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Full text of "The Loom Of Language"

The Classification of Languages         183

is indebted to the other. This apphes to word-similanties which the
Celuc and Teutonic gioups do not share with other Aryan languages
The common woids of this class are all nouns, some of which are

TENSES OF THE VERB BE IN ROMANCE LANGUAGES
(PRONOUNS ONLY USED FOR EMPHASIS IN BRACKETS)

ENGLISH
		BRENCH
	SPANISH
	LATIN
	ITALIAN


	' I am
	je suts
	(yo) soy
	(ego) sum
	(10) sono

4-J
	thou art
	tu es
	(tu) eres
	(tu) es
	(tu) sei

S
	he is
	il est
	(cl)es
	(ille) est
	(egh) e

<L>
	we are
	nous sommes
	(nosotros) somos
	(nos) sumus
	(noi) siamo

cu
	you are
	vous Cte^
	(vosotros) sois
	(vob) estis
	(voi) siete


	^ they are
	ils sont
	(ellos) son
	(illi) sunt
	(essi) sono

4-1
	I was (used to
	j'etais
	era
	eram
	ero

o
	be)
	
	
	
	


	thou wert
	tu 6tai^
	eras
	eias
	en

K
	he was
	ti Man
	era
	erat
	era


	we were
	nous etiont
	eranios
	eramus
	eravamo

$
	you were
	vous etiez
	erais
	eratib
	eravate

p.
	..they were
	ils itaient
	eran
	erant
	erano

0
	'I was
	je fas
	fuf
	fui
	fui

a
	thou weit
	tu fab
	fiuste
	fuusti
	tosti

<u
	he was
	ilfut
	fue
	fuit
	fu

Q
	we were
	nous tumes
	fuimos
	fuimub
	fummo

to
	you were
	vous futcs
	fuisteis
	fuistis
	foste

cS
	^ they wci e
	ils furent
	fueron
	fucrunt
	furono


	" I shall be
	ie 'Ci.si
	sere
	ero
	sai6

D
	thou wilt be
	ta seras
	seras
	em
	sarai

y
	he will be
	il sera
	sera
	cut
	sara

3
	we shall be
	nous seiono
	seiemos
	eri>wis
	saremo

&
	you will be
	vous sere-i
	seieis
	t,rit>i>
	sarete


	^they will be
	lib seiont
	scran
	ci unt
	saranno

(ro) BE
		JtfRF
	SEE
	ESSE
	ESSERE

names for metals, tools and vehicles. This does not indicate that there
is a particulaily close evolutionary relationship between Celtic and
Teutonic in the sense defined above Other features show that a
wide gulf separates them. Archaeological evidence suggest* that the
Teutons took over words with die arts they assimilated from Celtic

communities at a higher cultural level