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JKx. 29]                     JOSEPH BIG GAR                             8l
very unlike it in other respects ; but it is like it in this, it suffereth violence and the violent take it by force.' These, however, were not the views of Isaac Butt. ' I am not/ he once said, ' in favour of a policy of exasperation/ The House cheered the sentiment; and for the rest treated Butt with gentle contempt. There was at this time a member of the Irish party who did not sympathise with the tactics of his leader. He believed in a policy of blood and iron. 'All nonsense, sir/ he would say, * the way Butt goes on. lie thinks he will get something out of the English by rubbing thorn down. Nonsense,; rub them up, sir, that's the tiring to do ; rub them up. Make them uncomfortable. That's the right policy/ This amiable individual wan Joseph Gillis Biggar.
Biggar was a wealthy Ulster merchant and a member of tho supremo council of the I. 11. B. He came to the British Parliament practically to see how much mischief ho could do to the British Empire. Ho had no respect for tho House of Commons; he had no respect for any English institution. Of course he had no oratorical faculty, no literary gifts ; indeed, he could hardly speak three consecutive sentences. Ho had little political knowledge, he despised books and tho readers of books; but he was shrewd and businesslike, without manners and without fear. lie regarded parliamentary rules as all 'rot,' delighted in shocking the House, and gloried, in causing general confusion. Ho had but two ideas—to rasp the House of Commons, and make himself thoroughly hated by tho British public. It must be confessed that in these respects he succeeded to bin heart's content.
Curiously enough, the very day on which Parnell took his seat Biggar made his first formidable essay in
VOL. I*                                                               Q-