Each 
train carried about 10,000 Jew*. An hour liter an empry tram left 
ac another point- This was the regular procedure at Belaec, 

The news of what happened iprcad rapidly throughout the 
district. Sometime* young Jew* succeeded in jumping out of the 
death trains, If they were not shot by the guard*, they might reach 
Riva Russka, the rawn closest to Beliec Bur their number wi 

veiy smalL . 

Th fr frW eamn is biifr tmdfrprmin.l |f ]j « decrnc cmn- 
iprjurn. "here arc Wg hi\k m the undcretcmnd bu.Uinrv Peo- 
ple were nken our g ffit r nilwiv can into the firsT bail. Then 
thev were led rule J t» tkc second hat! Here the Door rescrnWd 
an cnormnus plate. When the crowd Hi men stood on it. cTe floor 
^iL aeep Into J *™>1 of water. I he moment tKT men sank 
un to Thetr neck a powerfu l electric mrrrnTof rnitUnns of toIb 
^fei nawJ through, k.iling thrm =11 at on«. %fa floor rose 
a^m and 3 wctmJ dei-cne current wis pas sed though the bodies, 
ourrung them until nothing wa lef r of the victims save a few ashes. 



... but * Crust of Bread " 

Low, dart tails wit-hoot benches « bunks; dampness, odors of 



deny; • amall barred winoow mrougn wiwm m? >«ji v-"— — 
ihU was the Jewish priioo on LenEcko Street in Lvov. SS goard* 
juTTouiid it oo all ndcs. _ 

My brother and I were arrested on a fab* charge ot having 



-382- 



40! 7W£ *L/*CK £QQ« 

power for die Treblinka station. This waste ps contain', fwr n> 
three per cent of carbon monoxide which bindf the hemoglobin of 
the blood into one tobd combinonon called drbfuhcmi-giobin. 
This carboy hetnogLo bio if i much more durable coricliJtiriatioQ 
than oiiheuioglobin which is formed through contact, in the olveofi 
of the Jung*, of the blood with oiygtn of the air. Within fifteen 
minutes the hemoglobin in the h uman blood combines with 
the carbon monoxide, and then the victim breaths into empti- 
ness. Osvgrn ceases to enter his body ind rymproms of otfygen 
deficiency appear the tiean begins to wprlc furiously and drtvet 
the blood into the Jungs, but the blood poisoned by carbon mon- 
oxide fails to extract oxygen f torn the air, Tbe breathing become* 
raucous, and a feebng of dreadful suff ocarion, follow*. Coascious- 
ness dims, and the vicTEm perishea as if Strang led. 

The itemd Treblinka roe? hod, and the more widespread on e. 
connived of numnin e. all thf air que ft urn the cha[ubers_wMth_jjrg e 
Iperuf pLsmpj. Bv tbii nictimJ deat h ensued from 'pnjjjaiDiiich' 
ilif same causes as from Eioiscining wi ch earbortnioTioxio'.c~ ll n-j j. 
deprived jri f n jygen . 

An^^naTTVj^tj^^hird^nerfjrel^Jc^ 
stram^ b ared ilmon de privatiun oi mn-een rhe art an; dmvc air ou r 
o f the chamber, Many kinds al ■pakon jmes wer"e~m^ rem Kitt 
these were only for experiments. The industrial methods of mass 
killing- were those mentioned above* 

Thus, the entire function of the Treblinka convenor-belt m-v 
wsxemarlcally to tale away from man all thar which for ccntunei 

nan Ivm hie bi'iwii niwhii 'Fkt-tf litvrni ■■•<•« olu f»». - "■ J_ . 



■ Sri *.*> ^j LI IIU 



1**1 "Jin- * ■*»* uim-ivj' it* «i unci) jiUFii man, mtn 

hi* home, then hig ctumtry. and rhen hf was carted away 10 4 rumc- 
le» wasteland. Then, on the nation platform, they took awav from 
him hii belongings, Jetted phwographi of his dear onesi and then, 
inside the camp fence, they toot away his mother, wife and child. 
Then they took iu™y from tl« naked man his documents tod 
tossed them into the fire: thus man/j name was taken sway. He vaj 
driven mito t corridor with ■ low ceiling and deprived of the tky t 
the scars, che wind, the sun. 

The bodies were loaded onto curt* and brought to the huge 
gnvepic There they were placed in rcwi cIdsc to one another. 
The pit remained uncovered, ir waircd. And at rha muc K when die 



>#& 



"Ln io+i J wai at tht Westerbork c*mp with my family. There 
fwert S^oo people then, -and every Tuesday i,w» were taken 
fcway ro Poland. They always wem away calmly, btcaoK poat- 
Lrk from WJodown tan by these who had be*o taken iwiy 
Erevioosly rounded reassuring. The card* woe primed and 1 
learned later that before they died, people -were compelled to 

isign them. 

; "1 fled from Wenerbork and vu hidden, bm my parent* were 

W co Poland- Then a German agent b«x*yed mt For two 

months 1 was kept in prison in Amsterdam and then aent to the 

Voght camp. In March 1043* w *«* t ^ tsn tD **•** Many 

hoped to meet their Telaave* there, 

"BcfoJ-e we left, the sick were created by Dutch nuns. When 
vc pised through Germany, German nunc w«H rhr™gh * nc 
coaches, handing our medicine* TO the lick. Who would have 
thought that we were being led to ■laughter? 

"I irrived at Sohibur on April *, 10+j. In the yard of Camp 



No. a men were oraerta no imb«»- 



nken io Camp No. 3. ., _..,- 

"A German officer selected twenry-eight prk for wort m Lamp 

No. 3. E was among them, ( 

"] payed it Sobibur for five months, (omng die clothing 01 
those who had been muidered.*' 

Trie prisoner* working in Camp No. j were known « (he 
bathhouse gang." Work there went on njiceaintfty: they were 
tilling thousands of people daily. 

The "bathhouse" was 1 windowles bricJt building. Owrwoff- 
fuehrer Hettinger ww always itatiMicd before its iron doore. 
Peoplc were tent into the "bathhouK™ in parties of 70C-S00. 



r.*< u» filtered j™ frc "harhh^r-" ftrjfflgfi I fag ^ ? Cr 

m L, ^rrhed tV mr^ "f ■ttfrvTFJJM"" HP a n " v ™ I 
Ar « «l™al the n. »*lv r.F « t was c"» ** th f rtnor ot ihe bath 
h ft L W > 'owncd..ndthc loHi^ drained b^nw. 1 he pn5oncr*wctfV 
E? ,.,„i„~, n rf Ufn l™d i! he bnd es and eirTthemawBY, 



hmi «" owncc^ mtUfle some? oropn eu »™>™ - ' - — ------ 

L .mdeWrmind ^ ™ '™d »*« bVf" ™* »rr tnem away 
"iridic Scaling Uhe ©J™ didn J t fear any ev^oe^ They 
just buried the "bodies In iOf J they began to dig up the bodies 
md bom them, A party of s jo prisoners worked at the ovens- 



-.1«4- 



*7<* TU£ SUiCK BOOK 

bare flesh Took phot:. ^'One mm, ifier having hi* bacl: burned, a* 
senr outside to work uirii 600 pound-, tif wood t*cd to his bare 
tm cL, In tlic cement fiooi of rhar room 1 rimneJ has been due 19 



eaxrv ivav ihe blood," 

Pali] M. -G. Levy, prof eaor ai the Initicuit der Havre t Etudn m 
Brussels and head of die Belgian Radio ^ew* Service before ha 
country wru invaded: #ave ■ written statement to the press in Lon- 
don on November jo, jo+j. ihordy ifieor his escape from lircen- 

A g TBLL deal ho.-, been published ibmm the Naay concentration 
camp*. Many of the Rdicrnorts made were hardly credible, and 
before the w*r. *ery often, [ refused to believe them. Whn I 
have Emee M*rt and experienced /nr Tnyteli" during « veaT'l detaO- 
tran if Rremdcinck. however T turps^M am-thinrr thatl hid! previ- 
ously read, and nov. my oed uhcy l> of another kind: I fed *i if 
1 had had i frightful nightmare mod wonder how my mind could 
B*er have imagined mth homon. 

Breendoncik is more horrtbJt than T>achiu and BuchrnwaJd were 
before the n\ar. Men who ■acre once prisoners in German eon- 
cmn-MioTi camps, afrenvardi emigrated from Germany, and weir 
arrested ifim in Belgium, have confirmed rhu, to me mart than 
once. It is due principally to ihe jnUowing rea&oiu: 
The nreendnncli camp (from the Gcnmn poutr of wew) 
I. lE situated on encmv territBrv;, 
i. reserved for the most part enemy nationals' 
j, exasui while military operations "(not always victorious) an 

in pmpre» etaeu-'hrre, 
4. if dtrecred by £S men whose minds are never at res, adn« 
eheif lives are in danger every lime they leave the camp 

More than ido persons were killed «eh month at Brccndonck 
according to Frank Fisher, uhp reported for the United Pfest on 
the camp a year later,** His guide, who told him of the deaths, led 
Fisher through the torture chambers, the whipping foams, the 
burning room. rh c hanging room. "One cell," the correspondent 
*™«t fl ci»nramcd nor^jqr hut an air numn with 3 vmt on^nfe In 
ihe w-all v.i- a Uni t rhrou-jh .tyhich rhe Ccrmam ftiiccL- he 

vjcrim ^i^ rTT'ung enu'ucii he cnuEd h mp m rTCili^IrandTeep 
mselj X-g fig a ^h-Jlc, The weal dW om cJ.lv." r 



--1S5- 



>to 7WE BL^CK BOOK 

*j *fc™ whv Momnsd *vrn there. In Furk, 1 



Jewtafc vrganiiMDBU, t aecrer one, helped imrf ai many jewi * 
possible n onocxnpjed France. Many of the pwpk in Ac ■«** 
onrtnizaticna pud nodi Their bvei 

in the ocnuMUTioan camp a-Giut. in die nt^ibariwod of ma 
Spanish border, jo*n» m 40**** J™* **" "i^ T^* ** 
GauIluT fm*ip helped many to crape » Spain *nd Swinerianf 
with filK docnnKna* FT* 1 ** tnoney, eircrvihing- 

On NoTEmber 11, 1943, die whale of France: ™ occupied bj 
German troops. >Jow the Jew* wcrt wichoni my proccctmL 
There wia rtrribk panic among them. 

Thev weir poisoned in rhe camp. In truck* which *Tff mgig 
DO hold Twenty petite, the Gcrmim. plarfd a hund red . Quiclikimc 
was y>l.ji-e-j on the floor about Ten jncriei dee p" The dooriTwtK 

l ej hetTBHicallv. TW people had in pm cheu "^f-HJ* 
i.j 5TirT the lin!e Cxk^Lrif. Ui--" jnJ Fume* cime up avnl chnk^ 



UJl 



Hl'H 



thTT to dcjth~B*HJUci were throivri imp mega! cremjmr;eT« 
die border between German)- and FoUnd ind burned chert. The 
German* iaid it *"15 the nni£ economical method. Their rood* 
wis. "Kill Russian* with bullcts-Jewi with gn." * 

The coGcentrarion camps in France ranged in methods of cru- 
elty from the flow jarvanori at the RoytlUeu camp near Com- 
piegne, to the romm chambtn and modem crematory at Stnathof , 

in Alsace- 

Francois Mauriac, writing" in the January jo. i94J* number of 
F/£JTf), reviewed 1 boot about Roy allien by Jean Jacques Bernard, 
who had been imprisoned there. Miuriac wrote. 

Here s 1 witneai who never raise his voice* who pimply "ft 
whit he hu leu , . . A camp without forced Labor, wiihour na- 
ture chamber, without poison gas, without a crerruscary; ■ camp 
harmleti in appearance . . . a m* amp. if one may ay ». Tat 
executioner did rwt ihow himself, He direcred everything froa 
Paris. Hb directives were ample. Me in hts victim* done; it *w 
merely a matter of allowing them to die, linJe by lirde, of hnnper , 
They received scarcely inverting to eat^ khip. a Linje margarine 
No packages from rhe outside were penrdrxed. 

At Royallirv minds burn into icmm?, wavered and finalb 
died The once enrhusiasrie hsencn grew drowsy. They doled 
off £rom wcakneaii this w» already the ateep of death. Soon then 



■ TSlfi 



1&4 THE BLACK BOOK 

My brother Lcib walked in this dieadftJ funeral procession wifl 
hk wife Riva, die twins in bcr anns, and her blind father* Quia 
Shapiro. Many Russian and LJkrainiag neighbors end friends wem- 
afloug .with the }ewt At the cemetery, tbc Jews were forced u j 
undrcs, Fifty -ei* thousnd jews vert slaughtered. Thoae who did, 
not die instantly wot buried alive. For dure day*, the shooting 
could be beard. The deep rapine was full fa 

On September 30th* 1 new order wu tuned **Whoever cofr* 
ceils m Jew wil] be ihoc Whoever gives up ■ Jew will iccent" 
100 marks."" 1 later learned that many Russians and Ukrainians had 
caved Jewish child rcn. 

It became dangerous to remain in Kiev. Early in October, I 
JcFl Not far from Kiev, a German patrol stopped me, ''You ire 
a paftban!" he yetled and took me to the KfrHmandanv. They 
sent me b2.de to Kiev t to the coneentneion camp on Kirilo* 
Street. 

During the first days in the Kirilovka concentration camp they 
garr m pracrically nothing kj cut, I had the great famine to hnd 
two potatoes on which I lived for eight days. One hundred and 
fifty to two hundred people died daily from hunger and thirst- Ob 
The ninth day we were fed. The ration consisted of 100 grams of 
bread and half a liter of muddy soup. Hunger tortured us. Our 
swollen tongues were covered with ■ hard white film. We labored 
from dawn to dark. The Germans would lead us pas* lakes and 
springs. 'Whoever taicd to bend over for a mouthful of water was 
shot on the spot. 

On The tenth day we were driven no the Lukyanovka ravine. 

We BQod trwrc-paTuc-BDrickerL From beneath the freshly ttffwi 

cartjjj^ealTjtcrnvcri of bipod, the blood uF eq.pqo tnurdci Uvn . 

: cried out to us ftorn beneath' "the" eacxh. Mv hair turned mt 

that mornin g. 

"Cover the accursed Jewish blood]" the officer ordered. 

Several dap later, they tool us to the Golosayev woods. Tl* 
woods were brightly lir up with huge bonfires. We saw sumptu- 
ously set tablet At the tables sat officers in parade uniforms. Neat 
the bonfires were many small children trembling with fear. Theft 
were Ukrainian and Russian children among them. I heard out 
German officer explain to the soldieri how the game was to be 



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APPENDIX IV 

-W- 
Zyklon works by eva paraxon and lakes 24 hours hi kill moths 



L . I -■ nD 1^ I C ■' T*t mJi'ibftHL iI(hii(( 



Tl ttf lB U TI fl H gJ Jflfl> MB. Iff- TTOf 
Of flea of Chlir of Quuj>nL for 



m.tffl-trra fob mc uss pi fJfaajg A&13 ftmaO 

L, FfumrjUi gr prviiH; ion), < h jd rnb j*P jj: lajj l 
Frusalc ce !■ il la a p» whl<m li &■] na.ffa.to d. bj <jt» a&rfl 1 : mi ■ 

fr*itUi(; jqLiiC: - 1$ to&runai Coat* 
agastric irsvityi Di65 

Stnaur du-ial ty : 0<3?. (Air: 1.0) 

'r- Lipoid VYAper>t!» cutlr. 

liqUlfl: lrMpp»rntt, aclttirltil, 

goGlii jiaulLer, rt^uniTjlj bwdi!!., 

3xErtarCtnB,rlXT £r-nt pllhsij-biItj pgwjr" , 

?ru.= iln sold la ibiiuLc In Ht;:> 

fla&F- n,r <j;l5llil]l . "H I Jjrua»U! a* Id. 1 CBS *U- MJarJial 

ap p J H? *l - cr sf-fftL. fl-13 | EhF e'i| iaLSiirai , f ool tgplj&lt&TOl* 

prqfiil* Rttl oay ant ^h tonwgfc* IjfcM ooitiet »Lth j^i d?ib 

flume. ejIewlnG *ir=i etc., tumid*, tban It bil'raJ lie *LvVily 

aid Id on all in iffjcttif:ji=ii. < o iT* nnia tela,, *at;r «r.£ 

jUfii proaMs icld nn pf n£ tl n llj no lndiepH'Mc Lrrttin^ 
•fJKltiS it !■ htfitljf tirlo ut T^rj daring r niia , FruuiE 104.4 

1» QBL qf "!il. flu it pOWSrfdl JK>L«»:i* 1 ** J AT k£ Of body 
wqisftt 11 Jurftalofit La Hi; a bua«n. bdUlf . JflKtt ana 
n Jillir-S RT- 1 |«aC.r«3.LJ T nom auao J? tl Dl 3 tAm acfl* Vjr* 
■i-mil ■^nj.nti cf jruaai.3 ■;- 1 .1 So n«?'- iujr± tfl- susan araJj , 
tm If tre,atrij.d ndsyjlOUfll. Hffli blUB, flillJB *ite 



jitr-.lai IatIj m us = jpim j.o «■ prttame •Ami 
TmrtP tff:gT.j Ef._ lr,i.ct$ i 

1?H- trff.irn or prvaall asla. em Lnaiflt* 4* Apt JuptiiiA «l 
lil; t:ii^tntttrt ft tb. i»ai ixUnl ai in*t of otti^r eai;» P 

1 



-3S&- 



ir-JWrn-n i< i.;- , ir ,.„ — r.-..| H ;,- 



THAJ"3UITJ»: OT MO. Hfi. 



tbat it, It !■ alto urfaotLfa In low vi«^ ura tunn (uyjh at 
! iusrcap Oanc.J T|ia qqi a-f aur liiieee*, BBitlculirlj «r 

feu*) EtUp, in icn ■uaatft,»la fJm, ttw Mll-fcfnmi 

LnnaetB . 

Toil'; grr^eta ar. jlantP i, 

Thfl dfljrao of i paucity <Upooa,ii u tb3 typn of T;g: ration 

flfi th" plants. PlfiJlt* Will* ttlok ItiTiJ ■« 1:11 1 ■ '*■£■ i.TClblC 

'-No.'i Vticus with, tin.-, on a. Hilda* mi drj-rot irr cot 

JtilLsl bj priiaala i.aifl h pjypplc aalS Hcui n*t 4intrg,f TuttclTia 

ZTKLdi; It int. ■anrjj^icJi or ■ mLtkltu at jMiilg is LI jmi *..-. 
irrltaj-.t by a curls r. W QB fi flbrd llftfln. i rtlflUh bctf-vi 
Granular tfiti* (B4*Jt?MM - Ql> irartl) ar uulU &Jjm oubia 

(-7CD} *Vi QUO, U iiff!Ji4 

ilpurt fjxn «UrrtJift Iti piir^pifl bb India at or, Ebli 
lmtnit nLag ba» ',33 adrantaja of illauliEinf tint raj pi ration, 
or Uuctu. FMLiaia mid pjij tfij irritant afc is eu, rat -id 
Ihxs'j':-! J^-,11 -.Tap-? rating , 2yfc>gn «ilt BTHp fn* J nmntba, 
das ilaiTJi.3.. li :if.i rlTPl. Til 3 pfratdUr,! cf 1 DOJ1 MlJt all QE 

mie lij! it one i. tlu.nl e friuslo acd! dung:i pollaA, La^ar, 
paint iti, c«:ii,i piuula a aid 11 tiarnlta-i . T aj toxicity 



■ ■ ■ ■ u -muj-u. m ■■■■ ■ ■ J-k,^i mh H MMftriapVU H f ■■LJ.IJ BUU^- j^|j gy Ua 1 ! ■ 

uriti^tj *nc du«,r aew^irtai wit a Lt ii ii^i^jr 

li'kluii :u t'- t-ojldarcfl by fl OOibUBt ton , 
III ■ JsHllp'l; pQlBQIiiail , 

ELuij^ai^ Jiqafliahd, ifanitlng, Bonarmi tatU^g , f 
alckiWip, etc,' XL1 tbaPS ftlfflpLOAl paJIB ir on: inwjilncaly 

f3t« out Jptq :,tn> rrcnb il*, JUnDbjpl i-dQugdj rLiMhuioa to 



33* 



i r -^gcTlie *' it-r ■iinmn +*r -•mi 



TftAnsunTtf or poem, 



fp^ltBiiac. 

frocrLna: \ trtlot GirlUial or Yn-rluol In octet to 

ppovajit heirl aJjgrHarih Jf uofl-3i*trj rgp<s*t *.rtjr 2-] bmiri. 

Tlw irrict^J L^r«™v "HI Efll.lapi' a mfljonlj a-"-3 feint , 
Tint *Uj frcil: «*jr, roauvo mi utt, Loo*^ glotblnc, 
ipM-J nr Si riaj.nl rctplJUt Von , LeD 1-ljl P lit JSMUbOU L-.T 0,CHf 
tX> r.nt five tejL'jiiar inj -etl-ona . 

[pose ? «r Bi-LijjitLi 

Cy.'.r-'.DZJ □. H r«f 1. 1'r;it ifl tti: inn:; Ttaj. 

Tr:it rjL'.h 

tctiiir. int;Tnus.nLiljit Q.Ol^. 

firMaiil Klip hit? 

t U HIT- JLlf El3* i 



17 i Fr-t^.jtlan tffniCBt f **, 

"*JiECi TmlEitLtm with zjtlafl ua: ulL* i]j;fll»l filt^ri > 
• .O tilt rllt;r 14J*gt6 "f (nliM-fcM™,) of Mi jUic pflpa til- 
iOjufl Berlin op of the 2nig£nr..n[Q I LucB^ai.. SJinali £F* 
iccj tHresuJi *tit mm, 1* »t:= tfcj ball ling taotClat-l:' aii,fl 
ohine^ filt-rft ffL^r >1id t&ia^rifi tlit wk «pd it* fit tc 
■tt nJitthcr tlu» art tieftt. "Th- tiltit l&scrt la <±=ha?»Ljd 
if l*» tnt;r« tDPouUi tfto *B*t. IT ujLdj filter 'I' t flr»t 

BQ^s ifosLtil Lcl tb-z c-pid tir for ■p.prBi.. E minute *o 
vjiui- i c-i"LrLici untune of aolitura fiu tlii bra nth m; g^ttuir 

In Mic fiit*r lRJ = rt. Ulldtr nn ottntflilitiLnnjiJ Hindi:! TlLtiri 
nc a:an.e-S InjliiL. <ftj^rL!L:l rOAU. 
Y. Tj f ft-aay; e 1. ■ 

A ai j 1 mf - n T-» t ton liyli^ q onai i L Lcia. pf at lioat 2 Jl^TLJi-TIP 
H cmjilgT^a for c»tA d£mtnf^»^"^iBi proj^tt. Th- fiLnl railcm 

5 



-.roo- 



■* -UlUUtr. *- tfl »imii<i iD{ni T t> 



TtuiisiATim c? ljk;.^o. 



ftblnr la rttjHzalfa)a C&? tbi? rualff tlatu Eij jurtUuLar 
flutlm *m lnip-^otloc, ilrlnf, raluaio in 4 lafatp ajpjurim 
Tfct fuju.fa1l.015 atlQl ]_■ i.n ippolBl, a iepq£p t« gaic ^ 3 DM 
to ]cn-, Tbo ojnfltri of tdo riuUv^lao ufticr art to to 

UntraLnui p^neoi or pofiaaa win an tr*in^fl toV wnn 
4c not jut Delia s oortirioata *aj not t^ aalLcfl Ln. to *o££ 
on tfusins oo ttnlicHt. nor ur Sfcar If* tnJf^n into pia-ri^L;* 
rOSffll. Thr : riHfii§otLOO rfciO? milt llfg Snow «Jutj, to oont^ot 
Uli jicrnoniicJ. ^t r* jjorson out aV all tUua eu oblG Le 
FXaVS thai be bv OffljUSl flUUKTlwtiM fOT Sfci UU at 
prLLsiilo net f. Tor ^ i.t ; ralAntlMi piLtpaJ^a, 

mm&b ntiit:r mint. *t all tLnca parry witta lila: 
i , Hi n a m: «a a fir.iif . 

4. j^t laut 2 3f-lc1".: filler Jiuarti a*? in at Zjklaa 

J. Tti • Icaflot Tint *ld for jjniitfD »1J po i-iw.lftg.* 
ir. ','ock nrlni, 

5. AutAorl ratlin t c rt LfLoatHi . 

l£aeh £1 jLnf ;■ LatlCD I^IUQ Dill It all lLm_a tiarrji 
i» ; Jt t lc*»t J ■pncl»l j.nuarf-1 ■ ■ ;xEra atoolc. 

1» 1 #U DGItfltOr." 

■ 
2* 1 Jj5i tni/Bcut for la jag ling Lobe 11* , 

■ 
5< CttrilaTiil, TmiLbidI tnbl^ta* 

friF 1 Ltr^r ar ploXluutH r far epcaJjag til* osni of ZfT-lvn* 

7, ','nnilna tlffi> *> por rjaui&Eloq, 

fli Material far aa&ZlAg, 

9» 3hzciB of papnr to porra u pafla, 

10. flnabllftbt. 



-391- 



irniini:!] ii iht «o'if»i <»rmiii 






All &q^p«eal J,; H b* Hopi fc^ia i^S ±£ igP? = rfiot 
»l m tljfli. atonal to egulpwwt li tp H taptl^-S- nt *W< 
nil TlmatJiB f un Lg 1 1 tui» H 
1. Cm "in ruflis^tLno bo amrioft i«il *t »H* 

■ ! Tyuc D r tniJdlj;c "J i nunc ton. 

la) tjQndJ.tl.QA of raaf* 

nj CQDiltlofl *f ■Lode*!, 

4|r ptehhik af iwitUi. ■ tuJti. fcir ■B*fti H frtflJSJ m 

tttfj nil L* cm. 

2. Dot-.Mlna tt: kind Of TProin tp bo a*i"mUii^« 

3, c*leiil*.u. tnt liiaa. (So Apt PS-lT *« arffilns" lut t=*o _ 

4i f ftp tic pe f< oan-tl i 

[J -,.-.o*i JMiTiiii miaftljij pJ-dJ",", fgsi MfJ ^Ir*. 

j. ruid -rtileA efiolla attto'fe pirUQulQcly ILfrtnuH: to «iA. 
(jOt Khitrti, drttUa, l»n- eptAlngP »£*■& **•* (WW 
poaruad. up, roofO 

fdiAHlDfi, wot* tmiobmnt tor ataLL&i) 
7. Tli M* lit" ro* Tjs * ruils»ttQO aiiQ tlv tL« to*- 

^•xrlBS tb« bklllflln*. 
B. If nHiutry, i,rriuiafl nf«r ortMunii for tin ji#1 tfiporfantrt 

Q, Wat If j intJiirttl*".. 

yiXI- Prgntfatlwi tor fmlptlwal 

i. Paul. 



J. Pull bb&dlAA apart , 

t. fliimo*» all llqulnj LiriiflUii or ooffpp, ■BinlnB »at&r *lo*> 



,ig : . 



-f-HHU.-i. ■■ i-i ,ii.«k*. iiL^l.l, 



TSitiiSiJiTjan » uqIjTTO. 
711-9912 dULL 



j, itaori «dl foe*. 

6« Safflori all plutj mnA iastMwtm apJ_o*i* (iq^£»n« «te.J 
7* ^iflpvg ml i4.r.i3#T»lopaiJ oS»togrB;i[4i; p£ALa> anil rilr^, 
|„ ^«noT4i ilhnaiTp pLaJEIt, ill MiloiLl ■uppllal, WAptHtr 

ojun or In pi]>*r &«e« ( p*rtLa ularlj ueal] . 
9- 3id£ve tj.i gn a out flic an, 

10. rrtp^ ■ far else* cw ?«mltK. 

11. QMJJLT Cut pflrannjul, 

14* T*>-« ut<i- K«r J I "•r; flo-or kap-1 

IL T Pd J^rsnEtJi rT tjn ggJ mi tlM ^anUl|rC3. fa.^-J-.t tQ_.t;Tj.a 
flf fjQt B?bODQ 491 

tAc t jps of Tireifi 

tit bia?d?ttur4 

liiii (tnaunt or furnltura In ^cm roaM 

I Jib lffij:*7T13UJfi*lfi at C Bfl EUilfliJlB; 

Tar LnalQ* t w obio turd i ef nor* ttu^i 5 dturaai Quit. It 1» 

OUItABiTjr tO LB I Si prUilio €0lfi poT tt». 
T5-ao nntdud tn IsJci oTfuotf J.fi Jieiliits Hfljap.* tbnr?. *-T* 
ipad l-1 clj :c u--iat r incFia Ji:cB H.B a cln airi^-lji typa n* tui IdAr.R, 
«hlgh r:r.Jlrn lt.m tlag. If tm KrMth» li »jm> It 1» 
pftiafcttE tc isdmie ^hij Eg a ,c4nlgWl Df B JmiTI . Ttifl j?arioJ 



li to bi tit nn ft* J tn at Ioai t Jjj antira if ths tKn^oraturo 
U lining 5 d±£. Crjjit^ 

Ta-i JtrtagUi aad tLca ai afepia am to bo JipsLlafl Ln 
ti;j co»: of; bu§> t Lino, :l»p 4ta., irltH *3£J, l&jrraa ajid 

1A t K5T a«n iLRft Si, hnura tr> tJiko urr-iat. 

|"nc rimir-jK>tha : anna n* for buE'i 
X. Fmiaqfl*l«i of a bitiqinn . 

6 



-W- 



HMinsn "* |— *-j «i>y«." ■■L-i-ii 



FI-S912 Qait4 + 



1, dpi" t&at QTMi-jbofiy a*i lart ti» uaildiai. 

a. Ufipiot tM tmaa *sf SurlBD, kfelu to* appro pilatc umnt 

«adj Cac Hpb *l°-o.r + 

J, jjlaLrltmtc tin aani . Otaa a*a to CO Late t&i bn^jjlHS 

and rJc*L*5 *b* nun Phlflh hita &■»& braiiki ua lij tJj« WM* 

it#t»enaj-.'. Usfl la dlJtAbuti thu. [H»tb tb« pit OOKt to 

tho pcdJ.l 

J,.. Alalia • tifei wots 4uLaoAwnt. 

]. ppat th = pju*rl, Maiplim wblor to Lnttrilflt piard. 

£ b Cnaat tb.it anaJJjii; and alOafUli *■** fr* a n ooflfclatPi. 

7. Put on gM mui, 

A. Dp^,£ th& o=-ap mfi ppuf aut tiiolr gpacantF. Tug nantanti 

arc t± b: apm-fl LEU.Ly PP Mil tb-l ZylCPP. ar j, dwpfrrata 

n>i*p:ly ma tJit j^s aaatrjf flanntj pf tlw gai ohi tn aaBlatid 

a* »n fc» ppjattla. Tbia prooen U tp atart on Hn top 

flfcjr but Itt p«L1mt la to M flflalt *itb to«fp#a tin pwA4 

floor, ihpulft tfip pol>*F lo-TB. aa flsdt, Hooej vfeleA ft*»a Ha 



dBEl.'. tcltn itwulg ** Tar ■■ poni,bLo not fed rg-fcatiroA. 

Thn p r*Dtiii>lfli t» to *s i** 11 ilflfflr *>"■* eJUlaUr. Thg 

■t«,irefti9 paXtlgularlj *ta>i4ia aalj *» I*** *lfl"Xr, ^ta 

jrwo»"ieiE ^7 onlj lis Interrupted Ui *a uuraancr. 

9 + Tha ant doGr to &n !«»(, aaalfld ui it* fccj- haauad 

ariir to tb=. fumigation ohlof, 

10. On Lhc floor rlj a nftraiflf alpi with tbo Laajai "Jacpri- 

Pql.*il£L (U, BHl^r tt 3JJ"Q t DO p4mlttaJlB4l ," Thla warnUs* 

ilfn li to to La i&Taral lafcgaatsi If aw««*rj. and in «*r 

OI1C U rnift 1W HA.-KJll with flt lCB.lt GDI QgaUh r l ft*ld, 

oLoarljr rliiKoj 

it. Dga Au-ikt^ ■■spimrotuJ rot ro*uj Lt*Uor. anu e^i 4 ate n tor* 
■rg ta ha kapt avuii"^ at all tlaftii *r-; t aaauaar of *&& 
fm.i j^ttBti squad auit too* «lig?g thoict otoJofl-> »rn loagt*']. 



W 



i d -MonuST'u '$) 'hi Hi i ismi •**>-. ||> 






L2. it Hut <?r.g inmiiir or ttio furtigation arjuao mult aliiii-a 
famitn ooar tba eullfllaa whiot La baiiia. f uaLgnt rf * li|:i 
tTjarfl Aiat Da ad ti Find at fall polttl^ t 

T h^ alrlni ti DonnnotaA with Ltu> anataftt iane&r rot 
ijmao jtrtSiiiBotlr.c tod sttwri. Thorofgr* ti miaB bo oirrlcfl 
cot fiartiaulftiT'Vy girctgJ.ly >jid a pi* aaak iluuld aUJiji to 
want. Too eirLne iHiAiIfl piano aoaorQUAfj to tta fgllcwLci 
prUwlpUs: j?ara sir "hgiil-i nlw^yi bo within riioh U> tta 
■ hortgit poitibLc tint? icl lit.- pa ibould fie* out to that 

fltriA viiApn tt Mnunt andanjiiF nannlt vhn Af-3 finfc Hiirti C-lBAtljl^i 



M4-U.-I rruuju mm wauii* - - u 'iiQ-i 0F — TJT^^ - #■ — ■ « 

Saw La. ".ni niriug ba aLffiault nou Ir-ABoS oar appuLfl r^iaalii 
in rrocit or the IjuUtir^ Ln ni-i!«r tc watob a$t« l&J ui ir 

blowing Uiy, 

1. T_k; en J* to iga shut ad dtmngxti rutilc la tJ-.i via Laity 
of the buHdlr.^, 

E* Fait tic |UrTd? lr inch * «s? VJi_V tnoj *r= not anaorjft 
by ttll 4=*.M LI bLCmp i^itj but 4m li&I iwtgt Sfaf ^J)tfHBE31 
to the "juiML-ijc., 

|. rut on gcu p&flk. 

i, filter tmiaiiif, "Ciena door, but da not look it. 

5, Flrwt o?cn *bn wtnnourt an that ilflc nf tm b»HLa"ln( 
>»H:irn tr...n j a tin wind. Air riaor by rioor* 3t*r'. or. tl»a 
cruuad f lngr tnd nftiit JsMb. riooc tut a At laej", !■□ minuti* 1 
fj.t . 

6. The doom icinaitia £a ibo ooeeltapr, epmnaotLnj; floors 
bet-xfln ppo-jii iLhd mltiAtms wit lit ojwnaa in oaoh room. 
flJuulA tb-r* bn djf rtcultj in owning oar of too -LnJawi 
tbaj »hculi aaly bo ofan&n aTt;r uit &r Uj gu. tmm blMn 
o*«y, 

Lpiga i of pripLa^.'i| 

1 



. m 



■-* 1 "-■ "- ■ .T- r- - -- 



TjUJlSUlTHJU 6P DOC , ilO - 
M3-9912 aoctd. 



7, fcirliusui (Mqd etbar ffl*lbo<L# dtaa to Pi-.L taa roam 
wuica ouLDiit la reeling, ■inJakli _anuia anlj fee r**o**i 

if'. I* *e*V P r MM* i*i £■■ H * 1 * "•*!' 

4i Br.pc -could fiC tfijtin tc ton ttia.1 ttfl, fcntins afmtajt fint 
u _±-_ _■* -.-,- An ha* fF.n-m _hnn 1-1 .th.irz □• froit er 4aAfOf 



Of 11. 

9. Hasan* «ll!i **1&&&1 * ji tduts , ■i»aH ■■ olotJOna ittf" 
giia-. m> 6c look a ft fiiiilu oftgr LHJ 'inrtffni h*T- =V*Jfl cpjacd. 
id. TO^foM cqft dpgrd "PtflP uaffl bvOA oleosa dns-ild to 
f«tmi4d Ln Hitch t tjis* tnnt ^fai niijuiot ata** 

11. Cffrrr* Ln all litem may ba rtmcT^fl *rtur tba rtgTLilonal 

12. Tni MrlJis ■boulfl asitinmi for m imt £0 hiwrj. 

13. Tnrr pinrl mould r^niUs r;or the lmLlitp« diifiaE *J« 
ifflj&C of thlj tUc,< 

U. fUddftuta* re on may ho rola«o4 (rmrKiwwllj u 
a bod an the. p&por «trtj of tu *•* AntoglHr Li flf a liatttf 
tine tJuus thi coin e& oolrtir pattern, whoa tW ooon **i 
vHOm «i open- Onlj '■tu* gaujcJ^eo. «LtJi aliinfi lai 
al&irtr.a *ap ±=y fcd owva Lb Ho ro*i wiloli It ire kaon 
pr^iiianalJj rqltaJfifi. fisdcT ap iLrfflUa«c,npaa tiaj cxij^tia 
real or »l»gp Ln thoac rge™. Tnc dpgr* and wlnflnv»o *uit 
fc-j laft ojils =11 the tLai. 

nil, CisorUn; ud after prnvtaLaMl rclnaao .- 
1. ifauigVj rfimoum ttf JrKlm fro* Mi; fURlF.Eac rat"". 
T|i4 r ihuoi-fl gfljiirnlly t^ "iiBl UBclft t» Mw fautor/ Ln the 
anmci mtj an c-riH "d bgwn , Before bo*nj an icftt oaok 
fpoa tail maifcuflift foou th= tAicirlptlcn *Tnlian > *H* be 
rcwjFG.il froit than. Dump, wo* or tcilcA raaaUn *■ well nj 
011016.5:4 tana idj ait Ha ioua i™k iifllur may a LrfliiaitrtflSaa, 



-_Wi- 



in «_: *_ .4. 



lHaji *i T *e tirowj «i • mbfcUh ar *j.n# Swap, hit »> - --., 

fnmitiwsi and aimiar ic*^! «,#>i t^ ■ D *£a a g* fctclMi f W it 

14 ut c^c imr Lq iaa Of,-^ u r fjf jmLnj at lacit 2 aunt, 
in tAC nan] luijir tbo lupppriiion sf ti„ ruiii^tlM dai<c. 
;. ir ffo.iiiiu felij ^tgrfLpd D r nt« guinea i!imu.* W 
alujiB*4. TH^ old ituf finr- a, 7 m1t !„„„ tt b4irjl . ^ 
a*7 "4 tg-uiaa nfk: it a.w o^aa *Lrai for a _1irthjr pdrtgdu 
4. Should llu tthlmaajt, baitj, b^a flcaPlKJ fi» ObOli, 
title *DT^rlfl*i m. a i ea ramorta ^mriillr IflLftfl flnairrLifl 
tht** Li c aw^r 'flat thq, fircia !» *&; atari; a wft acurcbp 
■111 ant tu=B-c aurr^ glint draught, wnl<iL u; iu. j*rbg H 
nan Dii an jj-lIhodI u a . 

5- J^tcr $& f.nnit t^l;si. ] Li . ta_t. a*d<i, *i ? ^$&H if a 
rmLiatinr. r-eort ore t3 bs filled 1a la th; praa^m..^ 
manner. TAi fallb.*Ui 8 pginta l*, j^u u.U* »n»ci4 oS a born: 
a,] Vglwos »C fufflitatit rg&». 
6] Aaamil of Sjjklan ajta. 

B) Nfiil of fiml(pLig B EQllT, 
o) H.TJta of 0-Ultr pcrawuicl. 

4] Tt«C M 4 tiijc-fl for *aj lg urg efftat* 

r) TLcc at Kfilnh dU-lnfaated room van rtleurd, 

Eiy« flna) H;ltcaa ^ 

1. Uqftcr hq flitHJUnjtaAa^i l£ H tnai 21 boon aft T r nirUjt 

™i atartedi 

E, 411 ttcia r^gvaa far lut-tun art ta at t«*vn B-at Into 



3 ? &>*** and window* to fea olMca rar on- iour, 

*■» In rooa wltg *icritlrt B faollltlaa * tzaptralur: »; n 

l3ftit 15 d:j. Dtrt, niBt Ik pfoauq^d, 

10 



»397 



<Ih(T5Tu:[b *: "n| tun Quit, .iqiuil 



tafflSUJiw of uM,no h 

(13 -9912 iflflVt. 



5. Qu dsVoettm.. Tjiq p»p-r atrip iir art >t»* « Anct-^r 

bine tbtji the Ujfctaat acL'mr, arcn co^ctE pJUsilcti and 

<ir tA rooM vbioh am not anil If adaeanHa una wolon IB 
li flirfLsuit to ilTb SbouLi tbll att 62 tbi aaat, airing 

nil 1 be oantLnm^ft and tho ahoek for gu r»,p£4tJd uftir a 
f;w boat*. 

6. ?At ahGaK far <n oa*t to; nada Lb e^cn. «« if S'.lLLb1i» 
wa'ali f.rt as? in to bt »:<) □* »U=pljie anamsmiiliitlfin aa 
■QDn *» passible. Had-r nn 6 LtftWO t(Ulfl m W ■ojnnJ "1 -«P 
la a TCHB wlilcil Imp b.:CD fUAlgat.d Lit UO Hi qDt rollOi»llVg 

thz rutHe.-.tlar,, Tlj'. wlr-flewi nuJt ii»ara r-^lfl. Gp^n aurlac 
Lb. fira". nifjit '.hat; tJi- fuuc li m;i astir., 

7. Tjl- rufilEPller, chl-f of bl» deputy m^y aat li^ & tjia 
bulXitne itntll tbi vtrjf lilt rtma I111 t,c n flncilj? rji=i*ci» 

Iiaucfl Uj tb: R:nlto I uati-t utioa 
or tn.i frotna&arat: SdjizjiIc -uifl 



1, DfltCT!TiA L. Oy^-Jan, jp ; 3*OTJ. h*T!;»j n=rllt r 

that t in tbafoii^fclj oonTJj-^uit with tin; InfiLlaJa and 
G.ra.-- iLin ju i( ls i or.d ttist th; abort J.i t tim: and 

POflDTlttA En C*i3.JOa 
ITG JM>7? 






.&& 



. RichUJnfefi filr die An wen dung von BlausSure (Zyklon) 
zur UngezfeferverliJgung (Entwesung). 






iTTTrjM-WJirTRTll 



OrfHrrpaakt: — 1** C, 
Nl^c GrvkM r D «J. 
tMmprdlrhlr; O.flT (Lufl * 1.0] 
FlUBlcMl III Icfcbl VTrdinpnur 
naOlEkeHi wmi«rrtifN. firttoti. 
Ormc+! tin jeninj (. wdetarlkh itiflljrb. 
AuJQ<rordeiiUlch (toOti Durebdrin [unci' 

ftjaiulur* Lit in Wwr fcplkh. 

EipI<Mfc>*i£rfjJir: 73 g BUlillUfr mill 

1 eb«a Luft, (NranntL* An heiuJujij ri 
8k— It) f pro ctm, d*K«j- (Jrbi »ip4u*jij, 
EUih^lut dmif nlr.h.1 mil yttrium Fiutr, 
phthelMlan Drthirn ban. mminmnny. 
ancbt »*inVii fy* Tsrbrmnt 4mnn iing- 
nat und Ttrlifrt vaUkcmmm lhr* Wb> 

tiULkMt ftr TunUUtrr. 

BUluIutv bat fui titbf Vr«rmrirkLin,|. 

d»hi-7 lit n« bwhcl/i^ und bwhfrfthr- 
Ikh. Blkutlurr jtrhnrt in din ■(•rkilrii 
(JlT[*bl i nijf pru Hg _ Kui-i* rfl.mn.nl «s- 
nlifit. urn rim*q il^jiirhtn iu Edle-n KinJi-r 
Ulld Knurr: und im a I lgr.nn-i rn,n-Tmpf tpij. 
bcher i(» Uiciner. <Jini ffrijiBr UsaEtn 



ItcttfLUh ■ !* wfkhJaublfr, Bchimmjelriibw 
und >l»u*M'hwimin wtrdrn durtb £UU' 
lim* ntclM AbrrtMrt. 

fUlfk-rlro trrrd« Aurh HImmJIiii* thfat 
xrWblrL 

U AAnridunipifDra drr Pluwlur** 
Zj-pJnp 

ill' ili« Aufuufyjijj niwi CtmlHh« yon 
Blhudlgrr und IU intuit Lp «inreq Tr*pf- 
■taff, AJi TrAfcritofi venvcadel man 
riu*i-Jrr I tabJuencaelhrn, tin* nrtbriir 
nrfcnrtiLirt Hu* [foifrirQ} odo- UfJo* 
bliue WUrf»l |£rro). 

Dcr RrbutofT biit tufW trluru Ewrek 
mbi Wu-nitoff bwh den VorteU. d*J) *r 
dJr Atmu(i| 4er [nvlttm u/rgl, flflf- 

Lrli X* ZjlkW 5 U«!iill«7^chiilkx/i» 

I**? uiaQ i*ri» pu wtnukl 
KiliKipje Bliiutvrr tfrelTl PoUtamL, l #^H*. 
Fubrn upm tn Cuffiralf* Biimlun Ipt 
uuwtildlich. E>unb dea lUiutoffnMvtji 
ble-Lta dJr (jiltlgkeil drr Bi«udiiTT saw* 
In-Vrl. die CkUhrtrehhfU bn »btr ■»■ 
JpfJltl^h [rruirtr fcvpindcb. 

Zjhkjn kins durth V*rbrtni)ta uttKUd- 

J J J, WrKLriui^vn.^lkbJifHi'fl 
1 L*kril# Vtr K ltEa X H: 



i'on Ltliuiiuj-r nh*'Wn 'd*m " Jl m *rhrp 
HiL-hi. tuth tn'i (Uli|jrr Almiing Vyj!*! 
Uikd Fl*uh* ijnd brnrndtra emprindlkrh j*- 

Irn SJiiistLiiv. 

<iUE^k«-l| rur Indium 

TJi» IVirkune *;•: Hlamfiure iu[ in*, men 

Wtifi nk'hl *>-> b hr von oVr Trpififriiur 
■ b. ^it djr WLrkunr jnd*ft*r (;■»*. d. h 
*1* tmkt bmiIi (« . Milten Trm ptra, i u 1 1 n 
liUth Jlurft be i - 5 Cj. Urt ticNill Timrl 

•Jk- fclw rrnffjriJEsiliLf « i* djr Imnriiv.-* 

|fcr Uud * r OiUfcirkunp h.mnn .^ v A 
ihnt Vf|ptblb4MAl*4iLHd Jit ITkiwui 
ILrLEiubEyi ITIanhn *pmj *L-nijji-i uni- 



Schwindrlp-riihl. H upf*: (kW clWn t Exbr*- 
chrn, Lrri*ohlackri lurw. AUf dirt* Anirl- 
rh*n fchrn vnfklbrr. ttrnrl min wfort In 
dk- rrutfhr Uift -cht. Allfubrjj prtjt dk 

U'ich-nliiDiMjLjN}:Jirll bt-i BlumiJIun'durvH- 
ranunijfn lirrtb. DiJiit vgr dVr Vc rfiiung 
hrLArii AUrohcl tri/ikrh. 

Al»h jfihf 1 Thblrttr CmrdLMtil odef V«- 
J^thrvrcifilk nfech 2 blf 3 PilM™ floth- 

FPU J* 

S'llHrrr VrrpHluUfcrU: 

[ ii i F l i n ii lenr f k I Ji |.^.it Lhi |l j i jjh.i m n^ n 

liJ-.l Lrl br^^jlj T>i,l.. Mi If,. I'l-n^k- 

Mill. ij..-nu*ki d h l;jij-,lNrnK In kirn. 
h MriHi I j. h,, Aimumr i^Lviir, | m u.jji Kj 
kujnjjJri'-laji'kUui^N hind, i rrM r*~ 



-3W- 



ft %'ff lilPlllllbU'JI hIuMi tit ll.HH- 

Au«'. " ili •■■ mii "Hi: 1 1 ), I ^ rk" : > i' J-' n i . 1 1 

■ (L- r-.diijltiii: 

I. NftnnirtfcViilfciU'HHefti ■ 

-.1 | / I *"- IllH, I' .' Mill 

l,.jr» Jjpl. *mh3 j i i 
J-..', t, ^ 1 1 r I'll - 

Kiljrunnl. V-i>:imiH 

IV I.A-*lJ*Ulf, 

III pin i riiiu^iiiiii' h ri.ir V^iiln 1 " i...r ■-,- 

J^LtblllT. I. M KjHi Ii INa-ll* .1 itli.iU' 

brKMinJ ii*r Am rp-iH-Hn haJL. H. rhn. '»!* r 
J,t hrNpi-™- rk,-. Ufittkrli e*f^rf-n«f«n 

Trill IJdlt JuuH J^i Mjikt-. unVi(-jiij;jji.h 
0m» (^'Utud- in,flji,^N- Ji und TalliT »L L rh- 
«• In nH-ilidi'm tuvh di* 1 SIr"Hi" und d*r 
Mjukn-niju; *uf I.HvhLii;k-i'iL ||\-iirUfl aind. 
Ui-f ^du-ri'l n-i« U i-^i prp<:h'.i£tl «'"nh fl--* 
4an:t: Jji- Usuik* ttilt. MLt rlh. r .J ttv 
t* 2 Jklinuun or rrm-ni bv*tj(rii dun. J 
ifibV R*.'w in** Fvui MUpliH H dutuli lJJhi A..^ 
bIhtttJliJ'I li-n Fdlrri-lriPBtt imliM *1H — 
frill rr d^rl kniinluM, Ut> Ki^rrlullN-a 
H^tLni n* m 1 1" 1 1 -^"M nrfhk-n 

V IVr-*n»l' 

Fur fv4t EnlHTiunj; »icJ *Ln T.n L * tiitr p*- 

2 Minn — Vrnni* ujtlii k lur dit liunh* 
fkiitPig Lril dnr IJun'hRuinjnjilFlti.'r. Ihm 
i>l5>irfl bi'WHnderi die I^hhNiiruhj: Lill- 
lunf. FrriEibe ufld dJ« SlthcJ r hi i Hftmy&- 

nnhmjin. Fur di-%, Full 1*1 IV* I AllHrtlhrl- 



m -C t q/i/ 



1. 
JU, 



^ r: 



J 'J' r Kpi»A'i'|U'njjBlnj|i|i hit hLvLJ bvi ijrh 

■ u ntluMi 

\EjjhJi x|. n-* 3 Hjpi-u i*1 - K Jit*H..i&-- ■!* w-Hrrt'tt 
Vi^rjijL. 

1 ►iui-n jillUL-lmni^nplir 

I \ ML. mi uiii l^.li lin < Hif-in|i<MLvn, 

Ix.^lici Mn| u; .> r 1 1 1 1 1 - 1 1 1 - »i 

"'.jr-li '■*! \'-N. 1 i!.jt T**iblflli ii 

\ lh U I- ■■ 1 1 ■■ t i-rtr ^jjJishnrnmiT mm Off- 

l,.*i J, r Xi.nkJiili'* ii 

U „i njfitfjwtlkiltkr ckr Mjr|{4 m Jirn- lx nrtl 

All, 

AOlu hi uiiKimlt^l- 

I 'ii j.n r bu|{i'(i tiir l. T n (■ rl»(4 

Lkkir T»«lstnl*Bipt 

A lit OTilf lind tivU uuber mid In Ord- 

nunf ru tallica. Br»r hldlfim (ih von Cv- 

■ rfii-n nind fufurt ■unub'-M^tra. 

t'l.iinnii i'Iht Uiiri'liLim wn^ 
I*- Jji \hit\ hjjujiung- uU 

ii Itauirt und Ll£7 <*?" ^Wuit-i. 

tal Ifc-^hifrtn.VJl dfi Dicbrft. 

I' I &.;«rhaJ[i-nh<'ll dtr FfJiJlfr 

d| S iirhindrAirMi vpo hUukinl.LcD. Lufl- 

nhicht*B r MiufrdonrlihrLnhtn mw. 
l\'Btm-Uvnj[ dcr Art *cr ru vtrUI(TnfltB 
!Vhi[Uin£v. 
FUumbi.TrchliuILt 

(Xtrhl 41lf PMlnr vtruiurn, tafld»rn telbit 
lUimouLn, Nur AittsmmiOe DtWq 




dent bvaiimmt der fhsri h f nau n g slrif l r 
einen SulLirrtrrtt i* tfc-n Anordn unjji'n dr» 
EhurrhiMunnkLleia ill um* nUcIkh 
uirhroh g unfit n 

L'HMU^eeMldrEr rrriwnni odrr au-nrblkW- 
dr. dk aorh kviat 1b~--p*r Ln I l'««h: la'jil- 
hq, (JUrffn nkht en GbirbtiltD heran- 
gEioftm weider Sia diirf>n im-h (t.uiifc in 
giPcrtfulHr Rluitte hjjsrin Evncmmm War- 
den I*r Uurch({«iiur , ix*^Ltrr iduQ itttl 
wuam, wo aclrut' LciMf *y rrrrkhen und. 
£lniUirbr Leul* jnuaaen ikh jcuWtrli 
da ruber iiuvh-miti kuntttn. dull in- die bc- 
hUrdlkb* Oeilrhmfgunr brpbnn-0. BLiu- 
aiUIr tur SSt h idling abulia ni u [ un( ro vtr- 
wcodtn. 

Dk vorlkfi.*ndku RlrhlUnkn ■i"»d Ifl *IWa 
ffcJIrn gi-ntu 1U brftl'hli *» 

VI AutrUftlung: 

JtdVr mull HHi hi I ifch fubren' 
1. Seiae *l|*hv GuimaiiKi- 
3. Uirtdrittni J SfwuiJ-Einiiti* |*trA Zjfi- 

a E3u UpribLiU: lErttr itiitr b«l BlauaJu- 

*- ArbJUvcnckirlft 
' EL ZuUfdunfabeachrLmgunft;. 



Maut'rVerK mil ecrrtnofo. J 
I. Vurbrrrltwrid d>r tekf^chafl, 

iFfllfernyng voa NuUlierfn, Pnuurfl. 

.V.tirirunj;atTLLH*l, UIWrLlwkhtlt* [u^|T«Ji- 

at he Flat Lcti, tFTOUJJlnlttil- GumM*k<nj- 
fjJtrrl- 
fl. Futitellulif fc t*Wt dferi mikw^npr Ale 
rtvhturnfn, 

(LufLirhtahta KfcfiJJe r HoLxveracJuJuiifrQ 
[Ur [nib Ofliiungrn I*rhrr J 

6. FViUUUung der eu Lrelfriiden Ek bcrbelta- 
ma Qnihmrh, 

(Bc-MuiehuiiE, ArbeiuJi omnia ndo turn Ver. 
ltJrbrn.> 

7. FraUtrliung dc* DtjirhfUunfiLafea «cd 

1. Gcgrbenrn FtUr* fltfru bfrlli m aB n a hm ra 
fur die NachbtrKiuit ncbLadtif 

V. MmeJdunc he! der BfbBrda. 



V[|J Vurbrrrrlo&i ate* 
1. AbdiebluBg. 
1. OfftHd fJUMtHkhcT Tlir«. Seartab*. 

SthubUden m, 
3. BrtLr? ■MiMtnuKhrkftm , ' 1 p,' 

. 4- Em/traunj dQbct inuBaigajk (TilTaai 
rW*. WiKkfiatr nw-l. 



-400- 



a Cuiffrnuni ton Lthnumf Utln , 
A. EnLffrtkunj iron rn*ntrn und pJuCrtkrtn 
(Aquarian uaw. |F, 

7. Flnl(*rauni r urefltwlrJirltrf folofr. placc^n 
und Pllnic, 

ft, EVitfi-naeii Ton Verband'i'nut^r. Artnri- 
inittrln eTIirti \*n4 In Tui*u (braonaVr* 

fr r Ealfcmurif van Ciimiakfjifjltern. 

10. Varbf rr J Lunf der Erf&ljt*E>rUfun| r . 

11. ftliiDtur.r: von der BrkcactufL 

If. ScULLfcKHlbcnifckme. (SlmDlch* TUftn- 

IX. <«u«ti>kr nd Eliwiffauncurfl ht^£cn 

■ d von 4*r An o> r SchiilliBfF, 
der Tempcralur. 

rkm FDUiwpijcrtd der Iuluim uod 
drr Dkhtlfki-J! iic# Gtbiudr* 

Bel InncnLenvpentLirrn iari (itarr > J C 

pimnil mu In a>r fUgil 9 | i-hm Pluu- 
slur*. 

Em * If to H »h J» .^tujulfp, w^nn n,i hi 
brmnirrw \ «rhi I U u^h' , f B. Ki'^JiKw-nr 



4,, -^^12/ 

wrrden Bel der Brtfhlehun{ Ud ruhif 
und linnim eu. afbellrn Bcundrn Ui Jip 
Tnppi 1 lancjhajn cu btpEhrn. Pit BtJKhLk- 
kuftj djrl nnf Im Nulfilk luitffbrgchrn 
m'trdrn. 
tf. I He Auifin^llllrt *lnl vri-M hluivn. ib- 
J'^iichtcl (Schlilut-Mocfa oivhL wrjjH'aavnl 
und der Sthlilaiel irm DurchiBfluiLEvkiU>r 
Ub*f(^b*D 
ILt AuT dvTlir wird Eitu H'amunrtlnf M KUf- 
H i kJrbC mil der Aulujir^i, , *V onkhl, lif- 
tJjE«r Gur. Urhrnfrr fahf. ELnintt vefbo 
Irn . Dk vv urn unjfil* f ri mud — JtUa *r- 
fufdt-iLirh _ irwhnprichii; aeJn. Jeden- 
fmJTl*. tnuD tl* RiLadnlcn> 1 deullich akbt- 
barrn Tolenkapf Lrnrfn 

11. GjucauU;. Kinrkhtuafen mr Wl«dcrbtlt- 
bun£ und Gjurr Mdt ch^tui Bind berril eu 
ItpJun IrdtTmann dee Durchgaiuiigupcr* 

•OH 111* mjfl Hlurti, *r 4 ftLfh dlr O rr fi- 
ll In i>: btrindrn 

12. hlindi-nrn-P ] Munn dvt Efujrliiuintijjurxr 
*^n,ll^ bk-tbt bIeU Jh rrvkhbyrcr Narw de* 
uj\1»t Gai m-hcnJrn Gfbiudvi. SfLn Au- 
f, n.hiiJlifkM i^t diT Philip tu'kiinnl au 



BiuwckH, ela* V^i-kUrtiing rrfordi ni. Bt'J 

SfcTLptm Welder cturf m an blj mf 6 Siun. 
lfl_b<nin lcr x>h^ ". Ek» TtEniKennurep iun 
UBi^j- +5" C fcl~dir Einwdrkunprmfli i-j^ 



I>k u|?[¥b*» SLirke und E.-£rLt kJ.1, mn- 
niwtDdVs trl: Wviun. Llumi. Fliibrn 
uiw, rn.il E^rn, Unm und Puppm 
Bd KLriJii-iTiTjnrn Ubrr pEm 1(1 C 1* 

X. lh|Fch|EkMlD|E tkM UrHudn! 

L Prufunc c* in Gebiodc von ■Ilea Utn- 

tekrii vrrilJ*fll lit. 
2. Au*p»rlj*q, ■ d*r 3y If Fcnh t*[*p Fur knjrn 

aiwkiftrll dtr rnLAprrckrnd* Situ ijt fei-< 

rtlwrllvn 

3 Vrrlrllunf d*F I*Oi**n. Eln Mirm hi-^ibt 
■■eh Ln dji Obiudf. irn|jfin|jL J.jji 4i- 

dl* vqnn ArtmlUko rrmii h dm hi mulfi W - 

un Lkmwh und v*rtnli m HJim hj.. nnL. ■■ 
dit LfnE*>-rJj((*'tirj([NMi iidli-n i 

4. Em I m uflg dii ArbfbliLiinimiiiHJiiA 

5. Aufin*lluflj( dtr Wiirhi. u ihU £UjY|i*-u n K 
dirhr durrh difi Uun hk^ungskilL r 

6 t-'bi-r-jirufunf dt r V'JItcih .Ibjirhimip ur 1 

7, Ank-fiUJ-iJI d>> fijUrLlntln f 

& f.yfritiu -'I. r |'h#KfH rin'J Au-^i Jnl:i- ii -l. - 
Uint-nir.lidL- • [*-■< fr.Htf HI -IiSji-1 mi*?-.. 
Plfui-i £»'i«t <J.'Y> itjlilnii F.j.Pt^t mi 
Jun.*m ,>..i (Mvii.f^L --.-..j .l>, vr* r 
4ijtK 'i.4'- r itrwi I'rW'ttt * ■ f h.- (t-Uii 

4 km. L- i* -Mini .'. ■ ■, ■ ■ ,, -| ,. rf».|J| 1,| 

Kt tli i *ir>J ..h .v>n Kr.^.-U,.i'. i. 

U 'l.i *.\ \„\* • I-l. p- kl-|||, J| ,VnL"|FH.' ,,.,- 

H* i ■< i f - t. whir-in. Kiinr. . -i :;. I- n„, i, 

Uiij^JdL l:kt || MUM hPri "h .irf^ d | UH 1. H 



gtbrti. 

XI. IJIftlMI! 

Dk Lu flung bki*t die friJOir Ofiihr fur 
ft ( i ilL[l<r liftrj Uubeleiliflle- Si* |*| 4r*h»lb 
t nundkra vonichtif ufid ■(#!■ mil uigt ■ 
i*Klcr ClJitiukq ■uuu/UbrTU CniudftlL*- 
Jii'h »oJ] drtmrr (riuftct werdec. riiA up>- 
Itrlr IjiIi sirU la hllnrrHrr SOW «n**- 
bv U, daQ d Cu a«ch fiacr &ilr B b- 
llrhL, iof dvr dk Urnihtduai l'nbtl*fl(- 
Irr ■u^pi^MalimMr* hi. BiiL tcbufWrifrr 
Luitui>g blribE ] kuiificbildrlrr Hun w 
dcin Crhludc. um dm Ab*Ug tfe> Omit 1 
hf-ohir h [« n , 

1 D»mr mtn^n J»Q uch in At Umjr,«bun| 
dki (Htwuii'* kiln* rrvniJva LtuU' *u^ 

Li lnv iVihchiAtfiE'ii w- ttifil^Ui-n djil up 

diireh lL;i« ulij-PL'Ik'iid.' Cta jii. hL b,JlnLifi 
i»<iiLi 13 u.hLi,dfnt *b. r dh- Zutknijr iu dtrn 
in-kidik- Lh'<HbiLL liitT kunni'ft 
'■i i:.i.T l |!i,.»Ji. Iinl ■ K-.Tl 

4. (X-bjuJi- bitrtun. TUft hhlitCcn. nkltl 

1 Xunfdl dir- rVriUn-r Huf 'lir ck-m Wind ■■> 
jf^i-Jim n i^iLr dm rjLiHtidk'i .'iffm-ft 
Mi«i k*wlnM j rt JuI'l*. n. Ifii Krd|(t'H kL-C 

|K|1 u-j'ii|H, t'uf, |ijjjid ir ',,nn 1<j JUhhi. 

Ill- i n N v ■■"■ 

" '" ,r ' h ' n lEHLLrn. || .|. F i:, InuiJ.^ 

" •■"•' ' J Tilt' ll ■> III: *'. ,! _ I , >> 

1 I- ■■ ■ • 'A.* ln'Ji -I, j^ /.unPTi' pn i.fr-l i |m - 

^ li«-r j. i.llrNt mj ! , pti.k, f h,^.. 
1 fl)-r jSi J. ( !*>|tjfii1 i,., .,. ,i,, r .|,, I, .,„ ,., „| 
- M*ijV-fl tt'iii .h- If ,., r r r(1 - -NUP>- 

li - ', - - ■ f,J ^-jj;. n |.| 



-UK 



01 ■ ^^/(J 



" V, -- i',L r '. ,|. ,| , ■!■ r. - ■ hi "">' fi( *-. I r 

- Ji. i 1 1 1 1 k.ii I , AU In I , I "I rrt . n i r*1 

' lI-.-'lT 1 1 *■ Ml ll *• 'In IL.i J- ll.. Ilfii 

• I,- t*n** • ij>'^- r ■!'■ n «i 
>. I- fi .-i ii', 1 Kiv iiivii,!' - :^rjn.r m 

.■ riii'ri ^-i[i Jn^Juiii; iiP.il V' *-- i l> M ulljl 
i,a M tJJili iff. n 

Jj ^iniriini mit *i lUnlTun ]nfnil «k KhiJ*-m 
kjcnnnrir vh'* . itutUn Wink r m-i*. IiIjs- 
»ri mfJiJi h.bitli di. f.-niTi-r" fi-i'.K r.k-l 
■ind. 

10, ti*iffu»Lv FriiXt-r und TWm imJ |f[fn 

3tu*i-J 1j t 1 ' n in iJiln-rc 

Ll AbiikhTiin|£H.'ji Ji r &:b£i/fi«#Lnf »»rd«n 



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*u* tkn- durrhfiatrn (11 unr n-iuU mT ilr-n 
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drn. 

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M>IDE //V RUSSIA - THE HOLOCO$T 

Continue with MADE IN RUSSIA THE HOLOCO$T APPENDIX V 



Return to MADE IN RUSSIA THE HOLOCO$T APPENDIX IV 
Return to CONTENTS PAGE 



The Website of Carlos Whitlock Porter 

APPENDIX V; RUDOLF HOB's "CONFESSION" WRITTEN BY THE U.S. ARMY 



-4iP- 

Affictauir tr an slalod inla Gorman for Rudoll Hi3ft 

\ta\m .signatur* may irtrfieale ill health) 



VUt ViluntnrLI; At WnJwi Gtiel hy BUU'V H~K5& # 
fprar Gci.Tr-.jiHw* *r A'JKffllM C-.r*rfHr»llro Ctq, 

f r. i*k roth or i:^ isys, 

(to rint «f I>€c*=fc"r 151*3- 

Ji At th; list i itlin£iililwi kj nttiwiS thel-e **?p JKO ^rs TTatT-*i S3 Aonr- 
v lag u guard** WO emu Wnffwi £3 h 5(ur*t*(T, tr*t dmlher SCO MB hn'fcn 



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Uw fit of tV-"!*" *!n JflrrJ frf tonally at ttw c^nn* IftT** lately SpOO "H ' 

Wjiffa 51 wsp* p*ni*i to flfcjd nbi J .ti l»ik rcplncfi- by "then* in- t.rmt Jut* 
!"n »f e'ttjhs nil tnli] 6QQG jrr T Jjff<itt » =frr?i wt aw tim» *r 

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We apDlugiia IP tha mflliuns uf surviuors for saying ihai Brookhait 
cnulrfn'i iipsll In f-ci he was a yooil sjjeHci We nic sorry. 



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WTEflMTIOWAL WLH¥<Y TttmLii^L 

NLFRNBERG, GERMANY 
_±± Exhibit _<£#_ 



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This aocumani it a laigerf wfcicfe wis withdrawn br Hm praiaeulion (it 
Nurcmburg. Who latijcd if and whyT 



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-408- 



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ii ibb oociHiifnt fliiltaniK ? Why ifo you tbmk in? 



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I'ie Eucl-nil^sit T*g alt der EntflOsun^ 
dar eoj-OiiBicotjofi Judcp.f3.2g9 benuftrfl(itpii Cncfu Oar 
SiabjarteiisjiDll^el und uee Cl> crair^akt slob micli 
itLf tuie laafctBt-ap 03t£ebiet 8 . Demtmtftj.ivtclianil sliifl 
di* dle^a H3 a .^« anise tea manuLRtsllan dar tfiaher- 
holtapolisei £i> nie jielmiluafi la* J *J Baffle in iaa 
bejetite.. ijjt^oblatofl Jur lor?n JmiiLlijen Jtreic.. 

Jiaa Judcritua at tilt in ue fl a insula an 
£elQuskoj,_ti}aafiat4n and iamarhala ii.tOij.ji ir- dt-fi 
GflMral)LGX3i3rariateii bIhsu eoar varacLiediujn starliai: 
.Aj.teil ail dor koiiiiLtba vtflksiuBfi. £,£. X*iii,t. la. , ;i.i;i- 
-futhBKign md dar Ucfaiaa iiillianao von M«l« J'h 
Mr* salt GenaralloMa anefloslft Bin J. la *tb zeolr*- 
l*o Gebiet dar UdSQfl, <foeȣen aim! He Ju<tt?n zu* 
wsiteuB firmest en 1 til .ret in dcr b&lydn.flati&QhMs 
-eit eua*toc aa - 51m be a patera Gru^jje at ell en dia in 
Ofifolca dar Rottn Anaee 1939 imfi 1^4 o Eaoh Gatpol«m t 
dar ragtukraln*, Peat- Faiaarutnanian, den bnlliuohen 
L ! md':-ra» 7}e,:D:xrablen un3 BaaaBul^jiA aiii^t ^tu^Bi^n 
Sorjwtjudcn dax. 

. Alia Kammahnaa t-zix J mi enframe in dm ba- 
aetEtm Ost^ebioten bushcii untar der, G*fliaL*ajifcftfct 
ettroffau weriac, ds.no oia Judcnfrfc.gfi si-iltDBtt-BB 
aaob dea triage Tor euhe Kuro^a contrail L *l rrt t 
uerdiin ai/d< iia niiid dalier ala TorueroittnJe Toil- 
jfla sanest a cjjiuleeoa una - btfiurfan der Auatiunm^ 
ait dc:i eoimt au f diaaea Qablat ualrcffenan Eui- 
acbaid ungc n. Me a gilt Tardflb^llch fiir di* ijeliaf- 
fuftfi von Eumla3 a %aaa saltan 1 115*13 iufBHhMnaiD^liaa- 
k el ten fur Judtn sjjm dts fialsha^abiat. 



Whara was Ihis document round? Did any such butting uiit in 1945? 
(Fhaitxiupv; The Hague) 




-410- 
Cditipdrn ths hwKf written markings and store whether page* 2 and 3 htvr heen forrjad. 

{Photocopy: ITie Hague) 






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-414- 
Discuss me protariun value of unsigned confessions. 

(Photocopy: National Archives) 



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