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666

The Loom oj Language

Phoemaan, 193, 421, 423

Phoenician letters, 72

phonetic patterns, 213-15

phonetic symbols, 83, 84

phonetic writing, 48

phonetics, 28

phonograms, 6is 65

pictograms, 36, 56-7

picture writing, 48., 52, 56 fl

Pidgin English, 441-2

Pitman, Sir Isaac, 87

place, directives of, 142

Plattdeutsch, 284

pluperfect, 322, 338

plurals, Romance, 350-2

pointer-words, see demonstratives

pointer-words,  indefinite,   Romance,

377

pointer-words, indefinite, Teutonic,
283

Polabian, 413

Polish, 193. 194, 413

Portuguese, 194,242 ff, 309 ft, 343-6*
349 ff , *ee also Romance

Portuguese, spelling and pronuncia-
tion., 345

possessive, 115, see also genitive

possessive genitive, 316

possessive pronouns, Romance, 368-

369

possessives, reflexive, Scandinavian,
282

possessives, Teutonic, 127

predicative adjectives, 156

prefixes, 53, see also affixes

prefixes, classificatory, 209-11

prefixes, Greek, 252

prefixes, verbal, German, 306-7

prepositions, 199, 412

prepositions, after infinitive, 394

prepositions, agglutination with
articles, 119, 360-1

prepositions, Celtic, fusion with pro-
nouns, 418-19

prepositions, German, and case-forms,
262

prepositions, Latin, 318

prepositions, Romance, 137

prepositions, Teutonic, 136

primitive speech, 204

principal clause, 162

prolixity, German, 305

pronoun objects, position, Romance,
366

pronouns, 34, see also personal pro-
nouns

pronouns, as link-words, 61
pronouns, empnatic, 147
pronouns, French, 199
pronouns, fused, Romance, 365-6
pronouns, impersonal, Romance, 371 ff
pronouns, indefinite, Romance, 378
pronouns, peisonal, 96-9, 109, 146-7,

166-8
pronouns, personal, changes in use,

168

pronouns, personal, Icelandic, 167
pronouns, personal, Latin, 320-1
pronouns, personal, Old English, 167
pronouns, personal, Persian, 410
pionouns, personal,  Romance,  331,

332-3. 3^2-8

pronouns, personal, Teutonic, 126   
pronouns, reflexive, 147-8, 333, 371
pronouns, relative, 144, 371
pronouns, stressed, 363-4
pronunaatlon changes, and spelling,

80-1

pronunciation, French, 254-9, 357
pronunciation, Italian, 254-5
pi enunciation, Latin, 254
pronunciation, Portuguese, 345
pronunaatlon, Spanish, 254-5
proto-Aryan, 190-2
Provencal, 343, 346
Punic, 423
punctuation, 50

questions,   158-9,   see   also   interro-

gatives

questions, indirect, in German, 307
questions, negative, 160

Rask, R K , 188
reading, skill needed for, 27
reflexive, 120
reflexive construction, German, 306
reflexne pronouns, 147-8, 333
reflexive pronouns, Romance, 371
related   languages,   correspondences,
38-9
related languages, learning, 20-21
relative pronouns, 144
relative pronouns, Romance, 371
reported speech, German, 307
request, infinitive of, 398