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Full text of "The Selective Service and Training Act of 1940 / submitted by Jeremiah Collins Hege"

THE SELECTIVE SE2VICE AND TRAINING ACT OP 1940 

Submitted by- 
Jeremiah Collins Fepe 
April 4,1941 



SUNMaRY 

This paper contains a brief discussion of the background, the 
purposes, and the administration of the Selective Service and Training Act 
of 1940. Charts, graphs, and clippings are included in this report to 
show the details of registration cards, the increase in the national quota 
up to July 1,1941, and the administrative organization. 



-1- 



PASSING OF THE ACT 

On September 14,1940 the Congress of the United States passed 
the Selective Service Training Act of 1940, and on September 16,1940 the 
President of the United States signed the bill thereby making it a law. The 
passing of the bill was significant because it marked the first peace time 
conscription of our man power. The act provides, in general, that, from 
a population of 16,404,000 men between the ages of twenty-one and thirty- 
five, 800,000 will be inducted into military service for a twelve month 
period before July 1,1941. These men will be a supplement to the armed 
forces of the United States already existent. 

PURPOSE OF THE ACT 

The purpose of the Selective Service and Training act may best 
be set forth by quoting from section 101 of the act itself: "The purpose of 
the Selective Service is to secure an orderly, just, and democratic method 
whereby the military manpower of the United States may be made available for 
training and service in the land and naval forces of the United States, as 
provided by the Congress, with the least possible disruption of the social 
and economic life of the nation," 

ADMINISTRATION OF THE ACT 

The above mentioned purpose is to be accomplished by processes 
as set forth in the act. The first process, that of registration, is the 
listing by name of every male citizen between the ages of 21 and 35 with 
a few exceptions in the case of men who have been or are now in military 
service. 



-2- 



The second process, classification and selection, is the one whereby the 
availability of one man with respect to another is determined by the local 
draft board. (See fig. 1&2 for sample classification cards.) The third and 
final process is the actual induction into military service of those selected 
by the local board. 

The quotas for the states and the subdivisions therein have been deter- 
mined by the ratio of the number of registrants in the given area to the 
number of registrants in the nation. A graph showing the quotas per month 
from the country as a whole is shown in fig. 3. 

The elements of the Selective Service System are shown in their relative 
positions in fig. 4. The duty of the Local Board is to classify the registrants. 
The Advisory Board for Registrants advises the registrant in any matters per- 
taining to questionaires and appeals. The Medical Advisory Board is composed 
of practicing physicians whose duty it is to make the final decision in oases 
concerning physical availability for military service. The Board of Apneals 
is the board to which the registrant appeals the decisions of the Local Board 
concerning classification. The State Headquarters has charge of the operation 
of the Selective Service System within the state, and the National Headquarters 
with Dr. Clarence Dykstra as Director, operates the Selective Service System 
within the nation. 

CONCLUSION 

In my opinion the successful operation of this act durinp- its five 
years of existence depends upon the absolute integrity of the administers of 
the act, both local and national, and in the willingness of every registrant 
to do his patriotic duty to make his country safe from invasion or subjugation 
by any foreign power. 



-3- 



Figure 1 






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ana me delivery oi maciiine tools 
now on order are expected to speed 
up production, possibly to 25,000 to 
30,000 a year, according to present 
estimates. 

"The warplane production pro- 
gram has moved out of Washing- 



Great "ji,. ■ . i " 

United States Arnfy4rM'*,ej" . I Fjua frnm Plamin^ D « 

The Aeronautical Chamber re- 1 "™™* InllTa'njI " ^fiTth co) 
ports cover both combat and train- I searcn should begin in the N. I ,. B 
ing types of airplanes. The pro- Mr - Toland said the boart 'b*. 
portion of fighting planes is going I caus e it has been given jurisd. 
up steadily and now outnumbers | over dis P u tes between capita] ai 

■ - ' — » *« nnp nf the mncf I'ltni n-> 




orkets, Page 20. 



An Evenin 
With 

LOCAL— I 
Associated Piejj 
American New 
Daily News Fori 
Stan Writers. Ri 

«■) Me* 



,205. 



WASHINGTON, D. C, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 19, 1940 —FIFTY-FOUR PAGES. ** 



Fleet Bombards Italians; 
i Claims Egyptian Victory; 
)amage East London Area 




Map showing where Britain's fleet and air force is reported 
today to have shelled and bombed Italian troops and supply 
centers along 350 miles of Libyan-Egyptian coast. Course of 
previously reported two-column Italian drive (arrow) into Egypt, 
which Marshal Graziani said today was pushing back British in 
disorderly retreat, also is shown. —A. P. Wirephoto, 



Ribbenfrop Confers 
With Mussolini on 
Next Move in War 

Indications Seen Spain 
May Come In or Permit 
Gibraltar Attack 

!>y the Associated Press. 

ROME, Sept. 19.— Adolf Hitler's 
Foreign Minister, Joachim von Rih- 
bentrop, conferred with Premier 
Mussolini this afternoon and on this 
consultation may pivot the next turn 
in the European war. 

Linked with the talks at II Duce's 
Palazzo Venezia was the possibility 
of a broadened war, with indications 
that Spain might be drawn in, at 
least to the extent of permitting an 
axis drive across her territory 
against Britain's Gibraltar strong- 



Nazi Press Demands 
Unlimited Bomb Wa^ 
Against Britain 

Anger Stirred by Charge 
That 9 Children Were 
Killed in R. A. F. Raid 

By the Associated Press. 

BERLIN, Sept. ID.— A call for un- 
limited bomb warfare on England 
in retaliation for the reported 
bombing of a German hospital was 
sounded in the German press today. 

It followed cautious hints that the 
aerial struggle might go on through 
the winter, but with new pressure 
of some sort on other "vulnerable" 
points of the British Empire, 

Der AngrifT, propaganda Minister 
Goebbels' paper, demanded thous- 
and-fold retaliation for the bomb- 
ing at Bethel, Prussia, in which ' te 
high command said 9 chilrtf"- 
killed anri 1? •-«"- ' 



Long Night Raid 
Hits New Peak 
Of Intensity 



By the Associated Press. 

LONDON, Sept. 19.— Several casu- 
alties and some damage were caused 
this morning when a German raid- 
er, beginning a daylight attack In 
the wake of a heavy night assault, 
dropped three or four bombs on an 
East London district. 

The raider opened a new day— 
the 13th— of the Nazi air offensive 
against London, already rated the 
most bombed city in history, as the 
city's millions sought to resume their 
tasks and to put right as far as pos- 
sible damage done in an all-night 
raid described by reporters as the 
fiercest yet, 

German bombers fiew to the re- 
newed assault over England's 'east 
and southeastern coasts and the Air 
Ministry reported three shot down 
hi morning fighting, one over East 
Anglla, northeast of London, and 
two off the southeast coast. 

Londoners traveled to work on 
buses which crawled through dam- 
aged streets and along devious de- 
tours, and surveyed the battered 
facades of business buildings newly 
damaged in last night's dusk-to- 
dawn raid, which reached a new 
peak of intensity. 

A portion of the press raised new 



British Censors Ban 
Cabling of Times 
Of Air Raid Alarms 

By the Associated Press. 

LONDON, Sept. 19.— British 
censorship was tightened un- 
expectedly today to prevent 
publication or cabling of times 
of London air raid alarms. The 
restriction applies to the start 
of alarms a;id the finish. 

Censors said publication of 




m 



js. *-$iim/'~. 



(/. S. Now Building 1,000 Planes 
A Month; British Getting Halt 

Output Expected to Be 20,000 Ships 
Annually by Next February 



American military airplane produc- 
tion has reached a total of ap- 
proximately 1,000 per month and 
should be 18,000 to 20.000 airplanes 
per year by February or March, 
according to reports received by 
officials of the Aeronautical Cham- 
ber of Commerce. 

Of the total production, It has 
been estimated the British today are 
receiving approximately 50 per cent, 
or 500 a month. 

United States factories will not 
be "in real production" under the 
emergency contracts being awarded 
by the Federal Government for the 
Army and Navy before next June, 
It was estimated. 

By that time, the completion of 
factories now under construction 
and the delivery of machine tools 
now on order are expected to speed 
up production, possibly to 25,000 to 
30,000 a year, according to present 
estimates. 

"The warplane production pro- 
gram has moved out of Washing- 



was pointed out, already is begin- 
ning to show the effects of orders 
placed by the factories for new 
plant construction and machine 
tools in anticipation of the con- 
tracts for airplanes awarded recent- 
ly by the Army and Navy. 

It Is estimated that by February, 
delivery of new warplanes to Eng- 
land and Canada will reach a total 
of 550 to 575 a month, and probably 
will remain at about that level until 
the spring of 1942, when present 
plant expansion programs In the 
United States will have been com- 
pleted and the production rate is 
expected to reach its maximum. 

By April, 1942, under the program 
of the National Defense Advisory 
Commission, a total of 14,000 air- 
planes will have been delivered to 
Great Britain and 19,000 to the 
United States Army and Navy. 

The Aeronautical Chamber re- 
ports cover both combat and train- 
ing types of airplanes. The pro- 
portion of fighting planes is going 
up steadily and now outnumbers 



Labor Board Called 
Likely Place to Hunt 
'Fifth Columnists' 

Member and Legal Aides 
Attacked by Ex-Couns»I 
For Congress Probe' 

By the Associated Press. 

COLORADO SPRINGS, Se^ 
—Edmund M. Toland, former]- 
eral counsel for the congr< al 
committee investigating the 1 lot 
Labor Relations Board, su K 
today that any "fifth cotu. 
search "might very well start * 
N. L. R. B." 

In an address prepared 1 tj: 
metal mining convention l 
American Mining Congress, 
Toland declared "the hint of 
calism permeates a great pf c 
the board's personnel. 

Findings of the committee, ht 
"would seem to warrant the cr- 
elusion'' that any "fifth co) 
search should begin in the N. I „ B 

Mr, Toland said the boart 'big' 
cause it has been given jurisd. 
over disputes between capital ai 



-4- 



Figure 2 




REGISTRATION CERTIFICATE 



C 1,11*1 ume) 



*J (No* ami ftlrei-t or R t F t D. No-j city or town, county and Slntr) 

£ has been duly registered this day of , 19.. 

w iSijjnfil urc of rectal Era r) 

Registrar for.. _ 

(Precincl) (Ward) (City or county) (State) 

BE \ I ERT / Kee ^ ,l1 touch with your Local Board. 

\ Notify Local Board immediately of change of address. 
CARRY THIS CARD WITH YOU AT ALL TIMES 
I>. £L S, Form 2 hi— mat 



( 



*BBP 



No. 5780- TO 

10 SQUARES TO THE INCH 

MAD? IN II S. 4 



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-6- 



Figure 4 



ELEMENTS CF THE SELECTIVE SERVICE SYSTEM 





















■State 













-7- 



BIBLinGRAPHY 



SELECTIVE SERVICE NEWSPAPER, Vol. 1 No. 2, pub. Washington D.C., Feb. 1,1941 
THE WORLD ALMANAC AND BOOK OF FACTS, 1941 edition, pub. by New York World Telegram 
OFFICIAL SELECTIVE SERVICE REGULATIONS, Vol. 1 thru 6, pub. Got. Print. Office 
YOU AND THE DRAFT, phamphlet pub. by The Evening Star, Washington, D.C. 
THE EVENING ST^R, issue of September 19,1940