(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "The Perspective of Symbolic Interactionism"



1 


"^ Repository 



























™^ iCAHOSiriMii irNiVFRsrrv 



*s >* u v v wmmmmsL ( 3 ) 



**j&m&tW&% (1*±) n\ 






tttrt^ 



fB ,} 



T.Shibutani, 1988, Herbert Blumer's Contribution to 
Twentieth-Century Sociology i ty 



V>fc>$>£, i/i]Zf ■ )V^>7,(D— M%MtfZ 



1"4 : 



;\ • 



A— h • •/)]/ — ~7 — (Bli 



timer, 



Herbert George, 1900-1987) CDv^'J 7 ^ffi 
Efffflira (Symbolic Interactionism) ff, TV - *— 

v>xi*&t'tz>mmm±mt£&*, g. 

x^tz +%&*>, tt&£, r±#wAKj (is 
wiiiaj av>u± rawj r«#§Mj 



^/ii*±^s^3t oar, [*mi tmz) i±, 
y ;i/ - v - <d v y # u v >? mmmmtm^ , 



*srat«t9ti-*to"c*-6 -r^^^* 



BIB 



£4k<7)UES£;fx#&0/W ", *--?Lfcit 

^ ra^fcj (socialization) (IfftO)) t 
i society) i: (± , MrT & 4 ^ * - X A £ il 

CT, ^</MIA (10* A) tcii), MS 



69 — 



%■ & * m 54 ^ 



3) *£, -H L^tt^W:^ 'W ?FM 

/5 ?; r±£Hb£ tt&^tT)^ * -XA fc (±ftHRJ£& & 
/itt^Mift^ "ff" ffM^op^K tot 

(self-interaction) ffi^t: fc «Oil tz Zf&Tf^Zff) 

W) <^j»W*«iklll$tLTv^ tfc-e-fUift 
P#J IBS, %hmz, Rf^J («&1)) IE 

Kifltf, re^*S#fcOffiS:^fflJ (interac- 
tion with oneself) ti>mt>fl, -^-tL^y^-V- 



mwt & & £> If, flfe# i: Wtt^WffiUfftB £fs 

A^ft^ft^b (internalize) £-£fc£<7)^\ 

Oflfctrli, 7>-V-H£V>-Cti, TS^J (in- 
dication) <h T^fXJ (interpretation) frh?£Z> 
TftflR^iifSJ (process of interpretation) <h |W| 

ft/5* Ttt^bJ (socialization) ^ B8 f" & fi!& £ 

(socialization) i:f±, flfe#fc Ott&MfflMffi 
£^[f#Ht& rS^ftHI^J (schemes of defi- 
nition) ^, gEfcofflMffl (gSJIMffl) 

**[Rl#ttS T-|£fb$tL^lt^(7)^tlJJ 
(generalized roles) t V^ ^oc7)^fX#i@.&£, 
IB Art*, iSfcHMBtr Rfe#fc*>4>*BB 
( (lift 2 ) ) } J (groups of others) j&» ^ 3i# L , 

tLTv>4o 7>--7-K£sv>T, Ji?*R-5££|fc 
(±, -^b$ti^ft^<7)SW<7)»#-*S»Osf 

it <b *i£ g Sffl^f^ffl K * it ^> fe*<7) ft 0^(75 



•70- 



mt-k^m&mm-x m±) omw 



(perception), t V^ — ^g(T)7°U -b^, t #£x. b 
(confering of meaning) ^D^tftL^.'i'^tlftfe^ 

££, ±fBKfcV>T "W tit, 7>-v- 

£ £ V > X It , HSU (D 1fr# J (world of reality) 

£f:i* U r^— ?-Kj3v>-c rAMJ fcf±, 
*n ltzim<DVk%- (=tt#M • &WS&30 K 
W*)mttitz#&t&z.c>tiX^&o AKUi, 

iMcioTO |>r£U (object) ZftmtZ 
#££$£*. kfttVSo fcis, 7>-v-H;fc 

^ 7" 1* 7' J (perspective) CSo'< T^n^J 
(perception) tW\^k<DZLtt^k.bflX^h, 

t^n&Z&tz.Z-bbtt, l"*r£J tit, % 
OA-^ ^ ? r 4 7\z X o T AWj&'&x. fz, 5J, 
%<DW^hh-H.<Dn%Xhh t %>WfrZ% 

& -f)v~^~{t, z<d \nm i, [yattift 

%L\ (physical object) , Pft^GW^J (social ob 
ject), rW^W^f^J (abstract object) (0 = 
{CABflL-CV^o 
ABCiotW Ti±#J (world) fcli, £? 

libit, hW&z.<r>W%re<r> Tifr^J w^Kft 
R@Afc1fr|R<7)P^J fcli, AIWi:J:St# 

mm • fern {fflm$/ft%) iao xiez> & 



<9 & LJ (talk back) LT < SHrtlteWftl- 

it, *<d fm*)ML] zmmtix, ub(Dm 

fci:4So Lfc^oT, 7^-v-^jo^r, 
iBAfcWfcoM^iUi, 1BAK£&iB:#K# 

H>(DtUx.bflXlt^b^:^\ 7")V—7-\Z 

&^x, mht\twt(Drmt\t, mx\ztz> 
wmzm-zmi-ftmt, wm^b^omn- 
%.m£#Lx#itbtiz> [m*)&L] t<D -m 
z.?$%^" mmmzmcx, u mz.-r «• 

c\i Ltz \mhtwwt<D?m\ mmz&t 

Jtfz±X, Xlt, ^<Dm\(D Rf^J (action) 

tit, mntzhktot^TLbti&ofro f)v~ 

V-^joV^Tfi 1 ^ (RSAfiMf^J (individual 
act)) tit, *•?$£*)*>, il^C0ifr#«t1- 
h r&lSJ (fit, adjust) imtUlbtlX&t), 

tz, tbTL^hum ■ m&$&&w* < zti% i> 

<Dtfez.btl&o 7>-V-(i, Z.(D Rf^J 
£, Rffjlj (impulse) -*■ |"£n-l£J (perception) -»• 
T^f^J (manipulation) -*■ f^EfnJ (consumation) 
t vm — givfu-teTsfrb tz%> % cry t J£xTv> 

Uj _ . . . . - r^MJ -e^TI-^. ^>ot L 
tt!i4<, RffibJ l) -• • ■ •- r^l^J 

i > -* mmi 2 ) - • • • • -* mm n ) 

t&x.-fmtiiLXft< i><Db&z.hti%tftitf 

■%b%^c\tiztj;2, 



•71 — 



m & ^ asr 



54 -f 



l%<^2*Hi5V^T(i, ±fa<7)P n 1V>2) Oft? 

B^^ikH $ fix v > * o 7> - v - (7) 7 7 # V y 

V**Ji£, **Ui rtt&WffiMfflJ (social 
interaction) fcHftfft, •?- ft £ 7> - v - (i , 

raefflMfflj o^£l&v> r*->>^vy 

^tBEfpfflJ (non-symbolic interaction) t , 

r g e+Bn#ffl j ^^ft-r & r 7 7 *' u * 7 * 

ffiSfpfflJ (symbolic interaction) ^HoHABU 
Lfv^o -?-<75i7e77l/-v-i2, fff^c^Bj; 
ftfflfc, 5-KOW-9 TtJg^MSJ (conver- 
sation of gestures) t, % L T &# <D ffi Sffcffl 

(use of significant symbols) <h |h] U & & <7) <h L 

oftSfftBKJi, i^IEfil^li, "*rtf r^T5Sc 

fflH#4LTn&iB*Aj&*, #*, SEffiM 
fflOf^ilDT, *i;P*7 7#>£)&jL$-£ 

"$£L77^S;P*7 7*>£3i^i: LTfi^ti 

7 7*'u 7 7&*@Mffl^£ftT^&-^ ? 

(fAFel^ft^J (human society) ) fcl±, 7 7^ 
'J'/nfilftffiW r»imfiU (real form) 

;U — v-(i, r7a --f 7 b • 77 7 a 7j (joint 
action) & V> L (± r h 7 >X7^ "> a >J 
(transaction) <h Df A"CV> £ H(i, ^(7)$^ 



fU/tyaOF -77737^, "jIR#W 
*BW KfflSKffi^mfco £&<£>£ Six. <b*i 

7<7)ffMt±, 7 7*''J y^*ffl£f^fflH*5V»-c 
7 **V 7 7 fcffi Eftffl £il CT , <*-£>#5feM^ 

H-e* * & ? -o<7) v 7 # >; v 7 4ffiEf^ffl 

(-7 a 4 y h • 7 7 7 a 7) ^f^$ tt^> * O 

»9 J (gesture) <D&7fit, ^"O^S^O TS^J 
(meaning) H*ft*— CXOSlS ^ SfefrffcS ft 7 

-?-ftj&Wt<9ft£# i: 0^73 ^^LT^Pf^# 

L^-o-Cv^J ^i^i±, 77l/-v-ici5V^-C 
i±, i^A(9P^:, W^P*7 7^;VJ (signifi- 
cant symbol) &V>Lii r^il^^ttJ (common 
definition) ^Jffii L X V ^ ^i§ £ igPf L T V » -6 
S fc^fjfti* v 7 #>^ui LTV^;K1 h {±, 
l^JEmizii, m*A1>*, #^OgSffi2^ffl 

T, "Ifl-O" ^p*£ "##" trv^^tj^ 
fSLX^fZo "/3^ 7 h • 77 7 3 7(±, :o 

ctHJ:oTnrf^&£k<77 ^7>-v-i: 

l^M^^&l (taking into account of taking into 



•72- 



mt-k^m&mmic m±) <vm% 



account) £Ig1£Loo, £WI rffif«I.-?J 
Tv>£o £fc, 1B*AKJ:*, -£? Lfcroo 

mmtr [m%tz*><om®] &b, "tno-c", 

$*ifcft*tf>®:i!|J) £»?#L, *-5Lfcit* 

T^-/3>li, ^HfM • £te1£ • #£&£ 
-CV>fc 

ikH$tLTv^ yiv—r-li, -%•?, ft£ 
fcv^t^*, 1B*AKi»M1:i?tfJ$*i£ r* 
fi«£«J CioT, ^Mtt • 3o£tt • ff 

7)i-^-ltffimLX^Z>o Xlt, MiK^^ 

fc fc KWb -Hi-*** fcv> ■?££!*, -T&t>^, 
i £fflllftfflffi& t ^OTfc* igrJ-o § (7) £ t 
\z, li^iSt^ya^ > b -Tir'sBXn 

zt*wbfr\ztz>z.t*im-i-&o mat* 



& h it, &m<o%Mi>m w s tii%it h printed 
ztix^&imtit, 1- &*?*>, m^rAom^ 

!i, *KO*Jl^tTv^AMI±, -€-^#igri 

XZ<D%Mm%X^Z>i\\l%tLX, gS^E 

f^ffl^acT, mu-femL, ^o^ut» 

%\zMk%mxmhfrKZtitz£i\z, 7° 
iV—?-\z&^x\t, &&1IA£fXi9#< r* 
#J (world) H±, ^(DiMAKt^XO [*$£.] 
(object) #P> "O*" %2>ii<Dt&x.btlX 

tLXltrm^tfhtiX^&ZtKte&o tZ.h 

x r*t&j tit, faziimitzXTiz, i@a* ? 
la- i-rtahh, &^mmm*mzxhz>- 
Tz^mftzmtfrh, mm tit, -jjxm 

A\zl^X%\jtZtitz$><DX&Z>tW\mz, 1& 

nx \mk<nw%-\ (D&2>~fc<DUftxi>$>n 

x^%^iitz^<DXhi>tw\n\-, 1i^"e, 



73 — 



m. 9 



<¥ m 



54 ^ 



&t><D, b^TZbizftZo xit, %<n \M% 
bHX^tz<Dfr Q Jc^iMxmbfrizZtitz 

x-fb^L-cv^co £/diA(±, *•<£> rss^jsu 

m*, %^-k^(nbLxm^Witfz>c\t\±, m 
m±, ^mt%z b buz-bti%mui%b% 

eit4^-e*»), ^-^isfc, i@a^, zom 
^tti>(DbLxm^mnc\bkttz, ^nm 

v^AMJi, %<?)%&*) wmbtiX^k^M 



* * , t v > ? #tt*«* o amo r^^riij tt) , 

#?-j#£tc*3V>T(±, 01*, 02$, H3$-e 

mbfr\z^ntz, 7)i--?-<D \mm±%\ m 

*, !!M(^Et&fMiE#l££:L-C60, TO 
^#<^SS^J (standpoint of the actor) #» b <D 



7yn-f|:ov>t, 



SpHS 



76 s Si|^tLTV^ 



*SfelSlt, 02*, 03*^<b;Ml£tl 
£ © It , ^-V-Oyy tff ij y i> *iSfpfflf& 

9 fcffiUffcM b LTOli^J (society as sym- 
bolic interaction) b V > 9 7' ^ - V - 60 <£ < £n "b 
tifcfc*!^ &7>^& «£ -5 id, 7i^?-Cco 



"C PI±&J tit, i-r®iL*)i>, AMWtf>tt& 
&*)■&% vtzbnkLX&JLbtiX^tio Ltz 

\z&^x\t, ttgmmimtit, tt^og* 

Xh h tt&Mffl Hftffl (h7>^7^yaV 
yaOf-T^ya^) *M%ttU$, TA 
fSJ^ft^J (human society) i V> 9 & C9##0, 
^tl#^6^f4K^^<b^^^^o £ta&* 7>- 

■?-tfi/>$v y ?mmmmt^7\LWifrb 
■tLxtzQ&\zm-Mm>x&^tz *i^0i$, 

2#, 3*6Oft^ffeHJ:^B^P,^^$tL^ 
^60J:^mgx.^ti^o -fttfoib, tt^^ffis: 



•74 — 



mt-k^^^m-m-x m±) out 



z.im<v-jfmtLx<D r#ito#jiu ^ms. 

Loo, 2vm r*B#Of&&J i: nSfff)/<- 

*^^7^H,£g^g#<7)«!£J «£W 
£«*9^d (teHL^) mUX^h, t&k. 

|"#Jlttf)#JgU fcfg^Loo, ffi^^i^ 

£fcffi^<bH.T, i#g#l±ftf>J:-5fc*g/Sr 

A-*^7M 7>kI,jt£#g#08g£J) 

5££) L£-fr&lt*ttffcfcfcv\ -H L^M 

**«:£, &&fi<Jl:HB*AJ±, "S" 5eH£&flS 

^ <b # <b ftfctt&wjisiftfflfflfi-e* o *„ t 
z.hx, 7*)V~-7~(Di/y*^) vtfflSftmWi 

ffeHJoV^Tti l~!ii$fctd (sensitizing concept) 

■c*9> < * outrun l-cswi • im&ztiZ'< 

tSEUfetLX, rg^W^^J (naturalistic in- 
quiry) j£fc$|lf LTV*&j&*, <?-*U±, 7'^- 



n-tz>%h\z, &m>m!.t\t, mmm^mm 

^*}*&t7>-v-(i#x.Tv^<7)-e&^ 

& &^1-* 4 <b if, fflftgitpamz lx, ■ i 

ib (75 >f ^ - v & v» L i±EW£il * * »t* -5 
^^££n£it^tB*£ (^<7)t#xP>tlT 

^S^ft-C** ri£TOMJ (empirical world) 

^ ib ffi?s#o ^ * - v ^fgit ^ 1 x&t h tt 

2> rffifitj (resist) &V^Lti rgg»)jELJ (talk 
back) (["S^WflfUJ (negative case) £>!&£) 

vj (root images) ) &##f#&* t t Xf%M L, 

tf:440^ 7>-v- j&*$t^i- ;&<?-£> "it 

Ji" tf, ±|S<7) rtf^#^«I^J (standpoint of 
the actor) frh <D7 7°U ~^\Z-W£ h %^\ 1" 

xtmi, *o±-e, g&ttfl&HHfci-ti 

&&tt>-9 Xgslfc&zts^Xlt, iOT7n- 

m i g&<5AZO^xmZmJ)mffiZtlX^& 
$T. [itm^-it] (acting nit) \Z "*ffl" % 



— 75- 



m gf & 



I 54 f 



ftfcfiJfiSS't* Rf^#^3A^J (position of the 
actor) frbm$i*ff7Z-t$:, &9?2>%b 

#Kgffrt4&<a-e&ofco ££%"?, 7>- 
v>& ^i<k£i^1-&£&M37>-v-t±, 

fjjifLfiJ (actingunit) ^ V>d ffl!S£fflV>TV^ 

v>&W, Alffl1BAT?*;MfeHT*<fc;ft, -e^L 



ttzZHfoK, *■; 



■■£?■ 



tiix^^o^Arm 



At?* ft, £ffl"C*ft, W^S^fi-eo R£M 
fto&ffi C(M&3))) £IR?#J tstv^ 

tfftif&^&^o -ft#\ 7^-v-oM-c 
mWHaffi K L X RTfg t? * i> fr \z o v > T , 7 

^j (rssimttj) ^(i, a wis a "^^" * 

*^> 7 *>o >A^<ft^ov>Tli!fe«l!f1£ft 



tt#Wffi£ftffla*£;i:ft-cv>* t l i % #ffc 
•eft <b ftfcfci jt, £ & £ x. & fc fc tf, fU tzm 

mm\zis^x, -a«:&* rgsffls^fflj 
©-muu© r#ii<7)#jij ^tfv^oo, 

r ^ 7> ?> 1- * * & (f , it^mmim k#-s- 

$k**, tv>-5 "aisr±w" frit'* "mm 
®%" mfctLxi>ffiz.tz±x, tiLtiMm 

K&&^tzm&1j ; &*nb%llil\£%btf:^z\ 
b\zKh lri£t>%, £>£{iAortffi(±&< i 
^*<7>MA#fc3l#tfl$ftfcttfttf*5>fcv^ 
"C&ft *ftfi, -^flAfcffiSftffifc^-C 

-?-0 7^-;i/KHi5tt'6— AO Rf^J Kflfe 
fc £ &v*fcv> 7 §&£•?& *o -f£ftt>, ffl^# 

fxcoiisj mtn&^-f, -e^sc^w^# (us 
tz, ^t< "v>*"'j v?%mmm" <o$m 

^A&k^Kx^ft&'tft^&^&v^^i 
^-<7)AcoSffl*W#LJ;^ fc.loT^-6ff*# 



•76- 



mtiz^mitmmx m±) m 






££ ^-oiftiftt?, fflsfrfKis Rf^^H 



it ^m" * "nv? v 



nt&^tz 



fi^ilfSJ (reconstruction of constructions) "C 

2s#<7?*JUe) <D%^i±<nM%i±MnK L-rii^ 
zt&m%ztLx\t*z>tf, xu, -eo nto 

ttf, t>flt>fl\Zt-oX(D^-^(D^—<D%mt 

sat*^**^!*:* (t#±), urn ti, rti 

7>-7-(Dy>*'U -y ^ISfFfflHtl&ttS 

ti#H^# J (M>i4)), Mffi^^tB 

JK#, 2000#, <7)SI*tC^#$n/i:XittaS* 



0) fS/f 1] (, D B*0>JH5EIWHfc5E0>£*<0 
j*ft-5E0>£« * » <" S ft WEI* 1 *(D5EC0* 
■X-fbfcrofcK-CJ (¥$ 4 #JS • ||*^^5^ 

S#), rjfc^SBIMS Jttf-^1 ¥ffll«76IStff 



ilWIB 



&&%■ 



S44-t, f?l*7v^£^£, 1994 



¥, 97H)o 
1) *EC H, rH.G.7>-v-(7)y>,fij^| 

*£!#£), JKJfc^^^^Ki^W^^r, 1996^ [Jt 

7r^tifzmmMm 6) ^^&^^tzi>(Dx^^v } o 

^fcSftffllfrff* ±tl±*£«;t-C J (m 

4ttt^^# (a), r*t&^«j H25^, m^a 
£^£, 1996^, 81H-101H, i7iH) [naj?n 



(«), F^^fbJ ^60#^3 



i£tt*^£ 



*#, 19975, 55M-72M, 98M) [SfflSfcfclf 

m^^hss — J (■%&#&¥£ (is), rtt 



^^fe^.: 



k+yw ^27-t, HMttt^^, 19985, 149M- 

i66H) [&8iztitzm±mici l z38^xm'&^m ■ 

fcfc. 1*±Sfcfctf)&4* (r»$J) Ji, ^0*fL 



<##HS> 

1) H.W.V-*-^ (^SB«t, Hf> Hi, ffilR), 

1997^ [ •> > *' 'J 7 ? fflS^fflf^COaa^?Jg 7 f t ft o 
fc •> * =^M*MTa&¥o£*W' : E / ^*7700 



■77- 






$ 54 •?■ 



2) is# », nn n, ojs^mij, \$Limm&<r> 

64-t, "Mbtt^W^, 1997^, 25H-48H) 
LTV^'A^fcffiSftMBJ i:l±, AHHM#;f 

if±, ttiSffiiW&ffil* C A T V * f<7)»U rV 

3) is?* $ (ffi£ft*#), ro&) »««^fcosr 

5SB) fflfft«§» (flf^jaa#^05451030)), S 

tt^X^SBa&^fflftg, ¥$7¥2£ [±!2 

HjSJ (17H-29M, BfTO, H2$S4gfl^l) 
rCATVK*ttSSI#J (77K-86M, 3fJR)]o 

4) is* m iWRixmrn), a&mmmtvmmt 
*w^£b) mvm&m (w^as#-§-o545io3o)), 

*«A^A^Aia£MW5Sf4f±£^ffl?ES, 

w [mmmmktmm±gt<vrm} (i4jc-i9H, 

fltfJBO, IH4$f!t3gi5<Z>l) rCATVtc^-faSi 
#J (86M-90H, ^fJR)] 

1) **Xf±, ^ttffiail (HSfD283M>! 1 BJtSB* 

ffillft (¥$11#j£*§^) J (JMb**«44#) 

SlSmW^t X^ $11* *:|t±3SJ fcfro 

osnfc-ffijE* in *.£*><& -?&.&<> *£, JBUT, 



i±, 3iffl*iK**»*T*4*'a-^j± r j *$>h 

h-fo 44s, *#lcJ:&§^43l^[ffl:£X4;v> 
T, " " fcfflifttvafc £%{;*, Dt#fcSv>l± 
Hi^#lci:4SIP (&*<&*■&£ 4 * 'J y *#■? 
|E3;fttV*fc<*» **f>*?1-o 443, ^IfflX* 

^tiffcis^-ciio tfc- • • • ii, 

zm%££2>$>i6ijbht>-to ttz, &.r, *m 
Kid^xu, "umttx", #fis-5ifflxmo* 

¥J rtSlffl] H&J, tv^ff^tlfo-cv^ (tfij: 

mt*¥ (S), rt#±^tiiis: — rtswsB* 

«5) J (jMb±^fg44#), mibA^, ¥$12 

£«, 2H, 248M, £#$Uo S£3lffl£ti££ 

\m%%\ mm • Bm±m<vm%] (t^^m 
mtix\<*z>%mw m%% • mm%%i mm • 
eifflXK^®^ (**)j rtHKRttj rufi^j rc^f 

< hJUco^Ttt, m^bA^ (S), rif±^l , iii 

11* (¥^11^JSS^) J (m«A^^44^), 

m^bA^, ¥$l2i£jt, 2M, 248M, *#H8.) 

^t«, mt*& (S), rt«±^f±iftx — p*3§ 

i«ii#Jtfil^) — J (jfcll:*¥»44#), ^4bA^, 

¥J«12^S, 2M, 248M, ^#^ ) 



■78- 



mitA^w&mmic (»±) m 



WW hfr[zLtzbz\b\zx tii£ , -> * =r^ifc >z:±, 

&^tz (.mm r], ["H.G. 7^ --7- Wv>*''J-;/ 

?tlSflUB»£*sC*5 rfrA*t*t#i:roBB»J 

«±^fciix), *:ib*¥*¥E£¥fli£**, 1996 

£, 49M-50M). 

1) S1*#s— tc, A.^^-;KcioTlS^§ti, 

G . if > * ^Wtt&^O -> * ^fflfctt&^K 2+t h 
»#*E4ii:**a*4o IBA^tt&fcitfifcrWfc 

(social process) ( = ffi£^ffl^ii*I$ftI!)W§l)!§) 

<DMMb Lxm&ZtiX^'Dtzo 

2) uric, ^a^^^WiHf-Cfcofc, 
G.H.5- Y*? J ,fa-'f©-/77vf'fXAC 

t A*tu**o t ») kit 5 - K**sra tft r*sp* 

-> > ** ;i/ J (significant symbol) i- <£ & A ^ <£> ffl £ 

iusae*, rumj (self) Kiwtaaa&M?!/- 

m±bLX, ; yiJ^m^.X\tm^hfli>l^{Zfj:^ 
3 ) ±iEOA£o<7)&HK££ fcftfc -># =^ 

ft& *■<*>#»£«, mmm (=??;&#£ *><*> 

i<*^¥m±£¥xi±, wimm^vfcRzmMir 
htz>sb\z\t, ®imm%<7)mm*mm*&£x, * 

C0WW\zm'i&. L ft (ttUfft <b ft v^i: #x. lb it -5 £ 
ii:bTv>^ i£, -?-<7>J: 3 &#*.*£# 

#4fH?^BIfi, 3Mft, afS^^lfe^ [ca-7 
> • K 3r J- ^ > r J (human document) ^1118 $ tl 



ST'fg-£KMLTW^ft<b(2\ *-*Ui, AW 

on&mmAnmiwM:^ rtt&ttttsflUBj 

(social interaction) & jl lb T )TM ^tttV^tv^ 

flJB&Ki(K*£:HT^<& (-rya-f^r-T^ya 
y\ (joint action) f&) tt|Z,fi|:o^tf ^ 
ft lb if, -?"<£>* &!&iV>j^g£, 7">-v-<£>v> 
#'J 7 ^ffiSbfFfflir^a^t LTffifi^ttilT 
V»4 rgSffiSf^fflJ (self interaction) «&KJL 

* J (standpoint of the actor) ^h<DT~fu—^-) 

h z. b \z x o -cfifs^ort wfflffi* w e> *»t=i-* 

&AK<75i*lJIW£< A^A-Cv9>< iir&nrtlic 
Sftffll^J, HMttJl^H, 1976#, 76M). 

3) [ttg¥<Dj&AL&*m&zm&zx, rxrata 
&5£<7>« *p a is t Lxtm-zmhtix ztzb^^ 
if, tzizc\<D !Ambtt£b<D?m} am^z 

i-ewa^^56(c#4LT^^:fcv>^ • • • • 

tft^*>, -^jc riis^i@A±«Kfta^^Ki 
#aj zwi.i&ibz>i><Db, muK immztt^ 

(*'Lv ±«»4tt^f^»#*J £#L)iJ6&*><7> 

ci;i *'<>v—<D%jm±mttmA±mzM-t 

%> f ; ;'. y A co«m, aftflg tflAi«Wft AH 

sti>i paatt^i^tt <b ttrv>^ l, -e-o&tfv?- 

V > X'»}i^f|;j!tt^ n > ^* (Wrong.D.H.) <D 
ra^ftiiflJWA^IIJ (the oversocialized concep- 



tion of man) flfcfl 



«i, ®s^a^ (^« 



■79- 



m w 



54 -t 



mmmz.^bfcx^tztmk.&x&h^ ■ • • •„ 

*JSfc»£»*fll£& L i 9 t Ltz i><D%<DX°$)&l 
(ftJH 5], r H. G. 7 ;u-t-<7) •>>*'■; -yaffil: 

(¥$ 7 ifjg • *^fc*¥*^ISX*Bf%S. . fc±ijfi 
ftHS), K«*¥**KX^W^S, 1996^, 3 

JO. 

4) *ift<z>£3*<7)eit0>i*jilu:*£<Djfc±a&x<0 

gg (S3S) fc-ltUTVS. HiLLO i t \z$c* 

a* rftK-aswj TN&ajjf&fc, tt&**i-g# 

7'^-^-#^JaLTtt«t/i3i^- • • • fctt, 
^MW^i3:fi^*^7*;v-T-c7)5;^ • • • • * 

Si#i^ffi^-t<5£i5&*m#fc<so-c*£ -for 
;i/--?-(7) \tL^l *, 7>--v-{i • • • • Jil 
T^i?^SftLTv^ (QtfiO IA?)77°n- 
f- (yysl?'j7?«Iftffl») -Cli, • - ■ -A* 

S^KHt4ffi« ( = **) fcfciiv*, *fc, 
Tv^ ^t^t^j^^^ ?> * S *l^ t-tt/^-Ci5 »> , 

hZtim^X, teftZtifct), i&ftstLtzt), 
^tbhtifz"), ^Ztitz<9LXi®<o • • • • 
A*l±HW;:&4ofc;Bb£;"?T7 p n-f-L, ^& 



£v>tf>-e** J Cefefr] • • • •*I(?)^^f'- 

ftfflȣ> PlltJ (= F^-h^^-vJ) tC*5*t 
&, \Y-t^'y?l fcv>LI± r^WWHWIJ <?>§& 
££H«i L/iAtFicDilfgWHWi, foH 
#$«BHt£ ftt^J (= \*JaJ>h • TVs a 

f^ffllttc*W* rfr*#i:*t£fc0>KH*J S#J 
<¥« 7 #Jt • l|:ib±^±^3Z^W£*4 • li±^ 
ftltX), *^b*¥*¥KX*flf^W, 1996^, 41 
W-42H). 

5) H*wig?EMa-«s»«[K« (tir, raajEK 

SJ tB&fB) cof&£7n-tx (^*-XA) 4:, 
W.F.tV^-XD TiftSifJ (cultural lag) ffl 

"-fti" dag) #£ i: a fc </* -9 o fib*., ft® 

jatiK^s«f, *awnHj#j], aiE«ji<b= mm 
-ittsfcM&etcL ^mmxit= [0*a^?e 



80 — 



Mik±¥m&mmic m±) ow^ 



&.WL, *#«]) <D%i%k$LZtzt><DX°&hZhi-m 

±»:£^0>SB8»iii;:o^Tii, mt±^s:^^ 

1997^, 68M*i«<7) r<#is>j, %V7ommm<D 

6) r- • ■ •*«?«, rgEffisf^fflj «t^t<7) 

-> > ** >j y ? ffisftffl i& ?> rai^j \zmi& r < 

rH.G.7>-v-(7)v>#iJ-y^ffli:fffflii(C*5 
lt* rfr*#i:ti#tOHffiJ S=#J (¥J&7*£- 

*¥*¥ISX¥ffi&:PI-, 1996*, 5H). ft*3, Jt 

rS^A^i^«^51*n 1995*J, nabA^i 
^$15, ¥J&8*, 41M, 3071;, 310K, 315H, 319 

i*Tli, m^bA^S:^gBg31fii^^J£Sl# 

(a), r*:ii:*9&s:¥«0>sfflii 1995*1 m^b 

*^£^g|5, ¥J&8*, 41 W, 307M, 310H, 315 
H, 319JC, *#BB. ft£, *#W?*»X5J^« 

KifcfeT*3^;t 

#), 1994*, 97H [J #13) (=(i25))) * 

lcKWr«*^#lii:l/T, «* 11, 7';u-v- 

<7) rgE#<DS«ic^t§<wfauii#ij>cD^^j (= 

XflR (ft/f s], 1994*, FH.G.7"JU-V-<D*± 



gfi?6&, [» : ttmz ft^Ua, ±# : ) £*± 
¥, 7 3 310) £#*/r#fl<D£M (&M [ ^|], 

1995*, [/\-M'- h • 7" JU- "7- £>->>**'./•;/? 

ffi:5fMllC*W$<fT*#fct&#i:roH0i>lf 
#J, S4201Mfctt#¥£*£, i£$fi£, (J*:) 
IMbA^, 7E8 B) 0)5S^roXIRlZ*i>TfTo 
fc (AS, 1996* a (=1)16)], 55M U #B8) 

((»a7))). caff) *w c=(«a8))] n, 
7>-v-tz*5^r rtt^j if mte-nm 

5fcUfc»*<7>fc±¥ftlHS: (ftJS, 1996*a) 

(«ii4) c=(ma9))] *t)tc, ■*<&«<&»* 

roW^JS* (HJR C ^), 1996*, [H.G.7JU- 
■7-cD v ># "J 7 ?ffiSftfflllC* WS 'M@A t 



*±#" £<7)M#|f#j, £43EIJIMI:tt£3&#* 



SA4 



CK:] Sft*¥, 7^130) fcEgSx. 



rS-fbJ &60*$ 3 • 4^, *4t*¥X¥#, 1997 
*, 68*). 



0) Ttt^fk (socialization) ASULT, >X<D^-D(D 
MMX~%^htl&o 1) ^Stt^^*0*^«E^i: 
LT, fHBA*>ffi£ftffl*KJ:i), *BI*^a^*^ 
3g|£5^nriili:*4ji® • ■ • • 2) il (Mi^) 
^WBfti'o****, fAteftff^^f.a^W • * 
m#j%i><D^tW:z.hti&z.t • • • • 3) flA 

tt^^w^nfflg t lt# < fflv> <b*taoij 3 ) 
^fb>;i-?-tL(c#joi-sfiA^*3tt-5>fS:ffl*<7)^# 






— 81 — 



m % 



54 ^■ 



£#i:£-ftffc*fc UTtt^fctEgiJt^A^v^o 

#$*&!:•?* •?, S fc/<-7^ 'J r-f *£>&£*«: 
«^:t?*4 -Loft, Stf&Kjtt&ti:, WHWtt 

&ft, a»^jsk, «hi-iib!m#-xaj mm 
m, ft (S), ra^'hs* c«Miis]j, *rsnn, 

1982^, 149M-150M)o ££"?«, 3) OjftBfcT? 
fflV^tLTV^ 
1) ^O ffi^J **, 1fi#^t.«tt^t<7)MiS^^ 
V>Tft£a&i§^, -?-til± rtt^BtfJSJ (social 
action) fcH^lfft&o 

ra^wa swffi^ &s «> -law «i5Et £ * 

[Rtft (behavior ® Verhalten) ^#(7)^^fei 

ijtv^J (Ml KB, ft (II), r*±#^MvS$H 
CUMftJBOJ, *f«H, 1982^, 108M)) tt^UiX 

Tv>£|5| •)-?<£> A Wfi 1 !!) (M.^x-A-) &&v> 
ii$it*tt ^iiTW£agfIaJ&*K[6J/^^ifr$to* 
^t*^t-;^3 ^ -»?tfS®S (/-?-v>X) tv^ofc 

oHMftm^ibti&o • • • -j (mi as, 

ft (&), rtt£¥'J\B* C«M«JK)J, ^HH, 1982 

5, 163H-164M)o 

ra^Aa^wa&J =tT*afe*±ftt LAa 

*©ir^ic**±iie«iifti* (mm) t, m%^<D 
^r6]t-#SLT rtt&ttfrfcj &s*la^\ - 



*i*»«to«&*»& (i) gs^awa^ (2) 

iiffi^SfctffS (3) ISiKWff* (4) liltwa 

ffi#£-&trtt#<&##<a#si**tffl!u -a*a 

SOiWiiJ&w^&^Lti^lxk LTfiJfflt^ 

«ti-So rwt^awa&J ta, imw, m 

KWlc-fg^U igfcfclElI-*-*- £&<§*>*>» 
LA^HHcfiH i^^ffS-C* 1 ), *2Xtv>* 
«fik i f><A.S#»g*fi L »fc<flffli::B&SW£* 
BfclP^ftt & - A t #§j i t & o RS&fctfrSJ 
tit, l'|ffbL^:#<OH^»a^(7)±^^, r- 

JED], *»»»WJI6, 1987^, 42H-43H) 

rawa^aj = r^ft^wff s* *±«»^ she 

tit, 1) aS^fk L<f±«S#l=0f4i: LTit 
j$A, 2) ioaHK)aJ»*®AT^SEff**H 

sftawafli****] (Mi sh, ft (a), ra#* 

/JvS* (flHfJSOJ, £«M, 1982% 390H)o 



«£#;a 



^«'-± 



Stt?0#«ft^Sg*^tfo :<o 



fctt^fA(0:tS: HfcBIJ (group) ADf^o 

2) jsS;MF5w#aM^t/i!i*|Blo@gk^w 
JtJg;<7)A*otSi!io 

4) rjsa) rtS^ct5it**fa:kStij(D5tfttfr 



■82- 



mt-x^m&mm-x m±) m 



r tj 



Jiff [we-feeling] & tz i) t V > #*# ritiJiln 
■CV>4*a*, t>tvt>tlMM (we-group) tv^. 

ztnim^m^^m^-<DAtzio^(DMt.^mM.i 
i>-3£mz tft&mt xatiz. m±ftiv-y- 
>- 7 -?<d i> 1 -c a * la i*i k t> ti t> msflt a*a& s * 

fcS¥»*J, lffI»M, 1981*, 468M)]o 

35^5) <^5ftc0-o-o(i&SfIK<0i|J§*#o 

So i«J:9^*fflo@|B**^5tT?, -5- it* ft C 
& *fi fc ?£#J tf> 5H 1 1 frirH W 3 HbJf K it ^ t? v ^s 

4 ?£*§£-, -ti*#tC rffi«J (organization) fc 

n^-cEart a ££«>** Gfteais- r&%Jitt 
K ^MfyU-xlitfiDIMi CafctTHOJ, 

H^&WtfcJK, 1987*, 55H-56S)o 

-mz T*HJ 14, r* l **BIJ (primary group) 
i: r^2^^HJ (secondary group) (D^fcOCDit 

WftftUfog (7x^X • h* . 7x^««#) 

i*HB9 (*<DmtL-c, mm, ^o&vwm, 



©#»fc^gW<kKa^v>TJI#WK^jSS*L > 
*ffl (-g-O^lltLT, 3*# f ks, »<&, ±mi 

it, bse*^ hv>a (*eaa-, rti#*o«* 

US [SSTJR3J, HfMfcfftBJK, 1987*, 62M- 
63H) &£, £? LfcfcfflO?^, rA36»i^O 
IS, JfilBf, fffffi, *KfcJ&£LfcO, £#Lfc 

a J (reference group) iP?.£ gift&^li, l^ — 

SW*#mi:1-S -J-dTtt, #^co*ffl(73aia 
tcm»LTg^wtJJt^flWf*ffM, ggLfc»), 

j^am caiTJKjj, 3s«»i*wjk, 1987*, esw- 

66H) 

t * rf^^JJ (bureaucracy) 1 V> ? M.^-x- 
^-(4, fi«t^flJ^#KtLT, 1) «R<7>il 
lllttE^-, 2) liOtx)l/7i^-l 3) & 
&<*>#«, 4) ^#(c4S#»^a, 5) *F!*n 

* rW^SlJikJ (bureaucratization) fcV»V\ IMX 

*A»ttfc*^, f$r<7)#*^3l, a*sm^ 

c&fTfi&)j, nm%mini&, 1987*, 195M) 



■83- 



m ft 



^ i i i 54 t 



Ihfi, -J-zi-eiiAtffcti, ili«WtJ±5-«*L, 
li£Afe£ *> o TlStil WKHWdSte* L, II* 4 

(c*o*<« ftfimSoAftir, £ffifc*^< 
#7frft^W^fc&J (XM BR, ft (8), H± 
#^/Jxg$ft CflMfJEJJ, $«H, 1982*, 93M)o 

r*K*^j=rr>--^offlSo awsjfeo 

>J , atS* • W'lf * • KIT ft ft LTAffffiifr^ft 
IEL, ^^yt7fg^U:f)L, Sfc£ 

# (S), ra#*/jv»* c«msjir]j, *hm, 198 

2*, 363W)o 

m±£tmzft2>z.tt>$)& itfflA^sv^cg 

*Hott^#'^^, -ec-eiiA^tiifiJ 

wwimzm^xtmi, mi^mmm^n 

ti\i*fak<r>tz>sb^\»mfr*-t Z> i ^ ft- i: lift v> 

h ifirg-K i *»*»*> "b "f *K#J ic (±#** L X v>3 o 
h\ (Mill fti, # (fl), rtt#*'h»ft Ctiffi 

IK] J, *«H, 1982#, 91M)o 

&tR£A& *R«^wMffi^= #» • ft* • ffi 
ItZt'tLX, $>&BtQKit+&&8L<omiRiM 
*U i^W^A^WftttfC*^, y-tf^v-r 
7 !**£<&£ fcfc&tfc 3*1* J (i*tt W, Ife 
(S), r*t^*/Jv»* (iiffiJfc)J, £«H, 1982*, 
240M)o 



- PRf8*EJ (functional group) = l"tt£$Mf K 

flg , *Sfc*fc*KA;&K/t;:^J£3;ftfc*ao «4 

*I3 (derivative group) *&VMiElft*fflfc ! b^ 

^o #<(iiHiftffiir £*>*>, ^gwwoi't^ 
inA^S^ttiSt?** 3^3SHWfi«jt?*>* jHc i o -c 

liftiSffl • IgttSUffl • ^ftllfflftf K^tAft&J 
(MAI fill, # (S), r*t£¥/JvS*» Cliffi 

IS) J, £8M, 1982*, 65H)o 

— rS^*BIJ (ftindamental group) =[M.B J ?1&B, 

m* ■ nm* ■ &&**£• *jgu *©ttio*iti: 
A^tti-e-i-a^w^^.^^t^n, ^-vt 

yr-r^JSSftSJ (Ml BE, tt («), fti 
#^/Jv3$it| CfllffllJS]J, =frS§IS, 1982* 65M)o 
3) St, tt&3*K*5V>T, RSfflJ (role) t JiJBlT 

to rtO<7?£^J &v>U± [^-^^^f^J 
(perspective) O- t £fg LT^£ 
a) r#^Ott^W#®t-iSV»T-5eW*ffi*t& 

jSatm = r V ->?■<? (Thorndike.E.L.) bzffii 

4^®aife*w-o-c*u, ^s^fijm* (s) t 

RIS (R) «l§-a-ftv>ta^CJ;oT|FiBJ!1-^t 

<Do s-Rmtmfozti&j mm m, m («), 

Ttt^^/J^fA (*ffllJiR)J,>SIH, 1982^, 134 
M)o] L, @^i#tc!ff*c7)St-A*ff^it^ 

zti&nmwi&i raw j tuf^o *f£*tt^« 
t*ffi^/7tB^:^fttffittA(f, fsffitA -e-w 

*fi^*#14*4x., Witc^JSL^KiliWft* 
**}ES1-4«^:-c*4J (Ml fin, f-tfe (IS), 



— 84 — 



mt^m&mmic m±) m 



m^^mm tmrnfRU, tsua, 1932^, 379 
b) r • • • • tt^v^T-Art^-etL-r^o^e 

w& {&mtmmff)mmi$tr) <Dzt* raw 

(role)J t^i a#->Xf-AhLT»*[l|^a^ 
It, dilfeOSfflOfiV^iCMLTi 0®fflU3a 

a cefcfiJK]j, h*»ww«r, 1987^, 49K)o 

&£, i^t T*fiJ (status) t(i, tt^vX 

#O^J6^)fifi (position) C0^t*H7o *>&& 
[Z, R.'J > h y (Ralph Linton, 1893-1953) li, 

*Biti*H#K*fca» £*>«&«$■*£ ft* r« 

SWftfi (^#W*f5)J (ascriptive status) t, 

£ft& r^#H^*fiJ (achieved status) £ KEBU 

1987^, 48M-49H)o ££, iHfc TitfefiJ ffl 
<*>»&* 3 LT, tt&^TNi |"tt&l»#J (social 
relations) i^-)o fit, tt£|»#JJ, *ji|&*tjjf£ 

i£## t #«#& f , $ 4 ST* & Aftu^*^ 
i^cott^iiS^^ffl^^ftfft-tSta^^. (JIB 



£83 C*IIffi]J, SfS&ttUJK, 1987^, SOU- 
SI K)o 

b, **** (»), n«±*ttttx — aso* 

^JtJS^) J (*:|l:*¥«44#) (ftffiKgBtt® 

* a$iii imc*^), mib*^, ¥#12**, 

*4*< h;nc-3^rii, Hclb*^ (S), Hi± 

S:^ £11* (¥JSn*ME»#) J (*#:*;¥ 

J:tf*Sifc£J!IWgg £^ £ll£ 3&:|b*¥J), 
mt±m, ¥J&l2:£jf, 2M, 248M, £#BB 

((1PSIftE«<7>»£^ rsfcfcrt&^gtij.ttf* 

T^4#ift) W2HS0 f 248H*#M$*tJtV» o ] 

5) IK«- (JWfcftH*), rx^aJSi* tttt 

m^m w-mmimss&mtt — j $i44^-, m 
*^^j^#, 1994^, 97M, rnww r^mm*} 

6) (AM s], rH.G.^Vu-v-CDv>*' 'J •>•?+! 
Sf^fflltCftW* rfr*#fctt#i:0>HflU IS#J 
(¥$ 7 ipjg ♦ *****¥KX*Wa:» • *±¥ 
ttftttfc), *^b*¥*^ISS¥W^f4, 1996^ ) 

7) xtf, m^t^^s:^^ (a), r^bj m5smm 

3 • 4#, JK^b**X*^f, 1995±P, io4H;m^b 
±^5^# (S), rXftJ !H59<§#3 • 4^, x 
^b±^S:^#, 1996^, 77H, #BSo 
8) ftJl H, T/\-/<- h • ^-7-©y>*'iJ 7 

# (*), rX.bJ ^60#m3 • 4-§-, Xnb^^X 
¥#, 1997^, 55H-72H, 98M)o 

^TB, m^b^^^#gBgBlfii#IISISM# 

(S), rmnb±^s:^a5W3i>5in 1995^], mt 

**X¥3, ¥^8^, 41M, 307M, 310M, 315 

H, 319M, £#B8o 4-*, «a*n*:*iiBxro 



— 85 — 



(s*^«#), rx¥«B»* — *«»*» ¥ffl #, 1994^, 97H) «#sa„ 



— 86 —