JúT. 34] DISSOLUTION OF PARLIAMENT
Then, to the astonishment of everyone, the Dissolution was sprang upon the country.1 The Government tried to make Home Eule the issue of the conflict, and to stir up English passion and prejudice against Ireland. * My Lord Duke/ said Lord Beaconsfield in his letter to the Irish Viceroy, the Duke of Marlborough, ' A danger in its ultimate results scarcely less disastrous than pestilence and famine, and which now engages your Excellency's anxious attention, distracts Ireland.
was advancing to Irish landlords 1,100,OOOZ. of the surplus funds of the disestablished Church in Ireland, to lend that money to Irish landlords without interest for two years, and at the end of two years at the rate of one per cent. ; and, unless numbers of landlords are gravely maligned, when they employed their tenants and paid them wages out of this fund for working upon their own farms (which wages went towards payment of rent), those tenants were charged in some cases four and five and even more per cent., and that in perpetuity, on the very money advanced by the State for their relief, thus getting the relief filtered through the hands of the landlords in this indirect and very ineffective fashion ' (Speech of Sir Charles Russell, p. 159).
1 The Government made another attempt in February to deal with obstruction, and passed the following resolution : ' That whenever any member shall have been named by the Speaker or by the chairman of a committee of the whole House as disregarding the authority of the chair, -or abusing the rules of the House by persistently and wilfully obstructing the business of the House or otherwise, then, if the offence has been committed in the House, the Speaker shall forthwith put the question or motion being made, no amendment, adjournment, or debate being allowed : " That such member be suspended from the service of the House during the remainder of that day's sitting ; " and if the offence has been committed in a committee of the whole House, the chairman, shall, on motion being made, put the same question in a similar way, and if the motion is carried shall forthwith suspend the proceedings of the committee and report the circumstance to the House, and the Speaker shall thereupon put the same question, without amendment, adjournment, or debate, as if the offence had been committed in the House itself. If any member be suspended three times in one session under this order, this suspension on the third occasion shall continue for one week and until a motion has been made, upon which it shall be decided at one sitting by the House whether the suspension shall then cease or for what longer period it shall continue, and on tbe occasion of such motion the member may, if he desires it, be heard in his place. Provided always that nothing in this resolution shall be taken to deprive the House of the power of proceeding against any member according to ancient usages.'
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