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Full text of "The Loom Of Language"

How to Learn the Basic Word List      243

the lh sound of million, represented by LL, may replace any one of
the three compounds cited. In Portuguese the three consonant combi-
nations make way foi the sh sound represented by CH.


	
	
	PORTU-
	
	

LATIN
	ITALIAN
	SPANISH
	
	FRENCH
	ENGLISH


	
	
	GUESE
	
	

PLENO
	pieno
	lleno
	cheio
	plem
	full

PLUERJE
	piovere
	Hover
	chover
	pleuvoir
	to rain

CLAVE
	chiave
	Have
	chave
	clef
	key

FLAMMA
	fiamma
	llama
	chama
	flamme
	flame

In two of its daughter dialects the medial and final I of a Latin word
often takes the soft value of lh in million The symbol for this is GL in
Italian and LH m Portuguese In Spanish it gave way to the ch in Scots
loch This is represented by J In many French words, including all
those in the list below, a Latin L has become the y sound in yes
This pronunciation, which is Parisian in origin, appears from the seven-
teenth century on and does not intrude in the written language

LATIN
	ITALIAN
	SPANISH
	PORTUGUESE
	FRENCH
	ENGLISH

AURICULA
	orecchio
	oreja
	orelha
	oreille
	ear

CONSILIO
	consiglio
	conse^o
	conselho
	conseil
	counsel

FILIA
	figlia
	hija
	filha
	fille
	daughter

FOLIA
	foglia
	hoja
	folha
	feuille
	leaf

OCULO
	occhio
	OJO
	olho
	ceil
	eye

PALEA
	pagha
	paja
	pallia
	paille
	straw

TRIPALIO
	travagho
	txabajo
	trabalho
	travail
	work

Between vowels b and p of Latin words were also unstable Of the
two the former softened to the v sound even before Vulgaf Latin
broke up In French it maintains itself as # or has faded out, in Italian
and Portuguese words it vacillates between b and z>, and m Spanish
it appears uniformly as b> but the Spanish Academy Grammar admits
that <cin the gieater part of Spain the pronunciation of b and v is the
same although it ought not to be " Laun p between vowels survives
in Italian alone In French it has become #, and in Spanish and
Portuguese soft b
Another change affected all Latin dialects except Portuguese A short
stressed e and o respectively made way for the compound vowels te