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Full text of "The Loom Of Language"

300

The Loom of Language

dwfen-durjte, a sixth form from a root which does not correspond to
that of any English auxiliary:

MUSSEN
necessity (must, have to)

ich muss nun packen
I have to pack now

er mussle Amenka verlassen
he had to leave America

es muss interessant gewesen sein
it must have been very in-
teresting

KONNEN

(i) capability (can., be able)

konnen Sie tanzen*
can you dance?

wir konnten mcht kommen
we were unable to come

(u) possibility (may)

er kann schon   am Mittwoch
eintreffen

he   may arrive  (already)  on
Wednesday

(ui) idiomatic, e g

er kann Spanisch
he knows Spanish

ich kann nichts dafur
I can't help it

MO GEN

(i) possibility (may)

Sie mogen recht haben
you may be right

(u) preference (like to)

ich mag heute nicht ausgehen
I don't like to go out to-day

mogen Sie ikn?
do you like

MOGENó(contd)
ich mochte   Sie gern besuchen
I should like to look you up
ich mochte heber hier bleiben
I would rather stay here
WOLLEN
(i) intention (will)
ich will und werde ihn zwingen
I will and shall force him
(u) volition (wants to, wish to)
er will dich sprechen
he wants to talk to you
(111) idiomatic
ich zvollte eben gehen als
I was just leaving when
sie will uns gesehen haben
she pretends having seen us
er will nach Holland
he wants to go to Holland
SOLLEN
(i) obligation (shall, be to, ought
to)
du sollst mcht stehlen
thou shalt not steal
sag ihni) er soil gehen
tell him to go
Sie sollten ihm kein Geld leihen
you should not lend him any
money
Sie hatten fruher kommen sollen
you should have come earlier
(u) idiomatic
er soil ihr Gehebter sein
he is said to be her lover