8 Ihe Calendars and Chronology ? At the epoch 2769, 372 years later, in the earl/ years of the Third Dynasty, and within a century of the construction of by Augustus of the original Julian calendar of 45 B.C. which had been mis- applied in operation. From the internal evidence it appears that Sosigenea originally intended it to begin at the winter solstice with 5 epagomenal days so that Jan. i should have been 5 days after the solstice. The proleptic result of the revision by Augustus was to place Jan. i, 45 B.C., 7 days after the solstice, and to scatter, or to leave scattered, the 5 epagomenal days through- out the year. The Saints' days calendar of the Christian Churches preserves more clearly the traces of the old Egyptian calendar. Examination shows an organization with the solstice as the first epagomenal day, Christmas day as the 4th epagomenal day (preserving here the calendric position of the Isis festival) and Boxing day (St. Stephen's day) as the 5th epagomenal day. The arrangement of the principal Saints' days may be expressed in terms of a hypothetical Egyptian calendar, commencing at the winter solstice as follows: Date in Gregorian Calendar Dec. 22 » 25 „ 26 » 27 Jan. 25 Feb. 24 Mar. 25 Apr. 25 June 24 July 2 5 Aug. 24 Sept, 21 Oct. 17 Dec. 21 Feast [winter solstice] Christmas St. Stephen St. John St. Paul St. Matthias Annunciation St. Mark St. John Baptist St. James St. Bartholomew St. Matthew St. Luke St. Thomas Hypothetic Egyptian Calendar date ist epagomena 4th epagomena $th epagomena i.I 30.1 3o.II 29. Ill 30. IV 30. VI i. VIII i. IX 29. IX 26.X 30. XII Even the divergences from the normal intervals are curiously reminiscent of some of the slight shifts in the date of the Egyptian festivals which occurred between 1541 B.C. and 200 B.C. They suggest that these saints' days were introduced by the Church of Alexandria in order to supplant the Egyptian festivals of the months.