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276                        The Greek Papyri
Ms wife's influence and that the neighbour perhaps objected to
these foreign ways, just as we hear of Egyptians attacking Greeks
because they were Greeks and vice versa. The second, in which
a man complains that now he is old and suffering from a disease
of the eye (still to-day one of the plagues of Egypt) his daughter,
in spite of all he has done for her, will not support him, lets
us see that education for women was not unknown in Ptolemaic
One of the difficulties of the study of documentary papyri is
that of finding a unifying principle by which to treat them.
This may be done by considering together a group of documents
such as petitions or leases, and though temporal and local varia-
tions may be considerable, yet the results gained, particularly
from the diplomatic and legal standpoint, will be valuable; as-
an alternative to this vertical view we can occasionally take
a horizontal cross-section of miscellaneous documents. Such
archives—large groups of documents from the same place and
approximately of the same date, and relating in the main to
one group of persons—are not very numerous; the largest and
richest is that of the papers of Zenon, and second to it, at least
among the earlier papyri, the large collection relating to the
affairs of some inmates of the Serapeum at Memphis in the
second century B.C. Among the smaller archives none is more
homogeneous or more attractive than that of Apollonius, strate-
gus of the nome of Apollonopolis Heptakomia at the end of
Trajan's reign and the beginning of Hadrian's.
The papyri of this archive number nearly 150 and all fall
with a period of seven years; they are a part, if only a small part,
of the collected papers which Apollonius took with him when
he laid down his office and retired to his property at Hermopolis.
It is very rarely that we get such a clear view of anyone as we
do of Apollonius both in his private and in his public life. It
so happens that he held his office—in spite of its title, the office