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Full text of "The Loom Of Language"

274

TJie Loom of Language

eg all the water Swedish, Danish, Dutch and Geiman prescribe
separate words (see table on p 283) for ail before a plural noun and
all tke,i e the whole The English word only can qualify a verb, adjective,
or noun As an adverb, i e qualifier of a verb or adjective, its usual

TEUTONIC POINTER-WORDS  AND LINK PRONOUNS*

ENGLISH
	SWEDISH
	DANISH
	DUTCH
	GERMANf

(at) Demonstratives (see pp  144-5^

THIS
	denna (c s ) detta (n s ) dessa (pi )
	denne (c s ) dette (n s ) disse (pi ;
	deze (c s ) dit (n s ) deze (pi )
	dieser (m s )t dieses (n s ) diese(f s &mnfpl )

THAT
	den det de
		die dat die
	jener jenes jene

WHICH
	vilken vilket \ilka
	hvilken
 hvilket hvnke
	welke welk welke
	welchei welches welche

Link Pronouns (s pp 144-5)

THAT
	ATT                 |               AT
		DAT
	DJiSS

WHO, THAT, 'WHICH
 (as subject)
	SOM
		DIE(CS &cn t>l) DAT (nsg)
	DER (m) DAS (n )
 DIE (f s & m n f pi )

WHOM, THAT, WHICH (as object)
				DEN (m) DAS (n)
 DIE (f s & m n f pi

TO WHOM TO WHICH
	TUX VILKEN (C ) TILLVXLRBT (r ) TILL VILKA (pi )
	TIL HVILKEN TIL HVILKET TIL HYIUkE
	AAN WIE (persons')
 WAARAN(rAlK^)
	DEM (m n )
 DER (f ) DENZ^V (c pi )

WHOSE, OF WHICH
	VEMS
	HVE>
	VW WIE
 (persons)
 WAARVAN(r/Mns)
	DESSEN (m n ) DEREN(f s&mnfpl )

WHOM, WHICH
 (after all other prepositions)
	(H)VILKEK (c ) (H)VILKET (n )
 VILKA                    HVILKE(pl)
		prep +WIE (persons') WAAR -f- prep (thtfjgs)
	as for WHOM above after prepositions on page 263,   otherwise   as tor TO WHOM

WHAT
	VAD
	HVAD
	WAf
	WAS

meaning is the same as merely As an adjective its usual meaning is
solitary or single Swedish, Danish^ Dutch., and German prescribe
separate words (see pp 283 and 341) for only as adverb meaning
merely and as adjective meaning single
* c common, n neuter, m masculine, / feminine, gender .s singular,
pi plural For conventions respecting capitals, see p 371
f Nominative case-forms only given here (see p 293)
$ In common speech btiessed der., die, das, replace dieser, etc /e g der Mann
with stress on Mann means tJie man, but with stress on der it means this man,