J&T. 30] JOSEPH IIONAYNE 93
gentlemanly; we're all too gentlemanly.' There was at this time an Irish member who shared Biggar's views, or perhaps it might be more accurate to say that Biggar shared his views. Any way they thought alike on tlie subject of parliamentary tactics. This member was Joseph Eonayne.
Ronayne had been a Young Icelander, and had sat for the city of Cork since 1872. He was a shrewd, business-like man, oŁ quiet and retiring manners. Unwilling to take a prominent part in debate, he was helpful and earnest in council, always advising energetic action, but, as he would say, too old—he was only fifty-four —to put his views into practice. After three years' experience in the House of Commons he came to the conclusion that Irish business coxild never be done by the adoption of Butt's conciliatory tactics. ' We will never/ he urged in 1874, 'make any impression on the House until we interfere in English business. At present Englishmen manage their own affairs in their own way without any interference from us. Then, when we want to get our business through, they stop us. We ought to show them that two can play at this game of obstruction. Let us interfere in English legislation ; let us show them that if we are not strong enough to get our own work done, we are strong enough to prevent them from getting theirs/
But, with a single exception, the Irish party were at this time unwilling to take Ronayne's advice. Butt would not listen to it. He thought such tactics would be undignified, useless, mischievous. Bonayne did not press the point, but he would say to the younger men of the party : * Well, it is for you to do the work. I am too old. But Englishmen will never pay attention to you until you make yourselves a nuisance to them/