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70                 CHARLES STEWAET PAENELL             [1885
There was one class of proprietors, and one only, in respect to whom I thought a provision ought to be made for buying out their interestsóthe absentees who have estates in England. They could not be expected to reside in Ireland, and they have always been a disturbing element there. Ireland has been governed at their discretion, and with a care mainly to their individual interests, at any time that can be specified from the sixteenth century downwards.
But the securities which he claimed against the rash or illegitimate disturbance of the fundamental conditions of the new constitution ought, I admittedó and could, I insistedóbe provided. It is not necessary that I should go into details here, as I specified at a later period in a ' Review' article the securities I relied on.
I was fortunate enough to obtain the admission of many noted Unionists that it was sufficient.1
In the middle of October 1884 I made a visit of some days to Highclere with a view to the free colloquial discussion which Lord Carnarvon desired. The time had manifestly come to consider the Irish question, not as an academic thesis, but as a practical problem wiiich might soon demand immediate handling. I was of opinion that there were many other Conservatives, especially in the House of Commons, who thought that this problem ought to be speedily dealt with, and I undertook to write an article showing that there was nothing in the principles or practice of the party which prohibited them from undertaking the task. I wrote an article entitled c An Appeal to the
1 A Fair Constitution for Ireland, by Sir'C. Gavan Duffy, K.C.M.G. Republished as a pamphlet from the Contemporary Review by Sampson Low, Marston & Co., London.e Irish problem.Carnarvon.   During