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226                         Egypt and Israel
some rather suspicious action on the part of Sheshonk. In
i Kings xi. 18-21, 25 there is the account of Hadad, of the seed
royal of Edom, taking refuge in Egypt after David's conquest
of this land (2 Sam. viii. 14). When Solomon comes to the
throne Hadad leaves Egypt for Palestine where, as it is briefly
narrated, he does 'mischief; the account, it is true, is laconic,
but, in any case, the Egyptian king, Sheshonk, does not prevent
him from his undertaking; indeed, one may well ask, where did
Hadad get his troops from for doing 'mischief', if not from
Egypt ? Similarly, somewhat later, under Solomon's successor,
Rehoboam, Sheshonk harbours another fugitive, Jeroboam, who
likewise, when the opportunity occurs, returns to Palestine,
with grievous results for Judah (i Kings si. 40; zii. 20). This
all suggests a settled purpose on the part of Sheshonk of creating
trouble in Palestine, and thus preparing for direct action. And
very soon this takes place. In I Kings xiv. 25 fL we read: 'And
it came to pass in the fifth year [c. 930 B.C.] of king Rehoboam,
that Shishak [= Sheshonk], king of Egypt, came up against
Jerusalem; and he took away the treasures . . .'; this is also
referred to in 2 Chron. zii. 2-9, where there is a certain amount
of overstatement, characteristic of the Chronicler. The details
of this campaign are recorded by Sheshonk on the walls of the
Karnak temple at Thebes;1 from these it is clear that his
objective was not confined to the southern part of Palestine;
among the cities plundered are several which lay in the Northern
Kingdom. The Biblical account does not mention these because
it is concerned here only with the Southern Kingdom.
From what has been said it is evident that Sheshonk intended
that Syria-Palestine should, after a lapse of nearly three cen-
turies, become once more part of the Egyptian Empire. But
internal troubles in Egypt prevented this, and Egyptian in-
fluence over Syria-Palestine did not again play any decisive role
until the rise of the Ptolemaic dynasty in 323 B.C. This does
1 Breasted, Ancient Records ..., iv. 709-24.