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232                        Egypt and Israel
Late in 610 B.C. this city was attacked and captured; but the
Ass7rian army fled before the attack began, with the purpose,
as the sequel shows, of joining up with the Egyptians. Together
they sought to recapture Harran in the following year, 609 B.C.,
Pharaoh-Necho having succeeded to the throne of Egypt; in
this they were unsuccessful, but they were able to withdraw to
Syria. Presumably the Egyptians returned to their own country;
but the Assyrians occupied Carchemish, on the Euphrates. For
four years hostilities ceased; for what reason is not known.
Assyria was, in any case, not in a position to exercise any author-
ity, and of this Egypt took full advantage, so far as Syria-
Palestine was concerned. The Old Testament gives evidence of
this, though it must be confessed that some chronological con-
fusion is evident in 2 Kings xxiii. 29, 30 and 2 Chron. xxxv.
20-4; at any rate, what is said in 2 Kings xxiii. 31-5 shows that
Palestine was wholly subject to Egypt; this passage must be
quoted; in reference to Jehoahaz it is said: 'And Pharaoh-necho
put him in bands at Riblah, in the land of Hamath, that he
might not reign in Jerusalem; and he put the land to a tribute.
. . . And Pharaoh-necho made Eliakim, the son of Josiah, king
in the room of Josiah his father, and changed his name to
Jehoiakim; but he took Jehoahaz away; and he came to Egypt
and died there. And Jehoiakim gave the silver and the gold to
Pharaoh; but he taxed the land to give the money according to
the commandment of Pharaoh; he exacted the silver and the
gold of the people of the land, of everyone according to his
taxation, to give it unto Pharaoh-necho.' This supremacy of
Egypt was of but short duration. In 605 B.C. the Babylonian
army, now under the command of Nebuchadnezzar, gained a
decisive victory over the Egyptians at Carchemish; and Egypt
lay at the feet of Babylon. This battle is described in Jer. xlvi.
1-12; and in 2 Kings xxiv. 7 it is said: *And the king of Egypt
came not again any more out of his land; for the king of Babylon
had taken, from the brook of Egypt unto the river Euphrates,