42 ---------------------------—-------------------------------------- with. Do not let us, then, adopt the suggestion of the Leader of the Opposition and begin to say what we are going to do if we find it impossible to make peace by peaceful methods. " When the right hon. Gentleman suggests that he would like to see us put an embargo upon Japan, by which I under- stand him to mean a financial and economic boycott of Japan, let him consider carefully the analysis of the situation which was made by the right hon. Member for Caithness. The right hon. Gentleman said, ' It may be that if you can get certain countries to join with you in this process of economic boycott, you can put such pressure upon Japan that in time *—I do not know how long, but in time—* she may be forced to desist from further military operations in China, but you must bear in mind that if you are going to do that, there may be some counter action by Japan, and that if you are to meet that, you must be assured beforehand of sufficient force to enable you to overwhelm it/ He added, too, that we could not be the country to lead in the application of that force and sug- gested that the lead, if it came from anybody, would have to come from the United States. I commend that analysis to the consideration of the House in general and the right hon. Gentleman in particular. They may be able to measure in their own minds what are the prospects of a successful applica- tion of economic pressure when one of the conditions behind it is of that formidable nature. " I suggest that it is altogether a mistake to go into this Conference talking about economic sanctions, economic pressure and force. We are here to make peace, not here to extend the conflict. The first thing we have to do is to see what means, by concerted effort, can be brought to bear in order to bring about the peaceful solution of the problem. Do not let us allow our minds to be distracted by hypothetical considerations which have not yet arisen, but let us put our whole force and our whole energy, with all the co-operation we can get from others, into the task of saving those lives which are daily being sacrificed in this terrible warfare which is going on to-day."