(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "The Loom Of Language"

Modern Descendants of Latin

373

voir (to see) and the locative particles ci (= ici) and la So voici (Old
French vm a) once meant see here, and voila (Old French vat Id) see
there Both occur in modern French^ but conversational language tends
towards using voila without discriminating between here and there. The
following examples show how these gesture substitutes are used void
man cheque (here is my check1)* la voila (here or there she is1)* le voila
parti (off he goes or went^y voila deux ans que (it is now two years that)
The Italian equivalent is ecco (Latin eccum), as in eccolo (here he is!),
ecco unfiammifeto (here is a matchr)

ROMANCE   POINTER   WORDS   AND   RELATIVE   PRONOUNS

(see p 371)


	FRENCH
	SPANISH
	ITALIAN

(a) Demonstratives
	
	
	


	CELUI-CI (CECl)
	
	


	CELLE-CI (/)
	
	

this
	ce(t)        en
	
	


	cette         ci i>
	^"   J "      *
	*                            V,"-^* "^ J


	ces           ci j
	-^5)
	-H)


	CELUI-LA (CA)
	5(-^-O53
	


	CFLLE-LA (/)
	-^5)
	

that
	ce(t)        la^ cette         la ?
	AQUEL (-LA,
	QUELLO M, -/,


	__.,,                             1         I
	-LOS, -LAS)
	S)


	ces            la J
	
	

which
	quel (-le, -s, -les)
	cual (-es)
	quello (-flj -^ -^)

(&) Link pronouns  never omitted
			
THAT
	QUE
		CHE

WHAT
	CE QUE
	
	Cl6 CHE

WHOj WHICH (that)
	QUI
	
	1

(as subject)
	
	    QUE
	j

WHOM3 WHICH (that)
	QUE
	
	S              CHE

(as object)
	
	
	I

WHOM
	QUI
	1
	J

(after a preposition)*
	
	i
	

WHICH
 (after a preposition)
	LEQUEL
 (LAQUELLE,
	?     QUIEN (-E51)
	f IL Or LA QUALE \IOfLE QUALI


	LESQUELS3
	
	


	LESQUELLES)
	J
	

WHOSE, OF WHICH
	DONT
	DE QUIEN f-255)
	rLorLA\


	[DE QUI (pei sons')
	(CUYO3-A3 -OS3
	I or LE j CUI


	DUQUEL3 etc 3
	-AS)
	


	P 376 (tfongsyi