Law ' 213 which co-existed in Egypt was merely increased. Only the few Roman citizens who had come over from Italy were governed by the Roman 'imperial law'. In addition to this the Romans had developed a completely different legal system which was applied only in the provinces and which was adapted to the needs of each province, the 'Roman provincial law'. The third legal system which was in force among the native population was the 'national law', which was not, however, a uniform, system, inasmuch as the Greeks lived under Greek law as before, and the Egyptians under Egyptian law. The Roman provincial law, which may be regarded as the most interesting of these legal systems, was the one system which was best capable of further development. This law, which ran parallel with the 'classical' Roman law of the age of the great Roman jurists, was in its own way a classical law too. It displays the great administrative and coloniz- ing qualities of the Romans and their capacity for seizing on essentials. The style of the documents of this period was terse and clear, while in the post-classical period it became digressive and pompous. The provincial law has a special value for legal history inasmuch as it very often anticipated the development of the imperial law. To give one example: in the city of Rome at this time the classical law of civil procedure, which we know from Gaius, was in force. The litigants went to a magistrate who clearly summarized the legal issues in a formula, but who could not himself pronounce judgement. That was done by a private person who was chosen as 'judge5 by the parties. That was a procedure which corresponded to the republican form of government but which Augustus left untouched, out of his respect for tradition. But he had no interest in introducing republican institutions into Egypt which had always been under a monarchic form of government. The law of procedure which he introduced into Egypt was related rather to Roman practice in other provinces. The governor was to be the supreme judge.