Egypt and Israel 229
was in vain; Ashdod fell, and the revolt was quelled (Isa. xx. i).
The prophet graphically describes the futility of relying on
Egypt (Isa* xx. 2-6): e. . . And they shall be dismayed and
ashamed, because of Ethiopia their expectation, and because of
Egypt their glory. And the inhabitant of this coastland shall
say in that day, Behold, such is our expectation, whither we
fled for help to be delivered from the king of Assyria; and we
(i.e. Judah), how shall we escape?' But the prophet's warning
was disregarded; and a few years later another and more for-
midable alliance against Assyria, in the reign of Sennacherib
(705-681 B.C.), was formed. The allies included Phoenicia,
Philistia, Judah, Edom, Moab, Amraon, with various Bedawin
tribes, and Egypt; a host * without number* as Sennacherib
records. At the battle of Eltekeh (701 B.C.), not far from the
Egyptian frontier, the allies were defeated,1 and for the third
time the Assyrians stood on the borders of Egypt without in-
vading it, being forced to retire because of troubles elsewhere.
Egypt as an ally of Judah had, however, again disappointed
expectations. With truth did Sennacherib's oiScer send, the
mocking message to Hezekiah, king of Judah: 'Now, behold,
thou trustest upon the staff of this bruised reed, even upon
Egypt; whereon if a man lean it will go into his hand and pierce
it; so is Pharaoh, king of Egypt unto all that trust on him'
(2 Kings xviii. 21).
During the next twenty years or so there is nothing to record
so far as Egyptian activity in Syria-Palestine is concerned. On
the death of Sennacherib in 681 (680) B.C. his son Esarhaddon
ascended the throne; and after having quelled the civil war
which arose after the murder of his father, Sennacherib (2 Kings
six. 37), and otherwise settling affairs in his empire, his atten-
tion was called westwards. In 677 B.C. the king of Sidon, Abdi-
milkutti, in all probability instigated by Egypt, revolted; Esar-
haddon was soon on the spot, captured Sidon, and sacked it.
1 For the details concerning Judah, see 2 Kings xriiL 13-3/3 *&•