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Full text of "The Loom Of Language"

The Classification of Languages         189

much valid historic evidence to suppoit Bopp's teaching (see especially
pp 100, 120., 339) is available from the relatively recent history of
Indo-European languages

The present tense of "to bear," "to carry/5 in the following table,
where the Teutonic group is represented by Old High German, illus-
trate obvious affinities of conjugation in the Aryan family*

ENGLISH

I bear

(thou bearest)
he bears
we bear
you bear
they bear

SANSKRIT

bharami

bharasi

bharati

bharamas

bharata

bharanti

GREEK

(DORIC)       LATIN*

phero        fero

phereis      fers

pherei        fert

pheromes   ferimus

pherete      fertis

pheronti    ferunt

OLD HIGH
GERMAN

OLD

SLAVONIC

biru           bera

bins          beresi

bint          beretu

berames     beremu

beret         berete

berant       beratu

The singular of the present optative of the verb to bey corre-
sponding to the use of be in if it be, m three dead languages of the
group is

SANSKRIT

syam

syas

syat

OLD LAI IN

siem

sies

siet

GOTHIC

sijau
sijais
sijai

From a mass of phonetic, morphological and word-similarities, we
thus recognize the unity of the well-defined family called Aryan by
Anglo-American, Indo-European by French, and Indo-Germanic by
German writers. The last of the three is a misnomer Indeed the
family does not keep within the limits indicated by the term Indo-
European It is spread out over an enormous belt that stretches
almost without interruption from Central Asia to the fringes of
westernmost Europe On the European side the terminus is Celtic,
and on the Asiatic, Tokhanan* a tongue once spoken by the inhabitants
of Eastern Turkestan and recently (1906) unearthed in documents
written over a thousand years ago
The undeniable similarities between these languages suggest that
they are all representatives of a single earlier one which must have been
spoken by some community, at some place and at some tune in the
prehistoric past. The idiom of the far-flung Impenwn Romanian began
* The initial / sound m many Latin words corresponds to b in Teutonic
Sj cf Latin frater} English "brother