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/Er. 39]      THE  CARNARVON  CONTROVERSY                71
Conservative Party,' which Lord Carnarvon sent to the * National Keview/1 their monthly organ. It excited wide controversy, and was unexpectedly well received by the Conservative Press. A mere glance at the Appeal will be sufticient for my present purpose, but such a glance is necessary to explain Lord Carnarvon's connection with the Irish problem, for I stated only opinions which I was persuaded he also held. I reminded Conservatives that there was nothing in their hereditary policy which forbade them to take the claims of Ireland into favourable consideration, and nothing in the nature of these claims which, justified English gentlemen in rejecting them without further inquiry.
Tho Tories got their historic name (7W<r Irish Itajijiarw) from their sympathy with oppressed Catholics whom tho \Vhig8 were plundering or loading with penal lawn. On tho fundamental principles of loyalty and obedience to authority, Trial* (Catholics and Knglish Tories wero then in accord; l>nt the fnsh wing of tho Tory party were Puritans for tho nuwt part (wore, in fact, hitter Whigs of tho original type), and they ^avo what in modern times would he called an Orange tinge to tho policy of tho entire connection. Tho original amity, however, justified tho presumption that there in no essential and immovable harrier between OonHorvative.s and the IriHli people. They wero friends at tho beginning -why should they not still bo fricmdn?
It was on bohalf of Torion of tho lanfc century that tho firnt offer to repeal tho penal lawn wan made, William Pitt, prompted by Kdmund Burke, projected tho complete emancipation of CatholicH. Burko wild, in HO many wordn: 'If you do not emancipate tho Catholics, they will naturally and inevitably join tho Republican conspiracy hatched in J>eliaBt,' But a cabal in Dublin, in tho interest of 1'rote.Htant anaondeney, thwarted tho doflign of tho 8tatoHitiont and from that day forth tho Wbi^H, who took up tho measure which their opponents abandoned, have boon ablo to count on Irian Catholics as allies against the Tories.
1 February 1HH5.w liciiiml U-fMtv i*iiiiuiun^ the Biipport of Irif'ih vutrni for c;iniiuUtr-i \vlm inact that the government consisted of a committee of three.