322 The Loom of Lattguage well as the hutonc past So Latin scnpsi may be rendered m two ways: 7 have untten> and / wro*e. The pluperfect signified an action prior to some past point specified or implied in the statement, as in English he had already drunk his beej when we arrived. The future perfect indicated something anterior to some future action, as in he will have drunk his beer when we arrive. The following table gives the first person forms of the tenses of the active voice in two moods I SING INDICATIVE SUBJUNCTIVE Present Future Impel feet Perfect canto cantabo cantabain cantavi cantem cantarem cantaverim Pluperfect Future Perfect cantaveram cantavero cantavissem Some, but not all of the Latin tenses, each made up of sis distinct personal forms, were duplicated for passive use., like the two tenses of the Scandinavian verb (p. 120) There were only three tenses to express meaning in a passive sense, i e. to replace the active subject by its object As the Scandinavian passive is recognized by the suffix -$, the Latin passive is recognized by the suffix -r, e g timeo (I fear)—tomeor (I am feared) Classical Latin has no synthetic equivalent of the passive perfect,, pluperfect, or future perfect As in English, the passive form of the perfect was a roundabout expression, i e. turns deleta est (the tower has been destroyed). Thus the passive voice of the Latin verb at the stage when we first meet it was a crack in the imposing fiexional arma- ture of the Latin verb-system. Of mood little need be said Grammarians distinguish three Latin moods, the indicative mood or verb-form commonly used when making an ostensibly plain statement, the imperative mood or verb-form used in command or directions, and the subjunctive mood which is variously used in non-committal statements and in subordinate parts of a sentence It is sufficient to say that theie is no clear-cut difference between the meaning of the indicative and the subjunctive mood. In modern Romance languages the distinction is of little practical impor- tance for conversation or informal writing In Latin as m English there were many mansions in the verbal house.