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Full text of "The Loom Of Language"

276

Tlie Loom of Language

TEUTONIC INTERROGATIVES*

ENGLISH
	SWEDISH
	DANISH
	DUTCH
	GERMAN

how^
	hur
	hvordan
	hoe
	wie

how much "> how many^
	hur mycket hur manga
	hvor meget hvor mange
	1-    hoeveel
	wieviel wieviele

when^
	nar
	naar
	wanneer
	warm

whence^
	varifran
	hvorfra
	vanwaar
	woher

whither ^
	vart
	foorhen
	waarheen
	wohin

where
	var
	hvor
	waar
	wo

why^
	varfor
	hvorfor
	waarom
	warum

who^
	VEM
	HVEM
	WIE
	WER

which ^     <
	VILKEN, VILKET, VILKA
	HVILKEN, HVILKET, HVILKE
	WELKE WELK WELKE
	\   WELCHER J       (-5, -E)

what^
	VAD
	HVAD
	WAT
	WAS

whom^
	VEM
	HVEM
	WIEN
	WEN

to whonP
	TILL VEM
	TIL HVEM
	AAN WIE
	WEM

whose ^
	VEMS
	HVIS
	VAN WIE
	WESSEN

what kind
	
	
	
	

of      >
	vad slags
	hvilken slags
	wat voor een
	was fur em

THE SCANDINAVIAN CLAN
The Scandinavian clan consists of four official languages of which
Icelandic differs little from Old Norse of the sagas Icelanders read the
latter as we read Shakespeare,, if we do so The others3 Swedish, Danish
and Norwegian, differ from one another scarcely more than do some
dialects within the British Isles The first is spoken throughout Sweden
by over six million people3 and by a substantial Swedish minority in
Finland Danish is the official language of Denmark, with a population
of three and three-quarter millions The Norwegian dialects are the
vernaculars of about two and three-quarter millions The official
language of Norway is less highly standardized than that of Denmark
Till 1905^ when Norway seceded from Sweden^ it was still Danish
This official Dano-Norwegian of the ruling clique was then the medium
of instruction in all higher education as well as of administrative
procedure, and was far removed from the speech of the masses Since
secession, the government has introduced successive changes to make
the spelling more phonetic and the accepted grammatical standards
* Same conventions as on p 371