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with. Do not let us, then, adopt the suggestion of the Leader
of the Opposition and begin to say what we are going to do
if we find it impossible to make peace by peaceful methods.
" When the right hon. Gentleman suggests that he would
like to see us put an embargo upon Japan, by which I under-
stand him to mean a financial and economic boycott of Japan,
let him consider carefully the analysis of the situation which
was made by the right hon. Member for Caithness. The right
hon. Gentleman said, ' It may be that if you can get certain
countries to join with you in this process of economic boycott,
you can put such pressure upon Japan that in time *—I do
not know how long, but in time—* she may be forced to
desist from further military operations in China, but you must
bear in mind that if you are going to do that, there may be
some counter action by Japan, and that if you are to meet that,
you must be assured beforehand of sufficient force to enable
you to overwhelm it/ He added, too, that we could not be
the country to lead in the application of that force and sug-
gested that the lead, if it came from anybody, would have to
come from the United States. I commend that analysis to
the consideration of the House in general and the right hon.
Gentleman in particular. They may be able to measure in
their own minds what are the prospects of a successful applica-
tion of economic pressure when one of the conditions behind
it is of that formidable nature.
" I suggest that it is altogether a mistake to go into this
Conference talking about economic sanctions, economic
pressure and force. We are here to make peace, not here to
extend the conflict. The first thing we have to do is to see
what means, by concerted effort, can be brought to bear in
order to bring about the peaceful solution of the problem.
Do not let us allow our minds to be distracted by hypothetical
considerations which have not yet arisen, but let us put our
whole force and our whole energy, with all the co-operation
we can get from others, into the task of saving those lives
which are daily being sacrificed in this terrible warfare which
is going on to-day."