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Ibe Calendars and Chronology 15
That EgTpt and the peoples of the Mediterranean islands
shared a common knowledge of astronomy has been established.
Equally it can be shown that they shared to some extent a
common metrology. That science should follow the trade
routes was only natural; but we cannot tell in which direction
science flowed along these routes. Much information on that
matter may well lie buried beneath the Nile silt accumulated
in the Delta during the passage of the last fifty centuries.
Even, however, if that is unearthed, it is improbable that it
will enable scholars to determine the origin of this science
which admittedly appears to accord little with the picture, as
we see it, of the cultural development of the peoples of the
epoch of Menes.
It may be, as some indeed suspect, that the science which
we see at the dawn of recorded history was not science at its
dawn but represents the remnants of the science of some great
and as yet untraced civilization. Where, however, is the seat
of that civilization to be located ? The Assyriologist traces the
culture of Sumer back towards Central Asia, properly preferring
the tangible evidence to the legends of Sumer. Central Asia,
however, is not a happy source for navigational science. We
must look elsewhere for that. Some students of the ancient
civilizations of America, coupling the evidence found in that
continent with the mythologies of Greece and of Egypt, place
it beneath the waves of the Atlantic Ocean: there the problem
may appropriately be left.
J. W, S. SEWELL
failed to show how the stars were used to give a bearing during 18 hours of
the 24 in the latitudes of Britain in summer.