SIR JOHX PAHNKLL 7
Sir John Parncll wan born about 1745. At first intended for the diplomatic nervice, he ultimately gave himself up wholly to Irish politics. Becoming a student of Lincoln's Inn in 17(5(5, ho wan never called to the Bar either in England or Ireland; though elected, many years later, a bencher of the King's Inns, Dublin. He entered the Irish .Parliament about 1770, and was appointed a Commissioner of Customs and Excise in 1780.
Parnell's position was now unique. Holding ofiico under the Crown, he possessed the confidence of Grattan and the, Nationalists; a supporter of the Government, he wan in touch with popular feeling. He commanded a volunteer corps during the great crisis of 1780-8*2, and cordially identified himself with the struggle for legislative, independence In 1783, however, he opposed Flood's Scheme of Parliamentary Kcfonn, and later still he declined, like many other patriotic Irishmen of the time, to follow (1 rattan's lead on the Catholic question. Standing high in favour with the authorities,, he beeiuw? Chancellor of the Exchequer in 17B5, and Privy Councillor in 1780. In .1788 ho won popular applauno by reducing the intercBt on the National Del.it from <» to 5 prr cent, After the admission of tho Catholics to the parliamentary franchise in I7lKi» he was drawn more into sympathy with them, and apparently luokrtl upon complete emancipation as inevitables
In J794 he, Grattun, and Home other Irish politicians veiled London and eonft-rrrd with Pitt on I mil affairs. At a dinner party at the Duke of Portland'n, Parnell, who Bat next to Pitt, took Urn opportunity ol introducing the subject of C'lithnlicM and Prot<wtanU in Ireland. lie naid that the old filling of ill-will was