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Full text of "The Struggle For Peace"

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58  ---------------__-------------------------------------------------_
THE PRIME MINISTER : " The policy was designed with
the object of confining the conflict to Spain. Although our
plan, as we expected, had a mixed reception at first, and
although a number of nations made reservations and others
said that they did not like it at all, yet by degrees, one by
one, the reservations have been withdrawn, until to-day the
plan put forward by the British Government has been accepted
by every other Government, from Italy on the one side
right away to Soviet Russia on the other. That has been
the basis of our appeal to the two parties in Spain, and if, as
we hope, it will prove to be possible very soon now to send
out the Mission to Spain, that Mission will go out on the
basis of the British Government's plan.
" The right hon. Gentleman said that all that his party
demanded was justice for the Government of Spain. Is it
not perfectly clear to the House that his interpretation of
justice for the Government of Spain means intervention on
one side ? That is the difference between the policy of the
Government and the policy of the Opposition, that under
cover of international law the Opposition desire to intervene
on one side, whereas His Majesty's Government have tried
to keep the balance even between both sides, and to back
neither. I think we may fairly claim that during the past
six months there has been a perceptible lessening of the
tension in Europe. I put that down largely to the fact that
the Spanish situation has become less acute. We may also
claim that the policy of His Majesty's Government has
played a-most important part in averting a possible conflict
outside Spain.
" One reason, no doubt, why we have been hearing less
about Spain is that it has been eclipsed in our attention by
the distressing events in the Far East. I am not proposing
now to enter upon any discussion of the origin of what has
now become a major war in everything but name. Whatever
may be the true history of the matter, whether the Japanese
have forced a war upon China or whether, as Japanese
apologists seem to indicate, Japan was forced to defend herself
against aggression by China, whatever may be the truth, it
certainly is a fact that no attempt has ever been made by
Japan to seek a settlement by peaceful means. The Brussels