^ET. 39] FALL OF THE GLADSTONE MINISTRY 47 Bill was to be introduced on June 10. Parnell bided his time, watching his opportunity. On June 8 the second reading of the Budget Bill was moved by the Chancellor of the Exchequer. Sir Michael Hicks-Beach moved an amendment condemning the increase of beer and spirit duties proposed by Ministers. The House divided on the question. The Irish vote was cast upon the side of the Tories, and the Government were defeated by a majority of 12. When the figures, 264— 252, were handed in, a wild cheer of triumph and vengeance, mingled with cries of 'Bemember coercion/ broke from the Irish benches. Parnell had shot his bolt and brought down his man. Mr. Gladstone resigned immediately, and before the end of the month the Tories were in office. Lord Salisbury was Prime Minister, Sir Michael Hicks-Beach Chancellor of the Exchequer, Lord Randolph Churchill Secretary of State for India, and the Earl of Carnarvon Viceroy of Ireland. The effect of this coup de main on Liberal opinion has been described by Mr. Morley: 'A second point that cannot escape attention in this crisis is the peremptory dissipation of favourite illusions as to the Irish vote "not counting." The notion that the two English parties should establish an agreement that if either of them should chance to be beaten by a majority due to Irish auxiliaries the victors should act as if they had lost the division has been cherished by some who are not exactly simpletons in politics. We now see what such a notion is worth. It has proved to be worth just as much as might have been expected by any onlooker who knows the players, the fierceness of the clauses' which related to changes of venue, Special juries, Boycotting. Ministers proposed, in facb, to dispense with the name and maintain the reality of coercion.—Jeyes, Tlie Right Hon. Joscpli Chamberlain,]). 148.sts to go armed to their meetings until the bad example was set by the Orangemen.'— Hansard. American Land League.