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Egyptian Art                            97
according to the direction of the Nile's flow; sailing-boats face
south, and rowing-boats north.
In a few exceptional cases we find servants, or even groups of
a simple kind, sculptured in stone. Thus at Cairo and Chicago
may be seen dwarfs, musicians, a potter, millers, both male and
female, and even children wrestling. The imaginative fancy
shown by these figures must be taken into account when judge-
ment is passed on the possibilities of Egyptian sculpture.
 vii. Princesses* Jewellery
How can one describe the amazement of the archaeologist
who uncovered the casket in which a princess of the Middle
Kingdom had stored her most precious ornaments ? The chains
which linked up in a cunning design the several parts of the
necklaces had perished, so that the general effect was, at first
sight, that of a torrent of coloured gems mingled with tiny gold
charms inlaid with enamel.
But the unique feature of the find was the discovery of some
pectorals and crowns, which needed no reconstruction to display
their full effect. The pectorals are perfect specimens, flawless
in technique, and graceful in design. The colours are chosen
with excellent judgement, and the symbolism is a masterpiece
of heraldic description. The two crowns present a contrast
which is worth noticing. One of them (Fig. 8), the prototype
of which can be found on a statue of the Fourth Dynasty, repre-
sents a tradition in royal ornament which was never changed;
the other, however, is a work of really imaginative design, in
the form of a bed of growing flowers, linked by a framework of
gold wire which was twined in the hair.
The admiration evoked by the treasure of Dahshur was re-
peated when Mr. Brunton patiently unearthed from the mud
surrounding the casket the jewellery of a princess buried at
Illahun (Fig. 7). Whether one takes the diadem, the pectorals,