The Latin Legacy 339 which it also contributed formed the basis of a fiesh flesional tense- form (pp 105 and 106) This new analytical future makes its appear- ance in the first century A D Its predecessor had two entirely different forms Qfdico (I say) the future was dtccan (I shall say)5 and oflavo (I wash) it was lavabo (I shall wash) In the second century A D the classical future had lost caste, and people resorted to affective cir- cumlocutions such as wlo la&are (I will wash), debetu lavare (you THE FUTURE TENSE OF A ROMANCE VERB ENGLISH FRENCH love (infin ) aimer I have I shall j'ai j'aimerai thou hast thou wilt tu as tu aimeras he has he will Iryrrp, il a il aimera we ^ we shall ^lUVC nous avons nous numerous you Xhave you will vous avez vous aunerez they J they will ils ont ils aimeront SPANISH ITALIAN amar amare yo he yo amare 10 ho 10 amer6 tu has tti amards tu hai tu amerai el ha el amara egli ha egh amera nosotros hemos nosotros amaremos noi abbiamo noi ameremo vosotros habeas vosotros amareis voi avete voi amerete ellos han ellos ajnar<in essi hanno essi ameranno shall wash)., vado (or eo) lavaie (I am going to wash), or lavare hdbeo (I have to wash) Of these helpers., habere prevailed in all of the written Romance languages except in Rumania, where we hear to-day voiu cdnta Elsewhere hdbere, which usually followed the infinitive, got glued to it, as explained on p. 106. In our outline of Classical Latin nothing has been said about nega- tion To give a statement a negative meaning, ne was used in archaic Latin, but it could also kbel a question* as such. In Classical Latin, it is replaced by the stronger nony a contraction of ne and unum (lit not one). In daily speech, Latin-speaking peoples used to strengthen the particle by adding another word for something small or valueless They said / can't see a speck (Latin punctum)> we haverft had a crumb (Latin micam)> I worft dnnk a drop (Latin guttani). In the modern Romance languages the negative particle is still the Latin non (Italian non> Spanish * Cf You have noi undeistood this?