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Full text of "The Loom Of Language"

Bird*s-Eye View of Teutonic Grammar   295

Thus we have to use the weak forms of the adjective in

von der guten Frau
mit diesem neuen Geld
ohne die alien Hute

=   from the good woman
=    with this new money
=    without the old hats

(111) When no demonstrative, article or possessive stands in front of
the adjective^, it takes the strong endings of the various case-forms of the
demonstrative Once we know the case-forms of der> das> die, we know
the strong endings of the adjective The table below shows the essential
similarity between the strong endings of the adjective and the endings of
the absent (in brackets) demonstrative


	MASCULINE SINGULAR
	NEUTLR SINGULAR
	FEMININE SINGULAR
	PLURAL

Norrnn
	(dEK)
 rotER
	(daS) rotES
	(<ftJS)
 rotE
	
Accus
	(JEN) rotEN
			
Gen
	(dES) rotES
		(dl rot
	2R)
 :ER

Dat
	(dEAf) rotEM
			(dEN) rotEN

Accordingly we use the strong forms analogous to the corresponding
absent demonstrative in

ohne rotes Blut
without red blood

fur gute Frauen
for good women

mil roteni Blut
with red blood

von guten Frauen
of good women

(iv) The behaviour Ťof an ordinary adjective when it stands alone
before the noun and when it follows a demonstrative or the definite
article might be summed up by saying that it does not carry the str8ng
ending if preceded by another word which has it This statement includes
what happens when it comes after the other class of determinatives, i e
after em, kem> and the possessives rnein, sein, etc The nominative singular
masculine^ as well as both the nominative and accusative singular neuter
forms of these words lack the strong endings of the other case-forms,
and the adjective which follows the indefinite article or possessive takes
the strong endings of the masculine singular nominative and of both