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Pioneers of Language Planning          467
selves are less distorted The system of derivative affixes has been
pruned of some glaring absurdities, but inflated by a fresh battery
based on quasi-logical preoccupations In place of the six prefixes and
twenty-two suffixes of Esperanto,, Ido has sixteen prefixes and forty
There have been other bitter feuds between orthodox Esperannsts
and reformist groups After Ido came Esperanttdo by Rene de Saussur e
The three following equivalent sentences illustrate the family likeness
of Esperanto, Ido, and Esperanttdo.
Por homo veie civihzita, filosofo au junsto, la kono de la latina Imgvo
estas dezirebla, sed mtemacia hnguo estas utila por moderna inter-
komurukado de lando aJ aha
Por homo vere civilizita, filozofo od yuristo, la konoco di Latina esas
dezinnda, ma linguo internaciona esas utila por la komumcado moderna
de un lando al altra
Por homo vere civihzita, filozofo or yunsto, la kono de la latina hnguo
estas dezirebla, sed internaoa linguo estas utila por moderna inter-
komumcado dey un lando al aha
No rival successfully arrested the spread of Esperanto, though
several of its competitors were immeasurably superior Every new
project made for more internationahty of the basic word material
Coming from different directions pioneers of language-planning were
converging to a single focus Some searched the living European repre-
sentatives of the Aryan family for terms common to the greatest number
of them, and inevitably arrived at a vocabulary essentially Latin in its
character Others took the outcome for granted, and went straight to
the neo-Latin languages for bricks and straw A third group extracted
from Classical Latin what remains ahve, i,e its vocabulary, and dis-
carded what is dead, i e its grammar The most interesting, and till
now the most enlightened, attempt to modernize Latin is Latino sine
Flexione (Interlmgud)^ devised by the Italian mathematician, Giuseppe
Peano In 1908 Peano became Director of the Academia pro Interlmgua,
formerly the Akademi de Lmgu Universal, and at a still earlier stage
in its career, the Kadem be&unetik Volapuka, founded by the second