(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "The Martyrdom of Khmers Muslims"

KHMER REPUBLIC 





to 









■If ', VI* 



sr. - i 


. <v 


;. -? if ' x 


- 


■■■> ' 


V 


' 


1 


• 




s2X2T<fe 




General Hadji KOSEM LBS (right) presents Marshal 
LON NOL New-Year best wishes of the Khmer Isfanric 
Community of the Khmer Republic. 



Ivl 



<M/i/viC h^%QC\ 



n 



^\JUf 



Mac 



THE 

mnRTVRDom 





musums 



EDITED BY 

THE DIRECTORATE OF 

ISLAMIC AFFAIRS THE CENTRAL 

ISLAMIC ASSOCIATION 

OF THE KHMER REPUBLIC 

THE ASSOCIATION OF ISLAMIC YOUTH 

Address: 31 1 Boulevard Pracheathippatei 

Phnom Penh, Khmer Republic 

Tel. 2-2820 






THE APPEAL OF THE KHMER REPUBLIC'S 
|^c MUSUM COMMUNITY 



1) WE REQUEST THAT ISLAMIC DELEGA- 
TIONS BE SENT TO THE KHMER REPUBLIC 
TO SEE FOR THEMSELVES THE INFERNO 
CREATED BY THE INDOCHINESE COMMUNISTS, 
AND TO HEAR THE TESTIMONY OF ITS 
VICTIMS. 

2) WE LAUNCH AN APPEAL TO THE MUS- 
LIMS OF THE WORLD, TO THE ISLAMIC 
STATES AND TO THE ISLAMIC ORGANIZA- 
TIONS OF THE WORLD TO COMPEL THE 
INDOCHINESE COMMUNISTS TO END THEIR 
WAR OF AGGRESSION. 

3) WE DENOUNCE BEFORE INTERNATIONAL 
OPINION THE CRIME OF GENOCIDE COMMIT- 
TED BY THE INDOCHINESE COMMUNISTS 
AGAINST THE KHMER MUSLIMS. 



CHAPTER I 






THE MARTYRDOM OF THE KHMER MUSLIMS 

IN THE ZONES TEMPORARILY OCCUPIED 

BY THE INDOCHINESE COMMUNISTS 



After the general offensive of April 1970 through 
out Khmer territory, the Vietnamese communists and 
Red Khmers tried to win over to their cause those 
Khmer Muslims that had fallen into their hands. They 
were wasting their time. Our Khmer Muslims have 
never forgotten that the ancestors of the present day 
Vietnamese unlawfully occupied their country. CHAM- 
PA, which once existed in what is now central Viet- 
nam. Hence their wave of systematic terrorism, which 
amounts to genocide, pure and simple. 



THE DESTRUCTION AND PROFANATION 
OF MOSQUES 

The mosques present an excellent target for the 
Indochinese communists. They have destroyed some 
mosques that took a lifetime to build, reducing their 
minarets and foundations to ashes. The faithful and 
tourists who visit the heights of Kompong-Luong 
and Khleang-Sbek in Kandal province, for example, 
will find not mosques but piles of burnt brick. 

Other mosques have been profaned: Indochinese 
communist soldiers frequently use the mosques for 
their sexual frolics. They also lead swine into the 
mosques to urinate on the floors. This is how they 
have defiled the two holy places of BAREN (Kandal 
Province) and SRE VEAL (Kompong-Cham Province). 



MOSQUE DESTROYED 
BY THE INDO CHINESE COMMUNISTS 




Mosque at Kompong-Luong Lceu 




Mosque at Kdei Sambour Meas Lceu 




Mosque Samhour Maas-Krom 




Mosque Ek Raingsei Kompong-Luong 








Mosque THOM at Khleang Sbek 



10 



THE FOLLOWING MOSQUES HAVE BEEN 
DESTROYED 



Kandal Province 

— The Mosque at Kompong-Luong Loeu 

— The Mosque at Kompong-Luong Krom 

— The .Mosque at Khleang-Sbek Loeu 

— The Mosque at Khieang-Sbek Krom 

— The Mosque at Anlong-San 

Kompong-Cham Province 

— The Mosque at Koh-Rokar 

— The Mosque at Rokar-Cham 

— The Mosque at Koh Prak 

— The Mosque at Kokor 

— The Mosque at Koh Satin 

— The Mosque at Chiro 

— The Mosque at Sach So 

— The Mosque at Antong Sar 

— The Mosque at Angkor Ban 

Kompong-Tralach Province 

— The Mosque at Kompong-Tralach 

— The Mosque at Saia Lek-Pram 

— The Mosque at O-Russey 

— The Mosque at Long-Vek 

— The Mosque at Prey-Pis 

— The Mosque at O-Khcheay 

Kampot Province 

— The Mosque atTuk-Sap 

— The Mosque at Prey- Nop 

— The Mosque at Kompong-Trek 

Takeo province 

— The Mosque at Takeo 



11 



WHAT GOOD ARE MUSLIM PROTESTS? 
THEY ARE ONLY BRINGING ON MORE 
REPRESSION AND EXTERMINATION 



THE EXPULSION OF MUSLIMS 

The Muslim community under the control of the 
Indochinese communists has been separated far from 
its household gpds. \n most cases, entire villages are 
burnt down. What miseries the Muslims are forced to 
endure on thetr march towards their deaths! Empty 
stomachs; worn babouches; sampots (ihram) in tatters 
and sarongs (foutah) in shreds. Those that fall down 
by the wayside are too weak to rise: MAY ALLAH 
BE MERCIFUL TO THEM! (Testimony of the sur- 
vivors). 












*» 



m%$ 



w 






i m i.atj* 




. . .. 



A Muslim killed by the Indochinese Communists 



Muslim refugees 



13 





Refugees newly arrived and settled temporarily at their brother 



Another Muslim killed by the Indochinese communists 




When they arrive at the concentration camps— that 
is the only term that can adequately describe such 
places— the prisoners are classified according to age. 
The older ones, adjudged incapable of survival, are 
taken to the "AN GKAR-LOEU " (MAJLIS AL ALA. 
the superior authorities): none has ever returned in the 
flesh. 

The healthy ones, men and women, are regimented 
with those of other religions. Their children are taken 
to North Vietnam for indoctrination. 

Some of the young women are forced to submit 
to the amorous attentions of their bosses. Others are 
raped Outright. 

WHAT ABOUT RELIGIOUS PRACTICE? 
THE DAILY PRAYERS ARE FORBIDDEN, AND 
THOSE CAUGHT IN THE ACT ARE SUBJECTED TO 
SESSIONS OF SELF-CRITICISM 

THE DESTINY OF THE CHAMS 
AND ISLAM IN INDOCHINA 

CHAMPA was annexed by the conquering Viet- 
namese. The Cham's that remained became Muslims 
in a massive, historic conversion. The present-day 
Chams are in physical danger of extinction. The Viet- 
cong policy is to exterminate as many of them as 
possible and to "Vietnamise" the few who remain. 
The Vietcong's plan has three stages: genocide, 
de-lslamisation and intensive conversion to com- 
munism. 

This program was put into effect as early as 
Geneva 1954. It began when the Central Committee 
of the Indochinese Communist Party (CCICP). using 
their families as hostages, incorporated two or three 
Muslim personalities. It was thus that Tuan Hadji 
MOHAMMED SALES and Mr. OSMAN found them- 
selves, against their wishes, as members of the Central 
Committee. 



15 



One of them, by means of a hunger strike and 
political trickery, managed to get permission to make 
a pilgrimage to Mecca. This was Tuan Hadji MOHAM- 
MED SALES/ who thus achieved true peace in the 
City of the Prophet (in Saudi Arabia). 

Alas! His whole family, however, found itself in 
the clutches of the political commisars. THE PRAC- 
TICE OF SILENCE IN THEIR MIDST IS AN ABSOLUTE 
MUST. 

The other, Mr. OSMAN, refused dfespite the peril 
of death to learn even the rudiments of Marxism. 
The Indochinese communists could do nothing with 
him, even though he was only thirty years old, an 
age at which most people can still adapt to new 
ideologies. All their efforts having failed, the Indo- 
Chinese communists finally placed him in the Cam- 
bodian maquis in 1970. His was an odyssey of the 
conscience, and Mr. OSMAN is still a strong, potent 
man to this day, despite his seventy years. 

WE BESEECH THE I iff ISTIRHAM " OF ALL 
MUSLIMS FOR THE SOULS OF THESE VICTIMS 
OF INDOCHINESE COMMUNISM: 

At Kratie 

1 —Abdul Moutalab bin Abdullah 56 years old, Hakem 

2 — Mohammed Said bin Yaccob 68 years old, Hakem 

3 — Sales bin Abdullah 49 years old, Hakem 

4 — Ibrahim bin Kassim 50 years old, Hakem 

5 — Abou Baker bin Kassim 49 years old, Hakem 

6 — Osman bin Hadji Hamid 50 years old, Hakem 

At Kompong-Cham 

1 —Hadji Abdul Rahman 

bin Abdullah 56 years old, Hakem 

2 — Ahmed bin Sun 46 years old, Hakem 
j 3 — Abdul Aziz bin Yousos 38 years old, Imam 

4 — Osman bin Mohammed 35 years old, Hakem 

5 — Gaul Phin bin Abdullah 60 years old. Imam 



16 



6 — Abdul Raset bin Krim 

7 — Ishak bin Adam 

8 — Ishak bin Abdul Rahman 

9 — Abou Baker bin Abdullah 

10 — Idris bin Abdul Jamal 

1 1 — Imam Suleiman dit Man 

12 — Yakob bin Abdullah 

13 — Aziz bin Abu Bakar 

14 — Yousof bin Abdullah: 

15 — Yousof bin Ahmed 

16 — Osman bin Yousos 

17 — Hadji Yousos 

18 — Hadji Abdoul Kadir bin 

19 — Hadji Abd. Majid 

At Kampot 

1 — IDRESS Bin Abdullah 
At Takeo 

1 — Imam HASSAN 



50 years old, 
61 years old, 
32 years old, 
56 years old, 
54 years old, 
60 years old, 
43 years old, 
40 years old, 
42 yaars old, 
60 years old, 
54 years old, 
60 years old, 



Imam 

Hakem 

Imam 

Hakem 

Imam 

Imam 

Imam 

Imam 

Iman 

Imam 

Imam 

Hakem 



47 years old, Hakem 



50 years old, Hakem 



53 years old, Hakem 




Muslim refugees* camps 



17 




One of the Muslim refugees camps 



18 





One of the Muslim refugees camps. 





19 




A shelter of Muslim refugees 




Young Muslim refugees 



20 




Muslim refugees" shelters 





Muslim refugee's shelter 




f 



<v 




>M- 




n.;'.:^/™ 



,.« t V,J 



4 



*:<VV. 



~.\" 




>&? 









; "f %& m8T#*i 




Inauguration of a Koranic school for the refugees' children at Chraing 
Chamres. 




Koranic school for the children of refugees at Chraing Chamres. 



23 




. Jl 







%. v.: 

'iteytiiPtiBiii'r '■ 

s|||| - * ■ * ; 












." ' ■ - .. 






Muslim refugees 





Demonstations of the Muslims against the Indochinese communist 
aggressors. 






'-' "■" » - .- ! 



' jBriiSf ' am^ft 






- 



mm^ 






f^w n 



Demonstrations of the Muslims in Phnom Penh 







25 







The religious Representatives pray the " ISTIRHAM " for alt Muslim, 
victims of exactions by the tndochinese Communists 



Mr. Hadji SALES YAHYA reads the Resolution condemning the exactions 
by the Indochinese communists. 




26 



Other testimony 

One remembers barbarian acts committed by the 
Indochinese communists against the innocent people 
and the Buddhist religion in the Khmer Republic. The 
communists pillage, burn and destroy everything in 
their path. To them, religions are insurmountable 
obstacles. 

Buddhism was the first to be eradicated in the 
zones under their control. Afterwards, they set out 
to eliminate the Islamic faith.. 

An editorial in the SAIGON POST of May 19. 
1 974, speaks of the Indochinese Gommunists' activi- 
ties against the Muslims in the Khmer Republic, 
Here is the text of that editorial. 

THE SAIGON POST 

May 19. 1974 

"THE SUPPRESSION OF THE CHAMS BY THE 

COMMUNISTS" 

"The insurgents have transferred several batta- 
lions based in the 'liberated zones' to the country- 
side around Phnom- Penh and the Kompong-Cham 
area so they could launch their present military 
offensive. This movement of communist troops enabled 
some deserters, who were fed up with their com- 
munist mentors, to get back to the regions under 
government control ... 

"Among them were some Chams who, along 
with the * Buddhists, have suffered much repression 
from the insurgents. The Ghams. a Muslim minority, 
are found In great numbers in Kompong-Cham pro- 
vince; along the Khmero-Vietnamese frontier. During 
the 10th century, the Chams adopted the Islamic 
faith, which is the religion of the Arab merchants. 
At its height in the 1£th century, the Kingdom 



27 



of Champa extended throughout almost all of South- 
east Asia. A series of wars with the Vietnamese, 
who were numerically superior, resulted in the fall 
of the Kingdom of Champa. 

"Endowed with an innate courage, the Chams 
have achieved an important place in the military 
training of the insurgents. In the 1 rst days of the 
Khmer rebellion, the most influential Cham personages 
were warmly received within the administration and 
the military structure of the insurgents, who promised 
them favors in exchange for their support of their 
cause. 

.".When the insurgents undertook a campaign to 
'discredit' Buddhism, the Chams were left alone 
on the sidelines and were not especially singled out 
for similar action. The Khmer communists did not 
accord any importance to the protestations of religious 
teaders against their destruction of historical and 
religious monuments. 

"Nevertheless/ in the beginning of this year and 
the end of 1973, the Khmer insurgents began a 
concerted effort to efface the Muslim religion in the 
regions under their control. 

"An important Cham personage has revealed 
that a communist cadre has advised the Chams to 
abandon their religion because the communists hold 
the Arabs in contempt. The Arabs, according to the 
communists, were defeated in their recent war with 
Israel because they spent all their time praying. 

"Accoding to this same Cham, the campaign 
of suppression of the Cham and Muslim religion is 
being intensified by the unreasonable communist 
uricbr their Prime Minister Khieu Samphan who com- 
pletely controls the movement of the Khmer rebellion. 

"The Chams in Cambodia, for the most part. 



28 



are identified with non-communists sympathetic with 
Prince Sihanouk, whose influence is declining within 
the country (with FUNK), as well as abroad (with 
GRUNK, the political arm of FUNK). Last year, Si- 
hanouk confided to a foreign journalist: 'Since I won't 
be of any further use to the Khmer communists, 
they want to spit me out like a pip.' After Khieu 
Samphan was received in Hanoi and Peking as a 
chief of state earlier this year, Sihanouk had to admit 
sadly the growing prestige of Khieu Samphan as 
leader of the Khmer rebellion. 

"This confession of Sihanouk has dissuaded his 
friends in the Arab world from continuing to support 
the candidacy of his government for the U.N. 

" We await with impatience the reactions of the 
Arab delegations to the United Nations to the in- 
surgents' ruthless program of suppression of the 
Chams and the Islamic religion. Some Cambodian 
Chams have left their country for South Vietnam, 
where they have rejoined their 240.000 compatriots. 

" Given that the Chams in Cambodia revolt openly 
against the insurgents and their VC/NVN allies, it 
would be unreasonable for the Arab countries to 
continue to ignore the persecution which the Chams 
and the Islamic religion suffers 



29 



CHAPTER II 



THE ORIGIN OF THE MUSLIMS 
IN THE KHMER REPUBLIC 



The Khmer Muslims are descendants of a great 
empire. Champa, which had flourished along the 
eastern part of Indochina since the 1st century A.D. 
It was annexed — arbitrarily — by France to French 
Cochin-China in 1883. 



THE TWO LAST PROVINCES OF 
CHAMPA (CAMPA) 

CEDED BY FRANCE TO FRENCH COCHIN- 
CHINA IN 1883 

"The arid littoral and mysterious forests of un- 
fathomed depths of this vast province contribute 
to the general wealth of the region in the form of 
rice from fertile oases, fish, salt, brine, limestone, 
ivory, animal horns and hides, and timber. 

" This province, I say, is too well delimited from 
French Cochin-China to dream of a pure and simple 
annexation. No one suggests it for the simple process 
of pushing back its boundaries would only increase 
the problems of this colony, which today already 
is well organized geographically 

"But, inasmuch as annexation is undesirable, 
it is equally necessary to bring Binh Tuan under 
surveillance and direct protectorate, as one can say 
of the French colony. 

"These two provinces which formed TCHAMPA 
in the' last centuries have been almost isoiated by 
their neighbors to the north and south... 



33 



INDIA 



ISLAMIZATION 

SOUTHEAST ASIA 
FROM THE YEARS 1,000 TO 1,036 A. D. 




ISLAMIZATION 



34 



"Ceded in 1883 to French Cochin-China, 
one does not know exactly why the vast province 
was retroceded without a deep inquiry as to its 
normal and natural conditions. Our hesitations victi- 
mized only the TCHAMS...." 

— Etienne AYMONIER, 

" Excursion and Reconnaissance/" 

Volum X 

Qui Nhon, June, 1883 



The CHAMS issue from the Khmer- M on- Malayo- 
Polynesian ethnic grouping. They had their own state 
since the earliest antiquity, replete with kings, go- 
vernments, a religion, and spoken and written lan- 
guage. The monuments of Mi Son and Panduranga 
(in present-day Central Vietnam) attest to the high 
development of Cham civilization. Subsequent com- 
mercial and diplomatic relations bound them to neigh- 
boring countries such as Ch-enla, Founan, Kambuja, 
Indonesia, Malaya, India and China... 

RELIGION 

Like the whole of the Khmer-Mon-malayo-Poly- 
nesian group, CHAMPA was "Indianized" in the first 
centuries of the Christian era and practised the 
Buddhist or Brahmin religions until the 10th century. 
Then, owing to the commercial Arab influence of 
BAHSRA, of SIRAF and of OMAN, and to the arrival 
of the Arab colony (among its members were the 
RAHDAR AHMED ABU KAMIL, the NAQIB AMR 
and the BAY TURC ALI, etc.), CHAMPA converted 
to Islam between the years 1,000 and 1,036 A.D. 
(Cf. G. Maspero, Aymonier). 

From CHAMPA, Islam spread to Malaya, Indo- 
nesia, the Philippines, Thailand and Cambodia. 



35 



Since the 16th century, which saw the fall of 
VIJAYA, the Annamite invaders undertook, even unto 
the present day, the systematic genocide of the sur- 
vivors. One part resisted and was reduced to an ethnic 
minority. Another part took refuge in Cambodia, and 
the last established itself in Thailand and Malaysia. 
Cf. Maspero, Stein, Moura.) 

Received as brothers by the Khmers, the CHAMS 
or Khmer Muslims preserve their costumes and fslamic 
religion to this very day. 

They represent more than 1 percent of the Khmer 
population of the capital of Phnom-Penh and the 
provinces of KandaL Kampot, Kompong-Cham, Pursat 
Battambang and Kompong-Chhnang. Other small 
Cham villages are found throughout the rest of the 
Khmer territory. 

RELIGIOUS ORGANIZATION 

The Islamic community is led by the Supreme 
Chief of the Islamic religion of the Khmer Republic. 
Oknha Hadji RES LAS, seconded by two adjutants 
and counselled by General Hadji LES KOSEM 




Okhna Hadji ABDOULLAH BIN IDRES 
also known as RES LAS 



35 






Hadji SULEIMAN SHUKRS 

1st Adjutant of the Supreme 

Religious Chief 



Hadji MATH SALES SLAIMAN 

2nd Adjutant to the 

Supreme Religious Chief 



Hadji YASYA AS MATH, 

Counsellor to the Supreme 

Religious Chief 




His Excellency, Mirshal Lon Not, President of the Republic, receives the 
Representatives of Khmer Muslims. 



37 



38 




His Excellency, Marshal Lon Nol, President of the Republic receives the 
Muslim Dignitaries. At his left is General Hadji Kosem Les. 



A Directorate of Islamic Affairs concerns itself 
with all questions relative to the Religion. It is reco- 
gnized by the Khmer State. 

One hundred and thirty two mosques with Hakem 
are situated in all of the large Khmer Muslim villages. 

Annual religious meetings are held with Hakem, 
Imam and Notables, under the presidency of the 
Supreme Chief to consider all communal questions. 




A big mosque, situated right in the middle of the Phnom Penh city, was 
under contrtuction since 1968. Due to short of funds, the construction 
rests unifnished. 



39 




/SHAN Mosque 




SULTAN Masque 



40 




Mosque at Chraing-Chamres Lceu, 



2* 




AL A'LA Mosque 



41 




SHARIFF Mosque 



AZHAR Mosque 



* 




42 



The Republican regime has endorsed the use 
of Arabic as the language of religious instructions; 
the faithful of the Prophet henceforth will be able to 
savor the Sacred Words in their original. 

For want of capable masters, it has been im- 
possible to open Koranic schools at every existing 
mosque. The only centres of studies, for the moment 
are found in the following locales: 



At Phnom-Penh 

— Chraing-Chamres Loeu 

— Chraing- Chamres Krom 

— Chrui Changwar Krao 

— Chrui Changwar Khnung 

— Kbal Chrui Changwar 



At Kandal 

— Prek Pra 

At Battambang 

— Norea 

At Kompong-Som 

— Kompong-Som Krung 

At Kampot 

— Kompong-Kandal 

— Kbal Romeas 

— Mak Prang 



43 




Koranic school at Prek Pra. 





Koranic school of RtDVAN, taught by Hadji Srang Vousof, former student 
of «AL AZHAR)) University. 




45 





Koranic school at Chui-Changwar Knong 




46 







Koranic school at Chrui-Changwar Krao, 





Koranic school at Chraing Chamres-Lceu. 




Koranic school at Kbai Chrui Changwar 



48 



Two associations have been formed since the 
events of March 1970: 

A— THE CENTRAL ISLAMIC ASSOCIATION 
OF THE KHMER REPUBLIC with the 
following program: 

a — jo maintain among its members the strict 
observance and practice of Islamic education; 

b— To assure unity, solidarity and fraternity 
among Muslims; 

c — To propagate the doctrine of Islam; 

d — To organize and pursue social, educational 
and cultural activities and other humanitarian ser- 
vices; 

e — To work towards peace and harmony among 
men and the welfare of all beings, and to collaborate 
with other organizations with similar goals; 

f— To organize pilgrimages and offer help to 
those wishing to complete their religous instructions 
in the Islamic countries. 




M, Hadji Mohammath Aly Haroun 

President of the Central Islamic Association 

of the Khmer Republic 

(1974) 



49 



GENERAL ASSEMBLY 

OF THE MEMBERS OF THE ISLAMIC ASSOCIATION 

OF THE KHMER REPUBLIC HELD IN THE COURT- YARD 

OF THE BIG MOSQUE IN THE PHNOM PENH AND PRESIDED 

BY GENERAL HADJI KOSEM LES 




50 



B— THE ASSOCIATION OF KHMER ISLA^ 
MIC YOUTH, which seeks: 

a _ jo unite all youth, without distinction by 
color or social status; 

b— To ensure unity, fraternity and solidarity 
among youth; 

c _ jo bring spiritual and physical help to needy 

youth; 

d_ To help members complete their instruction 
and to raise their professional levels; 

e _ To guide the young in the study and strict 
practice of Islamic education; 

f_ To arouse and develop among youth a na- 
tional desire for progress, prosperity and the well- 
being of the Khmer Republic; 

g _ To establish relations and to cooperate with 
other national and international organizations pur- 
suing the same ideals. 




Mr. Abdul Rached Bin Idres dit Man Seth, President of the Association 
of Khmer Islamic youth in 1974. He is student at the Faculty of Law 
and Economy. 



51 



I 












His Exceilancy, Prime Minister Long Boret receives the members of the 
Centrai Committee of the Association of Khmer Islamic youth. 



52 



GENERAL ASSEMBLY 
OF THE MEMBERS OF THE ASSOCIATION OF KHMER 

ISLAMIC YOUTH 




53 



FOREIGN AFFAIRS 





M. Peang Abdoul Gaffar 

(Ph. D, Pol. Science) 
Khmer Ambassy in Washington 




Professor SOM SAMOUT dit ABDOULLAH 

Permanent Mission of the Khmer Republic in Geneva 



Professor MATH PEAS dit ABBAS 

Ministry of Foreign Affairs 





Professor TOL LAH dit ABDOULLAH 

Ministry of Foreign Affairs 



Professor SOP MATH TIN Did Moheidine 
Ministry of Foreign Affairs 



54 






THE PARTICIPATION OF KHMER MUSLIMS IN 
THE STRUGGLE AGAINST FOREIGN AGGRESSION 

Volunteers have been authorized to form a Mus- 
lim Brigade (the 5th Infantry Brigade) and regional 
battalions. That makes their religious practice easier. 



I W : 



- ' I 



>\n 



w$ 



if, «* 

/ i-A - 



Muslim volunteers 



The paras-commandos. 



v« 



''^ 



INSIGNIA OF THE MUSLIM 
5TH INFANTERY BRIGADE 




56 



FUNERAL OF LIEUTENANT COLONEL 

OSMAN BIN ABDULRAOF DIT ROS SMAN, 

DIED IN FIELD OF HONOR 

AT PREAH PRASAP, KANDAL IN 1971. 




57 




Friday prayer at the Big Mosque (construction unfinished) in Phnom Penh 
The thrid from the right is General Hadji Kosem Les. 



Friday prayer (Muslim combatants). 



58 






Friday prayer : Muslim Cambatants 



59 




Friday prayer (Muslim combatants). 







60 



"4k/t&*".. 



4ffV 



Friday prayer (Muslim combatants). 




Friday prayer at Kompong-Speu vi/fe (Muslim combatants). 



61 



THE ACCESS OF KHMER MUSLIMS' TO PUBLIC 
EMPLOYMENT 

The first legislature (republican) includes one 
senator and four deputies who are Khmer Muslims 





Hadji SALES YAH YA (senator) 




Professor OS SUUMANE (Deputy) 



Dootor YASYA ASHARY (Deputy) 





Doctor ABDULHAWD JAKARIYA (Oeputy) 



Engineer UCH SOS (Deputy) 



62 



_ 



Another Khmer Muslim has become Under Secre 
tary of State of Maritime Fisheries. 




mm 




Colonel Hadji Ell Prahim 

Under-Secretary of State 




63 



CHAPTER III 



THE PARTICIPATION OF THE KHMER REPUBLIC 
IN THE FIRST CONGRESS OF AAIO 



The Khmer Republic has participated in the First 
Congress of the Afro-Asian Islamic Organization in 
Bandung, Indonesia. Brigadier-General Les Kosem 
was chief of the Islamic delegation at the conference. 




^M$m 



^^te*M 






|U!i||lUf[*( 



First Congress of AAIO held in Bandung, Indonesia, 
from 6 to October 1 1, 1970. 



67 



« 



The Congress of Afro -Asian Islamic Organization 
(AAIO) held in Bandung. Indonesia, from 6 to October 
11, 1970 adopted a resolution condamning the 
vietcong and north Vietnamese aggressors. 



RESOLUTION ON CAMBODIAN MUSLIM'S 
RESTORATION OF RELIGIOUS FREEDOM 

Having noted that the former regime of Cam- 
bodia denied to the Cambodian people the freedom 
to exercise religious practices, rites and ceremonies 
of all worshippers, particularly Islam, and made dis- 
criminatory practices and took measures against the 
Cambodian Muslims; 

Having noted that the previous regime, in order to 
realize its objectives of eradicating the practice of all 
religions, had collaborated with the anti-religious 
invading groups, namely the Vietcong/North Viet- 
namese and Pathet Lao, and having noted that with 
the collaboration and connivence of the former regime 
with the Vietcong- North Vietnamese and Pathet Lao 
the Cambodian Muslims and their mosques were not 
protected but allowed and exposed to be destroyed 
and oppressed by the enemies of Islam. 

Having recognized that since the overthrow of 
the former regime and the resumption of power by the 
present Cambodian Government after 18 March 1970, 
the freedom of worship and religious practices of 
Cambodian people were restored and made good by 
the present Government, 



68 



Therefore resolved that the AAIO First Congress: 

1 . Expresses appreciation and gratitude to the present 
government of the Republic of Cambodia for the 
restoration of religious freedom and practices to the 
Cambodian people and Muslims in Cambodia; 

2. Expresses AAIO full support and appeals to all 
Muslims throughout the world, individually as well as 
communities, nations or governments, to give their 
wholehearted support and cooperation to the present 
government of the Republic of Cambodia for their 
endeavour to fight against the Vietcong/North Viet- 
namese and Pathet Lao and the AAIO hopes that the 
present government will continue to safeguard the 
freedom of worship, rights and privileges of the 
Cambodian Muslims; 

3. Urges the present government of the Republic of 
Cambodia to continue to help the Cambodian Mus- 
lims economically as well as socially. 




^ 




LEFT TO RIGHT: 

— Mr. SHAIKHU (Indonesia), President of the Congress of AAIO, Cambodia 

Ceylon, China. 



69 



w 



LEFT TO RIGHT: 

Cambodia (General Hadji KOSEM LES), Ceylon, China, Egypt,Wast Germany 

Singapore, Pakistan, India, etc... 



70 



LEFT TO RIGHT: 

— Mr. Peang Abdul Gaff our 

and General Hadji Kosem ids 

Leader Rabita At A lam At Islam 

— Chief of the Delegation 

of the United Kingdom 




FRONT FROM LEFT TO RIGHT: Egypt, Ceylon, Cambodia, Cyprus. 




" 




left to right: Indonesia, Singapore, Cambodia, Nigeria, Hong Kong, Japan. 



72 




Delegates of different countries participating in the Congress of the 
A fro- Asian is Jamie Organization (AAIO). General Hadji Kosem Les behind 
His Excei fancy President Suharto. 



73 



" 



© 

(A 



to 
H 

w 
to" 
to 

Q 



s 

to 

c» 

m g 

to 

o 

to 
u 
z 

w 

QfiS 

to 
to 

z 
o 

u 



74 







PRESS & INFORMATION OFFICE 
Embassy of the Khmer Republic 
4500 16th Street, N.W. 
Washington, D.C. 20011 






.^j; 



DECHO DAMD1N, PRINTING PRESS 
PHNOM PENH — KHMER REPUBLIC 

1974