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Full text of "The Loom Of Language"

Bir$s-Bye View of Teutonic Grammar   283

TEUTONIC  INDEFINITE POINTER-WORDS


	SWEDISH
	DANISH
	Duron
	GERMANt

A, AN
	en
	(cl
	een
	m ( m & n )


	ett (n )
	et (n)
	
	eine(f)

ALL (pi)*
	alia
	alle
	al
	alle

AS MUCH A»
	Sdmycken(-r)som
	baa mege«(-r) sorn
	zooveel als
	so wel me

BOTH
	bada (bagge)
	begge (baade)
	be
	;de

EACH, EVERY, EACH ONE
	var
	hver
	elk(«),ieder (-e'S
	jad^r (-«, -el

ENOUGH
	nog
	nok
	gecceg
	genug

EVERYONE
	ENVAR
	ENHVER
	IEDEREEN
	JEDERMANN(^IIB)

EVERYTHING
	ALLT
	ALT
	AL
	IES

FEW
	fa
	taa
	weinige
	Wcruge

MANY
	manga
	mange
	veele
	vrele

MUCH
	mycken (-r)
	megen (-j)
	veel
	viel

NO, NOT ANY
	ingen (c ) tntet (n )
		geen
	kcm (m &. n ) kerne (f)

NOBODY
	INGEN
		NTO
	4AND


	
		!
	
NOTHING
	INTET
		NIETS
	NTctrrs

ONE (pron )
	MAN (EN)
		A.EN
	MW

ONLYt
	enda
	ene
	eenigst  -e)
	einzig (e)


	annan
	anden
	
	anderer ''m )

OTHES
	annat andra
	anaet andre
	ander andere
	andeies (n ) andere (f )

SSVE<4J,
	flera
	fiere
	verscheidene
	n^eurere,


	nagon
	nogen
	
	\ersciuedene

SOME, ANY
	nagot
	nogei
	eenig
	


	nagra
	nogle
	
	

SOMFONE
	NAGON
	NOGEN
	IEMAND
	jEj^AVD

SOMETHING
	NA.GOT
	NOGBT
	IETS
	ETW/S

SUCH
	sadan C-r, -a)
	saadan (-:, -e)
	zulk (-e)
	solcber (-«, -*)


	den
	(cs)
	de (c s )
	der (m s )

THE
	det (n s )
		het (n s )
	das (n s )


	de (pi )
		
	die (f s & m n.f pi )

TOO MUCH
	fdr myckew (-r)
	for megen (-0
	te veel
	zuviel

THE SOUTHERN CLAN
The flexional passive of the Scandinavian verb and the terminal
definite article of the Scandinavian noun are features which the English
and the southern representatives of the Teutonic group have never had
at any stage in their common history The southern clan, which in-
cludes Dutch and German, also has positive grammatical character-
istics which its members do not share with its northern relatives
Three of them recall characteristics of Old English*
(i) The flexional ending of the third person singular of the present
tense of a Dutch or German verb is t In accordance with the
* All before a singular noun is equivalent to the whole (Swed kela, Dan hele,
Dutch geheel) German gans]
f Not as adverb, see p 341
t Invariant unless masculine, neuter and femmiac nominative case-forms are
m parenthesis