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Full text of "The Loom Of Language"

How to Learn the Basic Word List      245

guesea and French equivalents of classical Latin words beginning with
ST? SQ SP3 SQ3 SL5 appropriate a vowel, e g Latin spzntu> Spanish
espintUy Portuguese espinto, French espnt9 or Latin scnlere (to write),
Spanish escrihr^ Portuguese escrever> French ecnre. This e- turns up in
Latin inscriptions of the second century A D , and was once part of the
spoken language of the Empire It dropped out in Italian, e g spinto or
scnvere In English words derived fiom French or Latin this initial e
is absent There are a few exceptions^ eg estate, esquire., espouse,
especially The following list illustrates the contrast and also shows a
French peculiarity explained in the next paragiaph

ENGLISH
	FRENCH
	SPANISH
	ENGLISH
	FRENCH
	SPANISH

scald
	echauffer
	escaldar
	spine
	£pme
	espina

scarlet
	£carlate
	escarlata
	sponge
	eponge
	esponja

school
	6cole
	escuela
	spouse
	6poux
	esposo

scnpture
	Venture
	escntura
	stamp
	£tampe
	estampa

scum
	ecume
	espuma
	standard
	Standard
	estandarte

slave
	esclave
	esclavo
	state
	etat
	estado

sluice
	ecluse
	esclusa
	stanch
	6tancher
	estancar

space
	espace
	espacio
	stomach
	estomac
	estomage

spade
	6p6e
	espada
	strange
	etrange
	estrano

Spain
	Espagne
	Espafia
	study
	^tudier
	estudiar

spice
	6pice
	especia
	stuff
	etoffe
	estofa

We have now looked at what was happening to Latin dialects simul-
taneouslym different partsof the disintegrated empire during the fouror
so centuries after the fall of Rome We shall now look at more local
changes From this viewpoint French stands most apart from its sister
languages We have already met (p. 225) one peculiarity of French.

ITALIAN
	SPANISH
	PORTUGUESE
	MIDDLE FRENCH
	MODLRN FRENCH
	ENGLISH

bastardo
			bastard
	BATARD
	bastard

bestia
		besta
	beste
	BETE
	beast

chiostro
	claustro
		cloistre
	CLOffRE
	cloitfer

costa
			coste
	COlE
	coasr

costare
	costar
	custar
	couster
	COUTER
	(to) cost

festa
	fiesta
	festa
	feste
	F£TB
	feast

isola
	isla
	ilha
	isle
	iLE
	vie

ostnca
	ostra
		oistre
	IIUlTRE
	oyster