Egypt and Israel 237 The nest mention we have of a Jewish colony in Egypt is in connexion with the founding of Alexandria by Alexander the Great, in 332 B.C. There is no reason to doubt the truth of Josephus' statement that Alexander gave the Jews 'equal privi- leges in this city with the Greets themselves' when he founded the city (Sell. Jud. ii. 487, cf. Contra Ap. ii. 35); for this is borne out by the edict of the Emperor Claudius, in which it is said that 'the Jews of Alexandria, called Alexandrians, have been joint-inhabitants in the earliest times with the Alexandrians, and have obtained from their kings equal privileges with them, as is evident by the public records which are in their possession, and the edicts themselves . . .' (Antiq. xix. 281). It is not to be supposed that Josephus invented this! The Jews were assigned a special quarter in the city by Alexander's successors, cwho set apart for them a particular place' (Bell. Jud. ii. 488); this is also mentioned by Strabo (quoted by Josephus, Antiq. xiv. 117). But by the time of Philo this isolation no longer existed, for he says that they lived in all parts of the city (De Leg. ad Cajum, § 20). Regarding their organization, Strabo says: 'There is also an ethnarch allowed them, who governs the nation, and distributes justice to them, and takes care of their contracts, and of the laws belonging to them, as if he were the ruler of a free republic' (Antiq. xiv. 117). Space forbids our following out further the history of the Jews in Alexandria under Ptolemaic rule,1 and later under the Roman Empire; but we cannot tinnlr of the Jews of Alexandria without recalling the fact that this city was the home of the Septuagint. The account of the origin of this profoundly important work, as given in the Letter of Aristeas, is the embellishment, with a number of imaginary details, of the fact that among the Jews of Alexandria a Greek translation of the Pentateuch (the Law) was made for use among 1 See Buchler, Die Tobiaden und die Oniaden . . ., pp. 212-38 (1899); Schurer, Gescbicbte de* jiidiscben Folkes . .., iii, pp. 24-52 (1909); and for the Temple in Leontopolis (162 B.C.) see Buchler, pp. 239-76; Schurer, pp. 144-8.